Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887, June 29, 1883, Page 4, Image 4

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issued every Wee by ths
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Tliblicatlon Office: No. 6 Washington Street. Up
lain, rooms No. 6 and ft
Notice to Subscribers.
Orricr. or Wlimimtts Farm, )
February 28, 1881 J
To oca ItrADrRs :
We publish only a sufficient number of the Farm
tO supply actual prepaid subscriber and we cannot sup
ply back numbers.
If It Is desired by subscribers ti sccuro all Issues they
ust arrange to send In their rmcwals In ample time
to reach tnls office before expiration.
tTMl subscribers can till by the printed tagonTMl
jVthelr paper exactly when their time will expireMl
Another Important point: ALT. COMMUNICATIONS
Drawer IS, Portland, Oregon.
incorrectly, as mesquite grans. Whether tickets. The county owes it to itself to
this was a general result wc cannot say, be independent, in a measure, of partisan
but so far as wc know and can learn this ' feeling in faor of good government.
grass was almost entirely killed by the late
winter. There probably arc exceptions,
and if so wc should like to leant what the
circumstances were that favored it. As
last winter was a sevee test of all grasses
we should like to licar from our friends
through the country what grasses did not
stand the winter, and facts in general as to
pasture and meadow grassc. Many w ill
be sow ing grass seed next fall, and all facts,
that arc icliable, will lie of value to farm
ers through the whole country.
From this time on the growth of Oiegon
towns will le a threat against good gov
ernment. From this time on wc shall see
vicious politics prevail where population
gathers thickly and there is room for ico
to cluster and for political bummers to
pander to it.
The Farmer has no politics, but will
never hcitate to advocate principle and
denounce encroaching monopoly. We
Mr. 1'hilip Uit7, of Walla Walla, gi(
a very unhappy statement of crop pro
pectsto the public thiough the Oiegoniai
which is not endorsed by good judge
there ni d here. The continued di
weather is unfortunate and will injui
crop prcpeets to some extent, but tb
general repoit from the upper country i
that fall sown wheat will, almost invar
ably bring a fair jield, and much of th
spring sown grain promises well. It i
pietty certain that et of the Cn'-caiU
It is said that "all signs fail in dry
weather." Tho wind has been in the
jouth much of tho time for n week past,
but tho cloudb do not pour, though, from
tho earliest time it was supposed that the
lOUth wind meant rivn.
The editor of this journal has gone east
Of tho Cascades to make n journey Huong!1
All tho grain bearing districts of Eastern
Oregon and Washington, and our read
ers will hear from him on his travels, and
will miss him in tho commercial and
editorial columns.
THE Nez l'erce News says : "IJcfore the
Close of this year Oregon and Washing
ton Territory will have a quarter of a
million of inhabitants." That was exactly
What they had when the census was taken
In 1880. Our friend is on" with his reck
oning. They now have a third of n million
(t least.
The strawberry crop was a failiuo in
the vicinity of I'oitland, but the citizens
pf tho metropolis managed to have a fair
hare of that fruit. Kocbun; sent the
jlrst installment, then Walla Walla shipped
down supplies of them. Times haw
jnndo n famoui chango and the wholo
country can lx shortly drawn on to sup
ply tho wants of I'oitland, as railroads
will shortly bo operated in all directions.
The Weston Lender says Sir. N. H.
Clark has just sold KiO acres in Umatilla
county for 1(1,100, or if 40 an acre. Of
Course there woroimproxoinentson it, and
probably a crop, but wo ventuio to say
that huudieds of vacant location can bo
got within a day's rido of it that, under
Improvement, can, in a few years, bo sold
for a high price. It is singular to read of
Jand sales like this being continually
made in a legion that invites settlement
by possessing great area of vacant, land.
Circumstances change and what is the
means of success at one time may bo ciuihj
forfailure at another. Those w ho cultivat-1 .
cd in their grain when rcsow ing, after the
freeze, misled it, as wild oats came up suf
ficient to greatly injure the wheat jield.
Under similar conditions in 18.r0, that
plan answcied well, because then the
ground was not infested with wild oats.
However, such grain may be cut for hay
to good advantage. There is a prospect
that the hay crop will be light. During
the j ear pacd by hay has borne an ex
traordinary price and promises to be a
good pn'co the year to come. Those who
make hay of their foul grain fields may
do as well or better than if the sowed the
We have often alluded to the existence
of gold and silver, placer and quartz mines
east of the Cascades and we bear, of late,
that rich discoveries have been made in
the Colville country. Wc know that
quait. ledges bearing gold and silver exist
in many of the mountain spurs, over all
the country north of California. With
tho development of tho coitmry these
rich deposity will be prospected more
thoroughly and wc may look for gold and
silver mines to be worked extensively and
add to the prosperity of the whole coun
try. Jlines are successfully worked al
ready in various localities in the JIliio
mountains and in the spins of the Cas
cades in Yakima county, W. T., and we
ventuie to say that thero arc of trifling
importance compared to what the future
will develop.
arc not fanatical in preaching right, nor cr0jH wj be fair when sowed in the fal
are wc timid m saying what is proper to The lcson they continually learn thcie
correct vice. We stnnd with the people, j3 that fall sowing on summei-fallowc
ready to check unreasonable pretcn-ion iami( ;, imost certain to bring good ic
and fanatical prejudice, because e.xper-ltllrnsa, ec,tnin as in nny other countrv
ienccand study for half a century linve Another fact that wo observe i, that con
taught that true "iicccss comes from con- ,joes ft,j,iy wc)i e,,t of the mountain"
scrvativc method; but when principle is I nmj c believe it would pay to plant it
involved we shall never besitato to place JInoro generally than is now the case. I.
facts before the farmers the Northwc-t and ;s j)r0,ablc that west of the Cascade
help them to sustain themselves ngaintlcro,wj M,frer more than to the cast bi
all encroachments, of any kind, on their J cllUfc0 the full sowing hero was cntirch
rights and privileges.
winter killed. The exceptions are not
worth naming. Spring sowing, aftei
March, does not now promise well, though
, ., , a . .,. a good rain would do wondcis for late
jiiu (try vvi'imiur ui me current inuinii . , ,
, -iin i . rni gram and gardens. The common report
has prcv ailed all over the coast. lhecx-ih ,b . '
,. , , .i . i , from nraino Iaud of thisxallcv is, that
have vNited the I'alouse and Spokane re-
vvheat sowed in March is looking well,
gions, along the base of the Cour d'AIcncu,I,wm"- "- uouB.u i.u... ..
mnnntsin,. Tl,n fall uho.it. nf ll Mm i nm- Without ram, and that soon, all the
The Wasco Sun copies fioni the Rural
Spirit mi article about alfalfa that asserts :
"It is easily riii-cd and yields thieo
to five urns to tho aero and sometimes
niorc." The same papor goes on to give
till instructions for putting it in, etc.
Jfow wo ask Where in Oiegon doosnlfulfa
yield throe to five tons, and who says that
Jt "Is easily raised V" It is evident that
the tmixir in question has copied without
Credit tho article alluded to, fioni some
California journal. Its nseitumsand ad
vice are not suited to the latitude of Portland.
Wi: hear continually of minders, shoot
jng scrapes and suicides that aie taking
place in tint region. It used tolnui rarity
that crime manifested itself in its worst
phases, but with enterprio and progress
there has come a reckless class of people
who support dens of vice of all kinds and
Carry icvolveis. It U now common, al
most n daily event, to read of violent
deaths ixTiuriiig. Wo have pacd the
itago of early jears when vice was not
attracted hither and henceforth with have
to recognize that wo poskss the attribute,
good and bad, that perl n in to all countries
as they Kvouie uch and Hpulous.
Mr. .1. C. Fiixnkmn sends samples of
bald bailey giovvu by him in Umatilla
county. Ho ex-plains that it is especially
valuable to cut for hay "it possesses mora
nutriment than any other grain hay." So
far he as he has knowledge. Wo have
long known that barley makes excellent
hay and tho bald bailey has advantages
over the bearded varieties. This grain
looks well ; one peculiarity of it is that
sovcial heads grow from one. Raising
grain for hay is much practiced cast of
tho Cascades, and it is important to under
stand tho value of different ccicals for that
use. Ryo has been giown to somo extent,
but wheat has been commonly giown for
that purpose. We have heard barley hay
spoken of as excellent for producing milk.
We have even beard it asserted that barley
straw was good feed after threshing. Wo
should lo glad to have this matter ex
plained fully by those who are iKi-ded.
country cast of the Cascades promises a
fair yield as it wintered well and had a
irnrwl Ktnrf. uliiln the whole full snuinir
wentnf the CnscndM was killed l.v the nn- a,,ilit' bc ot excellent quality.
country will suffer and there will be short
age of hay, oats, and garden stutf. The
wheat that promises well will, in all piob-
Tho c.x-
usual winter. The dry season extends
to California, where the heat was so in
tense from tho Oth to 10th inst., that in
Alameda county county, across the bay
fioni San Fiancisco, the entire currant
nop, almost, was cooked on the bushes.
Where they expected to market $00,000
worth of currants they will not have
enough left to pay for picking. We hear
thiough the dispatches that the wheat
crop promises a gicat yield, but a gentle
man lately ictuined fiom there assures
us tb.it the cxcc-i-ive heat and continued
diouth had gieatly damaged thewhe.it
fields through the San Joaquin valley
where he traveled. However, in Califor
nia the season is inoio forward than with
port surplus may bo les than was antici
pated last spring, but there will be large
shipments from the Columbia river.
Ijems to be an exhaustive work, gotten
up with elaborate study and a summary
of all existing knowledge of the injects
known in North America. The author is
Win. Saunders, of Ontcrio, Canada, a
gentleman of scientific attainments in this
department of knowledge, as his numer
ous titles indicate. The book is illustrated
with 440 wood cuts of tho insects de
scribed. It discusses all fruits and the
injects that depredate on the tree and its
products and gives the lwst approved
methods for sulxluing or destroying these
pest. Our oichardists are feeling the
effiet of insect ravages in many wavs and
in the future will ufier more than in the
lust. The fruit interest will bo so import
ant in connection with agricultural pio
duction that those who dcp"iid on it
should be thoioughly informed as to the
various insects that exist, their habits and
the best approved means for overcoming
them. Mr. Saunders is a professional cn
tomontologist, but, not depending on his
own stores of information, has called to
his aid every reliable writer on these sub
jects. His valuable book is gotten up with
such simplicity and care that any subject
cm be immediately found. The hundreds
of illustrations afford means for identify
ing the insects we find here or those liable
to come. A glance at its pages shows us
the representation of tho same bark scales
we lately had sent to us for identification
and which prove to be the egg deposit of
the oyster-shell bark-louse, a very destruc
tive insect on apple and pear trees.
Paloust City.
Several of our contemporaries, who, wc
fear, have notsullicient depth and bicadth
to comprehend the advantages and just
ness of the plan we suggest, for taxing all
property wherever found and exempting
money and its rcpic-cutativc, seem to
think we side with "aristocracy" and
"monopoly," and arc influenced by wrong
motives in presenting such views. When
a man has no ability to aigue it is casv
and often it is convenient to question the
motives of the other side. We have often
us. The rains lasted theie sufficiently to presented our argument with unmistake
bring wheat fonvaid and it is po-ibIo able clearness, and never j et has any one
that they may harvest a fair crop, though who differed with us given the leat heed
Wk hear from a nuinlx'r of farmers,
through different parts of this valley, that
tho seed from California is doing U'ttcr
thnn tiny othei they sowod. Omo gentle
man informs us that, ju-t forcxiierimont,
he sowed on same day and same land
both kinds, tho wheat ho grow hero, him
aolf, and seed that he sent to California
lor, and tho last is far in advance of the
Other and thicker on tho ground. Ho
aays it has headed out sooner and is much
tailor and thicker. Wo hear mmitar re
ports nutdo fmm others. It looks as if
changing seod was a fortunate experiment
or our farmer
Onb effect of tho Kivero winter of 18S2
nd 1SS3 was the killing out of velvet
grass, that U commonly known, though
At tho lecent city election the liquor
influence piovailcd in tho majority of
winds. The influences that controlled
that election were such that threatened
tho integrity of our institutions and mock
the hopes of true ptogiess and right prin
ciple, loitland is growing every year
more and moie a metropolis and as well
tho homo of vice and dogrcdation. That
is too often the ease with lingo cities, and
the fault is too often with the people of
the better class who refuse to interest
themselves in politics or even in city gov
ernment. At tho recent election tvvos.i
lixm keopersweio elected to thocityooun-
oil. In one ward two hundred voters re
mained away from the polls and in the
other the free liquor crowd sooinod to have
it all their own way. In the city of Port
land men of repute and pwpei ty gener
ally refuse to belong to the city councilor
to bo elected to the legislatuie. They do
not want office and have not time for jh1
ities. This is all wrong. The jn-oplo's
representatives should Ksess tho best at
tributes and have a erniaiicnt intcrtst in
the country.
The State at large has in the future an
iniHrtant duty to discharge. Tho coun
tiy districts (Hissoss tho votes and have in
lluence sufficient to counteract the evils
that brood mi thickly in the towns. Wo do
not earo what party has power if tho lost
element in it can prevail. Tho fanners of
the United States are the luwi of all our
prosK'rity. They arc more interested it
good gov em men t than any. They payii
givat iiroiKirtioii of tho taxes and they wo
it to themselves to elect men tootliccwho
aro identified with their interests anfl can
lo relied upon to favor ooononvy and
careful legislation. To do this they must
make their influence felt in nominating
(mention ami hr an independent of lurtj
that professional politicians will learn that
wc sec good reason to doubt it. Ilit of
the Cascades fall sown giain was enough
advanced to insure a fair yield but timely
rains in Juno would have grown a plumper
berry and been worth a million dollars to
the spring sown grain. It is useless to
evade the fact that the wholo Pacific coast
north of Mexico is buffering fprwantof
rain. It will be especially unfortunate
for Western Oregon fanners, as they lost
their fall sowing and had to plow and sow
under difficulties in Maich. They aio
to our reasoning. They cry out: "Oh!
ho has gone over to the moneylenders,"
whereas wo show plainly that the Stub,
tho taxpersaud tho borrower will receive
decided benefits and so we believe.
It is easy to say that this or that would
add to the bunions of the State and of its
people, but our plan would greatly in
crease the State income and all taw
would be paid where property exists.
Another great advantage theie would
not be the inducements to defraud the
losing two ciops in one in some instances, icvcnuo that now exists, and is Income
and many cannot affoid tho loss. The the rulo lather than the exception. It
lesson comes homo to all parts of tho Pa- would lemove all prejudice on tho part of
cilie Northwest that farmers cannot affoid 'capital, and as a consequence foieign
to place all their dependence on one ciop. money would come hcic by millions and
Grass and stock laNing oiler tho surest bo loaned at from .r to 7 per cent, instead
remedy for haul times. Even at 18 to 20 of 0 to 10 per cent., as is now the case,
cents a pound for wool, sheep pay a fair Very soon borrowers could get loans at
profit and affordaquick return for money, much loweriatcs than now, where money
All sorts of stock raising iiossess great in- 'either pays the tax or its owner forswears
diicemcnts. Even txniltry can ho raicd himself to avoid it. We have tho cxperi
at great profit as thero is a certain de- encc of other countries to show that ad
maud for chickens and eggs at all time, verso legislation keeps money out of the
Daiiying brings good pay if judicioiis'y . state, mid that a liberal public policy
follow ed. The mere grow ing of w heat for
ex)ort is a suicidal sort of fanning, as
every ship load carries away tho lifo of
makes money abundant at low interest.
Since we have seeuml a growing mai
ket for meats of all kinds and for daily
consumed at home, what l'liwucts, those wlio may Ik; interested in
tho soil. The true policy, and the safe
M,u t.1 ti tiiilli,.n tid tuvirtt i,d tww.,,1.!.
.., it w j'.w..i ...j i...B, t.o froiiii! .
what can bo
will not impoverish the soil and can bo tho business of keeping stock should have
used with certainty in our own State. particular knowledge of the best food and
This is an important v car for valley fat-, oheaiost method, to pursue. We are in
mere, as the unit crop is light, there being , ,wo'lt of a volume that bears this title
scarcely one-fourth of a crop of am, thing. (Feeding Stock) that comes tons direct
Strawberries onlv lasted a few davs; eaily .fr0,n tl,f thor, Elliott W. Stewart, one
fruits and orchards .m in many cases en-, l,f tlu "H'01 ot "le National Live Stock
tirely barren. The out crop 'will be a, Journal, who has studied the subject, as
failuro in many instances ami hay will lo . Iu N,-Vs for thi,t.v -UMrs- In ,llis lK)ok
light. Ourvalley has, however, a long, -Mr- Stewart deals with facts and not with
and successful record of good harvests , theories, no oxivnmenteU m many ways
and successful seasons to offset against , to infor,u llinilf ''lko t profitable
this partial failuro and will go on and . ,0 fml sUvk nl1 his practical volume of
prosper in the future as in tho past. The ',0 lUKls contains the results of many
Mine is true of all tho coast where drouth, J'1'-1" ' his experience. He has corn-
prevails. Wo aro testing the truth of all lmuHl now mrtn.v "iclea furnished by
history, that thero is uncertainty every-' l'im ,0 'l'0 National Livo Stock Journal,
where. Even hero, where the boast has. Country Oentlenian, and Rural Xevv
always been that harvests never fail, thero Yorker, with a preface that gives pre
is liability that short crops w ill sometimes jliminary knowledge necessary to an un-
uersiniuuug oi me suujeci, ine hook is
sold and sent by mail by tho author, at
.00. His address is Lakevievv, Erie
unity, Xevv York. From what we can
judge by looking through the book wo
believe it will lie of good value to many
of our readers. The book is illustrated
with cuts of various characters that aro
valuable in explaining the subjects treated
is nary'sits-i.
X e
they cannot count on known majoritim f ''' nU ","1 ""
.... , I wo'iieu well
uulcist they will put good men on (hi ir' each.
Tbt Plonwrt will Accpt
Joseph Watt writta from Koret OroTe
Johu Muir, iurwrhitemlriit of tiallio relative
to an item that the pionetrt would probably
not accrrt ixcuraion rates (tfrtsl: ' A
chairman of the committee apt ointed at Pal. m
last ween lo eouler witft vou, lben leave to
Inform vou that no such cono'ution was
it ached. On the contrary. our liberal otln
uaa voted satisfactory, ami I waa urged to
coniulete arrauci mints with vou. The time
ami conditions wilt determiue how many
can mu.ter to join ui. Suv-iral I ..It era of in
uuirv complain of charcuw wires tlOO." lu
ausw.rtothe la.t question, Mr. Muir si).
fiat nil meuinert oi the pinner a tociat oi ,
1 as men, will be carried for $7.1
Wo have received from J. It. Lippiucott
A Co., Philadelphia, a work with the above
title, that should lo very valuable to all
10 wish information concerning insects
hat prey upon fruits of all v arieiies. This
The I'alouse City paper says that it is
gratifying to hear strangers speak in
flattering terms of our little town, as many
of them have done the past few weeks.
Last Monday, a travelling man came into
our ( Sice and requested us to give him some
hack numbers, containing descriptions of this
country. lie said: "I want to send tin m to
my bi other, as I am thinging of starting him
in business in I'alouse City. I like this to
tality better than any place I have seen, be
aut,e it h.is such natural advantages upon
which to depend for tupport. TI e ereat 'iouv
of agricultural hnds surrounding it, the ti'.e
water power tor mai utactunng purooses, ;inn
the endless forests of timlicr which on Iw
so easily floated down the river to this point,
and from here distributed over a great area of
country, must eventually make Palouse City
an important place of busiuePB."
No town in all the Palouse country can
h-jaat of more, or better land surrounding it
than Palouse City. Spokane F.ilis has a bet
ter w i.ter power thin ue have, hut she his
nothing con pared with our agr cultural re
sources, mither can she compete with us in
the manufacture of lumber. Our facilities in
thai p .rt c ilar branch of industry are un-
fiii ded in the Columbia Basin. Our town is
-in ill, not because there has been nothing here
1 1 support a town, but for the very rfiiso i
th 1 1M use City was first located on a ite
that forbid any advancement. Lastyeirth.t
i i overcome by moving upon a new site
which has no equal in the Palouse country,
he moving nf thi town at once put new life
into every bianch of industry, not only in
own but spread into the surrounding coun
try, until to-day, no town in the country has
brighter prospects than has the town uf Pa
louse City.
Myrtle Forests or Coos County.
The Coquille Herald fays concerning the
visit of Mr. Daniels, of Portland, to that re
gion: Mr Daniels seemed very much surprised at
our timber, and incidentally stated during
th" course nf conversation, that the Myrtle
timber of Coos county is far more valuable
ban the finest mahogany, and that it will, in
the near future, be an article of commerce
second to no other product of the country.
He seemed very much ast. nished that men
would w aste such timh r so n antonly. We
claim, and ' are ever clain ed that there is no
b auch of business, that will warrant the
wholesale destruction of so much 6ne, and
valuable timber as is being yearly cut down
ai d burned up in this county, and especially
in the villey of the Coquille.
It shou d be remembered by all that there
is not anoher county in th United States
that h'S as larie forests of myrtle timber or
such largo trees of that kind of timber, It
is a very close grained wood, and solid and
heavy almost as h. avy as black ebony, ami
"ill tike a very finetiobsh; some of the speci
mens we have seen rival for beauty of appear
ance of gr.cn, the finest curled maple, and
carrying a rich dark brown olor, equal to
th. far famed black walnut of the Mississip
pi valley, and surpassing the walnut instrenth
and durability when exp .sed to the action nf
wa er. It has been used for many years a
the shaft or stem upon which the rudder of
vessels are built, and haa proved to be the
bc-t timber tor that use that has yet been
found. Many of the vessels built in tlu
State and in California have used myrtle
s'ems for their rudders and it has given th
b st of ta isfaction in every instance where it
ha I een used. Timbers for this purpose
have been shipped from Coos bay, in the log,
to California, for several veara rmat. Now in
view of all these facta we would again urge
the vast imiortance of saving the timber a
far as practicable, upon the neonle nf thi.
county, but more especially the white cedar
and myrtle.
No matter what nur ailment is, Brown's
Iron Bitters will surely benefit you.
True Friends and Netthbora.
Olll 1..J.M J..ll.fla 1 1 .. ..
........... uu..u.,c.. umemoer me attrc-
tiou that lately befell Mr. J. C. Heiren's fam
l'y'i ,n1 1" C0Dtqu"ce of which Mr. Herren
iiw uui ueen aoio io pJOw Ms summer fallow
Last Turscav Mr. Merren was surprised to
40 fourtetn teams at work in his field, plow
i. e. ho was the learer in the affair seem.
i? u V"v",,trV. LbnJ ,U'P cion Points to Mr
f. t . vv allter, who has Leen in the neighbor
hood about three year. It matters not who
was leader in we mait-r. the ao. is one that
commend, itself to everjtody. Mr. Herrei
h4s been In in j on th-. farm he now ocenpie.
tor the la-t tmrtv-eght ears, and has nev r
had auy trouble wit . hit neigh! ors in all tl at
i i. l u , mMt I'leuilly terms with
alt of them to-day, and there are perhaps
none ho would apprec ate a neighborly act
moie than he does, and perl ana none more
'ea.ly .o accou modate a neighbor.-.!?
M.Twnt) four beautiful colors of the Dia
moud Dl". for bill. Wool, Cotton, Ao., 10
cts, A child can oie with perfect tuccees.
TTion Tim rimposE of placing the
Within the reach of every farmer In the Faclac North.
west, we shall af.er this date reduce the prlca u
(aliens :
OnrVenr, In Advance, $2.0
flukaof Ten, (money with nrmei) .. jj
Hubs of riie.fmmey with name,) s.,
T-iClubs can be composed ot old and mm subscribe,,
This new schedule ot prices Is meant to accommo
date all class and Ituve no room for complaint or dli.
satisfaction. At the price named above this paper U
the cheapest on tho Pacific Coast.
As nun) perso s have objected to b lmr aaked la
pay In tuhnnco e reduce the subscription price to
those wh i make adiano payment and shall oetet
deviato from tho terms stated You cm make mootr
hj nrepijmcnt, aul wo prefer that all should purroi
that plan.
We Intend to make a farmers' paper that even
farmer In the land will need and Kill not willingly
do without.
Wc understand the Interests of agriculture In m
this region and intend to continually study and work
for the advancement of the c!as ue represent.
We havo correipoi dents In all sections of tbi
Puclflc Northwest who will report the tucce-s of firm.
Ing In every locality.
We shall visit all sections a d personally reptrt
our obscrvatlors. W c shall compile f torn eur cooUm
porarles of the press all facts relating to develorjmm
and progress, and material Interests of farmers lo ill
parts of the country.
We 6hall keep pace with production In eteryti
partment, and report, through correspondents us
from personal observation, all Important tacts concern
ing fanning In all Its branchis, Including rodactiou
of grain, grasses, frutis ana vegetables; coticeroinr
stock raising, t e value of cattle for meat aud tor
dairying; o' horses for a 1 purp: ses ; of theipfcrirotl
and mutton, or both ; of swine and poultry. Alar, sj
to bees and honey.
We shall continue te stud) the n arksts and lnfora
our patrons on all points, so that they will be sbl; l
judge the situation tcr themselves. Our od patron
will btar witness we hae worked faithfully, la us
connection, In the pat. We shall do so In tbe futon.
No dill; newspaper In Portland has eter girea Us
producers of the country tuch clear views of tbi
world's crops ar.d markets as the Farmer often does
Oui market reports hat e been worth hundreds ot thoi
sar ds to the producers of this region.
We shall canfuliy cud such miscellaneous matter
for use as will btnetit and Instruct both jouojn
old. The Faruer alms to be an educator In sttrj
department if life.
Our editorials will freely and ImlepenJentlydlsran
cicrj que-tlon that interests tho people from Hi
standpoint of right. So far as we have Influence II
snail Da exerted in lavor of good principles, good got
eminent, true religion, temperance and for euucatlos
of the masses of the tierera. and State Governments.
The Home Circle la edited by a lady of maturt
experience In tho lnbore of tho farmer, tnd well
acquainted with the wajs of the world. She internal
herself In all the cutte and pi as res of borne. Thou
sands bear witness to the uod influence the Faun
crerts in many homes lo make the Uvea of mothers;
wives and children better and happier.
It is as a famllj paper tint I he Farmer sustains
the closest relations to the people and exercises trie
most salutatory influence.
Ihc VViLUMrrrs Fakuto If not local In character,
as the name might mislead ou to believe. It wu
named fifteen jears a.o, when the Willamette Valley
was Oregon, but it has expanded anu grown with thl
growth ot the cou try anil repicsents all the agricul
ture of Oregon and W uhington.
This Is the farmer's own organ, open for all te
relate experience, seek Information, and state any
grievance they mi) have to complain ot against who
ever and whatever becks to oppress or deceive them
Our columns btlong to the people, and the value of the
Farmer chief) depends on such popular utterances.
Tho Editor brings to your assistance the expert-
cn-e of 33 ears spent in this region: intimats
knowledge of the countiy; many years connectioi
with sgriculturo and twelve ytars acquaintance
with many of ou in the columns of the Farmer.
The reduction o' prices Is made in expectatioa
that It will bring Increased circulation. We uk every
friend to aid us in that respect, and Bholl appreciate
the rood will of all who do so.
Nixon's Palls, ( iscovered last July by the
railroad surveyor of that name, are located in
the Cascade mouutains, near the head waters
of the Cowlitz river, iin one of the passes of
U.n ...... 1 e .i . . ..
viua oyoieiii. uciore me discovery ot ttiese
grand falls it was impossible to account for
the presence of several considerable lakes in
that vicinity which apparently has i o source
of supply, by the existence ot Nixon's Falls
has probably solved this mystery. Thii grand
freak of nature is ouite nccttsible. nnd will
cojstitute ono of the wondo s of this remark
able s ciion ot cjuntry. A wateifall of 1,600
feet a id n mountain nearly tiftem thousand
feet in hight would bo rare curiosities in any
LAMilVK, . . . MICiniiAN.
Lansing Spring Tooth Harrow
Lansing Wheel Spring Tooth
lor ftirlhtr Imrursnalloa apply (
Maaufartmersal lanslnc Iflrhlgaa.
zania) 1m