Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887, October 08, 1886, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    tflfe(y ( rFiyiiX'TVTltf'ip iKJvijR0 "Wl0?55. '
VX)L. XVIII.
OREGON PIONEER HISTORY.
SKETCHES OP EARLY DAYS. MEN AN
TIMES IN TUE FORTIES
I1V S. A CLARKE.
CoprUhUppllsii br. All rljhti reserved.
NUMBER XXXVI.
Reminiscences or William Martin, Sheriff of
Umatilla County.
DR. m'louohlin's liberality.
Whon tho immigrants reached Wnlln
Walla thoy loft thoir cattlo there, mak
ing a trado with tho Hudson Hay com
pany in chnrgo of tho fort to tako their
worn-out stock and exchango thorn
good Spanish cattlo in plnco of it. Tho
Amorican cattlo were, of course, much
moro valuable Tito next year the
Applegatcs and others wcro going up
tho Columbia aftor their cattle. Wlion
Dr. McLoughlin lnarncd of tho ex
chango ho refused to sanction it. "Tut,
tut, tut," said ho. "You can't do any
thing with my cattlo; they aro as wild
as doer. Tako your own cattlo." This
is an exnmplo of his great liberality and
of his unafl'ectod way of showing it.
So tho Applcgatos, Hurnctt, Ford and
others took thoir clioico American stock
down to tho Willamottc. Tho good
doctor was not willing to tako from
them tho stock thoy had brought so far,
though tho oxchango was greatly to his
own advantage
Martin tells amusing stories of tho
effect of ovoroating on tho half starved
emigrants when thoy camo to get hotter
food. Tho first instanco was on reaching
tho American falls, whero tho Indians
traded them dried salmon. Thoy gavo
two shirts for a sack of pomican. This
was a pleasant chango and (hoy ato so
much of it that it swelled and mado
somo of them quite ill. At Tho Dallos,
Waldo traded with A. F. Waller, in
chargo of tho Methodist mission thcro,
giviug thrco poor cattlo for two fat ones.
Thoy jerked tho meat for future use,
and Joo Black, who crossed with Waldo,
bocamo ill from partaking too freely of
tho fresh meat. Ho ato no moro tho
balance of tho journoy. At Vancouver
thoy got salt salmon and potatoes and
all got sick from ovoroating. After n
long journoy whoro food had been
Bcarco and thoy had lived for months
on jerked meat and bacon, any chango
was a luxury and tho temptation toovcr
eat irresistible
When thoy camo down tho Columbia
mm inou 10 lorn H near iiooti rivor,
somo animals woro lost. Thoy finally
got Indians and canoes, and whilo tho
Indian paddled across, ono man held
ropes that buoyod up four cattlo or
horses and in tin's manner all crossed
safoly.
FUN FOR TI1K EMIGRANTS.
Wm. Hill, who now lives in Washing
ton county, had a pair of olkskin pants,
tho leather of which was not smoked or
tanned. After a rainy day nnd con
siderable work in wator on tho trip
down tho Columbia, Hill went to bleep
with his wet pants on, and thoy dried
on him as nny rawhido naturally does.
When ho awoko ho was in a tight place,
sure enough. So far as his lowor limbs
wero concorned ho couldn't move They
finally slid him into tho rivor and lot
him stay there long onough to soften
las lower garment Then thoy drew
him out and took offhia trousers. After
wards tho boys rigged them astride of a
mule. All those things mado fun, and
good humored jokes kept tho train alivo
and in a pleasant tpmpor. Tho vnluo
of a joko depends greatly on tho attend
ant circumstances.
This reminds tho author of another
story of those times where a young man
and his sister wore making the journey,
and wero draped in tho mountains near
the river. He had spread his blankets
under a groat fir, and tho drippings of
rain had fallen on his bod and frozen
tho blankets together and he in them.
SALEM,
Ico makes n warm covoring when
properly applied, and ho slept soundly
to nwakoimpri8onod. Hj could noithor
stir hand or foot, and calling to his mind
tho stories told of Oregon back in Mis
souri ho called out : "Jane, Jane, como
hero and help mo up. Horo I am, in
this hind of eternal summor, porpclual
flowers and sunshine, frozen down stiff
and solid." Jano camo with an nx and
cut him loose, and tho young man was
himself again.
VARIOUS .MATTERS.
Aftor Waldo got sottlcd and his houso
built, ho went to Vancouver for winter
supplies nnd had transported thorn to
tho falls and was loading n boat nbovo
tho falls to mako tho trip in tho upper
W illamctto, wlion tno boat got looso nnd
wont over tho falls with nil his loading.
Ifo was obliged to return for a second
outfit.
When thoy wcro at last settled in tho
hills, tho" Waldo's looked up nil sorts of
supplies. Somo ono said that roasted
acorns mado a good substitute forcoffoo,
but tho ncom soason was over. Thoy
found many nests of wood rats, built
among hazel thickots, so thoy hunted
thcro and robbod tho rats of thoir storo
of acorns; but acorns don't mako any
substitute for coffee, and thoy wont back
to parched grain or bonus ngnin. Gen
uine coffeo wa, nbovo pioneer means in
thoso days.
When tho Cayuso war camo, Mnrtin
was in English's company as orderly
sorgcant. Aftor Col. Clilliam'B acci
dental death, it was necessary to send to
Tho Dallos nflor supplios. Captain
English wished to go down, but Major
Maxar insislod on his right as tho
senior ofllcor. Tins inconscd English,
who returned homo, having disbanded
his company. About half wont and tho
rost remained, and a now company was
organized, Wm. Martin being oloctcd
captain. Thoy remained nlno months
in tho field, until nil emigrants of that
yenr woro safely in.
rich mnai.VGs in California.
In tho spring of 1819 Martin wont to
tho mines. Thoro wcro six in company
and thoy had agreed that if thrco bo
camo ill tho rest should bring them
home Thrco bocamo ill and tho others
curao back with thorn. Martin returned
in October, M9, mid remained until may,
1850. That winter was sovoro in north
ern California nnd miners thoro could
not reach tho lowor Saoromonto for
supplios. Food was $3 a pound, much
stock diod and many killed and nto
their mules. It cost an avcraco of 10
a day to live It took nn ounco ($10) to
buy' a pair of brogans. When tho
camp got out of moat Mnrtin quit his
rockor, that averaged over $50 a day
and mnny days yielded 5100, and evon
$200, to go hunting. Ho was tho best
hunter in camp nnd in sixteen days'
tinio sold venison at 75 cents per pound
,to tho valuo of $1112, though others
sold for $1.25 a pound. Only that thoy
made enormous wages for thoir mining
they could not havo lived, and as it was
living was costly.
"I'LL B-ll-lH'Y m'louuiili.n's mill."
Ono of tho successful Oregon minors
was Samuel Chaco of Oregon City, who
still lives. Chaco had an impediment
in his speech, nnd tho moro excited ho
was tho worso ho stammered. In thoso
days tho greatest thing in Oregon was
McLoughlin's mill, at Oregon City.
Probably if any man's ambition of
wealth could havo found expression iu
words it would havo rison no higher
than to own McLoughlin's mill. Chaco
had cleaned off his top dirt and was
pnnning tho bedrock and its crevices
when ho found there was more weight
of gold than dirt. Ho had S1000 to the
pan, nnd went ns high ns $3000 to a
single pan of that crovico dirt. Ho was
washing off his first rich panful, ond
whon ho saw tho gold grow thick and
thicker his emotions at last found utter-
anco in stammering forth :
"By gosh, b-b-boye, I'll bb-buy Mc-
OREGON, FRIDAY,
L-Loughlin's m-nwnill, I'll bb-buy Mo-L-Louglilin'a
mill." Tho ambition of
an Orcgoninn could climb no higher
than that. Clmco nftcrwards struck
a rich silvor lodo, and it was considered
his property, but ho would not claim it,
nnd Ills excuse, or rather explanation,
for not locating on it was : "S-s-silvcr
won't p-p-pay for trans-p-p-portation."
So the Chaco family aro not numbered
among tho silver kings of America.
In 1850 Dan Waldo and Martin wont
with Joo Lano to mako a treaty with
tho Itoguo Kivor IndiaiiB. In 1851 ho
drovo cattlo to'Yroka and remained
thcro olovon yoars in business, thon
camo oacK io uregon mm locatoil on
Granite creek, n mining region in Grant
county. Ho remained thcro until 187!!,
then moved to Umatilla county, and it
would bo hard to say if thcro is another
man in that county as popular as ho is.
HEAVER COINAGE OF THE PIONEERS.
Ono of tho oxlensivo acts of sover
eignty in any nation was tho coinage of
gold and silvor, nnd history will always
rccito with Interest tho fact that tho
provisional government of Oregon as
sumed that prerogative When gold
was discovered it found tho pcoplo who
dug It almost destituto of monoy and
unablo to do business conveniently. Tho
gold found in ono initio differed in
valuo from anothor, nnd whilo much of
it was worth $18 nn ounco, tradors took
advantngo of tho uncertainty to buy
gold dust from $11 to flC. Tho legis
lature of Oregon passed an net tho first
wintor 1818-9 nftcr gold was discov
ered, nnd boforo tho great rush to Cali
fornia actually begnn, authorizing:
"Tho assaying, molting and coining of
gold," which was only provontod from
being enforced by tho establishment of
a territorial govornmont by Congress.
Hut privnto onterpriso was nwako to tho
importanco ns well ns tho profit in such
work, and a company of old timors,
lionoors who had proved oqual to what
ovor omorgonoy had arison, organized to
carry out tho schomo tho legislature
had logulicd. Thoso men woro Kilburn,
Magrudor, Tnylor, Smith, Abornethy,
Wilson, Hector nnd Cnmpholl. Their
respective initials circled around ono
sido, tho central figure of which was a
beaver, it was therefore callod "Heaver
Monoy." On tho rovorso side was "Ore
gon Exchango Company. 130 grains
Nativo Gold, 5d." Ton dollar pieces
corresponded.
Tho dios wero mado by Hamilton
Campboll, who was for somo timo con
nected with tho Methodist mission and
ono of tho most onorgotio andontcrpris-
ing uion of that tiuio,butHincedoccasod.
Tho press and rolling mill woro mado
by W. H. Hector, who removed to Cali
fornia many yoars later Tho work was
remarkably well dono, considering tho
circumstances, nnd tho monoy circulated
freely for somo years. As "dust" could
bo exchanged for tho coin and was
currently sold nt much less than its
value, it must havo boon a prolitablo
venture, but whon United States coin
wns abundant our provisionnlspociowns
quickly retired. Tho "oxchango com
pnny" very honestly mado thoir coin 8
percent, better than pur, and "beavor
monoy" went rapidly to tho melting pot,
when othor coin camo into use At tho
prosont timo such coins command a
high valuo as relics of tho old time, and
only n few are in existonco in privato
collections. In California $50 slugs,
hexagon in shnpc, woro mado nnd
passed current. Tho writor had a pay
ment of some thousands mado in such
coin iu Oregon as late as 185!),
Shortness or Bream.
Dr. Flint's Heart Hkmkdv should bo
taken at once when Blight exertion or a
hearty meal produces shortness of breath
or pain iu tho region of tho hoart. At
all druggists, or J. J. Mack it Co., 9 nnd
11 Front st., 8. F.
Scrofula and all forms of scrofulous
diseases, aro rapidly purged away by tho
uw jxjvro orujumiu.
OCTOBER 8, 1880.
Weathor Report ror September, 1880.
Fola, Oct. 2, 18S0.
Editor Wlllamolto Farmers
During Soptcmbcr, 1880, thero woro
7 days during which rain foil, and" an
aggrogato of 1.08 inches of water; thcro
wcro 15 clear, 0 fair nnd 2 cloudy days,
other thnn which rain fell.
Tho mean temperature for tho month
was 02.10 deg.
Highest daily moan tciiipcnitura foi
tho month, 77 deg. on tho 11th.
Lowest daily mean temperature for tho
month, 53 deg. on tho 20th.
Mean temperature for tho month at
2 o'clock p. m., 72.53 deg.
Highest temperature for tho mouth, 91
at 2 p. m. on tho 10th and 11th.
Lowest temperature for tho month, 17
deg. at 7 a. m. on tho 20th.
Tho prevailing winds for tho month
wcro from tho north during 17 days,
Houlli 9 days, southwest l days.
During Sopiombor, 1885, thcro woro
9 rainy days and 2.07 in, water; thero
woro tt clear, 0 fair, 2 cloudy and 7
smoky days.
Mean tcmicrnturo for the mouth
01.03 deg.
Highest daily mean temperature for
tho month, 07 dog., on tho 1st nnd 22d.
Lowest daily mean tcmicrnttira for
tho month 51 deg. on 10th.
T. l'KARCK.
David Cole & Co , 8tovos and Tinware.
Messrs. Colo it Co. havo n largor etook
than ovor and aro doing n great trado.
Thoy kcop in store ovory varioty of
stovo suited to our country and climate,
for cooking and heating, nnd nil house
keeping articles nnd fixtures possible to
think of. You could supposing n lady
reads spend half a day, as if in u mu
seum, examining tho various impiovo
mouts and articles in uho for house
keeping. Hut ho can furnish a full out
fit for n large dairy as well as for tho
kitchen ; ho deals in heating apparatus
for all uses, nnd what ho has not in
hand he can make Probably the most
important item of his great business is
tho steam generator ho is interested in,
which proves to bo valuable for all mo
tivo powers. Ono of these will bo in
oporatiou noxt week at tho Mechanics
Fair, ond thoso who attend must not fail
to notico it carefully.
Miller Bros-FIonU and Beeds.
Our old frionds, Millor Hros, are on
hand again with a livo ndvertisoment,
nnd wo can safely commend them as
worthy of patronage, reliable, sure to
havo tho best goods procurabloand anx
ious to suit. You want grass-seed alwut
now and should sow as much as you can
find place for. "Grass pays hotter thnn
wheat" is a text that wo havo written
upon repeatedly for somo years- back,
and timo has thoroughly proved it to bo
so. Millor Ilros. can fill nil ordors for
seeds, plants and trees, and by square
dealing havo worked into a safo and
paying trade.
Bee Reports.
Mr. J. D. Husk, of Milwaukio, proprie
tor of tho Hanner Apiary, writes us that
his bees this season brought him 1 per
colony, spring count; incroaso, 20 per
cent. This is tho only report that wo
havo heard of that shows any surplus
worth mentioning. Mr. Kauffman, of
Needy, anil Mr. Hrooks, of Silverton,
Mr. I'allis, of Melmma, and others, all
report that thoy will bo obliged to feed
to kcop their bees alivo during tho win
ter. Thoy havo no surplus.
Largost stock putent medicines, pure
drugs and medicines ot Port's.
StaUloa Wonted.
Wo hnvo n customer for a two or thrco
year old English druftor Clovveland Hay
stud. Apply at onco, giving price
Wm. J. Clarke, Salem, Or.
Wo advise you to havo all prescrip
tions filled at Port's drne store. 100
State street.
NO. 35,
Fackluu Fruit and Vegetables tor Market.
Many farmeia would market their
fruit if they could procure packagos to
puck it in and know how to handlo tho
various kinds. Wo publish today tho
business card of tho "Standard llox
Factory," J. Moser it Sons, whoso ofUco
in Portland is No. 11)2 Front strcot, up
stairs. This firm has a factory in Fast
Portland, adjoining tho Stark street
ferry. Thoy havo a largo run of trado
with Portland fruit doalors, for thoy
uso tho most improved machinory for
that work, nnd tho host of lumber. We
huvo bought of thorn cherry boxes, penr
nnd plum nnd prune boxes, ns woll as
boxes for dried fruits, and think any
fruit grower will bo Hafo in ordering,
and need only specify their wish for fir
or spruco l3xos. Tho difference iu
tho pricu is not great, nnd nlco goods
should havo nico packnges. Hoxcs tiro
soiit nlrcady sot up, or, if dosirod, nro
"knocked down." Tho chargo forsctling
them up (or putting togothcr) is small,
nnd unless a poison U prepared to do
tho work it might bo best to buy them
set up, especially if only n fow nro re
quired. Cornors nnd bottoms should
bo jointed with n piano nnd tho
comers rounded n trillo. If you send
tho shipper good fruit, carefully packed,
it will pay you better than to ship looso
or in untidy boxes that require repack
ing. 1 ruit suffers from improper hand
ling. Learn how to handlo your fruit
nnd tlolivor it in good order, and you
will rocoive a hotter price Mosor &
Sons havo mado us this season tho best
and cheapest boxes wo ovor used.
Spruce holds n nail well, docs not
split, has a fitio grain, weighs lens thnn
fir and is n lcautlfiil wood. Garden
products often go to wasto becauso thoy
don't know what to do with them. Cab
bago should bo packed in crates mado
of slats. Onions and potatoes nro usu
ally sacked ; ovory vegetable has its own
package, nnd Mosor it Sons know ex
actly what you want if you say what
uso it is for. Wo tako pains to clnlorato
on this subject becauso wo sco n need
that farmers should understand tho
pocking and shipping of fruits and
vegetables. Timos nro changing, and
such work will incroaso. Grapes should
bo nicely packed to soil well; so with
nil fruits nnd many vegetables. Melons
aro sometimes shinned iu bulk and
Hcmctimcs packed iu crates.
Nursery stock.
Mr, Settlomior, of Taugont, ns well as
his brothor, of Woodburn, are in our
columns ns nurscrymon. Now is tho
timo to plant out orchards, as wo preva
il! this isnuo, so it is scarcely necessary
to expand on tho matter of who to buy
of. Thoso who are convouiont to either
will bo apt to patronlo tho brother that
ho is noarost to. Wo my, and repeat it
strongly, sot orchards! Hot them now
and don't dofor, for "delays are danger
ous" is a truo old piovorb.
Medlcatod Neit-Ecgs.
An exchango says : Cut a holo in ono
ond of an egg, in big as this capital O.
In tho other put a phi hole Now blow
out tho contents, and you have tho
empty shell. Next mix plaster of Paris
and wator together, to tho consistency
of cream, and add n fow drops of car
Iwlia acid. Pour this into tho shell un
til it is filled, and in 21 hours it will bo
dry, and you will havo a medicated
nost-egg. Fivo cents worth of plaster
of Paris will mako n dozen, and tho
sumo amount of carbolic acid is suffi
cient to scout a hundred. The scheme,
though novel, has the merit of boing
practical. It is well known that car
bolic aoid is an insecticide, ns well as a
Kmcrful disinfectant.
In baking thin cakes to bo placed ono
ou the othor, to havo thorn como out
nicely, lowcn tho edgo with a knlfo, turn
tho cako down on a cloth, then lay a
wet cloth all over tho bottom of tho
pan Tho cako will drop out.