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just what you want.
F i I.. v,.n...v..rLiiIllli will pair
l Hrml-WerUly KA8T mir,uu.-in,
: ...ill ..n.r th Juu elections.
lnr nnd twenty-five cents wln
Unity KAHTOKKOOHIACT ior uw
biitftli of time by ml
PENDLETON, UMATILLA CO., OREGON, SATUKDAY, APRIL 7, 1888.
e Call the Attention
To tbo largo nnd varied stock of
Which wo have lately received, nnd now havo on oxhibition at our
)RE IN THE POSTOFFIOE BUILDING.
It consists in part of n flno assoitiuont of
inner ana Bummer .uress crooua, outtpiu my
liooas, uiotning, ana uenw jc ut
. Town Inundated, and t'ortlons
Swept Away Heaps of Ice High
Ciiicaoo, April 0. A special front Ma
con city, lowa, nays una uio gremuei
frCBltct over known in tlio history of this
country was experienced there last night,
lCook raits on tjiioii hock river ucwi;
the greatest sufferer, 'lite iron bridge,
165 feet long, and tlio dam are gono.
ltock Falls is completely inundated.
Houses and barns woro swept away.
Rome of tbo houses woro crushed like
egg-shells. Ono house containing u lady
and nvo cntiuron was bwopi koih un
foundations, and lodged against u treo,
and tlio woman and children escaped on
floating Ice, upon which thoy remained
barefoot and in their night-clothes till
morning. Miles of fences wero torn from
land which tbo water was never known to
overflow before. Whon the water ro
ccdcd.JIt left imnienso piles of ico in tho
streets, huso cakes in many instances
tlireo feet thick, Doing piieu up ion or
fifteen feet high. Uio fctrccts nro impim-
nablo. Tho scene in Die town is like
ono in an Arctic region, in many cases
only tbo roofs of bonnes being visiblo,
protruding ubovo mo great neaps 01 ico.
A Largo Stock of
LADIES' AND CHILDREN'S SHOES,
STRAW AND FELT HATS.
-A Full Lino of-
ih purchasers csiccially will find it to their interest to Insect our stock nnd
got our prices.
lid & Bean.
STORM LAKE SHAVING PARLOR
Shaving, Haircuttlng and Shampooing,
Ml wotk doi o bv onlv comiHitont workmon. A trial solicited.
K.UGEL & SHARPS,
M . M lit 1 1 lt f
iliil dim swlt tOincr .niiin ana wood streets, rcnuioiou, uregon.
J. VAN SCHUYVER & CO.,
WINJiJ AND SPIKIT MERCHANTS,
13 FRONT STREET, - - - PORTLAND, OREGON
;YRUS NOBLE BOURBON AND RYE WHISKIES; JOS. SCHLITZ BREWING
CO.. (Milwaukee. Wis. EXPORT PILSNER BOTTLED Been. AKUA
DIAN SPRING MINERAL WATER, (Waukensaw. Wis.) VEURE CLIQUOT
PONSARDIN CHAMPAGNE, (Yellow Label.) mci,9dwsm
A OIIKAT VltKSIIltT.
tlio relief of Nat McKttv and tho heirs
Capital and Confrresslonal Notes of Interest In Ills measure Vetoing the bill for tllO
t. !f.rihwmi.rn Header.. , , relief of Nut MeUay and others, tho Pros
Tito Fenato resumed consideration of Idont says : "It hardly seems itp tho gov
i..i un. ti... .....Km, MiiPHtloii helmr eminent to permit these claims to lw
1UO MINEItAIi IJISCOVKItT
Itepnrt of Mew Mineral droundsof Fbu-
talis Wealth In the Sierra Nevaiias.
San Dikcio, Oai.., April 0th. A
largo body of now mineral ground
has noon inscovcrcu in mo oiurro nuvmiu
mountains. It is reported that thoro uro
hundreds of veins from three to thirty
feet in width, principally composed 01
free gold in whlto quartz, which will bo
nnullv worked, nnd which assavs from
$300 to f'J,000 per ton. ino pntcor
grounds cover thousands of acres, and uro
rich in gold dust and nuggets. Tho dis
covery has created creat excitement in
Great Rock Island
ALBERT LEA ROUTES.
The direct and popular line lu connection
with tne Northern racine KMlway
from 8 k Paul aud Minneapolis
To Chicago and the Kut.
To Mt Loata and the Month.
To Wen Moines, Jbeveworth
AtehUon and Huuna City
Tho Onlv Linn Connecting- with the
at Council liluffi, Leavenworth' and Kanin
C111UAUO AND A Lli fOlMTH KAHT.
Pullman Palace Bleeping and
Palace Dining Cars!
Accompany all through ExprenJ Train on
Tlckcta for ule by all connccUng rallwnys,
and connections nmJe lu uulon depots.
For full information recnrdlne rnte. maps.
ete., apply to any coupon agent of tli(. (), It.
or orineru raeina unu
panics, or to
11. n w r .Mfp . ...
Ticket Agent, O. It. a N. Co.,
CHAM. KKMKIIY, Ueu. Aeent,
No, 3 Washington St., - Portland, Ore,
E. A. HOLBHOOK.
den. Tkt. nnd I'uss. Agt. O. n. I. A P. 11. It.
Ulilcai,-!). in. h. r . liUVI).
Uen. T. and I. Agt. M, & Su I, li'y.
win nnueapoiis, iinu.
HU I Ul I Itf End this p(xr,w cbUin cttimttu
on adnrtiting ipu whn In Ch ca;o, will tmd it on M tt
45 to 49 Randolph St,
th Admtiilnf kit'.; of
Notary and Corporation Seals,
FOR ONLY FIVE DOLLARS EACH,
The usual price for seal made by other
parties, In Portlund or the Kant, is from tUOO
o $7.00, with ezpresi clmrccs added. If you
need a seal, send your order to us, and save
from J2.ro to 13.00 thereby.
East Oregonian Pub. Co,,
ACCIDENTS WILL HAPPEN I
They do happen every day, and when one
happens to you, you will wUli that
you were Intured In the
TRAVELERS INSURANCE COMP'Y,
THE Tn.VEi.EKS' resources ore sufficient to
pny at once the most enormous hums of
claims that even great rallroud and steam
boat accidents can bring upon It. Pay all
claims, without discount, Immediately upon
reculpt of satisfactory proofs, Non Forfeiture
provisions in all Its policies,
Ten Millions of Assets. Two Millions
PAID POIJOV HOLl)KUH,$H0000,
Clopton & Jackson,
East Oregonian building, rendleon, Or.
VMI.r.1 Hlnk nn,l none to Karone.
New Yoiik. April 0. Villuid loft Now
Vnrt Wfltinemlnv for KltrODO. ft Ven' HICK
limn. Ilolmsbccu suirorinK during tho
winter with rhounuH. m. Tho change in
hlw nimMininco dnrinir tho last fow
weeks is startling. It is hoped that a
two months' vacation at wirisnt'd win
restoro his health. Sinco his rottiru hero
in tho full of 1880,Vil!ardhas Iwcn u vory
lie Thinks the War Is Orsr.
Vabiiis(iton, April fl. Sonator Daniel
Introduced to-day u bill to rojieai tlio soe
tion of tbo revised statutes wnlclt pro
vides that no person who sorved in any
capacity in tlio military or naval servico
of tho so-called Confederate fctatcs, or
any States in insurrection during tho late
wur, shall bo upjwinted to any jiositlon
in tho U. h. army.
Ni:w Yoiik, Ajirll 0. Itecorder Smytho
to-day sentenced tue muruorer, ntiuiuu.
to imprisonment for life. Ilo wus tried
for tho murder of his daughter, and
wus convicted last night of murder in
the second degreo.
No l'maress In the House.
Washinoton, Anrll fl. The situation
in tho IIouso is unchungod. Tho day
was spent in roll calls and lillllmsici'iug,
At 6 :!10 tlio House took a recess till to
Flood at Mnnkato.
Sr.tai'AUi.. Minn.. April 'J 0. Many
hout-es on Hats ut Munkato aro flooded up
to tbo middle windows, ino river is
Certificate Dealers Arinlttel.
Ran Fhanciwco, April ((. Melxuui, olio
of tho Chincsu certillcatu dealers, bus
lxion acnuittcd. In tho Cinrlco case tlio
jury stood 11 to 1 In favor of uemdttal
flemucii's Wuees not Attachable.
San FitANcibCt), April (). Judgo Finn,
of tho Kuporior Court, lias rendered i
doeroo that under tho laws of tlio Unitot
Stutcs, the wages of seamen engaged in
the coasting trudo cannot bo uttttchod for
Portland Itepuullcans In Convention.
Pohti-ani). April 7. Tho Multnomah
Republican County Convention ia in
session. No nominutLns havo yet been
Ciiicaoo, April 0. Kmployoos of tho
railroad company have tipiealed to tbo
company for arbitration, but tlio ameal
was neglected. Gonoral Manager Stone
urged Sargent to havo tho havo the
striko doclarcd oir, promising if this was
done, to consider applications from old
employes, and to givo as many of them
work as ho could. Tlio Iirotlierliood say
thoy cannot consent to havo tho men
tukeu back only in batches.
Ohkuoo. April 0. Twenty yard-mas
tors of tho Iiurliugton road struck lust
night, Thoy filled vory important ikwI-
tions, which it will bo dliljcult for tbo
companies to fill. This movement on the
part of tho yard-masters is a haul blow to
tbo country just ut this tituo, when tlio
recent raising of tlio blockade has flooded
their yards with freight. From this
movo, It looks as if tho light was not yet
over. , ,
Wasiiinuton, April 0. Tho President
sent to tlio Senate to-day tlio names of
Brigadier General Georgo Crook, to bo
Mayor General, and John It. Urooks, of
tho Third Infantry, to Imj Brigadier Gon-
Child Killed by a Hack or Wheat.
Ciiico, Cal., April 0. Tho four-year-old
daughter of II. II. Gaston, was play
ing in a warehouse on her father's ninth,
whon a heavy sack of wheat liecamo dis
lodged, and fell to tho floor, crushing tho
child under it. Sho died in a fow hours.
Teller criticised tho statement of Me
Phcrson as to tho country being within
sixty days on u silvor basis, with gold ut a
premium, if tlio amendment should bo
cotno a law Ho declared thoro was
nothing in tho financial experience of tlio
country, or tbo world, that would justify
the stiitomont that if f 250,000,000 of silvor
coin woro put on tho market any differ
ence would )hj mudo in tlio lolatlvo value
of tho silver dollar and silver bullion.
Ho denied that there was any intrinsic
value In money, whothor gold, silver or
patter. It had simply it value corres
ponding with its ability to absorb things.
Tho silver iiuestion, ho Raid, did not cut
any particular figure in tho ponding bill.
Tlio amount of silver that would bo coined
under tho llcck umendment would bo In
significant, and would havo little or no
i.,1Im. .,,. mi tlm vahm of (divert but it
many instances ( would loll tlio world that tho great silver-
prodlldhL' l' Villi 'V ' I UIO worm wan nmio-
tlllll 111:11 II 11111 1101 1I1UUU U lllimuu i 11 nun
it pattlallv roinoiioll.ed Mlor, and that
ulmi liv mIi.ii It nrotiusuil to U'O on until
tiinrn wus a eomii eiu recuuiuii ui mnn
na n iiinnov motal in all resiHJCts with
Tim nunHtioii was taken on Heck's
uinendmont, nnd it was agreed to, 37 to
13. . . . ...
),mh nfr,roii nn liinniiiimont (iircci
liitr iim iiurchuso nnd cancellation oi
bonds with tho 10,000,000 of gold in tho
treasury for tho redemption ot icgai ten
v.iru-,1 luvnii if no protonuca to say
tbat legal tender notes wero not u dobt,us
ulinwii nnnii tlii'lr face.
Itcagan said that technically thoy woro
,lntl l.nt Tirnrtlnilllv tllOV WOrO I11O110V.
Tlio easiest way to reduco tho surplus
aud relievo taxation was ty uio adoption
of his nmondmont. ,
letter Itcagan withdrew ins unionu
,v.. . . . ....,.,..
Sherman moved to amenu ihcko
,.w,,i..iit i,v HiiliHtltiitlntr silver liulilon
for Hllvnr coin over tho two millions
monthly, but tlio presiding olilcor ruled
it out of order.
Sliermun said ho know his nmondmont
was not in ordor, but wanted to show tho
Senttto a phase of tho matter which has
not been thoroughly cxatuineu py ino
committee. Tho Sonator from Toxos had
llinrn lilie LTOUt distress ill
r,rv.. T,, - , " ,.l 11.1..
i n ennntrv. nuermau unriumuu mm
.i: UJ i f,., runt tlmi. tlm Admlnistnt'
umiiunn lu imu --- -
Hon had not executed tlio law giving it
full imu'nr to um tliu surplus ill tho pur
chase of Iwnds. Tlio Domoeratlo IIouso
bad also refused to puns tlio ftonaio um
ullnwiiiif national bank currency to bo
. -. " .. A f ,..-..1. .1.
KHiinil to tlio Illll Ulliuiim oi uuiurn nu
Hhorman sioko of tho overthrow of tho
nutionul banks as something that would
im .i f.mtlu-r in tlio can ot ino iemocratiu
party,aud yet the national bank currency
was tlio liest that over existed. Ho stood
thoro to dofond tho national banking sys
tnm whli-li was insidiously sotiuht to lxj
overthrown by various propositions sub
mittiui to tlio phi. inurujiuu oven uii
nir.irt In iinilnrinlno ItOVOrsillCO till) Duill
ocratlo party camo into iovor. Ho would
not sav tliat of tho executive head of tho
administration, but ot tho representatives
who cumo mutiny irom ino nouiiiont
Ho was willing to do all that can lio
dono to uialntaiu silver, provided tho
Senato stands by him In maintaining tlio
two metals at a parity with each other,
until, by common consent of tli nations
of tbo world, there may lw a ratio fixed
iniiirnurlllltL' tllll lirCSUllt 0110
Allison said ho had voted for tho Hock
amendment respecting silver, and saw
...,ii.i.,,, I,, It Hint liml u tendency in tho
HllirhtoHt docrco to alarm tho twoplo of
presented after the lapse of years, sinco
settlement in full was madu and receipts
given; after tlio opitortunitv which had
peon ofTorcd for establishing further
claims, If thoy existed, and when, as a
conecquoneocf tho contractor's neglect,
tlio government wouut laoor untier grcuv
government wouiu moor uuuur sreav -' i.. ,1.,,' .,i.tl,t . ,.nm,nt
dlsadvantaccs in Its defense. I am oi ?". . ' , "tn.;
pinion, in view of ll.o history ot ...o - - r;
1 tno suspicion naiuruiiy oxcumi ,,, ,
rliiliiis unit tbo Musnicion naturally
us to their morit, that no injustice will bo
Idiio if tnoy aro laid at rest insieiui oi
lieing given now lifo and vigor in tlio
court of claims."
TAHIFF AN1 tVAOKS.
Speech of Krerstt I. Wheeler Ilafore Hie
Tar I IT Itefomi Ianue.
Tlio nticstlon wo nro to discuss, my
friends, is tills. Ib tho wago earner lion
efittcd by the protective ixilley as embod
ied in tlio present tarlir? It is not it
theoretical intention to lw discussed, as
were tnoso wo Handled wnen wo wero
liovs in our debating societies. It is a
mention of tlio utmost importuuro to
every ono of you indeed to every man,
woman and child in America. Tho time
has como when tlio taxes aro mucli more
than wo need each year to supiort tho
government and pay tho interest on. tlio
debt and all of the principal that wo aro
niiin tn iniv. Tu allow this money to
ucciimulato In tlio Treasury is wasteful.
A FltF.F. I.IIIHAUV.
1'ntron of tho Dully or 8einlWeWy
KAHT Olti:tlONIAN can freely mukii usn
of the F.ASI' tltt:(!ONlAM library when
ever they mi desire. The public nro cor
dially Invited to vlult tho iilllce nhrufver
ililrd Productiveness of tlm labor.
The protective system, as embodied in
tlio existing ttiriir, reduces tlio wages of
the wago-earner in every one of those
partleul'irs. And tho errors oi this sys
tem, so fur as thoy are honest errors, aro
duo ton failure to appreciate this Impor
tant practical truth to which I havo
called your attention.
piminisiikp pi:manp kou i.aiiou.
In tlio first placo, it diminishes tho do
main! for his labor. Wo make good car-
jiets in this country as good as are mauo
imvsvlii.ru In tlin world. cannot ox-
port tt liecuttso oi tno tax on mi iiiaiun.
Vo mako the liest brass gooils In tho
world, but wo cannot export them lio
causo of tho duty on copper. Wo mako
excellent paints, but wo cannot export
them liecauso of tho duty on tho lead out
of which thov aro made. Take tho wholo
tarlir list from beginning to end. Thoro
is no tax In It which does not diminish
tlio demand for American labor by im
posing burdens upon the materials out of
which American goods aru made.
There Is tho great Urltannia Company.
They mako plated goods of tho liest uuul
itv. In making these goods thoy need
nickel. Years ago, when this metal wbb
discovered in tho mines of Austria, tho
minors called it nickel liecauso thoy could
mako nothing of It. Hut our friend Mr.
Wharton, of Pennsylvania, who haptens
to own the only important nickel mine
in the United States, bus found out nwav
to mako it vory good thing out of it. If
Congress had passed n law making him
tlm Ihtko of Lancaster nnd ulven him n
It ought to bo lu the pockets of tlio ioo-1 !KjnHon f '.o,000 it year, you would have
"V1 1 fiiltiMl It n wicked waste of tho tax-payor'rt
money, a heavy bunion ujhiii industry, a
setting up of a privileged class opjiosod
to tno genius 01 American iiimiuuiunn.
Hut In all except the name Congress
does this very tiling whon it puts so
heavy a duty upon 'nickel that manufac
turers are comielled tl pay Mr. Wharton
what ho chooses to ask for tlio product of
pie, where It will do the most good; and
tho miestlon that Congress must decide is
whothor tho taxes shall lo reduced on
imported articles or on whisky, uicso
two (treat sources o rovuiwu, unu
v. . . f-t .1 i t
ono or tno oilier must no uiminituicu. n
tho protective system as omliodiod in tno
present tarin is pcnoueiai to uio uko
earner, thon certainly it ought to bo con
tinued. In this mutter tho interest oi , , , H Now mark the result. Tho
those who earn their living by day s ,.. imu iK!! 0,uud to build a
wages Is of tho very lirsi iinioriunco. fcl,;ry f t'anada where it can get nickel
Hut wlio are the wage-earners? ""t fa0 of tax, aud wltli tlio prmlucts of this
alono tho workors in our great factor es, ..,.-.. i. Hiumlles tho demand for tilatod
who are tho ticrsons tho proteciioi sis i , , Canada and in Hngland. All
in..i i.. i-iir i'iiit . n --- . ... .
latin aro ponouueu ny mu mini, XH ,nj,t junt as well havo Peon uono in
nan who labors on tho farm, or lt. f. , , utatos if It woro not for tho
the clerk who toils un ,or I)0nsionof 20,000, more or less, that a
tlm (inL'Incer. tho conductor, tlio lirako- f ....nr ..uiu vnn in nnv to
men who run tho railway train. These I lr Wharfon, of I'ennsylvania.
aro nil wago earners. I hey unit their , r ,.HHOr wltliout fear of contra-
famillos constltuto tlio largo majority oi .Ht-tlon. tltat if tlio manufacturers of plated
tlm tuinnln nf HiIm country, and. us Mr,
... . . 1 ,.,r, VI f..,l ... I
Vi ouster saui: -tno groat inieremn oi
this country uro so united and insepara
ble that agriculture, cummurco ami man-
uiacturcs will prosper together or lan
guish together. All legislation is dangor-
ouh wiiieit proposes to iwneiii ouu oi
thoso wltliout looking to lioconsequencoB , 1U f
which may fall on tho others." 1-or my-1 ,U)S0 ,
sell, 1 am inorougiuy iiernimucu. um nn
tlio result of theory but of practical ob
servation, that tlio protective system, as
embodied in tlio present systum, does not
bonollt, but injures the wago earner, and
not only tho wago earner on tho farm, or
in tho counting houso, or on. tlio sea, but
tlio wago earner in tlio factory; in short,
overy ono of you who hoars my voice, ami
.. 'a li ,., l I . .. ... It.......
tiiereiore it is mat i iihk you n imiuu m
what 1 havo to say, to cast aside nil prej
udice and to look at tho facts just as thoy
goods in tills country could get tlioir
nickel Iroo ot tax tnoy count suppiy
markets of tho world. Tho demand for
labor would bo increased, und of neces
sity tlio wages of tho laborer would go up.
i Hut no; our Industry may sutler, our la
borers lio deprived oi work, our oopio
nits of their skill uuucntcrpriso
may perish, but let Air.
Wharton levy his annual tux and mislead
tho jieoplo by calling It protection to
Lot art and learnlnir, trade and 'commerce
Hut leave us still our old nobility.
HAW MATKIIIA1, TAXKP.
Iii tliu second pluco, tlio protective sys
tem us (unbodied in tlm existing tarlir
diminishes tho wages of tlio American
wago earner, and injures Instead of Imjiio
tiling IiIiii by increasing tlio piico of tho
material on which ho lalsjrs. Tho wool
out of which our carpets are madu pays u
it unters tliu country, hvory
tho country, as resiiccts sliver coinage
Tim ullvorlou Hiiition of 1H7H hud licen
lm tboueht. fullv und thoroughly jiistl
fled, lt would not havo lxson jwssiblo
lmvn miiliitnlned resumption without
Ho wunted to say to all business man
who might lie alarmed lest wo coined
million or two of silvor tills year more
than wo ought to, tliut there would bo no
danger ol an overilow ot gout.
MnlMinmmi moved to add tO tllO bill
"Pmviilnil. that liothillli ill tills act sllllll
uuthorizo tlio Secretary of tho Treasury to
coin mora than H.ooo.wu worm ior
Ktowurt moved to lay tho amendment
on tho table, and without action tlio Son
Tlio entire day Wednesday in tho
Houso was consumed in dilatory mo
Homi. At 10:30 the prosiiect was thoro
would bo an all-night session of the same
Tlm following postolllces were ostaii
ington, Cowlitz county, und at Norman,
uli Mtinitv. W. T. James C.
Hernard, John Sedgwick, Jolin J. I' idler,
J. S. Hatninond and N. K.'Ioolowero
aniiointed postmasters of tlio respective
"'i;cH .... t ,t
Tho vueunev caused by tho resignation
of J. F. Khoiles.postmaster ut Wlllsbiirg,
Multnomah county, Oregon, was filled by
Wm. K. Willis lieing upiointeil jiost-
niastor at that olllie.
Hopresontutivo Horinanti filed a jieti-
tion with tlio H)stmaster-goneral asking
fur mull Kcrvicu tliroUKhtho nowly settled
country from Keno, on Klamath lake, to
Mount Shastn.Slsklyou county, California,
upon which linolio has secured tho estub
Ishiiiont of jiobtollices ut Oats Itanch,
l'ecurd'H and Hall's ltnncli.
Tlio lVesidont has vetoed tho bill for
WAHT OOOI) WAOKS PKCKHII l rM.
Tlio wages oi it wago earner uuinjuu ,..v .
uiMjii tlireu tilings: ytir(l of (.arK3t ,;0HtH tlio consumer fifteen
First Demand and supply. 0ltH )noro wvmM 0f tlio duty on wool,
Second-riio cost of niatorlal. a1(l ja (,,H ,.limto tl0 ,jor and con-
T ilnl-Tho elllcieney of tlio lalwr. ()f . j t.llr,K,,H H H V((ry ln,wr.
Tin, II rut in Mlllllllv mill (IOlllIlllll. II . .. . ,. .. ,1 ....ilo ,1...
, - HUH IlUrrllll. III! '", twin un
there are more lalsirers to do ti purtictiiar , i,ollHPkt.eiier more: overy tin
Kinil Ol wort lliuu uiuio in .. i. i f mm,llHm) mo 10111 oi tin
A.. .1.. II...I. ii.n,i,id k ilntl'll II Ill.lTJt IU . .. . li .
more work to Isj dono than thei" uro nl of tolimUH.H f,r oysters costi
men to do it their wages go up. lliis s 1()ro (() )Il0 tll(cr 0f mwo tonmtooi
tlio first thing. .. or oysterr liccausu of tlio tax on tin plates
Tho second is tlio cost of tho matoriul j,,v ' , of costs tho woman win
on which tlio men are working. 11 ii wlarS ft ,oro Imjchuso of tho tax on dy
tailor has 100 coats to mako and the Mu). uverv ixiiuul of paint costs mon
cloths nnd trimmings cost lilni 1,HX) ho l)0l,UUH0 ()( flio tux on load; overy houst
can uil'ord to pay and will pay higher (0((tfl moro j,ccu,1(,0 0 ,lu ,ax tlmi 1H iov
wages for making them than if tliu same ,e(, 0J Uj(J IuuturujH 0( -vvliich it is coir
cloth and trimmings cost ilm -,00o. i Md TJl0 ruHuU (jf llirt irt Ut u,
IHlMirVO. 1 110 HOI SaV IIIUl lunuin um
tlio workman aro diininishcc
paid more for working on interior goo s. , . , , .. moru for j,rt foot
his clothes, mill Ills rent or live in
rbo following postolllces were osiap
liedtAt Contral.Owyheo county, Idaho;
Fern,' Curry county, Or.; at Clear
ook, Whatcom county, W. T. ; ut Ixix-
Hut what I do say is that If tho cloth bo
tin. Kimiii tlm cheaper tlio material the
letter tho wages, and that for two rea
sons. In tho llrst place tlio price of tho
material lielm.' reduced tho manufacturer
is ablo to pay liettor wages, and vol sells
litumvwin ut ii k'MHcr nrico: und second,
Hmt'ivwlH whon sold being cheaiier tlio
demand for tliem at once I
this increases tlio domain
u-nrk lliwin tbolll.
The third element in determining tlio'
rate of wages Is tlio productiveness of la
bor. A man who Is energetic and Indus
trious aud thorough lu his work will ul
always get Iwtter wages than a man who
is not. I know that in soma trades an en
deavor lias lcen inado to compel em
ployers to pay all workmen of the same
grade tlio same wages, lrresectivo of
their skill ami oHoetlvoness. Hut these
aro exceptions, brought about by inter
ference with tliu freedom of contract be
tween tlio workman ami employers, and
tlio numlier is oxcecdingly small. In all
trades tlio journeyman is paid more than
as another is wortli twice as much, and
ho ought to bo laid twice us mucli, ami,
unless somelssiy stuos in 10 piovunv h,
lie always will iMijiaid more.
To repeat tlio threo elements that
practically Influence tlio rate of wages
First Demand and supply.
Second Cheapness of material.
,j ' Ti7,, which tnoso nouses were imui, i ci
, "ftvo built tivo witli the same moi
i iilJ 111 Tlio savings in the cost of material wc
I for labor to ,myo Jj forwlll?CH. This would li
poorer lioiuo und uet idong with less too
Some years ago I hud occiudon to bull
four houses. 1 found that, If it bud in
been for tlio tax uixiu tho muterials
which those houses wero built, 1 con:
increased tlio demand for carpenters ui
bricklayers, anil would havo diminlshi
tlio rents thoy would pay for aiiartmoii
In the houses when (hushed. Instead
this, their wages did not incrcaso, tin
rents wero higher, and tho monoy tb
would havo gone into their pickets c
rlclied tho Michigan lumber barons ul
tho Providence Screw company.
While I am on tlio subject of lious
let tnu tell you ouu oxtiaordluury fi
that 1 would like overy cltlcn of Host
to lay to heart, Since Priuco lllmim
compelled Ilaiuburg to submit to u h.
I protective turilf thoro has not been
' house built hi that city, Heforo t
... ... . ,,i,.,i,, Ililllnu lllllll. Ill null till, iiraiiu
laliorer, t ie ski led a l''""'0, ' (V tln.o it was a frco )K,rt and one of
the unsk lied laborer, and ho s u t , , j,,
i liecauso ho earns more. A u us raoncitided next Mimday.J
can lay twice as many bricks in a day
Ilanior'ri Weekly says;
and ribald Hpeech of Mr, Ingalls, wli
was designed. to sliinulalo the worst pi
passions, Is' one of tlio many signs of
deplorable decadence of tlio Kopubli
Tbo .Morrow county Democratic i
I ventiou will bolield May 6.