Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887, December 05, 1884, Image 1

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NO. 43
What Shall Farmers Ralna7
S.u.km, Or., Nov. 28, 1881.
Editor Willamotto Farmer :
This is becoming u serious question.
"When uiicnt is selling ntGOnud 55 cents
n bueticl it baroly covers tho cost of pro
duction, ro no profit nt nil in left to tho
prodilcor. 1 To dors not oven make ft liv
ing for liimsolf and family, much less i.i
ho permitted to ninko nny of tho ninny
needed improvements on his fnnu. Ho
is compelled to cither change his occu
pation or raise produce that will pay
him for his labor. Some nro turning
their attention to tho questionable bus!
noss of raising "hops'," while others that
filthy wood, "tobacco." Ueforo com
moncing nny business it is woll to de
cido uhothor it is right, not merely
whothor thoro is money in it. Wo aro
commanded to lovo our neighbor as
oursolvcs, and consequently no onu has
nny right to produce anything thnt ho
knows will bo an injury to mankind.
"Am I my brothers koopor," is s ques
tion for each ono to decido in tho light
of tho word of God. Ono who knows a
crimo is to bo committed and docs not
try to prevent it, is guilty of that crimo.
Ho who furnishes another with a weapon
knowing that it is to bo usod to commit
murdor is a murderor. Any ono who
manufactures whisky, or who wholesales
or retails it to bo used in making drunk
ards, is responsible for nit tho misory,
degradation and sorrow resulting from
it. All who raiso hops, or who tnako
boor or malt liquors of nny kind, as well
as thoso who uso it, mo accountable for
its results. All tobneco manufacturers,
dealers or users, ono nud all, nro answer
able for all tho evil effects arising from
greater variety, returning all tho man
ure to tho soil again to keep it in gpod
condition ; tako enre of what wo havo
nntl supply our own needs, depending
less on our neighbors, unless it be to fell
to them instead of buying of thorn.
1)i:xtek I'lEMlS.
Lottor irom Klamath County
21, 1581.
its use, which aro many, as none can
deny. Wo ns farmors havo no right to
produco anything and sell to our neigh
bor that will provo nu injury to him.
"Tho wages of sin is denth." Wo havo
no right to raiso hops or tobneco for tho
uses tnoy nro put to. wlint then can
farmora raiso? There aro many things
tlioy ran rniso which will bring n good
return and leavo ono with a good con
science. Diitter is shipped in hero by
tho ton from California and from tho
East. Thoro is always a demand at u
good prico for good butter. Let there
bo a constant and regular supply, and
if put in good slinpo, thoro will bo no
difficulty in selling it. It does not cost
near ns much to produco cheese hero ns
it docs Kast nud btill it brings u much
better prico. Let it bo sold cheaper and
tho demand will bo gicatcr and still it
will bo profitable. Comparing prices of
butter and cbecso in Portland and Xew
York wo find quito a difference in favor
of Oregon. Uutter is quoted (October
23, 18S1) in Xow York, fair to lino, at 11
to 11 cents; fancy, at 2(1 to .11 cents;
choese, best, nt 11 to 12 conts ; poor, nt 1
to 0 cents. Portland markots at tbo
snmo timo. woro quoted, butter nt 25 to
31 cents, and cheoso at 1ft to 17 cents.
If Eastern farmers can mnko a living in
tho dairy business, surely tho farmers of
Oregon can, where tho cost of l-eeping n
dairy is much less. "Will uot somo ono
who is engaged'in tho business here, say
neighbor Cranston or Ankcny, givo us
some of their experience in this business.
Then there is tho poultry business j
chickens nnd eggs always command a
high price, and thero is no dangor of
overstocking tho market. Decnusa our
friend Cioodhuo has made n failuro
in tho chicken business it does not prove
that it is n losing business, others in dif
ferent parts of the country aro making
it successful. Yogetnbles of diflorcnt
kinds nro shipped hero in largo quanti
ties ; onions nro brought hero by tho ton,
they may as well lxs raised hero ; the
sarao with cabbage, cauliflower and cel
ery. Fruit of many kinds grow well hero,
and if properly prepared for market
bring a good price. Let us raiso then a
LAXonu, Valley, Nov
Ktlltor Willamotto Farmer:
1 wrote n lettor to your paper about
tho 21th of last mouth 'concerning tho
general character of this country, and
since tho lettor was published I havo re
ceived numerous letters of inquiries from
different individuals regarding this part
of Oregon. I havo oven got letters from
the State of Massachusetts, from parties
who road your valuable paper, undsome
of thoso who write to mo seem to doubt
tho truth of my story. Now what I
write I feel that I am cntiroly lesjKmsi
blo for; I havo no ax to grind, ns somo
seem to bo afraid of. Only this, I want
to see this country sottlo up, nnd I want
to eoo poor peoplo get homes. It is only
my good will towards my fellow moil
thnt induces me to givo what liltlo in
formation I do, and I will repeat what I
said before, thoso desiring good homes,
in my opinion, can do no belter than
como hero nnd locato in this county.
Thero nro thousands of acres of vacant
prnirio land and timbor is plonty and
convenient for fencing nud fuel. It is
tho best grazing country on tho const,
and is a productive country us far ns
farming generally is concerned. Homo
of our Mrmors raised four hundred acres
of wheat, onts, barley and ryo this season.
Of courso all countries have their kid as
well ns good qualities.
o uo navo somo Irost in summer
season, yet not so eovoro ns to hinder us
from raising our own supplies, and thoso
who settled hero poor twelve years ngo
aro now largo tax-payers, nnd thero is
just as good n chanco now for n poor
man as thero over was. Our water here
is as pure as ovor flowed from tho earth.
To thoso dosiring any particular infor
mation regarding tho general features
of tho country I will gladly accommo
date them ns far as my ability will per
mit mo to do, if thoy will only ask me,
and to thoso who havo any doubts na to
my boing n man of truth and veracity, I
will refer thorn to nil tho county olllciuls
of this county (Klamath). I will answer
nil letters with pleasure. Address,
Simpson Wilson,
Langell Vnlloy,
Klamnth County, Oregon.
Weather Kefrort for November, 1884.
Eola, December 1, 188-1.
Editor Willamotto Farmer:
During Nov., 1881, thero woro!) days
during which rain foil, and an aggre
gate of 2.83 inches of water, 2 clear, 3
fair nud 17 cloudy days other than thoso
on which rain fell.
Tho mean temperature for tho month
was 4 1.91 deg.
Highest daily mean temperature foi
tho month, 55 deg. on tho 3d.
Lowest daily mean temperature for the
month, 35 deg. on tho 30th.
Mean temperature for tho month at
2 o'clock I-. ., 18.03 deg.
Highest temperature for tho month, 59
at 2 r. m. on tho 12th.
Lowest temperature for tho month, 30
deg. at 7 r. it. on tho 30th.
Frosts occurred on 18, 10, 20, 21, 22,
23, 29 and 30th.
Tho prevailing winds for tho month
were from tho north during 18 days,
south 8 days, south-wcf 1 4 days.
During Nov., 1883, thero was 13 rainy
days nnd 5.29 incho of water, 3 clear,
nnd 1 1 cloudy days.
Mean temperature for tho month,
45.90 deg.
Highest daily mean temperature for
tho month, 53 deg., on tho 10th.
Lowest daily mean temperature for
tho month 35 deg. on 24th.
T. Peabce.
It is interesting to rend tho difieront.
views expressed ns to tho cnuse of tho
existing Haui) Timi:?, tho whole world
over. Tho reason is simplo enough nnd
tho cause of it nil plain as a man's hand.
Tho world has ovor-produccd in moro
linos of manufactured goods and of
agricultural harvests. There is too
much wheat becnuso a great area has
boon added to tho wheat producing
country of tho woild. Thoro is too much
lumber mado nnd too much coal mined;
thero is over production of iron in tho ore,
in tho cast motal, that wrought iron and
nil niniiufnctures of iron nud utoel.
There is too much of cloth, woolens nud
cottons of nil horls.
Sup'ioso n mnnll island with no outlet
nnd only n fow people, every man lias
some trade to follow. .All woik hard for
a few years and gradually it is found
that every man lias produced twice as
much ns thero is need of. Thero is twice
too much products of the earth and of
clothes to wear nnd of utensils for all
sorts of work. Let us suppow that of
tho hundred or so of people somo nro in
debt. Tho man who has giain nud
vegetables owes n thousand dollars but
his stuff is all so choap and every body
is so well supplied ho cannot sell for cash
to raiso tho monoy to pay his creditor
off. Tills creditor, again, depends on
this farmer for monoy to pay what debts
ho owes nnd cnniiotcollcct, so cannot pay
his creditor. Here we have just tho con
dition that the whole world is apparently
in to-day. It needs no flno spun argu
ment to show what is tho matter what
causes tho hard timed.
Tho cause is not so important as tho
cure. "Wo havo plenty and too much
of everything but money. Tho world
hrts ns much money as ever, but capital
has n trick of hiding itself when times
nro hard. Tho man with monoy quietly
withdraws it from circulation nud keeps
it snffl in his pocket, or in his bank, or
in government bonds, or in somo security
ho is uot afraid of. Tins scarcity of
monoy always increases tho hard timos
and makes men mora desporate.
As to tho cure, thero may bo another
incidental reason why tho world is in a
tight place, bnsed on tho fact that labor
saving power is at work, guided by a sin-
glo child, or woman porlmps, yet it does
what fifty or less years ago it required a
dozen skilled workmen or work woinon U)
porform as well. Machinery is displac
ing labor in all tho walks of life and
work. Tho steam cngino, or olectrio
engine, or water jMiwer, or guss jowor,
all turn whcol.i and drive multitudes of
machines that nro nioroskilfull than over
human finger can becomo nnd moro to Lo
reliod on. A century ago, when there
were nono of those inventions that make
tho Nineteenth Conlury famous, our
grnndmothora spun ond wovo and
all tho world was hard at work. Even
nails were hammered out then, or
not long before. The world had no
cook stoves or ranges, no matches, no
iudia rubber or gutta percha, uo steam
onginos, no gas light, uo steamboats or
locomotives, no electric lights, no giant
powder, no breech loaders or lwrcussiou
caps, nil had to work hard to accomplish
anything and a spinning wheel nnd
loom were busy articles in all households.
Now wo havo chnuged nil thnt. Tho
mnchinory of today doos away with
many n proud mochanio who gloried in
his skill. It i claimed that thoso ma
chines causo as much labor as thoy in
form j that they increnso tho demnnd
whilo thoy npicar to satisfy it. All thin
is folly. If machinery only gnvo a new
direction to labor thero would bo no
good in inventions. It is an ominous
fact thut a power loom turns off many
times more cloth with tho enmo hands
to manipulnto it. Labor saving machin
ery actually saves Jolxir and leaves ablo
bodied men idio. Put it down thou, as
ono of tho groat causes of "hard times,"
that tho increaso of machinery leaves
thousands of peoplo without work who
formerly found occupation when
goods and wares woro hand made.
It is true, however, that thoro aro com
pensation in our latter day activities,
ltailronds havo to bo built nud hundreds
of thousands work in building them.
Tho building of modern mills, work
shops, machines of all kinds, creates im
mense actively, though it is true that
every small community, nsnfortimo, does
not possess tho labor demand that kopt
all at work in ages gone. Of old tho
call of laber was everywhere, whilo now,
men go thousands f miles to press
somo enterpriso nnd find themselves
afloat on tho world when it is completed.
Strike tho balance fairly and itennnotbo
denied that modern inventions nnd to
called "progress" havo left many willing
hands without work, havo filled our
highways with tramps and towns with
Tho remedy is not at hand. It may
bo that poor hnrvetts will reinstate agri
culture ; war may pluck up courage to
embroil nations and "good times" may
follow. Homo contingency may arise to
mako men active again; i-omo cataslro
pho may occur to bring golden days to
its survivors. Emergency may illus
trate tho wonderful uses of modern in
ventions in carrying death and devasta
tion broadcast among tho nations, but
tho paradox remains a problem unsolv
nblo and yet plain ns the sun in tho
hoavons, that this woudorful ago of in
volitions leaves beggary wherever it
plants groatnoss and wealth. Tho world
and humanity lives on startling cfl'ects
and in wonder breeding episodes. The
old days nro gono ; men no longor dwoll
in tho orient; ho lias subdued tho earth
and carries his inventions into n homes
phcro that was not in Ciusar'H world.
Wo have compilod from tho Census
Itoport of 1880 Important facts that con
cern agriculture and bear on tho general
condition of tho wholo country.
In tho two decades onding 1880 tho
national wealth increased from twenty
four thousand million of dollars to forty
thousand millions, of which farms and
the porronnl property incident to farm
life increased from eight thousand mill
ions to twelve thousnnd millions In
18(H) farming property was nssrs.sed nt
exactly ono third of tho total nation's
wealth nnd in 18S0 tho propoition was
reduced to scarco moio than a fourth.
Farmers constitute fully Jmlf of tho
population of tho United States and
tho addition of tho working force hired
by farmers would givo tho agricultural
population foui-sovontlm of tho total.
This clus comprises tho hardest workers.
Thoy riso early and work Inter than any
other class. They produce all tho staples
of life nnd tho nations prosperity depend
on them exclusively. Thoy are, liter
ally, the bono and sinow of tho world,
tho foivo that pays tho ' tuxes
and builds up all proapuiu , i.f.
with increasing ureas in cultivation ami
whilo doubling tho number of farms
during tho twonty yoars thoy actually
rotrogradod in wealth nnd prosjority
thcniBolves. Tho twenty-fivo millions
who till tho soil nro worth less than ?5O0
each, whilo tho other twenty-fivo millions
aro worth 1 1,300 each. During tho
twenty years from 18G0 to 1880 tho gain
porjeapita of farming interests was $100
whilo that of all other interests averaged
per capita f (110.
It it truo that farmois own outsido in
terests Bometimes, and it is truo that
farmoro engngo in outsido operations,
but all thnt enn bo assessed ngainst them
will not nearly mnko farmers as a class
possess tho nverngo wealth that belongs,
per capita, to cilions of tho United
Wo might go into this matter moro
thoroughly; indeed, wo did work up nil
points, consecutively, much moro explic
itly, nnd now havo condensod tho main
facts in as brief spaco and shape us
possible. Tho subject possesses exceed
ing interest nnd has many phiic. It
can bo questioned if intelligent husban
dry docs not mako a hotter let urn than
tho average. It may bo alleged that
ignorance and lack of means prevent
good work and so keep nvorngo down.
Tho national census is a very complete
and correct work thnt enn bo implicitly
roiled on for its facts. There is no other
means of information nearly ro correct
and wo feel disposed to accept its con
oht'ions as absolute. Farming then,
vio;cd from these formidable statistics,
is tho poorest paid whilo it is by far
tho most important of all industries,
ono that provides all tho necessaries for
civilized uses.
So far as numbers go wo have all tho
advantage wo can ask. Tho farmer and.
tho'o dependent on him cast tho ma
jority of votes in nearly every Stato in.
the lTnion. So far ns -loliticiil influence
can go wo have strength enough to bo
invincible. Thero Is an old saying how-
over; "Jn union thero is stirniith."
We havo no union of farming intrests
and therefore nro weak. All tho nolit-
icnl forco wo need wo linvo ; it would bo
difficult to show where legislation can
givo us nny right wo do not ik)scs.
Wo certainly havo a right tons inuch
prosperity as others enjoy and thu ques
tion that is hard to answer ; What courso
can iusuro that prosperity? According
to tho census tho nverngo of farming in
comes is loss than $000 per annum.
That is to say that nil the products of.'
farming divided among tho famillesof
farmors givo less than $100 n your to.
each person.
It is only right that farming hIiouM'
earn as much for the uso of monoy in
vested and labor performod as other in
dustries do. Considering tho iudispen-
slblo nature of the work and the pro
ducts, farming should rank as high nu
any other occupation and Ihj as woll re
warded. That it is not is the fault of
tho producors themselves and wo present
tho fact deduced from the Inst census
that our fanner friends may read and
ponder thorn well, and consider by whnfc
moans thoy can acquire tho prosperity
that olhors seem to possoss, Tho sub
ject invites close attention and philoso
phical reasoning. If tho farmer has not,
during twenty yoars back, enjoyed so
much prosperity as other classes of tho
people, there must bo reason for it. Is
it our fault or tho fault of tho times and
our system? Ono would think in this
froo government to w.o agricufturo riso
and claim a foremost place in the na
tional economy, instead of which it
Hciime to build it nation's prosperity yet
receivo nu unequal nud inferior share.
Tito Southern Plnguo.
A coiniuorcial traveler who lias been
in tbo plaguo-etriekon district of East
Kentucky says : Tho people aro abso
lutely crazy. They have no uso of any
thing butcofllns. Agrontdoalhnsl.. n
printed in tho nowspapors about the
nation in .Martin and adioluiiio- count ..
'nt it lint Ik-cii but nu imperfect lelk-x
n it... iM-iing deplorable condition. 1
know of instances where whole faiuiliet
linvo died within a week ; where neigh
borhoods Iiiiao been swallowed up in tho
grave; where ono man lias survived to
bury his family and frionds, and thou
been found dead with no living creature
near him, except in homo cases n faithful
dog. Flocks of sheep and droves of
cattlo that used to browso on tho hills
and along the range of tho C'umberlands
now lay dead and rotting; whilo pebbles
glisten in tho Iwttnm of creek bod-; wells
and cisterns havo been drained to tbn
bottom, and springs aro no longer to bo
relied upon for a supply of water. Tho
ground is literally parched, and where
vegetation formerly bloomed thoro is
nothing but decay. Thousands aro said
to havo died within tho past two weeks."
Tho most common disease of fowls aro
catarrh and roup, nnd' tho dissensos nro
noarly tho snmo. In simple catarrh
there is n dischargo of watery mucous
from tho nostrils. In roup tho dis
charge thickons and fills up the nostsils,
tho eyelids nnd fnco becomes swollon
and a fowl odor is emitted. Itcmovo tno
sick fowl to a warm, dry location, wash
the nostrils with diluted coimcms. wntor
and feed stimulating food.