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About Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887 | View This Issue
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Woman on tlijtwr Triffla
Editor Willamette Farmer !
In the January numbef (A (ho Jforth
American Eeviow Senator It. Wj Blair
states some plain truths to the JfaJronal
Bepublican party. He tells them' fha
"alcohol is already in politics," and tfaft
they will mid themselves defeated in an
election not so very rcinoto if thoy do
not live up to thoir convictions oC duty
upon the'great questions which are now
coming up for discussion beforo the pco
pie. Many thanks to the noble Senator
for his fearless declaration of truth.
Thousands of American women say
Amen to these true, ringing woids of
warning. However, ho fails to mako
mention of another important factor in
American politics, which will not down,
but goes on steadily, persistently, by as
serting itself I mean tiie prayerful,
irresistible influence of the Christian
women of America. For years these
women have besought the Infinito One
to show them the way to work effectually
against the gigantic evil which is deso
lating our land. They praye'd that sa
loons might go, but the doors were not
shut, the saloons did not go, and all bo
cause "alcohol" was in politics dictating
to parties and shaping legislation.
By and by a homely truth forced itself
home to the hearts of these women, that
whatsoever was legislated upon the peo
ple could be legislated off. Full of this
new gospel, they went forth preaching
the worth of the ballot, and man's obli
gation as a citizen, only to bo confronted
with another gigantic truth, that while
they wero beseeching a miracle, man
was striking hands with the powers of
darkness, and alcohol was fortifying it
self behind unholy statutes and consti
tutional defects. Some years ago, when
certain noble women presented their
claims for recognition at the hands of
the Republican party, they were told
that their claim ought to be treated with
respectful consideration, and that was
the end of it. "We now are on the eve of
another great political contest, great
questions aro up for settlement ques
tions which involve the happiness of
women and the morals of a nation.
Conscious of the fact that the platform
of a party indicates its principles, we,
as women, aro very anxious to know
what the great parties purposo to do
about this liquor traffic which, on the
wheels of iniquitous legislation rolls
over the lives and hearts of helpless
women, crushing them beneath a weight
they are powerless to resist.
Let no politician console himself with
the thought that we are women, power
less, having no ballots, for women have
demonstrated that they are a political
power ; aye, even to the making and un
making of parties. The election returns
from Iowa and Ohio speak in trumpet
tones in favor of woman's power in poli
tics. We as women' are .to work either
for or against Edmund Bnrke says,
"when bad men conspire good men must
combine." Women will heed the advice j
we are combining. We seek to effect a
revolution in the interest of good gov
ernment, of righteousness, of home edu
cation, of peace. We seek it by legiti
mate means. We' seek it by agitation
through the press, and on the platform,
by meetings and petitions. That pro
hibition is in politics is not our fault it
has been placed there by the liquor
men themselves. They have constituted
themselves a third party and put the
liquor traffic above all questions of policy
or principle that may arise in govern
ment They boldly defy law. They
propose, with an enormous fund in their
treasury, to corrupt courts, bribe juries
and suborn witnesses. This, and more,
they are resolved to do in solemn con
clave. Aadwhy? Can ony honest pol
itician answer truly! We as women
have no creed, save that of "Cod and
home and native land," and before this
all party preferences dwintllo into insig-
cance. Moreover, we believe that gov
ernment is instituted for 'protection ;
when government cannot control ifsown
vices it i defective. The liquet traffic is
wrong eternally wrong tfterc is only
one way to acJ nnd th.it is consti
tutional prohibition of lh'6 wholo busi
ftpss. On this platform wo' stand; nor
will we move. We have enlisted for
the war. We shall stay in this battle
"until tins cruel war,is over." t Mock
at us if you will. An old Ficnch
proverb says : "What, woman wills, God
wills," and in this nineteenth century
the proverb stands a. luminous prophe
cy! It is the Inminous prophecy still,
and to its f uliillment the very stars of
heaven run, and to its consummation we
pledge our hands, our hearts, our lives.
x Entre Nous.
The writer of the above should not
have been afraid or ashamed to put her
name, to it. The Willamette Fakmer
has always been openly an opponent of
the liquor traffic and gives place willing
ly to the foregoing. It is also opposed
to anonymous publications and considers
that argument derives greater force from
being-identified with those who argue.
Something About Drainage.
Labimi, Or., May 12, 1884.
Editor Willamette Farmer:
Your remarks in regard to the subject
of drainage, in the issue of May 9, is
certainly correct, but it takes more than
one little man to drain such a body of
land as we have here in Lake Labish.
Although one dollar per acre for all land
included in the lake would drain it
completely (about 1 2,000) yet that is too
much for one or two to put in and all
the other land owners get the benefit. I
would be willing to pay $5, or even $10,
per acre on 20 acres to even have the
main ditch opened out and then ditch
the land 'myself besides. The land is
worth in its present shape scarcely any
thing, but if well drained, one-third of
the crop would pay interest on three or
four hundred dollars per acre. But
some parties here that own from 80 to
200 acres, let it lie year after year pay
ing taxes and refuse to do anything
toward ditching, and claim that to drain
their own land is enough for them to do.
But there is about 100 rods of the pro
posed ditch at the lower end that is nec
essary for an outlet that yet does not do
the land crossed any benefit at all and
the digging of this should be shared by
all parties interested. This seems to me
only fair and just. Mr. L. C. Fisher
started a subscription paper this spring
to raise money to do the wcrk, but the
majority of thoso interested did not
seem lo think it necessary to put in any
coin, and as one of'" them expressed it,
"it will be done anyway," and they get
the benefit. So Fisher gave it up in
disgust, and now there seems little pros
pect of anything being done for another
decade. Can the Fabmeb give us any
advice on the subject T
Respectfully, F. J. Beaty.
letter from Umatilla County.
Foster, Or., May 17, 1881.
Editor Willamette Farmer :
Tho.grain crops are looking exceed
ingly well The acreage is not half so
large as last year. There is a good deal
of corn being put in and it looks well.
About Centerville and Weston they are
sowing from fifty to seventy-five acres
to the farm. The ground is too dry to
sow grain on. Timber cultures that
have bad any care look well. One
man informs me that be had on his
timber culture 25 different varieties.
Alfalfa has not done very well for me on
bill land, although I dou't think I gave
it a fair trial for 'the ground had not
been cultivated long or wll enough.
am going to try a piece of bottom land
and see what it will do as our bunch
grass will soon be gone on our farms aud
we will have to find some substitute. . I
shall also try a email patch of red clover,
rlnhtffll out &ome cntalnhn trees two
yeai's go this spring and they made
last year rt gfdfvlh of five feet. I think
every farmer, inespectivc of timber cul
ture, should put out a. good Vised rove
anu wnen there is more timber in the
country v e will then have a more eve1"
season and more rain. Our vegetables
look ns well as thoy can. I live nine
miles north of Foster.
Geo. W. 1'ahkek.
LEjONAitnsBL'RO, April 28, 1884.
Editor Willamette Farmer :
In these days of seeming predomi
nance of the Prince of tin- Power of the
air and the coldest, dnrkesl and most for
bidding April over experienced in this
region, I again turn mine eyos; toward
Salem. With seasons too shoitatboth
ends, 'it is but natural that 'farmers
should complain. For in this region
called the groat corn bolt of Ohio many
well to do farmers have even incurred
debt in tho purchase of feed to pass their
stock through the coldest, longest, and
most relentless winter in the history of
the past twenty-five years. Th6 only
crop which last year panned out a re
ward to the husbandman was potatoes,
which now go begging a market at any
prico against $1.25 per bushel in April of
last year. Last year we all ate Michi
gan and York State potatoes at afore
mentioned rates. Kansas C5c corn,
kindly shelled to hide spoiled corn, has
had a wido introduction, because we
could do no better. The prospect for
seed com nre ot present a,' fearful
menace to tho poor farmer -wfio from
sheer necessity must purchase 'if he
plants. Tho southern zephyrs which
tore up trees and threw down fences,
ruined buildings, and shadowed many
streaks of country with terror and con
sternation, has done much to weakon
the attachment of the people to those
localities which carry the evidences of a
call from Mr. Cyclone. Give but plenty
of wind or lightning and it takes the
sand out of the stoutest heart the one
can't be stemmed nor tho other dodged.
Never in the recollection of tho writer
has there, at this season of the year,
been so little preparation or so poor a
chance for preparation. r
Wo are now passing-through the per
iod of carp nnd Jersey cattlo ; of Mow
tariff and cheap sugars ; of all wool
cloths with cotton warps, and cheap
calicoes; tho realistic change of from
westward ho, to Florida or bust ; with
everybody for Blaine and somebody for
Sherman; big State conventions and
collie pups ; Alvin Joslyn's ten thous
and dollar challenge band and his sixty
thousand dollars incomo; of Chicago
wheat corners and busted lard dealers ;
of high waters and city riots; with po
lygamy a fixed institution and able to
bully the best government in the world.
With kind regards I am,
John Waters, Jr.
Jackson County. Representatives, J.
R. Neil and Thomas F. Beall ; county
judge, E. Depott; clerk, W. II. Parker;
sheriff, A. S. Jacobs j treasurer, N.Fisher;
commissioners, W. T. Rodgers'and C. H.
Pickers: assessor. John Ash pole: school
superintendent, W. M. Colvig ; Burvyor,
james jenreys ; coroner, ut. iniow.i
Yamhill County. Senators, J. C. Bra
ley and C. H. Burch; representatives,
J. C. Nelion, D. C. Coleman and H. M.
Daniel; clerk, Georgo W, Brio well;
sheriff, E. B. Collard; commissioners,
Henry Gee and T.O.Goodrich; school
superintendent, G. J. Burchett ; treasurer,
J. L. Furguson; assessor, George W.
Phillips; surveyor) Jell' Fenton; coroner,
University Commencement Exercises
Prof. Uoyt will address tho students of
Willamette University Juno 11. Hon.
ltichard Williams delivers tho annual
address, Mr. Hoy t following. It is hoped
that all who were under Frof. Hoyt, or
students prior to 18C0, will meet him.
A picnic dinner will be given by his old
scholars in the University Grounds, on
the site of the okl "Institute" buildinc
after the exercises ot the day,
MAY 23, 1884.
With the completion and through
ponmctioti ilfs ty rail Oregon fruits
will obtain1 their merited reward.
How is your orchard ? If you expect
success see that the soil is in good tilth;
Weeds should not be allowed to go to
There never was such a showing before
in Oiegon and Washington as there now
is in tho orchards. There is every pros
pect of a good market.
Wild strawbeiries.will be abundant
this coming season if the signs of the
times can bo counted upon. In fact nil
wild fruits promise mudh.
After tho present harvest, and when
the fruit crop is all garnered, then will
our farmers seo tho amount of money
tnere i in horticulture. We predict a
"boom" in tree-planting this fall.
The demand for Oregon fruit will no
longer be confined to California, but
henceforth the market of the world will
bn open for us. Ohicago will come hero
for green fruit. The supply will hardly
equal tho demand.
Says the Dayton, W. T., Chronicle :
, Mr. John. Goodwin a solid farmer of
Whitman county and ono who has had
a great deal of experience in Irui t culture,
informs us that there is no danger of
losing fruit trees by frost, if one takes
care to set out his orchard on a hillside,
instead of on low damp ground. Ho has
experimented considerably and can prove
bis tneory to De correct.
Though corn should not be planted
until tho ground is warm, there i an ad
vantage in early plowing, partly to
give opportunity for warming the seed
bed. Some of tho very be6t crops have
been grown on fall-plowed land, with
tho manure spread on tho surface during
winter. The need, for warmth in the
seed-bed makes a freshly-turned furrow
unsuitable for planting corn, though it
is all tho better for oats and barley.
But if corn ground is plowed early,
cultivation to mellow tho seed-bed
should be continued until planting time.
Wheat rasing for export in India dates
back about six years, but the increase is
astounding. Thus in 1879 India ex
ported a little over 1,000,000 centals, in
1880 over 2,000,000, in 1881 over 7,000,
000, in 1882 over 19,000,000, and in six
months of 1883 over 15,000,000 centals.
or at the rate of 30,000,000 centals a year.
And the Bombay Chamber of Commerce
officially asscrsts that India is capable of
supplying not only tho wants of tho
United kingdom, but an amount limited
only by the question of finding a market
for the producer and cheapening railway
communication with the coast.
Chemists who have axamined Indian
corn find that it contains all th way
from six to eleven parts in 100 (by weight)
of fat. By proper means this fat can be
separated from tho grain, and it is then a
thick, pale oil. When .oils are heated
sufficiently in closed vessels, so that the
air cannot get to them, they are turned
into gas, which occupies many times the
bulk that the oil did. When pop-corn is
gradually heated and made so hot that
the oil inside the kernels turns to gas, this
gas cannot escape through th,o hulls of the
kernels, but when the interior pressure
gets strong enough it bursts the grain,
and the explosion is ao violent that it
shatters it in the most curious manner.
The starch in the grain becomes cooked,
and takes up a great deal more space
than it did before.
Small rrulU ea the rum.
Editor Willamette Farmer:
I am often surprised that to few farm
ers grow small fruits. It is raro you see
raspberries, currants, gootberrieii, etc., on
oven splendid farms. Why is this so?
Is it laziness or carelessneMT Perhaps
it is both. They generally say, "there's
no money in small fruits." Ye, that is
so! If thoro is not directly much cash
in small fruits there is indirectly some
thing of fur more value than mere money.
Yes, two somethings pleasure and
health. Wc spend money freely for both
these. A little labor with the hands di
rected by some brains will procure all
these fruft, pleasure and health and
thus enable them to save their money to
v- ir,! ' V;v-
buy the "gals" thoso fine diosscs "prom
ises ffb'od whih ago, 'cause tho nice
young' felloes' nf6 expected next Sun
day." Well, now, suppose ''Sal" fth & tick
dress and "her fellow" comes, sho foels
good and just a littlo proud, and him
n little, too. The "old 'omnn flies round,
gets dinner, and on tho tablo is what?
Currarrt jelly, jam and strawberry pie.
They all smack their lips around tho
table, and. particularly "Sal" and "hor
fellow," after dinner. Its awfully catch
ing, you know. Tho "old folks" feel
"bully,",and the "little fcllom" feel "just
splendid," with stomaclw full of "them
are strawberry pies!,- So thoy all have
an "awful good time."
Well, straw borries, currants, goosbcr
ries, etc., aro not only pleasurable to cat,
and .healthy, but actually save money.
Now, is there anything on top of dirt so
splendid as a dish of ripo strawberries, ,,
or currants, or oven gooscberrio3? If
thero is, I'll get up beforo sunriso and
run out in my linen to seo 'em. Chil
dren, both little and big, love all the
fruits, '"causo thoy are good." Then
why not have "lots of 'em?"
In a country liko ours, grand in all its
features, magnificent in its scenery,
transcendent in its mountain ranges,
illimitable in its forests, laved by the
mightiest of oceans, lined by tho grand
est of rivers, and traversed by tho beau
tiful Willamette, a climate unsurpassed
a soil unequaled, surrounded by cloud
capped peaks, peerless, puro, and grand,
as God's own sentinels watching tho cen
turies as they pass ; our destiny is in
terwoven with our country ; our country
is high in its mission, lofty in its design,
peerless in its purity, whilo its glorious
future illumons'like a sunbeam through
a dark and lowering cloud, scattering
life, light and beauty everywhere. So
then, we appeal to every farmer; horti
culturist, and agriculturist to do their
best in building up our country and
thus make it as glorious in Art as it is
in Nature. Lot us show 'bur manhood,
be gamo and grit to tho back-bone. We
can court, win and wed Flora ; she will
adorn our brows with blossoms and
flowers. Wo can court, win and wed
Pomona; sho will fill our hands and
baskets with fruits of ambrosial perfume.
Theso will bring health and pleasure as
a reward. What adorns our country
more than gardens of fruits and flowers?
Give mo flowers and their fruits.
Now, I havo a littlo vinoyard, an acre
or moro of strawberries, currants, goose
berries, etc., and 'twould do your bones
good to seo the "littlo fellers" go for 'em
when they aro ripe. Yes; they go for
'em like a geared streak of lightning
down a peeled poplar polo. Hear 'em!
"Ain't these good!" "You bet!" "Gol
ly! Seo here! "What a whoppin' big
'unl Aint they awful good?" I've heard
older people say similar things, too,
about theso good things. Look here I
Every farmer can have small fruits with
a little elbow grease and a hint or two
"Pearohed on that giddy height"
"Mum, Bel ' stealing all the cherries!"
More sometime. Jim Ticklk.
state; Oruie Keooptlon.
The members of tho Salem Grange will
entertain friend and delegates of the
State Grange on Tuesday evening. May
27tb, on which day the Stato Grange
convenes. All ladies belonging to Salem
Grange aro requested to bring such pro
visions as may bo coven lent to aid in
furnishing tho refreshment tablo for that
evening. All old rnomU-rs and friends
of tho Grnngo aro cordially invited to
moot the State delegation in tho hall of
the Salem Grange. '
By order oftho Committee.
Near Weatherburg, on tho Baker City
road, two highwajejaon stopped the stage
and robbed the rmseenccrs. They had
silk handkcrchlof .over their aces, and
tooic the express box ana wnatthe pas
musts threw out as. ordered, bat made
no effort to search the passenger.
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