Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887, July 13, 1883, Page 7, Image 7

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    WILLAMETTE FAltMER: POKTLAJND, OREGON', JULY 13, 1883.
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Farm Horses.
The blooding oF f.um lioie, or"liorc-of-.ill-work,"
a-" tlioy li.no for n long time
been called in this country, constituted a
large part of the business of tho&CMvho in
the earlier en in of agricultural operations,
deoted thenitehes to the leaiing andde
elopmcnt of this nniinal. In the Colon
ial dajs many wcll-bied and Milunblo
horses were imported both from England
and from the Continent of Europe. The
English hojsci weic valued as much for
their pow er and igor as for their blood,
Amidst the haidships and poxcrtyof set
tlers there was but little time to attend to
the turf, and still less money to defray its
expenses. The horses impoi ted, how e cr,
would h.ne acquitted theni'-ehcs well in
such sen ice, and they laid the foundation
of a race which on the coui.-e, the load
under the saddle and at the plow, wcio
capable of pcifoiming much and aluable
work. The e.ulv 1'ieiicli scttlei" brought
into Canada a gicat number of hardy,
nicdium-siycd animals capable of pei-
forming a gieat amount of labor and of
enduring the haul fare and cold climate of
that eounti v. 1 liese strains of blood soon
commingled and cieated the foundation
of that gieat mass of horses now counted
by millions and which, while Aarvmg m
size, according to the locality in which
they aie bicd and fed, constitute that
equine family known as the "Ameiican
Horse." The addition to these strains of
blood of the ht.nier horses of Scotland
and Xormandy has added to the size of
these animals in those sections where foi
age and giain aie abundant, but the char
acteristics are not changed. And while
we hac pound into this channel the
warm, couiagcous, enduiing blood of the
Thoioughbred and the coolness and pa
tience of the Xoi man, and the 'olid reso
luteness of the CI j desdale and the stj le of
the Cle eland Hay, we hae created a
horse which in his perfection combines all
these qualities and is one of the mo-jt use
ful animals m the world. It lslortunato
that from any combination of the breeds
known among us a hoise can bo obtained
which will tuiswci the purpose which the
American farmer has in iew. It is not
uniformity in sio which we lctjuhu, but
unifoimity in character; and this can bo
secured bv subjecting the animal to uni
form influences for many generations. A
description of a useful farm horse will
show this to be tuie, so far as his shape
and size aie concerned and a considera
tion of the charaeteiistics I luneiefeiicd
towill show thecoriectnessof thisiew so
far as concerns the moral qualities. A
good farm horse should be well-balanced,
strong and sagacious. His head should
be mild, clean, long, expresshe. His ear
should bo of medium &iso; his ce full,
clear and gentle. Hi-, neck should be
well arched, muscular and of medium
length. His shoulder should be strong
and solid at the base ; of good w idth from
the elbow to the point of the shoulder,
sloping modeiately and stiong at the top
with withus not too shaip. His back
should be straight, fnm, hahy, having
whatViigil calls a "double spine," and
joined to the rump by an een mass of
muscle. His hips should Lie compact
rather than raw or prominent ; his stiilo
well-rounded; his lump handsomely de
veloped ; his tail aiehed slightly horn the
attachment to the body. His legs should
be straight, well-eoidul, with stiong joints
and wido below the knees and hocks.
Tho pasterns should be somewhat shoit
but elastic. His foot should be round,
open at the heel, dark-colored, with an
elastic f rojr, and with a fine-grained, tough,
homv stiuetuie. His barrel should be
round, his che-t deep. His wind should
be strong and his digestion peifect. Xow,
a horse of this description may hoof any
size from 000 pounds to 1,500; of any
height fiom lo to 1(H hands; of any
color, although bays, browns, son els and
grajsaie tho best, and ho will be capable
of great endurance on tho load or at the
plow. He should be selected with lefei
ence to tho woik ho is to peiform and tho
locality in w Inch ho is to li e.
Foi "heavy work on drays, or for hard
toil on leel lands, a laige-sized hoise may
bo useful. Hut in hilly countries, and in
sections where quicker motion and moio
dexterity are needed, the smaller horse
will answci a better purpoc. Stiength is
not alwajs governed by sie altho gh
there are eiicum-tances in which tho dead
weight which a horse throws into the col
lar is more important than liU nenous
force. For ordinary farm work a ery
heavy horse is not desirable, especially
when we consider tho arietyof -enice
he has to perform. And w o may congrat
ulate oursehes that tho enormous horses
brought to this country hae a tendency
to become reduced in size, as they are bred
here, and to become more active as tho
reduction goes on.
The characteristics or tho moral qtiali
ities of the American farm horse are to be
found in all the breeds of which he is
made up. It is nw.e-a.iry that ho should
be fearless, patient, intelligent, docile and
courageous in his work. Ho combines
the best qualities of his varied ilneestry,
all preserved and developed by the work
which ho performs and the influences by
which he is surrounded. As the Arab has
become keen, iiiiriud, untiring, dashing,
domestic by long association with the
Bedouin of tho desert, so the farm lior-e
has liceome teachable, steady tractable,
patient bv long association with tho-u
whose long summer days are sjient in the
field at the plow, or the horse-rako or ted
der But he lias another side to liis char
acter without which ho would" not eaiifv
the active and busy society to which he
belongs. He u strong, enduring, active
on tli'o road , and from long-continued
exerci-o in this way he has In-come the
embodiment of activity and vigor :u a
dmine horse. He, as well a his sire and
dam and graudsire and grandam, and so
on for generations back, has served for la
borer and roadster until he has become an
invaluable ally to man in his labor on tho
farm and in his business on the road.
If I am told that a large proportion of
these horses are dull and sluggish I can
only say, man has made them so. So long
as we will insist on breeding to a stallion
which has no spirit and no intelligence,
simply because he is found in the neigh
borhood, we must expect to be tormented
with an indifferent class of faun horses.
But when we remember that a blight, and
active, and intelligent stallion can bo
found whcicvor horse-biceding is a busi
ness, we may assure ouiselves that there is
no necessity for surrounding ourselves
withdull and inefficient brutes. The same
may be said of the marcs used for breed
ing and work.
That unusual intelligence and aptitude
for domestic service have been developed
from this class of horses is manifested by
the facts that fiom them have sprung the
best of our roadsters and trotters. The
serv ieeable farm horses hav c lieen the Mor
gans and Messengers and Morrills and
Clasand Batchens and Hambletonians,
and the serviceable family horses canjing
us to chinch, to the business resort", and
on our pleasiuo exclusions .ve these same
Morgans, Messengers, Monills, Clajs,
Fatcliens and Hainbletonian horsesof
gicat endurance, patience, activity and in
herited docility. We woulddowell.thcie
foie, to preserve the varied qualities for
which these bleeds are famous. And if
wo biicd gooddiivois while webieed good
farm horses, we shall have gained so much
for ourselves and a driving American com
munity. To accomplish this, good breeding and
good caro are both necessary. A neglect
ed colt matures slowly and seldom forms
that attachment to man which develops
his good qualities as he comes to his w ork.
While we breed, therefore, with care, wo
should feed and treat with care and kind
ness also, if we would secure those char
acteristics, vv hich make the American faim
horse valuable. Hon. Geo. 11. Luring, U.
S. Com. of Agriculture.
Breaking Heifers.
Mr. S. Leonard, of Wood Co, Ohio,
writes on "Bieaking Heifers." There is
no subject fraught w ith more interest than
this, and yet it is strange that it is so little
undcistood. Who has not been at one of
these bicakings? Ohio is said to be fifty
veais ahead of Kentucky, but I am sui
piised to find it lecominend the "tving
up " piocess to begin with. His next ad
v ice is " be kind to her." That's all right,
but just how he makes the cow consider
that first performance as kind tieatment
will be news to me when I find it out.
Having had a little experience in that
line nij self, I give my plan. I don't re
solve that "she has a calf and must be
milked," but I icsolve to let the calf do
the fust milking. Fear is the incentive
that caused me to adopt this lesolution
several j eais ago, but I find it haswoiked
admiiably in every case. I know of no
vvoul in the English language that better
defines the first part I take in tho bieak
ing piocess than tho word "saunter." I
Usually saunter mound and make no at
tempt to milk, only when the calf is suck
ing, and univei sally on the side the calf is
on, with the calf next to the cow. After
the calf is two or tlnoe days old I sepa
rate them, and when I turn tho cow in
I again proceed to milk while tho calf is
getting its fill; by this time, however, I
take the opposito side fiom the calf. Then
after seveial davs the calf will bo some
what in tho way, then I toll him oil' and
the cow will lick the calf as long as any
one wants to milk ; and just after I milk
then I feed never bcfoie. Cows treated
in this way will, after a while, consider
that milking is a pic-icquNitu to being
fed, insomuch that they will set the hind
foot back on the near appioach of tho
milk-man or milk-maid. While on this
subject I will state th.it I find it xxr
economy to feed hogs on tho first milk
from a cow that has a .voung calf. I
have just lot one of my best sows fiom
this, and tholiist mauto whom I commu
nicated that news queried thus: "Didnt
von know that would kill hogs when
strichnine and arsenic wouldn't.'" Ire-
plied if I had I certainly would not have
given it to my hogs. I mention this
merely as a warning to others, who niuy
not have heaid that tho fir-t milk from a
cow with a young calf is deadly poison to
hogs, if this ho a fact it ought to bj gen
erally known. An analysis by some
chemist might givo some light on this
subject. Farming World.
A Reminiscence of Blacksmlthlng,
A correspondent of tho Blacksmith and
Wheelwright communicates, to that jour
nal tho following remini-tenco of black
smithing in " jo olden time : "
Forty v ears ago Northern 1'ennsv lvania
was almost a wilderness My ance-tors
squatted on land fiom three to five miles
apart from each other, and my father was
for somo time twenty miles aw ay from any
blackmith Tho t col were of a primi
tive kind. Tho bellows was made nearly
square, and had a square 1y on top to
hold wind, as they turned it. The dril
ling nuchino was a post-hole in tho shop
and a twelve-foot lover, with one or two of
lis boys on the other end, while my father,
sitting down, did the drilling with a large
iron bit and brace.
I havo often seen him drill for two
hours to do a job that can now le done
by one of the new drill prces in fifteen
minutes.
When ho put on wagon tires he cut the
tires in two pieces and then bent them
with sledge hammers on u block made for
that purjw-e. After being lnt the two
tires were riveted together and welded.
To make tho tire the right size, it was
laid on the wheel mid the rim of the wheel
was scratched with a "scratch awl." Ith cU
were put through the fclloesat every joint
She screw -pUto used then was a piece of
steel tha-e-eighthe thick and one and one
half inches wide, with three holes in it.
The liolts had to be made to fit the plate.
The first tap Used by my father was made
with a three square file. In those days
bar iron was used for evcrj thing. The
usual sizes sold by merchants were two
inches by one-half, three-fourths or one
inch. Horseshoes, small bolts, etc., were
forged from this iron.
From September till March, wo made
shoes and nails until nine o'clock 1. M.
Now the smith can get shoes, nails, in
short, everything, le.uly made; but forty
years ago, it was veiy different. If my
father weie to see the tools I use now, he
would nsk me what they were for.
Talk to Your Horses
A writer for the Bleeder's Gazette le
lates the following: A pleasant word to
ahorse in time of trouble has pievented
many a disaster where the hoise has
learned that pleasant words mean a guai
anty that danger fiom punishment is not
imminent. One morning a big muscular
gioom s.iid to his cmplov er : "I can't ex
ercise that horse anymoie; he will bolt
and mil at am thing he sees." The
owner, a small man, and ill at the time,
asked that the horse be hooked up. Step
ping into the skeleton, he diove a couple
of miles, and then asked the groom to
station along the road such objects as the
horse was afiaid of. This was done, and
tho horse was driven by them quietly
back and foith, with loose lines slapping
on his luck. The whole secret was in a
voice that inspiied confidence. The man
had been frightened at everything he saw
that ho supposed the horse would fear.
Tho fear went to the horse like an electric
message. Then came a punishing pull
on tho lines with jerking the whip. Talk
to your hoi so as vou would to your sweet
heart. Do not feai but what he undei
stands and appieciatcs loving tones, if not
the w oids; while it is by no means certain
that tho sensitive intelligence of many
a hoise does not compichend the latter.
A Thick Straw Bed for Breeding Sows.
Thick straw for bedding bleeding sows
is, it is contended by those using it, supe
rior to any other material for both mother
and pigs. Tho uncut straw should be
spread into a bed of at least one foot
thick; two feet would bo much better
and safer, particul.uly in cold weather,
when the pigs could nestle in it and keep
warm. With such a bed tho young could
bo farrowed pietty safely early in March,
instead of waiting until April or May.
This would be a considerable advantage,
as they could be made heavy poikers
earlier in the autumn, and bring a higher
figuie at that time than later in the
season, as voting fiesh pork is then much
sought for.
Somo believe that pigs just fairowed
would bo easily smotheied in a deep bed
of straw, but the stiaw is so poious that
the air freely circulates and furnishes
what is lcquncd for healthy breathing,
while it acts as a soft cushion both ovei
and under the voung ones, and thus pie
vents the sow, when she lies down, from
pressing them to death. This bed also
elevates her dugs on the lower side, which
often lie so close to a naked floor that
the young ones cannot get hold of them ;
andtluis both dam and offspring suffei
tho foinier from not having nor milk sea
sonably withdraw n, and thoL"."c' for the
want of necessary nourishment.
Another method of preventing'., sow
fiom oveilying her young is to c'ik'
joists four to si v inches thick all rczal
the pen, about si inches high fiom tho
floor, shaving otT about one inch of tho
lower comer, so as to prevent cutting
against the tow. If tho voung ones aie
just behind her when she lies down, they
can mil under this piojeeting joist, and
thus save themselves fiom being crushed.
A half-round stick would answer thosame
ends as the joist. Hemlock for either
should not bo used, as that wood abounds
in slivers American Agriculturist.
Simple Facts about Bricks,
Tho Carpenter's and Builder's Journal
gives the following facts:
An avcrago day's work for a biicklaver
is l.iJOObricksonoutsidoaiHl inside walls;
on facings and angles and finishing aiouud
wood or stone w oik, not more than half of
this number can bo laid. To find tho
number of bricks m a wall, first find the
number of square feet of suiface, and then
multiply by 7 for a i inch wall, by 11 for
an a inch wall, by 21 for a I'l inch wall
and 28 for a 10 inch wall.
For staining bricks red, melt one ounce
of gluo in one gallon of water; add a
piece of alum tho sie of an egg, then
one-half pound of Venetian red, and one
pound of Spanish brown. Try tho color
on the bricks Itcforc using, and change
light or dark with the red or brown, using
a yellow mineial for bull. For coloring
black, heat u'pliiiltum ton fluid state, and
moderately heat true surface bricks and
dip them, Or make a hot mixture of
linseed oil anda-phalt; heat the bricks
and dip them Tar and asphalt aio alo
used for tho Mmo puriw-e It is imiort
ant that tho bricks be sufficiently hot, and
be held in the mixture toab-orb tho color
to tho depth of ne-sixteenth of an inch
Ducks can bo raised with profit, if kept
under favorable conditions An Digh-h
fanner raises aunuallv alout 1,200 for the
Loudon market. Many of tlum are
hatched in winter and kept undercover
till the approach of warm weather.
In tho usual maimer of preparing cut
tings greater ucce.s follows when the
cuttings are taken oil immediately on the
fall of the leaf Ix'foro freezing, when th -y
should then 1 picked away in inovi or
soil until time for planting in the spring
Tho United States Veterinary Journal,
Chicago, recommends the following us a
remedy for heaves i'owdercd rosjn, two
ounces; tartar emetic, twoounces, Span
ish brown, two ounces, and Ca.vuino pej
jkt, two ounces Mix, and give two tia
spoonfuls twice adav in soft feed.
In some pans of the West the larjro
oat crop and deficiency in coin will cmie
the substitution of oats for corn as feed
for hogs. A bushel of corn weighs nearly
twice as much as one cf oats. If ground
together the mixture makes a better feed
for growing pigs and breeding sows
than either grain alone. i
A corecsiKindent of the Breeders' Ga-
zettcis of the opinion that fattening hogs
in large nunilieis under one management
is not attended alwavs with success, as
they do not eem to thrive when many'
aie fed and kept together, llie same care
cannot possibly be given them as is done
with only a few, as cleanliness is indispen
sable to the health of the animals.
A Pnntlii& li 10 lm.it. in,ln . tfl. rMiw.n.r,.
.. .v...v. .....- m.,... ,,,,... ,... vi.t.it.v .
unties to kill 10,000 sheep in Montana
during November. The carcasses are to ,
be hung up until Januaiv or February,
and then shipped to the Xevv York mar
ket. lhe altitude of this Territory is
about 7,000 feet above sea level, air pure
and dry. This experiment has been suc
cessfully tried on a small scale, and will
lead to large shipments.
Kegaiding aitificial incubators it may
be safely stated that there aie several
kinds that woik well, but only in the
hands of caieful, attentive persons. A
beginner should try one of small capacity,
for an occasional loss of a Lugo nunibei
of eggs amounts to a sum sufficient to de
stroy the profits. The care of the voung
chicks is of more importance than the
incubation of the eggs.
"The effect of a strong ray of light fal
ling on milk," says the Dairyman, "is to
develop the fermentivo organisms that
lead to the decomposition of the liquid.
They aie of a vegetable chaiaeter, and
need light as well as warmth to enable
them to thoroughly do their work. It is
best therefore to keep milk in tno shaue,
not necessaiilyin adaik room, but away
from the light of a window.
Of all roots, except potatoes, beets are
most sensitive to frost. Cairots being
mostly deep in the ground will stand con
sideiable freezing without much injtny,
provided they aie left to thaw to the
ground, l'.usnip and vegetable oyster
plants are better for lieingout all winter;
and of pal snips especially only enough
should be put 111 the cellar for uso when
thoseoutside doors cannot be gotten at.
Not enough difference is mado in tho
price of chickens well oi poorly fed. To
many poisons one chicken is just as good
as another; but to one who appieciatcs
differences in flavor there will be as wido
a range as between different fruits. Tho
difference is partly in (he bleed, but much
also depends on feeding. Fowls left fo
get their own living cat many things
when hungry that a well fed fowl would
not touch American Cultivator.
An English agriculturist announces as
tho result of caieful experiment and ob
servation, the conclusion that where corn
is drilled from east to west the vield is
much largei than when drilled fiom noith
to south, as in the former case tho sun
can slime down me rows, wneieas in me
lattei case each row makes a kind of wall
which shades tho next row. There is so
much common sense in this that many
will wonder why they did not think of it
before.
A farmer nameil Chirles Greta, anil living
iiwir Woronoco Lake, in Wauki sin county,
h is a very line calf which lias been fed ex
clusively upon oatmeal and water. A soon
as the calf not accustomed to its feed u single
handlul ot tno moil was put into a pail, ami
theu boiling water (enough to cover it nicily)
was poured in, and in ten or fifteen minutes
the ailmixtuie assumed a clutiunux form,
when the pail was tilled half full of wattr
ami then fid twite a day to the calf.
Thero are many farmers who havo extra
Kooil butter cows and ilo not know it. They
havo poor pastures in suinmi r aud no shelter
and liulitfcri'iit feed in winter. In tho house
they have no convenience for making butter;
the milk is Bet where there aro no arrange
ments for keeping it cool in summer, ami in
tno ll leg room, exposed to tho odors of the
kitchen, in winter; aud neither the (juan.
tity norquility or any index of what a tow
ijn do is kept.
(OIINHIIIllllOll 4UH4I.
An old physician, retired from practice,
having had placed m his 1 ands by an Kast 111
lu missionary the formula of a simple vegeta
ble remedy for the speedy aud permanent
curs for Consumption, lliuuchitis, Catarrh,
Asthma and all Throat anil Lung affections,
also a positive and radical euro for Ncrvoua
Debility and all Nervous Complaints, after
having tested its wonderful curative powers
in thousands of cases, has felt it his duty to
make it known to his suffering felfnws.
Actuated by this motive and a desire to relieve
sulKring. I will send free of charge to all who
desire it, this recipe, in German, French or
Knglish, with full directions lor prepanngand
using. Sent by mail by addressing with
htauip, naming this paper, V. A. Noves, H
Power's lllotk,
ItUUIl III! ItllL."
Clean out rats, mict, roAclie, nies, anti, nel bugs
akunk, chipmunk, gophers, lie. l)ruxi;Lt.
TANGENT NURSERY.
II. W. Scttlcmirv, Proprietor.
riturlrd lMt.30 Irani u urrrjiuu.
ALU SORTS OF
l-'Ulll, OUAJl.NTlL and HIIAUi:
Trees, Vines and Shrubbery.
J"enJ to Tangent, Oregon, for ric lUt and dei
criflive lAUlojfUt, dtUitf
USE iiOSE PILLS.
C. xNT. POTTEh,
NURSERYMAN,
rSALKM, OK.
Fruit, Shade and Ornamental
Trees, Shrubbery, Vines
Etc.
T&Hai an especially fine lot of'
PLUM and PRUNE TREES,
or TUB
VERY BEST VARIETY.
Address C. N. I'OTTKK,
Norl2ti faaltm, Oregon.
JuKHjft Er iliFff
diRfJ&Hiiii
BKijH98HHHHHMHlinw9Ki
JBendfor MN
Catalogue HLla
and
Prloea. Krl
ATLAS
gzzjKyKg
INDIANAPOLIS, IND9 U. A.
mmj&xmssmmm
tiiNrrvurrtntinui or
STEAM
m
OlRRY ENGINES and BOILERS IN STOCKfor IMMEDIATE DEUVESY'-
mm&, --3tufaiHntt
Uft ftOO
P'fVfVW
SHIS OETBB GOOD TILL
The rrorrletors of the ruin, 1 iki.i Ain I mi
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it I not Rlrt luly known, h f determliiwl to throw or ill imiilt tliM
their cnpttM for the ioU purpose of mere ihIiu llielr ctre iHt hnti I C
euuulvtly adtertlHOtbAU ever bifore, llie followlut: pun ho-s Let.n a,
FOB 50 OiEESrJr.S
We will enter your nmno on our ubcrlptlonbooli ami mull the FARM, FIELD AND FIRC8ipE reiro
larly to you for ! Month an t linmnllati ly eeml a prints .1 n,ni.rrd n. rrlil,irt iili wtllcnUUe the hold,
erloonoof thefoUol. rnitslalg"leawtjratour SEPTEMBER FESTIVAL.
Partial Last of Presents to Be Gbvsm iway.
6 U. 8 Oovernmont Hon 1 of ?1K
10 U H Oiuentmckaof W
10 U S (liinback oflUK)
1 MatcluHtpuirof TroUinnHorBpa ,
1 OraiutHpiirel 1 ino
1 (l rand Cabinet Oitran
1 Tlm-o nmtHoOVnwiy
1 Mlwr Dinnoi ls.niC0
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iioNui-tti.r.,Uili'-ii iliUtJkrttluuStUVih ltwill not bom 11101; lui jMuMtrlbent to
.m.mw;lrjer.ni . . ,' i;,:,Vul,;,V liluLH ri lion ndtel,ennnd,re,lr,rlp...
.". '" :.7 ..... ..... s. .T.i. .... uAJ..!l limit 11 miii ntiKiruf new nub LIU I Kill) tolOC.flOO.
. 1. . 1. , n., ,u.i..ln.di
:'"L"..C. "'r,.1' ,'1'. '".V ' ,X' 'o V, i'rl
than Stptenilnr 1st.
THE FARM, FIELD AMD IrBlfSESEDE
larnoofttiitoldcttanilaMiiit.illtiil KflOitlr an 1 Mrrini'M ml nn 11 : rontalns '' UrfT "
!r!t AiidnowhwaiirLulfttionof 43.000
COPicS, "ttuiiiBtorlo,&tttch,Pootry,far
cultt
cultural Dopartmonta by tho beet Contributors of tho day, '-
F-tshlon Oeportmont, Hoeclle ond Embroidery .Work. lllu.tiail.
Faehl
ofthol
oiiiieK, -" --- -"- - .?:.: -
TH? POPR ETOmari!enofinu,n.l.oalniiili. i.mm
TO THOSE WHO DQNUT mt 1 bu 1
,n 1 aim iTn '. ""-:'' -i V.
rRJ1 V Kfl nFWTS Mi vnni h.
LY Oil QJMLl I O Mx Month, andHnuuibLn-dmiii.t uiopupoi im woiuu imuuw uo
Jd 1 j iW V n nioneT n,pr or I vn wi and nl,iiTiUo tno ..
rod "Iter, luinoner,, ,"i u, 1 rincolnr act Dnndnhh St.. ChlrlETl.
luntrnpuon pnw.
nonrjni
Rcebtterod
nEATJ TECiaejir:
..1 hi,. ... ,u n.- ..iiiruuntr.fiin ilo
I :Iy,.15o5c,e::V:.r3k".1'",PP '
"I thlnu the, p.p.r worth tea tlmlUe
i,Ir.n-rcl your pnpep nnil not sowrll
..Tl.nk.ror beln .o prompt. Every
rT.'X .', 11. - . nnnrr worth th
" ne "i''A'J'r.V'.i'SFt'.itiTrir" O?
inm "'"'r.-....u.niiiTMRl!ttilMllAKTflTnl!A1iaviLH
tr WE CUUjiim' ' " m....
SIOOO REWARD.
to, ftaj Divbin. uuiiini ..i. nritninK ,,. v.
I'amrinlrl mtliri ir.
NEWARK MACHINE CO,
IIJ.ivnt(wtiitS
MiWAttbi J,
FRAZER
AXLE GREASE.
IIIMT III Hi Worlil. ! III l.inilni
Ktcri imihax lm ur lnil-iiiiirli mid 1
iiiarhril I rairr'n. Hnlil l.iu '. uii
RUSSELL 6lCO:S
PORTABLE SAW MILLS,
FARM "o SAW MILL ENGINES,
THRESHING MACHINES, ETC.
lirrulum anil l'rl .l.ixK Hrnl Inr,
SEL & CO., Portland. Or.
t-U HUbilU ilaiuu'ir lrJm
J M IIALSlMi's
mil r(n'ulitinjf
v ( ii 1 1 on.
KroniJ0u,
Kitd for ilc..ri,
tlvu j,rUu list tic
u
HOPKINS' ACADEMY.
Otkl.AMI, I I AI..
Rev. H. E. Jewett, Prnicipal.
Nest Una Uflm Tu.lay, Auut 7, ISiJ Ai I
cation for rojiu. .liould 1 uiaito iarl hia.l foi
( alaloauo. , tunlmJ
PURCHASIWG AGENCY.
Jlr. . W.III.MIlf Miuiiisirr.
rllli: I,AI IKS Or'TIIK HAV UtANCISCO ITH.
1 ihitj; It Ji u solicit orJcrs ('niiro cr vmal ) to
,urcliaf.e (f'oJri of every description bja.cUI iunllll
cullon for .electing
SILnKAl. I.Sbl'ilUJIKNW,
I L ll.M IU KB, Jhtt fcl.lty, I.TU ,
UKKhSMAhl-NO 4 INI A.VTH CI.OTIIIMJ,
A H-.iltv KUUMu un.l expcllelicul Imllu. urnlcr
ho liiauellillit tlia ban rraiiclsio lunliull.'
bureau ha ,rwnrul Uurln,' to,ir will prompt)
I ply to le-Utr cf Inijulr) a to .tyln, ,rli i, etc
irfa receipt of tatnp fcample furiil. cil beltil lor
Jreutar Ail re, kiiii I iitiirl.rii I'urrlia.liiu
liurrau. I II l'ul nlrrel, mm I ruiirl.i u, I al.
tKII'.H A I, luncrolt & Co , OCoulior, ilof
fat SlUo , .S J (x,l 4i Co , all of bau lr.ucl.co.
ASTHMA & HAY FEVER
THEIR CAUSE & CURE.
KNIOIirH fEW THKATMP. en r.
kiimi LA. KNIGHT, li E.Thlrd St, CINCINNATI, 0.
-. Double
ffl J lluller. It
ranuniKivwo'twi v . .fA a-BBr n 1
imm - iiV 1 cto nmmkm iuu
I Uln5SHXiMMmn. ONE
ti '-" tizfvtl f fi ihorouKnin
T iTTl r.
4!LmlgffaF
I. F. POWERS,
HAxurActuaia, imtoribr and jobbir or
FURNITURE,
ICcthliut!, Carpets, Paper Uaug
ing, Stoves, aud
Crockery and Glassware
Steam Factor Water Street, bctweea) Moutgomerv
and Harrison.
Streets Warchou.e 1:M and 183 First am
184 Second Streets
-llltll,VMt, OKKUO .
sep9 If
i&fmESIKmm
ENGINES
BOILERS,
IN PRESENTS!
ca-i7-upo- AWAY
SEPTEMBER, 1883, ONLY.
NlnE.belns desirous nf hfrlna their lredr well.
uv 1 i. It rlruiUto.1 ami .Intro Im-oS Into hounet here
M'ir.umi In ail llttoti uwa lortlun of
00000 eopU After deudltig to more
liiiii vjr u
looo 1'ocket FiKerFniltKnhes lOoooo
lnoOOtllt' 1'iH.ket kuiVf . 10K) 00
1000 IT. n, areenl'fu k 'f 31 cnc'i . low 0
10 Gents O..M WaulKK, . i M.h llcnomrnt (too 00
10 Indies' UoklWftUVi, i ll nitm-m't Wl 00
0 Pl Silver Willi lift, AM -leuil tttuu't 00 00
Hi lilulrp lH.nioiul lingu l,lii4 40001
S 1 .Uiitlli.rvPNU'r ., IOjOOO
1 v rnianly Work Hort hoO 00
W0 I mimtO M)Kl(llM, ilutii 5SWO0
ft Kiwhilkl ailor Soil riuiiitiim .... 1000 00
lift) l.ol IHnirrr Ulnj-t, L.1-.1 ' I r ftt l'itia,
iKiiU'Siiut llUb,LH.kil, lailjiuidCIiuwu
00, which make; ft crnnd PrJ ' ,?-.2'lC!0J'Cft?.,,,,lMr
,n 1 fi,i tni. trniitiln
micli aiin ..o 'Hi, .III the) 'be uaWCd-wia
w 0.1 an Illustrated
na of different parta
trinu, Icihott.lt
n,,.A.Ui.ni..f.iitf.
Oirr npTW, And our paper Is Ion,;
Iih i tt 1 1 aiiv utler wo iuht make
..,w rofiii 1 .. will .ii( m iuliitn.1 1 fat cil tlia
hr .". -", UlJiifc SaniDle Copiw Free.
undHnuuibLn - amiipt UifliMtiui Im woitu double tho
XiUTTXIXlS :
It nlthii coihI rre for I llilnk It worth
" .rfHfi-ll,llll.er.a, Intl.
rfitffflSSgT,..
:ood 'fircfor I Iklnk It worthy,
ple.Me)d with It that I Inelo.e, more Tor
on ronsldrr. I the ijfne-rlh. bjst of thrklod
wbiilr nrlc of Tr' liah.erlptlon. I
B. MH.i.INOTOI,orth Jtnnlnctoo. Tt.
.. - ------- -j
fes-.., '"Sr, ,
IHLUBAIUM!
l'atinlotl Jin :!0, 1SS1
taT II n 11 11 rail 11 nil In 4
Hll'. til) hpi'lllll Mlu"
1liuiur.it Inn il fiiOrtler,
For tmrtloulurd liii1 Htunip for
llliutriito 1 itriiil'ir to
i:o it. li ti i.i:v.
up I 111)11 H. I UIIU -i ,i vm
h (Jhoier INuiltry,
v3 t11" rnrlCHlO, f'al
Jlox 1771 tnyu a
Moit.rs iti:nt:iY
POISONOAK,,,,-KlJ?to
-tin: om,
PREVENTATIVE
AtiiUirtulti turo hohll nil ilnilt8
ilvtt : 'Jfi vents a JIox.
UKI.IM;r A CO., C.Lm.KAL .tl.l'NTM,
HAN I'ltANCISCO. GAL lapOm
UAltKlhON'Mi:iVIMl MACHIM-: STOKE
o Jllll, ll. ll.lUCIo, 35
IllllllllX
sUVJjasaaiii'Hrl
fkiT - Vt.
20AsJi .l
' Allttl l.rilllK l lehlne. Illla.
'' Nrrlllrk, AHiiiImii, ilia mil U-
III 1'uila f il hill,
g fl Ouiirul Aire lit for llie
5 g Household anil Wli to
SEWING MACHINES.
C Kettlutf Mitfshttifit ICiHli'd una
w Witriitulrd.
c- 3 atnenil A unit for the
j; TUUKIhll KUfl rAITKUNh.
? 6 aeueral Afi nt for the
" UnlTerxl K.."lil',J (' '. rerfect
' Filling 1'iillein..
"p r1eiMl for t-ataloi(iie.-
m ' 111 - i r
u Kiii'imrruu.
(iAICI.IS0.'8HKVIN( MACHINE 8I(
rat.voTii:0,
auaNor.d.'llO.J.y
rivi
IiIochI
F8K Iltl.Th ( I IIK IMNKHM TlfAT MKUI
elne au'irravatu. anil inakeaubr'e It fill tin,
with hleetrleity ll wmir fctreiutlaii llie en
tlrq lioily lliinilr u of tin) hailint; phy.li Ian are
utlnitaiil recomiiiciullni; inemj neii ii you nave
trouble or a lililf, nli) not u.v I.ilo lUnadle, tftl fat
aii'l onjoy life 7
a i.n iiii.uui. iHitii.t n:noiM.
! A I N .
It irapptel with ilirttiue, ttlid ov reome It I' trait
orniiiar eieitrlcitv liiUi llio wiaknail lite fore and
llim n-.torliiK lnultli ami vl-or I K t. K AH 1(1..
ITI.erl,y writufur irctiiart AiMrea.
Ili.lrli Hi II i uiiiiun,
apr.?oui3 It x v,j rortiaiul, import
AROMETERS;
ArwiM , (vmtf-af.
u CkM., t-l'tt IA
i
Maiiufaijlirll. l)ltU1ao. rhllonr lil.lii, I a.
I -bcil lot tlloaWielr J 1'rlced tVlloM'
ilWJMViVX
iUT- '
IsfnMsT Wi w sTiwisM. j mm ttimmtmmm