Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887, March 03, 1882, Page 4, Image 4

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WILLAMETTE PARMER: PORTLAND, OREGON, MARCH it, 1882
l'iisl mrj WkV by tho
wiLtaiiKrn: t unicit i'ikismiim. r.
TKI'.MS OKbllteCKIlTUW.
Be jrmr. (Tnstagu .i.li in ..linnec t i.M
111 mouths, (rosUin'iuul), In iilxaiicv .... 1.2S
Lew than six months will 1.0, )tr motitl iS
AD MiSJ.slMl ltATK :
Ailecrtlcnieiit xxill lc hierttt, iiroilillin: tn are
lss.ect-ilU', at ti.e I'.llu'x inji table ut rates:
Obc Inch of sice per month i 2.M
iliree lt.ci.es ol tm.e lir .renin a.w
"n.liiill coljuii'. jnr i.,...ill 1&.00
"We column pn imiiitl- iO 00
T3i.mpU eoples sent free on .ippiiration.
futillialimi tullee. No. S Waslilntjtoii Strcit, Up
,tlf", r..u.s Ni. j iiel ''1
pi i.ijii:i:- i"v.n ihm: r.
l'urJx ' Prill' n.eortlcr. l iWtaae Osiilener l the
best jmirnii .n.rt.its embus ami Hem tr. published
In the I'ntto.1 -talc, price si As till- is ix jtuiiilu.l
Jouriul that mr. fanulx, -liou'il read. e hale made
arrangement, to el :l with it on 1 to fuini-li its prem
iums to ur on -iibserihen on the Ml.wxiuir t. nns.
A MISTAKEN PUBLIC POLICY.
The earliest gtcat land grab was in the
shape of a grant to the Illinois Central rail
road, and then, ni il ever since, government
has c 'titimially erred in giving such aid to
public intcrprisea. The action of Congress
has been on the apptrent idea that onr conti
nent xx as loiuposed of illnnitablu space, and
the lands never could be utilized, but men in
middle nge, who saw all a wilderness beyond
the Missouri, and much of wilderness east of
it, will live to see their childteu seek in vain
for a good quarter section of funning land to
locate at a dollar and a quarter uu acre, or to
improve .is a homestead.
In almost every iust..iuo government could
have built the reads and owned them, .aid the
people could have had u aiispoi ution at a fair
rate, and the public lauds haxe been i.s.rveil
for actual settlers, instead it having them be
come the proierty of coipor.itious, to be held
at speculative pttets. Take the L'ltiou and
Central l'aeitic as an example. Those loads
could h.ie hem- and wtie built with the
are, 110 doubt, honest men who located land
in mod faith, and deservo to have their titles
confirmed.
Any tienon ihh..- to renew iteriptl in, who pjxs
ftl.K nr .nx I..'. sill inner ttho emls u tCi J" ...M
recelxe tie Fiumiw sn.l Fruit lteeonler one joar. ami 'goxcrnuittit bonds loaned the builders as a
can lutxe.n.x 1 ue of t le preiiiiiuiis he nmx nimeixlso. I 1, ,,,., .,, . ,. . ., , , . ..
Anj ih'm. 1 . r no ha. sin wij i.l up. can send us , til cu.lir, witle.lit the land grant. 1 he
75cmon -.ml luv .-the Ueoirder nne tear ami 1 prom- I ,-0x. rument was the only p&rtv that could
luui Am person w. o will sh-iuI -.' .VI for .1 new sub- ,"
scrlbpr, iiin h tin Mult Itonnler ami either ni'e.if'naxo allutiieil to undti take the wolk Had
the premium 1 eo.up. isatmt. for trouble in proem tn.;
us a new sut NnK-r. 1 lie premium are
2 :V p'arit. of the famous l.--ptess -traxx hem
30 p'ants of the new e.rlx sn.l most pnxltictixe,
Unre, 1'n-k nn raspl Tr kno n. the T ler
60 plant- of TKlor' ITolitic, tht h.inlie-t anj
mo-t prolifle h'taiLlHtr kt own.
7 i trong well l-'nttii. Imxlj ami beautiful roe
s 1 Helena Hoi. .iiekl the mot beautiful i;ron
IS P.trJj s nlHM' Fruit Instnutor, lit iroce.
It Life lice ei'.trmilir.- of Jauie A. (larflilil.
NOTB. Mmph e the number opiio-tte the prvm
ura- ami don't Jes rilie it.
CASH IS ADVANCE
it d-iie o, and then maiiageil the mads eco
nomically, clnrginj tnough lor tales and
treihn to etner interest 011 their cost, it
would by this nine luc s.icd the people
nearly a bundled millions ot dollais, altuvu a
lair transportation rate, which the hao been
taxed by those monopolies It i a salo com
putation to say tin Dickon is ovu-vharced
ten iloilars .1 ntail tut .ill iK Kipulatioii, juid It is possible !
by us fur the li,uii4rt.tt!uii we ale obligo.t to tied by steamer til
havi oxer those roads. It is a drag of millions
THE I8THMUS CANAL SCHEME.
Capt. Win, Merry, of San l'raiiciscn, an old
steamship commander and prominent in tuisi
iicm mattem, is an earnest advocate of the
Xicaraugua ship enal, and argues that it will
save this coat great diu'ercneo in freight
charges and in dillereiico in iuteiest and in
siirancei He tigutes as follows :
Steamiliips of fi.OOO tons capacity can
carry freieht at. per ton S 7 (X)
Toll through the canal, per ton i! flO
Thiity days interest on freight ami
cargo ,!()
Iuteiest by steamer and canal rou to. . . 48
Total coit bj Isthmus route S10 2S
Kqual to ,'tl cents per buhel on wheat.
The present cost he estimates 011 a basis of
Sl! per ton, but wo will fijuio it for ouiselves 1 lK'ar '" 'l-'llent list ho would call and
on tho basis of $l.r, w hich is n full price for "r!,i, 1'"" ll1' "'t o ill publish the
freights to Kttropc, and wht.-h we can cettain- ! ll,t for "" "'"'
lv charter for, if we continue to follow tho old U "l0 tiu''' of '""" al"1 ''e;1' benU, tired
system.
Freights per ton .
Insurance sailing esel
Intirest 140 days at 7 per cent. . . .
TO SUBSCRIUEK3.
After the Hist day of Apiil wo shall discon
tinue all papers that am not ptepsld tt tint
time, without discriiuinatimi, and we ixspeet
fully invito all of inr subsiribts who luxe
nut prepaid to renew before that date, We,
of course, wish to liavo their liiemUhip and
their Niippnit, but xx 0 cuuuil, and will tint,
'linger attempt to do luisiiitM upon tho eiedlt
system, whioo is as unfair to those that pay
us a 1 it is to otiiHolves.
Since x e sent mil circulars the other day,
stating the facts, and politely inviting sub
scnbers to reuexv their Hiibsciiptiou in ad
vance, xx o have had several persons coin to
this olliee and indignantly resent being
"illumed, "' then pay tip and stop their papeis.
We have had n number of insulting lettiis
also, one fiom a delinquent at Spniigxx.iter,
who threatened that it Ins name should a
C st I iy steamer via Isthmus
Piflcieneo
Add tothisdiftcrencein value of xxln-at
just shipped by sxilor xia tliu Horn
ami wheat neir'y duo $
I of tho Citrtlf.ssncss of men xx ho ate abb) to
1,- 00 W ,,,u' '"" ""' al"' lii'ding it iiuiiismIiIu to
M) i kee,i cot reel hooks under such ciicuuistaiices,
1 HSJwe shall lunceforth do a stiictly rish bnsi-
.".., ness, ami gix-o thosj xvho p.itnmiti 11 the
IQ .j, ' l't wo oau tor their money. If xve eanuut
j do better by sucu a system than by the old
' W 1 jioli.'j we .uu much mistaken.
W ixtenil t all who xvish to see an agri-
1 ,',0 , c 'lluial join 1111 su-tun il 111 this legion,
1. 1.. ..t I :.... . r.. -. 1 . ,. , ,. .
eapjiou- 01 weui-iuxing iunucis ami re'iaiii iu
V" 11I to their intticats, to gixe in all the
cuppott .uid encouragement in their powei
From this tiro;-xvo fchall adhete triotly to autuudy on the p ople of the Nui th l'aeitic.
tho Gwh S tt m. All jupera xvitl be pun. - The N 01 theiu i'acitic could have been con
tU!iMydifBo"ntinieiiilicnubioriiitioiiiexiiiii'n.U,!Ul1 l uva""u-"t ,tlli -"'"l'l"tcd m
1 li. or fOotler. .viiil x.milit l.i.fmi. tl,id li-i
unless iiiev naxo ueen renew eii. I,,.,,
Xo exceptions can be made, a the mailing
clerk will ol'ty orders and Kl!oiv an invaria
ble rule.
To old and new subscribers xvo sav : With
fact and requesting them to renexv
a prulitable luxestmcnt. L'Ut 111 the
hands of aoie men, whoaUo h.ul its prodigious
land grant to aid uieiu.it x,a- a tailure. itii
its unlimited credit, goxeiiimtiit could liaxo
1 eatneU this lead ti.rough at less cost than
au icrixorftiioii. ox .,-tr mtri,t. tt th.
prompt collections we can and xvill make a ' i," .. i,i i.. 1 . Ti ,.
1 ' lowest tJiililer. I ins would h ne insured tno
better nexxpaXT and give better satisfaction, settluutut ol the w hole 11 ,0 m country, and it
Notices w ill he mailed a month before sub-j woulil haxe gixen us x.-umierful piospuiity,
scriptions expue, notifying subscriUrs of that ' ail "le reJtl1" t'w-iUse the lands would naxe
reiuaiucxi put ot tiie public domain.
in makin, r.nts, the eixiug of land with-
I out restriction Was .-.nothei Iat.il mist 11,0. All
REDOCED SUBSCitlPTION ?KICE. I ,,,, ..,,,,. . , .
I laiius should naxe been echl at goxerument
Our i-batge for subscription at lirar.pji in- Price, and tli-11 oinx ti. ae'enl cettlers, and in
variib'" ?2 ,'iOa v-.r; but awe xinii t'm- limited qiiautitx, as p.e.ubed by our laud
courage Katern jKopK- to lead about this '" 'he public uo.ti.uu ha5 been squaii-
region. we offer to send tln-FxKMKKto sul- deteil at U-arful late, uud tiiat, too, by the
scribers from Kastern Mate- for rvu dollars a people s oxen r.piteiit iinej, hen ro look
year, or out- dollar for 'ix months. b.uk .1 tut. course of ngislution, it is almost
niipiwailile to believe that honest men, I
A rn-M-niBKK -i-ks if we tlnnk a min could clectid and tiiiatea ix the people to piotcct
make wages here canvassing for -u.ur-mi.nig their intertat.-, Iiaxe LnowingK liir.wn awav
machinery. We consider such a tn-ive p- uu- ''"' people's biittinght - lias oeeu dune,
turc, but hope it will not long be so. Take our own fetate legi.lation, for exam-
pie, and lo.k at the reckless tnauiur 111 which
Total in favor of canal route $ S 10
possible that xxluat can be air-
touql! the uthtt.us canal , plK., liaxoteiivearsolexneriene.it.
xvhen completed, for SI 'J per ton, or Ml cciiU by, awl wu stand eot.tidently by tho ieeor.1
inntle in tlioso yea ta.
It i; :ijfrf.Ml t.Jifth fi ifMn.l.nn i-.f T.ltt- C
Calhoun lat.ly has sa,d that if his candf.tber: T" ban,P hwU hae L" ,"-lmPuUt-"1 '"
tile
Tne auto 01 Otegou
PDIllil ln.'P rif.li7rff tno t.icjjKiln-if i-, c-nil. in l
provcm.nt and development a, "the South is ' ha' ""'" aulU,ftia tltle t0 AMn? lal"Js'
now malm without verx. and that the "'", T, " ' 1' a"t't'i'atil a
neero . uld so rap.lly ?v- "'iP rt.. in. , Utle ai'11 ll"l-o'i"a' of piopeity ti at ha J not
duttry a freeman, tl.ferfJw a-o ' T" bee" ,0ClC,,! the'e WM n0 "uch Iaml
have been abolit.on of slavery by the wi Tof . ,' Jl" X"" '" ;'"-v leaI fo: "
H. Snnrf. ,...( t..; 1.1 i.". u"' ' -"'': ilat.u ' back to -J1 had pro-
possible. What a r,ty he e,uld not lu.e teen ' ' thal 8"J"'I lau,U bli"uhi bUo"b' t0 ''
it! states lor purposes of t-icl imation. That was
' t tie enough to call the vultuies together.
The great Mv-tern journals publish weekly , 'I he only prudent way 10! tne state would
editions for one drllar a j ear, and the r asm . have been to get ti.e govrn.ment to 1 ,.ate
fi.u.. .1.;- .t .k. .l-. .- . . , L- . .
...,, v . . uu. mm iiiiii.enso circui ci.m ( our iwanip lauds tor us arid secure action of
gives them a great price for ad ertiiing. so j some kind to couh u, our title; abuudant
that oi.e xx .k V advertisimj in the Xe 4 York , time should nax e b. en taken to iearuhow U-st
Weekly TrU.une amounts to im.ie than a , to dispose of thim. ana no dii.osition should
yesr's mc me of an ordinary . untry nen-pi- have been maoe that eoi.id in any manner
,., uui m icouers oi t.ie country nexv,; jper a,.inaKe Hie rints of actual settlers. An un-
a bushel, against tho present cost of over $17,
so as to save pioducers here l." cents a bushel,
besides xxheat being generally sold when
shipped, it will bring a higher price xx hen it
is ceitain to anixe in thirty days. That
added to direct saving in items already given,
may increase the advantage to IS cents, and
perhaps 'JO cents per bushel.
The time will be so lorg before the canal
projects via Panama or Nicaragua can either
of them be realized that we shall 1. ok to a
tfillic roul across Tehuatitepec as much more
direct and neatly as great a saving as the canal
totitcj. To discharge cargo an I make portag
rill not ca-t much if any moie than the canal
tolis xx ill be, ami such a road can bo limit in
one j ear with half the energy disphyed thai
is manifested on the Xorh"in I'acific ltail
road. We 1 ax-e not full faith in Capt. Iiids pro
ject for a ship railway, but the trallie rail
roid i poihlc. 1 ho need of some such
route mo be telt it the ho'it'nTii I'acillc tail
road will put down freights to New Orleans
s . as to drive oil all ocean tonti'.ge and then
pt freights to suititaelft which it is perfectly
competent to do.
TtIK TAKIFF.
Hundreds of tollllont for Pensions.
cannot see why the Weekly 'j'fihanr sell
cheiper tbuu tho loc.il p.per. Adveitising
tnak s all the difleience.
1'osTMAsTri: Oksei:l Howe hai iosued m.
eloipieiit npteal to riostmast-rs thiough the
United .'-"ntes to aid the effort to proctne con
tributions to erect a monument, in honor of
President Garfield, at "Vabiiington. If con
tributions are rcceivid at all the post dices,
we hnietohe.il that our fanner friends have
generally added a tribute, even though a
scrupulous ring got up a foheme to g.ibUe up
these lands, and stood readv to tile iinmenae
claims the moment ti.e bill htcanie a law.
Two Houses ot our Legislature ai,d a Gox--erncr,
all elected by the people, tarried out
this lobber's pr gramme. Not only so, but a
Legislature took Time by the forel ck, with a
veiifccuce, and to giafify other schemers,
before we had an acre of swamp Hud located
One of the greatest sources of fraud in the
National tnasuiy is by swindling claims for
pensions. The propriety of granting pcns.ons
to soldiers xxho have been disabled by wounds
received in the scrxiee eanimt b, doubted; but
Congressmen, in search of popularity, passed
a pension act that goes ;far lieyDml that, and
depletes the treasury to the extent of hundreds
of millions of d.dlari. To reliex o all w ho de
sen ed :t, xi aj well enough, but to throxv away
hundreds of millions of dollais iinnicxstarily,
and without stilhcient claim, is unreasonable.
JMore the lixts of all then- pensioner! expire,
it is probable that the total of pensions paid
xx ll1 aitSTeL'ate the amount of the war debt nt
its highest figure. Of course, our soldiers were
not over-well paid, and they never can be
paid, neither does pitrijtinn have a cash
value. The fact is, that iMliticiaim fojnil it
impossible to resist any app.ication tn.ul in
the name of the soldier. This granting of
pensions has gone beyond all reason, ai d, it is
claimed, is crtam to go still fuither. The
opportunity for fraud swells the pension list
tens of millions of dollars. How to stop tho
fraud is a question of importince; ai.d how to
keep down the pension fund is another. It
was asserted when the bill passed that the
whole expense undur the act xvouhl not be one-
per pie xvho worked his way up from small be
gmnings ..ud poverty to win the Presidency,
and whoeo eireer lias won the world's respects
8 well as admiration.
Tilt exposure of the sugar mwiop'dy has
had the eliect to cause the Union and CVntial
rail-oads to put freights on sugar fiom Xcrv
iork, down one half, but Clans Spreekles has
got the meichaut. of thU toast under such
fear that thy don't dare to itn)or.- at any
price. It the roads ihould put prices up n.-ain
thej would be at the mercy "f Sprt- kles.
and the) continue to buy of him m ftai and
trembling. It is pleasant to lead that Con
gress has in consideration the repeal of the
Hawaiian treaty ou which the monopoly is
founded.
ill! JIi:m:v IJhiiiiii, I'reiidciit of tho Na
tional S-eiity for Piexcn'tion of Cruelty to
Animals, published a tenitic iitUk against
vacillation, in the Noith Auvncdii Ku-inu
for Feb uaiy, charging that it had done far
moie luim tliiiu smallpox exer did. Mr.
liergh is no doubt sineeie in his opinion, and
gavo it to the world with good intentions. No
doubt, iiijudieiuUB vaccination h s spread dis
cas.i by iniiucu' iting touud persons with virus
contamiu-ited with jmiions that uxiatcd in the
nybtems through whi h matter h ul pasted, but
his at ack is refuted by eminent medical au
thority, whic.i shows that since vaccination
has become coming, smallpox luui teased to
bo tho worl l's scouigo it was formerly. If
Mr. IJet'gh had confined himself to showing
the evils of impure vaccination hu would have
done more good. We happen to know of re
peat, d instances, in our small observation,
where impure vaccino matter has caused good
fcystt-ius to become badly diseased.
Is II llt " V. I.M.i.i ... . .. I
small one, to the memory of that son of the ,, T 7 """" agon ro.Ms, and
, . , .... ' . OvStOrte.I enough suen L'lants. in .-. ..p..-.-. l
' - - - i-w "-
lty, to eat up any possible swamp laml fund
by paying interest, without ever leacluiig the
principal. The whole pe-rfoimance was such
a bate-fated swindle that the woids "swamp
lanu are a "hlssim bv-word" .ill l.r,t.l,
Oie-gou.
Hy this infamous Jaw honest settlers have
been d.tpossesed, by tint.' claimants, of lands
ihej improved and built housis on long years
ago. They olten vaeatetl tliem because they
nau uot money vt right the swamp land grab
bers. ICast of tne Cascades, veiy often,
swamp land is essential to tho settler a
necessary pait ol his faun and without it
farmer or steck man cannot thine. 'The swamp
lanci grabber locates his domain by wholesale,
designates counties, and besides this, to
fce-cui u all the good upland" unjoining, he tun
plo "fellow a of the baser sort," to locate the
adjoining diy soil as "desert," under the
"JJesMt Land Act" that A. A. rfargeut
pushed thiough Cong! ess another outrageous
swindle so that between the two au ititcnd
mg settler, though out in a "howlin' wilder
ness," cannot lind loom to locate a homestead.
When tho next Legislature meets some ac-
tiou ought to be taken, if pcbsible, to undo
tho evils of the bxvamp Laud Act; and Con
gress should hasten to repeal that other
sw indie, the J Wrt Land Act, before it does
more harm iu Oregon. Wheu it passed,
Colorado objected, and was exempted from
tho sphere of the bill's action, and it looks as
if our owu delegation in Congress could have
done as much in behalf of this State. People,
of coure, talk of carrying out the promise) of
the State in good faith, but wo could risk
eons derable of "dishonoiable leputation" jf
it weie humanly possible to thwaitthogvrainp
or aeiiunej by a shadow ot tide, made haste tentI' of wliat 'l actually reaches. So crc.it is
to issue bonds on an nnagi ary '.'swamp Land tne demand for pensions that the applications
now on hlo cannot be attended to, with all tho
force of the Pension bureau, for years to come
The whole matter assumeHtiipciiduus ptopor
tions, and the average Congressman is stag
gered by the situation. The people will foot
the bill, as tho claim comes from a quattcr
that is hard to refuse
The Malheur Reservation.
Acting under instructions from the Hon,
Secretary of the Interior, .Major Jtinehart,
farmer iu charge, has ordered all person hav
ing stock or improvements upon tho .Malheur
reservation to remove them without delay.
The additional information is given that un
less the order is speedily complied with the
whole military and naval force of the United
States will, if necessary, bo employed in re
moving the intruders from the reserve. This
may not bo the exact language ot the Hon.
Secretary, but it is something similar. Fancy
the boys in blue skirmishing over tho Malheur
hills after a refactory steer 1 Now whilu it is
admitted that those having stock on the restr
vation have no legal rifcht there what harm
will result if their stock eat the wass? It will
surely grow again. Nearly four years have
passed away since tho Indians were icinovcd
from the reserve, yet the lands are in tho same
condition when they were in then; the In
dians are not to bo brought back, neither is
the reservation disposed of. What is really
the intention of tho government in the matter
remains as much of a mystery as ever. If
Congress has tho disposal of these lauds, whv
doesn't it act in the prendre.- J What are our
Senators and Representatives doing that they
cannot find time to attend to this matter? Tho
settlement and develo; meiit of tho fairest
portion of this country is retarded by the un-
certaintv. wl.lnt. ufill l,nnu r..,,. i... !..-. i-
land pirates in their schemes, though there jposal of thii reservation.- ' Sun.
Khlcr Sweeney writes us that ho and others
wi-h to learn our views on the timtl; and
xxhile xxo fear that our 0 uiioii, when ex-
pici-scd, may not throw much light on this
xexetl ipi.atiou, we haxe no hesitation in dis
cussing the uiattei on its incuts, lint readers
must btar in mind that the subject is xa-t in
its details, and wo cm only touch on some
general feituroi.
Wo have studied History iu this connection
suite the dnvs of Daniel Webster and Henry
Cla.v . We .sv iiipalhiul w ill; the Whig pal t '
vieixs iu favor of a policy tint should l.nur
piotettiou of home maiiufictuii-s, and behnxo
such a pn.icy still tu-eess.ny. Tin- tanll is no
'limcer a partji ipjrstiuli, beeatuo lending l!o-
puli'ic n papers and statesmen faxor flee
tiude, or a tat. II meiely for rtvenue, w l.ile
some hi n.ocrntic- leaders have lately coinu out
m faxot ot piot.etiuii. Wo set it down as
history howner, that our cottntrv hasalw.ivs
Jn.en tiuiiiciaily iiiuiu prusp.-intia under I igh
tarills than un.Ur low t.riltn. We cannot re
view all tho farts, but the main proposition is,
we think sustained by past rccoids.
'lhe taiilf was necessary during and after
the war, to raise leveuue to supoit the gov
eminent, so thele has been but little agitation
of the iiiestion of tltitic until now, when the
ucomo of the government is moie than is
necessary, and tho ptopnctv. ot tanll tevist m
comes up with gieat lorco. It is easy to sen
from the action of Congiessinen that tlmj
dread to tenth it. Iu tiiith, tho muter of
tatill levision is to-day the inuit important
iUestiou bt-lote thetu, but will hardly receive
attention the present session.
During the twent) ye.it that tho tanll has
stood iiiumestioned, many industries have
become so well sustained that thej, uii-d iw
more piotootion, but iu lui.i have becolno
heavy butdeiis on the public For liisUnce,
the duty on iron and steel iiiiounts tojs much
.is the cost of these mateiiaU iu P.ugland. Wo
do not prettnd to bo exact, but geneulie
in nuking such statements. 'The tanll doubles
the cost ot iron and steel tads toAmeli;an
railroads, tor the lolling mills take all the
Untl givtM them, so railroads cost millions
that comes as an extia tax on the people. 'The
gieat railroad m.i'.ageis are said to bo satis
bed, because Ucy own tho rolling mills and
po ket the proht made on iron and steel rails.
So this iiioii"Kjy of iron and steel is lortihed
by tho aid of the raihoads it is supposed to
oppress. I ho immense foieo ot the iron lobby
s so great that it is doubtful whethet theie is
virtue enough in the American Congtess to
accomplish a rcviMon ot the tanll that will
put down the price of iron to a reasonable
figure.
Tho invention of llessemer steel has revolu
tionieil lailway construction, for by it stiel
rails are made at about the same cost as iioii,
but there is also a duty of ij'JSa ton on steel,
and the mills add this duty to thi-pncoof
rails, when the patent its If is sullicieiit pro
taction. So tins blanch of manufacture, one
of the most impoi taut to mankind, becomes,
means of the tanll, an odious monopoly, It
is evident that the duty on iron uud steel
should bo greatly i educed,
The tat ill' is accused of being the cause of
the decline in American ship-building, be
cause it is impossible to build iron ships with
out their costing one-halt moiu thun Koglish
ships do. How can we compete with Ivugland
ou thoJO terms ?
Wo will carry tt.o itou ipiestion through to
the end to illustrate out argument,
Wo have a tarill on iron that is now t-xor
bitant, and a lobby to oppose any levistou of
tarill' that is almost impossible to defeat,
another casu where capital is on toil mid
holds down ti.e public, literally with a grusp
of iron, 'To aggravate Xhu situation thcte aie
many interests involved iu the tanll iues
tion, J'ivcry man iu CougiesH who represents
an article ou which he wishes duties ymin
tained, feeling that the only safe way is to
pi event any legislation on the subject, is
I icady to obstruct such legislation. 'That gives
a lat go -proportion of members of Congtess
whoso study is ; "how not to do it."
With the tarill' ou iioii and st.el lemovcd,
it may uot be possible to put up rolling mills
here in Oiegon uud over at Port Townseiid
on that account, lake a look at Urn matter
mm a ulllsli, loo.d standpoint, mid say they
want tho high duty maintained. CeiUinly
the m.ioiity of the people lii'iu will look at It
that way, and If the lailmad llitelests can seo
that with lh.' pimcut tanll they run build
mill and mnke money while they iiiaku thiur
ow ii mils, that w ill suit them. The piolwihility
is that these selfish Ihtclrst, all combined,
xill nit'xent the leinoval of Out duty mi linn
uud steel. Tint gieat iiitestlou of t what i
light' goes deeper than politrt'iitin ram to
le ifh, or often do leaeh.
Ut. in t'tl linn mill" heir to ilex flop our iioii
mini's; we nenl woolen fai'tonen to work up
niir wool and utilize our aliuiid nit water
poMt'ts. So with iniiiy ntliei industries, in
cluding tl.u nmliilfactuieof sugar f. mil beets or
sorghum; xxu need protection, but a wise )
tern that will protect iii'ant iiinmif leliues
mux might soon be otitgtown and tuip.oe on
us heaitless monopolies, as u avttiitll) the
ease at the Kant.
Within two years Aim'tieau uullety and
tools haxe been sold 111 Miellleld, and Ailii'li
can .oltoiis have been sent to Mant'liesti'i.
'I'll 'Mi industries haxe oiitcro'tn pioti'ttl.u.
It is el.uuieil that Amrrie.iu ploxts go to Can
ada, pi.vmg a duty theie, mid are mid
gieutlv hi low homo pnee; lint Allien. 'an
sex. mg ui.ichliit's ate sold in Kitrope lot much
lies, than at I. nine; all whlth illustrates that
tne people ol tlie United States nullrr from
tin evils of monopoly The ttrtll Iias eer
tittnly built up iiii.iioNiin tint t "round y op
ptess the ptHiple If that f.i I Is eouiisled, we
must eonelude t at levision of the tanll i
uoffuar) It. siahae malte-r, and frut tie
people f rsnit this oppt sion.
(,)ilginilly duties were levied to enable our
icoil. to manufacture the things thuy need
ed without I educing libor to tho low scute of
w 'gen paid Kiiiopean op la'lxe. What was
ueeiletl was a duly that should olUo'. the dif
feiftice pud in wages there and lift". That
xx t.s a just idea
T. ojili' do not lua) stoi to tomidex hotv
.i.xtioital t'p. nsea are paid. Thuy are met by
duties on foreign gomls and from out inter inl
rev.nne. If t very mm in the nation irn
tuxtd at the lulu of $" lor each pfrmiii, v rv
Veai, the tax woul'i Iw luaxilv felt; but if
paid III the sha of duties, I' is not folt. I he
chief i-xeiiuc is .1. rivttl Irom taxes paid ou
luxuries thnt am luitwrted, and on tobacco
and liquors made at home.
'The farimr who dtM-ii't in l-ilg. oi foreigji
luxuites, and xxho doe.n t dtlnk honor or iiw
toln.-eo, luels xt.rv little nf the expeitso of the
n atonal government except incidentally, a
in ti mi the duty mi iron and steel may have
made that tiade a monopoly.
At the present time wi in Oregon iii-etl niu
'icti .ii fiom th i.istinlaetiire.l gmjtU of hUt
I'tn States, for th. v rush in their waiea on n,
just as IJiikIiiiU did im them half a roiitury
ago. We am at tho mercy of Ruterii nuott
facturcre, and find i: h..rd to start faetorits
ngann then foimitlablu comp.jtittoti, Of
course. We .-annot be en protect.. I, and must
light it out without, but that makea Us rcaliri
that ta'ill revision is a matter that iiitensU
us mpetiully.
Wo nro told that our fartnera are favornl
b a tanll' that luatitoj them 'i to S Ci ills pie-
imuiii per pound on wool, that aggregates
I'AOM.OOO a year ou tho piotluct of this region
That I. a strong point, but we doubt whether
the saiiui ipiautity mid quality of woolen
goods that nto consumed ii Oregon are not
sold heru at fully a.MKl.OtK) n than i
charged for ilmni in llritisb Columbia, 'The
wool grower may pr. lit by it, uud that is a
good reanoii enough with those v. ho nm inter
ested. Wo f .r that w n shall shock the sen
sibilitles of won! gio'xihg const lerably, win n
wo candidly confess that we haxe not an Intel-
1 :... ........
..Ke..t uni.vnuon mat in- niiiy on won' in any
gmrt adv.-iut.ign to tlii-m, or whi'tlur it is a
just tax mi the ptople who buy the) maiiufaa
turtd goods
ROAD LAW AD 1I0AI) WOKK.
Klitor Willamette Faiuier.
Milne t. inn nvo I wrote and iolcndivl to ask
ou to publish an article in.'ai.liiig public
load. I then bell -veil our loul law xvas n
burning ami fiaiul, lucaurn tho mads were
g. tluig wot o every yi ar. lint I had a chance
to lead the mad law and found tint it was
better than wis piacticed, so I tlmi asked :
Win re is the f.uilt?
I think I can answer. 'The fault is with t.lo
f'trmeiH tl'cmelxee, practically, as a class.
AmeticiiiM are demoralicil when It comes to
working the public highway. Legd obligation
is very little legirded, nor is the teaching of
tho old Ixioh, "the merciful man is merciful
to his beast." Ah u gimei.il Hung, iu making
money th- farmers hold tho cut so close they
cannot sen the doll ir.
Amcnu.iim need to bo .taught it is just as
tineivili. d to thtow out on a public road all
kinds of rubbish, dead dogs and cats, as to
thmw it iu a iicbghborV donryaid. It is aim.
ply disgucaful to see how little recard people
have for tho public highway. In clearing oil'
land or pruning orchards, if a road lies by it,
it will get all tho rubbish, Kvun logs and
stumps aiu hauled out. Ouly.nncu I saw it
deseivedly punished, A man who habiiuully
icu ins xeigoii ciosw,iy in the road (when ho
eiinu from town) outside his bain, had it
struck over dark muht when a teamster who
camu uloug could not see, and twisted tho
double tree oil.
It would not bo n hard task to kieplhe
public loads in nipiir il every man would do
his part. Oreuou has good matciiitl as any
other countiy to make loads wi h. Wo have
timber, stone, giitvol. and tho soil is hntti.r
than homo other countries that havo passably
good loads tho year inuiiil, but under Urn
present demorulied system road making
ptovus a failure I will oittlinu tho principle!
of tho mad law of a country that
I know of that never was in want. t ,..i
toads, Kaeh owner of land, thought but a
single aero, was' assigned to keep in ieti.ur a
porlion of the mad nearest to his piemiscs
I his country would allord much easier division
than that, hecaiisu that was not scclionied,
Make each section a road district to keen l.
.. ..... . ,.'."
rinding to llm ratio of land owno,J ,. .l. $
thin. tlit. wlmln iMiuiity to be iimlur th. Osf' 1
ty v.tiiu v s.ii.i vision, rtliy otiu li..u "J
load ahi.iild l.avit the ilehl In en. .?. '!' I
Court wIhui Out mad. went iiMcoi' I .' '
Court to order (lit. needed iar. ji?
done, ns ordmi'd to makn niiua rt.',,if ,i J?'
oxp iiMini tun pioieity to which it ji""
tmniglltil. "
All peiitousl imipofty l py ft n ,
luiiiii'V, to I hi rolUuli'il with other Uim.JJ
'"1 "I '"K "' romlN, and bullilln,, 5
lepitllliig bndgiH, tie. """J
I'lidei siii'h comlitioiis all xvoi-l .
done Willi u view to p'liiiaiieiiev, nml the cW
ilition of tho toad iiMngi,i', to land HftulaT
' i'u'";, ft I'"1 "' "' '"'I'rov.ninitM,'?
as ood lences, oi building, in ft'l'llity of IK,
...ll. Theie would bo gieat living (l f,j"J
no until ImioIik tn liinke, no nuporvUor til tvr
ami mi loan i,ix ioi lanneis, m l,,
would linxn iiuue advantage tlmn tmy wonU
inicelxn at Hist glwiit'n. .Much would bttiued
by lining woik without deny when it wu
tn e.le.l llesiilt)-, theru would always be i,,,
abbi mid.. I eiiitld give .TJ1I ikiuiiii. in ,.
of thin.)telil. ll la enough that kmiiU xxouM
I m belter with the tllllii now liaually rxat
and without cost to the county. T, firme
could atxv.i). do hi. work clo.n Ul hattie nj
uee uiplinli twlett a. Inucli. '
Objections iNlght iitatit that -onih riw,),
xioitld be xxoim. thsli oilier.; that this u M
new mid exeiy nexv lo.nl will call Ur a new
ilixislou of labori but f.illlieis can lluiniehf,
make the dtvim UU. I if they dlinglee, then
the Comity Coin t eoiild ih'Uile.
Collect lane, ami thmw a county Into on
uud distnet, under dim mibdix Isiun, tlitn
tapital would win
I am opposed tn enlh cling a ro.id tax, anj
ertittnig a hum lliui for unmu one to draw (
k.ilar, , lint to I mum tho fmiiiein. lie uni.1,1
waul as uiii.'h a. the clerk an I .hrnil, m.l xti
eniil.ln't stand it. I) I'lTI.ILsox,
K.isT I'uiiTMMi, I'ol.rimry '.',"., IhvJ
1
better trot.i Tusat Uotiiut
I'.-UT III vtii.v, W. T., IVb. U, ,sw.
Iliter U ill.tmvtto lariuer:
tvbiilen iiuniberot j our leader, have written
to me within the put few thtyi. .talmg tint
they avv a letter of mill.' In lhe til It. and
.I'knig niiiiieroiu ipie.tmii. about tin r.-gioo
of country, .tieh as.
Is ihem any vaeant laud in your Territory!
Vt., vast ipiautilir. of it, mid much of it ii
as good an any that i. taken.
I. it iimliti or prino laml Mtnh of IkjiIi.
Kil of tne I'twadea il is mostly prairie, -vhila
.... tin. tide il i. iniMtly heavily tutulMr. .1
Uhit kind of mnl? On the river, ami
streams deep black alluvial, nml on the up
land, mostly thin sandy soil, in tome place.
ipilte iti.ny, hut all tho upland, me line for
fruit growing.
IMm H ram lliere iml of the time, and arc
the rsuu cold and dnufjtetiablo In Winter
wo have fri-iinit tsiiu, but n a tub tl.e are
not coll M.wlly xe,,,-,, ,t ta,, re t,q
Ihermumrtrr .Uinl. at friiiu It' to M l.nn,
eh lorn tn ,,xx as ,'L .leg... ..
Dik it blow much bin it r.i.ns N'.i it
vltlotii bl-.wt any when it ram.
Have you much .now , and doe. it lax lorg'
No. This Winter, fcur vcarn sin.c. wo had
none n, all; two years since lixe fn t, bit
Winter, in all, alout nlno iiielu.., and till"
Wint. r, to date, about the eaino as last. It
itioill all melts sway In a fnxv hour., .eldnili
Ijiug inoro than two day.
I lave you any frosts in Hllmmtr, I have
uot heat.l of, or seen any, in the past live
j eat..
1 it a good stock raining country Stock
doe. vx.ll herf, but needs w Inter protection,
it do.-, almost ever) where. Our winter,
ate so mild that the sevtral gnsc reiiuiu
gr.cn and growing all the .c.isoii.
Aid our apples good, and ranjoit rnliu
peaches ami gtupes Our apple, are ..xecllciit
but our nights are too c.ld here to siiccc..
fully raine putthes ami giapes.
Have yon g(MI market., and win re do you
market yourstull! Our matl.oU are the bet,
and exist all over Pncet Sound.
Most all the for. going relate, to Pueet
.solum iiin. j..iu f t, Cascadt. the ell
mute i iiimu variable. Ining colder in Winter
and warmer iu Summer
.Vow, .Mr. IMitor, I have answered immt all
thuitiftioiis propouiideil, and would ay to
your renlem xvho are any way comfortably
.ituited, look will btforo you leap. Moving
ulmut is an expensive luxury. 'I'M ta tnilya
line countiy, uud if I am correctly informed,
so also is Oregon.
Would advise anyone wanting to come hero
to live, liisl come and see; it will cost but
little to eome uud see. and i.i.rh .... s... ,.,..(
i ...... . '
...... ti.i.i.ne ncr' unci.
1 have not time tn answer pnvatu tiiiiuirie.
Itespectfillly, X. ,M. Hshl.t.s.iN.
'lite HjM.Uitu .Xlj.lerr.
Mr, II. O. Williamson, the father of tho
young man who so mjstciioinlyilii.appe.ired
fiom SH.kaii Falls, arrived in tho city on Fri
day, for the ptiqiosuof examining lint piop
eit found by Mr. Pelky suimi tittio last Full.
Upon his return to this city after viewing tho
tirects, Mr. Williamson pronounced them as
utiijiiestionibly those of his sou. From him
we I .mru that his son. C. M. WillU....,. .........
generally known as " 'Tient," was lust seen
mi .Mourn piuirm about the VOth of last July.
At that timn hu express. d his intention of
coining to Walla Walla, .ays the fmi, ,ltir.
mg the harvest. Nearly two wetks uller tho
rather visited tho sou's lanclt to sen how the
crop was getting along, uud saw u .mall patch
ol grmu had been cut and earned oil", evident.
Iy for a joum. y. Mr, Williamson is ratislled
that hi. sou has been foully deult with, aa ho
hail no n-ason whatever for leaving his homo,
and inclines to tho belief that tho murder was
committed in tho upper country, ami the team
le t at Air. Pelky's merely as a blind. Tim
missing man vas probably dressed in a black
coit and vest, with overalls, wore u No. 7,
hat and No. 8 boot, ami a well worn overcoat
i V.T.. . ' "" """ ". his possession
about 3100 when he left home. ,ii 10rH
.o ., ii aicneil grays. No tlace of them
ban so far been found. Mr. Williamson in
tuiids, us soon a. the snow disappears, irukiiur
a thorough search lor the body." ' tl.m emit
ami that the guilty party or parties bo found
wo trust any person knowing anything what,
ever of that which might tluow light ou Oib
mystery, wil e'i , , m,.icati. with m or
to It, (,. U iilmuisnii ut Spokau Falls,
nrilftP liy ntnilu rvi. 1... u....... !... . i ' '..
lie member of Commits from Oregon mav. j K ".."., "V,0..'I 0,l"u.lII ,llv'
w ,,j . ..., . un.ura uevween larin,ao.
lol'.Mi Uuii.Ty.Morris NeUon wai uu
tiial in the circuit court yesterday charged
with robbing a farinei named Winters ut tht
National Hotel a short timo ilnco, Tho jury
returned a verdict of "guilty as charged in
the indlotiimit." He will U touteuced to.
day,