Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887, July 27, 1883, Page 7, Image 7

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    WILLAMETTE FARMER: PORTLAND, OREGON, JULY 27, 18M.
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grange folium.
UKAXGE IMREOrOKY.
Oregon State Oranee.
W. M JuJe U. V B)iie, Sil'm," Oregon.
W Lcturir, II E. tUes, Staff ird, Clack
amas Co,, 0 egnn. i
W. Secretiry, Mr. M. J. Train, Hirmburg, '
Linn (Jo., Uregoi .
Subordinate Oranges ot Oregon and Washing
tonName and Address of Secretary
Oak Plain, N . 6 H. B. Spreuger, She-Id,
Linu Co., OrLgon.
Tangent, No 7 J. II. Scott, Tangent, Linn
Co., Oregon.
Grand Prairie, No. 10 Nnnrod Payne, Al-
bmy, Li ii Co., Oivoon.
Harrislunv.Ni 11 S S. Tiaii, Harrisbuig,
Linu C., Or gdn. - ,
Soap Creek, Nj. U-W. L Cauthoro, Well-,
Bent 'i, C i , Oregon.
Salem, Nt. 17 T J. Ljusltiiaii, Silem,
llar.miCo , Oiegon.
Tumc, Xi. IS -Wm. M.
Marion Co , Orngnu
Lcbacon, No. 21 J M
Hilli nry, Turin r,
, Settle, 1j Uii on,
Linn Co , Orngon.
Knox lluttn. No. 22 J,
Z Kiux, 1 'any,
Liiiti Co , Oregon.
Hirminy, No 2.1-J. H
Powell, Albiu,,
Linn Vo , tjirgm.
Mono, No. 2"i II, C Mclinmouil ,
vil i'. l'ollt l., lire joe.
Grind Prairie, N . 20 A. C. Jumi
ing, Lau C i . On 3'in
Evening Stir, No 27 Hull Kei
s. Irv
, Ent
l'iirtl mil, Mult' i mi eju.Ong u.
McMmuville, No. 31 -I) 0 Durham, Mc-
Miuiivnli-, Ynmhill Co., Oic'oii
Scio, No. DC H. 8 Williams, Suo, Lmn
Co., Oregon.
Santia u N . 37 II nry Cytu. Scio, Linn
Co., Orugni.
Molalla, N 40 Mary S Howard, Mo'alli,
Clickunas Co , Ore gin.
Jordan Valley. N , 42, 1'iauk Thayer, Mt
PKasant. Linn Co. Ox.l'uii
Willam tt, No flJ Mokley Moo.f, Ct'rval
lis, Benton t o., Oregon
Siuslaw, No .14 Itaao Slmpoo, Sinslaw,
Lane C .. Orieon.
Saad Hidg , No. 57 -Jum"s M. (swank, Al
bany Linn Co 0 gon.
r ,i . .,. xt m , T .-.111.... lf.1 It,
i Kimiuoniuu, i,u. n v. Li-lulling, -mi', .wivii.,
Zl Clackafius C , 0 ocon.
nest Union, So. 72 Mm Xiil'im freem n,
Wcat Union, Wa lii.igtoi C., Ores' n
Powell's Valley. No. S4-U .uj Wi barns,
Powell's Valley, Multnnimh C , Oregm
Charity, No. 103 Mms Aguts Waggoner,
H U 'V. Linn C , Oregon
doshen, No. 101 W R D.llaid, Goshen,
L n C , On nn
Kounl 1'riiri , No I 0-S T Nortl cntt,
Brii'lv", Mario i Co.. Oigoi.
Fannin jto , No. 110 Ca wnJick, Reedvil'e,
WuliMicton Co . Oreir n
'J Tualatin, No. 11 1 P. M Kruso, Wilsonville,
lu Clackamas Co., Ore m
JBatte. N 143 C. I'' Tigard, t'ori'iml,
(2 . Maltuonnh C, On gon
fW.ajrvi.l , N IB') W. C. Nicholson, Bucr
City, Bi'ttr C , Ore,on.
Bv.er City , N i. lit! ' homa i Smith, Aiil urn,
i B ker Co , O.tgin
i Ca won Citj , No. 101 -K S P.ufUld, Can
yon City, 0 int Co,, Oceemi.
nd Clark, No 1G2 Henry Hill, Prairie
City. Oruit Co , Oregon.
ezo No 17." M. K. ship'ey, Oiwego,
CUck.imas (Ji , Oie'on.
phine, N. 17!) J. S Cliithim, Wildcr-
villc, Jtuonlnne Co , Or 'on
A iihiDctoi. No. 181 A. P. S loenn'ce, Wil
li? liarn-, JosephiiiH Co , O'.a'in.
r.iRo ue R ver. No. 190 W. B GiVoj, E'Uns
'ask "t r n. n
Charity, No. 13 C P. Chugh m, GrangoviIIe,
Id ho Itru'otv
Wash uga , No. C .I.Moore Wlshougil,
Clark Cj , w. r.
Qrango Frogrammo
Something for every one to lo, rind a
time in ivliieh it is to done, is the i-eeut
:of sucees'' in the plnnning and can ing
Out of Gi.ingo ioik. Sjstem is ceiy-
iyheio needed, and in Gianpc work iill
'not bo likely to ho seemed without ,i well
J.. !.l wimrrf i ,t,,,m full ,,, r.ntnil .i,l
WU-l?VVI JIIU,.,!!!!!!, ,,I1 III U,.,l. IIIIW
Wpincticnble. The 14 of plans need ekill
'miful execution tosecuredeiiediesults Tlio
aKflrs' stei) is the pan or, pioginmine which
Still iriio men- one noinetliinir tonrcnaro
-for and do in an allotted time.
fMrGrango lnogianune aio usually tl.o
ork of the (iiaiige Lecturer, mid that
'officer hould be well Miitcd to the posi-
t' on and happy in being ahle.to call to liis
laid the best ability in the Grange
A well ananged piogianimo will call
into nctmty all the meinl'l ot the
4 Grange to secure, 1st, interesting and at;
T trnctiie meetingi that will bring out a
& i i i.i.. . 1 o.i ..!:. ...
gOOll IIlUUlUCIMllJI j illHI, -U, IU LUUIWUi:
and brine into eercio all the latent abil
ity of the joung and diflident meniberr!,
making the Giange to them a school of
instruction and training.
Tho fact that the Granges aio more of
them beginning to feci the want of pro
grammes and employ them is I good
proof of the progress being made each
year.
Many Granges havo excellent pro
grammes well arranged anil neatlv print
ed, while others are contented with old
slip-shod, wooden mold-board style of
work.
Whv not take alittlo moro pains to get
tho girls interested in farm life; in its
profits and pictures ad well as hard work
and unroniantic drudgery. Get them to
raising chickens, ducks, geeso or anything
they tako n fancy to ; not the ordinary
mongrels, but got them started with
choice fowls from some of the best strains,
and sec how quick they will take delight
in it nnd make it a matter of no small
profit at tho same time. Let them buy
and sell ana trtnc on tneir own account ;
: ahI 1,r tlinm Tmt trill rlrv them frond
ik mvmv ,,. ...v..., . ....- -- -- o--
and make them more independent and
better, able to take caro of themselves.
It is nfwid mistake to keep girls from ac
qvjonc aclual husuies2kjaQleilge.UclL
lUt Can OIllV IHJ UUiaiuni " n-iauimi
participation in businesa iraiisacuons,anu
whiqh will mako them more fit lor any
. Iii : i:i . i '
USCiUI UJlt!llI 111 11IU.
" ?1 ,
tier iace o wniw. ana n-r uii
feet frit a though the blood did not'eircuUU,
After one bottTe of Bop Bitters bad, been
taken the as the rosiest and healthfest girl
in the tonn, with a vivacity and cheerfulness
of mind gratif) ing to her fneeds.
The Crop Outlook.
The Times-Mountaineer says: In a
com creation with nn intelligent farmer
during the week, wo learn that tho out
look for crops during tho present season
is varied by the different localities. In
places where the snow laid to any depth
tho fall-sow n grain looks well, while at
other points where it blew off or did not
lan, ute gram is uuuu nun iiie uiuji is
v ry light. On bottom land both fall and
spring sown grain will bo a 'good yield.
lie informed us that in some sections the
jield will hardly bo enough for seed, and
in others about nn aicragc crop. Not
withstanding the f.norable spiing
weather tho summer has bceu tmusually
dry nil over the coast, and even the Wil
lamette alley ia threatened with diouth.
A Fine Drain Field
The Times-Mountaineer says : We
are informed by Mr. Geoigo A. Liebe
that the finest giain field he has seen foi
some time he saw lately about ten miles
fiom Alkali, owned by Wcutheifoid
15uw. He think theieis about a thous
and auie-, ne.uly as lcol as n lloor. The
ciop appeal to be a splendid one, and
he thinks the jield will be eij salisfae
toiy. The poition sown la"t autumn is
lipening fast and is now ne.ul.i icady foi
the sickle. Mi. J.icbe was ery much
siupiiid to ce tho extent ofcountiy
that has been settled and farmed in Mie
last few .cai-, and beliee,s theie is let
sull'icient vacant land to suppoit a much
laiger town than Tho Dalles.
Fiom the Curiy Co Post we Ieani that
Mr. W. T. White, of that place, who has
a Hock of Angoias, we arc informed that
Oregon goat ileecca tank fiist class in tl e
maiket, and he attributes it as paitially
duo to the i.uiety of the biotise, the
jiuiity of the nir, watei, etc The per
centage of lo-, is quite small ; they are
not nlllictcd with disease, and 1 ind wholly
unfit foi any other kind of stoc k will keep
goats in fine condition. Tliey seem, and
aie benefitted by a lough, loeky, bioken
countiy, and much of the biu-h countiy
of Ctiuy county is no doubt suit ible foi
Angoras, nnd it could thus be utilucd to
good adinntage.
The Waeo Sun ny.i fine sample of
Lincoln giass can bo seen in the Pun
olllco, giown by Mi. JamOs Millei, of the
Ten Mile houo, on Tho Dalles and
Study load. Mr. Millei say that tho
giound i high, thin soil bench land, the
sub-soil being clay. He thinks that his
ciop would bo not les than two and a
half tons to the acie. The stock is line,
but not le-s than file and a half feet
high. It isiipeand splendidly seeded.
Mi. Miller states that it K much eailier
to stmt than other gi.is, and gets its
giowth eailier. Ho will furnish what
seed he has to spaio. which may b had
by .in oidei left at tho Sun olhce. Wo
aie much pleased with tho sample. It
must o lery aluable for many
localities'.
Dining one day Iat week while passing
over tho load leading fiom Ynkima to
The Dalles we met onin -18 oi 20 fi eight
wagons he.nily laden with wool. It was
from diffluent puts of this county and
was on the way to market. The clip this
yen has been good. Mr. J. 1'. Mattomi
of this place sheaicd some 2,200 fiom
which he got nn aieiage of about seen
pounds to the head. 1'ioin one ewe
eailing begot a clip of fouiteen pounds
and one e.xtia fine fellow lielded his win
ter gainieut weighing twent-one and a
quaitei pound. It is said that wool has
recently come dow n gieatly in price, It
is p-rhaps only a fchemo to "'pull the
wool oer .the eyes'' of'eonsumcis who
would doubtlcs do well to hold back 'for
better piiccs Signal.
The Spokane Chionicle s.us Mi.
Korrcst left at our olhco lnt week a
specimen of fia grown on his claim
oior the livof on Spokano gi.ncl. It i
the fiist ciop on sod laud and impei
frVtly cultivated, and on'j gnes a hint
of what the land might bo cainblo of
producing Sowed late mid witlt'i eiy
ill j sen-oil it jet looks fresh and vigor
ous. We have always Ind a dcire to
see the gravel moio thoroughly tested,
nnd these expeiiments latify our confi
dence of its ultimate utility in greatly
increasing our area of productive soil.
Recently quite a largo number of
filings have been made on the sago
brush lands down the river from Yakima
City, and wo understand it is the inten
tion of tho parties who have made the
filings to tako water from the Yakima a
short distance below tho ferry, and con
struct a ditch to water a vast body of
laud that can thus bo reclaimed.
Smith Brothers & Co., of Kittitas val
ley, havo purchased Ben Snipes' stock
ranch on the Gkanagon, together with
000 head of cattle and ten horses. The
consideration was $18,000. Tho cattle
a're of extra fine quality, being composed
botl! of stock cattle and steers.
Tho Corvallis Gazetto says. Mr. D J.
Porter, of Yamhill county, has seven
acres of white French wheat on his farm
that hat wintered through. It'starids
shoulder high and loobi well. This kind
of wlu at ha a large berryand can'be
sown cithcrvas fall or spring w heat. '
"There Is" one filing certain, says tho
Wnlla Walla Union, and that is, the
peoplo i abroad w ill know the oxtent of
our props when they hear that the pres
ent f Jcihtics Of -the O. R. X. Co. is in
sufficient 'to carry tho grain out of the
country' this season.
i 'Tilt Big-Bend Bustler is the euggestivo
title of "a new pajitr which the rising
town of Davenjiort has the privilege of
calling to assist in its development
jjftfltk.
How to Shoe Horses
It may interest some of jour leaders to
learn my method of shoeing. While
there have been great improvements in
almost everj thing else during the last
quarter of a century, I havo noticed little,
if any, improvement in horse-shoeing.
I started to learn the blacksmith trade
in 1838, and have never done anything
else. I claim to lie nn expert at all kinds
of carnage work nnd horse-shoeing.
Sonic people say that n cairinge-iioner
cannot know how to shoe a hoise. lean
give you names of hundreds of the best
citizens of Clay county, Mo , who will tes
tify to my capacity as a horse-shoer, and
after jou have read about my method
von can judge for youiself.
For tho past eighteen years I have been
coutantly shoeing hoiscs, and have
learned the vvajs of seveial State and
Canada, and Iascit positively that there
is only one way to shoe a hoiso so that he
will travel easv and atthesiuuo time keep
tho hoof sound. Some may say that all
hoi cs cannot bo shod in the .same way,
but 1 claim they can. Allow mo to dc
sciibe the method 1 iicaud 1 believe you
will ngiee with me in the statement just
made. If following instructions aio caio
fully followed the ie-ult will be sati-fae-tory
in every cace.
Fiit, I tako a good l(l-inch i.ip and
inp down the foot level, watching that
tho heel aio not cut downtoolow. After
the foot is trimmed to the piopci hnio 1
uo a knife to smooth it, mid never cut
the bi aces of tho foot, foi they aie the
sliength of it ; and never 110 tho knife on
tho fiog, foi it is the hcait of the foot.
The frog "beds off once in two or tlnce
months, when the foot is in healthy con
dition The fiog is intended for a cush
ion, anil tholaigei it is the better. When
n. lmiso tiots, he always strikes the heels
to the giound first, and if ho has a largo
frog exposed to tnko first, it will nntui
nlly lescn the j.u to the leg, and openate
to keep tho heels well spiead. On the
other hand if the fiog is cut out, wlnit is
left becomes diy, so that it cannot bo cut
with a knife, and the heels sluink to
gether. After having trimmed the feet, as I
havo stated, to the proper sue, I select a
hoc jut l.uge enough to cover the foot,
and then shape it to fit Applving it to
the hoof, I watch that the hoof is scorched
only enough to show the uncvciinos. of
the foot, and then with a l.isp or knife
smooth Hue. In this way I novel fail to
lit a hoe piopeily. If the shoe is fitted
correctly, the liccl mo always spiead out.
If tho shoes aio too long-, the heels will bo
diawn togethei, and the foot being thus
pinched it becomes contiactcd, and lcsiilt
in a lame hoisc.
Xe.xt, the shoeing should alwavs be
concaved on tho foio feet. The shoe
should only beai on tho outei lim of the
hoof, and w a'' h that it bears equally all
mound' .mil not simply on tho heel and
toe. If these directions are followed, the
horse will neicr bo troubled with lame
ness in the feet, caused by improper shoe
ing. If the shoo is not left on 111010 than
sity dnvs, biuites 01 coins connot foun
in tho hoof.
Now, a word about driving nails and I
havo done. Nails should novel bp driven
high, and then in six or eight week the
foot will have grown sufficient! to cna-
blo tho shoei to cut the old nail-holes,
leaving sound hoofs. If tho nails, how
cvci, aio driven high, at the next shoeing
tho hoof will not have grown enough to
cut out the old nail-hole, and the water
and mud will soak into these old holes,
and cause tho hoof to become) rottin and
brittle. I honestly believe that most of
tho leadeis of this paper will agieo with
me that the only tiuo way to shoo a horse
is to follow the lull laid down above
A. Likook, in Blacksmith and Wheel-
right.
Cattle Arrive!
S. It (ieddis ai rived yeteidav via the
Snoqualmie Pass with 121 head of beef
cattle, which ho nt onco bold to S. C'oultei
& Sons. Geo. Smith was only a half day's
drive behind Geddis, with 100 head of
cattle, among which aio 20 head of woik
oxen Mr. Geddis in speaking of h s trip
and the country in general, said , "The
roads, or rather tho trails, aio in lino con
dition, and wo experienced little or no dif
ficulty in coining over thcsumniit. Tho
parties on the wagon road me pushing
it ahead .as rapidly as po-siblo and hope
to seo the pcoplo of King county meet
them on the summit, l.ct that road bo
completed and jour streets would be lined
with people from our section. Kven those
who' had no particular business would
come over t' enjoy tho sen brccveand de
lightful climate of the Sound. I really
believe," ho continued, "that 11 good
wagon road from Kastern Washington to
Seattle, by way of tho Snoqualmie I'uhs,
would be of moro direct benefit to your
city than a railroad. The high price of
beef has been a good thing for our ieo
ple, who, a a rule, oro prosperous and
happy."
"Did you sec anyono working on the
Cascade, branch pf they Northern Pacific
R.iilroad?"'nsked our reporter.
'Yes," replied Mr. Geddis "J, saw a
party of alxmt pnq hundred men in a
canyon near the pass. They had already
gone to work, and it was rrjiorted they
would 1 joined by four or fho hundred
moro in a few dnys. I don't know whether
the railroad company means to build tho
branch, or aro only making a big bluff to
hold the only practical pass in tho Cascade
mountains, and keep any other company
from getting in ahead of them Our peo
ple are considerably excited over tho mat
ter, and all sorts of stories are in circula
tion. Timo, alone will tell" Post-lntelli-gencer.
' ' Keeping Old Cows
It pays to run a macluno as long as it
can le nude to return a fair profit on tho
cost of operating it. Using tho old ma
chine saves interest on a new investment,
and C10 continued wear on it does not
decrease its value, for the waste material
in a condemned machine will be the same
whether it is wholly or only half worn
out.
The caso is quite different with farm
stock, which can be ued as food when it
begins to diminish in usefulness to its
owner. The man who keeps an ox 01 a
cow till it pines with old age is double
loser by so doing. It invaiiably cots
more in food and cute to maintain an old
animal than a voting one. As the vigor
of lifo fails, digestion is les perfect and
asinnlation slower and more difficult, and
the waste is gi eater. As tho decline goes
on moro and 11101c food is required to pro
duce a given amount of lnboi, or milk,
01 meat. Old aninuls can seldom be fat-
toned at a profit, even if theii llesh was
as valuable as that of a voting ones, be
cause it requires so much 11101 e time and
feed to do it. Hut then flesh is not equal
to that of animals in their prime, so there
is a loss, both in the quality nnd in the
cot of producing. Old cows that have
been milked till their life forco I111 been
exhausted, 111 ike iciy poor and low-
Pi iced, as well as expensive bcel. W lien
11 cow ha reached tvv elv 0 to fourte en eai
of age, it baldly pav- to fatten her, if she
lotild be hid foi no"' ing. Some cows of
extraordinary quail . may be prolitnbly
kept as long as the., can be, for the sake
either of stock or 1111 , but aveiage cow
are better conveit into beef before it
would bo nppioprii' to call them old.
National Live Stool, .louinnl, Chicago.
Growth of Colts.
vfi'
In ordei to wintera colt well, aniWiuie
him come out a fine, showy, stuiify'iini
mnl in the spring, strict attention must
be paid to hi giowth the fiist sumniei
nnd autumn. If the marc's milk is de
ficient to keep the colt in good lleh
and thriving steadilv, it is best to have
ieeourc at onietoeow'smilk. Skimmed
milk answeis for this purpoe, piuticu
laily if some llaxseed jellv, oil 01 cotton
seed meal is mixed with it. A heaped
table-spoonful night and morning is
enough to begin with when the colt i 11
month old. This can be ineieaid to a
pint a day bv degiees up to the time it
is six mouths old, or double this if it is
a colt of the l.uge farm 01 eart-hoie
bleed.
Oats alo niav be given as soon 11s
they can be eaten Higin with a half
pint night and morning, and go on in
creasing, aceoiding to the age and ie of
the miiiiuil, to four qu.uts a day. Tbee,
togethei with the meal above, should be
supplemented with a couple of quurtsof
wheat lnaii night and n.oiniug. Tho lat
tci is good lo pi event wouns and helps
to keep thelHjwels in good condition.
Colts should not bo peiniittcdto stand
on a plank, lenient, paved 01 nnv haul
fl r the first ye.u, as these aie liable to
injuriously ailed their feet and legs
Uiilesstlioj.ini where they inn in win
tei has a sandy 01 fine giavollv soil it
should be littered, so as to keep theii
feetdiy. Mud 01 soft, witish ground is
apt to make tender hoofs, no niattei how
well bred tho colt maybe. One reason
why hoises in one district glow up supi"
rior to tlio-o in another in hoof, Imhio,
muscle and action, is because it has a
hud, li limit-tune or silicons soil
When the mare is at work do not let the
colt 11111 with hoi ; and if she eonie'
hick from bet woik heated, poiinit hei
to get cool before suckling the tolt, n
hei oveihiateu milk is apt to give liel
foul the diarrhina.
Handling Lambs
As soon as the lambs get to be eight 01
tendnvs old wo dock them, cutting the
tail oil, leaving about 01m inch, and nppl.v
giound sulphur, which has a teiidenev to
stop the flow of blood and foi 111 a scab 01
iiiveiing When fifteen 01 twenty davs
old, if there are anj that do not appeal
to bo good enough foi hicttli 1, we cas
tiate them 111 tho following miinnei, to
wit 'I In attendant takes up the lamb,
holding it with euro with its back against
Ins bic.tst, with the feet lunily gta-ped ,
with a sharp knife we take oil tho end of
the bug, then piess the seeds down with
cure f wit!, a pair of pliers or pinccis
tako hold of tho end of tho seed and
diavvit outwith caro, craping tho string
between tho fore-finger and thumb nail ,
then apply soino hud and spirits of tui
IK'titine, mixed in equal parts. If tho job
is done with caro and the lambs aro not
left out in tho storm, there is no need of
losing many. Rural World.
A writer in tho Scientific American
says "We clean our premises of the de
testablo vermin, rats, by making white
wash yellow- with copperas and covering
tho stones and rafters with it. In eveiy
crevice in which a rat may go we put tho
crystals of tho copperas, and scatter in
the corner of the floor. Tim result was a
jierfect stampede of ruts and mil e. Sinco
that timo not a footfall ol either" rats or
mice lias been heard around the house.
Kvery spring a coat of yellow wash is
given tho icllar an a purifier, us 11 rat ex
terminator, and no typhoid, dysentery or
fever attacks tho family. Many persons
deliberately attract all thp , rats 111
tho niighliorhood by leaving the fruits
and vegetables uncovered in tho cellar,
and sometimes even tho soup is left open
for their rtgalement. Covir up every
thing eatable in the cellar and pantry and
vou will soon starve them out These
precautions joined to tho service of a
good cut will prove as good a rut extenni
nator as the chemit can provide Wo
never allow rats to bo poisoned in our dwel
ling They aro so apt to die between tho
walls and produce much annoyance,
Tli best spring medicine known Is that
wonderful tome, Brown's Iron Bitters.
Benton county has a debt of 81,070 00.
fcjc airti.
Slandering tho Little Cutter Cow.
After giv ing the Jeroy cow a part of
the pi.iisc to which she is justly entitled
because of her unequalled merit as a butter-producer,
the Secretary of the Agri
caltur.tl Convention remarked .
"Somebody asked Bill Smith, of Spring
field, one dav what he thought of the
Jersey s. Smith laughed, with that fat,
rollicking chuckle of his, and gasped:
'The Jeise.vs me mighty good cattle
mightv (rood for men too poor to ow 11 a
cow nnd too proud to ki-ep a goat.' "
"Unit ioniums nicy said the rcjioitcr
sadly, "of what I heaid 11 day 01 two ago
A fanner in Maiyland went into bleeding
Jerse.vs, a ve.u 01 two ago, and got to
gethei a fail benl, mid then suddenly
sold the whole batch. One of his neigh
boring bleeders asked him, 'What's the
niattei with you' I thought von believed
in the Jersov s, and hero vou've eli.ined
them all out.'
" 'I do believe in them. They are the
b stbuttei cattle in the world.'
' Then what in thundei did you sell
out foi ?'
" 'Well, you are a hinder, nnd won't
repeat it, so I'll te.l jou. You see my
wife's niotbei gave hei a eat a little
thing the old woman thought light sniait
of, it was uch a good mouei. In a few
dajsnftei the blamed cat came on the
place, niv Jersey calves began to disappear.
My wife wouldn't let 1110 kill hei eat, so I
had to sell my Jowis, to save them, you
sie.'
"'Ah, ye, I see.'"
Said tho 1'iiifessor quietly . "Col lid.
Lucas met Judge Luso on the lailway
platform one day, when the Judge bud
just alighted from a join ney and said.
'Glad t' see ye, Judge, but soiry jou had
bad luck with join stock while away.'
"Had luck! what d'ye mean?'
" 'What about them? what's the miittoi
with them, I'd like to know?'
'"I kindei bate to tell you, Judge,
Didn't youi folk write to vou about it?'
"'Not a blamed woid. What was it,
anyhow?'
"Well, you had 'cm in the lot next to
tho barn, you know '
"Ye, y'es! What tho dickens is the
niattei with you, man why can't you spit
it out?'
" 'Well,' veiy dehlwiatolv , with 11 glance
at the curious crowd, 'one of of your Co
chin loosteis got in thcio mid swallowed
both ol them. Thought they were giass
hoppci, ye see.'"
After unanimously voting that the
above weie base l.iiideis, the convention
adjoin ned.
The Dairy Interetts A the United States
The linpoitauio of the dauy interest,
of the countiy is quit kly seen in consid-
1 iing the following figure Pioni the
c lisiis upoits we Irani that 772,201,000
pounds of huttci weie made on fauns
and 20,121,000 pounds at fin tones
making a total of M)l,li2.",000 io rods.
Alo that 27,2(10,000 pounds of ehiese
weie made on fmnis and 2iri,bS.'i,;((K)
pounds weie made at faetones, giving a
total of 21.1,115,000 pounds of choose
The buttei, at an aveiage juice of !I0
1 cuts jiei jiotind, would therefore be
woith t2 1 0,1 87,500, mil thewoith of the
the ebeiso product, at l!l icnts jiei
jiound, would be r!ll,-0&,8,"0 Beidi s
till, ovei l,U0O,0OU Ji'illllils ol olcolimi
gaiino weie iiuiniifiictllie.il.
'I lie growth of tbc'so branches of fiuin
jnoduct has bei n lapul The total pro
duction of butter in the I'nitid States
and Teiiitoiies in 1S50 wu :ti:i,!ll.',!iOli
Hounds, mil in 18C.0 I5'.),('.S1,:I72 jiouuds
Of ihu-o 10.",5:i5,S'.t:i pounds 111 IM50,
and 10.l,(.(i:i,027 pounds 111 lbbO. Clucsi
is veiy nch inllesh-foinnngi oiistitin tits,
and is tlitiiloio ,1 highly uiitiiliousuili
lie of diet adapted to the use of the la
boring 111.111, and docs 111010 to 1e.j1.111 the
waste of muciilai exution th"ii many
tunes its weight of butti 1 01 fill 1111 at
Still it ajipeais that chiise does not en
tei largely into the daily food of the
working classes of this 1 ouiitiy, 11s it
does in lhuojioand Gieul lliitaiu Tho
cheese eiii)i led from tho Unitid States
last yeai amounted to 127,(.lh0,782
Iiounds, valued at 1 1,058,075 Ifc!uco
making wen us thoroughly understood
111 this countiy as it is in Ihliojie, the dt -maud
would be gieatly increased. O111
dauy men, howevti, 1110 uiilfi J)i 1-111K,
and wo may exjii ct that before long the
jiiocesscs of American cheeo inimufiu
ture will icneh that jieifection which
idono contributes to uniformity of ex
cellence and distinctiveness of ihuiaclci.
At a recent dairymen's convention one
of tho members, during the course of his
remark's, among other hints about farm
economy, said "If there is anything
under heaven that will huso tho mort
gage oil your farm quicker than a t ow, I
do not know what it is It hasjirovetl to
Ikj tho best mortgage liflu that was ever
introduced into Illinois, Iowa or Wiscon
nil, and it can be mudo to do as much for
other States as it has done for these."
After a hard day's work jour horso will
f.cl much liettei if given tho frcidom of
a lot in which to excreiso than if he is
confined in a close stall where exc!Clc is
nniioHsible It is too sudden a change to
lie eomjK'llod to stand in one jiosition dur
the whole night, and is very ajit to jiro
tluce stillness of the joints and limbs.
A recent discovery on thu head of tho
Cowlitz river, reveals and 1 stablifbes tho
fact that Washington Territory can now
boast of the grandest waterfall in tho
known world its height being 1,500 fu I.
These falls aro 1,1100 feet higher than tho
famous Niagura Falls Baker County
Hcville.
Hon. W. F. Audenon of Shohone, I. T,, is
desd.
Time to Cut Grasses tor Bar
The lateness of tho season may make
tin topic timely even at the middle bf
July. Tho grass croj) being our moat
imjiortnnt, too much attention cannot be
given to eveiy detail in its culturo and
jwsorv ation The f irmcrs of this country
have giv en much more attention to the
condition of gr.is when cut for bay dur
ing the last ten y cars, and this has iai
jnoved the quality of the hav in our
large nimkets. The old junctico was to
cut grass nt any time most convenient,
until dead ripe?. In fact, a largo part of
the hay made was of not much more
value than straw. This was a most seri
ous loss in fixxl value, and also a los in
the vitnhtv of the glass plant. It is a
great strain on the vitality of tho plant
to njien its ced, ns, in the caso of nn- ,
minis ripening the feed is the Inst stage
of life.
When the gias plant comes to tho
tage of blossoming, it has accumulated
111 its stalk and loot all tho material re
quired foi the completion of seed ripen
ing Hie stock must at tins period, there
fore, contain nil the nutriment of any
lalei stage. And when grass is in blon
soin, its nutriment is in 11 succulent and
olublo state and easily digested. When
peiniitted to stand bovon this, it doveV- '
ops tho eod and ieluloe or woodv fibre.
At bloom tho 1 mi uncut which the
seed contains i then in the stalk, mid if
then cut and cured foi hay the hay will
contain nil tho nutriment in the best
foi m. Nicely euieil bay, fiom grass cut
at this time will winter young cattlo in
line condition, when hay from rijio glass
will not winter them in respectable con
dition. Giain niut be added to ninkoup
the loss in digestible food during the
ripening jiiocess. Beidcs, most of our
meadow giases, cut when in blossom,
will mature .1 second ciop.
Timothy is much injured by late cut
ting. We hive seen whole nieadowu
mined by out' late cutting Tho only
way to avoid gient injuiy to it by late
cutting is to cut it time to font inihes
high. Close cutting will 1 lit below the
bulb, mid this often kills tho loot. More 1
weight of hav will bo obtained from tim
othy by lute Hitting, hut this extra
weight is indigestible, woody libie. Or
ehanl glass should be cut just at the first
appellant 0 of bIooui, 11s this becomes
woody veiy oon aftei that,
Tho First Silo in EnfilanJ
Theltev.O II. 1'tiitl, of Uishojiton,
I'Yiiyhill, Dm ham, says :
""My silo is now complete. I have had
to contend with watei, which has added
to the 1 os of coustiuction I have
bought 111 experience, and I give it lo
the public. I thought, in my ignorance,
(hut fifteen inches of toneiete, which
wa lined with one inch of tenicnt,
would have kt pt it luck, its theio was
no pressure; but it did not, and I have
bad to tlig down ontsido and below tho
foundation seven feet ami put in two
feet thick of well-jiuddled clay, and 1
have also put mi ovtia inch of cement
ovei the bottom and sides. The iot in
round nuiiibeirt is about 10 If 1 hud
to miike nnothel in the same pliuo 1
would now save neatly 10. I should
iliseaid concrete and wall tho insido with
bricks and lenient mortal, hacking it asl
went 011 with jiuddled tiny I could not
put in a drain except at a great exjiense,
owing lo the configuration of the land
adjoining Astlus is the lust silo built in
tin countiy, it may be of intuet to tho
iigrn 11Itt11.1l woild, and heneo this letter.
I 11111 astonished tlmt tho great agricul
tural sociities, notably the l!oyiil,andthe
huge lot nl shows niedoing nothing 111 the
interest of ensilnge The dimensions of
my silo me 15 fci I long, '.) feet di ej, 7
feit 10 inihes wide inside measurement"
Xoitliem I'tlio
Damaged Crops Saved in Silos.
A ciop of oats i unit d by the wet sea
son was savid by ensilaging it, tho oat
sheaves having hi en inn generally sodden
tonditiou and the 1 01 11 in theiii so thor
oughly spioultd that apparently all w.u
woithli'ss o.m e( foi manure Iho jiro
ccss of ensilage toiiristid in pulling the
oats in a silo 01 pi!,iiud adding about 1100
jKinnds of salt to III tons of the giccu
foddei When tin pit was npencil last
month, nflni having bien clottl neatly
eighteen wteks tho teuipeiittiilo was
found to bo 1 10 degrees, tho mass was in
L'ood i omlition. l'iwiil' a limiiiillt odor.
and was readily eaten by horses and cat
tle Tho thtory ot the jnocess is that
when giet 11 foddei is jiliittil 111 a water
tight pit iiudci jiiessuie heat is gem ra
ted and fei mentation ensues Tlio o
ygin in the interstitial nir is sjifidily
iibsorlml and its jilaio taken by carlonic
nt id gas, so that the fermentation ami ita
actomjiaiiying heat are arrested in the
mass of closely -put kul fodder immersed
ill a bath of t m'liouli acid, just asa lighted
l.iudlo extinguishes itself in a bath of
choko-thimji of its own making when
burned 111 a tlose vessel Of lourse, the
moio jmrfictly uir-tight the silo is tlio
more jii rfectly will its lonlenlH Ixi pre
served Tho fiit should ho tementeil so
as to lie water-jiroof 1indon Agricul
tural Gnette
V M Oshoin laid on our table a line
1
sjiccimen ol radishes, something over a
foot long and an inch and a half in di
ameter w Inch was mild, criqi and of excel
lent llavtir lie has iimny more of llif)
same sort lie has, too, on his ranifi,
uliout two miles noitli of west from town,
oats growing em the ground, jilowesl lie
ii,i.i in, I,, tlmt mil vii Id hilli U) bushels
I to tho ucro. It is hcaeli d out and reaches
1 .... 1,, i.;u ,.i,,., ;., 1., ,1.1,1 l.'i!iitn I.iumi.
Ill, l', 1IIO lll 111 IHI,III ........... .-....
i.er
A neighbor eomjilainid to an Austin
clergyman that tholutter's little boy was
throwing stones at tho neighbor's house.
"I don't know what to tlo with that loy
The devil himself can't break that 1ht
... . i. . ... 1 1 .r.i f..il.. r
01 throwing stones 1 vu men iiiiuiumy
I Texas biftinge