Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887, January 19, 1883, Image 1

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Summer Fallowing in Folk County.
. McCoy; Polk Co., Dec. 11, 1883.
Editor Willamette Farmer:
f If yon will stand clear and giro me a little
?imm T will twm t- b,i. fan. aemm am ll...
portant subject of summer fallowing land.
There is considerable of summer fallow in this
rj iju vi mo luuubjr bins bcswU) uuuer Tftnoua
f mnffpR. Hfr'.Tfmonh Watt lita a tat rf ftrt
acres adjoining my farm that he summer fal
lowed. He plowed it in May and June, and
when plowing the most of it the ground was
to dry that there was not a particle of moist
fldirt to be seen. It broke up in large chunks
'land remained that way all summer. When
Mr. Watt got through plowing, ha put his
heep on the land, and it was bad luck to the
heep, for it was very rough for them to run
oyer and the dogs had a good chance to kill
them, or at least it appeared so, as I counted
iwtnty-five that had been killed by dogs, or
died from some other cause while on the sum
mer fallow. When Mr. Watt got through
with his summer fallow he then collected his
forces to save his summer fallow. He cm-
ployed myself and son, with teams, to help
t him. Ho told my son to take a barrow and
for me to take a seeder. My son being but a
I boy, the first day he complained to me that
the clods were so big that he fell down over
them; and the harrow upset. so much that he
could not get along. I went on with my
seeder and the first few rounds I got along
splendid, except that the clods made the
seeder jump a little; but the first thing I
knew I was badly shipwrecked and could not
tell where I had gone. I then reported to
Mr. Watt and tela him my troubles. He told
me to tike a harrow. I did so, and we moved
on. All wetit on very well, except I would
sometimes get a little. out of my coarse. .Mr.'
Watt told me to s t stakes to go by, and I did
o, aod,thn I had 'no trouble to" keep.in line
But the Question is.. what -'eood did it do to
v harrow whea' voii could' not-tell where, vou
had gone J So we went, on, and finally got
tnrougn, ana tne ram came, and" the Wheat
,jand wild oats came up, and it is hard in some
j parts to tell which there is the most of,' wheat
', or oats. At this time it lcoks very well, ex-
ff eept that it looks a little smutt d where the
seeder got out ot its course, out tnat will not
matter much if Mr. Watt's theory is good,
that the winter will freeze the wild oats nil to
death. I hope it will come out all right; if it
does, this is much the cheapest and test way
to summer fallow. '
Now, Mr. Editor, if you will be a little
patient with me I will five you a little of my
experience in Rummer fallow. ' Last summer
a year ago 1 had 50 acres of .land that was
very foul. I plowed it up in February and
March, except tbree acres that I left tovolur
teer for hay, and that, after I cut the hay, I
plowed in July. Six acres of the first I
plowed and planted in beans. My beans came
up and grew finely. I cultivated them well
and kept them as clean as any garden. The
balance I let lay until just before harvest,
when I plowed apd harrowed it well. By the
time I got through with that, wheat harvest
was on hand. 1 got through with that, and
by this time my bean crop was ripe, but alas!
the rain came, and kept coming, but at last
there was a few days that it did not rain, but
kept cloudy. In these few days I pulled and
threshed my beans, amounting to 120 bushels.
Now I thought I had it all right. I took them
in mv hftrn .nil fLf-rpaH thftm nn th flnftr hnfc
, the tint thing I knew they began to smoko.
; Then I thought I would make hog feed out of
them. I cooked up a pot full ot them ar.d
tock them out to my hogs, but the hogs
thanked me and walked away. I could see
no way to save them, so I thought I would
make manure nit of them, and I hauled them
out into my field and poured them out. By
this time I began to think I had all the rota
tion of crops I wanted. When I got my bean
y amn off 1 unwed mv lwan nAteh and hav natrh
to wheat, and the remainder of my summer
fallow I let lay until spring, and then I plowed
it again. This was the third plowing, and
the result was at harvest I had a mess of wild
oats and wheat on all except my bean patch.
On that I had cultivated 10 thorough I think
I growed nearly all the oats, but on the bal
ance when I plowed to kill one crop I turned
another crop up, ready to grow. So yon'see,
when I got through my land waa in very little
better condition for a crop than' when I first
began. My motto will now be to plow once,
while the ground is in good order, say in Feb
ruary and March, and when it is in good or
der harrow it well and let the oats come that
are on top. Then pat the sheep on and culti
vate shallow and kill the crop that ha grown.
Then in the fall sow your wheat and narrow
it in. I think with this mode of summer fal
low you will be sure of a clean crop. j
Tn pnnrlminn- Mr Mttm- T will my, ttiat
J we don't like the change you propose to make f
r in the Wilumkttk Farmer, as we believe it
to be the beat family piper on the coast as it is.
I remain, as ever, yours truly,
Samuel Robbins.
Why Dont They Advertiser
Portland, Jan. 15, 1633.
ditor Willamette Farmer:
Lait week a farmer living some fifty miles
np the valley came to me to enquire where he
onld purchase a gcrd Shcrthorn lull. I fur
nished him the desired information, giving
him the n-racs and addres'es of several gen
tlemen, well Lcown breeders of teat kicdefj
stock. He takes the Farmer and reads it.
In looking over its columns I see not an ad
vertisement of that kind. Now it dors strike
me that men of intelligence and enterprise
sufficient to induce them to breed that kindo'
stock, preserve their pedigrees and recor.l the
animals in the American herd book men like
Reed & Ldd, Geo. W. Dimmick, C. T. How.
ard, and others I might na-ne who do this as
a business for the profit, should go n step fur
ther and let farmers know what they have for
sale, and where they can be found. I have
just looked over the pages of the North Pa
cific Rural Spirit and find only one advertise
ment, that of William Niles of'L'i Angeles,
California, over a thousand miles away, ad
vertising horned stock; also in tho North
western Farmer and Dairyman I find only the
advertisement of the Powell Brother", of
Pennsylvania, four thousand miles away.
Now, what is the iu'erence to bo drawn,
both at home and abroad wherever these
papers happen to circulate ? Why, that Ore
gon has no improved stock of this kind. And
what is tho consequence? Our enterprising
farmers who with to improve their stock and
their dairies send off one thousand or four
thousand miles to supply this want, when
within thirty miles of their own doors they
can procure hotter animals at less cost, and
less than one-tenth the expense, sending their
money entirely or.t of the State, iusttad of
being retained and circulated at hme. It
strikes me, Mr. Editor, that there is a' screw
lose somewhere, and that these people want
stirring up. This is the time of year when
farmers and breeders are looking out for ani
mals for the improvement of their stock, ard
if they cannot find them at home they wil
send abroad for them, and those who have
them for sale will lose the opportunity and
have to keep them over, and will wonder why
their efforts are not better appreciated.
There is not a week' passes but that I have
enquiries of this kind, verbal and by letier,
for dairy cows to purchase, others who wish
to sell, others who have dairies to rent, others
skilled in dairy business seeking employment,
all seeking in'orination of this kind, and
where should they look for it more naturally
than in farm journals; and in what way can
farmers and breeders make known such wants
so cheaply, and so effectually, and to so large
a number las'-tbrcughlthe medium of the
Farmer and farm journals ?
To-day I have had another application from
oneo'f our largest dairymen; he wants two
bulls, and did not know where ta find them;
he says all the large, full grown animals of
that kind are picked up to do service in the
logging teams. So brother farmers adver
tise and let it be kown what you have got.
J. B. Knapp.
A Farmer's Story.
Reedville, Or., January 5, 18S2.
I will in as short a manner as I can tell now
small an amount of money a family can get
along with, and have a good healthy living,
Five years ago last November I bought a
place of 120 acres, because it was good land,
and cheap. The purchase price was $1 ICO,
five years' time, with interest at 10 per cent..
payable annually. There had been a small
piece of ground cleared and one hundred apple
trees set out, about half of which are living
now, but it had grown up in small fir fr.m
ne to five, feet high, and was all to clear over
again. There, was no other cleared land on
the place, and no i fencing except that around
the orchard. I had a good span of hones and
wagon, 3 good average cows, 3 or 4 pigs, 5
hens and 1 rooster, which comonseJ all the
stock I had, and I don't think I hid a dollar
in money. I told my wife that we had now a
place on which to make money, and that we
would have to be as economical as possible
without being stirgy, to which she agreed.
Now the business commences. A memoran
dum ot all we bought was strictly kept. The
first year we bought out of the store a little
over $60 worth ot goods, the second year our
bill was $75, and the third year 833. The
fourth year was extravagant, $130, and the
fifth was very extravagant $151.20. These
amounts include tools and everything except
a one-half interest in a harvester, $53 more.
On the let of January, 1883, I had my note
and mortgage in my pocket. I have cleared
about 30 acres, the most of which wai very
thickly covered with brush and timber. I
think a rabbit would have pulled most of the
fur off of him if be bad run through it The
first and, second crop I lost almost entirely;
but I learned a lesson. I cut my - grain and
left it in the bunch.to care, as it waa oats and
a little green. It commenced raining the next
day, and it .was rain and sunshine until the
sprouts were from one to four inches long,
notwithstanding it' waa spread ' out on the
ground. Finally it cleared off, and we had
fine, dry weather nntil the oats were thor
oughly dry. I had but little hay and no
straw,, to I, hired a man and .hauled our loads,
taking it up with a fork to prevent scattering.
When I went to feed I shook all'fhe oats
out I could conveniently and fed to myhorres,
and the straw I fed to my cows and two year
lings. I only bad enough to feed them a little
night and morning, but I never had cattle to
do as well on timothy bay as they did on that
rotten-looking old straw. They were nearly
as fat in the spring as they were in the fall,
and I believe that 1 could have carried all
that was wasted in my arms. If any of the
readers of the Farmer should ever have any
grain in such a fix try it, and see if it is not
betterthan I have represented. No matter
how big the bunches are if they are dry when
they are put up.
I have one mile of ditch, from 2 to 5 feet
deep, 0 rods of it blicd. I have slashed and
hruth'burned 25 acres, and sowed part to
crass; built a barn 21x48 and 1G feet high I !
have 1 cow, 3 heifers, 2 steers, 29 head of i
stock hogs, 4 cheep, 3 dozen hens, 7 roosters,
6 ducks and enough prk in tho lurrel to
last us n year. lost in the last year 1 row
woith $50 and one horse woith $190. The
chickens and epgs we sold each year, except
last, paid for two-thirds i f all we bought.
We bought no clot mg made np. I bought
cloth that was gocd, and it did not cost half
as much to do us Let me say right here, be
fore I close, that I believe pride in dr ss is
one of the main causes that has squeezed
nine-tenths of the farmers out of tneir homes
in this Stat", that have sold and gone to try
their fortunes somewhere else. If they had
bought in proportion to what they made in
the start, probably they might he doing well
now. When a man is at work his fine clothes
does not make him do any more than ho
would do if he had on common clothes,
patched from top to bottom. Thero is no use
m running to the house to put on fine clothes
if one of our neighbors comes to see us, or
even if we go to see them, We are acquainted
and know whether the other can afford it or
not. If we can't afford it we are talked of,
about as follows : "He or she had better
leave off so many fine clothes and pay their
debts." To close, let us all try to live within
our means, pay cash for all we buy, and pay
where wo please. This is my rule, and 'I
am going to stick tj it.
Old Subscriber.
Sowing Qrasg Seed.
Dallas, Polk Co,, Oregon.
Editor Willamette Farmer :
I am an immigrant. Perhaps you will re
member the undersigned's name. I have
bought near Dallas ; I am going for grass and
stock rather than grain, but all the grass is
killed out. Consequently I have nono at pres
ent, but have already purchased seed worth
sixty dollars, and planted it before the rains
came. Tne natives say that I will not succeed,
but I am going to try. The sed I planted
was two-thirds timothy one red clover, soil
foothill, inclined to clay. But my main object
tu writing is to ssk full information concern
ing a certain grass, called Papalum Ovatum
(French.) Want the English name for it if it
has one, and if the true seed 'can be purchased
in Portland, I believe the report concerning
this grass can be found in tho agricultural re
port of the government for 1879-80. Seeing
your solicitaticns for correspondence, and
knowing your willingness to do all the good
you can for your country and import all the
Information you can to us (poor farmers that
have not quite enough to amalgamate, but
seem to be jealous of each other,) I write this
as an introductory, hoping to be able to repeat
the close. James Douglass.
Answer. We have found a reference to
this grass, under its botanical name, in the
agricultural report for 1870, when the writer
says it is the best grass ho knows of, but that
doesn't give any satisfaction. Perhaps somo
of cur seedsmen who notice the inqury can
hunt up the facts, and make custom by so do
ing. Ed. Farmer.
Portland, Jan, 16, 2SS3.
Editor Willamette Farmer:
Your correspondent ''Farmer," from Polk
county, in your last issue portrays the situa
tion admirably. He has expressed much
within a small space; as the college boys
would say, "mullum in parvo." His letter in
every sentence gives evidence that he takes
the papers, and good ones, too; that he reads,
he thinks, and he digest what he reads; he
understands the situation. And how true ic
is, as he himself expresses it, that it is abso
lutely necessary for a farmer, if he keeps up
with the times, to take and read the papers,
and that he will accomplish more by laboring
only 10 hours a day, and spending the bslance
of the time in reading and recreation, than to
make a beast of burthen of himself and be
everlastingly a drudge. How true it is also
that it makes a vast difference, the kind and
quality of ths papers he takes and reads. The
new departure the Farmer has recently made
in weeding out the trash and giving only a
condensed summsiy of such news as is of real
interest will, I am sure, be bailed with delight
by every right thinking mind. Our dailies
contain too much that is trash, and that ought
to be suppressed; that is fit only for the
bawdy home. In the name of all that is de
cent and moral, why should we be compelled
to place before our wives and children a dish
of slum and cess-pool ? Whose fault but ours
it we continue to tolerate it! Whose fault
but the farmers' themselves If they continue
this senseless life of drudgery f Starving his
mental and intellectual nature, cultivating
only the physical and muscular, and thus, as
your correspondent aptly terms it, making a
beaut of burden of himself.
Here let me quote a sedtencefrom your cor
respondent: ''The cost of a paper is abso
lutely nothing when compared with the ad
vantages it gives a man over him who does
not read." How could we condense more
solid truth iu fewer words ? Here is the evi
dence of an intelligent, wide awake farmer of
the Value and necessity of farmers taking and
reading good papers.
There in a seeming parallel in the compari
son) cur correipondent has drawn between
the American fanner and Ithmael, and a sim
ilar thought has lten often expresicd amonz
fsr.rers ard grangers that the hand of all
other clats.s is turned an'ainst the 'aJrner.
Now, Mr. Editor, I take iisuc with senti
ineut; I fail to we a disposition iu ether class
ts to opprois the farmer. They all wish pros
perity for the farmer. Let u analyze a little
'.f; ' 'TliTjA-.J Hi'T
and get at the bottom tacts. Other classes
read more, think more, are inventive, wide
awake, progressive; they are co-operating and
turning to their own advantage surrounding
conditions and circumstances; they they do
their own business and make the most of it;
they aro looking out for themselves, not for
any other class, nor for the farmer, on the
pricciple, that every man and evry clas
mutt look out for himself, take care of him
self. This state of things has been going on,
is going on, while the farmer has remained
stationary and is left in the background, way
back. The farmer, like tho descendants of
Ishmae), has stood still while tho world has
E regressed, marched outward, and left him
ehind. Tha descendants of Ishmael, the
Bedouins of the desert, hold to-day the same
manners and customs, the same routino life
without change that their fathers did thrco
thousand yi ars ago. When the angel foretold
to Htgar that which has since become a mat
ter of history, ho foresaw his unprogressive
nature; that he would neither tiko a paper
nor read it; that he would not affiliate or co
operate with his fellow man; hence, in all the
succeeding generations he has stood aionn;
"his hand against every man, mid every man
against him. The American farmer's condi
tion is to day just what he has made it, and
whose fault it but his own? And if he con
tinues this same routine, and is Uft behind in
the rage of life, who is to blame but himself?
The world is in motion, and if tho farmer docs
not movo he will be left behind. Again I say,
take the Farmer and read it; take tho Amer
ican Grange Bulletin and read it, and learn
how other farmers are progressive.
J. B. Knapp.
Letter from Colfax, W. T.
Coltax, W. T., January 3d, 1883.
Editor Willamette Farmer:
The weather at present is quite cold, the
snow averaging three or four inches in depth,
and the ground frozen to tho depth of several
inches. We did not have near the amount of
rainfall in this pi rt recently, that fell further
south. The streams were quite high, but not
sufficiently sa so to do any damage of note.
Wheat is worth 55, and oats 45o per bushel,
and hay twelve to twenty dollars per ton, ac
cording to quality, at Colfax.
Very respectfully,
J. V. Arrasmith.
An Inquiry.
Stimjtowm, Jan. 3, 18S3.
Editor Willamette Farmer:
Will some of your many readers please in
form me through the Farmer what will cum
leach lu sheep. SnnscRiiiER.
Mr. Yeomans, writinc to us from WashouJ
gal, W. T., under dato of January 0th, says :
I have had private inquiries by mail, concern
ing the Burrs de Anjou, as it was printed hy
mistake, both in Mr. Ritz's article and mine.
I am sorry it was not corrode d. This reminds
me of the codlin moth of which I spoke to
your son, hut could not quote any authority
at the time, although quite certain of the
spelling. In "Our Common Insects," by A.
S. Packard, page 188, you will find it as
'Coddling Moth,'' or Carpoeapta PomoneUa,
I wish you could get some of the old settlers,
who have proved gooJ, practical, successful
farmers to tell through your columns what
they know about farming in the valley and
hill lands west of the Cascades. Such con
tributions would prove of great value to the
Tenderfoot, and ought to add to the circula
tion of your paper.
Fair Treatment.
Tho Chicago Tribune thinks the Northern
Pacifio was not treated too generously, and
says : The Northern Pacifio Railroad had
nothing but its land grant from the govern
ment, and most of the land when granted was
supposed tu be worthless, as much of it has
since proved to be. The Central and Union
Pacifio not only had enormous grants of land,
but they also had a cash subsidy of
$05.000.000 a sum sufficient to build the
roads without tho sale of an acre of land or
the expenditure of a cent of private capital.
The Northern Pacific, by comparison, was not
too generously treated. It should be remem
bered, too, that the latter road has opened
up to settlement a new and fertile portion
of the publie domain, and has alrtady made
immense additions to the national wealth.
The feeling is very general, In this section
of the country at leait, that no substantial
injustice will be done if the Northern Pa
cifio shall be permitted to go on and com
plete its road under the terms of the origi
nal contract.
A. Life in Danger.
This is the fact concerning every man,
won an and child who has in the body the
seeds ot kidney, bladder, liver and urinary
diseases, from which may spring Bright's Dis
ease of the kidneys Such a prospect is sim
ply terrible; and it is the duty of every one
to be rid of the danger at onee. To do this
infallibly, use lluuta Remedy, the great kid
ney and liver remedy.
The Russian Agricultural Department re
ports the cereal crop of the empire as being
in 1882 above the average. In France the
country markets wire at litest po.Ul reports
largely stocked with inferior wheats and
prices on tbtso dsmp qualities were tending
easier. France will iiipoit considerable
quantities of American wheat during the next
six months.
Would not be without Holding's UursU
Sal v, i j tin verdict of all who use it. Price
- II'V I f'V7
Calitonla Crops and Markets
We tako the following from tho San F.-in-sisco
Commerriaf Herald of January 11th:
The weather is fine and tho crop prospects
exceedingly tncoul aging. The ttock of wheat
in the Stito January 1st is variously esti
mated at 8,000,009 centals, or the rquivalent
cf 400,000 short tons. Much of this is of No.
2, or lower grades. There is very little choice
milling left in the hands of producers. The
wheat market is strong, both for spot and fu
tures. As high at $1.80 per cental is paid
for spot, and $1.83 bid for No. 1, February
and March. Barley is lower, with a fair de
gree of animation at the Call Boards, but at
lower rates than those ruling in December.
Oats aro hteady, with a fair demai'd, the
stock here being well concentrated in few
hands. Corn is lower, with a fair demand.
Rye is motionlcts. Hops aro ot quired for at
a considerable advance upon recent quota
tion!. Hay keeps up well. Potatoes nrrive
in liberal quantities, yet tho market exhibits
firmness. Bran has d clincd to $15 per ton.
Beans are in better demand and at somo ad
vance in prices. Onions have risen in value.
Butter is plentiful and is in buyers' favor.
Clues.' is firm. Eggs are scarce and high, as
well as tallow, miles are unchanged in valuo.
Wool is in largo stock with very littlo
Unite a number of grain chait ra have been
written during the week at a wide rango as to
rates. Considering the large number of ves
sels on the European berth, and the compara
tive high price and scarcity of shipping wheat,
and the 1 w quotations of cargoes en route, it
is surprising that so many ikw engagem nts
are being entered upon. Tho fleet in port on
mc uerin exceeua vv,wv wu. i-risrng igeu
hore and in neighboring ports, 05,000 tons
and to arrive within five months 53,000 regis
terel tons, against 51,000 tons same data hi't
year. As a contrast in tho freight mirkvt,
the British ship Prince Oscar cleared this
week oa a basis of 1 17s Cd to Liverpool. In
1872 the samo vessel went out for Liverpool,
her rate being 5 12s Gil. She had a freight
list at that time amounting to $50,000. The
rango ot the freight market to Cork, IT. K ,
35i!)10 for wood and iron respectively.
Wheat The market is strong for both spot
and futures. No. 1 white is firmly held at
$1 SO, and for February and March delivery
$1 83 t' ctl is bid. At tho former rate liberal
sales have been made for export. No. 2 white
and other lower grades aro now sought after
by shippers, owing to tho scarcity of good
choice lots.
Hops Thero Is a decided cliango for tho
better, with an Eastern demand, which lira
caused a rise in prico of 10c, now quotable at
00&S1 l lb. W. H. aud If. Lo May, under
ilato of Loudon, December 20, report: Thero
is an incicaaiug demand for all descriptions of
hop', Tho market for American hops is qui
et, owinir to the approach of tho holidays, but
prices remain very firm; but any parcclsorced
on tho market would no. rcalizu present
prices. Continental markets aro advancing,
and hop) are being rcslupped to supply their
own brewers, who are intirely out ( stock.
Old hops are in request, both for home con
sumption and export. The imports of foreign
hops into England last week were 1802 bales,
and for the corresponding week last year,
1314 bales.
Wool The market is very alow at this date
under the weight of a 10,000,000 lbs of stock.
We quote choice fall clip at I520c; fair, 13
14c; defective fall, 812.
Cheese Prices aro higher. Stocks of all
kinds are moderate. Western, 1415c; New
York Stato factory, 1810c; California, 13
15c t lb.
Eggs Are scarce at present. California, 35
30o f doz.
Hidos We quote as follows: Heavy salted
steers, 10llct'lh; light salted hides, cows
ami steers, 3045 lbs, 0j; medium do, 46
44 tin, 10c; salted kips, lOJllo; salted cult,
good demand for plump skim, 14l6c; hair
goat, sound skins, 05 f 70c; medium, 50o;
mall skins and kid, 625o each; deer skins,
good summer shins, 3540c; medium, long
hair, 25($30c; poor and winter tkum, 20c;
ahecp skins, shearlings, 2530c; short wool,
UOgOOc; medium wool, GCKgOOc; long wool,
$1(1 35; dry hides, usual selection, lUu; dry
kip, lUc; do, calf, 20c.
Oats Our present stock is well concen
trated in few hands. The spot demand is fair,
but nothing doing in futures. We quote ex
tra choicest $1 00; No. 1, $1 80(a) 1 86; No.
2, $1 72J1 774; Eastern, $1 05 i ctl.
Potatoes The receipts are liberal, vet the
market is firm. Hales aro slow. We quote
CufteyCoveat$l 251 30; Humboldt Red,
HOI 12); Petaluma and Tomales, f 1 15(2
1 20; River Rod, 80S 85c; Early Rose, 90c&
$1 I' ctl.
Tiik greatest favor you can do tho Will
amette Farmer is to get your friends aud
neighbors to become its subecribers. We ex
pect to mske permanent friends when we be
come acquainted, so we want to become ac
quainted as widely as possible.
When carpets are well cleaned sprinkle
with sslt and fold. When laid, strew with
slightly moistened bran before sweeping.
Tlils with tome salt will freshen them up
The Farmer values old frieuds, and hopes
to maintain you all ou its list for '883, Pleaie
look at the date on your tag and try to bu
prompt in payment, for wo can't work with
out money.
91 BOO ur year can be easily made at home
woikingfor h. (i. Hideout & (Jo., 10 Barclay
triH.t, .Sew York, hcml for their catalogue
and full particular!?, il!-ly
NO. 49
Jersey Cattle.
Jerseys hive a weak t ointin their email de
velopment of bono and muscle. Tho limited
area of the Channel Islands is ton heavily
stocked to admit of allowrg them ta ream
over the fields for grimng. They wero teth
ereel out, and prohibited, by such confine
ment, from the exercise iieconsary to develop
large, bony frames and heavy muscles. Mus
cular power is not much rilled fer in such a
state of confinement; and Nature, doclining to
waste energy in producing it, builds up only
such structures as aro adapted to tho situa
tion. Uso determines sizo mid power. Hence
the diminutive frames and muscles of tliii va
riety of cattle. Other conditions being equal,
small muscles indicate a small quantity of
blood and a feeble constitution, with inability
to endu-e hardships and cold. An inspection
of Jersey cows t-ctraj a at once to a physiolog.
ist, their inferiority in these respects, and
their inability to compete in lucged pastures
and cold climates with hardier stock, which,
like tho Dovont. and our common cattle, have,
for long periods, been accustomed to run at
large and "rough it," under circumstances of
ten pretty severe. Imported Jerseys and thoir
immediate descendant) must bo subject to the
effects of tho habits under which tlif-y and
th-ir ancestors havo been raised. Tune will
chnngo them. Raised in this country, where
they havo tho freedom of the fields for exer
cise, they are gradually improving iu size,
muscular development and hardiucB.
Mining In Grant County.
The Grant County JVeiew contains a review
of mining interests in that county during the
past year. It shows that while the bonanza
da) a are over, when placer mining paid great
profits for labor, there is yet money to be
made working placers, and quartz veins offor
inducements for being worked largely when
ever the consti nation of railroads shall make
transportation liotsilile nt reosonalle rates,
Tho iVetr cnumoratra diflcrent creeks on
which 470 men are at work mining for gold.
During the year P3 eiuaitz veins havo boon
located and recorded. A num'cr of them
have been prospected with arastrua sufficient
to show that under favi rub'e conditions they
can bo worked to advantage. In the future
tho mining districts of tho Blue Mountains
will ho operated with loro capital, and made
to add greatly to tho world's cash in hand.
Quaitz veins that contain gedd and silver iu
paying quantity abound, not only on the
waters of John Day river, to the Meet, but on
all tho waters that feed Snake river on the
east. Time and building of railroad will de
velop great riches in Grant county, iir.d in all
other districts that Bin round that mountain
l'unsniiiilliiii Cinrel.
An old physician, rctiicd from practice,
having had placed in his lauds by an East In
dia missionary tho forinul i of a simple vegeta
ble remedy for tho speedy anil permanent
curs for Consumption, Bronchitis, Catarrh,
Asthma and all Throat and Lung affections,
also a positive and radical cure for Nervous
Debility anil all Nervous Complaints, after
having tested its wonderful curativo powers
in thousands of cases, has folt it his duty to
make it known to his suffering felfows.
Actuated by this motive ami a desire to relieve
suffering. I will send free of charge to (11 who
desire it, this recipe, in German, French or
.English, with full directions for preparingand
using. Sent by mail by addressing with
stamp, naming this paper, W. A. Norm, 14
Power's Block, N. Y. 3-rao.
All are looking forward to better and more
prosperous times next year, wheu tho rail
road shall have been completed into the
valley and a ready market thus lm created for
tho many products which neither Baker or
Umatilla counties can furnish so easily and ia
such quantities. This season much grain and
fruits have been shipped to thesu places,
tending to make prices better. As high as
$1 per bushel for wheat is being pai 1 now by
'oval millers, who find no troiihlu in ditpisiug
of flour at $3 per barrel Apples aro worth 2)
cents per pound, and uried plums and prunes
are sold at 14 cents, undelivered at that. If
some of those farmers on the McKeniie could
transfer their orchards into this valley they
could count on a snug incomo frcm those
alone. Even in a land noted for its abundant
grass and hay, beef, pork, etc., command a
good figure, 8 to 10 cents being the ruling
rates. Game of many kinds ia plentiful, par
ticularly deer. tile, prairie chickens and
ducks; Your correspondent has bagged sev
eral over a hundred chickens in the last
month, and a very choice pot pie thoy oati be
concocted into, Union County Cor, Kwene
The following is the amicsaiuent roll ou file
in the County Clerk's room in Liuu county.
It shows a healthy ttato of affairs- Number
of acres of laud, 410,028; total value, $.'1,750,
165; number of acres of railroad land, 30,143;
value, $10,813; value of town lots, ?t)'.'U,20l;
improvements, $30(1, CI!) ; luirchandim and
implements, $700,805; money, notes, accounts,
store of stock, etc., $t ,fl.'lfl,77l , hoim-hohl
furniture, watch, etc., $'.'28,221; horses and
mules, 70.10; vslue, $380,431; cattle, 10,70'J;
value, $102,560; sheep, 40,104; value, Vi,'
Mil; swine, 0051; value, $l!),2lll. Gross
valuo of property, $7,838, 131; indebtedness,
$1,771,011; exemptions, $102,787,' taiahlo
property. $5,574, 73'J; number nf polls, 1011
(lull clubbing rate wv the samo wu have
always had, ami fur moru lrUnl than any
other newspaper we know of give. Foe evi ry
M.W naino nut now ou our list, ami $2.50 fur
the year's miWilptiuu will receive four
montlit' credit on his own time.