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About East Oregonian : E.O. (Pendleton, OR) 1888-current | View Entire Issue (Jan. 14, 1903)
! Eastern Oregon Weather
Tontght and Thursday,
- - . AA
PENDLETON, "UMATILLA COUNTY, OHEGOS, WEDNESDAY, JAN1TAHY 14, 1903.
t Indications Are That
. . . it- M'. Qn'fkin
bAstoria man uu-mu
I t Senator.
LAND CHARTER IS
PASSED IN BOTH HOUSES.
! cf Votes Comploted at Noon
Lirvey Scott Has Little Show for
Senate House Officers Ap-
Hm, Or, Jan. 11. The canvass o
.vfutred this morning in joini
tiitr and was hogun at 11 o'clock
dBpIetl nt noon. Tho speaker
Kfd thar Chamberlain had neon
leowrnor Ho -was lnaugurni-
fit 2:15 this afternoon and wan
nlnbv Uio cniei jusucu.
-Ciianibcrlnln then road his mes-
1 Alini4nK t.ncaaarl fhft
!)( fOrUXHU aim vu
thU morning nnu uie
n..re nf the Leolslature.
If .r n.
fKdidPyiSajEC U. urowii...
tef Oerlc S. L. -Moorhead.
jattut Clork Ed Jackson,
deafer Clerk F. C. Mlddloton.
filerk Frank plotter.
SatganUit-Arms K. W. Gowan.
Bcorteeper J. O. Calvort.
II? Clork William Smith.
Speaker 1.. T. Harris.
Wet Clerk-A. C. Jennings,
latent Clerk-W. P. Drogor.
Reading Clcrk-C A. Murphy.
Calendar Clcrk-F. O. Northrup.
togeant-at-Aras-W. IC Bishop.
Doorkeeper-T. W. Warm.
Bailing ClerU-Tl. M Plorco.
Pai;es Vevdow KauVner, I.ee Davis,
Salem, Jan. 13.-Tlio light ovor tho
iganization of tiio two branches of
fce stare legislature proved a battle
njal and tho result was undeniably
lidmi success lor unurios vv. tur
I'm, in Us campaign for tne sonaior-
riM. w opponents may uemuo
tin rk'm ho has gained, but evon
llMrjfalt that ha-has scored first
rjle-slralflcanco of tho victory lies
111 the fact that tho presiding officer of
Icl louse Is a strong adherent of
iHton and each owes his election In
I peat degree to the assistance and
J generalship of tho man from As
a It Is, of course, a necessary
fcence that each will uso his Influ-
! to aid Fulton In tho senatorial
sle. Tho presiding officers ot
kfcsate and tho house may enslly
Itotj factors In that contest. They
smany favors to bestow In tho ap-
test of committees and In fur-
f the adoption of bills presented
'two honsrs Tho ehnlrmnn of
relative body if ho bo shrewd
litul pospsses a nower that Is
I null mired When Fulton hlm-
ls resident of tho sonato two
sSo ho was a powortul factor In
-ttlon of Mitchell to tho United
Field Against Fulton.
i prestlco of havlnc won tho
r sWrmlsh and with the signal
u?e of having captured the or
""hi In both branches of tho
Hre Pnlton Is illsflnorlv
Fwtban ho was three days ago.
tlmn lllu flcllt la nf
III j, , ..HI. J
WS frlpmlc mlmlt (l.ot !,,.
'" hope of securing a caucus
WMMinrcM.. 11. , .
i - l"o issue mum.
f bo settlod by tho tedious
""'joint ballot by the two
Of tllft lOfldlntnrn Drocont'
tj prove very protracted. Each
t to M Mn(,,aRtfls will do every-
bt.iv io noiu nis ioiiow-
" 1,10 ""no t'mt ft break
(lii V 0 rorces of tl10 leadors,
u. 1 "8 nav nrnflt
2212. ?nd h,s frlends nre
itto. V. vl?e,.r. v,ctry 'n the on
r8 lLlnlr satisfaction Is
I l. VUUI1MU11VIJ
'.m th ; ' n u'
UtM """"ubk wnicn was
'or a dozen hallotn wns
hfa?iW,e 10 them- There
fwaHJut three, and nmhW
four senators, who wore expected to
voto for Drownell, tho Fulton candi
date, availed thomsclvcs of tho pro
tection given by tho sccrot ballot and
gavo their votes to Smith. The dead
lock was finally broken by a single
voto which deserted Smith and went
Prat to Stelwer and then to Brownoll.
Who cast this deciding voto Is a
mattor of speculation. Some say that
It was Crolsan ot Marion, whllo others
confidently assort that It was a mem
bor of tho Multnomah delegation.
Tho lattbr theory finds color from
tho fact that Multnomah's represen
tatives In both houses have developed
a strong dlstasto for tho cut and dried
progrnm which tho Jack Mathews tri
umvirate expected to force down their
throatB This was made apparent In
tho 'house caucus and was the prime
cause of tho ultimate break to Har
ris. Eddy, who was the Mathews
Mitchell candidate, started with IB
votes, but quickly fell to 12. Of these,
only eight wcro from Multnomah, de
spito the endorsement given to Eddy
by tho delegation. Of tho remaining
four votes two wore from Marlon,
and two-ln eluding Eddy's own vote
from Yamhill. i
Tho defeat of the Mathews coterie
of bosses has lyion tho subject ot fre
quent comment among tho legislators.
It Is generally bclloved to presage the
withdrawal of Harvy W. Scott trom
the senntorlnl fight.
"Lot Scott show his head now and
we' will glvo him n crack ho won't
forget," said one ot a group of repre
sentatives today, and the others
promptly echoed tho sentiment.
So genoral Is this feeling thnt oven
In tho ovont of a complote overturn
ing' of existing combinations, it 13
hardily likely that Scott will allow
his name to he presented as a senator
ial candidate. To do so would bo to
court sure defeat.
FATAL POWDER EXPLOSION.
Seven Men Killed In British Colum
bia Powder Works.
Victoria, B. C, Jan. 14. Seven men.
five of them Chinese, were ldlled by
nn explosion In Hamilton, tho powder
works at Northfleld, near Nannlmo,
UNION MEN TOO INDEPENDENT
BEFORE COAL COMMISSION
Gives Reasons Why the Operators
..Arc Opposed to the Miners' Union
Admits That Very Few Men Were
at Work During Strike.
Philadelphia, Jan. 14. General Wil
eon again presided at tho anthrSclte
Suporlntar.dent May, of the Hillside
Coal Company, was the first witness.
His testimony and examination was
largely confined to tho reasons tor tho
antipathy to the union. Ho believed
tho union makes men too Independ
Spalding asked many questions.
May believed he would have been able
to resumo work had there been no
On examination he admitted that he
only had 300 out of 9000 mon working
on September 30 whon, tho first vlo
lenco was loported.
Regarding docking he declared they
hod a system In their two collieries
whereby tho mon wero credited with
excess docking when It was shown
good coal had been taken off of the
miners' cars. This amount was paid
DEVOTED TO BUSINESS.
Livestock Convention at Kansas City
Listens to an Address by Bailey, of
Kansas City, Jan, 14. The National
Livestock convention devoted the
forenoon only to business. Dr. Bai
ley, of California, delivered an inter
esting address on the angora goat In
dustry. At the National Grocers convention
the fight Is waxing warm for tho next
mooting place. St. Louis and San
Francisco nro tho only candidates.
Wife of Consul Robbed.
Algiers, Algeria, Jan. 14. Yester
day ovcnlnc tho wife of American
Consul Kidder at Upper Mustapha,
was assaulted, knocked down and rob
bed of her. purse. The assailant Is
Glasgow. Jan. 14. Three of tho
largest locomotive manufacturing
firms in Great Britain have merged
into a combine with a capital of $10,-
Sets Forth in a Statesmanlike Manner the Needs of the Com
monwealth ot Oregon.
Salem, Or., Jnn. 14. George 15.
Chamberlain, democrat, was Inaugur
ated governor of Oregon at 2: 15 p. m.
Tho message recommends an appro
priation of $500,000 to the Lewis and
Clark fair. Flat salary for state 6f
Ilcinls and moro equitable taxation of
large corporations Is advocated.
Following arc excerpts of the mes
sage upon tho leading topics:
Gentlemen of tho Senate and House
I would bo recreant to my duty If 1
did not in the very beginning of what I
have to sayoxprecs to you and through
you to the people of tho state, my
high appreciation of the groat honor
which has been conferred upon mo In
electing me chief executive When a
convention of my party put me In
nomination for this exalted place. It
war, with one voice and without solic
itation on my part. I feel and know
that I am Indebted for my election
to that generous spirit of political In
richness of our mines, forests and
fields, and the salubrity or our cli
mate. It should not be the purpose of
legislation intended to tax this wealth
to be discriminating and unjust. Suc.1
a course would nullify tho efforts we
are making toward commercial ad
vancement and Industrial develop
ment. But that this wealth should
contribute fairly, equally and uniform
ly with other property of the state all
must concede, and those who como
here to assist us tor their own better
ment, claiming the protection of law,
should bear a just share of the bur
dens. A Fellow Servant Law.
I commend the general scope and
purpose of this law to tho legislature
of Orecon. and earnestly urge the
enactment ot such statute at this
session. Legislation upon this sub
ject was defeated at the last session,
but It seems to me that tho demands
of tho thousands of men engaged in
dependence' which has characterized! tallroad employment here are entitled
the people of this state from the
earliest pioneer times, and fully real
ize that It. was not because of any su
perior merit In lue. Under such cir
cumstances I onter upon tho perform
ance ot the high trust that has been
Imposed upon me with a deeper sense
of tho great responsibilities that de
volve upon me, with a greater fear
that I may not be able to meet tho ex
pectations of those who have bo hon
ored me, and with a firmer determina
tion to do all In my humble power
to best subserve and protect the In
terests of the state. I have no higher
ambition than to win the encomiums
of my fellow citizens when my term
ehall have expired, for duty faithfully
and honestly performed.
The Common Schools
Oregon has just cause to be proud
of tho record she has achieved with
reference to her public school system.
She stands near the front rank In ef
ficiency and In attendance, proportion
ed to population. No tax Is so cheer
fully paid by our people as that which
gees to support the public schools, for
It Is in them that tlftj minds and char
acters or the great majority or our
children must o fnecesslty be formed,
and it Is to them that the state must
look mainly for useful and responsible
citizenship. To maintain their effic
iency is our solemn duty. The educa
tion there attained should be extreme
ly practical, having for its object tho
preparation of the pupil for the every
day affairs of life. To Oils end, non
essentials should bo eliminated and
essentials installed. It is to be fear
ed, however, that tho modern ten
dency Is to reverse this wholesome
rule, and reading, writing and arith
metic are given way to music, draw
ing and other embellishments. Too
many are the books and too many tho
Indies, for thoroughness in those
things which go to fit our boys and
girls for useful men and women, and
embellishments are being added to the
courses of study each year which had
better be loft to schools of art and to
colleges and universities.
Taxation of Corporations.
A large proportion of the taxes of
many of tho states Is derived from
sources other than tlto geueral land
and property tax. Real estate hero
is bearing an unjust proportion of tho
taxes for both state and local pur
poses. Personal property and money
Inrgely escaped taxation. This is not
as it should bo, and some remedy
ought to be found and applied for
carrying into effect tho letter and
spirit of the constitution, which re
quires all taxation to be equal and
uniform. The period through which
we are now passing Is characterized
by combinations of capital, as well
as of men. Individual Initiative in
the larger enterprises is almost un
known. Corporations with large cap
ital, organized In other states, are
constantly coming into and doing bus
iness of all kinds here, and in most
cases cannot be or are not reached
for the purpose of taxation. Our ef
forts in the pat Jiave been and should
continue to be, directed to the secur
ing of tho investment here of capital,
corporate and individual, from other
states, The efforts that have been
made In Uils direction are being re
warded, and from every state of the
Union men of wealth and managers
of vast corporate enterprises are com-
to be heard, as they have been heard
and favorably acted upon, in other
states not moro progressive than Oregon.
In New York and other states stat
utes have been enacted imposing
taxes upon Inheritances. Such a sys
tem of taxation ought to be essayed
In Oregon. It has been objected that
(hero are no such colossal fortunes
here as would warrant or justify the
Imposition of taxes upon Inheritances
either dircc. or collateral. This Is in
pnrt true, and for that very reason
there would be leSs opposition to such
legislation now than there would be If
it bo postponed to a later date. - Tho
uxords of the county courts In every
count yin the state wil ldisclose the
astonishing fact that many, if not all,
of the estates going through probate
eFcapo a just share of the burdens of
taxation during the lifetime of the tes
tators or Intestates.
The tendency of modern times Is to
bilug about aE neaily as posible, a
divorcement, of local and stato taxa
tion, and theie Is no reason why, by
a proper law taxing inheritances and
local and foreign corporations doing
business in the state, as well as the
valuable franchises which they enjoy,
Oiegon may not, following i ntho foot
steps of other 3tates, raise the creat
or part, if not all, the revenue neces
cury for state purposes.
I recommend that tho number of
normal schools aided by state appro
priation be reduced to two, and that
admissions thereto be hedged about
by such restrictions as will require
them to carry out in good faith the
purposes of their creation, sothat the
people whose money Is expended in
this support may be compensated in
part by a corps of thoroughly equip
ped teachers in tho public schools.
Troubles between capital and labor
have not at any time seriously affect
ed the business interests of the state.
Asplrlt of toleration has existed be
tween employer and employe which
is to be commended, and incipient
troubles have been easily settled by
discussion and mutual concession.
Tho development of irrigation pro
jects by private companies under the
Carey act and by the United States
under tho Maxwell act of 1002, makes
essential some legislation governing
water and riparian rights. The act'Of
- " , v., ntj u
visions of tho Carey act Is qrudef'
There should he further legislation
along the same lines. But nothing
snouia ue done without the groatest
deliberation and caution, for hasty ac
tion would undoubtedly involve one of
the state's greatest and most promis
ing interests In interminable legisla
tion and final disaster.
n broader discretion thou they now
possess, and permitted to refuse np
plications to purchase, or to sell cither
for tholr actual value after proper as
certainment thorcof, or nt public auc-l
tlon to tho highest bidder, with power
to teject any and all bids that might i
Tho question, "How shall wo utilize
the activities of our convicts?" should
receive your unremitting and ' most
careful study. Its Ideal solution would
bo one which should not only elevate
tho moral and physical condition of
the prisoner, but at tho samo time
employ his energies In such a wayns
to directly and positively benefit tho
public, and thus In a measure atone
for tho wrongs which his confinement
Is Intonded to explaie. Any plan
which makes him a direct competitor
of free labor is essentially erroneous.
If he manufactures articles to bo sold
In open market, tho clement of cost
which his - enforced labor represents
will Inevitably lower tho selling price
and diminish tho wage for similar
goods not prison made. This moans
fewer free artisans, n lower standard
of living for thoso who do produce In
tho face of such competition, less to
buy with and correspondingly less for
those with whom they trade, tho harm
and loss reach to every part of our
complex Industrial and social fabric.
Reapportionment of the State.
A glance at the act of 1S9'J, redis
ricting tho state into senatorial and
representative districts Is sufficient to
condemn It as a measure of the gross
tst partisanship, entirely without mer
it and wholly unjust to many ot tho
border counties of tho state. Taxation
without representation Is un-American
nnd yet as the several senatorial and
representative districts aro constitut
ed, under the act referred to, some of
tho counties, If not entirely unrepre
sented, are practically so. Take for
Instance tho ninth senatorial district,
extending from the Columbia River on
the north to the California lino on the
south, with one Joint senator for the
counties of wnsco, Crook, Iako and
Other districts might be mentioned
where tho nportionincnt Is equally as
ll v nn
Declares Knox is Responsi
ble for Misery Wrongs and
Robbery of tho People
COURTS ARE ALWAYS READY
TO STAND WITH MONOPOLIES
(Concluded on page C.)
COAL WILL LAST BUT ONE DAY
SKY-SCRAPERS WILL BE
COMPELLED TO CLOSE.
One Building Contains Six Thousand
Regular Office Tenants Wide
spread Suffering Sure to Follow
Thousands Will Be Thrown Out of
Work by Coal Famine.
Chicago, Jan. 14. Beforo today's
session of the grand jury Investigating
the coal conspiracy, the president of
the Building Managers' Association
nnnouncerf"that unless the coal sup
ply wa3 Immediately Increased a ma
jorlty of the great fchy-Bcrapers would
be compelled to close. This action
would throw thousands out of work,
one building containing C000 regular
office tenants, The supply of coal will
Itst one day longer.
REAR END COLLISION
One Train Stops for Water, Another
Crashes Into It, Killing Four Men.
Houston, Texas, Jan, 14. A rear
end collision between two east-bound
freights on tho Southern Pacific oe
turred this morning near Sour Lake,
Ono train plopped for water and the
ether ran into it at full speod. Both
firemen and two trampB wero instantly
ldlled. One engineer was fatally,
and one conductor was possibly fa
tally Injured. Ono engino and 14
cars were plied in tho ditch,
WILL HAVE EXHIBIT.
There Is now in the state treasury
$729,436.42 of the irreducible school
fund unloaned, and consequently
bringing no revenuo to tho public
pchqolg. Under these circumstances,
there is no reason for continuing the
sales of the public lands of the state
at minimum prices. It might be .the
part of wisdom to withdraw them from
tho market entirely for two yoara at
least, but if the preeent policy of sell
ing them is to he continued, the stiite
Ing among .us. lured hither by the land board ought to he invested with
Prussia Appropriates $75,000 for
Berlin, Jan, 14, The Prusslon bud
get today carries a J7G.000 appropria
tion for the. Prussian exhibit at St.
Riverhead, L. I., Jan. 14. 'fbo
date's eridenca against Dlsbrow will
he completed tonight. The prisoner
today seems happy and unconcerned,
and believe that he will yet be acquitted.
New YprjtTjan. 14. Abrara S, Hew
itt la unchanged and shows most sur
London, Jan. Yi. A dispatch from
Capp Town this morning says Belt
Is bettor. The doctors are now hope
ful of recovery.
Senator .Tillman Scores the Trusts
and the Dilatory Policy of Adminis
tration. Washington, Jan. II Prcaldont
Roosevelt this morning told Forakcr
that he had not offered to appoint
Bay on tho retirement of Shlras. but
admitted that ho had the matter un
The senate "In anticipation of tho
much ad vol Used 'speech of Tillman,
iroa won niloil this moriilntt. Tillman
kept a prominent plnre in tho. halls
before tho assembly, telling the other
senators what a large number of llvo
wires ho hod In reserve nnd how no
proposed to nrralgn the president for
the coal situation.
At 1:30 ho spoke and started ny ar
raigning Aldrlch. He said that If nny
action was taucn in uio senate n
would be bocauso tho republicans had
boon Bonded to it by the Vost resolu
tion. The sonato was callous aud cold In
refusing aid to the suff!ng people.
It would ba taught a severe lesson, ir
coal riots took place, and would ho
shown that man will not starve nor
freeze, hut. It necessary, will throttlo
He said the policy oL.lhJa govern
ment Is to deal in hot til?, Tho attar-ney-gonernl
sits supinely by although
having power enough by tho Shermnn
net and a romplctc wlrienco of con
spiracy, yot ho demands moro power.
Ho wants nnother nnthrnclto commis
sion. "The commission wo have," he said,
"Is dawdling away their time taking
Irrelative testimony, when It could
enslly get cvldonco from the anthra
Ah he was speaking, there was a
gradual diminution of attendance on
tho floor whllo the galleries filled.
In loss thnn half an hour only ntno
(ieinocrats wcro In their scats. Rec
ognizing tho departure ot tho demo
crats, Tillman shouted nt tho top ot
his voice, "I know I'm In tho minority,
but I'm from tho section of country
that aLvays has been pillaged and I
suppose it must contlnuo to bo rob
bed and Ignored. Tho inferior courts
nro always ready to stand In with tho
monopolies nnd uso Injunctions
against the minors.
Tho nttornpy-genernl should have
secured . nn Injunction against
thp, coal companies when It
was apparent thnt they proposed to
slarvH tho miners Into subjection. I
wish to God I could believe that that
man was sincere. I would have got
an Injunction if in his place If I
could hn,vo found nn honost Judgo any
where." In quoting some of Tuft's opinions,
ho roforred to him as a man who re
fused a place on thp supremo bonch
because ho wnntnd to mnko himself
cdlous In tho Phllopplnes, Ho declar
ed that there wero many violations of
Interstate rommorco thnt If all the
culprits wero punished thoro would
J.ot ho Jail enough to Imprison thorn.
"I am Indicting Knox, who is crimlnai
and responsible for tho misery, wrnnff
nna robbory bocauso ho failed to do
Ho was interrupted by Dlcdrich with
a question upon Cleveland's adminis
tration. Ho angrily shouted, "God Al
mighty had a grudge against tho
Continued on pago 8.
Office with Harlman Abstract Co,
Buys ant sells stocks in all min
SOUTH POLE STOCK
Mining claims bought and sold.
BUY SOUTH POLE