Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887, April 04, 1884, Page 6, Image 6

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    WILLAMETTE" PARMER; gA&EM, 0B5jG0N APHID 4, "iSfM.
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THE fWOSLlVS SEJUHD SOK IRXttt.
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Jeanne C. Carr furnishes Iho Pacific
Itural Press an interesting article show
ing what an, imtnesc demand thcro is
for fruit, which" wc reproduce ad follows :
I liavo been reading with a grent deal
of interest somo articles in the English
.papers and also the press copies of the
Consular lleports, ana nave conaenseu
from thoso sources some of tho statistics
which seem to havo a bearing upon our
fruit interests.
In the voar 1871 tho amount of raw
fruit sont from tho United State? to
England, was reported us .10,111 bushels,
valued at i 0,(501. In 1882 it had in
creased to 1)063,070 buBhcls valued" at
.387,190. Tiio apple is tho principal
fruit exported in a raw state, and tho
supply is mostly obtained from tho
States bordering upon the Dominion of
Canada, whero tlio best keeping apples
aro very extensively grown.
The mcroasc in tho consumption of
nil kiiulB of fruit, in England is so
onornious that fruit farming as a sourco
of profit is attracting great attention,
and thorc aro ribwmany titled fruit
farmers. .Among thee tho operations of
Lord Sudoloy, of Toddington, in Glou
cestershire, aro tho most instructive to
us. ho havine entered into the business
on wha't may bo termed tho American'
plan. (Ho has orectcd works for the
conversion of all his fruit not roquircd
in a froeli state into jams and jollies.
Ho first steam plowed,, manured and
plantod 600 acres to apples, pears,
chorrios, plums and damsons, nnd 200
acies nioro will bo planted this year.
From tho Weekly Times of January 4,
1884, 1 learn that gooseberry and currant'
bushes nro set between the standnrd trees,
and the latter aro only 10 feet apart?
This isy'intcnsive farming," indeed.
Thorc ato DO acres of ulack currants
planted Without standards; 100 acres of
strawberries, nnd 00 acres of raspljcrry
canes, anoro aro -jo minis oi goofecuerncs.
This planting of Lord Studely will have'
many imitators ; but if every avnilable
acre ofjfruit,laud in the British Islands
wore under cultivation for vegetables
nnd small fiuits, it is (said 111 ft t 'the
production would not keep pace with
tho incicased domiuid, owing largely to
the increased consumption brought
about by tho tempuranco roform. Fruit,
milk and vegetables mo biking tho placo
of beer in thousands of English families,
who cannot nf Ibid to eat meat oftenor
than onco a week.
Scotland is in a liko manner slowly
"fleeting ii dietary reform, by tho
extensive manufactures of foreign fruits.
It is estimated that 190,000 acres are
-devoted to fruit culture in the United
Kingdom; yet of oranges and lemons
4,000,000 bushels wore consumed. Up
to tho end of last November tho prodigious
number of 520,000,000 single oranges
and lemons had been bold, and thero
bad boon imported for homo consumption
within the samo period 891,973 cwt. of
urrants; and 'of raisins, 388,370 cwt. It
is cstimatou Mat enough oi Almcna
grapes wero sold Inst year in British inar-
Jcets to atiom two or three bunches to
evory unit of tho population ; and'it is
Haul that, Inut is Mill too scarco ami
dear to form an important part of tho
diet of the laboring "classes. Largo
quantities of apricot pulp is exported
from Franco to England, whero it is sold
for fid per pound. '
The fruit oxports of Belgium to Eng
land in the year 1882", amounted tofi93r
000 buhhcls, valued at GC9,1(1 ; and the
Islands of (lunniMiy, Jersey and Madeira,
furniihod a still linger supply.
Consnl Kablo reports from Sydney,
Now South A bales, that tho tanned
fruit used in tlrit country is almost
exoIubiuJy obt ouod in San Francisco,
and that apples from California jdave
boon wild at n nnl price.
Ho further u ' Tho annua con
sumption of j-iniH nnd jollies in this
colony is very . i at, amounting to 3,
000,000 pounds, t hough iih yet noue have
been recoiled fiom tho Unitod States."
Tho Consul at Penang writes: "Tho
tnulo in can tied goods wad protty lively
last year, and "American preserves nro
gaining more and mom fawtr with' the
public. Considerable lots of California
fruit in tins has Ikvii imported by
toamors via Chains, and sold readily at
iiitiiib rj i'v cum) tu iwu uitzuu uns.
Much moro tould lo done in this article
if tho. manufactures would at least for
pnrtof their goods adopt glass InUtles in
ctcud of tins for packing,"
Again: 'Tho French nnd English
fruits in the market aro mostly put up
iu glast bottles, and although tho fruit
is inferior, and a bottlo contains loss than
n tin, they are preferred by many buyers
nnd (etch hotter prices. 1 am pretty euro
that if put up in nieo white glass bottles,
with showy lloIs, they would easily
carry tho palm."
Tho most significant umoil (to lit')
comes from Consul General Van Ituten
at lokohamn. Somo years ago ho says
told that this is true specially of
California, we ought to be 'careful that
no sliaro in this conacmnation properly
attches to us. "
Tho commercial openings for our fruit
tradd are almost too numerous to be
specified, if only our reputation for
excellence can be sustained. The Con'
sular opinion is unanimously in favor of
glass instead of tin for the pocking of
our fresh and jellied and pickled fruit
products. The manufacture of orar,ge
marmalade ought to bo as succ'aful
here as it is in Scotland.
For a vast population of Encliah
emigrants attached to our northwest
Territories by cheap land and cheap trans
portation, California will bo tho sourco
of supply. Tho citrus fruits will
naturally bo sent Dy water to Portland,
urogon, at a season when httlo other
fresh fruit can ho obtained. Thenco
thoy will bo distributed over tho great
"new northwest."
Lato in tho year the Muscat, Ferrara
au.l Almona grape will find its way to the
same market, by tho same route, while
"tho application of tho principlo of
ensilage to fruitgrowing," na Englishmen
term tho pulping procehses, will concert
all tho peaches, plums and apricots into
valuable commercial products. As to
dried fruits, thcro seems practically no
limit to tho prospective demand.
' Sho closes with calling attention to
the great demand for California fruits
by tho oponing of railways to the tern
tory south and east, which corresponds
with tho equal demand from all the
northern country from tho racific to
St. Paul and boyond thcro, for Oregon
and Washington products. AVe have a
magnilicont prospect the present season
as all orchards aro in full bearing and
preparing to bloom fully in a few days.
Evon if there was no market for rrreen
fruit wo can dry or can our plums,
pru nos, cherries, apples and pears, and
Can our small fruit with a certainly that
they will bring a good price.
".
The HoTtj tpWwnlctu Cause.
luauatrlal Convention En Muss.
"the ciuiiiihI goods, bottled pro-cryes, etc.,
of thUnl'od State; toured deservedly
high'repu'Uiion'in thu'Ktstt imd tho
demand for ihuui nguLutyiiicresed with
every MU-on. Their thorough excellence,'
litul comparatively low price tended to
d live u similar class of goodi from other
countries out of the market, and jt
eomra that iu a short timo all com
(Ktition with them must cease. But,
already to the discredit of our utanufna
lurt rt, the high standnrd of the goods has
not Ikvii maintained, and fears are now
iwprcsod by dealorshero that the trade
in tlifo American products will mmii
become extinct." He says ktlmt it is h
burning nhainsilmt ao valuable a 'trade
should bo ruined by the use of poor
uiaUrial. nnd want of caw In tlieh
prcptinitton.'aul u'lh ush no. aro not 'or any other disease.
i Tho following letter from Judge Win.
Lawrence, fully explains itself.
First Comitkoller's Offick,
Washington, D. O., March, 12, 1881,
Hon. Columbus Delano. President
National Wool Growers' Association:
Dear Sir : You and others connected with
wool growers' associations having called
a ixaiioaai uonvenuon oi those interested
in tho wool industry, to bo holdcn in
Chicago, commencing May 7, 1 rospect-
fully invito your attention to the fact
that a call has been issued for "a mass
convention of the people interested in
evory possiblo industry of everv section
of this country to meet at Chicago, May
zi, looi, ior mo purpose oi organizing a
National Industrial Congress." This
call is published in tho Chicago Journal
of Commorcc of March oth, and states
that,
"Among interests which will be ropro
sen ted at tho Congress of 188-1 will be,
1. The latent resources of tho Pacific
coast in flax, beet sugar, wines ond semi-
tropic products, angora and mohair.
. The thix interests of the whole
country, of iibor and seed, and of linen,
thread, twine, and yarn manufacture.
3.' Tho ramie industry of the Southern
States, which may lie made to equal that
of cotton.
4. The hemp andjnto industry,
fi. Tho sugar iudustiy of cane, sor
ghum, and boots and corn,
(5. Tho wool and mohair industries.
. 7. A tinplate industry."
. You will thus preceivo that one, if not
the chief object of tho convention is to
consider the intorests of those ongaged
in agriculture in all forms. I respeot-
iiuiy BucKOsi, inorworo, mat you consider
whether it is not advisable to change tho
meeting oi too wooi-growors, gay, to .May
19th, in order that they may also unit'o
in tho mass meeting of May 21st. I
adviso this course It is a grent mistake
to suppose that wool growers nro the
only class oon among thoso engaged in
agriculture, ami glazing, who are directly
interetted in protoctincr and cncourairinir
tho wool industry, and inereating its
product. If.-ilocks of sheen-are di
miiushod, lnndajiow devoted to"graxing
mom, ana producing nay. una corn (o
feed them, must lie devoted, to, rastnR
wheat and other grains, thus increasing
me product oi uu-ho, and involving tho
dancer of overstocking tho market.
England ia now taking steps to increase
tho product of wheat iu tho nritiah East
Indies, au1 soon there will be no foreign
market for American wheat dr Hour.
Every grower of twheat has a direct
interest in encouraging tho wool industry,
so tlmt there may be an adequate home
market for wheat. The same may be
said aa to the nroducor of cotton, euirar.
cQrn, oats, barley, and other crops.
o nation cut was or can bo prosper
ous without duerf itied industries, making
aailublo tho poucr of steam and water
ith lahor-sning machinery. There is
at much ,neccwity for diversifying our
(iKiieiiiiiinu aim inua innusiric as ior
il nig so with others. It is time farmers
were uniting to consult as to their
interests and scArotliem, as they may if
tnoy w ill. u tlioy w ill not do this, they
w ill hao no friends.'nnd oa jx prominent
fnpnor of Wisconsin has ,aaid they will
agareoly deserve to have any.
r Very respccl fully, (,
v ' t William liAwitKsoi ',
"no 'allowing correpondence taken
uom ho Corvallis Leader is from the
P?nofMr. C. B. Wcll, of Philomath.
It gives a few of the principal points
regarding tho prevailing epidemic. Dr.
Joflerys, V. S., of this city, lia promised
to give us a treatise on this subject, but
having been called away so much of
late in professional capacity, has, been
unable to do so. Tho following seems
to us to answer tho question fully :
As there are at present a great many
sick'horfccs, and quiton number of very
valuable horses have recently died in
this county, the question very naturally
arises: What is the matter with the
horses and what is the cause of tie
disease!
Now I will givo vott my opinion of the
causo. It is Keeping them too closely
confined iu tho stable, and feed consantly
on dry feed, with little or no exercise;
very often in stables poorly ventilated.
If our horse owners will obsorve this fact,
that the horsos almost invariable get sick
in the winter season, when tho weather
is so' bud they cannot use them nor turn
them out of stable for ccerchc, but keep
them up in these poorly ventilated
stables, pampering them with' all tho
oats and hay they cane.it; and very
often tho hay eithermusty or very dusty
indeed. Henco tho horses' stomach
becomos entirely too full and causo a
pressuro upon tho heart and lungs,
interfering with the action of both, and
causing a rush of blood ti the hoad,
producing stupor. In somo cases the
animal becomos very dull and will hard
ly movo at all; and some will havo a
wild vacant stare about the eves, often
become frantio crazy or mad. Some
times ho becomes blind with pain and
agony, and in this stage ho does not
last long, but will fall hero and there
and beat his head against the ground or
fiido of tho barn until he dies, this last
stage being tho inflmmation on the brain,
and you need not doctor for it for your
timo will bo thrown away.
Now for my reasons, believing the dls
caBO arises from too much dry food, and
too little exercise. First, when we aro
using our horses rogularly they aro
healthy. Livery horsos, lmok horses,
mail carriers' horses, and nil horses that
are used regulary, do not have this blind
stagger. Horses do'not'have it in sum
mor time when they can be turned out
occasionally. Horses that run out in
tho winter and russel for their own living
and get poor do not have this complaint.
Yes, says One, it attacks the very best
horses in tho country, why is that!
This is very plain, tho best horses are
taken the most care of, kept in tho
stable and stuffed with dry feed from
one weok.to another, and barely led out
to wator ; but if'you havo an old plug,
tnat mo whole family use lor every
errand, then turned out with a slash
across tho rump with the bridle into a
very poor pasture, this horso will never
die with the blind staggers. So I would
recommend less feed when your horses
are idle; use carrots, ground oats, bran,
and let them run out, lot them wallow
in tho' mud, it will do the horses good,
nnd will also give you good exercise
to scratch tho dirt oil.
Hoping these few lines will bo n benefit
to somo one, I remain yours for. Iho
benefit of humanity, and also the good
horses in the country.
CLKHART CARAIA6E HARNESS HF6 CO.
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urooovMram wamm, gnrati somi i
ynu otder la not alii
employ Jio went, and If Q
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!f err pv mp"m.
m Jirurar fuen rati lri 1
this ume-M otherx cell at 1130.
Top QgVK at m nne aa
timulir sold for si2u to I
r HirnfM are ui no. i t
Tenthfn. Kirwle. MSMIto:
Vtirrrthtn full warrantM.
inra hnrlnif. Mnd frtf nii Iltitat!
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SEDGWICK STEEL WIRE FENCE.
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It Ibt onlj gnittl pirpoM Wlra Fne la dm, btlsg Btron
inp, pigs, incp ana poaiiry, i
rpoM Wir finn Is dm, btlsg Btrona Nat-work wlthcmi Barb, n will Ion
Iha nno let turn, gtrdcal, itook raagai and railroad!, and Tcrf naat for laVnt, pat k, ihool lota and eaaa
Uriai. Covtrad with ruit-proof paint (or KalraniEed) It will lait a lifetlma. It It 8uparlorto Boards or
ak for It a fair trial, knowlnz It will wear Itaelf lata favor. TfctWcdanrlclr
BaaVb4lll(ria Ita alTatfT T9tMCt. Wl
Haita, mad of wrought iron ptp and tel wire, defy all competition In Mtlntw.ttrpngtb and doitWlltj.
Wa alio make tba baat and cheatest All Iron AatoxDatio or 8elf-Opniar Oate. alio Obeapeat and Veal
m hf w ,?ttU WMftofpaiiialag .water, nr ceared cntflnes tor grlndlnK and otter
UgHt work.
ForprlCPinndnirtlcuIantalc hardware doi
SEDGWICK BROS. MTr..
doalHrs.nraddresamentioaiDg paper.
Hl"l IUi 3f U'lC UUU I U
Richmond. Indiaiia,
Sl.OOw-COX'S TRIAL OFFER OF
New and Scarce
EEDC
$300 FOR
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Tb order to induce eTtry
ono to cive our aeedi ft trial.
we Villi lend by mail poat-
pcai pam, on receipt 01
(I Qfl0cerjac'"lseeach
aPl.UUof the followinc
New Varieties : The Boss
5? Watermelon, tbe sweet-
est and beat market melon.
Cuban Queen Water
melon! the largest Water
melon grown; prize melons
have weighed from 80 to 100
It3. Lettuce S Uow
Seed Butter, a new cab
bage variety. Lettuce
f Jmber Crrum Sweet Corn, of dellcloui awtetncaa; prodncc
!' rfi'i I lflu Xnimali. lrM xerx IxrcA. aa minvu 94 Knuashea h.lrto
pinluicdon a biii,ie Ino Jluskmelou liny ilew. A merlean Wonderl'ean. the earliest tweet
wrinaicii pea. iiu i rniirioro iiiirhri unillinowerl early; very large, pare white Head!.. Earl
HiiniliH'rCHlilinxe, IhuU.HcarlvBiM.aft. I'remlunt Flat Hatch Cabbage, trie beat Utve, late
varietlea. IVrlccilm IliMnrll tlery, lnrj;c, Bolld, white, ol the flneit flator. Bloomdale
I'rarl OBlOIJ.lXtraLirlv. rUrc Hllitti. IllrUln Viirlv PnmlnTanMnalrh. Ullllw a"wm.
1'iir.nlpn. I.illnc :,.. i.tho earliest Llood turnip beet. Danvtr'a Uair-Lsnz Carroll.' best
vaalr. .iJatit ll.H.. jl w blha c a .. T
'"""' tmicij. icnriii'.n nana ipme iicnmoer. tew rial newer tomato. r.Ter
CTCfn Mlllit. ici forage plant. MAILtU f BEK-..k.'8 8F.EB ANMIJlI, COB 1884; tbe
delcrlptlona a,d pr ceof l.u-trilr. Flower, Field, raa, 1 ver and TreeSetdat Tree and
JIwer beedi mtUu.nT h I'ailflo VfMt; Auitralian Treee and shrub Seedi; Fruit Xreea ad Small
Frulln All thiUilctiee best wlipWil for the Padfldtoajt.' Many New acd Bate Eeeda and Plant Iren
Japan. ,nd for hW OATAIXWCE. Addrear , , ,-
Thomas A. G6x& Co., 409 SansbmeSt., San Francisco, Cal
in ovrrnatmo ,
Blark Rrrdnl Slimuitti.
1,120 good earn frotn 1 4 InPa
FRESH -.SEED'S I
NEW FIRM 2
NEW STOCK ! NO OLD STOCK
WARMED OVER!
Thn 1iuti.a.sd Nun.sF.iiY and Sekd Company lias just rectiveil a lot of superior
seeds, mul is now prepared to fill largo or srnall orders at Eastern prices. ,
WT (JAT.UiOGUK 1-KKK. SEND FQJt ONE to
IS8I POI.TL.iKD NURSERY AKD SEED CO.,
fo,,1,f. 82 Jforrisou Street, rortlarid, Oregon
Ella 4 SU(tn4ialn.
A' oiiiion of I. ana county siys of
kliiHi t.ioni : t
1 nill not try. to civeaoy eiplan'klioii
of the muhp if Iw tli), lm will givo
a rctutruyVuwli UI lxlound.effoe.ve
in wool cae: tiivo horwa rait tlirvo
I jino a wook, tuhting n tablwxvMi(ul of
ln, ami ono of sulphur. No horso
want of oaiv In tlit!i trcutol in this inaimerii liable to stagger
V Tne Harkotlni or Wool.
Tho wool exchange and grading houe
alioiit tobe eHtablished in this city will
bo hii important factor in tho wool in-
duiitry of Orogon and Washington. The
marketing of our wool product'has al
ways hocu attendod with inconvenience.
'-If hold in Portland, it has been with un
certainty as to its leal grade and value
In market, and thn producer knows too
well that the buyer taken tho benefit of
all doubts. 'If scut to San Francisco or to
the East in coninu'twon forsalo there) its
handling has been bydlfintexvited hnhds
whoso honesty the funnor -must trust.
TliuiNoriltem Pacific this fall, nilbrded
the jadvintago of direct emipmont, but
the producer in sending his wool direct
to tbe East sullVrod the inconveniences
of dealing at long rango in' a: strange
markotand.witk 'strangers. n exchange
and grading house here will afford mar
ket facilities equal to thono of the great
centers, an 1 will grade and raluo the
wool uiidir the producer's own eyo. An
important-local effect'-'wiU be to ghre
Portland benefits which' in the rJast hao
largely been eiijoVdkhy,3an,FraneiooVj
and nbieiMt was reared would uetlirect-
ei to tne i-is'.
When wool growers can tee by "ocu
lar di iniuictnuion'' tlmt tlio nroduction
of wll bred and elesn wool pays better
than roar, and dirty fibres, they will,
it j to lo hopoj, givo' more, lattcutioh to
the grading ami care i of their Hocks.
Tho prottuct of 'thoj "VViUaiuetto'Yalley,
and of tlie Umiirjna-Tnlley.'too.'lias do
terioiated steadily jluringj tho pnt five
ear, tho chango helBK 'niado conspieu-
im.i ov nit; tiiuniiy tH'.lllv iiu.uu.-u,i!i inv
tlioqu.ilitypf Ear.t,,ru,OixrivfI- 1
one section sliuooi jterk-ct nituni) cpndi
lions of climate, ami feed aro relied upon
to maintain tho rharacter of tbe llockf,
the rneis giving only rusual attention
to thi-j lir.uu'li of u geneial fanning bui
no, and as a natural result tho original
Hnatles have run down nnd out. In thot
uyier wi ti.ii, vvmi-rt ,uui4turai i-ouui-tionaw
not m) fawrablo, thoro has beeu
intelligent importation of blood and tlio
result is oon in better prices. Orygo-
VcAn
Established in
1667.
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FURNITURE & CARPET DEALERS.
nl ?,? wrLAND.oBE00N.
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Hotels, Banting Houses, Pniati
nesioences & steamboats.
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tutt Um Taslra. fr M rpwaral,
.! r Srlt. fr toe Epwarat,
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And Tinners' Stock
ALL KINDS
FOR SALE BY
fiicelaior
Sfc.v
LOUIS, MO