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About East Oregonian : E.O. (Pendleton, OR) 1888-current | View Entire Issue (Feb. 28, 1902)
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 28,- 1902.
This Date In History-Pol). 28,
1533 Michael tie Mon
taigne, French essay
ist, born: died 1592.
lSJt-Itenry Stubbe, tlio
most noted Greek and
Latin Bcholar of his
IMS Christian IV. of
Denmark died; born
1712-Louls Joseph, mar- Montcalm,
quia of Montcalm, born; died of
wounds near Quebec, 1739.
1752 William Augustine Washington, the
soldier who wounded Tarlototi at
Cowpens, S. C, born in Stafford coun
ty, Vu.; died 1810.
lS20-Kachel (Elizabeth Rachel Felix),
French actress, born at Mumpf, Swit
zerland; died at Cannes, France, Jan.
1S23 Quincy Adams Qlllmore, who direct
ed the siege of Charleston, born In
Lorain coilnty. O.; died 1SSS.
IKS Alphonsc de Lamnrllnu, French poet,
historian and moderate Liberal states
man, died; born 1S05-
169SJohn Thomas Scliarf, historical writ
er who served in the Confederate army,
died in New York city; born 1S13.
1S01 William Maxwell Evurts, noted law
yer and statesman, died In New York
city; born 1S!8.
WE MUST RESPECT AUTHORITY.
Now that the city council has duly
elected a marshal and recorder to
succeed the present Incumbents of
those offices, it is meet and. proper
for the old officers to step down and
out gracefully, for the power and the
law Is against them. The people of
Pendleton are no longer desirous of
prolonging the "late unpleasantness"
aud further wrecking of the town's
best interests. It is agreed that the
mayor has the right to cast the de
ciding vote, and to further protest
against his way of voting is idle and
The authority of the law should not
be longer questioned. The council
lias power to elect a marshal or to
remove them from office, and it has
announced its preference in no uncer
tain voice, so the decision should be
accepted by all concerned.
If those who are put in authority
are not to have authority, matters
will come to a pretty pass, until there
will be no government at all hi Pen
dleton. If every man. who wants of
fice is to have his own way, scram
bles for office will increase aud chaos
will take the place of order. So let's
abide by the council's orders, the
mayor concurring, and thus advance
the interests of Pendleton, even if
one's personal feelings have to bo
suppressed and one preferences ig
nored. It -is not possible to please
everybody, and it is best to place au
thority by vote of the people aud- al
low those chosen by the majority to
exercise it as the law provides.
It is a waste of time and energy to
keep- alive hopes that have to be bur
led in the end and to attempt to con
tinue Heathman as marshal and
Beam as recorder in spite of the
council's action, is to fly In the face
of law and add embarassmont to
It is a hopeless, empty undertaking.
It is time to call the curtain down.
A L) -.SERVED REWAnO.
Mr. B. Campbell, for many years the
head of the traffic department of the
Oregon Railroad and Navigation Com
pany has beon selected by Mr. Stubbs
to be assistant traffic manager of the
Harrlman lines, with headquarters in
Chicago. If over a brainy man .de
served promotion it is in this in
stance. Mr. Campboll has beon in the ser
vice of railroads over since he was a
boy. He knows the rights of a rail
road and ho respects the rights of the
people. He Is a sterling, honest man
la every way, forceful, resourceful
and untiring. He is, on top of all
this, a trained business man. His
eparture will occasion a loss to Ore
gon and the O. R. & N. Ho has serv
ed both the state and the coinpony as
traffic director. The spirit of the
railroad corporation toward Oregon
can be attributed to his iniluonce .to
a largo degree. He is u quiet, unas
Buming, ' democratic gentleman and
his au.vissor in the place ho leaves
will have a difficult post to fill and It
'will bo a groat compliment if he
meets, the duties of the office with
equal satisfaction and ability.
CONDITION OF THE STREETS.
The streets of Pendleton have beon
neglected for lo, these .many years.
Proporty owners have been allowed
to improve thom 'or not as they
chose, and hardly have tho property
owners over acted together, with the
result that there is no regularity lu
the streets and little in the sidewalks.'
These ''marks of the -country town"
should be eliminated and a good timo
to begin is this year.
Because of tircumstauces over
which no one had control, Webb
street, the best thoroughfare In the
city, is in a deplorable condition and
made worse every day becai.se of the
uses it is put to and the fact that the
railroad track in the middle of it is
away above the level of the street,
forcing travel on both sides of It,
which is fast destroying all sem
blance of a street. Work on Webb
street should be commenced and car
ried to a finish without delay, and It
hiiould not be allowed to pass entire
ly out ot mind that it is possible to
take avfy the railroad track from the
street and give the railroad other and
better accommodations. There are
citizens who could, If they choose,
with the assistance of the council,
jring about this very much desired
state of affairs.
In any event Webb street should he
put in order, and that right away.
Us c-undition has been adlsgrace to
the good name of 1'eudlet n for nl
most a year oust.
THE ORIGIN OF NAMES.
The origin of names, even those of
greatest importance, often depends on
accidental circumstances, which it is
impossible to trace to their real sour
ces. England got its name from the
Angles and France from the Franks;
but tli. origin of the name of Rome lo
unknown. Jonathan Carver gave the
name Oregon to the world; ,but how
it came to Jonathan Carver no one
can ever know. The name of Wash
ington has been traced to a locality
called Weyssug, in the north of Eng
land, as far back as the 11th century.
Lincolp is Lindum Colony. The word
is a mybrid of Celtic and Latin and
the name is traced back to the Ro
man occupation of Britain.
One of the most curious of these or
similar inquiries relates to the maner
in which the name America came to j
be applied to the continents of the)
western hemisphere. It is familiar
enougn me name is mat ot Amerigo
Vespucci, tlie Italian navigator; but
Amerigo never laid claim to the ori
ginal discovery, and died without
knowing that his name was to be
thus immortalized. Amerigo did
not "steal the name from Columbus."
He was merely fortunate in the cir
cumstances that bestowed it upon
Following the discovery of Colum
bus, Vespucci made several voyages
how many cannot be known, with
certainty. Some say two in the ser
vice of the king of Portugal and two
in the service of the king of Spain.
Wlietever the number of his voyages,
they were made during the lifetime
of Columbus, and the authority for
them rests upon letters written by
himself, which no longer exist in the
originals. It is not even known nl
But translations of these letters, in
Buttranslations of these letters, in
various languages obtained currency
In Europe. A Latin version was put
forth in 1507, by a cosmographer by
the name of Martin Waldseomullor,
at St. Die, an obscure town in the
Vosges mountains, in the northeast
ern part of France. It was due to
this little publication that the name
of America, from Amerigo, was giv
en to the western hemisphere. In
that book are these words: "And the
fourth part of the 'world, having been
discovered by Amerlcus, it may be
called. Amerige; that is, the land of
Americus, or America." Again
"Now truly, these regions are more
widely explored, and another fourth
part discovered, by Amerlcus Vespu
tius, as may be learned from the fol
lowing letters, I see no reason why
it should not justly be called Amerl
gen that Is, the land of Amerlcus,
or America, tis discoverer, a man of
acute intellect; inasmuch as both
Europe and Asia have chosen their
names from the feminine form."
Hylacompylus says ho made his
Latin version from the French. Ital
ian, Spanish and Portugese versions
also existed. They seem to have
ominated from a common source, and
not from each other therefore It 1b
not concelveablo that there were no
genuine originals. But the claim of
a hemisphere for Amerigo's name
was not made by him; It was made
for him. It is perhaps the most ro
markable instance in history of so
great fortune and renown.
Tho name America passed very
slowly into use among tho English.
No copy or version of tho Amerigo
letters was published in England,
and there Is no record of them there
till after the lapse of a long porlod.
Curiously enough, tho first mention
of Amerigo in England was in a play
written and published at an early
stago in the development of English
dramatic literature. This play
bears tho title of "Interlude of the
Four Elements." It bolongs to the
typo known as ."moralities," or moral
plays and their form was one of tlio
steps or stages through which tho
English drama passed in Its progress!
to its perfection in the Elizabcthlan
car. A morality was a play enforcing
a moral truth or lesson by means of
speech and action of characters j
which may bo personified as abstrac-j
tions figures representing virtues i
and vices, qualities rof the human I
mind, or conceptions in general The)
lesson which the play was designed
to teach was the advantage ot tne
pursuit of science. First, Humanity
goes through a course of astronomy,
and after an Interval of relaxation,
resumes his studies on the subject
of the rotundity or the earth, under
the guidance of Experience, a travel
ed cosmographer. But Ignorence in
tervenes with his medly, and In the
end, (which is Imperfect). Nature is
left giving counsel to Humanity to
continue his studies. The play is a
genuine curiosity of the early Eng
lish drama. It contains an illusion
to the discovery of the West Indies
and America, "within thjs twenty
year"; and it is believed to have
been written about the year 1519
some eighty years before the begin
ning of the great dramatic career of
Shakespeare. Little was said, how
ever, m lingusii literature auout
America for a long period. The nil-
embracing Shakespeare names
America but once, and that is in A
Comedy of Errors.' 'n play probably
of composite authorship, in which
Shakespeare's part is not definitely
defined. He has only two other allu
sions that belong with certainty to
America. One is "still-vexed Ber
nioothes" (Bermudas) ; the other is a
mention of Mexico in "The Merchant
of Venice." The discoveries of the
Cabots. sailing under the English
flag, begining early in the history of
American expeditions and extending
to the death of Sebastian Cabot,
about the year 1557 though they
gave England the title and footing
in the western hemisphere that she
asserted in later years were attend
ed with comparatively little interest
at the time; for England could not
do much till overthrow of the Span
ish Armada in 1588 opened the way,
as Bacon expressed it, to her. "com
mandment of the seas."
This sort of inquiry is much pursu
ed in our time. Our American insti
tutions of learning are devoting large
effort an increasing effort to all sub
jects relating to the history and an
tiquities of America. Sources of in
formation that once were passed over
without curiosity or interest are, now
eagerly explored. Every historical
society and every college is endeavor
ing to make a collection. Numerous
private individuals are making con
stant effort to collect materials. The
new interest awakened in the history'
of Ooegon has set a price, in most I
cases a high one, on books and docu-
menls which till recently were almost
without quotable value. The body
of literature that might be called
"Oregonana" is not small, but compe
tition for it is making it scarce.
Carver's Travels, Meares' Voyages,
the Narratives of Franchere, Town
send, Ross, Cox, Dunn, White and
others are no longer easy to find; and
even the missionary accounts of
Samuel Parker and Gustavus Hines,
mat iounu tew ouyers llrty years i
ago, are now scarcely obtainable.!
Vancouver's Voyages have advanced
to a great price, and every version of
the expedition of Lewis and Clark is
in great demand, including the lasest
one, that of Dr. Elliot Coues, whose
notes make it the best of all. This
fine addition, however, when publish
ed only ten years ago, found at that
time hardly any sale. Now, the per
son is fortunate who can find the vol
umes. H. W. Scott, in the Portland
The New Jersey assembly, after a
long and humorous debate, passed
the mosquito extermination bill by a
vote of -18 to 9. The bill appropriates
$10,000 to the state experimental
station for tho purpose of malting a
scientlflc investigation of the habits,
origin and breeding places of the
mosquito and their relation to ma
larial and other diseases.
The republican primary election
will be hold In Portland and Multno
mah county on March 15.
is yassir Hair
worth One Dollar 9
If so, buy a bottloof Nowbro'a Herpl.
cldo nurt stop that dauclniH that Is
slowly but surely rendering you bald.
Is the only preparation on tlio market
Unit really will Mop it for it is tlio
only onotlmt kills thomlcrobont work
on tlio liuir root, thus destroying tho
eifect conscaiently removing tlio
as ithus tluV doubting i'ljomas";
S.vk Fbamchco, Oau. Dec l.'ro
Wnenl fiounlittjiut bottle of llerpiddna
few moil tluiiiMj.Uko the majority V.r ai h
R.OTI l?n,,1 "'ought. It would proVi n
Fako.biit I am lianpy to atato that 1 1 iloca 1 11
ami even more, dun you claim for It! jiy
tatrUBrowlnorniililfV. Itwneetfiilly, y
PorSale stall Firjt.Clasi Drugstores.
THE MOST DESTRUCTIVE OF
i ALL HUMAN DISEASES.
The noison elected from the fangs of the rattlts
snake is not more surely fatal than the
PIOUS JJIOOU J.OJSUU,
Slood. destroys the tissues and boues
canker sore into the flesh.
This disease appears first in the form of a little sore or blister; 6ooa the
crinmk bciyiti to swell, pimples break out on the body, the mouth nnd throat
prome sore. maki'iiL' it painful to eat or
tonmie conner colored splotches aud
come as the disease progresses, and the
TIip TMPilirnl men are as
blood poison as ever: they tell you to
OUR I Ktli nunc. .m. m.
Our book on Contagious Blood Poison elves more
Information about this disoaso than you can possibly
got from any other source. It dosorlbes accuratoly
and fully tho symptoms as thoy appear In oaoh stairs
of tho malady, enabling tho roador to oorrootly dlafe
nose his own oaso, and, by following: the instructions
laid down in this book, to successfully troat himBolf
at homo. Should tho pationt need any opecial direc
tion or advioo, our physicians will bo .clod to corre
spond with and holp him alonar in every possible
way. Don't hesitate to write fully ahout your con
dition ; what you have to say about yourself will
never bo beyond our office You can havo the host
medical advice and this valuable little booh without
any cost to you whatever. Our physicians are in
correspondence with hundrods all the timo, and
have successfully treated thousands of oases. Don't
despair of a oure because something- else has failed.
soon show signs of healing, and the unsightly, dirty splotches aud eruptions grow
paler and paler, and finally disappear.
S. S. S. has for nearly 50 years been known and used as a remedy for this dread
ful disease. Gently, but thoroughly, it removes all traces of the poison withor
the least injury to the system. THE SWIFT SPECIFIC CO., Atlanta, Ga.
and other building
We have a large stock of
for barns and dwellings,
ggoii Lumber Yard
Alta St., opp. Court House.
8oId by JOHN BOHMIBT
The Louvre Saloon
PENDLETON . . - OREGOM
TKLKPHONE MAIN 4.
I You get
When you drink
Guaranteed not to
cause headache or
Ask for it.
Schaltz Brewing Co.
The East Cregonlan le Eastern Ore
gond representative paper. It leads,
??L l a.PPrec'ate It and show
I L yJ,h?'r "beral Peonage. It Is the
I advertising medium of this section.
virus of Uinta- u
and eats like a
swallow ; dreadful ulcers appear on the
other characteristic signs of Blood Poison
destructive virus takes deeper hold upon
sorelv perplexed over the character of this
take mercury and potash alternately for
.or-vTT- three years, but the
stomach of no human
being can stand this
treatment long; besides,
they do not cure the
disease permanently, as
thousands know from
S. S. S. in the only
guaranteed purely veg
etable blood purifier,
and the only antidote
for this peculiar virus;
it purifies the blood
and builds up the con
stitution. The appetite
improves almost irom
the first dose, the sores
Not on Pasco.
I still have Farms for Sale
THE REAL ESTATE MAN.
Savings Bank Building, Pendleton, Or.
is that the Domestic Laundry is noted
for the suuerioritv of its nervine. All
linen laundered there Js done by the
ucat, miesL una most periect methods,
aud ia lu every way the mont satis
factory. This is a question of fact that
t;oou uresserH will appreciate.
THE DOMESTIC LAUNDRY
J. P. Robinson, Prop. Pendleton,
Eight lots with dwelling and barn,
House has seven rooms, bath,
cellar and wood house, city waters
hard finished on stone foundation
Also four lots and new cottage,
Two lots and house, $1,000, part
cash, reasonable time on balance,
or will sell on installments. See
817 Main Street.
Farmers Custom Mill
Fred Walter, Proprietor.
(Jopaoltr, ISO barrel a flay.
Hlour exchanged lor wheat.
Floor, Mill Voed, Ohottsed Feed. ato alnavi
Buy eir stocKh.
founts. eS ,'l
them tn ,v-u ei
& YOU NEED 1
winner m. "f
bunessit."8,..80.??. think ,
i the MifBto Tr
rurin, "-o '"Xcti
atlvert'shwi. ii,- ?AI,: "Sti
itiK In the world " 7 tte"
space in the jca!l 0
at low rates, 11
SEE FOR YQT
East Oregonian, One WeM
v iiijlCi JJ
Four Inch Ad mtrW;t.
East Oregonian,0neWt jl
l Time vii
Or a Four Inch AdinBoti
Daily and Weekly
Semi-Weekly, 6 Tksij.
Daily, I Time in My
'and I TimeinSemi-M.
WHO CAN GIVEYQO
A LOWER PRICE:
for a lunger tine, or for monsm
the rates aielnttenmentfmrita, -j
Ails under e intrMt.Uitmeutei, M'
Imvinj 010 ce of portion In ptpt' !.
Doinp Imslres uitlioat tltiillt!?
like winking at. a uiettv iltl intk "
ilark. You may knowht;oo utbl
iug, uui nu uae uise unti.
The East Oregonian'sTdtpteiJ
is main ,)
WRITE TO THS -
New Lumber Yatf
to buy nice, new clean,
opposite the W.CfjIf
PENDLETON, . :
iunFD MAN i'
AN ABSENT '"r,-'.,twX,J
make double expense to "t"lbKei
charge nro io reasou""'
noli lor aciay. -.ukrS
N EAGLE w-WP:
r . 1 . . I
a hub or spoke tptuw.ot vu ulii ytm
gear is in uetd oi
5,1 ii tomo ace dent on tlio ri" L.p.red . "