Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887, June 01, 1883, Page 3, Image 3

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'I tell ye, it'a nonsense," laid Farmer Bad,
This farming by bookt and rules.
And aendin' the boys to learn that atuff
At the agricultural school.
Rotation o' crops and analysis I
Talk) that to a young baboon I
But ye needn't be tellia' yer science to me
For I believe in the moon.
"If ye plant yer corn on the Roin' moon,
And put up the line for cows,
You'll find It will bear, and yer wheat will too,
If it's decent land where't grown.
But potatoes, now, are a different thing,
They want to go down, that is plain;
And don't you see you must plant for that
When the moon is on the wane.
"So in plantm', and hoein', and hayin' time
It is well to have an eye
On the hang of the moon ye know ye can tell
A wet moon from a dry,
And as to hayin', you wise ones now
Are cntln' you're grass too soon;
If you want it to spend, just wait till it's ripe,
And now on the full of the moon.
"And when all the harvest work is done,
And the butcherin' times come ronnd,
Though your hojs may ba looking the very
And as fat as hogs are found,
You will find your pork will shrivel and
When it cnmcs on the table at noon
All fried to rags if it wasn't killed
At the right time of the moon.
"With the farmers' meetin's and Granges now
Folks can tilk till all is blue;
But don't you be swollerin'all ye hear,
For there ain't niore'n half on't true,
They are tryin' to make me change my plans,
But I tell 'em I'm no such coon;
I shall keep right on in the safe old way,
And work my tarm by the moon."
Judge Harrit.
The Country Gentleman, in response to
a request from a correspondent for a cure
for horses which have contracted the
habit of pulling at the halter says : Take
a sufficiently long pieco of half-inch rope.
Put the center of it under the tail like a
crupper, cross the rope on the back and
tie tho two ends together in front of the
breast snugly, so that there is no slack,
otherwise it would drop down on tho tail.
Put a good ordinary halter on, and run tho
halter strap or rope through a ring in the
manger or front of the stall and tie it fust
in the rope on the front of the breast,
then slap his faco and let him fly back.
lie will not choke or need telling to
' stop pulling back. Let him wear it a
j short time, and twice or thrice a day scare
i him back as suddenly and forcibly as pos-
sible. After one or two trials you will see
tliathe cannot be induced to pull back.
( It is a great mistake, says an exchange,
I to let horses out to pasture until after the
spring work is done. One feed of grass
will spoil a horse's appetite for hay, and he
will be in poor condition for working, no
I matter how highly fed with grain. Many
good farmers keep their horses up during
tho entire year. A healthy man works
through tho summer with only an occa
sional dav of recreation besides that of
Sundays." Why should not a well-fed
horse do the same?
It distresses us to seo a horse or a mule
in adray, wagon or carriage with his head
reined up so that the bits have cut his
mouth. It diminshes the horse's power to
pull and gives him pain. A horse's head
ought to be as free as his feet, except that
the head must be used as tho guiding
part. It would be just as sensible to tie
and braco up his tail when ho is to bo
backed as to fasten tho head when ho is
going forward. A horse of any spirit
always holds his head where it ought to
be when he is in motion.
Of all the breeds of white swino there
are none that we esteem more highly than
the Cheshire. They are undoubtedly
descended mainly from the Yorkshire,
and in all their points resemble tho very
I best modern Berkshire very closely in
' oven- respect, except in color. They aro
j pure white, with a skin that has a bcnuti
, ful pinkish-tint, that gives them an ex
ceedingly attractive nppear.mco when
dressed. Thoy mature early, fatten read
ily and grow to a good size, but, 'in com
mon with all white swine, aro rather
more subject to skin diseases than black
ones. They are very hardy, however, and
withstand great extremes of cold as well
as any breed of which we have ac
knowledge. Horses arc naturally scrupulously
cleanly, and the nearer you keep them in
such a condition tho better they aro sure
to thrive. Particularly so aro thoy so
about their food when at liberty to select
what they wish, yet it is too often he case
that when they are fed in stables and
elsewhere their troughs become sour and
mouldy, or that their food is thrown to
them in some filthy place that would be
enough to destroy their appetito.
Wny Heary Horses are Wanted.
A earful look intolho way the shipping
carried on, and a duo consderat.on of ho
magnitude of this, shows to anyone that
the nearer a shipper can get his truck,
and the team that hauls this, to appnm;
menta of the trade will bo met. Coal"
,...i !,: entirely so in the
common iue. - - , .
greater cities, mainly so-nphace, ol
: size, and on many tarnw """" '
supplanted by coal. &$.
tide requires wiw...- reaches
ferred two or three times betore i
the consumer, and he h afi ns0
numerous the loads, tho less th
of transferring. Jl e wag es fa
teamsters more so n " a ving
higher than some '"" g'"" i u one
in the number of men wggj
source of Th Snot bo ad
transfers. Two lig" -" . tTXiCi
. yantageouslyuunoehea
in a crowded city. u"f':g , carried
i on are, as amie,n""
afatiS A., M .1 W
of horses can work to advantage to a
heavy load. A light team of wheel-horses
cannot do the backing often required, and
in an emergency, growing out of soft go
ing, worn out pavements, or an activity to
ascend, four horses are not likely to work
in such accord as to render the work rea
sonably easy. A team required to move,
without undue strain, tho very heavy
loads to which thcv are often hitched.
three or four tons, must have such
weight of body that when they lean for
ward upon the collar a truck load can be
moved without too great an effort being
required. Ex.
Pure-Bred Stock.
As a rule pure-bred stock is not the
most profitable for farmers to keep.
Many who have tried to breed a herd of
pure blood animals have not succcdcd
The best to begin with in great. The
writer recently visited a herd of Jerseys,
some of the cows in which had cost
many hundreds of dollars. Tho product
in flesh and milk from these cows is not
so much over the grade cow as to warrant
the prices paid. Tho management that
such close bred stock requires is much
greater than that of grade stock ; that is,
crosses between the pure blood and tho
native. Pure blood animals and herds,
like the one abovo mentioned, are of value
as breeding centers, from which the great
mass of common stock can be built up.
At a low estimate the value of the grade
product can be raised $15 or $20 each,
the first season. It may be that a fanner
with an extensive herd of grades thus
produced can afford to keep two or three
pure bloods for further improvement of
the herd, but in many cases it is better
to replenish the pure blood from one of
the centers of such stock. It is a national
blessing that "fancy farmers," as they are
sometimes called, are pleased to invest in
pure bloods, for by this means they are
kept up. It would be unfortunate if from
any cause these herds should be broken
up and scattered. It is through them
that the whole live stock of the country is
to bo improved by a gradual process of
grading. In this important work the less
fortune-favored stock raisers may find a
prohtable held of labor. Exchange.
Jersey Cows.
Tho Jersey is a thoroughbred, and pos
sesses as fully as any the thoroughbred's
capacity to lespond to feed beyond the
amount required for the daily repair of
the wnsto of the body, and will mako this
extra return as surely as the Shorthorns
will make it in beef or tho Ayrshiro in
They being thoroughbred can be de
pended upon to transmit in breeding,
in most cases, tho good qualities
of one parent, and vciy often tho best
qualities of remote as well as immediate
The Jersey makes more butter in pro
portion to her size and iced ; having a
small body, she has jugt so much less to
build up in youth and to support and re
pair day by day. They come in at 20 to
22 months, thus making a saving over
most other breeds of a year of food, hand
ling and protection.
As a rule they go dry a shorter period
than any other breed, two months being
over tho average period and many produce
butter and calves without dying off.
They will stand moic corn and other
winter crain feeding without getting fat ;
she will nut the oil into her bag rather
than into the carcass. This is a point of
great importance in these modern days of
all the year round butter making.
Tho Jersey has shown herself as well
fitted to thrive in all climates and upon
all kinds of food as any breed and some
she surpasses.
Three-miarters of thu highest priced
butter used in New York and New Eng
land to-day is made fiom Jersey cows ; it
blinds from 40 to SOccnts per pound, and
tho demand is greater than the supply.
Boot Crops.
There are two things cultivators of roots
fchould remember ono is the extent to
which this crop will bear manuring, and
thu other, that tho ground is never
ploughed deep enough. In regard to ma
nuring I have a suggestion to make,
which is that after tho root field has re
ceived what is called a good application of
well-rooted barnyard manure, then go to
work and double the application, and if
vou err at all it will bo on tho right side,
in regard to ploughing our root fields wo
plough for com, potatoes and other crops,
four, five or six inches deep, as tho case
maybe, but for carrots an mangolds,
this is a most decided drawback. Land
that is designed for carrots and mangolds
should bo thoroughly sub-oiled; it will
nav well in tho greater perfection and
size of the roots produced. How many
farmers there aro who grow, perhaps, five
hundred bushels per acre of mangolds,
when twelve or fifteen hundred should be
considered a fair crop! In order to , pro
duco the larger yield, wo inut attend to
these preliminaries of manuring and sub
soiling. Correspondence Country Gentle
man. How to Keep Onions.
Many complain that onions do not
keep. The trouble is in keeping them
. warm. The onion is a bulb a plant
at rest and least warmth starts it into
Sty. It is much better that onions
should remain iruzuii uuu-k'! ,,,.,'
pre i led they can thaw gradually, than to
bTput into a cellar or other warm place
. " .u.:- ,.oniiv rowers will bo
arouVed. If put in largo heaps onions
wSbosuro to spoil; but if rcad in thin
Uvewand covJred with hay or straw, so
hat if frozen tho thawing will gradual
ey will keep well through the winter.
It is the custom with onion growers to
get their crop to market as soon as possi
ble. If they were to provide proper stor
age they would realize much more from
them when sent to market late in the
FMduut for Em not Fat.
Tho feeding of whole corn and nothing
else through the winter makes weak fowls
in the spring. Fowls will not lay so well
when thus fed. Corn makes too much
fat, and after a certain amount has been
mado disease, is probable. This condition
comes on when tho hens should bo pre
pared for laying the spring eggs. As the
warm season approaches the torpid state
produced by tho cold weather begins to
wear off, and the birds begin to look about
them with more activity. If the fowls
have been kept high on whole corn, the
fact will now appear. Excess of fat pro
duces excess of heat, and the unnatural
heat weakens the internal organs to so
great an extent that they aro unable to
perform their required offices.
From this cause oftentimes fowls are
found dead on the nest or beneath the
roost. The fowls may have appeared all
right the day before, for only a close ob
server would discover anything amiss.
The laying organs have been weakened,
and in many instances destroyed by the
heat and fat", being crowded and cramped
by it. Frequently the eggs escape into
the body, and are not laid in tho nest.
This docs not cause death so suddenly as
the other phase where the eggs remain in
the oviduct. . In this case the fowl is ac
tive, goes on and off the nest with the
usual cherry cackle, but leaves no egg.
The hen appears hearty and well, but may
be found dead twenty-four hours later, to
all appearances a sound, fat fowl. The
fowl was too fat, that is tho difficulty.
This latter case is more frequently met
with in pullets when first coming into
laying. When the weather is warm, and
the fowls arc running at large, the trouble
may bo removed by a reduction or change
of food. During tho cold months their
food should bo varied, and egg-production
stimulated and kept up as mush as possi
ble. It is the business of a hen after full
grown to produce eggs, and she will do it
when running abroad in mild weather.
For this reason poultry keepers should
givo in winter both animal and vegetable
food, allowing only a 6cant ration of corn
onco a day. Other grains may bo fed
more freely, and with good results. Cor
respondence Country Gentleman.
Egg Eating Hens.
As hens are sometimes subject to this
vice they aro not always at fault. As we
before attempted to explain that many
breeders were responsible for "feather
pulling " among their fowls, so can we say
the same for tho eating of eggs by hens.
As the hen is forced to provide the mate
rial for forming the egg, nature prompts
her to select that which most closely ap
proximates to thoso substances from which
the egg is derived, and as her appetite is
tho prompter in the matter, she makes no
distinction of her own free will, harm
lessly, so far as she is concerned, doing
that which we do not wish, eating eggs.
But hens only learn to cat eggs, and when
the breeder throws rcfuso egg shells in the
yard, or allows the contents of broken
ecus to remain where they can be de
voured, an acquired habit will be tho re
sult. This is not all. If tho food is not
of a variable character containing all tho
necessary constituent, elements that enter
into composition of an egg, shell also, tno
breeder must expect the hen to resort to
anv device within her power to comply
with tho law of supply and demand. But
few cases aio known of hens breaking the
eggs to cat them until tho ait is taught
thorn in some wav. and thev are not am
bitious of knowledge in that direction
when they are fully supplied with all they
Don't Put All Your Eggs In One Basket.
There is an old saying and it is true.
It is bad policy for a farmer to cultivate
only one crop. If that fails ho has lost
his year's work ; but if ho cultivates sev
eral crops, somo of them aro always sure
to succeed, and somo will command a re
munerative price. A farmer about to com
mence, looks over tho field, and finding
that butter always commands a good
prico, buys a few cows, and then to pro
vent tho Mops from tho dairy being wasted,
ho buys some hogs. Poultry pays, and
100 hens and cocks aro bought. When
ho buvs his horses ho sees that it is better
(instead of geldings that aro deteriorat
ing as they grow older,) to invest in fine
largo marcs that will each produco him
a foal worth, say as a yearling, if 100 every
year, in addition to doing tho work of tho
farm. If tho mares are largo they will
easily do this. There is always a demand
for largo horses and mules for draft pur
jioscs, and they sell readily. Every far
mer should try to make everything pay a
profit ; " overy edge cut."
Toe Duck".
Tho duck is peculiarly tho poor man's
bird, its hardness renders it so entirely in
dependent of that caro whinh fowls per
petually require; and, indeed all those
classes of persons in humblo life who
have sloppy offal of somo sort left
from their meals, and who do not keep a
pig to consume it, ducks are tho best save-1
waste for them. Even the rcfuso of pota-4
toes, or any other vegetable, will, with a
little bran meal, satisfy a duck, which it
thankfully accepts and with a degree of
good nature which it is pleasant to con
template, swallows whatever is presented
to it and very rarely occasions trouble.
Though fowls must bo provided with a
roof and decent habitations and supplied
with corn which is costly, the cottage gar
den waste, and tho snails and slugs which
are generated there, with the kitchen
scraps and offal, furnish the harder ducks
with tho means of subsistence. And at
iJsLa'tiiLk - jJ -viiAi
night they rcquiro'rio better lodging than
a nook in an open shed. If a habitation
be expressly made for them it need not
necessarily bo made moro man a lew ieci
in height nor of better materials than
wattles and clav mortar a door being use
less, unless to secure them from thieves.
Doyle s Domestic Poultry.
The Game as a Farm FowL
A correspondent in a cotemporary says :
Since tho introduction of Asiatics and
other fancy breeds of recent years, games
have leen somewhat overlooked. Far
mers have been swept away by tho gen
eral current and fell in with big fowls and
all sorts of new tangled ideas. No doubt
much good has been none in thus chang
ing off for finer and better stock, but I in
variably find that men who have changed
from games to tho large and awkward
Asiatics, or even Plymouth Rocks, go back
to their first love. They find that tho
grand, graceful and majestic games are
the true farmer's fowl. Fearless and de
fiant, they arc the fowl to romp over the
farm to find their own feed, and as a table
fowl no breed on earth can equal them,
and are excellent layers of fine eggs, being
very little behind non-sitters in a year.
And if we take into consideration cost,
certainly the game is most profitable.
They are easily reared and are very small
eaters, and if you want something good
in the way of a fowl, you know you have
it if you keep games.
Bez or Eggs.
Every spring there is moro or less in
quiry for tho best way of determining tho
so't of eggs, as pullets arc much more de
sirable and profitable than cockerels. Up
to dato there has been no way of deter
mining this matter, any more certainly,
than stock breeders can regulate the sex
of their horses and cattle. When this
can bo done, to a positive certainty, there
will lie less chance and more positive Know
ledge on this point at least. Our method
has been to select those eggs of a uni
form size, regular shape and strong shells
and then take our chances on the result.
It may be taken as an evident fact that
the largest percentage of early birds are
cockerels, and that from a mature cock
and hens or pullets the most of the prog
eny will be females while a cockerel (an
immature bird) mated with hens and
cockerels will usually bring most of tho
progeny males. Circumstances may in
fluence and control this greatly, how
ever. Farm and Garden.
Young chicks just from tho shell aro
far too tender to digest corn meal, which
is a strong food at tho best, and "require
something that is milder and still nourish
ing. Somo of tho very best breeders use
dry wheat bread-crusts, or stalo bread ;
this is broken up fine, scalded, and then
fresh milk poured over it. In this way it
is fed at intervals, and the young chicks
thrive splendidly on it. It may cost a
triflo more, and it may tako a little more
time to, prepare it than it does to mix up
somo cold water with a little corn meal,
but then you stand a far better chance of
raising a large percentage of your young
birds. Thoso who have' not tried this
method of feeding, should do so, and thoy
will be surprised to find how well the
chicks take to it.
From several of our exchanges wo learn
that grouse and other game birds are now
more plentiful than thev have been for
years. If tho law is observed there will
bo some splendid hunting this fall. All
that the farmer's sons have to do is to get
their fathers permission to stick up no
tices warning hunters not to trespass on
their land. Tho law is for the lcnefit of
all and not solely for the members of tho
Poitland Hod and Gun Club or young
stois from the towns and cities. Enter
prise. "lliichup.ilb l"
Qu.ck, complete cure, all annovin; Kidney, Bladder
.nu Urinary msoaaes.
TJio Boat Pony
Yet Offered for the Money.
03-fiend for Circular.
kiciisiod, ;m;
Vans' White Metallio Ear Marking Label, aUmped
to order with name, or came sod address and num
bers. It is reliable, 'heap and convenient. Bells at
tlgbt and gives piifect satisfaction. Illustrated
l'rlecLUt and samples free. Agents wsn"-l.
C. II. DANA, West Lebanon, If. O.
sW Will furnish a rioraa Power with on,
third lew fuel aod water than any otutr EnxitM
built, not Stud Willi an automatic cut-off.
Ac CO., Atrontw,
Ho. 6 Xorth Croat St., Portland, Or.
vlih TtH e.u,
md trsu'11 tHsri
iLsi4SMrlOsr,llMi UutwrtiUttwWU Amtw. Xm
kWCm. M. TsH ' nwk
'KiA. j-, it&fjti' , a - ,,j.
Cor. tint and'Alder 8U, Portland, On.
Merchant Tailor,
And Hatter.
(Juitnmtf-eH to sell the very
best CLOTHING tor le
.Honey than any other house
in the state.
lU it is for alt tb painful dlmm of th
It filtmnirn Ui sratam at tL mariA Milan
that oum th dreadAil tUftrin which
cmr u Tioums or ahnmtlm an TaliM.
of tho wont form of thi terrible cIIimm
nT Dean quiokiy nueved, and in abort Urn
.it- vrj can m wnt oy mail.
W2ELLS. BICHAXLDSOir Ss Co.. BurUncton Vt
That Brown's Iron Bitters
will cure the worst case
of dyspepsia.
Will insurea hearty appetite
and increased digestion.
Cures general debility, and
gives a new lease of life.
Dispels nervous depression
and low spirits.
Restores an exhausted nurs
ing mother to full strength
and gives abundant sus
tenance for her child-
Strengthens the muscles and
nerves.enriches the blood.
Overcomes weakness, wake
fulness, and lack of energy
Keeps off all chills, fevers,
and other malarial poison.
Will infuse with new life
the weakest invalid.
37 Walker St., Baltimore, Dec 1W1.
For ia yean I have been a great
auffercr from Blood Dlieaae, Dya.
pepsla.andComtlpatlon.and became
so debilitated that I could not retain
anything on my itomach, in Tact,
life hadT almost become a burden.
Finally, when hope had almost left
me, my husband seeing Brown's
Irom Bitters advertised In th
Japer, Induced me to give It a trial,
am now taklnz the third bottle
and have not felt so well In six
years as I do at the present time.
Mrs. u F. GmrriK.
Brown's Iron Bitters
will have a better tonic
effect upon any one who
needs "bracing up," than
any medicine made.
mermrYEAsroR baking pom
MHHHBfl sssss
jj&jV ..-. 4 lit'..
i rjwHOtji.
Mothers like, and PhyatolsuM
reooxonand it.
World's great Palu-Relievtay
remedies. They heal, soothe ail' I
cure Bums, Wounds.'Weak Back
nnd Rheumatism upon Mh
nnd Sprains, GaUU, antfl Iawta
licss upon Beasts. Cheap, ginti.')
and reliable.
SPURTS Of diagastlBC MtVsMSY
SanflUs, . Crackling Pains la that
Head, Fetid Breath, Deafness,
any GatarcsLalGomplalnt,oanseS
terminated tr "Wei Se Mejrosr's
Catarrh Core, a Constitutional Am'
tidote by Absorption. The most Za
Fever and ' Ague, IntermltUiM
and Remittent Fevers, Jte,
This olasi of diseases to oommon in all psttf
of the World, and especially prevalent in St.
larlous districts and vlolnage of water-oourtss",
an almost Invariably aocompanled by mort tt
lets derangement of the liver, and frequently
bj a defcotlve action of tho digestive orgsl.
The mere breaking of the Chill is but a Htf
towards completing a radical ours; ths rariolf
organs of the body, especially the stomach ajet
liver, must be brought to a healthy and Tigs'
ons eondition before a permanent cure cal fc
established, and this fact has been speollls'
kept in view by Dr. Jayne In bis treatment tt
these eomplaintt. The use of Jayne's AglM
Mixture, In conjuncUon with Jayne's Sanatlts
fPllls, as prescribed In the Directions whUfc
aseompany each bottle, will not only
but restore the system, more particularly tw
liver and stomach, to a sound eondiUon, anl M
prevent a relapse of Fever and Ague by Uf
and the beat evidence of this Is the InvarlaWs
sucoeta which has always followed the admin
istration of these remedies, at attested by Jks
certificates published annually In Dr. JayBrl
Almanao, and the wide-spread popularity of tl
Ague Mixture in those districts of the Uslitel
States, where the diseases, for which It If
adapted, most prevail.
Cur nulo l.y lloigo, liavis & Co., Agents.
(Old "NATIONAL," Established ISM.)
2) Front li'n' Washington and Aldw
A. P. AIMf8TRONO Prlndyal
J A.WESCO, Penman and Bacretary
A 'i Institution deslmcd for the practical business
education of both sexes.
Almltted on any week day of the year. No Tad
tlou at any tune, an1 ne elimination
on entering-.
itrbolarsiilp, far Fall Kaalaess Coarse, H
Ol all kinds esecated to order at reasonaMa rata
Satisfaction guaranteed.
Tin. i;irr Journal, containing Inform
tin courw uf study, when to enter, time required,
cost of board, etc., and cuts o ornamental penaaaa
hip, from the pen of Prof, Wmcu, sent frw.
Lock Box 101, Portland, Oregon
SPLENDID POT PLANTtt, oeolally pre
pared for Immediate Bloom. Del vc red
saf els b mull laatpa'iLataU I t u. 0 11 ku-
did tariaMlea, your ohol e.alllaUkd.fortii 18
for S2I 19 for 131 2Qfo.t4i SSforCSl 75 for
lOlfOOforCIS. WE CIVK pHirdtcm
Present of choice audvalunbloROeCL woo
wiUt every order, Our NEW CUIDE, ";
TrvilUt m lit iiMt. 70 tp. tliyunlli tli$ roc' ft
Bass drawers, West 0ve. Caeatar Ce., i a.
.'! t
IT 5'