East Oregonian : E.O. (Pendleton, OR) 1888-current, March 22, 1904, DAILY EVENING EDITION, Page PAGE THREE, Image 3

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art fe -w-tan
B ismtr
. n Trial .
rrs it.-.. I !rPle. Murder.
e of 2?'J March 2i.Th,.
tte. ttu,d'. ""feme, .charged with
K? to child;?; 8arah Ramsey
Mai toda,, 5 V If w8 called for
EE Jve wit-
" trial promises .to bo
To sweeten,
To refresh,
To cleanse the
and Gently;
There is only
one Genuine
Syrup of Figs;
to get its bene
ficial effects
. 'l . Always buy the genuine Manufactured by the
uf3rnia Kg Syrup I
L Louisville, Ky. Szvrv Francisco, Cal. flewYork,.Y. J
m The genuine Syrup of Figs is for sale by all first-class druggists. The J
li full name of the company California Fig Syrup Co. is always I
B printed on the front of every package. Price Fifty Cents per bottle.
There is no o'hor brand of Canned Fruits and VfjrefaMps and Oyeters
and Salmon in the Northwest which equals MONOPOLE in style
and quality.
Ask You Goce Fo Them
Most first-class grocers carry MONOPOLE
Canned Goods, Spices. Syrup, Baking Powder,
Coffee, Etc.
Wadhams & Kerr Bros.
Monopole Grocers and Dry Coffee Roasters
ono of the moat notable that uas
taken placo in this soctlou of tho
state In a long time.
During 1903 the United States ex-
mitoi. .rnrwl., n Tlxilllln tfl tllO ValUO
of J7.518.177, and to Japan to the
Dispels colds and
headaches when
bilious or con
stipated; For men, women
and children;
Acts best on
the kidneys
and liver
stomach and
In Paderewskl's presence the czar
of Russia lately referred to hlra as a
T, I Ti ,1 nrou-i;l I H (1 1(1 " f 1)01?
your pardon, I am a Pole." The next
day ho receivon oraere ui jmt m
country, though dates wore sot for a
series of concerts In Russia extend
ing till next June.
American Consul O. llavndal of
Uelrut, Syria, socils tho following
Intensely Interesting report to tho
department of commerco and labor,
on American machinery In Syria:
There Is no economic movement
in Syria more Important or more ln
terestlnR than the Introduction, of
American machinery.
Owing largely to emigration to
North and South America, wages In
this country havo been growing nt
such a rate that It Is no exaggeration
to declare nn Increase of 40 to 50
per cent during tho last IB years.
Wages are still low, tho unskilled
laborer receiving nn average wage
of 25 cents a day. I have no doubt,
however, that the age of machinery
is dawning upon this country.
Agriculture Is tho main Industry
of Syrln, but' it Is In an extremely.
backwnrd state the implements com-i
monly in use being tho samo as
those In vogue in tho ante-Christian
era. Large tracts of land of great
fertility He wasto and depopulated, j
though showing traces of former!
prosperity and teeming populations.)
Agricultural and Irrigating ma
chinery and railroads will prove
strong factors In tho redemption of
these regions. In the plains or tno
Sharon. Esdraelon, Hauran, Dekaa,
etc., modern agricultural machinery
has begun to appear, and I am glad
to report that most of it Is of Amer
ican make. j
Previous to 1902 American plows
nnd reapers .wero operated In tho
Haifa neighborhood (upper Sharon)
under the auspices of tho American
and German members of the Templo
colony. In tho Bekna (Coelo Syrla) j
a Jesuit missionary organization con-j
ducted a "model farm" on which was
employed a limited variety of French
machinery. I
Jews First Experimenters.
In certain Jewish colonlc.8 modern
machinery was experimented with,
but as they were subsidized by for
eign capitalists work was largely
perfunctory, it was not, however,
until 1902 that natives of Syria nnd
Palestine began using mnchlnery in
tilling the soil and In harvesting the
crops. From now on tho use of agri
cultural machinery and modern Im
plements will grow steadily hero,
'and there seems to bo no reason to
doubt that American manufacturers
-will control tho market.
' i do not believe there are more
than 75 modern reaping machines
(including perhaps 20 scir-uinucre)
In this district, which comprises,
rearly nil of Syria and two-thirds of
Palestine. There are some 12 up-to-date
windmills, four or flvo grist
mills, 10 olive-oll presses, 125 petro
leum engines, two steam threshing
machines, ono well-drilling machine,
three hydraulic rams, 175 silk-reel-lng
factories, half a dozen lleorlco
root and tobacco presses, etc. Reap
ers, threshing machines, grlstmlljs,
and wind engines como from the
United States. Franco furnishes
sllk-reellng machinery and some
ollvo presses. Such presses also
come from England, which country
compotes with Germany In tho mnt
ter of oil engine?. I have agitated
tho Introduction of American oil en
gines and a few specimens havo
been brought In. Tlioy do not seem
to do well with Russian oil. Amor-
Have Never Had a National Religion
Believe In Spirits, Demons and
Witches Women Have No Legal
Status All Unmarried Men Are
Called Boys In Korea.
Tho lKjopIe of Korea are not Jap
anese, and thoy aro not Chinese,
They are Mongolian, and have a
polysyllabic language with a phonet
ic iUphabot. They havo a recorded
history, ' of disputed authenticity,
which clalmH for thora a continuous
existence as a Korean people of
about 6,000 years, the earlier part of
which, ,of eourso, is shrouded in tho
mists of tradition and fable.
As early as throo centuries ago
the Koreans had made great pro
gress In the arts. They built ships
200 feet long and covered them
with plates .of Iron, tho iron being
hammered into small plates and fas
tened by small spikes driven Into
tho wood. They made woven fabrics
and were very uklllful in metal work
In the fashioning of Jewels and in
the manufacture of pottery.
They were far in advance of their
Japanese neighbors, to whom they
have taught the arts of metal-work-lng,
pottery-making and sllk-weav-
lng. Three centuries ago Japan
overran the country and devastated
it, transferred whole colonies of ar
tisans to Japan, and broke down for
ever the military power of Korea.
Korea has produced little litera
ture. Korean students have been
largely devoted to Cblnoso authors.
Tho native llteraturo consists large
ly of descriptions of scenery and
The people of Korea may ho de
scribed generally as robust, amiable,
industrious, pleasure-loving and
given rather to the arts of peace
than the ardors of war. They are
agricultural rather than commercial.
They are kindly and generous.
Thoy have no national religion
and never had. Confucianism, bo far
as regards tho worship of ancestors,
the reverence of parents and the dig-
lean petroleum, which used to bo In
excluslvo command of this market,
Is not sold hero any more, nor Is
gasoline for sale In this country.
Requirements In Machinery.
I havo also endeavored to Intro
ditco American ollvo oil presses.
Thoso In use nro hydraulic presses,
ranging In capacity from 56 to 120
tons, with cylinders ot flvo to eight
Inches, respectively, nnd selling for
$350 to $700. In constructing and
selling such hydraulic presses In
this market tho following Items
should bo considered:
1. Perfect castings, so as to over
come leakage and breakage to tho
greatest degree.
2. All presses should bo provided
with safety valves and pressure
gauges. In tho hands ot Ignorant
workmen many presr.es nro disabled.
3. Detailed Instructions should bo
sent along with tho machine, oven
Including ndvlco which would bo su
perfluous nnd needless In tho case of
nn American or European workman.
I. Naturally, It Is essential that
tho prlco of tho machine, as deliver
ed In Helrut, should compare favor
ably with that of English and French
machines of equal capacity.
Samples should bo forwarded, as
far as possible, nnd correspondence
should bo addressed to the follow
ing firms: Michael J. Nasser, Hel
rut, Syrln; American Exchnngo Co.,
Haifa, Syria; and Meshakn & Nac.i
man, Damascus, Syria.
Difficulties aro experienced hero
In repairing mnchlnery and secur
ing proper draft animals for heavy
work, but these will gradually bo
Duty Free for Eight Pears.
For at least eight years to como
agricultural machinery nnd Imple
ments will bo admitted free of duty
into Syria.
Specimens of American cultivat
ors, cornshollcrs, hnyrnkos, harrows,
mowers, fanning mills, pumps, plows,
rollers nnd well-drilling mnc.ilnos
havo appeared In this market, and n
fair tado In theso articles Is suro to
grow up. Other American manufac
tures which would ho well received
hero. If properly Introduced, nro
fencing wire, road machines, rofrlg
erato machinery, garden clippers
(for uso In the mulberry groves In
tho silk season), sickles nnd wagon
I havo personally had considerably
to do with organizing -things so ns
to open n way Into this country for
modern machinery, nnd hnvo attend
. ed tho first experiments with our
reapers, gristmills, windmills nnd
threshing mnchlnes. Last year wit
nessed the nrrlval of tho first fit earn
threshing machine over seen In tills
It waB Installed In Coolc-Syrln,
where It created n tremendous son
satlon. Hitherto. grain has boon
separated by oxen trending It out or
drawing a toothed slab around tho
threshing floor. It Is a method
which renders tho grain dirty nud
cnuscs much wnBto. besides being
extremely laborious. A few wcokb
ago tho second steam threshing out
fit (llko Its predecessor, made In
Richmond. Ind.) wns started on ItH
enreor of highly Important pioneer
work In the territory around Damas
cus. I consider tho Introduction of
this one outfit ns foreshadowing a
nlty of family, hns a stronger hold
than any other form of religion.
Iluddhlsm hns always had n languish
ing existence among them.
There Is u widespread belief
among tho pooplo In witches, In spir
its and In devils. Thero nro relics
of fotlchism. Tho costumes of tho
men nnd tho women do not differ
widely from those In uso thousands
of years ago, The universal costunio
Is cotton cloth, blenched nnd un
bleached. In winter, this Is padded with
short iilnplo cotton which grows In
Korea nnd Is carded Into pads for
the purposo of quilting tho clothing
of tho pooplo. Their headgear Is re
markably varied In form. Thoy havo
n different form or n different kind
of hat for almost every station In
life. All tho unmarried men In Ko
rea are called hoys, and wear their
hair In braids down their backs, Mar
rlago may tako place nt nny ago from
12 upward, and whon n boy Is mar
ried ho Is a man.
Tho women of Korea havo no le
gal status. A man may havo ono
wife, and her children nro his heirs;
but a Korean may havo as many
concubines us ho tnny havo tho abil
ity or tho disposition to support.
J. Bloat Fasset In tho American
Monthly Revlow of Reviews,
Tax an Jewels
A largo bunch of trouble, social
and otherwise, Is In readiness for tho
congressman who attempts to enact
into law a bill taxing Jewelry In
Washington, Wealthy Washington
women, pro eminent in the social
life of tho national capital, aro agl
tated over the measure, which was
drafted and Introduced 'by tho dls
trlct commissioners, and which alms
to reach valuable personal properly
now untaxed, being classed as heir
looms. Tho bill takes Jawelry out of
that class. There is hardly a social
function nowadays where tho bill is
not discussed with great anxiety
and some bitterness by thu women
possessing Jewels. Mrs. h. Z. I-elter
is said to own tho finest collection
of Jovels at tho capital. Her rubles
alone aro worth a kings ransom.
The general government will in
tervene to settlo as equitably as pos
sible the row botween Kansas and
Colorado over the uso of the water
in the Arkansas river. For a dozen
years Colorado has used all, or
nearly all of tho water before it
reached tho Kansas line.
complolo revolution In tho economi
cal conditions of that region.
Oil and Steam Engines.
As to oil nnd steam endues, Gcr-
mnny nnd Great Drltaln nro the chief
rivals In theso mnrkots, with tho
United Stntos looming up as n "dark
horso." l)r!tlsh engines nro Import
ed from Egypt, whore English firms
havo largo depots. Throughout Gali
leo tho uso of tho oil engine Is al
ready qnlto common,
OH engines havo tho preference
over steam engines, ns coal Is dear
compared with Itussiait petroleum.
Simplicity of construction Is nn Im
portant requirement, ns native la
borers usually aro placed In chargo
of tho mnchlnes. Tho following no-
count of methods of irrigation cm
ployed In fruit gardens on tho Syri
an const seems worth roadlng In
this connection:
"Tho orango gardens In the plain
of Sharon nro Irrlgnted by n water
wheel lifting a double row of buck
ets, called n "norln," and this wheel
has hitherto been turned by from
throo to flvo mules, working ono nt
a time, nt nn nnnunl expense of
from $100 to $1,500, nccordlng to tho
size of tho garden, Including tho
wages of tho gardener nnd work
men; tho keep of each mule nvorng
lng about $C0 per annum. Hut tho
stimulus given to lncrensod cultiva
tion nnd the planting of gnrdons of
from 10 to 30 acres In size havo ne
cessitated tho consumption of n very
much larger quantity of wnter for
their Irrigation.
Engine Water Hoists.
"In Inrgo gardens consisting ot
from f.,000 to 8,000 or oven 10.000
trees requiring Irrlgntlou, a con
stant supply of wnter Is needed nnd
thu reservoir to furnish this has to
bo kept full, necessitating tho work
ing of tho mules nt tho water wheel
during nearly tho whole of 21 hours.
About three years ago a German
firm ondoavored to Introduco Into
tho country oil engines of throo or
four horsopowor for pumping wnter
from deep wells more rapidly than
It could bo lifted by mules. At tlrst
no ono would try theso engines, gar
den proprietors looking upon -them
with suspicion.
"Finally, howover, tho ngnnt of tho
firm In question volunteered to set
up nn engine free of expense In ono
of tho gnrdons by way of experi
ment, nnd It wns found to work so
woll that several orders wore nt
onco placed with tho firm. Whop
first sot to work thoso engines were
made to pump up tho water, but It
wns found that tho pipes frequently
became clogged with tho mud nnd
sand nt tho bottom of tho wells.
Now, howovor, by n very slmplo ad
justment of tho bolt, tho old wnter
wheel with Its bucknts Is made to ro
tato and tho water Is raised as for
merly, only nt n considerably great
er speed. It Is found that nn oil en
gine will fill ono of the largo reser
voirs nbovo mentioned In about six
hours nt ltnlf tho dnlly cost of hoop
ing three or four mules, nnd tho
gain to tho garden proprietor Is
therefore manifest."
Oil engines nro used In tho Leba
non to opornto gristmills nnd nro
lllllng n long-rolt want, owing to tho
scarcity of water. G. illo ltnvndnl,
llelrut, Syria.
Under Physicians Pive
Months. Went from
Bad to Worse.
Wonderful Change in One Night.
In a Month Face Was
Clean as Ever.
I was troubled with eczema on the
faco for five months during which tlmo
I was In tho cure of pliyslcluus. My
faco was in such a condition that I
could not go out. It was going from
bad to worse and I gave up all hope,
when a friend of mlno highly recoin
mcndwl Cntlcnra Jtomiylloi. Tho first
night after 1 waalicd my fare with Cu
tlcura Hoop and used Cullcura Ointment
ami Cutlcura Resolvent it changed won
derfully, and continuing tho treatment
It removed all scales and scabs. From
that day I was able to go out, and In a
month my face was as cleau as over."
T110M H J. BOTH, 817 Btagg St.,
Urooklyn, K. V.
Tho above letter was received In 1893
and he 'again writes us Feb, 10, 1003,
"1 havo not been troubled with eczema
The agonizing Itching and burning of
the skin as In eczema) tho frightful
callng, a In psoriasis tho loss of hair
and crusting of scab), as in scalled
head) the facial dUtfguremcnt, as In
pimples and ringworm the awful suf
feiu(of Infant-, and anxiety of worn
out parents, as In milk crust, tetter and
salt rhcom all demand a remedy of
almost superhumau virtues to success
fully cope with them. That Cutlcura
Soap, Ointment and Resolvent aro such
lauds proven beyond all doubt. No
statement Is made regarding them that
la not Justified by tho strongest evi
dence. Tho purity and sweetness, tho
power to afford immediate relief, the
certainty of speedy and permanent
cure, the absolute safety and great
economy havo mode them the staudard
Un cores of the civilized world.
Soil Ihioarhosl ttu world. CuUcurt Iteoliaal. KM.
r nil or an.
Ou!tmiit,et)a.. So-p.tAe. Dtp i Lobdoa, V CbArttt
koiM . WrU. l Ku. d. U Will tWoa. IS Coliiat-feu4-
fWlwIniiUwia.Cwf.. IMafnotlowa-
ivaino or 21,622,C0S.