Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887, January 18, 1884, Page 4, Image 4

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    WUfAMETTE H-AEMEB: SALEM, OREGON, JANUARY 18, 1884
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imaed every Wck by the
WULAMr.TTK tt'Uiltl.K I'l iti ihiiim; CO.
TKKMS OF SUJ.hURiniO.N.
Ona year, (Postair-paid) In adtancc I 2 00
Itx mouths. (Tostatro ptul), In atlrantu ., 1.21
iH! thin six months will be, per month 21
ADVHKMSINO RATM :
Advertlsomsnts will be Inserted, providing tn arc
HtM. it the fol lowing tablo of raus :
Oilns of splice per month 9 2 60
terse lufiiis of spaco per month fi 00
fno h-elf column per month 3600
0J column per month ..... SO 0C
t?$.tupln roptm Rent frco on application
rabllcalloti OHIce- J.O. 6 Wasniijjtoa Street, t'p
lairs, room) No fianil T
HSNSr VILLARD.
being frosted over with enow aa icicle
inoro is a gtcat ttcai to saciy in u i jfr. Henrv Villnrd waslately a puttee
before Ave open tlio bookMany of tlx ,ng financiers and to nil appearances
advertisements nre gotten tip riolily (r t i,,i a position that was invincible
Notice to Siiliscriliers.
Orrtcrer Wiilami-ttf T 'iiMm, 1
1 o'iriiary in, 16S3
To oca ItFADFRs t
We publish onl a anflflnt number if the Fabmbii
to supply actual prrpiM subscriber an 1 wo cannot sup
ply back numbers.
If it Is debircd h) subscribers 1 1 set tiro all allies the)
taint arrange to send In their rntcuais In ample time
to reach tnii olfiio before expiration
iVMl jiiWrib- ,in tell l tlm printed taonTMl
Cjrtncir papir ii-mliy wncn tntir unit win t j lie .
Another Important point: AM, COMMUNICATIONS
AXD LETTKUS SHOULD UK AUIlItUFSI D TO HIU
"Mil i.aii i.iii: i A it in it ,"
this especial numbcrnttd the book con
tains Christmas tyul other stories not
usual to it. OiiCiiiiig.tho hurnber we
find pigo nflcMage. of interesting and
charming nutter and illustrations. The
loiicsnre by favorite authors, ono being
by "Hob" Xlttrdctto of the Ilawkoyc.
Tlio Miller is ically a fine publication
and give- it monthly icviow of tho mil
ling business to which it is devoted. All
whoaie interested in tint busino-s, if
they lmc not nheiely done so, fihould
t.iKo and rend tlio Northwestern Miller.
all PArFns ni&coxTiNrKii at the km
HON OF Tllfc TlMK PAID 1-01!.
erANYONK Ri:CKI INCi A UOl'Y OP
THIS PA'lT.R WILL COKSlUJ.It IT AX
INVITATION TO KUHSCMl!!:.
IMPORTANT NOTICE.
Dont Scud Money (o us through
Agents.
"Willi tho piosent low l.ilo at which
Fosrw, Non.s'can be ptitchascd on any
money older ollice wc must in-dst upon
our subscribes buying them and temit
ting to us diiecl. It wins that agents
l.ilte llio money anil elinige us for the
fee, and all the way fiom 10 cents to 2.1
cents addition il. This is not liglit and
we shall hei'eiiftci eicdil tin- subciiboi
for just what money we ut'cive. Our
only agents aio J, II. McChmg, Eugene
"Miller Hios., Pottland; J". L. Kinton, Al
bany; Win. Ojnii-, Scio; and Jno. W.
Tlolnnd, .lelfc'ison. All of whom do il
for nothing, AVe nlo hnc a Mr. Shnlp,
who is in AVitshingtou Tonitorj it( pies
cut, who has authoiity to i-olieit. This
Older will in novvi-o intoifeie with those
who got up ncighboi hood club? ami who
are indivdually and pcisonally known.
The immigration overland continues
to bo sternly and nuny settlers aro locat
ing' claims nil through the country.
Tho winlei is so mild tlut people cm
J! nd thoir way about in conifoit and eas
ily locate themselves. Nc.uh all of
Xoilhcrn AViwco tonuty is t. l , up and
hundicds of new farms i bung
opened. The Mime is tine oi all the
Upper Country and alwi thioiigb We
tetn Wi'ishington and Oicgon, W may
look fin a heavy iinmigi.ition in the
--piing .mil a good eiop nc.t Mimmei
Mill encouiag Hottlem lit initio l.ipidly
ih.ni oei
Tin: itUHiii. mildiuiMiii the w infer
is favorablo for wheat la his and woid
comes fiom all quintet tint fall sown
yiaiii looks well and giow nijndly.
The mild weather encouraged fiuil hudn
to swell and may caiinc d.imnge again
by iiidiieing pieiu.iluie fiuiting, as w.ts
he cao la-t year. So far as looks e.tn
-.iy thi on hards promise gieat ptiulue
iion nud wilhtjiit muiio litHhaps tbete
villboa big ,ield Tin- n. to bn the
Jiioto dewiicd bceau-o we luw.sueh .in
nleitNive nmikot fot nil wu can 1.11-e in
the notthein eountiy between lino and
Si 1'aiil. and, indeed, at t l'utl ili-olf.
CoNcniMNll Till whr.lt liliukit il i
not easy to say nun h. noiu nning it. fu
tmc iiuiUcib look W't,. uiu'uitiun Out
xpottcifi li.no theii niiiidh very muiotih
over their hhipmuit iit oil' Miao hai
voet tib theii eoiiesixtndents demand
heavy ni.tigiiih'foi currjing them, being
feaiftil that iniees will drop and lenvo
Oipiu loinrs. That bomg theconditfon
f o.portei-s it is evident lh.it niutterh
.110 vny uneoilain as to wheat prospects.
The btocks on hand in llniope, and ido
In Anieiic.i, iii-e lmger than uiial. If
them is any delicioney or oven a rhortm t-
of oiipply it hiiould appeal r-oon. but the
indications uio not in that dlrution o
far our wheat giowoin have had the boM
pi ice they could ovpect and opvitoih
tiny larger than tht, could ically ulhnd
V do not cxHvt any d ided improve
niont U'foi-o 1-Vbniaiy and. are not m
MUiguiun ns wohavv Inch that it will
come then.
Om: or tho most uu'upio publieatioiw
wo bavo evev foon i the holiday nwmbti
of the Northwestern MHUrJ published tit
Minneapolis. TJiU i's a claoi pni"r tie
voted to tho milling huslnu, o wo did
not expect lotltul it, what illn, thoirally
jiiot UMUtlful nml appropiinto CluM
miw publicntion we jUato reccivi-d. The
titln pjgo la a lYpiMttiaUon ofiinifir
.cencs (ho vagjp.vv
Wi. jii.t a good friend of the FvnMF.u
tho other day, who said people were
mi-ieproenting our jioiition among his
neighbors. When ho tried to get up a
club among them they said they heard
the: r.uiMMt was in favor of monopoly
and oppo-pd to taxing mortgages. Ho
ashurcd thrni he l.aJ read litis piper foi
many years and endon-ed our position
on most subjects fully, that we had
alwnyn itdvoctilxil National and State
..,...(...1 f ...:i i i ...l ,i.
'IUA iiuiitmiis lUKi ujipo-i'tt 111(3
way land grants were made and that wo
favoml tnving money ah much as other
propei tv wii" taxed Our friend was cn
tiielv comet in hi- bttttenients. AVe aro
as bittoilv opposed to raihoad monop
oly and undue taxation bv coroiations
us is jHissible and if we hud the framing
of the law no eorpointion would ever
handle an aeio of the jtublic lauds. As
fo money being laved we believo tho
stiicte-t law should govern aws-ors to
get a ptopet tttuin of money and its
ujtic-cntalivcs nud sevcic pcmltioh be
enfoieed on all who tiv to evade the law.
There is nothing new m this foi the files
of tho I'UiMKit will show that we have
always stood light there. AVe cv pressed
our viows on land giants years ago when
Mi. Mitchell w.h in-the Senate.
Tin: Cecun d'Alfm: mines seem to
piontise very gw.it micccrs to thoo who
may bo foitunitte, though mining does
not lcwartl the gieater number of tho-o
who attempt il Tliete seems no doubt
that the mines ate evtensivo and rich.
Lvery mining region has its own.pccul
iai formation fiood mincin have been
ibrough thoro mountains prospecting,
but lio indications did not conesponil.
with what thoy weie used to so they diet
not attempt oven to pto-peot. It is now
found that gold, r-iber, and lead all, exist
in the same quartz lead, and tho placer
mines aro rich in gold. The mining toi
litory is veiy e.vtetiMve ami wilt afl'ord
woik for thousand's of men. In tho
epiing theio will bo a great lush thithei,
but in my who go will be ilNnppointcd.
The man who has goexl occupation can
not iilliitd to leave it to go to any mines
qui -hould ht.iy ttl home and attend to
his icgulai busine-s. In tho early times
we know many who went to the milieu
went there nuir-elf and only a very few
eei got even on it. o havo cell
mini tomob.uk (o (licit faints that
had bien tented foi a tetiit of yp,tl- -to
iiud ewiything gone to sneck and them
m'Ims )oourbv (hout-ands than when
thoy went to the uiino-..- Let (ho-o who
have nothing eUo to do go to tho t'o'iir
d Mono untie-, oi to anv othn minev
A r mil indibtpil to some of our eon-teni)iatie-for
very nice notices of the
Wii i on ni Paismi ii. Thev aecotd ti
the eicdit of working for tho fanners of
the i omit rv .faithf ull , of untie lst.iuding
their needs and -upplviiig the journal
tho I'liiuttiv ltecil-.. We ctttainly have
this tbjeet al hctit and do all that is
potx-ililc (o forwaid the welfaic f pro
ilttcei-. The PvitMl it was Waited jttit
lilteen ycatr. ago and has most of that
tunc been unih r the ptv-ent ni.innge.
mi nt. ling neipitiintanec ,. with the
country and familiarity with it- method
and iiip.ibilitio-. enable iih to do justice
to tho oauo wo rene and wc hojic to
merit the commendation the Yakima
Signal nud otht f friendly newp i-xti-ai
eotd u- It i- no trivial matter to
make a join mil Milted to a gnat tegioiiV
agriculture, but wo do tho tttwor.m
and de pond greatly on the as-i-tnniv of
otht i join mil. 'I ho Curt t--tu wc rt-
leivcdof tho Yakima Signal, called out
file as-etloii that it wits edited with tt
UMul ability nud fttrnislnvl mueh infi
nt.ittoli i.miotiiuig tint lcgmn, nud
it dito- htill. Yakima cotiittv is fot
tute in having ably conducted journals
Take iho I'acilio Northwest at hn-gc and
it will i-how one httndresl hx-al joutniK
ilinnigb it length and breadth tlint cm
not U' expelled in any similar region
It iiewpuKr-. eoinr-poinl with 't- gcti
cinl progress mid development .unl .no it
good average.
.ig.iin-t any who might choose to bo his
cnciiiic'-. He came here, n few months
ago, as a princt ly host outrttniiiing men
of American and Kufipem celebrity.
Ho was pioud, uvitlently that ho had
accomjdished so great a woik ns the
railroad that connects Portland, Oregon,
and I'ugct Sound, with tho great lakes
and tho Atlanti" ocean. It was justifia
ble pride and lie exercised it in no arbi
trary orimpropur spirit. Thofow weeks
that have pawed since then have been
eventful and one result has been to pull
down tho fame of A'lll.irtl and scatter
hi-prido and his millions to tho winds.
No such tremendous eytll tpo has ever
eiccurud in American finance, it oven
surpasses tho wild panic of 187.1, caused
by tlio Northern Pacifts collapse when
tho failure of Jay Cooko it Co , aston-
i-hed tho financial v.orM. T.I,. Villard
by his succcs-, hnd ciotted confidence in
himself, that ho ovidently sh.ued. Ho
believed all hi entctprises tleserved suc
cess and confidently expected to realize
it. Ho advised his friends to investwith
him and when tho crisis camo ho sank a
million dollars to save others from the
common ruin. The world never saw a
fortune built up so lapidly to melt away
so suddenly. The man who three
months ago stood unquestioned as the
head of six groat corporations that con
trolled ncaily two hundred millions of
capital, now sets dethroned and btokon
spirited, prostrate in purse, in mind and
in body. As he looks around he sees
his friends bewailing their los-os by
millions. The allies of hi- cntcrnrUes in
Pot tlonil have nnk ovei.il millions of
(lollms. AVhero he was known and he
liovcel in, through New England, hun
dreds ate almost beggcted by their
los-cs in what wcto known as ''Yillarel
htetck-," and ruin actually stales many
in the face. They placed their feiilunes
on "margins," those margins aio swept
away, the stocks are sold to make the
broker good, and their tens of thousands
have melted This general tuiii and
elisastcr, extending across a continent
fiom ocean to ocean, has prostrated
thousands anil crippled the trade of a
great region. .There aic consequences,
too, that oiled many because this
collnp-o tompoiiirily stojis a great
deal of work and throws thotuanels
out of employment. There are many
in Oitgon who inditectly sufler as a
ic-ultoltlie gic.it downfall in A illard
stocks.
All thi- Mr. Villmd see and grieves
ovei. He was no doubt lione--t and sin
ccte in his confidence; all tho tumble is
that he i- a few ve.ii- in advance of the
time. If he could have caitied his
afl'dith along without loss of eonfidonce
ho would have rettlied all he oxpeietod.
Now that he i depo-ed and probably
mined in. foi tit no, we cm allbrd to elo
him ju-tice. AVe believe he was thoi-
onililv hrme-t. from his .-t.iiiilrinint. nml
-;.' ' i
lu-f conduct while in nowei showed him
to be libeial and de-iiotts of being just.
He MK'iificed himself for- hi- friends in
the last client .unl fetr that the world
tcspect-him I (chid unbounded faith
in Otegon and the Pacific far West and
hitft elono -i) much for our section that
woean ill alibi d to unnecessarily blame
him. He gave us miltond connection
with lite l..ist and only for him there is
no telling when it could have U-on ac
complished. If we compare his life and
character with that of any othoi raihoad
magnate wo find that he was broidei in
mind and had moio sympathy with
mankind. AVe fully believe that our
State lost a good friend when he lost
powei, and hope that he will eollect
enough from the wreck of hi foi tune to
make linn an independence (.ambling
in Wall stteet is as evil as any othn
gambling and far inoro ruinous. The
truth is that our railroad building i only
gambling on a large scale and the man
who U engaged in it according to the
inethtvds of Wall htieet, intti be honest
from Ins standpoint, but it t- not .in hon
est standpoint. I!ailroul aio built on
i icdlt and the whole ertilit -v-tcitt is evil,
anil mat conununilv.
STOCK RAISING AND DRAIN" FARMINt.
An Intercstlns tetter on the Wool Industry
or Eajt-rn oicgon How to Combine ,
Wool an! Drain Qrowine
iX
ir- .
si. -X1'
... T!..
Ill- - N
THE WOOL TARIFF
viol gnves i olive litKiii tJli liiet
Halles ill Oi tuber jt t eibt it i-
liUlon in which it ileinaiideel ol ttrCou
uiemen tlt.it they should u-e their
ellbrts to tv-tmv the tm ill' on wovd. Ml.
-slater iinvers through the Standard and
quotes slati-ttts lo piove that when xx
h. been h!ghe-t the dlitits have lvn
Jlovwst. Ho pisttlvcly dc lines tttitttempt
what he calls "the folly" of uying to
keep" up high ilu ties. Ho cii. the i.
i nne imi't l cut dowu arid wool gxiw
AVr il vv i rvei neil ftvun SenuUii Sinter
ti pae'k igo of seed as distrihutisl by the
lXipnitnipi.t of Agriculture. TJiey'i omj e r cnn-k m citvption in the ojkt.i
pti-e Kmly lllood turhip, S.ilaniaiitU'r, lion of just pnneipie-u . All wo have to
lettuce, Anu-iicju. Savoy leavidspinnaehsav ih that Mi. Sl.iteri actingteoii'-ist-.feiscy
.Mountain spruut v,iter molon. etyly with his xiewmi- n free, tnidliein
iiiul the red, npjx'klesl valentine benti, atnit tuul utaiu,- hi-iio-itioii,vvith
AVe tender S-iutor Sinter mtr thanks for! nbilitv..but iln.-o who favor iwtiviion
ilie-amo, t . I will not 1k apt to agrrc with hint Jill
. i : ' -
l.a-t of tho Cascades it U .1 Merino
wool grovvitig country so c.xtcn-ive that
ET-tern Oie'gon, though a largo country
is not peihaps one-third of il. Yet the
best south of the California line for
giovving wool cheaply and with little
risk. Yet elifleteut distticts diffei in that
lespect, and in none would I advi-e lo
depend entirely on gr.i7ing alone to e.irty
sheep thiough all winters. There are
"ome who do so nnel with gieat success
so far. I made tho aequaintanco of a
gentleman of over sixty years who went
into the ea-tcrn poition of AVnco coun
ty about 50 miles south of the Columbia
river, seven years ago with 1,"00 head of
sheep. Throe of his sons went with
him or followed him; the family now
own 7,500 sheep and thoy don't attempt
(o put up food for anv thing but their
saeldlo hoises' lJuring lite very h veto
weather of three' v ears ago the fathets
counsel to the sons was- "Now is your
time to rustle, scatter v our sheep along
the sleep breaks of tho canyons. The
coyotes will kill some every dty, but that
is nothing to what vou will lose if you
kcop on hetding them." 'Ibis was done,
and they got through with a small jtto
portionato loss. Tho location they live
in is most favorable to this method anel
i suppose was chosen for that rea-on.
A'ery different from tho foregoing i
the method of David II. Smith, fot inetly
of Marion county, now near Fossil, in
Wasco county. Early in 1S77 he went
into that country with '20') head of sheep
from tho AVillamette. Ninety -five of
which wcto stout bodied, oat -e wooled
owes. During that summer, in addition
to tending hi- little flock, be puichacd
by hi ltbot fifty head ef yen lings and
tivnyeai-old ewc, making his bicedets
lt."i in number. The lamb ctop of 1S78
neatly doubled his Hock. Ut has -inee
sold COO besieles taking all the mutton
he has used at his house and sheep camp
and occasionally killed for' neighbor.
Ho has spent in four year" foi the bo-t
Spani-h merino bucks he could get an
aggregate of IjDOO. Heha now a flock
of 1,700 head, 1,000 of which he thinks
will average 10 pounds pet head of high
grade Merino ileete. His place is a
bheltet cd valley near the timber line of
tho Ulue mountain- and as security for
his htt-inc-s against bad weather ho puis
up all tho hay he can in stacks judi-ciou-ly
distributed on his land so as to
give his stock the most shelter po-sible
jet get the gicatestpo--tb!e advantage
to the land from feeding the ciop upon
it. For the fact must not be lost sight
of that time does come storms occasion
ally undei which all the attention and
all the feed which can be given, without
shelter, will not prevent heavy lo--. For
this reason the location of the home oi
wintoi l.inch foi wotd L-ieiwiiigpiiipo-es.
is a point of the very lust con-ideration
With -holler water is also a point of
fust impoit-tucc I tegitrd it as the veiy
liist beeiu-e nitifici.il shellei can Ik con
-ttucted with moie certainty than watet
cm b scented in many places which
give these- ate veiy favot.ible for wool
growing, 'the sv stent of holding away
fumi the winter range dining the slim
mer months is gene-tally followed. Mo-t
itoe'k owners pteferniig to drive to the
inountnitts nemcst their home pliuc So
geiifr.il has this pincthe hie onto that
ranges in the Dlno mountains within
convenient reach fiom bumh 1:1.1--
plains of Wa-eo and Umatill 1 cmntu -
ntc sometime oveierovvded It w 1- -.1
much so la-t ummci in the vie mile of
1-one ltoik and Fo-sil, that ownu- mid
me the sheep that had been glazing on
blliieh grtis- were in better mndiiiou
than tho-e which hid been sii'iniu-tcd
in the mountains. This is no' o mm i,
.1 sign that that di-trict is fully -tucked
with sheep (it is my judgement it is not
half stocked) .1- that theie are change
going 011 in tegard to the ovvneiship of
these hunch gnis plain- that will force
.1 e'lutige m tho method- of sheep hus
bandly. Now a until owning perhaps
not more than HiO auv- of land own-
10111 1,000 to ."i.OOO shiep. simieiudei-d
inueri above the highe-t tigtiios given
Siteh owner- have bent 111 the habit of
claiming fiom one to four sheep c,imp
ncur their hollies forwiittcnatige These
eamps an' o el.timcd bisvau-e of a -up.
ply of v.tiir These nii'iral watering
places tire being anxiou-ly sought after,
e'dgirty taken .is Immi-lead silo- for
wheat hum-. It m.iitvis. .. ,. 1...11. I . .
.... ' "i-i.ni mtr entp m xvjte.i'. oat or ive-htv
ulin.1l blrltmit. on (1..-.. I 1 . . s .. . . t hi IH Jl,l
!. " iiivii: nun- print" in
I ,
watering laciiiues, anu sumo ,uc uiuvu
ing thcirilocks into new disti ict. Both
of these methods will go on and other
changes be added until the v alley of tho
Columbia will be stocked with ten times
the sheep it now has. I fully believe this
is possible; allowing that tho mot' san
guine expectations jet indulgeel as rc
gaiel" tho suitability of tho land, for
wheat production will be fulfilled, of
which I will pay in pa-sinf, I have much
doubt. It w ill bo remembered by some
of tho leaeleisof thoFutMi.K that two
v oars ago I could not lccommend wheat
raisins in that country as a sole depend
mice. Since then fvohfuvest soa-on
havo passed, one of which diel not letinii
the seed sown in much of the bunch
grass land-, and the other giving a better
crop (ban was expected, it is true, but
yet nothing lo become excited about.
Tho opinion hptc cxpiesseil is not -o
much the result of my own obsei various
as of information gathered fiom tesi
di'tits of that lounriy, who have much
bettei mciiu- o." fanning a cortcet esti
mate. While many, who then strongly
eloubted of theii Iuiiels yielding remun
erative ciop-, acknowledge themselves
stirpiised.it lesults attaineel last jear.
Still they think nnny places that two or
four years ngoweio hcltlas -beep camps
by (lock owners who horded on them a
fc.v months only of each year, will in tc
or six ypats to come either bo for sale to
stock raiseis or their ownets will join
stock raising to wheat farming as n
means of living. In some of tho richest
of tho-e localiries, like tho plains lto
twoen the Deschutes anel John Day, in
the mid-t of which the Rollins settle
ment is loc.ttPil, the cultivation of the
land may become tho ptevailing ocup 1-
tion , but such localiries in extent bear a
very small juopottion to the entile area
of Eastern Oicgon, over tho most of
which it will he difficult to get enough
arable land on which tiill'icicnt winter
feed cm be utisod to give reasonable
sccuuiy to stock lai'sjng as a main pin
suit. At pre-out thosu who have stock
and ate scatcc of winter feed .11 c begin
ning to calculate what thoy can afl'ord
to pav for the stacks of straw left in the
fields of those who fanned for wheat last
year and to some of (horn tho privilege
of herding nf poition of the summer or
wintet from these wheat fanning home
steads is atso iiccoming a suuji ct lor
calculation. This being so betneen par
ties who are pursuing the divoise lines of
wheat laising and stock glazing, scorns
to 1110 to point plainly to practicability
of joining the two together under ono
ownu -hip, whether it bo individual or
company owneiahip. In regard to this
I.ittei fot in of application of labor and
capital it seems to me tho situation in
l.a-leiu Otegon is peculiaily suitable
for joining stock with xv heat growing.
Take for instance the Blnlock company,
they have a Luge body of land inclosed
on which last season near 200 car loads
of wheat was produced. The wheat land
was scatleicd within the enclo-uie The
gram was cut with he.uleis leaving I
piositine considerable low grain standing
in the stubbhu. Tito straw piles loft bv
the thieshing midlines vvete a rich
mine of vvintei food for anv kind of
iock anel to feed that on the ground to
sheep, letting them at the same time
gather all thej could horn the stubbles
and unbioken grass lands within theen-elo-ure,
would give a wintet kicome from
tin- land crpu! to the summer grnin
crop in value. It seems to me .1 elivi-ion
ti nceacio- that body of land in altern
ate sides of which the gi.iitt crop should
be raised in alternate jeais with sheep
M utilize the -ttaw piles and convert it
into manuif would give moie than a
double return of money from the land.
Some mny think the-o rich uplands'
(winch are alnviunis deposittd by the
winds instead of waters) will ntverwear
out. but at the veiy beginning of their
cultivation it has been demonstrated
that an old sheep camp or lambing
giound is the best foundation for a
...im-l r. i 1 mi . j
nut-di iicm -iic mo main iequiie
ments tor joining sheep and wheal bus
lmndrj on the upland- aie watei for the
stock and lumber fot shelter and fencing.
Theie is a veiy laigo extent of K.ist
emOiegotl in which giain raising will
not 101110 into the cdculatiohs of tho
wool grower except in the shatx f
win at, oat- onye buy, a- a meuns of -e
citrttv .tirainst sne-ll. nf ln.l u. ..,!...
Fhire is itntih land on which h.iv tnak-
ra-c5 of any kind yet known m'
I Oregon eannot be grown, that will yi, Id
?,,vi1'-' stt
WUhh,n,,.f
ih n sure tiieiiu, or euining a living
fiom thi-1 unl or not, tin -e 11 uiinil wat
enng pi uiv. tussl cing rapidly taken from
the free u-oof sheepowims whottinuut
nt prejvfttt purchase thotu and will I
think, foiee ttther n chingo of man
agfii.ont or a ilnng,. e,f l.vathm
Some who are nbln to buy up deeded
land, (i. e, hnds to which i S patents
has Usjh Mviinnl nn-lfr the hoiii.0ad
One of the tir-t efl'Lcts of fiirm'ing f,',r
wheat on the bun. h-gms-s lands now b.
ing taken up for that purpose a;t.l whh h
11.1M n.retoioro U-eu Used fjr wool glow
ing, will U to drive tlock owners e.ut
wanl and routhwanl onto land. ,
di.tanf fiom the Coluinbia river and
railroad hues, and tijioti which it seem
tome grain pnxluction for export cannot
be a pursuit. The great Pro-vm,.,-, r
uiai nun en land m i;
permanent wool gtowing country. Much
of it has not yet been touched with do
mesticated sheep, and is yet grazed by
cattle and hordes. Tho measure of rela
tive profits between tho tlirco kinds of
stock is found to bo so much in favor of
sheep that the latter aro T-radually takinr
t he ranges from tho others. Of cour-o
there can be no precise statement of
profits of the business made as there are
hardly two men who pursue the business
alike, anel localities differ as much as
systems of management, for which ro 1-
son yo can find many instances of men
who had been u-c,l to the successful
care of sheep all their lives in oihe, con
ditions make n complete failure in ii!..,.
en. Oiegon in the near ncighbothood of
nieti wuo weio entitely new to tho bu-i
ness. Three years ago one of my own
sons, ,n company with two other young
Oiegonians, had got safely thiough throe
j eats out of five they had given thorn
solves to"mako a raise." They had a
good supply of accumulated focel (straw)
anel their past season hay and grain crop
with which to go into tho fourth winter
In spite of exertions that drow admira
tion of their neighbors, their loss was
ovei 07 per cent, of a flock of 1,300 head.
A man utterly without experience bought
out the lemaindcr of thoir flock and
cle.ued by reselling within the time their
five yeais would havo expired nino thou
sand dollars. Xear their locations wero
parties who claimed to be able to teach
otheis how to run sheep profitably who
were "cleaned out" by that storm, never
to attempt wool growing again. On tho
other hand another neighbor new to the
business lost, 05 per cent., but with the
lomnaht kept on and in three years that
lemnantof 500 increased to l.fiOO head
of m onh meed value. From this it will be
seen the way to succcsful wool growin"
oast of the Ctscaelcs cannot bo taught on
paper; that oven ptcvioiis success in
other countries and conditions is not a
guuantee.
Under faioiablo conditions the annual
gt oss eai nings of a flock of 1,000 to 2,000
ewes is fully 100 kt cent. Under like
favorable conditions tho wool alono will
pay running expenses and often interest
on tho investment besides. As these
conditions cannot he taught, the beirin-
ner should have in addition to his flock
good common sense and pluck enough
to adapt himself to the locality in which
he locates. There are men in Eastern
Oiegon who never go in sight of their
sheep except to have them counted, who
ai-e making money by letting out sheep
to keep on shares to men who know tho
general conditions of the locality whero
they lieut. Iltoso flock owners I have
found often careless as to their lino of
breeding. They seem to legaul their
investments a- only being tempotarilyin
wool gi owi ng. Those who seem to havo
ctbptccl that as a permanent business
almost uniformly breed steadily to tho
heaviest fleece merinos they can get.
The largest number of new beginners
follow' in the same line. Fiom the great
scarcity of fencing material on these ex
tensive graving lands tho means of giv
ing the best cue to good bucks aro ex-'
cejitional and as a result thoy aro often
the fiist sheep lost in a bad spell of win
ter weather; this added to natural causes
mnkes a steady demand for that kind of
sheep. An active demand for mutton
un-ettle- some wool giowersanel thoy
tempotarily turn to some of the English
breeds and then grade to meet this de
mand, but I believe always with loss so
far .13 wool growing is the principal
source of profit, and f,om the nature of
the climate, I think the cast side of the
Ca-c.ides is not only a merino country
so far as wool growing is concerned but
nIo that the merino and its grades will
make n grentci projwrtion of good mut
ton ptolitahly ftom these l.mges than
any other bued. lAirthisreasonldecm
a well chosen lo-ation for a merino
breeding establishment in that conntry
as invitmg .1 field for a pormanent in
vestment as tan be found in the United
states at thi- time. j. Mimo.
r pnse,npti,m UUhu.h .,,. - - -" - - " Ttnd
0LOS&KIN0,
I8 First Street,
PORTLAND, OR.
We call M.eci.tl itttt-n-
(Ion to our Larue A.ssorM
incut or
LIMES A1YI
(HlhlsKI'VS
CLOAKS.
llliK-h mo olli-r nf the
lo-Me-st iKtssililc jirh'tN lorl
B-ri-11 K""MS.
wur ftiofKOs rv "nous 1
is always kcut umiilete
I. every lenartinei,t.
H.V .seutUiiir an order lol
us by mail any reader of I
the JfARXER tan ol)
l-ta i 11 goods as sat isfactor-1
iiy as il personally Ih
our More.
V.Th arro atmt car taakea I
la Miiia-f Orders by aaa.lL
j- -- - --... .,- -iia-i-.i-i ;j
H
nimWMmmt !
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