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About East Oregonian : E.O. (Pendleton, OR) 1888-current | View Entire Issue (Aug. 12, 1902)
TUESDAY, AUGUST 12, 1902.
Preparing few a. Vacation
man wants bis shirts to look their
best and have them in perfect order,
To be Bure of this send them to an uj-
to-date laundry, where your linen and
colored shirts, your collars and cuff
are handled with the care and done up
with the beauty of color and finish that
the Domestic laundry is famous for.
THE DOMESTIC LAUNDRY
J. F. .Robinson, Prop. Pendleton,
I have bargained with a
competent Timber Cruiser
On the line o. a railroad
now nnder construction
This means a big chance
for first-comers. See
Have some good farms for
Gray's Harbor Com. Co.
Opp. W: & C. R. Depot
"When getting figures from
others on that lumber bill of
yours, don't forget to come
and see us. We carry a large
stock of all kinds of
including shingles, door, win
dows, moulding, screen doors
and windows in fact, every
thing that is found in a first
class lumber yard.
"We are in the transfering and
trucking business and are pre
pared to move light or heavy .articles.
fFFICE MAIN ST., Near Depot,
Telephone Main 51.
PRESIDENT BELTS DIS
CUSSES THE MATTER.
He Maintains That the Law Is ;a (.Good
One and Ought Not to -Be Repealed
Flimsy Argument Against It
Mr. Doug Bolts, president of the
EaHt Oregon Woolgrowors' Associa
tion, was In the city last Saturday,
making arrangements for the coming
meeting of the association, which
takes place at Pendleton Sattember
1C. While a number of subjects will
be discussed before the association
the most Important one, and the one
to which one of the ablest speakers
In the state has been assigned, Is the
"Bounty Scalp Law."
"The leading papers on the west
side of the state," Bald Mr. Belts,
"are continually throwing cold water.
on the bounty scalp law, and making
all kinds of misstatements about the
facts in the case. They are either
woefully ignorant of what they are
talking about, or they are willfully at
tempting to get the law repealed by
misrepresentations. The coyote boun
ty law is not only one of the best
laws on the statute books of the
state, but It has given the best re
suits and is still giving the best re
sults of any law of like character over
rassed by the Oregon legislature. In
no particular has it proved detrlmcn
tal, but it has resulted in good from
Rot About Rabbit Pest
"The rot about the rabbit pest in
creasing on account of the destruc
tion of the coyotes is the most rldlc
relephone Main 105.
No Sediment to Foul
No Disease Germs to
Endanger Your Health
VAN ORSDALL I ROSS
ulous folly Imaginable. The rapid
Increase of this pest Is such that the
attacks of the coyotes In their palmi
est days wore not noticeable. There
were always myriads of rabbits and
the mere destruction of one occasion
ally by a hungry coyote had not the
least effect. If coyotes wore depend
ed upon for the destruction of the rab
bits it would be found that they would
never be destroyed, but would in
"There Is no question but that the
rabbits are damaging to the ranchers
and everything should be done to de
stroy them within the power of the
people and the law, but to undertake
to raise a prejudice against a whole
some law like the coyote bounty law
under such a flimsy excuse will not
help the matter. The same papers
that are raising such a hue and cry
over the coyote bounty law under
the plea that the rabbit pest is grow
ing, would raise just as much fuss
over a law for the destruction of rab
bits. It is not for the good of the
sheepman or rancher that they are
howling, but to attempt to throw off
the small proportion of taxes that the
people of the west side are contribut
ing for the destruction of a very dam
aging pest Because they feel that
they are not directly benefited In the
matter they think It is an outrage,
and would be so Belfish as to see the
sheep industry, and all of the ranch
ers In Eastern Oregon, so far as that
is concerned, go Into bankruptcy rath
er than make the little contribution
they pay In the way of taxes. ,
Sheep Killing Means Money.
"The killing of a lamb means "dol
lars to the sheepman, and the killing
of thousands annually means thous
ands of dollars. The destruction of
sheep on the winter range by coyotes
prior to the passage of the law was;
to an astounding extent. None know
it so well as the sheepman. The
sheep industry is one of the greatest
in the state. It brings large reve
nues to the state In many ways. It(
deserves the protection of the entire
people of the state. The sheeprais
ors are heavy taxpayers. They are
always at a heavy expense and could
not afford to pay a bounty alone. They
have always made a hard fight
against the coyote and have had them
killed "by the thousands, but until the
bounty law went into effect none out-
side of sheepmen took any interest
l I.tlt!.rr tlintii nut ivIMl thn 82 '
bounty ranchers aud trappers took
the field and the result has been won
derful. Every sheepman can see the
difference. The coyote is gradually
passing: Only a few more year3 of(
the law, at the present rate, and the
coyoto will cease to trouble us.
Different With Rabbits.
"The case Is different with the rab
bit He will go before the march of
civilization more rapidly than the coy
ote. Civilization would eventually
drive the rabbit out. He lives on the
plains by day and night The ranches
gradually shut him out; the rabblt
drlves and the ever-vigilant onslaught
of the ranchers Is gradually killing
them off. When all of the valleys are J
settled up the rabbit will be wiped,
out. Not so with the coyote. He
takes to the mountains by day andi
maraudes the plains by night. The)
settling up of the country only furn
ishes him fresh food to prey yjion and
mnims Jils wnrk more destructive. Lot
the law remain and also do all that
can be done toward the destruction
of the rabbit.
Plenty of Nonsense.
"The nonsense published about
raising coyotes for their scalps is too
utterly frivolous for even tno smauesi
niiiiii in thn most densely populated
citv eo believe. Tho slightest Bpark
of common sense applied wil Ishow
tho falsity of such a statement
Whon a coyoto is scalped as requlr
ed by law in order to get the boun
v iio wnnlil never live long enougl
to raise a family. But it is like some
nf tho ntlier nrcumonts they produ
It is simply prejudice, and like the
prejudiced always, whon they attempt
to discuss the matter they lose their
rpnsnn. The neonlo of this state
ought to stand for the coyoto bounty
law, It matters not where they live
What the Labor Unions are Enjoined
From Doing by Judge Keller.
In explaining from the bench just
what people are forbidden to do unde
the Injunction recently issued by him
self, Fedpral Judge Keller, of West
Virginia, lias performed a service to
the public as well as to the miners,
After saying that the injunctio
did not take away or deny tho right
of the miners "to persuade men to
join their union," Judge Keller de
lined the limits to that right In th
"You have no right In any way to
make those people think your way bL-
cause they do not quite think It safe
to think otherwise. Now that, In a
general way, is the limit of this
As to how near to plants where
non-union workers are at work meet
ings of strikers and their sympathiz
ers may be held without violating the
injunction, Judge Keller said:
"There is no line. The injunction
la.ys down no line, but it does say
that you must not get close enough
and act as a body of men in such way
as to intimidate or interfere with
those people who desire to work. In
other words , you must not make them
afraid; you must not do things that
will cause them to fear the conse
quences, to leave their work, or to be
deterred from doing their full duty."
This lucid explanation of the in
junction yokes good law with good
sense. If one man may not sell his
labor without another man's consent
he has lost his liberty. If to-prevent
any man from selling his labor to
whomsoever he pleases, and on what
ever terras he pleases, other men may
threaten him with injury either to his
person or his property, or put him In
any kind of fear, then the man so
menaced is practically on the footing
of the negro slave before the war; his
labor is not at his own but at other
Judge Keller's explanation of his
injunction as one that simply says
these things cannot be lawfully done
in this country will satisfy the gen
eral public that the Injunction is
right. It will be cheerfully obeyed
by all well-disposed American cltl
zens and must be enforced upon all
others. Now York World.
2 nnnfmnntHfHMHrtHnt?HnHHHniinTinfHTinnfnnfMH?nH?HHTMHMHMMiHninnnH!iHiMiHMnnnnmTni g
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0. 8. JACKSON.
1'ortUnd. Or., July 33, ISM.
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0. 8, JACKSON, Pub,, Portland, Or.
THE HENS' RECORD.
Some Figures Which May Interest
Lovers of Poultry.
In tho lntorvals ot bringing up
lnrgo and active families, the horns
of tho United States last year found
time to lay 15,525,830,232 eggs, or
about a billion and a third dozens.
The Income from tho sale of these
eggs, according to statistics furnished
especially to the Sunday world Mag
azine by the department of the In
terior of the United States govern
ment, was $144,280,158.
Besides this their progeny, to be
eventually served In a score of dif
ferent ways, from a la Maryland to
salnd, were sold for ?13G,891,877.
The total income from tho poultry
industry In the United States for the
year was $281,178,035.
The total income from the sale of
wheat In the United States In 1300
was $323,515.17. It Is estimated that
the sales for last year, figures for
which have not yet been compiled
will not greatly exceed the previous
The greatest branch of the agTl
cultural industry, the branch that
has helped as much as 'any other to
make this country a commercial
world power, thus exceeds the poul
try Industry In money equivalent by
only about 15 per cent
Still more striking, practically tho
entire output of eggs and murh of
tho poultry is consumed at liome.
Here are some more of tho interest
ing figures furnished by the depart
The value of poultry on hand June
1, 1000, was $85,794,0nfi. This includ
ed 233,598.085 chickens and guinea
fowls, G.599.3C7 turkeys, 5.G78.8G3
geese and 4,807,358 ducks.
In ratio of production there are
about two dozen eggs marketed to
every biiBhel of wheat.
But even these figures cannot give
a full idea of the country's egg pro
duction. The consumption of eggs,
by people keeping their own poultry
must be enoimotiB and necessarily no
statistics can be obtained of this pro
duction. In the yards and orchards
of a thousand villages from the At
lantic to the Pacific, a dozen or more
hens provide the family wants. More
over the estimate Is of hen's eggs
only, while there Is a very large con
sumption of the eggs of ducks, geese,
guinea fowls and even turkeyB. 'New
SB, m m-m m mm mmm
Something About the Net Earnings
of the Northern Securities Com
If the railroad companies wish to
convince state boards of onualizatioii
that their nronortv is of hut. little
value, that they are earnlnc barelv
enough to justify the running or
trains and that thj steel ra Is. fish
nlatts and snikes renresent thn total
value of the property, they should
make arranjrements to BUDnress the
financial papers at the seasjn of the
year wnen boards of equalization
meet to assess such property, says
tne Helena Independent.
In the Julv 28 Issue of the New
York Financier, the lareent financial
paper in this country, we find the fol
"Great Northern's nreliminarv As-
11 res for the fiscal vear onrllnir .Tuni:
30. 19U2. enable the fol owlner estl
mate of tho earnincrn nf thn Northfin,
Bncurities company for the year juBt
Burlington surplus, about. .$10,lG0,00u
in. racmc surplus, about.. 12,800,000
Gt. Northern surplus, about 13,70u,000
Total surplus $3G,GG0,000
"From this total surplus $8,840,200
must be subtracted to pay the year's
Interest on the Burlington joint 4's
After the above interest has been de
ducted the remainder of $27,753,800
Is available for dividend disburse
"The Northern Securities company's
capital stock amounts to $403,250,000.
This stock has been exchanged for
the capital stock of Great Northern
and Northern Pacific, Burlington be
ing acquired by tho two latter. The
total surplus of $3G,GG0,000, as shown
above, Is equal to almost 7 per cent
on the $403,250,000 capital of North
ern Securities company."
It seems superfluous to comment
on this statement. The Now York Fi
nancier has no Interest in falsifying
figures of railway earnlng3. It Is a
roliable paper In regard to financial
matters. If it were unreliable tho
bankers, bond investors, stock .spocu
lators and buyers and financial men
generally would not read It. It Is a
whon the railway attorneys have
their rehearing before the state board
of equalization they should try w
make the foregoing figures coincide
with their Btatomonts that the Jioaru s
assessment Is too high.
No Waterproof Wanted.
Hat ClerkThis is a genuine Pa
nama guaranteed to hold water.
Colonol Bluegrass -Take It ;awy.
san. and show me a plain straw.
Horses from Orerton. Washington,
Idaho. British Columbia. California,
Utah, Colorado, Montana and Canada
nro entered to race at tho state lair
thlB fall and It will be the greatest
racing event on the circuit.
VAN DRAN BROS., Prajj
The Best Hotel in pJl
and as good as By.
Headquarters for Traydinj.fct
wmmooious iampk S
Rates $2 per day J
Special rates by week or motto.
Every Hodern Cesnsjasl
Bar and Billiard Room in Conns
Only Three Blocks irm ,
Corner Court and Johiwn totes,
M. F. Kelly, Proprietor. il
HEATED BY STEAM.
LIGHTED BY ELECTRICITY
American Plsn, rsteitU6.to'
European plan, 60c, 7ic,
BpecUl rates bj week or
Free Bus Meets all Ttato. HJJ:
Commercial T 1PmT'
Special attention giveaCofflittT