Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887, November 02, 1883, Page 7, Image 7

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    WILLAMETTE
MVI! SALEM, OJil-no.N, J() J.
MUKli
J l ms;
grange oimuiK
rt aiixzwz ihkkotoky.
The Oregon Btato Orange
OrFIUEKS.
Master -Juuge It. P. Buise, Snein, Marion
Co., Ogn.
Ovenncr D. S. K. ltithk, Myrtle Creek,
Doug'-s Co., Ogu,
Lpoturur II. E. Ha)ce, Stafford, ClarkamM
Co., Ojd.
StouarJ -W. B. Thomas, Walla Walla,
Wash. Ty.
Am. SttwarJ VV. M. HiUt-ary, Turner,
Marion Co., Oan.
Chaplain V. il. Gray, Olney, Clatsop Co.,
Oen.
Treasurer Ii, F, Iturch, IndtpenJence, 1'olk
Co., On.
Secretary Mrs. M. J. Tram, llariisbuit;.
Lien Co , Ogn.
Gate Ke-per Thos. Smith, Aubiitn, linker
Co., Ogn.
Ceres Mr'. E. It. Heath, Portland, Multuo
mah Co. Ogn.
Pomona Mhs M. J. Harris, C'oi-valh", Ben
ton Co., Oan.
Klora Mrs. Harriet Cooper, Wilbur, Douglas
Co., Ogn.
Lidy Asst. Steward Mrs. I. L. IJ lleary.
Turner, Marion Co , 0,-q.
Subordinate Granges ot Oregon and Washing
ton Name and Address or Secretary.
Oak Plain, No. C H. B. Spreuger, Shedd,
Linn Co., Oregon.
Tangent, No. 3. II. Scott, Tangent, Linn
Co., Oregon.
irand Prairie, No. 10 Nimrod I'oync, Al
bany, Linn Co., Ortvon.
Harrisburg, No 11 S. S. Train, Harrisburg,
Linn Co., Oregon.
Soap Creek, No. 14 W. L. Cauthorn, Wells,
Benton Co., Oregon.
Kaleiu, No. 17 T. J. Lousiguant, halem,
Mar.ouCo., Oregon.
Turner, No. 18 Wm. M. Hilleary, Turner,
Marion Co., Oregon.
Lbanon, No. 21 J. M. Settle, Lobanon,
Linn Co., Oregon.
Knox Butte, No. 22 J. E Knox, Albany,
Linn Co , Oregou.
Harmony, No 2;l J. II. Powell, Albany,
Linu "o., Oregon.
Mono, No. 25 H. C. McTimmonds, Lewis
ville, Polk Co., Oregon.
(Jrand Prairie, No. 26 A. C. Jennings, Irv
ing, Lane Co., Oregon.
Evening Star, No. 27 Kuda Kelly, East
Portland, Mnltnomali Co., Oregon.
MeMinnville, No. 31 D. O. Durham, Mc-
MinnviUe, Yamhill Co., Oregon,
fkio, No. 36 H. S. Williams, Scio, Linn
Co., Oregon.
Hantiam, No. 37 Henry Cyrue, Scio, Lmn
Co., Oregon,
Molalla, No. 40 Mary S. Howard, Mfclalla,
Clackamas Co., Oregon.
Jordan Valley. No. 42, Frank Thaytr, Mt
Pleasant. Liun Co., Oregon.
Willamette, No. C2 Stokley Mooie, Corval-
lis, Benton ( o., Oregon.
Siuelaw, No, 54 Itaac Simpson, 8iaslaw,
Lane Co., Oregon,
fltt'nll Ridge, No. 57 James M. hwank, Al
bany Linn Co , Oregon.
Multnomah, No. 71 A. L lelliug, Milwaukie,
Clackamas C , Oteton.
Vest Union, rio. 72 Miss Libbio Frecnun.
West Unioii, Washington Co., Oiegou.
Powell's Valley, No. 84 George Wi.liams,
Powell's Valley, Multnomah Cj , Oieg ot
(Parity, No. 103 Mi-s Agius Waggoner,
Halsey, Linu 0 , Oregon.
Goshen, No. 101 W. R Ddlard, Gojhen,
Lne Co., On-gon.
Konnd Pr.urif, No. 1 0-S. T. Northcutt,
Brooks, Mai ion Co., Oregon,
t'armingtou, No. 110 Calvin Jack, Recdvil'e,
Wishiugton Co , On-g n.
Tualatin, No. Ill F. M. Kruse, N ilsonville,
Clackamas Co.. Oieiuu.
I igard, rortland.
Butte. No. 14s U. 1'
Wingvill.-. N... 15olV. C. NichoUon, Bakertbll"dy though several mutual fiit-ntfe
Citv. Biker Co.. Oreiiou,
Baker City, No. 152 thoniaj Smith, Auburn,
Baker Co .Oiegon.
Canyon City, No. 101 E S. Pinficld, Can
yoH City, Grant Co., Oregon.
Daniel Clark, No. 162 H. my Hall, Prair.e
City, Grant Co., Ongou.
Oswego. No 175 M. K. Shipley, 0.wego,(
Clackamas Ci , Oregon.
Josephine, No. 179-J. S. Cnatbam,Wilder
villo, Josephine Co , Oregon
Waahington, No. 181 A. F. Shoemake, Wil
liams. Josenhine Co . Orruou.
Rogue River, No. 100 W. B. Gibson, Ellens-
burg. Uurry Un., liregou
Charity, No. 15 C. P. Chughan, Grangeville,
Idaho Tirrrory,
Washousal, No. 192 C.J.Moore.jWashougal,
Clark Co . W. T.
Butte Creek, No 82 metta at tMr ball on
the 2d Saturday ol eaoli month'.
Master P. J. Ridings, U-ad Tidings,
Clackamas Co.
Sec J. R. White, Butte Creek, Clackamas
Co.
(Mono, No. US-meets 1st Situr. at 1 o'clock.
6 Mast r B F. Smith. Lowisvillo, l'u.k Co.
i Secretary H. C. McTiniinonde, "
SSoap Creek, No. 14-meiii 21'Satuidsy.
Master P. II Bowman, Albany, Lion uo.
Secretaay W. L. Cauthoru, Writs, Benton
BK..V?-. . . L....o.,...
E' uosqen, no. tui uievua uu wa aa aiuviuy.
v 11..1 iir... at. ...a n.k.. T . r .
I f r, rr n n . . i It ,t
i secretary w. it. u tiara.
pEowell Prairu, No. 60 meets 4th Saturday
at 10 A. ii.
Muter Wm. SippingSeld, Sale.), Ogn.
SecreUrv J. W. Howell. "
IUmpqua, No. 28 meete lttSatnr. at 10 A.M.
! Master-D. 8. K, Buiek, Myrtle Cie.k.
Secretary W, r. U'eus, itosetiurg, UjUi
las Cuuntv.
7mpqu Dist. Pomona, Grange meets 1st
Master D.' S.Kn-Wu!ck, Myrtlo Creek.
Secreta' v G. o. W. Jones.
foung's River, No. 172 meta 1st Satard).
ilubr-W. U ury, Uthty, uiaiup s.
SocreUry U. Peterson, "
nojt'il .i fur South us Clurlctim, P. C,
thfiuo ti fciiriiimah, Molulc, X(v Oi
lcans, tip tlic Mis-iipjji to Memphis,
aerobe Ihc ooiinlry to Atlmita. ami back
again to .I'hmsUiii Citv l.v tin- 21t
tUyof April inHirwin;; flfiT)
Iinpresspil with tho diMirE.iniatio'i I
that peculimly niicultiiiiil ruction, uiui
CTi'omhI at the utUr dumoiuliz.ilion oi
its pixijilo, Avhom ho found intcllitfctit
and trustworthy bejond his antiiijwi
tiotis. Kelly coneuiwd tho idm t!mt for
resuscitation of tho country .mil recu
peration of its f.innei.1, who- v.c.ilth.uid
resourcf's had boun swept aw.ir by tho
Ttiol hand of w.ir, org.iii'iiiim jh a
npcestity. ThN, howi'ci. is but it
tiansirnt thouslil as upplii d to fjinu-is
of the South, for a monicul't u-flcotioii
convinced him that thoro Mi3it:il nt-til
of organization among the f.irmctdof the
union, Aorth as well m South, mid to ef
fect such an end became the thought of
his life. Ho reasoned that agricultural
clubs weio neither permanent nor effec
tive ; they woo ephemeral, and (seldom
if ever controlled by fanners. State and
county fairs wern not for farmers alouo,
but open to competition of (ho world. Jn
his, soliliqtiy ho rjiiLned, Why should not
the farmers join m a leaguo peculiar to
themsolve", in (wbich others i-hould not
bo admitted to membership? Such a
union would be pattis.ui, and if partisan
it should bo secret, and if t-ecret it must
lme.i litual to make it enVlne and at
tractive. This procens of re.iaoning
rapidly brought him to u conclusion,
and forthwith ho undertook to execute
the ritualistic fr.uuewoik of such an or
ganization. The task wan, however, be
yond liia. capacity, and lie boon found
lumselt hounding lit leep water. But
Kelly w.i a man not easily biflled. bo
anior unabated lie le.-orted to the epe
dient of advising with counsellors.
Mr. J. It. Thompson, then as now an
officer in the Treasury' Department, and
Mr. William M. Ireland, then chief clerk
in the finance division of the Postoffice
Department, to which Department Kelly
had been truusfaned in the fall of 1800,
wore tuo congenial companions whose
acquaintance he had made after his re
turn from the South. They were both
schooled in the mysteries of Masonry, and
tho foimerwiw proficient in the composi
tion of ritualistic work. Kelly had no
hesitancy in approaching- those two
friends. They heard his story, and in
dorsed his efforts, and tho trio had re
lented consultations ujon the subject.
bVfore making visible progress, however,
then ecessity arose for tho counsel of
a piactic.il agriculturist. By common
coiibint, Mr. William Saunders, then as
nowtho skilled aim elucicnt suponnton-
dent of tho garden and grounds ot the Ag
ricultural Department, was invited to
join tficm, which ho did with somo mis
givings, howotcr, because of the compre
hensiveness of the work aa he apprecia
tcit it. This quartette, unwilling to pass
judgment upon the work of their own
minds, invited the Rev. John Trimble,
then an officer in the Treasury Depart
ment, to eeioiso the privilege of criticis
ing their labor as they progressed. After
a season, the liev. A. li. Grosh, then a
elerk ill tho Agricultural Dcpaitmeiit,
and an Odd follow of high repute, and
Mr.r.M McDowell, then as now a vine
itirdistof Wayne, N. Y., and a friend of
Mr. Saundors, woro induced to labor with
the five, and these seven constituted the
immortal foundors of tho Patrons of litis.-
lcrsicuIhiraL
MISTAKES IN SEEDING
now unknown to the Order wero at sun
dry timos consulted, and suggested much
that was valued, but a vast deal more
that was rejected.
For neatly two years thes seven men
wrought with an energy unaccountable,
and with a faith amounting almost toin
epiration, until thoy completed a well
devised scheme of( organisation, based
upon a ritual of four degrees for men, and
fottrdegiees for women, unsurpus-od, in
my judgment, in the English language
for nrigi'Uility of thought, beauty of dic
tion and puiity of sentiment. Having
framed acouf-titution, adapted to this rit
ual, t ) govern them, these men met on
the-Uh day of December, 1807, in the little
brown buildiiignowstaudingeiuboiui tl
in trees i , tho corner of Foiii-an.l-u-Jiiui i """'
Aui.v.ny, Oct. 18, 1SS:1.
KJitor Willamette Kamer:
Main finnersaio guilty of gn.at ei
rore in soiling wheat, errors that ate ap
parent to iveiy ob-onant per-on. and
yet they persist in their practice jcar
after year. One of these is in sowing
impure seou. it wouiu u alniu-t "n
possiuioior a person to s.iv wjncli w.is
the best varii ty of w lict now giown. It
would be idle to attempt this, for in a
certain locality a certain niiotr will do
best; while in a different locality another
variety will do better. Tho nm-l excel
lent variety differs with the soil and cli
mate of each neighborhood, liut vvhich
evei variety or varieties the fannei con
ceives are lwst for paiticular soil and
situation, he should sow that or them
and no others. If he sows mora than
one variety of wheat he should keep
them distinct in dillercnt fields. Oioss
breeding may lead to dcuable results in
stock raising; but tho intermixture of
seeds always produces results inferior to
any of the iugredionts of tho nihtuie.
If the farmer sows onl.v pure seed he
will raise more wheat on an acre and got
more for it per bushel in the market. If
his own wheat is impuro, ho should go
to somo neighbor who has puro wheat
and procure seed of him.
Anotliei mistake is m Bowing shranken
seed. Fanners sav that tlmv nlw,iva m-
shrunken seed if thoy have it; and if
uiey navo not got it themselves they go
iu nuiiiu iieignoor mat nas. Tlicy give
.is a reason for this that a bushel of
shrunken wheat contains moro grains
man a ousnei oi piump wheat, w.iich I
am ready to admit. They say further
inni piump vvneat will bring more in
' be market than shrunken wheat, which
1 am ready to admit again. It-it vvhon
mey say a shrunken gruin is just as good
for seed as a plump one I must bog leave
differ with them.
The giain of wheat is made up of tin-e-nbiyo.
The embryo in a Rhiuiikon
,,'.1111 may bo just as good as the one m i
lump grain. Generally it has loss l
tality, but for the sake of argument 1
amieady to admit that tho two embruH
aio equal. But the shrunken grain ,.-,
toss starch and gluten: this is itist h.it
makes it shtitiiken. Nature has put tint
starch mid gluten in tho seed for s imp
imrpose. It gives to the grain its vi hu
lls food for man; but nature eviduitlv
did not put it there primarily for that
purj o-o. I Tor first object in forming the
seed was to provide for tho perpetuation
of tho plant. Tho embryo is a plant in
miniature; hut the radical is only the
ludiment of a root. Before the plant
can take nutriment from the soil it must
form a root for itself. It cannot form it
out of the giound. Its only chanco is to
f)im it of the starch and gluten, and
this is what they are put in tho seed for.
The gluten acts as a ferment and causes
fermontatiuii; heat is ptoducedj the
starch p.bsoibs water which unites with
it chemically, not mechanically, and the
starch is converted into dinstaste or
plant food. Out of this the plant forms
a topt. Now it cm take up t.ie element
of the foil But these aro dead, mineral
mullets. Before it can eonvo.it them
into its own living, organic vegetable
substance it must have foliatre. fortius
change is effected in tho foliage under
tno miluonce oi tlio direct rays of the
so tno plant must use tins pre-
height "f tho hinds l.eWg decided upon,
all branches thai Mmt bi low this should
be removed. 'IIip next iwint should be,
to "ocuip an opou and woll-bal.itieod
bead, with the main branches evenly
dNposuI. lUvond this, all liraitchesth.i't
ciowu, or cio-s one anoiiior, all 'watei
shoots," vigorous growth, that some
times stmt up in the growing e.ison,
should be cut away. The season's grow tb
being conipletid, tho removal at this
time of hr 'relies will cause no check.
and as the branches to bo cut nvvav aio
all small, no largo wounds will he ex
posed. Henco we say, by all means do
"it'll pinning in aulumii, winks the
weather is mild, and othet faun work is
not pressinc American Agriculturist.
Ensilage.
Sonoma county scorns to bo tho grand
testing ground foi ensilage, and has giv en
the best evidence in approval of it. Two
leading dahymen have testified in favor
of ensilage. Mr. Jewell, of Piitalunn
and Mr. Van Doien, of Santa Itosj, and
others have the nvitter tinder iulvie
mont. ltcccutly we had a brief btalo
ment of Mr. Van Doron's experiment,
and now wo find in the I'etaluma Aigus
a note of a visit to his ranch :
Ho has thiee silos with a capacity of
lot) each. Ono is now filled with clover
that was put in last May, and from
which he is now foedinc his cows. The
clover is as sweet and juicy ns when just
put in. His silos are constructed of
matched lumber, with tarred paper be
tween, and nre in a luriro barn. Ho has
a horse power and one of Worth's ensi
laere cutters all ready to cominonco till
ing tho other two silos with green corn,
which he will start in a few davs. We
aio perfectly satisfied from the way the
cows eat tho feed, and from the flow of
milk produced by it, that it is a most val
uable invention. Those mtorestcd m
the dairy business should examine Mr.
Van Dorcn's ptemisos at the first oppoi
tunity, and thoy will bo sure to get home
ideas that will be of valtio to them. At
any rate ono of tho most conveniently
tirrangcil dairy farms in the Stato can
he seen by a visit.
There is iniito a commendable spirit
of inipiovement and advancement
among our dairymen generally. Tho
numbers of the tine dairy barns which
have been built during tho last five
vears would bo surprising to those who
aio disposed to look upon the 4'cow- far
niers" as old fogyish and unpiogressive.
I lie dairymen, in their improvement of
Imildingsiiiuliiparatus in the growth of
more given-feed crops and the improve
ment of pastures and dairy holds are
doing their full shaio for tho genoral
advancement of the State, and tluj
should h tve credit for it. Rural Press.
foi seed, as thoy eoino out in tlu spring s Rip ift, nAnt erv r.o
plumper than tin; first cwp. lVtato! -AIV,fc WUI.E CO.
Vine.
Vcrj careful experiments mudc in Now
ioikl.isi vmsoii show that the lint cul
ture of not tttHS lmullieeu flut fin. -I In.
bers and the largest vields. Tho bc-t
results followed (he Dutch method of
planting, which consists of keeping the
surface of the giound level, planting a
single ove in u place, covering it six
inches deep and allowing but a single
stalk to grow in a hill, which aio a fool
tip tit each way.
The ox-eyed riai-y has become a great
(H'st in some sections of the cnintiv
Thoo who aie troubled with this weed
should bear in mind th.it it is propaga
ted bv seed and not lix the root, and to
rid themselves of ii riu-i have onlv to
mow befoul the sei d
quint two seaons to
of ilieiunocont-looliti
'I bo best condition
1HM1ACTI ril of
Portable and Stationary
STEAM KNUINES,
Viiil SUam n l!ti of tlio tw-t iltvlitn nutrtiii nj
u.tkl.ai.-.ili ot.r 'nullr Il.'Si-r eill.raji.pt il t
Farm and Plantation Use
W oumitHctiirn ! ,l. of s0 Mill, with cp rl
t ot tipin Three to Mil) rlioiin.l In t p. r ilx, ultl
Oii-Siv, Siml or eiir-iwhl ciiulu ot oni Xu
rimutlon s.iw Villi, nhlch ll tir
&2QQ.
tllu t
wo! I
1K It U1.IV iv-
l .i lield entiieh
t!-.ei
the growth of
lisintcgrated as
It tnd linestir
i ulo aiisiveis
which grass is
gi iss is a soil firm
ii whole, but with a 'in
face tilth This eon u'
for tho cereal graios n
usuallysown. Wintt i ivn. nl'is the bo-t
crop with which toso,v giav sit'd, spring
wheat next andoats tho worst of all.
IJeans are so extremely sensitive to
frost and cold that it is useles to plant
them befoie the middle of tho spring,
vvhon tlio ground has liocoino w.um and
light. Hoe often to stir tho ground, but
only when dry, because earth scattered
on the le.tvi's when they aro wet with
dow or rain will cause them to rust.
rrr .
Short Stock Baylms.
Tno great value of Jersey cattle is
illustrated in the recent sale of a joung
Jersey bull calf, but six weeks old, for
$1,500. The bull was sired by Black
Prince of Honover, dam Kurotas, and
was sold by Peter 0. Kellog Co. to
Messrs. Miller it Sibley, on account of
Mr. A B. Darling, proprietor of the
r lftn venue Hotel, IXew x, ork( who has
a tine faint in Xew Jersey.
teil Catalogue of Muliitinj sent foe.
LANE & BODLEY CO..
jlV i.m J.ilin ami Mnli-l- Ms., t tiirliimul.
RGrlERONS
Ju.l Inmlril, anil ollirri ruiiilnir. holding
niinieruuii tiulil ami sli-r tlciliil-. mrnil
" In t'rnrr. Srml m- 'iokiip.
A. J! O (J V,
S32 Pallsado Ave.. Jersey City'
New Jersey.
1MO. .1.1 lulsrrurllrl I n-rlruir. 1KH3.
John A. Child
& Co.,
DRUGGISTS.
AMI M1 RHU IN
lrU,TS, Chi UllLsls, l'i-r
fn nicrj-.Ti .Hit AftlclM.
Sjk njftK.Saip nod ruo
I Lr Uroile.
I'urr tlorrlnott A
Mrronil M.
ronri.ANii, - ork
Hlx-llal ttteiltton l J
to osiers Ijy niall,Then
.oinMit)let by cuh.
uitly
Horticultural Motes.
pared lood ot starch and gluten till it
pushes its stem above ground and its
foliuge expands. Tho foliage must ex
pand befoto circulation can be estab
lished. For it is the evaporation from
the foliage that produce a vaceuni
iibovo ami draws tlio fluids uimard. It
thus appears that tho starch and uluten
must sustain the plant till it reaches
atiove tho surface of ground.
Under fa
vorable circumstances tho supply in a
stn-etun.i Missouriavenue, Washington so.ui.uuu gmn. may uo suincienij o.
which wt.s t the time the office ol Jlr'mu!er unfavorable circumstancos it will
iiisuiiieieui. aim mo piant iihihi (lie,
Saunderr. oul then and there cons'ituteil
theinselvt's he Xational Grange of tho
l'atrons oi Husbandiv, with Saunders as
muster, 'J b mipson as lecturer, fix I md as
trea-urei .tinl JCellyas secretaiy , the io
maiuingoliM usleft vacant.
What a LO.iueplion, that soven coin
jwva lively huinhle and unambitious men
n'lould presume to style themselves a na
tional organization! Was this presump
tion, was it fanatici'in.or was it inspira
tion' D. Wyatt Aikni, of South far
ohiin.
OBiaiH OF THE QBANQE
The Order of Tatronsof Husbandry is
till in its minority, if measured by the
itandard of a human lifetime, and yet
Is birth and infancy are shrouded bo
und a palpable veiling of doubt as im-
lenotrable ns if it had omcrgod from the
arkness and gloom of tho Middle Ages.
U founders tiro well known and are all
Iving ; but just how much of tho struc-
each ono framed or erected, theyi
hemselvoa aro unable to inform us. !
Hicient to say that iu January, 1SW,
H. Kelly, ii clerk in tho Agricultural
partniout at AVashingtott, was w. t
un a mission of somo rt tbnuigh
U S.uth uy M . Newton, t n. thi n Com-
:iuntr ot Agriculture. o j .otu-
Water for Sto-.k
Animals ne-ed gwid water iv- well as
men do. We all know moro or less
nlKiut tho effects of filthy water on tho
huuiati 3jtmi. Muny und dangerous
discn-M come from its U'e. I ( rhaps moro
than from tiny other cati'O. It is pre
cisely the tamo Willi animals. Wo be
Jiove, says the Kansas Farimr, and our
belu t is fouuiies.1 on many years obser
vation that most of the fevers' in cattle,
slioep, horses and hogs aro cati-td by the
diinkiusof impure water. Wohavolost
cattlo that we believe died from that
cause alone. Only four yeais ago wc
lost a go kJ cow, and no chums could wo
find that could bavo jMn-ibly produced
the fear of nhioh she died, exeept the
st.uutiu water she ilr.uik out on the
open pniiit. We have seen many in
siiuiC'i'of snni)0-ed Texas feyi r .n phicus
w I tie no Ttxascattle hud Ixi ii for yi jrs.
The mibjou is n try iiiipottant one,
and fanners and stockmen need to exer
cise much caution and prudence in tho
m.itur.
Ayti's l'i '--r tf ciuul in wiile rsnge of
,1 4i nn i-rff inm ilorilers o th
l m ch nut li est v orsn. Tn.y r a
0 ...uifBt itiogilv toll vo wy t hsiiil
m re siir cutnl, ear to t.ke, iff etive
tu .ie, turn to 1 r n r lief and ciuo.
is in why it is no economy
a .sbriinken wheat.
at all to
W. (J.
ShaU we Prune In Autumn ?
To tho above question, which com
from several subscribers, we say decided
!' J'es- provided the question applies to
newly planted trees, thoso set last spring,
or within a few years. Tho sooner such
tiecs huve their final shape given to
them tho lltor. This should havelii
done when they wero planted, but be
tween the hurry of spring work and tho
timidity of the inexjierienced, who aro
afraid to cut, trees are quite too often pet
out just as thoy como from tho nursery.
These trees must sooner or later bo put
into their final shape for beariiw. and tho
soni r it in doue, tlio lietter. !-ome books)
on fruit culture, tho Fri nch isiiechdly,
give diagrams to snow how the tree
should be shaiMid. These aro well enough
as suggestions, but as no two trees grow
precioty alike, tho only guides in such
matters ate, a general idea of tlio luivs
which regtilato tree grow th, and e-oiumon
tcue in their application. Woikmg to
pattern eauiiot be followed. If ono hasn
young orchtud, tho first point to Ikjcou-siilere-d
is the height at which ho will
make tho ht'iids of bin tires. In lonli.
ti s where tho summer i long and hot,
It is clllimeil that low heads nhll'le tin
trunk, and thus aro a benefit Oil.irs
wish to have the hi ads high enough to
allow tho pan-ago of unam b-.-iauth
the in, if need be. While there is no ol
jeetion to cultivating crops in a young
orchard, and indeed it is letter to do thi
thnu to noge.t th snil entirely, the
pniciico is lac miug moro general ,f
sotsliiig tho beuring oieimril to elover
und u-lng ns piiMu e for Kumo to tin
Imutiiul Unelii of pigs und tui T.u n-ndy to pJaut
Tho roots of many plants retain their
vitality tinder intense temperatures.
Boiling water has been applied to somo
xvitbout injury to tin m, and some plant"?
absorb jxiisoim that aro dcstiuctivo to
others. Tho seeds on which birds have
fed often retain their poncis of germin
ation for u long period, as the Inula
sometimes cairy them in thoir bodies
fiom ono country to another, whore thoy
have giown and multipled.
An ngricullurist draws attention to tho
curious fact that in a field of beet sown
this jear a spneo some Xlx20 feet wan
shudenl by plain trees. The differenco
between tho iilmts thus grown in the
shade and full light, was very nun ked ,
in the shade u notaiilepoicentiigo of loots
ran to seed; tho foliage was dovelood at
tho expense of the bulbs, and tho yield of
tlio sugar was three timi s less. Fiench
Correspondent.
A correspondent of the Farmers' He
view has practiced during MVenil win
ters tho plan of keeping apples in diy
sand, poured into tho filled barrels after
storing in the cellar, and finds it a "de
cided impiovetnent" on any other ever
tried, the fruit remaining till late spring
''as crisp and apparently aa fresh us when
first gathered." He does likewiM' with
lotrtloes, and uses the same sand year
after year.
I.imn beans should have their tops
pinched back as soon as they roach tho
top of the jiole. This induce? gi eater
fruitfuliicss. On rich ground mote Lima
lieaus can bo grown thnu of any other
vuriety. They are always high-priced,
and it is surprising that more farmers
do not grow them for sale. On a large
sculo thoy may bo grown without oles
provided tho ground is lOHwmably clean.
All nureerymon und gardeners appre
ciate tho importuned of thorough drain
age. The crops they put on the land are
often worth more than tho first co-t of
Ih'j laud itself. Hence it is not uncom
mon for theiw in some places to make
diains on land leased for tivo or six years.
as tho losses fiom oxees-ivo water would
by gi eater than iho costof draining it oil".
Harris in his "Talks on Maiiurr,"
says: "Wo draw out a ton of fresh m.in-
ni o and spread it on the laud in order to
fumii-h the growing ciops with 12.
jhhhuIk of nitrogen, (U jiiih1s or phos
phoric rt' id mid. KU pounds of potash
lrrs than 'A',1 Hunils hi all!" Ho says
wo should try und make richer barnvaid
manure, lxs-aui-o it costs no more to
draw out and spread a ton of immure
continuing sixty miiihIho! nitrogen, ami
the- other essentials in lil.o proiiortion -.N
Y. Herald.
To obtain two crops of jxitatoeis a year
Dig first crop toou as rie, which iu this
latitude must lie some early tort like
Karly Sunr.so; placo in a dry, warm
place two ilire, thou cut in single ejesj
la o pii nto puns or Is xes contain
iiudrv ii'ii-tt' 'inn f"r ten davs.
liun alusub' .'iiinl lli'Vure
At the last meeting of the Notth
American Bee A&socintiou a committeo
was appointed to gather statistics. It is
Indicted that full statistics as to the
number of colonies of bees in the coun
try and tho product from them will sur
prise everybody and lead apiculture to
bo better appreciated as ono of the im
portant industries of tho country.
The practice of some of tho best fainiT
ers now is to keep pigs through the sum
mer on green food, cut and carried to
tho pons, with a littlo grain, and what
milk oan bo spared after buttor.r.iaking.
Spring pigs aro thus made to wcigli 2(X)
pounds at seven mouths old, and, except
in the last month, they gel little grain.
The best time to sell such pigs is at the
beginning of cold weather, usually iu
Octobei.
In the nulk ot some Jersey cows the
cream fornis thiity per cent., or nearly
one-third of the whole bulk. It is so
rich in cream that it is not tho most
healthful food for infants without dilu
tion, 11. ugh in cities theie is usually a
demand tor Jersey milk for this ptu piw.
For food, milk with a smaller piopoilion
of fat is better.
An exchange claims that a full ft ed of
hay to hoiv.es, following tho feeding of
conccutialctl food, is wasteful, for tho
icason that it ciowds tho first out of Ine
btomuch Ix'fore proper digestion has
been accomplished. Atid so, in order to
secuio best lesults, hay should be fed at
first and the coucentrati d food after
ward, which leaves it to become digested
with no danger of being ciowded away
or out of tho perfonnanf o of its dednd
purpose.
The English antiquary, John Aubry,
who wrote about tlio middle of the
seventeenth contury, says that in his
time moat. of the houses iu the West Ihid
of Loudon weio protected against
witches and evil spirits by having horse
shoes fastened to them in various ways.
It was tho belief that then no witch or
evil genius could cross tho threshold
which was oiotectcd by tho shoe. The
fact is that tho uprHtition has lcen
tracedso far back that wo lose it in tho
obscurity of tho ages. The custom of
nailing horse-shoes for luck to all kinds
of sailing craft is still in vogue, and is
religiously maintain! d to ho a wise and
lucky measure. The supoistition goes
further, by making it fortunate for any
one to find a horsu-shoo, and tho gooil
luck is iiicreiiMd with the number of
nails that are attached to the shoo when
it is picked up.
SWEETHEART
Sinil for a pocket ot "KI.KM-.OItA" writing- tuuer
HeontiliH (our ncVairt of Wriilrir l per, ll ififfor
tnt tints, w ith cmclo)mto mUili dice &0 eeuU
by ii all poti0 inl.l. Adiin IMI.CV II. AI.LliN.
LVSTIilrit atriut, I'uriloul, Or.pjti
in:. MsismaMin;, v. s.
VETFAITXA KY SUIiGKON.
Piirtlmid, Oregon.
Wrlten WetcrlptloiK 'or Disew-eaof all tUc of nock
rlco, il for each prescription written. State lup
loins and ago of animals im near a ponllle.
times O. V. Uwoii'n IJUcMmuI. SUM., K 8kciiit
SI , liet. KtHtl and Oak.
Hrllr iir' )" Thtrtm-nih nl Tujlor HU.
KnSSitl-YOUNO MEN-
lito, for I'liinplilit In ) Ulii, noilel cmtlop, ilmar.U
liU lilHliiiinrnl, (worn it nlgrni), inut mctli(Ml ot
i- rliiyMdlli' t MJM1IUN8. Siiuple, clanpamt nuvii
K11AP3 ! MAPS!!
iAfis n: miYAAix & wash
ICSTOX TEIIKSTORY.
r rKHHArrnt wk will iik ahlk to huwly
I L cojritnof .nulla of Orison un.l Witbliinton k
follow. Injjf i ate Vi(ti rupn Mn jut vt In orivi nlt-nl
t rui to eir in tho oiUt Kurlovtil in a still 1 aril
ovir. Hi i curt hi nl-Uhiotl Kt the rnIImltiL( iiiltim:
Hup of Orrititii, f
Mho M.iittliixtim
Oiegon uml Mathliii.litn CottiUi 0 l.n
tWllnwU by I'omI Oi-I r or Km tut A 1-.U.I
J'OUftO taiUp4 Kill Tint IM1 Ukn'l
A(lurti4
niiuui.i irr.tittini vt it. m.,
MriMrrlJ I'orthrti Osteon
RAILROAD LANDS.
Liberal TcrutH.
Low lrIccH,
LoiiX linu'.
Low lutereHt-
O. & il
OI'I'KIt THK
ru'l)l.iicl
ItAIMMriO 4 01,
Kin i.ANiis rai si.k ui'ON thi
lltjell! litr n. llr.u lentil fit thn itrlej
III L-iutli; Intciett on lh haUneu at tin) rale of S9va
pcritjii one erafur am. ' I culi foltiwliiy yeat
On. tenth of rhe )vei Ipilai.iJ li.ttr'at on tli lalabai
at tie lata of ttn per rent, t.iir riiinutn Unth pni
cljul an I Interift luiat.lii In L H Ci,rrenc.
A dinrount nf t9iiiMrmt elowtit for cab,
IielUra ahouM I'flkJUiuMod Uj
Ml I. SCllft.71', ImkI Aent,
O. A O. II. It. do , Portlaul, 0(0
A. Common 3nso View.
W'h n yo'i aoi nnjlcino ailvertUed. anil
neither Ui ovr i r li-ar snythiiii in rt-fir.l Ui
it rilubilny, iti an i ay nutter, hy puttiav
juiiisuf tu llltlu truuhlc, ti iMLtrtaiu Hu
rt put turn ami atanrlin of tltu 'iiMiinfinjlurer
1'iinl eut wh'i inak a it II m dq tliey s ami
st hum 7 Ar- tlioi ho ieai Are tliey tru U
lull Da tli. y pay their ileljtn? Do the)
know ariytlllliK &'l JUt mrdlcllIU ail 1 its I'lli-Uta
If they rd mii'iiii; in jny of tlnM.it Ucjfei
lu let tiisir piodu.t aljiie; fur iu prrptimv
ilrujs, more than any other huaices there if
tlei 0.p rt 'inty to cluaptii and alulttrati,
slid tlid only KUartntie w" can Iiivm is tli
liont-a'y of the insuutaoturer, unit it ilirs n il
I iok reus' n il In that the pror netor nl
Aiitin-it't CuU(li Syrup wnuM ho wit ii t
I t.irnneily Itar hia name ilul he U"t knun
Its witth.
Ttmiji-rjnic les-on A yeutloiiiif
iuwiIlK thu .St I'aitick tiioco-eiriii in
Saw York ouihcard a foot imoi nry
"IJodndl The whisky selleis r m Mm
Iiophch, but the wliisky tlnnkers j-hs u
fut."
TEN OREGON PAPERS
Doacrlpttvo of Oregon ncenorjr
OroK Townn, Or(roa Farm.
Oregon Hume atnil ot
Oregon Mnthoda of
Mtakln(c t
Living.
t innrlr adiI liullilul 1 1,-ti i.l lm urrnlra
nl rtri)lii lire mill Iter lmi nlni' liiialniaa
Ih I1iI raranai Mrlrin sinlr. unrnliir.il li
llir liiriuenrr nl i'nlliHy Inuil ioniAHlra ui
li-nl rlMlrHpri-ul.ilurii.
Iliniiiil In miiiiililri fui in i.f lisi itmililr
pnut-u. Illii.lint.il lrla lluilnrl) ilhulia
rr.iyiin iiKImii .
Ii It VI h r ip. ti.ipril tii.il-pHlil f aijif
riiioilr) ll Ii 4 1 Ipt lit irlir,
Aililllsal
D. If STEAHTJ?!. P.iPt'uiKl. Or.
vimv4i,t, av.l r ..ii i i.. i. US .1. Ill I'K.
Maniirarturiiy Oi ik-lnur. rlilliidrlpliln. I'h.
S" rHtnl tor lllulrialFil I'rUil I ulitl-won.
In 1850 "limit.,, im.
were I., rlucil, o fur u
tru (I Ma. f! in m A.li m ii
uropH U.t h.t Ueu anijrallilej.
I'r rl. '
GUNS
or trtxr umd oiafii tmam itx.
SUn, Khut Hunt, Rrrulvttm, Amrauultlua
11hlit. TacUIv, Kttln, Net, KttlTs,
llitxor) hkstaa, Jlaatiuocks, etc.
ICarK Ututtratnl JhUiIm;u rilKK.
GREAT WESTERN GUN WORKS
riTTHUiruau, fji.