Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887, September 08, 1882, Page 3, Image 3

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E1 1 ltd by lira Harriot T. llarkr.
I muse alone, aa tho twilight falls
Over the gray old castle walls,
Where a sleepy like thioujjh the lazy hours
Crisply inirrers tho tiinc-worn towers;
Anil soiree a whisper rustics the eeilc,
Or a ripple heps to the water's edge,
A9 far auel wide on the tireless stream
The matted water lilies dream.
I stord, in the (juiet even' fall.
Where, in the ancient banquet hall
Over the htarth, is n panel placed,
By some nsrentitie tinsel chased,
Showing a slender, graceful child,
In the glowing robes of a wood nymph wi'd,
Bendiug over the wavy Hood
As she btoopj to gather a lily bud.
In word1) as quaint as the carvine old,
An aged dame the story told,
How an Kail's daughter, l.ng ago,
A strange, pale child, with n I row of snow,
Uad loved, and Inst her life for the sako
Of tho lilies that grew in her father's lake,
Holding tlum ever her favorite flower;
Till o.ice. in the hush of .1 tuilignt hour,
Floitine among them, out in tho stream,
Wheicthepjssionlesi blossoms nod juid dream
They found herljing, white and dead,
"Like a sister liiy," the old dame said.
And a sadm ss, born of tho old wc rid tale,
Haunts me still, while the starlight palo
Gleams en the li aves, so green and wet,
Where the changeless lilies are floating yet,
And a metsauc 1 fain would reail aright,
Sctmi to link in each chalice white,
A st ere t, guarded fold on fold,
As it guards its own deep I eart of gold,
And only t Id to tho listening car
Of him who humbly tries to hear.
OhI mjstic blossom floating theic,
Thing of the wiiler. thinu of the air,
Wo claim thee still, as wc hold the dead,
Anchored to earth by a golden tin cad.
Good Wcnlt.
There is a committee of ladies at work who
have been requested to take measures to col
lect cutiosities, worki of art, antiquated nrti
ales, etc., to be exhibited at tho coming State
Fair at Salem. Space was given in the Pavil
lion last year for this purpose, and proved to
be a most interesting feature. There was no
public call mado at that time for the loan of
articles, yet with tho small efforts mado in a
limited circle there was a creditable display of
all torts of things antique china, old spoons
articles with a history to each. Hours c uld
be spent pleasantly ameng these old-time
relics. A little public spirited canvassing
would not fail to bring out enough that was
ancient, artistic or curious to stay the feet of
the wanderer.
Mrs. A. A. McCully is at the head of divi
sion S, under which this display come1; Mrs
Aurora Watt Bowman is Secretary. So any
one who possesses anything that comes under
the head of puriositics will do a public favor
by allowing thcin to be used fur exhibition.
Any communication addressed ta the Secre
tary will bo answered. Any article left with
the committee will be carefully handled, with
with no danger of loss. Glass cases are pro
vided for small ard Valuable article, Oiegon
ladies should feel an individual interest in tho
success of the fairj and there may be some
who cannot find time to maic anything to
exhibit, yet who might in this way, do much
to help out the interest of the fair. Almost
every fati.ily in Oregon has some relic of tho
past. Away up one of tho little riverj thf t
run into tho Cjlumhia, in a wild, out ol-the.
way settlement, chance took us to a little
house where was on old bachelor, a character
such as Dickens w ould have made immortal,
who had piled up over the rafters, under the
bed ond in boxes and trunks all sorts of curi
ous things. Ho had a copy of old Morse's
Geography, buckles that were on tho shoes of
a revolutionary ai cestor, ancient coins, curi
ous Indian relics and carvings, petrifactions
and bottled nondescripts.
On another trip away up the Santiam
Mountains we saw a a family tablet, printed
with a pen, done by the hand of Lincoln dur
ing evening hoars by the light of a "tallow
dip" while he was get'ing out those rails, and
done for the man in whose family he boarded
at that time. Let every rea Jer of the FARittR
try and do something for this exhibit.
St. Helen's Hall.
This school opened in Portland on the 4th of
September, under tho supervis 011 of Bishop
Morris, of the Episcopal Church. As a school
for girls it takes the lead in Oregon, and par
ents or guardians will find it advantageous
not only in giving a solid, thorough education
to pupils, but also in giMng attention to tne
deportment of those committed to the Inard
ing school, whero scholars are constantly un
der the eje aud supervision of the Misses
Rodney, who have done much to advance tho
school by personal influence and example.
We would also call attention to the Bishop
Scott Grammar School, which is a boarding
and day school, under the supervision of J,
N. Hill. The building is in a healthy location,
and where parents are assured of kind,
watchful care over their hojs, the Head Mu
ter residing in the building with the boys. It
it a good school preparatory to a college, giv
ing a thorough groundwork in the funda
mental branches.
String Bean can be preserved for use in the
winter in this way : First, string the beans,
then cut them in pieces about two inches long,
and put them in a brine of the strength used
for cucumber pickles that is, about a cup of
alt to a gallon of water; keep in a covered
jar. When you with to use them take them
ont and wash them; let them stand in cold
water for several hours, then scald them; if
not fresh after one scalding repeat the opera
tion. The housewife ho contributes this
bint has tried this lucceisfullyyear after year,
and ha never failed to have what appear like
new string beans in mid-winter. It is very
little trouble to prepare them, and they help
to give variety when It is difficult to know
what vrgetallta to bay with dinner.
Pickled Tomatoes Always use those which
oro thoroughly ripe. The small round ones
are decidedly best. Do not prick them, as
most recipe books direct. Let them lie in
strong brine three or four days, then put them
down in layers in our jars, mixing with them
small unions and pieces of horse radish; then
pour on tho vinegar (cold), which should be
first sriced as for peppers; let there bo a spice
bag to throw into every pot Cover thcui
carefully, and set them by in tho c.llar for a
full mouth before using. Another Way:
Take unall tomatoes, not very ripe; scald
them until the skins slip olF easily, and sprin
kle salt over them. After they havo stood
twenty four hours, drain off tho juice and
pour on boiling hot pickle, composed of one
pound of sugar to every quart of vinegar, and
two teaspoonfuls each of cinnamon and clovis;
drain off the liquid, aud pour it on them
again, every twn days for a week, and thev
will rtquiro no further care.
Spiced Vinegar for Pickles. The following
is an old and good recipe : Bruiso in a mor
tar two ounces of black pepper, one of ginger,
one half-oiriicc of allspice and ono ounce of
salt. If a hotter pickle is desired add half a
drachm of cajenno or a few capsicums. Put
these in a stone jir with a quart of vinegar,
and cover with a bladder wetted with the
pickle, and over this a pieco of leather. Of
course any way of ovcriug tqually tight will
answer. Set the jar near the fire for three
days, shaking it tlnce times a day. To save
time it is usual to simmer the vinegar gently
with tho spices, which is best done in au en
cmeled saucepan.
Beau Pickes. One of tho most delicious
pickles one can have at this time of year uy
be made in this waj, and they will bo ready
for immediate uso : String the beans as for
table use, and place them in boiling water,
salting to taste. Let them remain until well
scalded, not cooked, drain them off and place
them in cold vinegar. Add spices if you like
Let the beans rtmain in tho vinegir till well
c ioled, when, if tie vinegar be pood and
strong, they are ready for use. They are ten
ler and delicious.
Beetioot Pickles. Simmer tho roots till
about one-third cooked (fiom one and a half
to two and a half horns); tike out ai.d pee,
and cut in thin slices. Place in again and
pour ol sifLvitnt ccld spiced vinegar, made
as above, to cover then..
Chloride of Lime, when used as a disinfect
ant ab ut the rooms, of a houso should be dis
solved in water one pound to three gallons
of water. Sprinklo on the floor or bed clothe",
as it will not stain. Infected clothing should
be dipped in it.
Fly Poison. Boil one quarter of an ounce
of small chips of quassia in one pint of water;
add four ounces of molasses. Flies like it, and
1 will destroy them.
Quick Puff Pudding. Stir one pint of
flour, two teaspoonfuls of baking powder and
.ittle salt into milk until very soft; place in a
steamer some well greased caps; put in cash
a spoonful of batter, then one of lerrits,
steamed apples or any sauce convenient, coer
with another spoonful of batter and steam
tw enty minutes. This pudding is delicious
made with fresh strawberries and eaten with
a suce of two eggs, half a cup of butter and
one cup of sugar, beaten thoroughly with a
cup of boiling milk and cno cup of straw
berries. Hulled Corn. Takes three quarts of corn,
thiee quarts of wood ashes, six quarts of
water; boil tho ashes in the water and skim
of! tho scum, which will rise to the top, then
strain the lyo and put into a clean kettle with
the corn; boil until the skins break easily
from the kernels, skim out tho corn, rinse it
thoioughly in several waters, tho last time
rubbing it; let it stand in cold water for ten
or fifteen minutes, when jou can rub off the
black chits; rinse atain, put back into kettle
with clean water and boil till tender. Eat in
milk and with sugar and cream.
To Picklo Green Peppers. The peppers
should be gathered quite young; the bell pep
per is tho best for pickling. Cut one side ot
tho pepper open so aa not to injure the shell
of the pepper. Then put tlum into boiling
salt aud water, changing the water every day
for a week, keeping them in a warm place by
the fire. Stir them several times a day,
They first become yellow aud then green.
When they are a fine tjreen put them into a
jtr and pour cold vinegar over them, adding
A small piece of alum. Thty require no
spice. You may stuff tho peppers as jou do
To Pieklo Onions. Take verysirall onions,
and with a eiiarp knile peel them. J'ut them
into salt and water and let them stand in the
brine six da) a, Mining thcui often, and
changing the salt and water every two da) s.
See that they are closely covered. Then put
the onioiiS into jars and givo them a scald in
boiling salt and water. Let them stand till
they are cold; then drain them in a sieve,
wipe them dry, and stick a clove io the top
of each and put them into wide-mouthed
bottles, adding a few blades of mace and a
few slices of ginger. Fill up the bottles with
the best cider vinegar, and put in the top a
large spoonful of salad oil. Cork tho bottles
tight and seal.
Lemon Custard to serve with cake is made
of four eggs mixing the whites of two one
cup of sugar, one cup of cold water, a lump of
butter half the size of an egg, one tablespoon
ful of cornstarch rubbed smooth in a little
cold water; grate the peel of a Urge lemon,
and squeeze the jui:e in; beat all together;
then bake in cups just a you do with cus
tard; leave a space at the top of the cup for
the beaten white of the eggs. Wkile the cus
tard is baking whip the eggs, adding three
UblespoonfaU of powdereeLsugar. When the
custard is done take from the oven, spread
therggon smoothly, then set back in the
oven till the white turns a delicate brown.
This is delicious with white sponge cke, and
with fruit cake also.
ifofi Tlnt !tfl ..rcti.
A is for the Apple-blossoms
Coining w th the Spring.
B is for the Buttercups
The merry May will bring.
C it for theCnicus-buds
Pushing tin ouch the mold,
D is lor the Dnietelioni
Willi their crowns of gold.
K is for Elder-blooms,
White as driven snow.
F is fir the Fl-iwer du-luce
That 'mid the tushes glow.
G is for tho meadow -Grosses
Wa ing evcrj w here
II is for the Honey-suckle
Seeming all the air.
I is fur mIc hours
Spent ln-gatl eiing posies.
J is tor the iov.lv June
With her wreath of l cites.
K is for Katy-elids
And all their endless chatter.
L is for tho Lily-pads
Floating on the water.
M is fo- the Morning l lories
Flowering high and low.
N is for the downy NVsts
Where t c birdies grow.
0 is for Orioles gay,
Singing loud and tweet.
P is for the Poppy-heads
Flashing through the nhcat.
Q is for the Qniueas, hanging
Gulden in the sun.
H is for the 1 ttlei rills,
Laughing as they iuii.
S is tor tho Sliver gloiy
Of the harvest moon.
T is for the Tender light
Of Nature's afternoon.
U is for tho Under biush,
Where lia.cl-mits aro browning,
V is for the lu-cious Vines,
With their purpl crowning.
W is fcr Woodbine, when
The (.recn and golden blends.
X is for the exodus
Of robins and wrens.
Y is fnr jellow leaves
That set the wnoda aglow.
Z is for the pcntle 'A phyrs
Vanished Ion? aeo.
Is not quite empty, but as there aro so few
letters on hand, Aunt Hetty thought Bhe
would change the piogrammo a little, givinn
a little story and a little talk before the story
comes. There are none of our young folks
born in Oregon or Washington who know or
can realize how oppressive the heated sum
mers are in most of the Eastern States. City
childien Buffer tearfully, for the stone walks,
brick houses ami hot streets l.evcr cool of) in
all e m ght long. A sheet is oppressive for
covering, and hen the musquitoes lio in wait
to finirli the hours of the sleepless night.
Farmers suffer too, though of course" not so
much, but the harvesters get up in the morn
ing almost as weary as when they went to
bed. When I remember these sultry nights
and hut days I feel so thankful that we livo
where the climate is so charming, whero we
get up invigoiated and fresh to take on tho
burden of life og-vin. This little Btory will, I
hope make (fvciy ono of jou satisfied with
jour lot, and thankiul for fresh air and plenty
to eat. JuBt such scene aro happening every
dj', and it it good that there are manj-rich
people who feel sorry for poor children, and
aro w illing to gi e mone y to make such little
ones happy, if only for one daj Just think
of a little boy who had never seen a treo I
Sometimes it seems in reading the papers that
the world was mostly filled with wicked
people, and then again a story like this shows
that there aro plenty of good, generous peoplo
left in the world, though it it. notalwajs the
rich who are generous; theio are many who
give who have little themselves. It takes so
little to make a child happy; pleasant w ords
and a sweet kiss that don't cott anything will
make a little one hanpy all day long. So, if
happ ness is so cheap itimmbir this when
little brother is sick or fretful; think how
etsv it is to put sunshine in their little
We have in New York City a number of
kind-hearted ladies and gentlemen, who have
arranged a plan by which the little girls and
boys of our sheets are taken in great lioat
loads to different parts of the country round
about, where thej' spend a week or two piny,
ing in tho green field', catimr good food and
drinking rich milk, and enjoying themselves
to their heart's content, gaining meanwhile a
stock of health and strength that lasts them
many elays after their return to the warm
On a hot evecing in July, one of these ex
cursions left the New York pier, bound for
the beautiful country bonlcring on Like
Champlain. A steamer had been chartered
for the trip as far as Truj', and from there a
railway train v, as to take tho children to the
From end to end tho great beat was filled
with wonder-eyed and rather awe-stricken lit
tlo girls, and somewhat subdued but mis
chievous looking bo s. All of them were pro
vided with luggage for a two weeks' stay in
the country, but there seemed to bo a great
difference in treir ideas of how much to bring.
A little paper bag tied with a piece of string,
and au empty basket, w ere all one very serene
looking little ft How had brought. Many of
the girls brought their watdrobes packed in
their school satchels, and one little lass had
under her arm such a box as a gentleman's
suit generally conies home in from the tailor's.
In the wistful little faces that peered out
over the rail could be read stone too sad to
be more than hinted at to onrjoung people.
Here were little girls and boys who had never
felt the green sod under their feet, nor picked
a flower, but who had spent all their lives
penned up in treat towering houses, their
only play-ground the buruimj roof, a hundred
feet above the streets.
It did not take the little passenger long to
get used to their surroundings, and long lie
tore the darkness carnu the de;k of the good
iteiincr Minnie Cornell was alive with such
pranks as only city urchins ever think of. At
nine o'clock, mattresses w ere spread upon the
cibin floors, and without any eptctal prrpara
tion, except that some of the boys took off
their hats and stuffed them inti their coat
pockets, the children 1 ly down to sleep.
Long before the sun came up next morning
the forward deck swarmed with little folks
eager to catch the first glimpse of green fields
and blue hills. It was hero that your artist
siw a bright littlo boj- holding n very largo
satchel, on which was painted in cccentuc
letters, "Jeiry Dojle, Avenue A.'1 Bes de
him a tiny. littlo fell iw sat swinging his feet
in a verj contented manner.
"Me and Tim aro bavin' a boss time," smd
Jcrrj-. "We had a state loom on do ciln'n
floor, lajin' crosswise on a mattress. Wo
didn't allow any snorin', and when any feller
tried it, we hauled him roun 1 tho deck by the
hrcls till he quit. Thero was a man there to
see we didn't nono of us walk in our sleep. I
don t believe he cnjovcel lusself much."
Hero Tim interrupted the thread of his
brother's nirrativo to inquire wl at that
er. ok'd thing was on tho hank, and Jcrrj-,
who had been up to Tompkins Square once,
replied that it was a tree.
At Troy, four hundred and sixty-seven hap
py hut very hiinurj- j-nungsters left tho boat,
aud nnrehed through the streets, liko nn in
eading nrnij-, tn a public ball, whero tables
loaded down with good things auaited them.
It would be l'npissiblo to tell whether th-ir
host, Mr. Slicpaid Ttppau, or his little guests,
cujoyed the occasi in most. I rather think
tint ono little fellow who climbed up on the
platform, and drummed upon the grand pia
no with his list", while) some of tho bojs
pelted him with biscuits, had the best time of
On the way to the depot, after breakfast,
all tho early risers of Troy were out waiting
to seo the children pass by.
Whon the special trniu drew up at a little
station ou tho shore of Lake Champlain, a
verj' lively eentleman, with a notebook in his
hand, jumped to the ground, followed hv fifty
or sixty little folks, who were no sooner off
tho cars than they rushed into the fio'd of
butteicups and daisies that skilled the track
to gather bouquets.
After shaking hands very rapidly with the
fnremnst (fngrnupof kind hearted farmers
who had come down to welcomo their little
guests, aud handing nuo of them a list of the
children's names, the lively gentleman wes on
tho cars again, and tho train was out of sight
n a moment.
My fiionds Jerry and Tim were among the
number to get off at the station, and a few
daj's after, while riding by a fine old farm
hou'e, I was gieeted by n "Hi, mister 1" trom
Jerry litnmlf.
"Mo and Tun is pittiu' up at this hotel,"
said ho. "You ouiihter seo ir.o apirtnients !
Mrs. Biomley in the lady w hat li v es hero. Tim
calls Mr. Bromley 'I'atlie'r.' He promised to
tnko Tim out with him to hoo coin or 'taters,
or Bomepin this niornin'; so as toon as break
fast was over, Tim shoulders the hoc, and
says he, 'Com, fa' her, if you want to lice-,
eomewithine; you must hunj' up.' Didn't
they smi'e! Of course, I don't tay nothiii' to
tlieni," continued Jeny, confidentially, "hut
I think the milk out lien, is kind of thick
We all went to church Sundas I rodo on
horseback this nioriim'. Tho horsos hero is
miro frisky than the sheet-car horses, nml
theie ain't nn lumps on their knees. Thm
ain't any milkmen or orgm grinder like there
is on Avenue A, but I liko to wado in brooks
better than our LjuttT,"
Here a little girl came up, with a wreath of
daisies around tier head, and littlo inn tail
rouud her chasing . i butteillv. Jerry inn to
lie li him, and tho happy childien soon ilitap
peared in the tall shrubbery nf the farm ar-l.
Black Walnut Tree Planting
Theio may be an item of general inteiest in
the following for our farmer friends, the young
people especially. The item comes from tho
Uisinaick Tribune. That paper says:
Some days ago tho Tnlnuie referred to the
successful planting of walnut trees on Col.
Lounsberry's farm, near Bismarck. Ho has
200 or 300 of them grown from tho seed, and
they aro the thriftiest looking trees he hr.a
on his farm. It is au undisputed tact that
walnut will thrive in this section. 'I his be
ing a fact, tliu fanners should undei stand tho
immense profit thero id in raising walnut
trees. There is more profit in raising walnut
trees than in raising wheat or any other kind
of grain. Walnut lumber, f' r instance, is
now worth from SIM to J00 per 1,000 feet,
and in ll to 2." jears walnut will grow sulli
cieutly large for lumber.
Writing on tho saino subject, a correspond
ent of a Chicago paner has this to say
I leceutly iite.l tho home of au Illinois
fanner. Referring to liii- walnut grove lio
said. "Thesu trees weio planted fiuui tho
Hal just twenty years ao. I saw them
pla-i'ed They now measure 10 inches
through. They would saw into lumber a foot
clear of black Wkluut boirds, and then have
the top, limbs and stump left. 'J lio stump
it-elf would tell to-day for &i, to be sawed In
enters. Tho boards would Iw worth Sl!0."
"What could y:u soil those trees for Vj lum
bermen as they stand!" I asked, "I could
.sell them for 25 per tree, and in ten years
from now they will be worth 3'0." From
theto facts 1 came to theconclusiou that a black
wslnut tree will pay SI. t!5 per jiar for the
first twenty eii. A thousand of thein will
pay SI.'JOO a year. Now, every Illinois far
mer has it in his power to make moie money
off ol a row of hUck walnut trees around his
f rm than if sowed in wheat. , How can it do
it 'Ibis way: A farm of 1 DO acres would
be 10,500 feet in circumference. Now plant
walnut trees four feet apart all around it, and
ynu will have '2,160 tret,wliich will be wurth
$25 apiece in 2.5 jear. Aijain, a farmer can
set all his doughs, low places and all hog pas.
tures in black walnuts. Two thousand hand
some trets growing on a farm would bu worth
$50 000 iu twenty years, and would not in
terfere with the farm at all.
The fact that walnut trees grow rapidly in
this country, makes the above statement of
peculiar siguifuuce,
P.I-IjDImi's It uwia Salve is the most wonder
ful healing medicine iu the world. Try it.
Ou-ck, CT.aii.Itts curs, sll snnoi lujr f.iiii.ty. I'ladutr
sad I'ruurjr liwaei. II. UruiarUt!,
Preservation of Railway Timber.
The moisture of the soils in the south is
vcrj- destructive to woods emplojcd as the
bed tor i.nlway track, and managers have
been troulleil to kiuw what is the must eco
nomical me. hod ltr obviating loss resulting
from this cause, Creusoting has been resort
ed to. Several works, with largo capital'
have beeu established at St. Louis for the
treatment of wood by the creosohug piocifes,
aud in Texas the treatment has been applieel
along the lines as construction was pushed
forward. This method, however, is enn i !
tred rather te.o expensive. Some railwaj men
havo concluded that tho silantus and catalpt
will prove to be the cheapest and most dura
ble wool fur ho and Ludge timbers. One
company, whoso road extends oUcfly over
prairio 1 mils, is having a largo p'lintiitiou
seeded for those tiees iu equal proportions.
Both tho catalpa and ailantus aro readily pro
pigatcd fiom the seed, aid hear seedpods
ahund'iut'j'. Another company whose toad
enters Texas, is ai ranging ti plant scveial
hundred acies of these tress in that State.
Kven tho Iron Mountain Compaiij-, that prob
ably own's more heavily timbeacd laud than
any other in tho country, has con tine ted for
the cultivation of a cxtnlpa farm near on of
Is stttious in Missouri. On this road aic ca
talpa tics that were laid nearly fifteen ears
ago, and are appaicnlly as sound as ever. It
is authenticated that iu southern Ohio, wheio
ono species of catalpa is indigenous, thero are
posts and timbers ot this wood that havubeeu
in tho ground a full century and yet show no
signs of elcc.iv. These aro hard j' heus, mil
of a very rapid grow th. Although tho ailan
tus is nn imp tuition lroin Lhtnft, Bt ill it and
ho catalni scoiu to find in climates and soils
of Missouri, Arkansas and Texas, just what
tuej' require to tnrivo upon.
Potting Calla Bulbs.
Will your correspondent on Cillas pleaso
tell us if, in p tting in autumn, sho separates
ill the small bulbs from the main one, nud
oblige a subscriber?
Carefully scale oil all the small bulbs if you
vvant good bloom. Theso may be potted sep
arately if you wish to increase your stock.
Tho samo rule will hold good in all bulbs that
aro potted fnr bloom, Somo persons pot first
in a four or livo inch pot, and when tho plant
has mado good growth, transfer into a six,
eight or ten inch pot, accoreling to the sio of
tho bulb, aud prcfcraiilj' into one of the pots
mado especially for water lilies. Tho bulb
should lave only water enough to keep tho
soil moist until the roots aie firmly estab
lished, after which tho plant likes plenty of
water; and this should never bo given at a
temperature of less than eighty degiecK.
Many persons suppose the Calla lilly will
not bloom out of doors. On tho contrary
they aro among tho most serviceablo of out
ih or dcunrativo plants, and will bloom in a
shallow poud of water, or in a suitablo tub
set in a larger ono containing water, or iu n
tub kept thoroughly wateied with tepid water
The pot or tub should not be less than twelve
or fourteen inches across, sixteen or eighteuu
is better, having handles for moving it. Fill
this with licdit and heavy rich loam, or prat
mil loam, the largest root in tho ceutci, and
the smiller ours around the outside, covering
two inches deep. It should be placed where
i will get full light and heat, anil with an
lhumlaiico of water, 'llius it will make a
magnificent object, and bloom freely. Such
plants may bo wintered iu a light collar that
does not frcce.
Pruning Orapos-Llce on Apples
1. I have a vineyard of Concoid giapts
thri-o jears old tnis summer. Thoy mado i
heavy crop last year at two j'tars old; this
spring I cut them back near the ground; thej
have put out half doen vines near thugiouud
and will now measure about four to eight feet
long. What must 1 do toward trimming this
winter, how many vines to leave and at what
length to cut hack? 2 I also have 800 npphi
true, all full of lice. Will they injure tho
) 1111114 trees? I am uneasy about them.
A.N'jvvnt. I et. It would havo been well
to hive rubbed off all but two of the strong! st
shootu last spring, and let the wholu strength
of tho vino expend itself in making these two
stiong and vigorous, instead of cxi ending it
telf among a half doen. Had you douo this,
one could havo been trained on stake or trellis
to bear a rrop next year, and tho other cut oil
near its base to allow a fresh vine to spiuig
up from it to bear fruit the year after. As it
Is, the best you can do will be to select tho
strongest vino next winter and train it to
stake or trellis aud cut off all others. lieu
shoots appear ill spring, leave ;nly one strong
and healthy ono and tub off all others us they
21. Thau are two kinds of lieo which in
fest apple trees, one covcied with wool and
the other not. Hie woolly aphis is very de
structive to thu apple, infests its roots as noil
as nooks on its steins and branches, and sucks
out its life blood Tho other variety, which
infrsts the tender extremities of tliolj'iancli-H,
may bo destroyed by drenching with stioug
tobacco water probably, olko, by dusting
with Pcrsinu insect powder, though we have
neve i seen it tried uu that paiticular in.se et.
Why docs not the proprietor of Amimn'a
Cough Syrup publish Ustimouioln fiom those
who have been cured or relieved by his medi
cine The answer is, the greatir the hum
bug thu morn testimonials they publish.
Ammcii's Cough Svrup is no humoug, and to
prove that and let it stand on its own merits,
a lii-ccnt sample bjttle is pieparol, which is
certainly more convinc.ug than a tcstunoni.il
from a stranger. Large bottles, , Ask
your diuggUt for it.
A Skvit.e AtX'lUKNT. A son of Judge Ben
llavden met with a severe accident on Tours
day afternoon, says the SlatHiiMU, resulting
iu a contusion of the brain such as to render
him insensible. It is not known Just li'iw it
recurred, but it is supposed to have been by
a fall from a hone. Young Hayden hail gone
into the field alone and was found at dark liv
his father in this condition. The jnung man
was brought to this city and is being carefullv
attended. At prc.ent it Is thought he will
soon recover.
The ecu n try is flooded with circulais of
quacks slid their nostrums. Do not bo caught
by theie swindling vultures, but use remedies
which are compounded ujoii a scientific basis,
as the Oregon Blood Purifier, introduced by a
standard house.
Mothers Hlto, and Physlolans
rcoomtucuel it,
World's grant l'niji-ltelicvlug
ranicilies. Xlicyhoul, soothe and
nml iihcumnti.Mii iipum jMnii.
anil Sprahis, Galls, aii(lTaiiio
ncv upon Beasts. Cheap, fpilcl;
mid reliable.
i w r.v w; irwrcr.T' wwrrrm " vnsf
SPURTS cf disgusting Moons,
SnuiUos, Crnoitlkip; Pajia in tht
Henel, JTotieX Eroreth, I3c.aixu.as, nne?
nny Cntnn-luil Complaint, can boox
toiiuinntort liy Wei Do Meyer'
Cntnjrh Cure, it Coustltutloiin.1 Anr
tidoto li Absorption. Tho most Irn
portaui Discovery since Vacolnatiort
teTr-TyLtriwr-i.ciTf .
Ague mixture
Chills and Fever oro permanently
cured by Ir. Jnyuc'sj Agnc mix
turc. With a littlo caro on tho part
of tho pntiont to avoid exposure, and
tho occasional uso of JayniVs Sana,
tivi: rin.H,tlils romody will bo found
(o bo cortuln In Its opcrntlon, and rad
ical In Uh oflbcts. In many noctlom
of tho country subloct to Ague anc
other mtiUiri.il ellneusca It has nn eit
tnbllnlioel churactor oh a pupulur npo
clllu for theso liarrasidiig complaints,
ixnel tho inimbor of testimonials re
ceived show that Ita reputation H
('onstuiitly Increasing.
Intermittent and Remittent Fevers
Aguo Mixture. In theio com
plaints curu should bo taken to follow
the directions closoly, and especial
uttoutlou givon to tho liver, which
should bo assisted In performing its
functions by I)h. Jaynk'hSanat ivk
For sale bj Hodge, Pivii.lCo, I'ortland.
v JZ ! . & sJL-
J u l'i iHroi.'uru
l'ui-nll UinMil'iiliirulCiMiilililliiUiiii.l Wciil.nMis
o uauiiniiii tu uur Lent fcimilopupulutliin.
A Mi illclno for II uniari. Iini-nti-i! tir a Wcimsn.
Trepan el by a Wo nan.
fk. f'mli.1 nUial M-.Tcr; Uo:tl. t HUl.rf.
tiPHrflTlres tin drooping Miltf, InfltforsUi snj
h irni iiiUjs tas organic f audio is, clvea elasticity fto4
flrmuouito lliosUp.mitrirojttitiniturAl lustre tolti
ey, an J I Uuts on the rude cltix.l of woman ttitt fresb
row ot llfo's viirlfitr hti.1 on rly summer tliuo.
r"Philclins Uso It anl i'rejcrlbs It Fred; -W
It remorn Mlntnew, lUtuI mcr, elostrujs ll erarlmr
for stluiuUnt, and reUores woa'awossoC tlto stomach.
Tliat Tin ltnr ot Lwnrtria' ilowu, i-aci-Jiii; ln, wclg-lit
anl Iwi-fcaiiQe, la attrnrniiemwiorit'ruiCKllyltf u
For tli cure or Kidney Cuiaatntaorrltkcr aas
Ikla CompuuuJ la wpauraaaed.
il irodiiato over re citra or Itumura Irim !!
111'XmJ. ami vitro lotto an.1 ttmitti to tun ijattm, of
loan woman or cUtd. Iio.Lt on Iiavuitf It,
Until tho Comio.jnd an 1 Dlood rurlnrr aro ir rod
attn&ndlUl Vratcra Arenuo, Iron, tlas. rrleoot
either, tU Mi Intuitu for t. Kent Ly mall In tho font
of j'Ula, or otlos.nea, onrwalptof prloo, trbos
for either, lira. Ilnsham I roeljr ajuweni all l ttor( of
taiinirj, LiKloeoSetkUiup Bend for pamotlvt.
Ko family ahould without I.YOM E. 1'IVKTI IM
UVKU l'II.L.1. llier euro oonrtloaJlf.il, ULouamea,
andtofvLdliyof ineUver. UcauCalHruoC.
xrold br ull llruxiU.a.-aa ()
DRS. A. S. & Z, 13. NICHOLS,
Homeopathic Physicians and
Itoouia CD, 110, Ct am till n Uocr, I'urtbul, Or
Iw. T- II. N llOJai f WO'I.IU.
till. A. e, N.-l'laooM-aol K, Uu mi Throat