Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887, June 06, 1884, Page 4, Image 4

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hum every Week by the
OsTILLAMKTTE t'AHMKK I'l rtLlglilXU CO.
W TKRM3 OF bUH80IUPT10A.
One for. (Postage paid). In advance $ 2.C0
kl moaths, (Postage paid). In advance 1.26
tee than six month will be, per month R
ADVEKSIalNO KATES:
Advertisements will be Inserted, providing ts Me
epo-table, at the following table of rates I
fttiMnrh of space per month 9 2.W
Tiree Inches of space per month 6.00
aa-half column per month 18.00
in eoratnn per momn buw
jb SeaiBle efmlea sent free on amtllcatlon.
Publication Office: No. 5 Waahlntoon Street
rllrs, rooms No. A and Be
Up
Notice to Subscribers.
We publish only sufficient number of the Faemfii
to supply actual prepaid subscriber and we cannot sup
ply back numbers.
If It Is desired by subscribers ti secure all Issues they
ut arrant to send In their renewals In ample time
rench tnls office before expiration.
WA11 subscribers can tell by the prlnlcd tag onTEl
rtheir paper exactly wlien their time will explre.TPi
another Important point: ALL COMMUNICATIONS
AND LETTERS SHOULD BE ADDRESSED TO THE
"tTHXAMETTB FAKMEB."
r ANYONE RECEIVING A COPY OF
THIS PAPKR WILL CONSIDER IT AN
INVITATION TO 8UBSCRIHE.
THK PKESIDENTIAL OUTLOOK.
Tlio reports up to Thursday noon are
unfavorable to cither Maine or Arthur.
Permanent organization was effected by
tho election of Gen. Henderson, of Mis
souri, permanent chairman. Con. Sher
man has declined to boa candidate. We
cannot safely prodict who will bo nom
inated. THE LATEST EEECTJ0N BETURNB.
Ketnrns up to Thursday noon gives
Herman (Kop.) for Congress fully 1,500
majority. Tho voto for Supreme Judgo
is very closo and may take tho official
voto to decide. Tho latest figures aro
'2,QU to 2,1 14, u majority of 100 in favor
of Thayer. Marion county elects all
but one repreaotativo. Tho next Legis
lature will bo ltepublican on joint ballot
by about 20 majority. Tho constitution
al amendment is lost.
As usual, tho Stato of Oregon has
givon its majority to tho Republican
candidates. Wo can only say that wo
hopo thoy will ably and honostly as well
as impartially fulfill their important
ilittioa. This Stato has not had reason
to complain of serious debt and taxtation
and stands to-day in a favorablo light bb
to both debt and rovonue. Tho debt is
by this time meroly nominal and tho
Stato roquiros only a modorato rovonuo
to dischargo its liabilites and pay its ex
penses. Tho SUto Prison does not cost
hoavilv but tho In9ano Aslyum is a
heavy bunion ou tax payors. Crime
is an exponsio luxury and wo foster it
by licensing tho places that generate tho
criminals. If tho coming legislature can
doviso sonio legislation that will nourish
temporanco and discourago intemperunco
and its kindred vices tho pcoplo will m t
stop to ask tho politics that control tho
Statu.
Somk Ikimi fionds lately set dynamito
close by polico hoadquarters, London,
discharging some to tho damago of tho
surrounding buildings and fearfully
shattering that especial one. This
dastardly act injured thirteen people, fivo
of whom wore women. It seems that
theso wretohes consider any injury dono
on English soil to bo vengeance duo to
Ireland. Parnell and tho Irish in
Parliament, disclaim sympathy with this
cowardly and murderous, business and it
is no doubt dono by Fenians, who havo
a secret society for what they claim to
Iks patriotic purposes. Such scoundrels
deserve no mercy and should receive
uono. Thoy havo attempted to blow up
tho railroad tunnels of Loudon that run
underground and havo dono considerable
harm without winning for themselves
any success or credit except tho contempt
of all civilized men. It is too bad that
Irish liberty should bo prejudiced by
such cowardly conduct,
Mim Makv Jank HakW', of Ronton
county, itt Master of n nourishing Grnngo
and as such was a delegate elected to tho
Stato Orange, .ho interested us ono
ovcuiug in Grange Hall with nu account
of her eonorsioi from boiiif? oppos-eto
woman's etiffntgo to being in favor of it.
They rent their farm to n Gorman who
is ignorant, cannot lv.ul or wiiU, but
oems to have opinions. ThU naturalized
Teuton donouucod tho ide.v .of woman
being & voter, in her prepuce, with
great vehemence. Ho averted, in his
disjointed Knglish, that "woman didn't
know enough to vote," not n doubt en
toring his thick skull that ho was com
petent enough. Hearing this ignorant
foreigner disclaim iigoinst woiuau' ca
pacity was the turning point in hercaso
uud she concluded ho could vote as"
well, or better, than mqn wjio left the old
country to ho endowed with cilinvnship
WILLAMETTE
in America, without knowing even, the
rudiments of education and she was
right.
The news from the election shows that
tho woman's suffrage amendment has
boon defeated by a voto of almost two to
one. That result was not unexpected
by those who knoW public sentiment,
though the majority agninst it was
larger than was anticipated. Reforms
aro of slow growth. It will lako years
te educate the popular mind to appre
ciate the importance of extending wo
man's influence. We have taken little
interest personally in this mattor, except
to call out tho views of tho readers of
tho Farmer. Wo know the popular
mind was largely against it, but the
reading world is more largely in favor
of the measure than those who do not
read. Wo voted for tho measure because
the intelligent Indies of Salem appeared
to be in favor of it. Before it can suc
ceed the women of Oregon must pro
nounce for it. To-day the majority of
the women of the State aro opposed to
it, and even that is true in Salem. The
men will never enfranchise women
against their own convictions and
wishes.
It coms by telegraph that two nights
last week Wednesday and Thursday
a frost fell on the vegetation of New
England, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania
and New Jersey, destroying all tho fruit
and vegetables that frost can hurt. The
mercury was at io degrees, wnicn is
7 degrees below tho freezing point and
indicates severe cold. Such a frost to
occur in tho last days of May is remark
able and phenomenal, but that is the
way they do back in the Atlantic border.
At tho samo time wo weio enjoying ex
ccssivo heat this side of the Rocky
Mountains and havo never had such
severe cold in the "merry month of May."
Ileiois a region of wide extent, and con
taining one-fourth tho population and
woalth of the United States. The loss
of fruit will havo something to interest
us if our fruit turns oil anywhere near
what it should be. IJur products now
go whirling across tho continent on
short time and in refrigerator -cars.
Whether wo can do as well with fruit as
with salmon remains to bo seen. The
opening of markets for all our products
is of such importance tnt wo mnko no
excuse for doing all wo can to expedito
matters and mako the world know that
tho Pacifio Northwest is dostined to pro
duce fish, "flesh and fowl" for whoever
can pay. A trado is beginning in our
day that will gain and increaso for all
timo to como.
NOTES OF THE STATS ORANGE.
The minutes we wrote out of proceed
ings of the Stato Grango last week did
not roach tho printer and our readers
only had a briof account of the delegates
present and the officers elected, without
note or comment. Afterwards the miss
ing "copy" was found, too lato for U6e,
so wo will rceito in general of tho week
and call attention to somo incidents as
thoy occurred. Tho attendance was fair
though Borne of the old standbys were not
hero. Shelton of Walla Walla, who was
elected to attend, was taktn ill when at
tending tho Convention of I. O. 0. F. in
Walla Walla, and died a few days before
the Grango mot. Ho was a man of
marked ability and good mind, and,
withal, a good muii and good citizen.
Our list of representatives omitted the
names of Bro. and Sister Day, of Jose
phine, who represent the Grunge on
Williams creek that has been so success
ful in ix oo-operativo store. Thoir suc
cess will encourage many other business
venture.
On Tuesday ovening Salem Grange
gave an elegant reception, at their Hall,
to tho State Grango and visiting breth
ren, favoring them with a splondid repast.
Address of wolcomo was delivered by
Sister Hariot T. Clarko, of the Willam
i.ttk Faumeu, and respond by Mi.vj Mary
J 11 no Harris, of Ronton county, a young
lady who isMasterof tho Benton County
Grange, and tills tho placo ably.
Wednesday a class of twenty were ad
mitted to tha Pomona degree in excel
lent form. A feast was spread for tho
Pomona recruits and partaken of by
others. Tho rot of the session, until
Thursday night, was devoted to tho
usual woik of balancing old accounts
and receiving reports of committees.
Tho Grange stands well and has made
steady improvement during tho year.
Tho conftdehio of tho members in Judgo
Boise was manifested by his election to
a third term. Ho is a man of affairs
Vrhoao time and mind are Pilled with irn-
poiUut dutitw. It must cause, hiuwnuch
inconvenleuco and hard work to take tho
interest that bo does in tho progress of
the order. Upgrowth has Veen duo to
the devoted efforts and hard worl per
AKtfEK: SALEM, OREGON, JUNE c, 1884
formed by Master R. P. Boise and Lec
turer H. S. Hayes. They have often
traveled together and havo revived,
within the year, nine dormant Granges
and organized three new ones.
The Executive Committee is composed
of Wm. Cyrus, of Linn county ; Jno.
Minto, of Marion county ; R. P. Boise, of
Marion county.
ASSESSMENT AND TAXTATION.
The Oregonian quotes the Roston
Transcript as showing the methods pur
sued by Now York millionaires to avoid
taxtation. They devise miserable and
dispicablc schemes by which to cheat
honest men and compel farmers and
others to pay more than their just pro
portion. The truth is that Now York's
moneyed men have managed to influence
legislation always and prevent the fram
ing of statutes so thorough and complete
that evasion is impossible. We propose
to continually harp on this theme and
encourage others to write on it, until
the session of the legislature is held for
tho purpose of securing such a perfect
knowledge of State finance that the
people will demand honest legislation.
It is possible to enact laws that cannot
bo ovnded if tho people will elect com
petent and reliable men to do the work.
The trouble is here, sharp practice prevails
and the ordinary legislator is cheated
and does not know it. Words that
sound well enough to him aro weak and
inefficient in law and do not stand the
test of the courts. Often laws are pro
nounced unconstitutional or they are de
ficient in s6me particular and legislation
fails of its object. It is true that to the
majority all was correct. They meant well
and did well, as they thought, but some
sharp practico was on hand and the
weak clause, was inserted. All appear
honest and sincere and tho world
receives the failure as unavoidable, but
the thing was premeditated, often, and
both parties had their wise legal talent
employed to perfect the fraud. Let us
then go to work and never rctt until
honest men give us honest legislation
that will insure honest administration of
the laws. As to assessment laws, let tho
tax -payer make a full written statement
and make oath to all particulars. Let
every man's tax return bo a public record
subject to public inspection, with a fear
ful penatly in case of fraudulent returns,
and avo shall then seo honesty and no
evasion of taxtation.
WOOL AND SHEEP.
There aro several things tho fnrmer
can do to make sheep afford a profit, for
since the fall in price sheop do not pay
as they did. One thing to be done is to
bieed for the best grade of wool and
another is to grow mutton sheep and
mnko up by increased value in meat any
deficit in tho prico of wool. To grow
crops without sheep is not convenient.
Winter wheat that has been fed down by
sheep is much more certain to mako a
crop, than when uot so fed down. Sheep
are worth much as cleaners of fallow-
Iands;they furnish tho best kind of fresh
meat for the farmer's table; tho city
markets oil'er a good prico for mutton.
The operations of the farm aro greatly
facilitated by having a small flock of
good sheep to enrich tho soil. Every
prosperous farmer knows their value and
all such will be sure to keep sheep and
use them to advantage.
Some, like G. W. Hunt of Waldo hills,
aro introducing mutton breeds into
Oregon. Mr. Hunt's Shropshircs attracted
attention when exhibited t tho State
Fair. The wethers weigh heavily and
the mutton is remarkably fine moat.
Such mutton will soon command a high
price actually a preminum in tho
markets of our cities and butchers will
pay ,readily, a cent a pound, or more than
that difference between common sheep
and good mutton breeds. It is apparent
that farmers generally do not appreciate
the importance of good meat or wo
should hear of more flocks than now
exist of Shropshircs, Cotswolds, Lcicesters,
Sonthdowus,Oxfordshires,etc. There are
somo of all theso breeds in this part of
Oregon and if well bred and cared for
wo beliovo that sheep raising will prove
as profitable as jt ever has been among
us.
DAIRYING AS A BUSINESS.
It is really timo Oregon began to put
in practico tho methods used in tho
older States that evidently result well
there and can bo expected to do so here.
The fanner ou the Luckiamute are
making nrraugements to etart a cream
cry and carry on dairying systematically.
It is not a matter of doubt but of cer
tainty that such an enterprise, if well
conducted, will produco good results
and pay good profits. Our farmers
need to organizo in more than ono form
to succeed. They cannot singly do
many things that need to be dono but
they can by co-operation cany out
many enterprises that aro necessary for
the good of producers. Dairying on a
largo scale has been attempted with
more or less success and those who con
ducted tho business bought milk of their
neighbors. The profit has to be divided
fairly to make such business succeed.
Tho quality of the milk is easily tested
by a lactometer which willgivo the rich
ness of the milk and expose any mixture
of water with it. Wo hopo to see the
bniness of dairying made much more
profitable and conducted with much
greater energy and enterprise, so that
at least we can supply the homo demand
and tho demand from the mining towns
of Idaho and Montana. Progress must
be made or our connection with the
East will only expose our want of enter
prise and our poor management as a
people. " Comparisons aro odious,"
more especially when we cannot afford
to compare our management of affairs
with that of other communities.
At a recent convention of sheep
breeders and wool-growers held in Phil
adelphia, Mr. J. L. Hayes advised farm
ers u go aneaa ana raise sneep in me
best way to get the most money for their
carcasses, and to let the wool take care
of itself. Regard the sheep merely as
machines for converting grass, roots
and grain in the shortest possible time
into mutton, with wool as the mere in
cident Aiming for the best mutton will
get the best wool; this is tho system in
England the greatest mutton prodno
ing and combing-wool producing coun
try in the woi Id. This is true as re
gards the Leicester sheep and other
long wooled breeds, but it is not correct
as regards Merino sheep, whoso wool is
their chief value. Ed.
Send us $5 and we' will send you
the Farmer one year, and also to two new
subscribers.
PROSPECTUS.
10R TUB PURPOSE OF PLACING THE
W 1LLAMETTE FARMER
Within the reach of every farmer In the Paclflc North
nest, we shall after this date reduce the price as
follcws : '
One Tear, la Adinncc t 2.00.
Clabu of Ten, (money with names) IS 00
Clubs of Five, (m-ney lth names,) ' 8.J5
Postage stamps will not be taken for Subscription.
This xkw schedule of prices is meant to
sec minodate all classes anrt leave no room for
complaint or dissatisfaction. Ac the price
nm;it above this paper is the cheapest oa
the Pacifio Coatt
As many persons have objected to beinp
asked to p iy in advance we reduce the sub
scription price to those who make advance
piymcnt and shall never deviate trom the
terms stated. Ycu can make money by pre
payment, and we preler that all should pur
sue that pi n.
We intend to mike a farmers' paper
that every farmer in the land will need and
wi'l nit willingly do without.
We understand tho interest! of agricul
ture in all this region and intend to con
tinually study and work for the advancement
of the civs we represent.
We have correspondents in all section of
the I'acifio Northwest who will report the
success of farming in every locality.
we shall Keep picu with production in
every department, and report, through cor
respondent! and from personal observation,
all important facts concerning farming in all
its Branches, including productions of gram,
raises, fruits and vegetables; concerning
atwk railing, the value of cattle for meat and
for dairying; of horses for all purposes; of
shi ep for wool and mutton, or both; of swine
and poultry. Also, is to bees aud honey.
We shall continue to study the markets
and inform our patrons on all points, so that
they will be able to judge the situation for
themselves. Our old patrons will bear wit
n siwe have worked faithfully, in this con
nection, in the past. We shall do so in the
future. No daily newspaper in Portland has
ever given the producers of the country such
clear views of the world's crop aud markets
as the Farmer often does. Our market re
ports have been worth hundreds of thonsauds
to the producer of this region. We shall
carefully cull such miscellaneous matter for
use as will benefit and instrnct both voung
and old. The Farmer aims to be an edccitor
in every department of life.
Our editorials will freclv and independ
ently discuss every question that interests the
people from tha standpoint of right. So far as
we have influence, it shall be exerted in favor
of good principles, good government, true re
ligion, temperance and tor education of the
masses of the General and State Govern
ments. The Home Circle is edited by a lady of
mature experience in the labors of the farmer,
and well acquainted with the ways of the
world. She Interests herself in all the dutisa
and pleasures of home. Thousands bear wit
ness to thood influence the Farmer extrts
in many homes to make the ives of mothers,
wives and children bter snd'aappier.
As a family PArca the Farmer sustains
the clos'tt rtlitious to the people and ixer
ctsca the moat salutatory influence. The
WiLLAUETTK Farmek is not Jrcil in charac
ter, as tha name might mislead you to believe.
It was named fifteen years ago, when the
WllUmctto Valley was Oregon, but it has ex
panded and rruw-n with the growth of the
country and represents all the agriculture of
Oregon acd Washington.
This is the htmn'a own onan, open Jfor
all to relate experience, seek information, and
atato any grievanoe they may have to ccm
plain of aruinst whoever and whatever seeks
to oppress or deceive them. Our columns be
long to Ihe people, and, the value of the Far
uer chiefly depends on such popular utter
ances. The Editor brings to your assistance the
experience of 33 years spent in this region;
Intimate knowledge of the country) many
years connection with agriculture and twelve
years' acquaintance uithru.uy of you in the
columns of the Farmer.
The reduction o! prices is made in expecta
tion that it will bring Increased circulation.
We ask every friend to aid as in that respect,
and shall appreciate tha good will of all
who do so.
1YEW THIS WEEK.
To Oregon Pioneers (
The annual reunion of the Oretron Pioneer Association
will be held on the State flr Grounds, on
Tuesday A Woluraday Jane litis nnd 18th.
The'Aunnal Address will be delivered by Mr. II. Y.
Thompson, and the Occasional Address bv F. O. He
Cowan, Esq. For farther particulars see posters,
T. B. OJJr.NKAL, Secretary.
. ;:
HliiESIiEII
Si... htiUU y&S
.1.?. iia
THE NEW MASSILLON
M VsM WN s MM U7IUMrV, J
RUSSfclX CO.. KaMiUon, 0.,
AAd told by relifcbl dlr frttTwher. Send for
u Circular! and addww of Marwt Afcnt
N fen IbU Ftper.
ltUSSELb & 0.t
Brunch House, I ortlaud, Oregon. JunltfB
STATE INSURANCE COY.
Salem, Oregon.
Stock Company-Charter Perpetual.
CAPITAL, 81M,OM.0O.
The Farmer's Conipapy,Insurcs
only Farm Property, Priv
ate Dwellings, School
Houses & Churches.
R
ATES AS LOW AS IS CONSISTENT WITH RE.
LIALLE lf.DEMNlTY.
LOSSES HONORABLY ADJUSTED.
L.L.ROWLAND, President.
E. D. McELROV, Vice President.
II. W. COTTLE, Secretary,
GEO. WILLIAMS. Treasurer.
aprlllSmS
FANCY POULTRY.
PI) mouth Rocks
EXCLUSIVELY.
I Wen HAWKINS' PRIZB WINNINfl
STRAIN, admitted Ctaniplons of tho ContlrunU No
inwii lorsaie unu1 lau. lurgs. z.ou per ucz-.; two dozen,
84; three dozen, 6. Cash must a' company orders
Address : J. M. GAKIUSON, Forest l!ro e, Or
lsprllly
NOTICE.
I WILL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE FOR ANV TREAT
ment that I. N. Wood'e miy pietciihe f r horses
nor for.any ountratts or for money paid to him.
J. TKULLlNGtlt, V. 8.
Butttvil e, Marion county, Oregon.
Situation asGartlener
rflWEKTr YEARS EM'EtUFXCE IN N. Y. STATE
X anazu yiara in juigianu. uuJenunUa prcpa
ration if all kinds of n uera, roos csptcull and
flowering khrub.; also th. growing cf small rruite,
grape vlo is, and r.getables. W uUlike to coma to
teZm Address' CIIAKLES UNO,
nijSOta Box 519, Council Bluff, lows.
Faim for Sale.
1 OA ACRE FAIiM FOUU MILES SOUTH OK
.&J Silem. In good state of cultivation; gr-iod
urge barn; gojd house; good orchard; ft ell fenced all
around, and two cross fenced; 52 acre in wheat; 34
acres in pasture; 30 acre plow.d ready for summer
fallow. If ycu u ant to buy a rood f rm como and te
mine before purchasing tlsewn re I w.tl nell crop
extra Ihe place is well watered. For further par
ticulars addree: A It DUNLAP, Salem. Or.
jnneiu
When you coma to think of It, it la not
odd that literary people prefer a pipe to a
chrar. It is handier to smoke when tney
are wrltlnr, and ever so mneh cleaner.
And then It aires them the true esoenoe
and flavor of the tobacco.
The most fastidious smokers sxnocjr all
nations and all classes of men agree that
the tooeoco crown ou the Golden Tobacco
Belt of North Carolina Is the most dellc
Ions and refined In tha world. Lffhter
than Turklah, more fragrant than Harana,
freer from nitrate and nicotine than
other. It la Just what the connoisseur
pralaet and the habitual smoker demands.
The Terr choicest tobacco grown
on this Belt U bought by Black,
well's Durham Tebaceo Co-, and
appears la their celebrated Bull
Durham 8mokinf Tobacco. It Is
Knows the world over.
Get te genuine, wlthBull
traoiVmark, then you will
be sure of having abso
lutely pure toDacoo.
BEE HIVES!
We woald le pleased to ctll all persons Interested In
Fees, to the many good qua'ltlea of the
MONARCH HIVE!
li. ;.. Vi h."""1 nigncsi uipiomait
last to Stale Fairs. We have plenty on hat d to mi
all ordersou demand. Cnrrrspomlruer Solicited.
Addrus or apply to A. F. M 1 LLER, fcellwood, Or., or
Th. nt!.r.wl. h.. I. t n. . .. .
aHLLtlK BROS.,
Seid Etore, 9 Fecond Street. . . Portland. Orecon
SSfeb3mo
R. J. TRUMBULL & CO.
Impstteri and Cea'ers In
SEEDS. TREES S PLANTS,
41Huul -iiil Samtowc St.,
SAX UlMIUfl, CAl.
Hhutrated Catalfjus I jr 1S! free on epjUaUoo,
"V
Jl Mt-
t lW'l
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