Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887, May 19, 1882, Image 1

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    VOL. XIV.
tytmtfyiHuUntq.
Churning and Haw to Churn.
Editor Willamette Farmer:
In your issue of May 5th, Mr. P., of Knox
Butte, lias given liis way of making butter,
and at the close of his article says ho would
like to have "Mr. K. toll us of a better way,
using the same kind of a churn we do, viz:
the old-fashione 1 dash churn, mostly in use
among farmers." Since writing that article
Mr. P. has doubtless seen my essay on butter
making, delivered before the Pomona Grange,
and published in the Farmer of April 28th,
in which I think his inquiries are fully an
swered. But as Mr. P. has given his method,
and seems not aveisc to friendly criticism, I
will comment on it a little. I do not object
to your churn; you can make as good quality
of butter with that as I can, if all other con
ditions are properly observed. 1 use a differ
ent and better one for the samo reason that
you use a reaper to harvest your grain instead
of tho old-fashione I cradle, because I can do
more work in leas time.
You say, first, "We want the cream in good
condition, not old and funky, but at a tem
perature of about sixty degrees, as near as we
can guess. Now, this is very indefinite. We
don't guess at anything, we consult our ther
mometer handing in the dairy as a mariner
would his compass, and always use it in pre
paling the cream for the churn; we weigh the
butter and weigh the salt, so as to have it al
ways uniform. You state that you want
your cream in good condition. So do I; but I
suspect we might materially differ as to what
constitutes "good condition.
In my article I stated that we take off tho
cream while sweet, and churn it swe:t. Per
haps you do as most farmers do, let tho milk
stand till it is thick before the cream is taken
off, and then let tho cream stand several days
until a certain amount has accumulated for a
churning. Now in such case your cream is
spoiled for making good butter before it ever
goes into the churn saltpeter wont save it.
Now this is perhaps the first radical fault with
the butter made an. one the generality of farm
ers and sold to tho country stores. They let
the cream stand too long before taking it off
ttie milk, then let it stand too long before
churning. Next they churn too much and
afterwards they work too much, and thu but
ter is spoiled beyond redemption. I agree
with you that the buttri milk must to begot
rid ot, hut it can be better aud easier clone
than by so much woikiug.
From jour description of your mode of do
ing I conclude that you have no butter worker,
that you take your butter out into a bowl and
work it with a hand ladle, for at the close you
say, "it seems to you that trying to wash but
ter without Catherine it would be utterly im
possible without having a strainer to run it
through to fave the butter."
From such a remark I would almost venture
the opinion that you have never seen a butter
woifccr and do not understand its use. it
such is the case, you are laboring under diffi
culties, and I will help you out. A butter
woiker suitable tor a large dairy is simply a
table about 30 inches wide and three and a
half or four feet long, with the legs on one
end about four inches shorter than the other.
Now suppose two side strips, say three inches
wide, nailed down on the face of the table, at
upper or highest end out to the corners and
tapering in a v shape to me loner emi, lew
ing than, say six inches apart, a simple de-
vice at the loner end holds a lever which is a
little longer than the table; any liquid turned
on the tame would run down to the lower end
and, the side pieces I have described converg
ing to near the center, would carry it all into
a bucket or similar vessel placed underneath
Any carpenter can make one, and it should
not coat over three or four dollars. One large
enough for three or four cows can be made out
ol a uido boatd to set right on a common ta
ble w hen in use, to cost not over a dollar.
Now take your butter out on this table after
churning as I have described; the mdk will
run oil in a minute or two, then wash it with
clear cold water until the water runs off
clear, then salt evenly and put it away for
twenty-four hours, the next day the second
working and moulding is done on this table or
worker. If you bate none, get one by all
means.
If your wife or daughter does this work,
don't impose upon them any longer, but get at
once suitable tools for the work, the cost is
only a few bits, the saving in time and labor
is considerable.
The ancient Israelites when in Egyptian
bondage were compelled to make brick with
out straw, and it was considered a grievous
burden. It is no less a burden Upon tho farm
ers' wives to try to make good butter without
suitable tools and conveniences. There will
be sufficient drudgery about farm life after
you have supplied all the labor saving appli
ances. J. It KsArp.
Portland, May 13, 18S2.
Letter from I.lnn County.
Tasokst, Linn Co., Or., May 15, 1882.
Editor Willamette Farmer:
Will you please announce to all who take
an interest in the grange movement that there
will be an open grange meeting at Tangent on
the second Saturday in June (the 10th). The
Worthy State Master, R. P. Boise, will be
there and address the meeting on the princi
ples and importance of the Order. Everybody i
is invited to come and hear what the Judge
has to siy on tho good of tho Order. If tin
weather should be unfair we are well provided
with shelter, and will try to make evi rybodv
comfortable. All who wish to como and
spend the day with us are invited to bring
tt cir baskets of lunch along. Speaking will
commence at 1 o'clock r M Patrous from a
distance will bo provided for.
Farmers are generally backward with their
seeding in this couuty on account of continued
net weather, yet everybody is nearly done,
and will finish up in a tew day.'. There are
several w ho have re-plowed and sowed the
ground that they sowed last fall on account
of its being eaten out by the wlid geese and
ducks, which is quite a loss in seed and labor.
Fall grain is now doing well, but tho yield
will not be as good as usual, on account of the
geese apd ducks, which have been unusually
numerous, continually en pping the plant.
The health of the people is generally good,
The granga is proiperous and the member
ship increasing.
The Linn County G.mucil is doing a good
work, and is becoming a power in tho land.
They held an interesting meeting on Satur
day, the 13th inst., at Saudridge Grange
hall, with twelve granges well and ably re
presented The sisters of Sa'idridge Grange
were there, as usual, with a bountiful repast.
May they live long to bless the land.
JLorEii.
Assessment and Unjust Taxation.
Wilsosville, Clackamas Co., May 8.
Editor Willamette Farmer:
There has been considerable talk concern
ing taxes and taxable property. The consti
tution of our State provides for equal and
uniform taxation; all that is transferable
Bhould be taxed equal. Now allow me to say
a word or two about the way in which the
taxes are collected. It surprised me when I
movol down from Marion county to Washing
ton county to seo tho difference in the ruling
and actions of the couuty officers. In Mai ion
county, if there is an omission or a mistake
made in our taxes, it was always promptly
and gentlemanly corrected, but in Washing
ton county it is altogether ditferent. I will
just give you one instance to illustrate; what
I say I know to be true .- At our J one elec
tion, four years ago, Charles Tosier was
elected Assessor of Washington county, And
assessed the county, or pretended to, fir I
for one was not assessed either year. The
first year I sent my taxes to Hillsboro by ex
press to the Sheriff, which was in accordance
with Mr. Flippen's assessment the year pie
viou, aud was received by tho Sheriir, Mr.
Hale, all right. Tho next year Mr. Charles
Tosier came down into our neighboihood and
passed all around me witluu one miie ot my
residence, but did not como to in-. He as
sessed my land at S15, but nothing else. Sup
posing he had done as he did the ear before.
I sent the money to pay my tixes as I did tho
year before, but Mr. Hale, the presout Sheriff
alia nominee lor ro-eiectiou, nmiueu me mat
I had not sent enough money; he said my in
e'ebtedness was not allowed. I thought this
was a curious way tor an Assessor to do. 1
sent a true list of my taxable property, sworn
to before a Justice of the Peace, and sent it to
the Sheriff, and requested lum.to lay it before
the Couuty Commissioners for correction. In
stead of laving it before the County Commis
sioners, Sheriff Hale sent his deputy to my
placo to levy ou my personal property to pay
the taxes. I could then see what kind of man
Mr. Hale was. I agreed with the deputy that
I would sell the property myself and pay,
rather than stand a suit at law. I suffered
mvsclf to be swindled out of about $23 by
Tosier and Hale. Mr. Hale's aim is to make
all the money he po'sihly can out of the
office, whether he pleases or not. Mr. Baker,
I am told, was not allowed his indebtedness in
Clackamas county. I paid Mr. Hedges, when
lie was alien II ol Clackamas county, 540,
when I should not have paid him more than
$15; also, when Mr. Garott was Assessor of
Clackamas county I was used just as bad. I
laid it before the County ComiuSssioners, but
they could not make any correction). I say
allow every man his indebtedness, or allow
none. I think the law is good enough. All
we want is the officers to do their duty.
Eight or ten years past Washington county
was practising the same law that Mr. George
Sears got to pass the Legislature at its last
session, so you see that Washington county is
ahead of the State in law making
J. H. Feaster.
Where If there a Good Opening for a Mill 7
Stoutsville, Ohio, April 20, 1882.
Editor Willamette Farmer:
I have just received a sample copy of your
weekly paper. I have come to the conclusion
that there would be a good opening in milling,
I mean manufacturing flour in Oregon and
Washington Territory; the wheat is of better
quality than ours, and ) our crops are never a
fa' lure to such an extent as ours. Our pros
pect are good this year in some places; some
wheat has been frozen; do not know what it
will amount to j et in the southern part oi the
Stat. Fruit will be a failure, except latu
apples. Farmers have about all their plowing
done, but have not commenced planting yet
on account of the cold w eather. We have bad
a very mild winter, our coldest weather was
within nine degrees of zero.
I will try and get on the subject I started
on. Milling is my profession, with burrs or
ruus; i preicr runs; it costs a little more to
build a roller mill, but the eiDense to run
the same is leas than burn of the same capaci-'
POKTLAND, OREGON, FRIDAY, MAY
ty. Your water facilities nro as good as need
be, from what 1 can learn.
Inclosed plenie bird S2 oO for vour farm
journal. Youis respectfully.
f RANK rOSTER.
Coming to Oregon
Osawatomie, Kns., April 20, 18S2.
Editor Willamette Farmer:
I had intended moving to Oregon this spring
but our estate is as ct unsettled, and as I ex
poet to have about two thousand dollars to take
with me I have put it oft till next spring,
when 1 think I can g-; however, I have sont
two families this spring and others will go
when I go; we intend t) go overland and have
a good time generally. I want your parer to
keop me posted in the stock and agricultural
interests; I also want to find out where the
Eastern junction of the N. P. K. K. that con
nects with tho Villard system of roads at Ba
ker City is located. I hope you can let me
know in due time. I am so much interested in
coast improvements that I am lost for want of
thu Farmfr. e are having quite a cool and
backward spring, with frequent storms and
cyclones. The Mississippi River is on a boom
again, and at last reports the water was up to
within six inches of last spring's raise.
Hoping to hear from you weekly, I remain
as ever, respectfully, yours truly,
Jos. F. Cook.
What made the Asparagus Wither.
Collins Ranch, March 3, 1882.
Editor Willamette Farmer:
I scud you specimen of our asparagus; can
you tell your many readers w hat is the matter
and give a renudy for the future. We have
a plat that has yielded well for four or five
y ars, was covered through the winter w ith
barnyaid manure and removed early; you see
the result. William uollins.
In reply to the above we would say that the
samples sent us were badly withered and
showed an immature death. The first thought
that came to our mind was that they had
been killed by the frost, but upon mature re
flection we have come to the conclusion that
it was caused by unrotted manuie. There
can be too much manure used, and in that
event, if it is unrotted, the plants will bo
"burned up. '' The frost will not touch as
paragus much, after they havo reached ma'
t'irity that is four or five years old. Your
p'ants w ere "burned out" by too much and
toi rich manure.
Endorses Mr Cross' Artlclo on Grass.
Cues well, Or., May 13, 1882,
Editor Willamette Farmer :
I feel under obligations to Mr. T. Cross to
tell what 1 know about Velvet grass. Four
years 'ago I sent fifty cents to him for seed,
and he was kind enough to send me a bushel.
Since then we liao sowed it on all kinds of
laud, and consider it the beat grass for pas
ture there is; the stock keep it fed clojo
where there is plenty of other grass, and that
is as good a sign as we want; and another a'
vantage is, it will smother tho sorrel out en
tirely. I sowed some last fall on overflowed
land where the water stands nearly all win
ter; it is a foot high now and formed a nico
sod. e are going to sow eighty acres this
fall it we can get seed enough.
C. M. Morss,
From Marlon County.
Bittteville, May 11, 1882,
Editor Willamette Farmer :
We are about doue seeding in this section
of tho country. The prospects thus far seem
quite good. Quito an interest is being devel
oped in hop raising in this part of the valley,
quite a number of acres beiig planted this
spring, x ours respectiuuy,
J. W. Batciieller.
Oregon State Orange.
Obeoo.v Citv, April 26, 1882.
Editor Willamette Fanner:
The regular annual mooting of tho Oregon
State Grange will be held at Salem on the
fourth Tuesday in May (23d).
Governor Thayer will deliver an address of
welcome, and a response on the part of the
Grange will be made by Judge C E. Moor.
It. P. Boise, Master,
N. W, Ranuall, Seo'y.
' PACIFIC UNIVERSITY.
Commencement Week, June 4th 7th, 1(82.
Sunday, June 4th, 11 a. m. Baccalaureate
sermon, by Rev. Win. Roberts.
Monday, June 5th, 8 i. M. Address, by
Rev. J. A. Gray, FortUnd.
Tuesday, June 6th, 8 v, u. Exercises of
the Associate Alumni.
Wednesday, June "th, 11 a. m. Com
mencement fcxercises; i i'.M Alumni Dinner;
8 P. !., Reunion of Alumni Friends.
The prospectus of the Educational ffcrahl,
to be published by D, F. Stanley, of Mon
mouth, Oregon, is before us. Ablo contribu
tors have been obtained, and it will be the of
ficial organ of the State and county superin
tendents oi Oregon, Washington and Idaho
Territories. There is a field for such a publi-
tion.
Mesquite beed can be obtained of Miller
Bros. They have a choice lot left and will
fell it in lots to suit purchasers.
' rvwwi rgrs " " '"'
iu,1""' ''J1
Southern Oregon.
Wo receive so many letters, says the Sen-
linel, asking iufounatioii concerning this part
of Oregon that wc find it most convenient to
answer them in our columns. Our dcciiption
of Jackson and Josephine counties can only bo
general without going into minute details.
Jackson county embraces nn area of tweuty
eight hundred square miles; Josephine county
about thirteen hundred, being jointly about
three times as Jargo as the Stato of Rhodo Is
land. Of this area thero Is about one-eighth
only cultivable, the remainder being moun
tainous and only valuable for grazing pur
poses cr for gold mining. Tho climate varies
according to altitud-. That of Rogue River
valley, in Jackson county, lying 1,400 feet
above the sea, being particularly gcuial and
salubrious, snow larely falling mote than
three or four inches in depth, and ice of
greater thickness than half an inch being an
exception. The same may be truthfully said
of all the valleys of Josephino county. The
rainfall is moderate, being a mean between me
excissivo moisture of Northern Oregon and
the drouth of Middle California, hut sufficient
for crops of every description. Wheat, barley,
oats and corn are the staple crops. On the
rich bottom lands sixty bushels of wheat to
the acre is not an extraordinary yield, while
twenty bushels on any land is an inferior
yield. Tho other cereals, as well as corn, yield
exceedingly well. The fruits are apples, pears,
plums, peaches, grapes, cherries, opricots and
figs, all but the two latter being extensively
cultivated, and with the exception of an occa
sional season when a late frost injures fruit,
all bear abundantly. Improved farms cm bo
purchased at from eight to thirty five A liars
per acre, according to character of improve
ment and locality. A few locations may still
be found where small tracts of government
land may be secured, sufficiently large for
those who contemplate fruit laisfng, which is
destined to become one of our most important
interests. Timber of the finest quality is very
abundant, fir, yellow pine, sugar pine, black
and white oak, ash, laurel and maple being
tho most common varieties. Saw and grist
mills are plenty, and are successfully man
aied. A woolen factotv. located at Ashland
produces fabrics of tho b03t tiuulity, and is
continually adding to its capacity. Extensive
experiments in the culture ot amber cane have
been mtde, both in jacKson aim .loscpnino
counties, during the past two years with very
satisfactory results. The climate and soil aio
found admirably suited to cano culture, nnd
it is tafu to tn edict that with proper meel an
ical appliances Bugar will bo made heio in
largo quantities foi'expoit. Thero is a mod
erate quantity of tho finest vine laud skirting
Jtiigue Jliver volley inviting tillage, aim a eon
Biderable quantity of delicious wine is maim
factured aunuallv, nearly all of which is uou
sinned at homo. For tertility, tho soil of
Rogue River valley the largest compact
body of land south ol tho Willamette is uu
excelled, and for picturestiue beauty tho val
ley has no rival ou this coast. Begiuu'ng in
the angle ma lo bv the junction ol tho biski
you mountains and tho Cascade range, tho
valloy stretches northward and widens, before
tho river is reached, into a beautiful expanse
of grain fields, meadows and orchards, in
tcisperscd with groves of oak and other tim
ber. The vallev is highly cultivated and
dotted with comfortable homes, but is capable
of supporting three tunes the present popuia
tion as many of the farms arc much too l'rjje
lor the actual wants oi their owners ino
mineral interest of this section is still quite
mportant. Since 1852 it is estimated that
over $30,000,000 in gold havo been mined out
in Jackson and Josephine counties, aud there
is a large and industrious population engaged
in minim? and bcimr well remunerated. Iron.
coal, copper, cinnabar and marble aro among
our minerals, nut lor lacic i transportation
little or no developments have licen made,
The railroad, now being rapidly extended into
tins county by tne urcgon anu cainoriiia
Railroad Company, is to riach this valley
within a twelvemonth, and its completion
will open a market for our fine fruits and
other products, aud give an impetus to every
branch of industry. Nearly alt denominations
of religion, except thu Episcopalian, are here
represented, and the public schools ol south
eru Oregon are enual to, aud, in some in
stances, superior to thoso of inoBt agricultural
sections of the country. Wo do not advise any
person to come heie expecting a rapid foituue
to accumulate without labor, but to sober, in
dustnous people willing to work, we say
come and share the rich'. 8t soil and the most
healthful climate to bo found in Oregon, for
there is room lor many more.
Development of the Northwest
Perhaps, no more beautiful and graphic de
scription of the great Northwest was ever
made than that ot Hon. M. C. George, of Ore
gon, in the House of Representatives, last
Tuesday. Mr. George was peculiarly happy
in his reference to the fertility, resources and
extent of that great country, which, he
stated, embraced an area of 300,010 square
miles, Oregou alone, according to Mr. Gtorge,
is "equal to all New England, and two
thirds of the Empire State thrown in. It is
larger than the great Spates of New York and
Pennsylvania combined, and is much larger
than either Ohio and Pennsvlvauia. or In-
diaoa and Illinois, laid sidu by side. Oregon
is half as large as Old England, over six times
as laige as Switzerland, about eight times the
size of Holland, and nearly nine times as Urge
s Belgium. Were Oregon settled as thickly
as Ohio, our population would be over seven
and one-half millions; or, as Pennsylvania,
we would have ever eight and one-half mil
lions; or New York, over ten millions; or
19, 1882.
Switzerland, over thirteen millions; r France,
about eighteen millions; or Holland, about
twenty-sovcii millions; or our mother country,
England, prooibiy over titty minions, or as
many ns are now in all of tho United States of
America.'' R sides a a ast extent of country,
Oregon, says Mr. George, "has the three es
sential conditions: first, a climato warm
enough to ripen crops and secure the comfort
of man and beast; second, a soil of natural
fertility; and third and last, sufficient inois
tuio to render tho soil productive." Mr.
Gcorg elaborates as to these essentials, and
shows a c.mntry Will "capable of furnishing
sustenance and prosperous and happy hon.es
for thu teeming millions of a future." Wc
do not remember to havo seen a more graphic
grouping of facts illustrative of tho resources
and capabilities of any country than this of
Mr. George, which is mule for the purpose of
showing tho importance of improving the na
tural water courses of that country. Certain
ly Congress should be liberal in making appro
priations for a country blessed with so many
natuial advantages, and capable of sustaining
so great a population. If tho people of Oregon
do not get from Congress what they want in
this respect, it will assuredly be no fault of
their able and faithful Representative. Ex.
Borne More of King County's Resources.
The' wild, mountainous r. gion in the eastern
part of this county, especially in the vicinity
of Suoqualmie pass, is undoubtedly richer in
undeveloped wealth and natural resources
than any other part of tho Territory. Not
only does the finest quality of fir and cedar
timber, in vast quantities, grow along the
streams and rivers ilowing westward from tho
range, but near tne summit on tho western
Blope, abound great mountains of thopurost
iron ore to bo found in tho United States.
Only a few hundred rods from this iron moun
tain is located the marble beds that within
five years will bo worked, and the marble
slabs shipped to all parts of the world. This
marble quarry is oi far more importatico than
many people presume. The quarries produce
a quality of marble, that from its peculiar na
ture and variegated colors make it superior to
anything of the kind found on the Pacific
coast. The quantity is said to be inexhausti
ble, and is comparatively easy of access.
Limestone of a superior quality is also found
in abundance out in the Suonualinio region.
Last, but by no means tho least important, is
tne more recently uisuove-reuMeposites ui an
thracite coal. Thcso coal deposits, however,
lie further to the Eist, and moro nearly upon
tho summit than do the marble beds and iron
mountains. Besides tho riches mentioned
nearly every tquare foot of toiritory lying on
tho eastern slope of the mountains, extciicliLg
to within a stooii's throw of the city limits of
Seattle, is positively known to overlie va.t
fields of licli bituminous coal. In view ol
these facts, aro we not justified in saying that
King county is far richer in natural resources
than any other section ot couutiy on tho la
cific coast? These mines contain within them
selves fabulous riches, nod their development
will add millions of dullurs in hard com to the
wealth of Seattle aud King couuty. The
building of a railroad to and thromjli tho Sno
nualmie pass will hasten their development.
Until the road is built, this vast treasuro and
wealth will lie dormant aud undeveloped.
Bituminous cod, lumber, grain and products
nru now being shipped from tho Sound, and
the products of the exports are being utilized
to still jurtnur iiiiituvouihi ueveiup vuu coun
try but the early construction of a railroad
and tho consentient development of the min
eral wealth situated in the hnoqualinio pass of
tne Uascado range, win bring to this county
wealth, compared with whbli the fabulous
tales of the California days of gold, will pale
into insignitlcance. Seattle Uhrontcle.
Bpraeue, W. T.
The editor of tho Palouse Gazette lately vis
itcd this place, and in an article to his paper,
writes as follows:
Last week we isitcd the town of Snraguc.
and were surprised at the rapid strides it had
made since our visit last fall. Few persons aie
aware of the immense amount of work being
done there at the present time. The machine
shops of the Northern Pacific are among tho
largest on tho coast. Tho dimensions of the
various uuiiuuig. ui wiu company aru as ioi
lows! Car shops, 75x225 feet; mauufactiiiing
shops, 75x150; blacksmith shop, 50x120; boil
er shop, 60x120; freight depot, 30x85; pas
senser depot, 30xGO. All the shops aro fitted
with the most approved tools and machinery
of eveiy kind used in building and repairing
railroad rolling stock. When tho shops are
run to their full capacity, a very large force of
skilled workmen win no employed, the
round house at prescut contains twclvo stalls,
and several more will soon be added. The
headquarters' building, iu which will be tho
offices of the superintendent and his assist
ants, will be a magnificent and complete
structure, and l now in process of construc
tion, There are employed on these buildings
over two nuuureu ineu, anu many more win
soon be put to work. Some idea of the pro
gress Snrague is making may lie forim d from
the fact that town lots which four mouths ago
could lie purchased lor irom sixty to seventy
five dollars now sell readily for from four to
fivu hundred. Numerous dwellings and busi
ness houses are in course of erection, and more
will be commenced as soon as lumber can be
obtained.
Ilarrliburg Orange.
Notice is hereby given that the meeting
rcalled for Saturday, the 20th lust., is post
poned, and there will bo no meeting until the
regular day, on the second Saturday in June,
unless otherwise ordered. The reason for re
calling the appointment of this mooting Is,
that a picnic is to be held upon that day. and
after consultation it was decided to give way
to the picnic, Members will take notice and
govern themselves accordingly. By order of
EpCM ilOULT, W, M.
NO. 14.
PACIFIC NORTHWEST WHEAT.
Probability cf Finding a Market In Minne
sota.
Walla Walla btatcsmnn.
Follow ue is a copy of a rtcent lo'tcr from
Mr. Henry J. Wins r, chief fit t!.o Northern
Pacific bureau of immigration, to Mr. Villard!
St. 1'AtiL, Minn , April 12.
Mr. Pillsburv, of Minneapolis, called in to
see mo this morning ami told mo something,
which, 1 think, may interest you. lie said lie
was now in r ceipt of oilers from San Francis
co w heat dealers to deliver No. 1 grade Cali
fornia w heat at Minnea; oils for 51 37 to SI 38
per bushel; but unfortunately tho California
wheat was not adapted to his purpose He
pys now $1 45 for "No. 1 hard' Dakota
wheat Mr. P. said that thero was no doubt
after you got the Northern Pacifio through,
that you can deliver Oregon, Washington and
Idaho win at at Minneapolis at remunerative
rates. You may remember that Mr. P.
brought home with him soino SDOjimens of
Oregon and Washington wheat which turned
to be very good, aud winch, tie says, may be
mixed to advantage with Dakota wheat in
manufacturing the patent process flour. He
thinks a perfect wheat could bo procured in
Oregon, etc., if tho farmi rs would be careful
in selecting their seed, and that the time will
certainly come when Minneapolis will use a
great deal of Pacific Northwest wheat.
Yours sincoreiv,
Uknuy Winskr.
IMPORTANT N0TIC
To Settle on Public Lands, who havo Made
nnai rrooi on tneir uiairus.
Patents for Donation Certificates from No. 1
to No. 5,235 inclusive. Homestead Receipts
from No. 1 to 1,31)9 inclusive, Pre-emption
claims and cash receipts No. 1 to 1,770 inclu
sive, with tho oxception of a few numbers in
each class of the above named claims, have
been issued and transmitted to tho United
States Land Olfice, On. gon City, for delivery
to the claimants. Any holder ol a certificate
or receipt corresponding with the above num
bers, who has not already received his patent,
can procure it by forwardiug the certificate or
receipt to the Laud Office at Oregon City with
his or her name aud address. No fee required
for delivery of patent.
Exchanges please copy.
Clarke County, W. T Agricultural Society.
The following is the progrummo of the
Clarke County Agricultuial and Mtchanical
Society, which will conic off tit tho grounds
near Vancouver, commencing .Inly 27th and
continuing three days :
July 27th Trotting, best 3 in 5, for 2:30
horses, Deiign not barred, puro!jl00; 225
to lt, 8 1 'Ai to socond, ?."i() lo third.
Sitine day, iiiii.ing 1J mllu l.ish, purse
S'WO; 4250 to first, JwOtn se.'oud.
July 28th, trotting 3 in 5, for 2:38 class;
nursu $100; $225 to Hint, f 125 to socond uud
$50 to child.
S.uno day mile handicap, ptirso $230;
?200 to first, S.10 to second
July 2'Wi 3 ycu-old trotting, 3 in 5;
puiso $10U; S'-'2" to fiist, $125 to 'second, $30
1 1 third.
Same day - Running, one mile and rcpoat,
pin so S.'.IO; $200 to first, $50 to beunnd.
All the above laces will start at 2 and 4
o'clock on c ich day.
All eutii's for the above races, except
handle ip, to clnsuoti Junu 17, 1882.
Fivu pi r I'i'iit. of the pursu must acoonipany
the entries thu balance of 6 per cent, to bo
puul ut 12 o'clock thu day bcloie thu race.
Entries for mile handicap will closo at 1 J
o'clock noon Juno 10, 18S2, 5 per cent, to
accompany nomination, and 0 pur cut. when
the weights aro accepted.
All entries to be in soiled envelopes.
Three pr cent, entries to be made and 3 to
start. 8. W. BltoWN, President.
R. Rouii, Secretary.
The Umatilla Reccrvallon.
Thu reservation was not established by
tieaty, as has been seen, nor does it appear
that it was established iu fulfillment of any
treaty, stipulation r agreement with any
tribe or tribes of Indians; nevertheless, in
view of the fact that it was s-.t apart for the
uco and benefit of certain Indians, many of
whom have never been induced to occupy it,
owing to prejudices against thu lands in
respect to Ucality and certain tribal jtalousiea
known to exist, it has been the aim of this
bureau to make such disposition of the reser
vation as will enable the department to mate
rially assist the Indians in establishing them
selves upon other reservations or lauds else
where iu agricultural pursuits.
The reservation is situated in Eastern Ore
gon, and contains 2,770 square miles, or
1,778,500 acres, of which it is estimated that
12,000 acres are tillable.
From thu above it will be scin that persons
who desire this teseivatiou thrown open ta
settlement under the pre-emption aud home
stead laws will bo disappointed, unless Con
gnss should legislate on the uhjcct, which it
is not very likely to do, the Jiidmn Depart
ment being hostile to it.
Crops In Bpokan County.
From dlicial reports and other reliable
sources of information, vvu find that there were
32,210 acres cultivated in this county last sea
son. About 211,000 acres weie sown wi h
wheat, 5,000 with oata, kmI the balance, 2,215
with barley and other ctrcats. Wo are satis
lied that it is u low estimate to t.iy that tho
increase this year will be M) per cent., and it
is probable that thu proKrtion of grains sown
win ue thu same as last icasoii. ooiuo oi our
informants think the increase will be 00 to 100
per cent, ChronUU.
,rfCv