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About Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 11, 1884)
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issued every Week byhe
IU.AMr.TTK FAHMKR PI BMSIIIXt) CO,
TKRMH flP HtlllHCIUPTlOllJ
iMt. (Tmtwe paid). In advance f 2.00
l asonths, (Postage paid), In advance..,
H than 111 months will be, per month
Advertisements will be Inserted, presiding (n
MtilJ aft th fAllmi-tna- table of rates t
Oa loch of space per month I 2.50
ItlisM Inches of space Der month 0-
t aa-half column per month I5.0
era column per month So.00
BJJunpl ooplos nnt free on application.
Publication Office: No. 6 Washington Street. Up
talrs. rooms No. 6 and M
Dont Send illoucy to us through
With tlio present low rate at which
Postal Notts enn be imiclinscdon any
money order oflicc wo must insist upon
our subscribers buying thun nnd remit
ting to us direct. It seems that ngentg
tako tlic money nnd charge us for the
fee, nnd all tho way from 10 cents to 25
cents additional. This is not right nnd
wo shnll hereafter credit tho Hiibscribcr
for just what money wo receive. Our
only agents arc J. II. JfeClung, Kugono;
Miller Bros., l'ortlund; K L. Kinton, Al
bany; Wm. Cyrus, Scio; and Jno. W.
Kolnnd, Jolibreon. All of whom do it
for nothing, AVc nlno have n Mr. Sharp,
who is in Washington Territory at iires
cnt, who has nuthority to solicit. This
order will in nowiso intorfcro with those
who got up neighborhood clubs nnd who
ire indivdunlly nnd personally known.
We would state for tho benefit of
thoso who wroto us nsking if wo could
procure nny -Lincoln grass irom Jur.
' Townscnd of this placo, that wo havo
seen him and ho says he has none to
Bell. Ho says also that ho has many
inquiries for it sineo our notice.
Tiik comet which was first discovered
bomo mouths ago is fast approaching
tho earth, and astronomers sny thnt on
tho afith of January, it will only bo nbout
0,000,000 miles from tho rarth. It has
licon decidod boyond a doubt that it is
tho same comot thnt appeared in 1812,
and which an nstronomcr then predicted
would appear again in 71 years pretty
closo calculntion. It will bo visible in
tho early evening.
Ouit Cohiikspondknth nro alive to tho
wants of their column and by reference
to the first pngo it will bo hocii that tho
entire pngo is filled. AIbo it nieo selec
tion on tho fourth page. Wo havo a
number of valuable articles on filo
which will appoiu- next week. Wo have
arranged to havo an unusual amount of
interesting correspondence for future
iHHiios. AVo shall make tho Willamiitti:
Farm Kit tho most valuablo paper ill tho
l'ncille Northwest. Send in your expe
riences renders, they will bo interesting
to tho now comers who are filling our
A viiAit or k) ngo when we said in tho
Kaismku that powerful iiilhiences were at
work to defeat tho Northern Pacific,
nnd thoro was danger that thoy might
eiiiccecd, wo meant what we said. Had
tho present collapse in Northern Pacific
atl'airs occurred ouo or two years ago,
before money was scoured to build the
road, it would havu caused stoppage of
work and wo should not havo the road
running ns it is to-day. The Central
nnd Union Pacific weio anxious to pre
vent this northern rival from taking the
field. It costs millions to them, annually,
that they Ioo in tiallie, and they could
all'ord to expend millions to defeat it.
Wo nvo favored in getting the road and
now are independent and can do busi
ness to tho best possible advantage.
Tin: umiKT of lion. Geo. 1!. Loving,
commissioner of agricultuie, just made
shows that nearly two and n half mil
lions of packages of seeds were distribut
ed ot which two and n half millions
were furnished to members of Congress.
The experiment;) by tho department of
I'xtvacting the juice from sorghum cane
by ditVui-lon instead of milling were very
meccssful, and have resulted an increase
of'Jj to SU) per cent, yield. In urging
tho importance of forest products in tho
Vniled States for the census year was
e.tlmatod at $700,000,000 i in other words
our foroft products are greater in value
than our erow of hay, rye, oats, lurloy,
buckwheat, potatoes and tobacco. Taken
together, tho amount is ten times tho
value than the gold nnd silver of which
wo nutko so much account, and more
than three time the vultio of the precious
minerals and coal and other niiiienil
combincd. Tho oxpenses of tho dcpait
iiient for tho year werol55,(!07.
Statu Auuioummw. Socnrvv
havo in this iwaio a card in which they
ufjklri fliat tlin KjvlAt v Alt nnf liimi4i l)i
iMt yer. o ca prow that they did
ell Mr. Adolph tho privilege to use tho
room under tho grand stand, well know
ing ho intended selling liquor Hiorc;
Why did they not closo him up when
they found ho was selling liquor? the
feo roceived wns an important item to
tho Society treasury. They did not issue
a license to any one to gamble, but they
did issue licenses to individuals to sell
soap, etc., well knowing it meant gam
bling. Thoy wanted money last year
nnd thoy wore only loo glad to get it, no
matter upon what prctoxt the license
was asked for. They had plenty of
funds for trinls of speed, nnd made that
an important nnd srccinl feature of the
Fair. We nro glad thoy nro awakening
up to n true realization tf what the mnss
of the people want, and by their non-nt-tondnuco
last year showed they would
not tolerate gambling nnd liquor selling.
At Tin: present time we hear uniiBiinl
roports of good prospects; for fall-sown
grain throughout this region of country,
both cast and west of tho Cascades. Tho
extent of fall seeding is largo, and all
grain looks romarkably well. At thin
tiino in 188! wo had sufibrcd two very
sharp frosts nnd meltings, so that wheat
fields were already damaged. Tho
frosty weather of tho 31st ot Deccmbor
and 1st of January did no harm as far
as wo can lonrn, nnd tho prospect is
very excellent, for a good wheat yield.
Tho extont of grain production is less
than it onco was, aB farmers nro begin
ning to learn thnt grass, pays more
profit and requires less labor than grain
crops, Thcro is an increasing disposi
tion to havo good pastures and raise
good stock', nnd certainly that costs less
money and labor to produce roturns
than wheat growing does. It would bo
a great satisfaction to sco n thoroughly
good crop soason nnd havo our farmers
realize actual prosperity onco more, for,
notwithstanding the sharp criticism on
Westerif Oregon farming made in Port
land, our deficiencies nro duo to natural
causes, not to indifference or want of in
telligence among farmers. It is true
that many farmers are deficient in re
spect to tho best methods, but as a class,
our farmers lmvo done good work if there
had been good seasons to help them out.
In other words, if wo had enjoyed good
seasons there would havo been bettor
times and nothing to complain of in the
supply of Portland markets.
Wiikn wn were writing our item
about poultry this week wo remembered
a fact that wo woro witness too in Port
land in tho fall of 1850. Two old sen
captains, Northrup and Sitnonds, kept a
genorol incrchnndio storo on Front
street, where tho St. Charlos hotel is
now. One day dipt. Northrup had a
customer, a farmers wife, who came in
from Tualatin Plains with .butter and
eggs. Ho allowed her 00 cents n dozen
for the eggs nnd 75 cents a pound for
her butter, and then showed her calico
nt 25 cents a yard, as she was to tako
trade for her butter and eggs. The
good lady was horrified; sho had left the
States two years before and remembered
prices there. Said elio: "Why, Mr.
Northrup, I havo bought better calico
than that for eight cents a yard in tho
Stales." So it was with everything she
looked at, until the old bailor's patience
gave out and ho said : "Madame, I've
allowed you 00 cents a dozen for eggs
and I've bought better i ay. and biggor
eggs than yours, lots of times, for livo
cents a dozen. I have allowed you 75
cents for butter, and 1 havo bought a
great deal better butter many a time for
10 cents a pound. Now. as vou are
haul to suit, I decline to have nny thing
more to do with it." And tho old gon
tlemnu went and sat down by tho stove
and took up a newspaper a States news
pnjK'r, for the Oregonian wasn't started
then. The farmer's wife saw tho ab
surdity of the thing and gave up her
complaints with full iqKUOgy for her tin-iva-ionableness
and the trading was fin
ished in harmony.
Work has stopped on tho Maker City
branch on account of the snow and iee
in tho llltm mountains, but will bo re
sumed In tho spring.
lirading is finished between Walla
Wnlla and Pendleton and rails are on
the ground so the work will soon l
The Terminal company has money in
hand to finish all its enterprises anil
work at Albina will bo prosecuted a
rapidly us possible as they nro as neces
sary ns the roads nro.
Tlio California extension is pushed
with nil Hissihlc peed.
'iWk is laid eight miles nbovo Pen-
dleton on the Walla Walla and Pendle-
Surveyors aro in tho Camp Harney
country hiirveying u railroad route. Tho
outfit consibU of about forty men.
Walla Walla Union ; But little work
wM givw hh mm just eM0U, ,rk
keep them duriug tlw winter mouths.
lA't'.tA.rV , i.ilLi .;..! a.hU..,.
WILJLiAJUJflTTE AEMEB: SALEM, OREGON, JANUARY
THE MORTGAGE TAX LAV.
Foreign loan companies seom deter
mined to tost tho legality of this law
thoroughly. Having been defeated in
the State courts thoy now ask tho United
States Circuit Courts to restrain sheriffs
of tho several counties from collecting
taxes on their mortgages. They claim
that ns to themselves tho law is invnlid
because it violates tho constitution of
United States, nnd the U. S. Supreme
Court has decided that foreign held I
dohts are not subject to State taxation.
Tho principal reason for bringing
this suit wns tho ex post facto fenturo of
tho new law. Tho company had largo
sums loaned before tho, law passed,
which cut down their interest from
three-quarters to one nnd ono-half per
cent. If it had affected new loans only,
thoy probably would not have felt dis
posed to fight the matter further in tho
courts, but under tho circumstances
they deem it their duty to, resist what
thoy deem unjust taxation until nil
remedies nt law arc exhausted.
Notwithstanding tho decision of tho
Supremo Court.it seems as if nil proper
ty that sought protection of our laws
ought to do its share towards supporting
tho government that protects it. Wo
understand from tho agents of these
foreign loan companies that they do not
object to so doing, and thoy claim that
thoy opposo the present Inw beeauso it
is enforced in n manner that works n
hardship on themselves. They consider
it tho duty of assessors to make tho as
sessment of jnoney in proportion to the
valuation placed on real estate.
Tho law is reasonable enough, and
thoro is no legal reason why money
should not bo taxed. If there is any
fault in its enforcement the noxt Legisla
ture can provide a remedy. If these
compnnios are roally willing to do their
sharo of supporting tho government
thoy ought to be allowed to do so with
out any hindrance. The next Legisla
ture will havo to give full consideration1
to this subject, if it does nothing else.
It appears . from tho dispatches that
Mr. Villard has resigned tho presidency
of tho Northern Pacifio Kail'oad. Wo
said last week that if stocks did not im
prove. ho would havo to resign. Instead
of going up thoy wont down lower than
over. As wo said then, Villard has en
emies who would nqt bo apt to rest until
ho was dethroned ontircly. They have
been able to still furthoi destroy cohfi
denco in thoso stocks nnd as a conse
quence, to savo his frionds from f urthor
loss, Villard has laid down tho presidency
of tho Northern Pacific. Wo may now
expect to soo stocks go up, though per
haps not rapidly. This community and
tho readers of tho Farmer arc not inter
ested in railroad stocks, but wo aro in
terested in having the road and in its
success. It will not bo easy for it to
earn fifteen millions, or over forty thou
sand dollars a day in this now country,
but it will soon beconio populous and
productive -and convinco Wall street
bears that it'hns availablo resources. As
for Mr. Villard himself, ho is in broken
health and depressed spirits because of
thoso reverses. Ho was worth two mil
lions of dollars whon ho enmo hero in
18S0, and is not a poor man yet, for all
his misfovtunes. Ho had great faith in
our region nnd induced others to invest
hero jvith him. His enterpriso nnd en
ergy have given us tho railroad anil wo
owo him only our good will. Unless
matters had leen pushed rapidly to com
pletion, there would most likely have
been another collapse such ,as broke Jay
Cooke in 187il. Had that happened, ns
it might, nnd many powerful infiuouces
combined to e fleet it, theio is no telling
when our region would havo had direct
connection with tho Ea-t. Wo owo
something to Villard's energy and enter
prise and in his time of adversity we can
all'ord to say so.
The Douglas county clerk, during tho
year ISSIt, recorded just COO deeds, of
which 107 were for town anil city proper
ty of tho aggregate value of JSl,2l2, and
:2 1 for agricultural lands coveringabout
01.21 1 acres for total consideration of
f i:il,S8l, and nine sheriffs deeds of the
value of S'.l.KiO. Ihero were also record
ed 180 Unit'Hl States land patents cover
ing 2l,lon acres. During the same tune
102 mortgages were entered into tho
mortgage records of this county, to se
cure the aggregate little sum of$2l$,
107, nnd only thitteenout of this number
have been canceled. Ttiero was also one
nuutgiiKO voconled against theO A C.
llailrond Company of $10,000 per milo
of its road. Out of tho above mortgages
U! were executed to tho state hoard of
school land commissioners to secure tlio
sum of $2 1,000, Only U mortgages were
niiule to foreign coriwrations amounting
Mr. Tho. Meherin, of San Francisco, ;
California, advertises with us. Ho has a
full lino of all kinds of mxhIs. Sco his
notice on tho eighth page and send for
When von have acouth or cold, ok hrlZZ T ',....? ,oc'P"n
Amawo'iCoU Simp. It will tarel core voa.
Tho New York Herald of Jnnuary 3d,
' Wo print an interview with a friend
of Henry Villard concerning tho relation
of that gentlrman to the Northern
Pacific and its kindred corporations, and
j concerning Villard's health and private
fortune, which will bo read with great
I interest, and, wo believe, with great
The fact that the reporter was roforrod
by Villard to this gentlemen for an au
thoritative statement gives tho report
an air of truthfulness. Following are
passages from the interview :
"Villard is ruined in his private for
tune. Ho has not as much money to
his name to-day os you have. All has
gone to help tho great enterprises he
has been at the head of. There can be
no question of his conscientiousness or
integrity, for which he has voluntarily
sacrificed his private means to svtppoi t
the Northern Pacific. Ho has not lung
left absolutely nothing. His stocks,
bonds, two residences, all nro involved
in tho wreck. Ho has saved nothing.
Ho never was so rich as reported. He
was not worth .$10,000,000. Five was
nearer the lliruro'"
'"Did tho conversation with Billings
tako place, as reported 1"
"Yes. Last Saturday Billings called
to sco Villard. Hillings you know, hud
ouarreld with Villard, and there Was
some ill feeling between them. Whon
Hillings called and found him sick in
pen, ana learneu mat viiinru uau im
poverished himself in his efforts to sup
port the company, Billing expressed
entire belief in Villard's. integrity, and
there was a tceno of reconciliation be
tween tho tuo.. When tho rascals in
Wall street made their combined attack
on tho street, Villard was straining evory
nerve to preserve the company's redit,
and began to saerifico his own money.
To make matters worse ho was away
from the city, and had to do business
by telegraph. A certain banking firm
was in difficulty and would have failed
if he had not come to its rescue by rais
ing money on bonds and property be
longing to him. So ho has gono on,
giving his own money away, until every
thing ho owns is pledged. But there is
one source of strain upon him which I
have not mentioned. Money lias been
trusted into his hands to invest for other
people. All financial men know what
that experience is. His friends would
insist on having him invest their sav
ings. When tho stock ent down such
was Villard's senso of honor that I have
known him, many a time, to put his
hand into his own pocket and purchase
stocks to save them from depreciation.
I suppose ho has lost $1,000,000 in this
Caur d'Alens Mines.
M. R. Shclton tells a reporter thai he
is just from theso mines. Ho says :
There nro now on Eaglo crook between
000 and 700 men. Tho weather was
very cold when Mr. Shclton left tho
mines. Tho snow was alxuit six fCet
deep in tho valloy and much deeper in
the mountains. At present there aro
only nbout three claims being worked
on Eaglo creek. Snow is a great impedi
ment to tlio opening nnd location of
claims ; and but littlo effective work can
bo done until tho weather grows warmer
and the snow disappears. Tho only
lumber that enn bo purchased is sawed
by hand, with a wliipsaw. Provisions
of all kinds were very scarce. Flour was
00 a barrel, and other necessaries of lifa
proportionally denr. On Pritchard
creek there nro nbout 200 men. But
few claims have been located there.
Snowshoes aro now the only mentis by
which persons can reach these mines oV
depart from them. Mr. Shclton says
tlio best time to go to theso mimes is
about the middlo of March just before
tho snow melts. To start earlier is
Useless and to attempt to reach tho mines
later in tho season after tho snow begins
to thaw, is futile. The whole country
for miles is inundated bv tho Hood,
caused by melting snowjimd those start
ing in April, or later, would probably
not bo able to reach the nu'nes until
June. In most placer diggings, Mr.
Shelton says, it is necessary to go down
to tho bedrock lioforo tihding gold.
Along Eaglo and Pritchard creeks gold
can bo found almost on tho surfneo
just below tho roots of the gras. Even
iq in tho mountains the color can be
raised from the surface earth.
At present tho best route to tho mines
i by wav of llathdruin. a stntion mi tb
Northern Pacific, twelve miles from Lake
Uoevfr it Alenc. Arnw the lake to the
mission is thirty miles. From tho mis
sion it is twelve miles to Miner's
cabin, or Evolution; and thenco it is
eighteen miles over tho mountain to tho
mines, which are in Kootenay county.
Idaho, tho county seat of which is
Ibithdruiu. A road' has been surveyed
from llathdrum, which is more direct,
shortening tho distance for about forty
miles ; and it is propose I to open this
road and put on a lino of coaches next
Courtney Meek is in tho citv, having
also just returned from tho mines. He
brings a number of siiccinions of coarse
gold and lns eveiv confidenco in tho
richness of the mines, to which ho will
njnim about tho middle of February.
Ho states that thoso persons who have
inken up iwenty-acre claims, of whom
ho is one, are determined to hold them
against all comers.
Olympia mpcrs rejoice because en.
gtneors aro to survey a line for a railroad
' Gray's Harbor from near there.
Diiputnot email thinge. That elUhtcoM
you think to little of may prove the forerun.
met of a comrJaiot that my land you in the
rrre. Avoid tll by tVin Ayer'e Oherrv
recioiM, tbe beat of known remediee for
M. .voi,. ..." -." "Tv,:""?"."
IdumZ ' " v""4 '"" ana inuf
The Oregon State Fair Management.
Salem, Or.,'Jnn, 8. 1881.
Kditor Willamette Farmer:
At the annual meeting of the Board
of Managers of tho Oregon Stato Agri
cultural Socicry, held at Salem, on Dec.
Ith, and 5th, 188:1, by votoof the Board,
tho' executive committee was instructed
to prepare- a statement forpublication to
tho people, relative to the views of tho
members of the Board upon the subject
of licensing the sale of spirituous liquors
and the practice of the- gambling devi
ces. Wo conclude from the comments ol
the press of this State, that largo num
bers of the peoplo as well as tho editors
of tho papers published in Oregon aro
under tho impression that the officeis of
the Oregon Stato Agricultural Society
havo boon licensing thesalo of spirituous
liquors on tho fair grounds and tho
gambling games practiced during fair
In vipw of this fact wc have deemed
it but just to say that this Society has
not in years past licensed the salo of
spirituous liquors nt any of the fairs : nor
have we licensed any of the gambling or
soap games, but on the other hand we
have endeavored to prevent all persons
from engaging in tho violation of tho
laws of this Stato, by warning them of
tho risk they run of being prosecuted
and punished by tho proper officers of
the country, and wo will not permit or
allow any ono to engage in or sell spiritu
ous liquors or engage in any gambling
device upon the fair grounds, so far as it
is nossable for us to prevent tho same.
In view of this fact, we would ask tho
papers of this tSate to publish this state
ment, nnd also state to all persons that
it is the determination of the oflicors of
this society to ask, and demand the co
operation of the civil officers of Marion
county, to arrest and punish all persons
that may bo found at, or upon tho fair
grounds of this society, engaged in any
violation of tho laws of this State.
Wo sincerely hopo that this warning
will be heeded and that all persion3 com
ing to our fair, will refrain from attempt
ing to practice or'carry on, or engage in
any pursuit in which they will lay thorn
selves liablo to arrest under the law of
We would ask all cood citizens in at
tendance at tho fair to aid us in giving
the nocessnry-ovidence to the officers to
insure the conviction of all persons, who
may in any way violate tho laws of this
The Board of managers at the samo
meeting passee the following resolutions
and we would ask the papers of this State
to give us space for their publication
that all persons may be informed of the
action of tho board upon the subject as
to the course wo intend to tako toward
all persons found upon the fair grounds
yiolating the laws of this State.
Resolved, "That no licenses shall bo
granted by this society at tho next an
nual fair for the sale of spirituous liq
uors." Resolved "That no license shall be
granted by this society for tho operation
of any gambling device prohibited by
mo statute ot Oregon.
By order of the board of managers.
T. J. AiTEUsoN,
President of O. S. A. S.
Tho Boy Fanners.
In Dakota there is variety in farmers
nnd farming, and not unfrequently nro
to bo seen tho former ban'xer, clergyman,
capitalists, clerk, mechanic or laborer lo
cated in the samo neighborhood, pursu
ing tho vocation of farmer life after a
fashion peculiarly their own. Of courso
there aro many experienced farmers
throughout thoso broad prairies, and to
thorn are duo the magnificent general
results of Dakota farming. It is soldoin ,
however, that wo can call attontion to
such perserveranco and pluck as are
shown by Masters Charlio and Willie
Adams, aged respectively fifteen and
thirteen years. They were not accus
tomed to farm work, but on their arrival
last year, a team was purchased and a
sason's work commenced. Breaking
was in order, and later back-setting the
land which had been broken. In back
setting tho boys turned over tho soil to
a depth of six inches, and to-dav can show
one of the finest looking fields of oats in
the territory. This spring they started
putting in eiops in good shape, and have
since done a good season's work breaking
on land a short distance north, of town.
Now they are just as busy as-their neigh
bors securing a winter's supply of hay.
Mr. I. M. Adams, their father, who is
general agent of tho Molino Plow Com-
ihuij iui .uiiiuesuui mm .u.iKota, comes
home frequently, and is satisfied that
tho boys, who exhibit such energy, with
a mother's supervision, can carry on tho
farm successfully, although they aro not
graduates from nn agricultural college.
lirand Rapids (Dak.) Journal.
Sax Francisco. May Jst, 1SS2 De-.r Sir:
1-or the pisttuo months, I luvebueusufforiiw'
from a severe cough and cold. A friend ad
viaed me to use Ammen'a Cough Syrup. I did
o, ai,d w.-a creatlv lismfi....! I L.
t.ken two Urgelnttlei. ami am entirely cured.
vu me maiKct, i mi, yours truly.
With Langley iMichaelt. Wholesale Diuts.
Wo publish, in another column, the
ndvertisementof Mr. It. W. Carey's Ab
erdeen or Polled Aneus cnttlo. The
eattlo are of his recent importations and
were on exhibition at the last Stato
t air. Mr. C. has designated his farm by
the name of Oak Lawn, and he intends
by careful breeding and good stock to
win laurels in the fino stock field.
WiTSO.NVIL. 1. Cl.. Frh. 7th IBM
commend jronr ttold Syrup (Ammea'a Couab
oyrnp) in pnlcranc to any othsw, m I knew
U. A. MUBUIEAD, JJiUggi)t.
ptOR THE PURPOSE OP PLAClNOTHE
Within the reach of every farmer In the Paciflc North.
wet, we tlull after thle date .reduce the price at
OneVenr, In Advance, f ji00
dub or Ten, (money wlthntmca) 15.00
('111 In r Five;, (money with names,) a ..
tg.C!ub9 can be composed of old and new subscribers
1'osUge Stamps will not be taken for Subscription.
This new schedule of prices is meant to accommo
date alt class and leavo no room for complaint or dls
satisfaction. At the prlco named above thia paper
the cheapest on the PacMc Coast.
As many persons have objected to b ing asked to
pay In advance we reduce the subscription price to
thoso who make advance payment and shall never
dcilate from the terms stated. You can make money
by Drepjymcnt, and wo prefer that all ehould pursue
We Intend to make a farmers' paper that every
armer In the land will need and will not willingly
We understand tho Interests of agriculture In all
this region and intend to continually study and work
for the advancement of the class wo represent.
Wo have correspocdciits in all sections of the
Pacific Xorthwest who will report the success of farm.
Ing In ctery locality.
Wo shall visit all sections ard personally report
our observations. We shall compile from our contem
pornrles of the press nil facts relating to development
and progress, and material interests of farmers in all
parts of the country.
Wo shall keep pace with production In every del
partment, and report, through correspondents and
from personal observation, all Important facta concern.
Ing firming in all Its branches, Including productions
of grain, grasses, fruits and vegetables ; concerning
stock raising, tiie alue of eattlo for meat and for
dairying ; of horses for all purpeses ; of sheep for wool
and mutton, or both ; of swine and poultry. Also as
to bees and honey.
We bhall continue to study the markets and Inform
our patrons on all points, so that they will be able to
Judge the Ituation for themselves. Our old patrons
Mill bear witness we have worked faithfully, in this
connection, In the past We shall do so In the future
No dallj newspaper In Portland has ever given the"
producers of the country such clear views of the
world's crops aLd markets as tho Farmbr often does.
Our market reports have been worth hundreds of thoui
sands to the producers of this region.
We shall carifully cull such miscellaneous matter
for use as will btnedt and Instruct both young and
old. The Farmer alms to be an educator in every
department of life.
Our editorials will freely and independently discuss
every question that interests, tho people from the
standpoint of right. So far as we have influence, it
Shalt be exerted in favor of good principles, good gov
ernment, true religion, temperance and fcr education
of the masses of the General and Stato Government
The Home Circle Is edited by a lady of mature
experience In the labors of the farmer, and well
acquainted with the ways of the world. She interest
herself In all the duties and pleasures of home. Thon.
sands bear witness to the e;ood Influence the Fauna
exerts In many homes to make the Uvea of mothers,
wives and children better and happier.
It Is as a family paper that the Faaiiia sustains
the closest relations to tho people and exercises the
most salutatory Influence.
The Wiixamstts Funis b not local In character, .
as the name might mislead you to believe. It was '
named aiteen years ago, when the Willamette Valley
was Oregon, but It has expanded and grown with the
growth of the country and represents all the sgrlcul..
ture of Oregon and Washington.
Tills Is the farmer's own organ, open for all to
relate experience, seek fnfnrmatinn nnA cnA .
irrl,Vin.s l)i m.u h..-. , ,--. ... .. .
over and whatever seeks to oppress or deceive them.
Our columns belong to the people, and the value of the
t ARMia chiefly depends on such popular utterances.
Ihe tditor brings to your assistance the experi
ence of 33 years spent in this region; intimate
knowledge of the country; many uors connection
with agriculture, and twelve years' acquaintance
with many of you In tho columns of the Farsisr.
.i,,u nfte"01! ' ,r,f! Is mad0 ln expectation
that it will bring increased circulation. We ask every
friend tp aid us in that respect, and shall appreciate
the (rood will of all who do so.
OLDS & KING,
1SG First Street,
We call special atten
tion to our LnrgifeAssort
1 Which ivc offer at the
a lowest possible prices for
m 4)ur stock of dry goods
i is always kept complete
h'l in Aititm. .1 ........4. ....
fii"- ciuii iiL'iiiiriitiuiii.
tVaSy sciuiinsi an order to
H m. iiiiui any reaueroi
tlio JbAJUlER can ob
tain goods as satisfactor
ily as if personally i
l3.Thu greatest care taken (
in umvg .Urd3 b by mail.
St Helen's Hail.
A Koardiu'.! am Day School
mHK riKTESST I YEAR l'.EOI.VS SEPTEUBEB
X Mh with a corps of fourteen teachers. Thot
buh Instruct'on In English, Ancient and Modem
l.angu.ics; Vocal and Instrumental- Music, Draalnf,
Pointing and C'.iUithenlcs. The pupils have daily walls
In o lti'hv niih a tachcr. For further Information
ddr. illStlOP MOKUIS, Rector; or M1S3 MABY
II. HuliXF.V, Principal, Portland, Oregon.
MAPS I MAPS.'!
MAI'S OE OKEUON & WASH
HEREAFTER WE WILL BE ABLE TO 8CPPLT
copies ol maps of Oregon and Washington at
following rates. These maps are put up In convenient
form to cary In the pocket Enclosed lo a stiff beard
coer. They can be obtained at the oUowins; price:
Jfnii r Oreco", '. '
Ortsou and Wa.UUaUls Combined. l.
C3"Rrmlt by Postal Ordr or KegfcUred Letter
Postacre stamps mill not be Ukea.
, """"'W)fl Portland Orajroa
rm.Aln T popular cough naolyeaa bs
, WlgftnUlaVeonhtat all principal Ping Etowa.
k..Afci ,'- w ftr