Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887, February 16, 1883, Page 7, Image 7

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WILLAMETTE FARMER: POBTLAND, OREGON. FEBBUAKY 16. 18S3.
5paiiiiiamlloulttiij.
I will
I have one
Bees Tnt Will Pay.
Salem, July 7, 18S3
Editor Willamette Farmer:
You ak for facts in refiard to bets
rivn von some of my txpenenco :
swarm which pays me from $100 to $200 a
year, as follows ! I raise cucumbers and mel
ons uuder glass getting them in blossom very
early; then they need to be fertilized before
any fruit will form. This work is done by
the honey be-; but if I wait for the mid
ones or thrse of my neighbors to visit the
blossoms and do the work it would be late iu
Cows, when at liberty to select their sleep
ing places out of doors will be observed
alwaj 8 to lie down upon the side of a dry
knoll, if there is one in the yard or pasture,
never lying with the bick down the hill, but
always with this towards the higher ground.
This affords more than one lesson pointing to
wards thrift; and bear in mind that there can
be no full measure of thrift without comfort.
These lessons are (1) no farm animal will
sulect a resting or sleeping place that is not
stntirMv drv. unlets forced into a wtt one;
(2) that the comfort ot the cow, while con
Hned in her Stan, can De nuucu .u U 6..e
her an abundance of bedding, and this may
hl m afford an ami le cushion in which-
...-., . . .
ever direction sne turns tier uam.
Farmer.
the season before I would get any fruit. So
I keep one swarm. From this two or three
swarms will come in the spring, and then
they are on hind ready to work on the blos
soms as s-on as they appear, and gt an early
crop, which brings a high price In 18i9 : my
cucumber crop brought about $ 5; in 18S0.
$175; in 1881, $150, and in 1882. $100. I
expect this ye.ir to more than double my
crop, as I have about drulle the room under
glass that I have had heretofore. My crop of
cucumbers and melons ought to brine me at
least $300: but it would bung me nothing U it
were not for the hon-y bee. So 1 expect my
l. i 4. li a vmr a return OI at
least $30", besides a considerable quantity 01
honey. I will report next iau.
' Dexter Field.
-X. K.
iotK.
1833.
To Kill Chicken Lice.
W'alla Walla, Feb
Editor Willamette Farmer :
Take one ounce carbolic acid to two gallons
soap suds. Have it boiling; apply to roosts
and the entire inside of the hen house twice a
year. This keeps chickens free from lico. Of
course the hen house must be kept clean.
Whitewash every spring; tack narro strips
of cloth on tbo under side of roosts. The lice
will seek shelter on the cloth. Scald with
boiling water once a week for four consecutive
.veeks, and your work is done for some time.
One thorough scalding last June has kept our
hen hou.e free to dats.
A. W. SwEEXEr.
Sulphur as a Cure for Diphtheria.
The followine receipt for diphtheria is from
an English doctor who never lost a case when
giving this treatment :
'One teaspoonful of sulphur in a wine gtasa
of water. Stir with a stick, not wun miwi.
Use as a garble; allow some to pass down the
throat. When not possiblo to use as a garcle
blow a little powdered snlphur through a quill
into the throat. This gives instant relief."
It is now known that diphtheria is caused
by animalcu la just below the roots of the tongue
and powered sulpl ur is the most powerf ulagent
(and least harmful) known. My own children
had the diphtheria -one of the sevcrly grow,
ing worse under the care of a good physician.
t .io,l 1.;. nutitii'.ine and applied pow
dered tulphur on a flat stick (a fair pinch, the
child projecting its tongue), just across the
!..,. ...rt nf th tnnirae. This nave immedi
ate relief, and a'ter two or three applications
the child recovered.
In a large town in Western New ork
there was an epidemic of diphtheria, and
every case was fatal up to the tune this
remedy was made known to the people there,
when only one child died of all those who
tried it. I have mentioned it to others with
like results. This remedy should be made
known in districts where diphtheria prevails.
Our fellow townsman, J. W. Bosworth, in
forms us that he has seen the above recipe
-! roneatpdlv. and in every case
, j;j- 11' T 'Vltnea
spienaiu buuuvos. ..
with
T. Timet.
Strange Discovery.
The Yaquina Post of January 20th contains
the following account of the discovery of por
tions of the skeleton of an "old rooster :"
The other day, at the foot of a hill whose
feet are laved by the waters of the bay, Mr.
Bryant picked up a huge upper jaw which had
been washed out by the late heavy tides. A
little digging uneathed the lower jaw, part of
the c.-anium, leg bones, ribs, etc., of what
once was, doubtless, the boss Tyee of tin
bay. The jaw measures nearly five inches
across, and some of the teeth are whoppers.
Judging from the length of the lee bone, the
owner thereof in life might have been any
where from six to ten feet high. Scattered
among the remains were quantities of colored
beans of different sizes, and a number of
brass buttons, the old Btyle ot U. S. soldier
button. Probably the old rooster had swl
lowed a soldier, thus committing suicide by a
friend. , . ......
Judging by the dimensions given, this bird
must have been contemporary with the mas
tadons of pre-histoiic times whose bones are
even now occasionally found, and must have
far outrivalled in size all known speci'-.. the
feathered kingdom now existing. Me must
have been very old too to have attained such
a prodigious size, and consequently too tough
to maKO a lioou siew ui iui. " ". , "
it is lucky for our glorinus bird of freedom
that this race of roosters became extinct in
the early ages, for he nev.r could have
perched on the pinnacle of American liberty,
which proud eminence he occupies to this
day, if he had been brought in competition
with another possessing the towering and
commanding presence that must have be
longed to .the one wbote fossil remains are
described above.
Ddkinq the warm season, when allowed to
forage for themselves, each fowl gathers sev
eral ounces of meat daily. Now, the supply
of grasshopper', bugs, flies and worms has
lailed, and it should be furnished from the
table, the scrap-pot or the markit. Ween
food is also gone, and this should be furnished
in cabbages, apples or cut clover. A warm
breakfast should be given, and there should
be no lack in the supply of drink. A meat
diet with grain and vegetables is essential to
the well being of fowls during cold weather,
when worms, hugs and insects are not to be
found by the birds.
Relative to the cost of milk, Henry Stew
art remarks : "A large Short-horn cow re
quirts twice the amount of food as a moderate
sized, more thrifty and economical Arshire,
and in estimating the cost of the milk of
each from the food consumed, 14 quaits of
Ayrshire milk could be produced for 20 cents
.a itiv with comparatively high feeding, while
lfi nuarts of Short-horn milk costs 34 cents
.;. tho same kind of feed, but eiven in
lorror rations. Ayrshire milk thus costs less
than one and a half cents a quart for the food,
while Short-horn milk costs two and one
eighth cents per quart. To determine the
question which is the best cow to keep for a
milk dairy, so far as the case in point at least,
requires no further consideration."
Dairymen abroad have been experimenting
for the purposeo of determining which yield of
milk, the morning or evening mess, is the
richer of the two. The decision was in favor
of the evening mess being the richer, for both
butter and chepse n aking qualities. The
milk of cows fed ground feed in winter wis
richer than that produced by the same cows
from grass in summer. This is not a matter
ot very great moment to the dairymen, thouuh
he should keep posted on all tbtBe little
points.
Chief Moses and His Strategy.
There is a great deal of shrewdness and
cunning in the make up of Chief Mosea. He
has less than sixty followers, male and female,
old and young, and these are fragments or on
shots from other tnbe, and the great uuik oi
them are renegades at best, whoso uefaiious
instincts and occupations reach such connec
tion, so that they could have a wider tield in
which to operate under Moses and his follow
ers, than could be practiced an.ong the moro
civilized Indians. Moses is not a chief by
hereditary right, but he is naturally smart
and of a commanding mien, who has collected
a few followers from various tribes, and none
but the worst of characters at that. His
cunning, displayed during the skillful man
agement of the preliminaries for the Howard
treaty, were so marked that the general and
his staff were perfectly dazzled by the imposing-array
that was presented when Moses and
his followers appeared on the opposite side of
the river at Priest Rapids in sight of Howard's
camp. It has not transpired what were the
inducements held out to the SpoUan Indians
for them to join in the military display of
Moses. An eye witness informed the writer
that he was present when the two hundred
warriors painted upamtequippeu mi a;t i
parapharnalia of war filled along the plain di
rectly opposite Howard's camp. It was truly
an imposing spectacle, and gave Moses all the
prestige he coveted and had planned to cap
tured. His minouvering succeeded admirably
aud enabled mat wuy ciuciumu iu uuui al
most to the full such terms as ne cuci.ai.eu.
The idea was to impress Howard with not
only his importance as a veritable chief, but
to show as large a following as possible. Thus
Howard was captivated by the false display
and Mos s received that deference and con
sideration thit was nis wont, and Gen. How
ard, perhaps, to-day is not cngnizeut of the
r,,n nrncticed on l.im. aud the means em
ployed by Moses and his confreres to outwit
mm. r'Hi'" ,,.. .
Tne Future Meat Supply.
In Walla Walla the meit question is a lead
ing one, as the following will show. The sud
den rise in flour and beef is agitating the en
tire cosst :
Just where tho futuro meat supply for this
section of country is coming from is not ap
parent. Heretofore, Washington Territory
has been the msrket to which buyers came,
who supplied the shops in Eastern markets.
To-day, it begins to look as though we shall
have to go out of the Territory for our own
meat supply for another season. From the
Palouse region comes tho rcprt that the
calves are dying with diphtheria by the hun
dreds. From the Crab creek and Big Bend
region comes word that our section is a vast
slaughter pen; grass plains are strewn with
the carcasses of calves. The diseases have
penetrated to the Spokan country, and tho
meat supply of one or two seasons hence is
dying of blackleg or diphtheria. The same
report from many of our farmers in our im
mediate neighborhood, and really the matter
begins to loi.k serious, especially to those per
sons whose purses are not at all weighty ex
cept on Saturday evening about six o'clock,
and then only for a couple of hours. Beef will
be very scarce in this region before many
months, and the price wilfcertainly advance.
Writing of the question of fat beef cattle, and
the necessities that must naturally arise, an
flxphanrrfi savs ;
The cities ot the near luture win nemanei
better beef rlian those that any pastures can
furnish through the winter and spring, and
how to provide good marketable meats for a
fastielious market, is an important question.
Of course, beef cattle must be stall-fed. The
time has come when we mutt resort to all the
best methods of older States in these respects.
How to keep cattle thriving at least expense,
and so make them profitable, is no light
question to answer. Here again ensilaee
comes in as a specific, for those who have ex
perimented at the East during tho past win
ter unanimously agree that ensilage furnishes
the best and cheapest fodder for dairy use, or
to make winter beef, and it has further been
established that silos, or pits to preserve this
fodder, it can be constructed at very smau
cost, and that ensilage can be put up, cut in
half-inch lengths and then tramped down
by stock, aud afterwards weighted with
stone, at not to exceed $1 per ton, and three
tons of it is said to equal one ton oi ury nay.
At the East, where both corn and sorghum
ftirivn and nrn tided t 1 fill siloS. CaDable men
assert that rye, wheat, oats, cl iver or orchard
grass can be grown and put up as cheaply as
corn, and answers much better; so that w
have here the meanB to put up as good ensi
lage as :an be made in the world, and there
fore can as easily adopt the new system as
they can at the East.
Breed Up.
dainty and a careful feeder, and as cleanly as
needs bo iu its habits. Mutton is moreeasdy
and cheaply produced than beef, is just as
nutritious, and may be served in as great a
variety of forms. As a steady food it is far
superior to poultry, and costs no more. We
mean good, fat, juicy mutton, not that from
the half-starved, scabby or foot-ordered speci
mens, that have outlived their breeding nge,
ai d been shorn of fleeces enough to furnish
shoddy blankets for a tribe of Indians. Peo
ple in cities seldom know how really good
mutton taste, and the remark may also apply
to most families upon the farm. Tho latter
too often fail to try it. We know of many
well-to do farmers, menwhohave well-stookcd
farms, who do not slaughter a sheep during a
twelve month, yet who kill a pig every month
in the summer season, and in the fall "put
down" pork enough to last every other
month during tho year. This is a nation of
meat caters, but it confines itself too exclu
sively to rtork aud b 'ef. It is better to sand
wich in a little more mutton. A fow sheep
for family consumption, even when they are
not kept for sale or for wool, will be found a
most excellent investment on all farms. .
S. Cojlin.
Origin of the Domesticated Bog.
Tho wild hog is not indigenous to America.
In its place appears, however, an allied ani
mal, the peccary of the subtropical aud trop
ical regions. There are two species, and were
named Dictoyles, double naveled, from a
glandular opening in tho back. One species
(D. tarquatus) is the collared peccary; the
other (D.labiatus) is the whito lipped variety,
and both inhabited originally the countries of
the Atlantic from Guiana and Paraguay north
to the Red river. They are smaller than tho
common hog of the Eastern hemisphere (sua
scrofa,) aud covered with stiff bristles on tho
back, which, like the hair of all savage ani
mals, is erected when angry or alarmed; but,
unlike tho hog, they aro nearly destitute of a
tail.
The original of the domestic hog of Great
Britain was undoubtly white or sandy. They
wero Ol two general classes; the smaller being
dusky in color, with erect or partly erect cars,
U bardr. half wild, and eenerallv found
in the highlands and island of Scotland. The
second class was larger, with pendulous cars,
generally white but sometimes tawny or
spotted with black. They were coarso, large
hamed, arch baoked, long legged and huge
snouted, and would not fatten until two or
three years old, in fact, pretty much such a
hog as used to ue iounu wuu m mo "'"
forests half a century ago.
Tho Essex, now tho best of our small black
hogs, was originally a long, flat sided, roach
backed, long legged hog, with prick ears, aud
long head and nose. The bone was rather
small, and the color was white or black-and-white.
They had little hair, were unquiet and
great feeders, but fattened quickly. Undoubt
edly they were a modified Siamese, their emi
nent modern qualities being due to Neapolitan
blood and careful selection and breeding.
Breeder's Gazette.
and the sheep kept in hand. Sow turnip or
somo other seed which will grow on compara
tively poor land, that the sheep may have
some pasturage. When this is done and tho
crops begin to grow, divide off a portion with
the hurdles, place the sheep inside, nnd while
eating of tho crops their droppings will bo de
posited on the land. Continue moving tho lot
from one place to another until tho entire field
has been gone over. If the land is very poor
this mode "f leaving it should be kept up at
least two years; then in the spring plant
wheat or oats, to be followed as soon as har
vested by another turnip sowing, which is to
be fed to the sheep m tho same manner as de
scribed above, and thus rale two crops, one
for the master and tho other for the sheep.
The anim.ls will improve in wool growing
qualities, increaso in numbers, add to tho
supply of manure, and all tho while enriching
the owner. There is no better manuro than
sheen dronnines. nnd bv following the above
mode of sowing and applying it, marked ben
cfika will result in a short time. The inevita
ble law of nature to return something tor
what is taken away must ho adhered to.
Richmond ( Va ) Southern Planter.
Kindness to Stock.
juy r ir l sr
Occasionally wo soo domestic animals that
are as wild as foxes, and at the approach of
man manifest tho greatest alarm. This is
usually caused by ill treatment on tho part of
some one in the past. It is a positive disad
vantage to have animals treated unkindly; it
matters not whether they bo horses, sheep or
cattle, the results aro tho same. They will no
eat bo well; they are likely to bo restless:
they will not grow as fast as they shou'd and
there is a constant loss from this wholly un
necessary cause. Threfore wo say treat vour
animals with the greatest kindness, and don't
allow any ono to strike, kick or abuse them.
Your animals will always givo you a cordi il
welcome when they have nn reason for ex
pecting abue. Trest them kindly, and they
will reward you wetl for it by bringing into
your pockets more profits for their keeping.
Farminyton Journal.
But the land of tho Puyallup valley asid.)
from leading the world in tho matter ot pro
ducing hops aro wonderfully fertile for the
growth of mammoth spuds, as is well attested
by a box oi tnese roois irom me umi ".
A J. Miller by which the Tacoma Ledyer
office has been favored, ono of which taken at
random, mcasurod 20J inches in its largest
circumference, boing nearly a foot in length
and all of which average in weight two pounds
rcr spud.
The Pendleton Kant Oreijonian tells of an
apple-treo branch, taken from an orchard near
Echo, Umatilla County, which is lour itet
lorgand about ono inch through at the la:
gest end, which has on it over two hundred
good looking apples. An average apple on
this branch measured seven and one-halt
inches in circumferonce. This is a pretty big
story, but it is truo, nevertheless.
Singular Recovery of a Lost Ring.
Several months ago a lady residing on Bea-
i . I. if .... .!, .f riiina (wrm Viol"
con Btrei.1 iook ou a uumuci " "'s" -
fingers and laid them upon her dressing table.
After washing her hands she returned to her
room to replace her rings, when to her aston
ishment one of them, a diamond ring, was
missing. She was certain that she took the
ring from her finger, and equ lly certain that
no one could have entered the room without
her knowledge during the five minutes she
had been in the bath. room. A most rigid
search was instituted, but the missing ring,
valued at two hundred dollars, was not found.
A few weeks since the lady was much annoyed
by mice. Almost nightly they held their
revels. They not only destroyed h.r sleep,
but choice laces were mutilated, Iho lady
nrrA n tran. one of the old-fashioned
kinds, and, having baited it with a bit of
cheese, placed it near the scene of depieda-
tions. Un tne louowing murmuR sou '.
three fine silky mice of various si7es. One of
them was so peculiarly constru ted that it at
tracted her attention, as it appeared to have
a string tied around its body. Tho servant
girl was instructed to drown the captives and
reset the trap, and she was about throwing
the dead mico into the dirt barrel when her
eye was attracted by a spurkle from what
proved to bj the lost diamond rin?, which was
not perceptible when the mouse was alive,
but which came to light after the severe soak,
ing wl i h the mouse received. It is supposed,
in his haste to get away, that he ran his head
through the rine, and subsequent struggles
only forced it over his fore legs, where it re
maiutd. llotlon Journal.
If a common cow has the marks of a good
milker it is wisdom to breed from her.
Whether or not her calf will inherit her good
qualities time alone can tell. It is right here
that the value of improved atocK is greati si.
Its characteristics are fixed and will ba re
produced. It is here, too, where tho value of
a registered pedigree is apparent. The fact
that a book contains the brief statement of
the ancestors of au animal is nothing in itself.
n,,e fh fant that it tells that an enimal has
certainly como from a long line of ancestors
which have reeularly transmitted their char
acteristics is everything, for it not only
ai,n.,.a Hint the animal itself possesses the
family characteristics to a greater or less de
gree, but that it in turn will be able to trans
mit them. The common cow may reproduce
herself, and sho may not. The purely-bred
cow will reproduce herself, with possibly
slight variation, under proper breeding. It
is too often the case that the owners of com
mon cows get an erroneous impression when
their attention lias been called to the desira
bility of improving their herds. They are
convinced, perhaps, that it would bo to their
intnroat. to breed un. or rather improve the
character of their herds; but thinking that the
only way to do this is to purchase outright,
they
"tsJv&g-
LYDIA E. PINKHAM'8
VEGETABLE COMPOUND.
Is a Positive Cnro
For alt tko Painful Complaint, sal WtaltnMMS)
o common to our beat female population
A Mcillclno for lTomsn. InTented hj t IVraili
Prepared tJ a H'omin.
fk CrtMt B4!flt DlMOTtrr Stir tat tawa af IIHtflr
tylt roTtTcs tha drooping spirits, InTlg-orates and
hsrmonJioa tho oreanlo functions, bItos elasticity sad
firmness to tho step, restore! the natural lustre to th
eye, and plants on tho pale check of woman the frcaB
ro-ics of life's spring and early summer time.
tSTPhjslclans Use It and Proscribe It Freely -S
It removes falntncw, flatulency, dcatroys all craYlng-
for stimulant, and relleTos weakness of the stomach.
Tlint feeling ot bearing down, causing patn, weight
and backache, Is always permanently cured by Its us.
For the cure or Kidney Coraplnlnta of either MS
thU Compound la unaurjaaaed.
T.TIUA K. rlXKHAM'S BLOOD PPHIFIER
rill eradicate every vctlgo of Humors fnmi tnj
Blool, and Clio tone and strength to tho system, Ct
man woman or child. lnIt on uavlug iu
Both the Compound and Blood Purifier aro prepared
at EB and 235 Western Avenue, Lynn, Mass. Price at
cither, U Six bottlM for $5. Bent by maU In tho form
of pills, or of lotcngea, on receipt of price, llpertxa
forclther. Mrs. Plnkhara freely answors all letters of
Inquiry. Encloso Set- stamp. 3end for pamphlet.
Mo f nmlty .hould be without LTD! A E. MSKnASfg
LIVKtt I'll.I.S. Thor euro constipation, LlUoluocm,
and torpidity of tho liver, a cents per box.
a-a-Soldbr nil IruiriilM.-fc
"lluchupailm"
tl. Druggiste.
9 u;ck, complete cure, all annojlng Kidney, Bladder
I. fkl- atl tlailimlafl
ana urinary wiac-aties.
niav not feel like 'going to tho ex
pense. Some oi tne nest cows 111 w uiuuui
are cresses of tho common stock with tho im
proved breeds, and if a man owns a common
cow that has proved herself a valuable dairy
animal, he has excellent encouragement to use
her for crossing. It is every man's duty to
breed up. It is throwing away money to keep
an inferior animal when we can juat as well
have a better one. Wedern Rural.
The Chicago Triitme says : Ariel Low,
Chicago, reports that his Jersey cow, Welma,
5,942, made seventeen rounds eight ounces
of butter last week, her feed during the week
of the t st having consisted of four eiuarts rf
bran and one quart of corn meal prrday, with
pasturace. Hit two-year-old Jersey heifer,
Kit'y Teall, 10,771, mde twelve pounds five
o nces of ' utter in May last, the second week
after calving. Weimar is a half sister to
Signal, 1,100, sire of Fenelia, 1,712, a cow
with a record of twenty-two pounds and on
andahalf unces per week; of Croton Maid,
5,3"4, recsrd of twenty-one pounds eleven
a half ouncet; tf Valhalla, 5.S00, record of
tixteen pounds; of Edwina, 5.713, record of
fifteen vuodt thirteen ounces, and of Alda
rine. 5,301, record of fourteen pounds per
week.
Wheat is absolutely cheap, says a milling
journal of recent date, but it may be cheaper.
Still, wheaten bread is relatively very much
the cheapest staple article of food in common
use, and the consumption of it must be enor
mous, not only in this country but in Europe,
where the food situation is very much the
same as it is here, Meats of all kinds are ex.
travai'antly dear. Fish, both fresh and salted,
if not dear, certainly cannot be called cheap;
while potatoes, onions, caunape, anil an w.
icriptioi s of vegetables, together with beans,
peas, and every kind of green and dried fitrt,
command very full prices. The stiff of life is
reslly the cheapest food we eat, anil, as pre
viously estimated, the per capita consumption
of it must be very great.
How a Fool TreatB a Horse's Foot.
He has cut away the frog, because he
thinks the horse, will bo injured if the frog
touches the ground. He has then cut a deep
groove at tho base of the frog. Thit is to give
a well-opened heel, as he is pleased to can it.
He has scooped away the sole to "give it
spring." He has scored a deep notch in the toe
for the Bhoe. This is evidently a conserva.
tive relic of the time when nails were not
used, and the shoe attached by thrce-pointed
clips hammered over the edge, one in front,
and ono on either side. Then he h s improved
the whole of the outer surface of the hoot. As
the Creator has furnished this put of the
hoof with a thin, hard, pdished plate, form
ing a sort of varnish which is impervious to
wet. the farrier, as a matter of tourse, rasps
t nil wav un to the crown. And as the Cre
ator has placed round tho crown a fringe of
liair, whicli acn as a tuavcii iu me nun ui
junction, and throws off the rain upun the
water-proof varnish, he cuts this away with
his scissors. Lastly, the Creator having
given to the horny hoof a mottling of soft
i a! 11.. i....i,liini,nf lirMirri frriv 111 lift
ana parti uy uiu.ui....., o,w...., 6.-, -.-.,
yellow, black and white never exactly the
same in two hoofs, much less in two horses
the farrier takes a blacking pot and brush,
polishes up tho hoofs until they look like pat
ent leather boots, all four exactly alike, and
then contemplates his work with satisfaction.
In his own words, he has "turned out a fin
ished job of it." Partner' t Muyazine.
A Word for Mutton.
The mutton of a well-fed sheep of every
breed, fro-n the Downs and Shires down to
the little wooled Saxony, it palatable aud
healthful. None of the objections urged
against the use of pork.can bo brought against
thoso of mutton. It never has been known to
impart scrofu a, trichme or tape worms to its
1 . . . . -. .i. -.. : l...
consumer!, lhe sweep uoet not uiim iu mo
The Beef Supply
Notwithstanding the enormous advance iu
cattle raising during the past twenty years or
bo, the increased supply, even in favorablo
seasons, has not been at all commensurated
with the increase in the demand for beef. Tho
ratio of increaso in cattle is less than that of
population, so that even with no change in
dietctio habits the demand for beef would
tend steadily to outrun the supply. But our
appetite for beef increases much more rapidly
than our numbers. The marketmau makes his
daily rounds with fresh beef in hundreds of
communities where salt pork was eaten almost
exclusively twenty-five years ago; and gener
ally throughout tne country beef has largely
displaced pork on tho tables of farmers, me
chanics and well-to-do people. This partly
because of tho universal improvement in tho
Bcale of popular living due to general prosper
ity, but more, perhaps, to the influenco of a
school of wiiuld-bo health reformers who have
persistently decried pork as an articlo of food,
and created a widespread and unreasonable
iiriudice aoainst it. Luavinc out of consid
eration any possible increaso in the demand
for beef for exportation, wo may reasonably
anticipate that the homo demand for beef will
continue to increase as fast, if not faster, than
the population does; and thcro can bo no
marked decline irom tne present, uxccuuivc
E rices until the supply of beef cattlo is
rought up to the level of tho popular require
ments. It is not tho prime cost of beef cattle
in tho field, or their neccsary cost at the
shambles after beinp driven or carried half
across tho continent, that chiefly determines
tho price of the meat to the consumer, but tho
single fact that the supply is relatively so
meagre that cattlo raisers can ask and readily
get prices which enable them to make 20, 30,
even 50 per cent, profit per annum on tin
money invested selling for six cents a pound,
live weight, cattle which cost two cents a
pound to raise, Scientific American.
DR. WIT1IYCOMBK, Y. S.
VETERINARY SURGEOX.
Portland, Oregon.
Writes Proscriptions 'or Dlsoasesof all classes ol stock
rlco, $1 tor each proscription written. State synip
tomsand age ol animals as near as possible.
FARMER'S EXCHANGE I
All Sorts ol Merchandise Exchanged torj
COUNTRY PRODUCE.
Dry Ooods, drocorlos, Hardware, Crockory, Doott and
Shoes, Ilata and Caps.
Ever) thing a Farmer wants for talo. Everything a Fai
mcr raises ws ntd.
S. HERMAN,
I'orner Slndlson and First Street! Portlanat
Opposite Scijnian, Sabln & Co't Agricultural Wart-
house. octSS-t
DRS. A. S. & Z, B. NICHOLS,
Homeopathic Physicians and
Surgeons.
Rooms SO, 80, 01 a Union Block, Portland, O
Hprrlalllm,
Dr Z II. N. Diseases of Women,
DR. A. S. N. Diseases ot Ejo, Ear and Throat.
Ofllce O. P.
Bacon's Mackhak Stables, 93 Secon.'
se.. hefc. Stark and Oak.
Residence Cor Thirteenth and Taylor 8ta.
Spanish Merino Sheep.
T OFFER A FEW THOltOUnilllltKn MKHINO FOR
..I. I l...lin r.nrriunniiilencO Or Will 1,0 Iflad to
Show custSmcrs my farm on Mill creek, 6 miles south
of Salem. THOMAS CROSS, Salem.
USE ROSE PILLS.
I EVERYWHERE to sell th
Jhtst family Knllllna
air or stockinirt
ARFNTS WANTED,!
as ....lil... i.ver lntenteil. Will knit a Haft
ulll, IIKKI.aiul TOE eotllllletu 111 20 minutes. It will
i.lo knit a (treat lurlity cf fancy work for which there
is alwaj s a reuilv inarki t. Send for circulars and tcrmt
to Iho TwoiHly Ktilllliig JliiclilncJ 103 Tro-
mont Street, lloston, Muss. sqiSmO
WM. WATSON,
commission Agent
for
THE SAI.r: OF...
GALLOWAY and POLLED
ANGUS: Or
1 Itlltlll IV IMTTLK. I HAVE FOR SALE
Wl head ot Imported eat'lo. As an old resident
,? ,t'r.r,.. u...l WxMliltiirtou I kno well the rcmlire-
ments ol Iho l'aclllc (.'oust stock misers. tfl.AiIiiriss
mo can) of Watt Si Evans, Stock arils, hansai l-lty,
Mlunnrl. uccaiu.
Stock Breeders' Directory.
7.a-Tfii.TernniTie.Mr wo wuTThiMIsIi small advir
tlminenta, like tho following, for 1 per jear. larger
advertisements will bo cliarired In proportion.
FRAZER
AXLE CREASE.
ItKHT In Ilia- Wni-hl. :-! I lif :niiilnr.
I'.M-ry imrkiiixri liat mir iriKle-miirh uuel la
marked Friitrr'it. Hold Kwrjwlirre. au'Wjr
E. O. SMITH.
AVM. ROSS,
BREEDER OF SPANISH or AMERICAN MERINO
Sheep, Pilot Rock, Umatilla county, Oreon.
end for circulars and descriptions ot sheep. Jll
Klntt-Heirted Old Thurlow.
The New York correspondent of the Kern -andina
Mirror tells this touching littlo story
of our good old friend, tho late Thurlow
Weed. ".Mr. Weed was very fond of ani
mals. He used to stand at tho window of his
study and feed all tho sparrows in tho neigh,
borhood. They knew htm as well as the
thoti'ands of peoplo who took off their hats to
him iu the street, and his appearance was the
signal of an amount of chirping and chattering
which would have demoralized any one hut a
confirmed lover of animal". His special pi-ts,
however, were a whito pigeon anil an Italian
greyhound. They were with him constantly
until tne evening iieiore tie men. s im ibu "
hail to be excluded from tho room first, be
cause it insisted in nestling on his pillow clone
by hii withered cheek, and cooing as if to
arouse him to consciousness. It was locked
up in another room and thcro it moaned like
one in distress."
Improvement with Burst).
KnL'ltnd has now been in cultivation i'ir
more than 1000 years, yet by intellectual J
farming and a liberal use of fertilizers), the soil
is still made to produce more per acre than
many farms iu this country, which b-ss than
100 years ago were covered with a very gooa
fori st. A great many farmers will argue that
they have no money with which to purchase
fertilizers, and that their barnyard does not
begin ti supply tho quantity. To them we
can sayi "Do like our cousins across the wa
ter; have a flock of sheep and lit them manure
B
JOHN MNTO,
HEEDKIt OK J1EIUNO HIIKEf,
Halem, iianon uunty, wrt;Ku"
DAVID
GUTHRIE,
nd SPANISH
w-kiirtfiiKlt OF I.ONQ.WOOb
rilio Sheep. Ilalhs Polk County, Orrxoti.
IK
Pure Bred Berkshire Swine
IMPORTED STOCK
My hoar oik witoiK was iiiioi out
from KiiiiUnd and liU d im aa famous prlu
winner. I luto fine iiljs on hand and study lor sale
Also I luvo the hest I, reeds of
linpiirti-il rnliinil Mini Isnlnr,
Imported Irom the lust lUsttrn herds My sows will
m pl- next (-primr. THOMAS CROsM,
ili-cUII Sdlun.Oruon,
OFFICE: No. 167 First Street, between Mor
Srlson and Yamhill, Portland, Oreifos
J.M.IIALSTEn'a
self rcKUlatllur
I.MI'Vll.tTOKi
From 920 up.
Set d for ilescrlp
lito price-list etc.
Tho rou i?ti bred
imultry and eirirs,
1011 llroiulway.
-VjOikland, Cal.
'3 du
II. JARPKN I Kit. II. I).
PHYSICIAN and SURGEON.
(.ate of Salem.)
Olllco up stairs, N. W Cornirof 2d and Morrison St
PORTLAND, ORF.HON.
Will nructli-0 In Portland and surrounding country.
1 auirl-lf
H jtBHSBHOJl IQntWKEmk 9
Ml TT '! ILN , ! ' -1?.'. TaT "S?
!,. Tltf aC- tMKTVI -
b4.5yggsSjM
imiLIO mm
Amrrent Cough Syiup vuret ecu
broucnitu ana consumption.
ght cold;
I mire, ncr doss it consume garbage or vermin, the land. To accomplish thit end more wick
I j : .... - (,I,U. It dnn not er hurdlet must be providid, to that lots largt
, tu.).......-- "...:. I . ti ..:. ..i.. .v. l. !n!,.-.,l
I wallow in the trough it feedt from, but it it a enougn w wuv.i. ". ...,. "
Uanu'a WMto Metallla Ear MarklDK Label, suinpul
to order with name, or rmmo and address and num.
tiers. It is reliable, cheap and uimeulcat. Hellsat
slnbt and gives puicct rutlsfacllun. Illustrated
I'rttt.Ust and samples free. Agents wanted.
C. 11. lM.N'A, West I.ebanun, N. II.
IS A SURE CURE
for all dlseneea of the Kidney and
LIVER
ItLMftpecl&oiisCtionou UU mont important
organ, enALUuff H to throw off torpldU aJ
Inaction, UrauUtlntf tho healthy accretion of
tf.tj UiU, and by Veep.uff the bowel In freo
condition, enocUJUf It regmir cuacnargo,
malaria, have tho chill, 1
nnro It you are ufferlnif from
VI M9 9m iaauria, uave me cauia,
are oUlouJ.dyapeptlt.oi oonitipated. Kidney
Wort will surely relieve and quickly cure.
In the Spring to cleanao the Byitem, every
one ahould take m thorough oouno of It,
II- BOLDBV PRUOtt 8TB. Price I
S. Akin. UcnStll'iU. II B. J'oteh.
U KAaSHHHflC
HV ? Uii IWf) UJmm m BJMLaftaWaeaBM
C-4 lilt uijMTiu M EHTjBH
"3 U EfefeliaPgM
pq -. wmSSK&wM
10. aHPufliSTsatalB
eh K-' if rdH
- HlrHI
10 ' Fp!& !:$P5Kb7
cq u MrafiJeW
pq h JBBKmSM
Sco that our '1 lado Mark "THK LOW and
c. s. & co.,
It tut etery pair.
Eretu J'alr Guaranteed.
janlmS . AKIN, BLXUNO a CO.