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About East Oregonian : E.O. (Pendleton, OR) 1888-current | View Entire Issue (Nov. 18, 1902)
Come To Us
For your lumber and building
material of all descriptions and
you will save money and get
first-class stock. We can sup
ply you with
Screen doors and windows,
building paper, lime, cement,
brick and sand.
We make a specialty of wood
gutter? for barns and dwellings
Oregon Lumber Yard
Alta St., opp. Court House.
MAKING BEET SUGAR
OF LA GRANDE'S INDUSTRY.
Gray's Harbor Com. Co.
Opp. W; & C. R. Depot
When getting figures from
others on that lumber bill of
yours, don't forget to come
and see us. We carry a large
stock of all kinds of
including shingles, door, win
dows, moulding, screen doors
and windows in fact, every
thing that is found in a first
class lumber yard.
History of the Beet From the Field to
the Sack of Sugar By a Staff Cor
respondent. Tho industry that adds much to La
Grande's prosperity is the Sugar Ueet
factory. It gives employment to a
large number of hands in tho factory
and to a much larger number in rais
ing the boot from which the sugar Is
The process of manufacture Is a
very interesting one.
The Receiving Sheds.
Near tho factory aro large sheds
with open sides. Two of these are
receiving sheds for beets hauled by
train. The otho two are equipped
with elevated driveways. A four or
el.x-horse wagon drives up, a hoolt at
tached to a wire cable running
through a pulley is attached to tho
rope netting which has been placed
on tho wagon bed before the bents
are loaded on and in less than two
minutes the wagon Is unloaded. The
team walks away, the rope netting
rises and Is released when It has
swung the beets Into tho shed.
A pailful of file beets from each
load is selected. This pailful of beets
la weighed, the beets are then wash
ed and the waste trimmed off. Tho
per cent of waste in the whole load
Is estimated from the sample pailful
taken from each load. The waste runs
from four to 16 per cent, which is de
ducted from the weight of each load.
Where the Beets Start.
The receiving sheds have a floor,
shaped like the letter V. At the base
of the V is a false flooring. Ueneath
this runs a swift stream of water.
The streams from each shed merge
before entering Uio factory. "Beets,
more beets," toots the whistle shrilly.
The false bottom is pulled asldo and
the beets fall in the stream of swiftly
running water, and are assisted to do
so by several men armed with forks
Elevated and Cleaned.
The stream carries the beets into
a large wheel which Is equipped with
scoop-shapod partitions, which raise
! the beets and drop them into a largo
cleaning vat. A shaft armed with
t paddles revolves In this vat and keeps
'them In constant motion. They gradu
ally work to the end of the vat where
a revolving fork tosses them onto an
endless chain belt, which In turn de
posits them In a series of buckets
which deposit them In a storage
chamber on tho third lloor.
The Slicing Machine.
A series of fluted knives revolving
at high speed beneath the hopper re
duces the beets to noodle-like shreds.
From this cutter they descend by a
mnvnliln snout to the diffusion tanks
on the floor below. There aro 14 of
ti, o(, lonts wlilHi rernlvn tho beet
pulp. The pulp Is not pressed, but
the sugar IB extracted iy mo uinus
The pulp from which the sacharlno
matter has been extracted by means
of hot steam, is carried by an endless
chain and discharged In two largo
silos outside the factory.
The Waste Product.
This pulp is a taseless fibre-like
substance. It Is sold for 60 cents a
ton for cow feed. The sugar beet fac
tory Is feeding over 200 head of cattle
on the boiled pulp. It Is also being
! fed to hogs and sheep.
The Carbonitatlon Tanks.
Lime and sulphur aro mixed in the
carbonitatlon tanks to form carbona
ceous gas. Tho carbonaceous gas is
mixed with the beet juice which Is
then forced through the filtration
The Filtration Presses.
The filtration presses aro frames
covered with canvass, lhe beet juice
is pumped through these presses and
Mm pinrlfinii nroduct discharged into
a trough below. At every throb of the
engine a jet of clarified Juice Is eject
ed. The engine is like sumo gigantic
heart, the filtration presses are rne
lungs, at every heart throb, the juice
spUlts out as from a cut artery. The
canvass' retains the lime and sulphur
and the "mud," as it is called, is cart
ed away and placed on the fields.
The Evaporation Tanks.
The clarified juice is next pumped
to the evaporation tanks. Each tank
has a coll of steam pump In to boll
the juice to syrup- Bach coil consists
of two and one-half miles of pipe
. . At.
looking through a glass n o
wXrs bring to mind the Inoan ai.
"Bubble. imwe. wu " ---Here
much of the moisture Is evap
orated and escapes as steam th,oug
large pipes leading from the closed
Boiling Down the Syrup.
Much depends on the next ap-tho
boiling down. It is one of the most
niontiHn nf the processes employed
in the extraction of sugar. Tho two
men who do the boiling receive
high wages. They test It costantlj.
The syrup is boiled In vacuum. The
tanks hold 11 tons. To a question as
to tho malting of tho sugar the guide
responded: "We don't make 'lie sugar.
It Is an element like salt. God Al
mighty makes the sugar and puts H
Into the beet. We merely extract It.
Tho man in charge or tno uenum.
process of boiling the syrup, runs a
bit In a glass and looks at It critically
through a glass toward tho light, ad
justs certain guages. tests It again.
i., d,nr oiinnirpa He Is always
on the alert. A little carelessness
may mln the 11 tons of syrup.
Making a Strike.
When It Is ready he makes a
"strike" or discharges the contents of
the vacuum pan into a vat below. In
this vat a huge shaft, with paddlo like
arms, keeps the vacuum granulated
mass in motion.
Krom this vat it Is conducted to Uio
centrifugals. Thi3 step seems the
most wonderful nf all.
The Wonderful Centrifugals.
Eight polished copper receiving
tubs stand in a row. The attendant
raises a lever. A heavy granulated
sticky mass with the consistency of
heavy cold molasses and the color of
chocolate, flows into' the centrltugai.
A lever sets tho tub In motion with a
speed of 1500 revolutions a minute,
i As a cream separator throws off the
, Impurities, so thebrown massbecomes
gray and then In an Instant white as
snow. The attendant turns on the
hose to wash the sugar. This must
be done with car? or he will wasli
away the sugar. When It lias been
washed he brings the centrifugal to a
standstill and the side is encrusted
with n layer of sugar four inches
deep, the bottum of the centrifugal Is
removed and the sugar scraped off. It
falls below where it Is convoyed to
the steam dryer where the "thumper"
keeps It agitated In a revolving dryor.
The Steam Dryer.
Th- steam dryer is full of lateral
steam pipes. Tiiero i"e "" D
shaken about until tho moisture Is
driven off and it is ren.iy ...
From two spouts a steady stream
of sugar Mows Into the sacks. Tho
sacks which are being "lied stand on
scales and when the ' PO""'1 weight
is balanced the stream of sugar Is
shut off and a new sack placed in po
sition The screenings or coarm; "
Is sent back to be reworked. From
lhe scaleroom the sacks of sugar aro
taken to the warehouse.
The Sugar Warehouse.
Hnv one can walk through long al
leys of surar There are 37.000 sacks
of" sugar stored here at present.
Tho capacity of the mill Is 3GO tons
of beets a day, but with little trouble
It can be increased to 700 tons as
room has been left Irrthe building to
duplicate all the present machinery
not already capable of a 700-ton ca
pacity. Secondary Sugar.
The waste product from the centri
fugals is stored in tho crystallzation
.n,,!, ami worked over ..no
during the next campaign.
Capable of Great Extension.
The sugar beet enterprise Is one
that is cnpable of great extension.
The raising of the sugar beet is a
profitnblo enterprise and brings much
money to the Grande Hondo valley.
FRED LOCKLBY, JR.
KNOWLEDGE AND SKllt
are both bronchi intn ... 'u
work we may be favored .
Brain and muscle to,
gcther for the benefit of Ccr ,
ull; nejij, J
travacant or nii'farHl., a 1
of material. Enough is t5tjl
make the work perfect itJ
more. Anu we charge ttJ
ior goon work and no
B. F. BECK,
Conrt St. Opposite Golden Rail
Our Gunboats Built In Japan.
Tim Tiniteii States Government has
ordered six gunboats to be built in
Japan for coast protection in the Phil
ippines. Tho receipt of an oruer oi
this kind Is the best evidence of the
wonderful progress made by the
Japanese In tho last half century.
THt. IiphI Avldnnco of tho nrogress
made by Hostetter's Stomach Bitters
during that time Is found in tno un
equaled record of cures back of it.
Hundreds of people, including many
prominent physicians, have voluntari
ly testified that the bitters cured
them oi stomach, livor and kidney
complaints when o'lier medicines had
failed. You will therefore make no
mistake In trying it for heartburn,
nausea, headcacho, indigestion, dys
pepsia, constipation or biliousness.
Ono bottle will convince you of its
Let Murphy Frame those
Pietores for Christmas
Don't put off having il J
work acne. If Muiptjj
does the work it will tJ
good work and you willbj
highly pleased, BestsiceU
pf framing material.
E. J. Murphy's
Best work at lowest pnceil
5 RADER FOR CORRECT FTJFi.IsriTTJFi.E!
I RADER wants your trade RADER can supply your wants
RADER is offering rare inducements in furniture, carpets, curtains and other articles that enter your home
H RADER will save you Money The time to select furniture is NOW
gf; Our store is packed from basement to garret with new furniture
Two Monster Furniture Cars.
ST Have discharged their contents in our store and to fully appreciate the gra'ndure of the new arrivals a visit should be made -to our lar?e
double store. In order to display sample pieces of the new stock we have been compelled to enlarge our floor surface and have built new balconies.
RADER has always been the first in the field with the swellest and very latest styles in furniture, and this year our stock is Iarerer and more
n ' 1 J. i.1 1 C T . A. A. 1 A. r .1 i.1 J. 5 A. ! . t f . . . . O
complete man ever out ore. i o enumerate me nusi oi new siyics mat are jusl m wouia De a ulincuit task as they are so numerous and varied.
S Here are some of the bright fresh new things that have received the stamp of public approval for their splendor and up-to-the-minuteneft
f wiii;ii nau uc seen at uur siuic;
With coverings of plush, leather and all of the late materials, all strongly
upholstered. Positively the largest and best stock to choose from. They win
your admiration at a glance.
Rare beauties, all the fancy designs. Some new novelties shown for the first
time in Pendleton.
Just the things to brighten up the appearance of a room. Something to
please the fancy of all.
Never in tho history of the city was such a grand array placed on display.
Everything that is up-to-date iB shown.
Highly polished, strongly made and attractive in appearance.
Center Tables and Fancy Stands
Very or"ai"Q"tal or plain, with brass or glass ball footings.
Those comfortable eo.y resting places, with the adjustable backs. The correct
thing to repose xn evenings or sit in while you read.
Extremelyswell collection. Many entirely new designs.
Large heavily carved and plain. Exquisitely polished. All tastes pieced.
1 HADER RHDER
B - THE PROGRESSIVE FURNITURE DEALER