4 WILLAMETTE FARMER: PORTLAND, OREGON, SEPTEMBER 23, 1881. Issued every Week by the TTILIAMKTTK PARMKIt VI IIMSHIMJ CO. TCnMS OFSUIlSCItllTIO.N. Due year, (l'ostafre palil) In advance 2.M Bl months, (Ptaae pal.l). In advance 1.25 Less than six months ill he, per month 25 ADVP.ltSlSINO MATES : Advertisements villi ho lnscrUil, providing tn aro reipcctablo, at the folio h Uhle of rates: nM Inrh rifsnacc ncr month e 2.&0 Three Inches of rpacc per month 0.00 One-hair column per momii " One column per month U..1.. nM.ln. anl.t trfit flTt niltllU'lltlOn. Publication MUttr No. I Wiislibixton htreet. Ip stairs, rooms No. f and f.1 SAVE THE FRUIT. Judging by tin: ic)ort of Kastcrn nows paners of llio tcrnldo dry Reason and loss of orchards, ns well as other crops, and tho con sequent enhanced price of all green fruits, and also of diied fiuitH, we may reasonably ex pect that there will he a fair market this Kail and Winter for nil good dried fruits from this coast. Drying fruit in the nun is a great waste of lalior and material, under many cir cumstances. Wo lately heard a merchant here read a letter fiom his partner in San Francisco, where ho spoko of sun-dried fruit as nothing hut skins, and Kaid much of it was worthless. Now we have always held that any person with ordinal y intelligence could build a dry house to cure frui' in, and believe it yet, but it is something to have a model to follow, after all, and as wo were disappointed n few weeks since in having fruit sacd ns wo expected, and needed n dryer, wo purchased one of the I'lummcr machines put up by J. W. Crawford, S-lom, and found it answered the purpose admirably. Experience, however, has taught us that such machines bhould be placed higher than tho projectors have pro vided for, Ho we iccomnicml that a brick foundation, well laid in moitar, be piepaied, M that the lowest tray of fiuit shall be at least three, or better still four feet above the healing apparatus, which will prevent any danger of burning the fruit and insuie a more uniform tempciatuie, and better woik all loillid. This is our Hiimuicr'H expel icuce, and as Mr. Crawfoid hends a man to put up the machines, it is well enough to secure about f(K) Inick and two hairels of mortar fur liiin to lay it in, in ease any of our subscribers buy a machine of him. What is worth doing at all is woith doing will, and as Oregon has choice fruit nalur nlly, it should bo prcpaicd 'litli such caio us to secure for the very nanio of "Oregon fruit" an excellent market. Whero a person has an J oichaiil, the investment needed to put up a good dryer is not a matter of a single season, but may bo considcied permanent. Tins or ehnids nlreidy in existence, and which will be allowed to shed their fruit for stock to eat, could pr.ducu a handsome levenuo for thu owners, if well managed, and diied fruit of tho belt posiildo ipiality can bo furnished, as well as that of infeiior grade. If you dry in the sun you hnxo to do all the woik necessary if you uo a machine, and commonly much mole, as the fruit his to be watched and tended with eaie, and taken ill if it rains. It is dillicult to liud loom lo diy any great qinu tity, and besides that, insects of all kinds will infest it, and yellow-jackets cat the best of it; so tint the lionscw i'ii has lots of tiouhlc on baud nil the while the opciation goes on. If j on have a drying nppir.itus, with wire cloth (rays, it will last a long while, and always bo in older at an hour's notice. Ti iity dollars i pcnded in linnbtr, shingles and nails will furnish the m.iteiiils for a eniriuodious house for the ill rr nml for winking room that will last a lifetime; and if ,u am a lit'le extrava gant, and do as wo did, and lav dow u a good dressed Moor, that J oil can mop oil clean when it becomes stiihy willi fruit juices and diit, j oil will ncM'l icgict it. It ia just as leason uhle to lull' a house and apparatus to dlj fruit, if )ou iniso fruit, as it is to have har vesting machines. I'l nit growing should be come a piofession milling farmers, and ntl'ord n relief from the monotony and iniccitiiuty of grain growing, whi.'h p.na'yzes the producer at times. It is tine that fruit cannot always be forced oil' as wheat cm, but the only way to ui.iko iiicliaida leliably piolit.ihbi is to bo' pup. u id to diy or can the pioduct in the very best manner, and t lit n put it on the market in such shape ns to command the icspect of mclehnuts and iiimiic the pitrou.ige of a good chits of customers. ISradshaw is not good to plant because it dries away tocHnuch to be profitable, which is not the case with all the others named, Colum bian and Washingtons come in to occupy the time until the 10th or middle of September, Another good plum as good as any there is is tho Yellow egg, which dries spendidly and bears uniformly. All tho plums named arc good bearers and considered fairly long lived and hardy. The Itcinc Claude is a small but most delicious plum and can bo dried to good advantage as a prune, as we discovered at .Shannon's dryer at East Portland, and is good cither whole or cut. The King of all plums is the Coe's golden drop, which dries well and heavy and cats diied as well as figs or raisins. The prunes arc all purp'c and come along in order through .September, commencing with tho l'etito prune d'Agcn, which though small makes a delicious dried fruit; the Ger- Imati an 1 Italian prunes come next, b ith g'od, but the Italian is considered chief among piunes. These thrco are established vaiieties and good bearers, but Mr. Oeo. W, Hunt, of Whitcaker, asserts that they will ndl live to be six years old, but we have a few healthy ones of that age that don't look at all liko dying. 1'ioin personal oxpciienco we commend the I'each plum, Wash'untoii, Columbia, Jeffer son, Yellow egg, anil Coo's golden drop as plums to commence drying August 1st., or sooner and continue until October loth, or perhaps later in cool seasons; while the I 'elite prune, Italian ami dcrmau prunes, ami too Jlcino Claude de llavay plums will last from August 20th for two mouths nearly, to dry whole or to cut up, as persons choose, but we think they should be diied with tho pits in. If there aio moio varieties equally as good it cannot b' any advantage ti plant too many kinds. HcioaioA 1 varieties that cover tho whole dcabon and have known maikctable nine. If any of these are not hardy or do not bear legularly, then it might bo well lo plant only those that do, but it seems prefer able to havo a few varieties of known value t'inii to cxpciimcut in many kinds to find many of them unprofitable, flood oichaidists give the highest possible charade r to all these fruits. So far as the yield of diied Iruit can be stated, we think that tho above named when pitted, will yield one fourth their weight green, while prunes, cuicd whole, should yield one pou. d for thice, or at least thiity per cent, of dricil fruit. Apples yield one pound in eight or ten, and w ill not tell for more than half thu price of plums and piuncs. Some varieties of plums and prunes aro woith- lu's because they dry away almost entiiely, but tho varieties wo have named weigh heavy dried and also hao superior flavor, We have siino ,'!00 Itaitlctt pear tieis that coininceiiccd bearing this year and we diied tho fruit, making a delicious product that no other pear can eipial, and as the liaitlett pear ia certain to bo a valuable aiticle to ship green and is most valuable of all pears to can, it is natural to lielicxo tlrjt we ought to plant out very large orchards of that variety, ns they have done in California and are already leaping tho advantage. growers arc mistaken in their figures j that the surplus from 1880 was 700,000, ami the surplus for 1881 is 000,000 tons, making a total of 1,300,000 tons, of which there is shipped 200,000 tons, leaving the quantity to be shipped 1,100,000 tons, instead of OJO.000 tons as stated. If they have miscalculated, the error may be fatal to their success in put ting down freights ; but if they hold their wheat for a rise the effect must be favorable, and we arc prepared to urge all whocanafford to do so to hold in Oregon, simply because it will be suicidal to fill shippers' wants ahead, which they did early in September in Cali fornia, and the consequence is that exporters now look on, waiting for prices to drop. The aspect of the tonnage matter on the Columbia river is about as follows: The wheat held over from last year added to the crop of 18S1, for the whole Columbia region can be safely placed at 300,000 toas, and the tontiajre on tho way and in port, and the ships already loaded sinco August 1st, will take off al'out half of this quantity, leaving another hall to be provided for by vessels not yet reported. We are surprised to know of the great num ber and capacity of ships on the way, which is far in excess both as regards California and Oregon of tho situation ono year ago, and wc may expect that this great llect will be rapidly augmented as tho wants of this country become known. The effect of this action of California wheat growers will cer tainly bo favorable to Oregon, ns it will have a tendency to turn ships to the Columbia liver in preference to California, as ship owncre will consider the action of wheat growers thcio hostile to their interests. Coder these circumstances it may not be ad visable for our producers to take any public action in the premises that would deter ves sels; but they can prudently hold their crops a3 far as they aro able, and see what will happen. Tho most wo can hopo is to pi event speculation in charters, but we can hardly ex pect to get ships at less than tho price con tracted' before they leavo Livcrp ml. So far as we can judge from tho worM's crop ie pjits, there is more leasiu to expect an ad vance than nnv decline in breadstuff's. GARFIELD IS DEAD. Tas nearly midnight when his ll(tht went out. n,n tliitlv the ulres. with IL-htnln? flash. Proclaimed through all the land : " Uarfleld Is doad 1' the weary millions slumbered, with tho heavy sleep rt.nf nnlnl. nil llht OHS Of DlO toilsOIHO d.1V 1 Hut eacrt where, through cities great, through town 1...I .IllaVn uliLre'er the electric word was stilt, (or w here a clanging hell could take the tale a n,i ilirnw lis harden on the mournful wind blow tolling echoes gave it utterance, and Each solemn peal re-said : " Garfield Is dead r The deepest tones from grand, cathedral dome rho rude, wild clangor of tho fire alarm The sellout-house hilfrey and the factory tower Ml said the same sad onl mat no was ueaii. DROUTH AT THE EAST. WHAT CAN WHEAT GROWERS DO? GOOD VARIETIES OF PLUMS TO DRY A friend requests us togno n statement of tljo dilli'icnt varieties of plums and prunes to dry, and so we make a statement so far ns our knuwodgo extends, not pretending to say that other varieties may not also i ,iluable. It is getting towauls Fall, and October will Kn good season fr planting out tiers ami our leaders should know what tltTi to pin cuii' nnd who to proem them of. Our nun oicluud is planted with I'each plums, Columbian, Washington, liradsliaw s, Coe's golden drops, and Iteino Claudes, which ripen somewhat in Ihooulcrof their naming. This year all fruit ripened two or thro weeks in advance of tho usual time, nnd fruit that was supposed to hang on the trees through OetolKT, was gone by tho middle of Septem ber, totting tho tule of fruit grow eiii at ilcfi. mice. Tho I'each plum diioa well mid is quite tart, coming always oaily in August nnd this year were in their pi line with us the middle of July. Tho Peach is said to Ik a late heater nml will not produce plentifully until eight yearn old; wo had perhaps ten bushels on four hundred trees six years old thu Tall. A tho Vach plum is inaikcUblo fruit and counu in eai licit of nil tho good drying varieties, it is therefore important to commence w ith tlioui. The Utter vit of August the Coluuibu come along nnd so doe the Washington. I'each, Columbia and Bradsluw aro all dark purple Wo publish on the inside, this week, the full report, from tho J'nrijic h'unil I 'fen, of tho w heat growers' meeting at San Francisco September (Ith, and we give on the outside tho fuither lepoit of their conclusions at their second meeting, wheie (hey icsolved to hold their wheat foi one dollar. The matter is now bcfoie us to consider how f.irmeis of Oregon and Washington can help themselves in this saum connection. We have also pub liihed several appeals Iroin our ow'n sub scribe! s on the same subject, urging their fel low f.irmeis to resolve not to sell at cm rent figures, and claiming that we are justly enti tled to receive a dollar a bushel. Wo hat o liucil sorely bl lined because last year the II i.amktii. 1 kmui boldly took this same giouud, and insisted that tonnage could bo held ill check bv the united action of wheat grow eis, but we have no doubt that tho position of this paper kept wheat up all the I 'all and to Jamiaty, IHS1, at least ten cents a bushel, and so was of gieat use to the public; but tho situation now nod then do not eonespond. A yoir ago it was not be lieved that California had oer 800,000 tons mi pins, and it was not pmbable that over 1100,000 tons would be sold at going lates. Wo ilncoveicd that much mote ti'iiuaga was on me way man was auiiouueeil, ami our position was based on tho belief that with 800,000 tons of shipping dming tho year there would bo enough to answer all the needs of both California and Oregon. How well wo computed tho extent of tonnage available is showr, that, although some of our contempt) latiet ndiouled our position anil denoimetd us bitterly, tho actual shipments of wheat from Sail rraueisco and tho Columbia liver from July I, 1SS0 to July 1, ISS1 nggregated 000,000 tons, and tho only reason that ton nage did not tleolitio ns wo expected wns Us. cause California hail a surplus of twenty mil lion buMiels nliove the 800,000 tons calculated upon in tho Tall, Since that time the world has developed an actual scarcity of shipping to answer tho uses of commerce, nnd we know that exporters aro contracting for tonnage to airier in Do comber and January at SOs. per ton, while it is estimated that the surplus of the const held over from 1SS0, added to tho surplus of JSSl, will make a total of 1,1100,000 tons at 'least, illicitly shipped or to bo shipped, if possible, the present harvest year. The wheat growers of California assert that the amount ready for shipment has Wen greatly ovorostuiatoil ; that the total surplus of 1SS0 nml ISSI, now remaining, will not exceed KA 000 tons, mid that vosstls known U on the way and now in poit, ha-e capacity that exceeds 700,000 short tons ; o that fully tin eo-fourths of the possible, surplus is already provided for. Sa California farmers resolve to hold their xvheat for one dollar, though it I'lom early in July until now there has prevailed a terrible drouth through the mid dle and Atlantic States, reaching from the Missi-sippi liver to New York, and extending Southward almost to tho Gulf of Mexico. Tliis drouth was not in time to injiitc the wheat crop generally, but it comes with terri ble effect on corn fields, pastures, orchards and gaidcns, and in Michigan several coun ties of forest lands were burned over, ten thousand people left homeless, nnd one thousand supposed to be burned to death ; a harrowing talc of suffering such as, thank 3od, we seldom hear. This disastrous drouth that has cause 1 such unprecedented loss and suffering, nnd has spread for over two months over such a vast area of territory, must ndtl to tho loss of crops by Usscning tho yield of corn and vege. tables, and also of fruit. In Michigan dried app'es, that would not bring over 3 cents a pound last Spring, were rculily sold at 7 cuts litely, nnd green fruit of all descriptions was selhjig at the Kast at far ab.ivo custom ary juices. Tho dis'iess to be caused by this terrible dry season is only a matter of conjee t u iv, but it may produce serious effects on general piospuity if its effects me so wide spread and disastrous as we see repoi ted by tel.grap'i nnd in llastcin papers. multitude of friends to favor him. In all this community it seemed difficult to name one more favored by Nature, with kinder heart and more agreeable manners, but the. demon of drink was able to change all this, and did change it, so that this model husband, father, friend and citizen, became an infuri ate beast who was dangerous to his best loved family nnd dreaded by his best friends. In a miserable, drunken brawl, ho was killed the other day, and went down to a dishonored. grave. Those who knew mm of oltl buried him with kind hands and irrievine hearts, foi they remembered that when ho -s hi.nselThes,ecpingl in was an that Ktnt ncss.courtesv, iium oreeu-kivo ccs that waken lo wee nngsaiu. t.arueiu iiut"i i ing antl a tender heart could make him, butgiic whom we all had learned to lme so well ; ., . ,,..., , .i, ,, iff . ...nr-iKIIc whom we placed so many hopes upon the story of his life and death has left a inoraljflstril(.k uo j vrime hj an assassin's hand. wo must not neglect. Let us remember hitng njc gnni M nolhcr ualtln? mevage (rom her " hoy always as ho was at his best, but let us alsoBllcard the cold hells proclaim that lie was dead ; ' .,, , . ,. . ,i . .. ,Brruewifeaseterlitcdlojkcdonastle.ith learn with now hatred to denounce this llciulBrja,l.(iti,1t loved husband for his own. intemperance that seeks out the noblest, natures to destroy them anil bring wretched- . - 4 n . -s. tn.. .. fnlllnn IMiia IB (in Cillimilill-I ,.cs, it, u ..any ,........ .... "'"b-"'ni,lk.edsnnlshed. After weeks of asony, case, for tho history of life and death is madeThe mat n r sleeps tho long, unending sleep, up of such instances and so many .ad. fear-A,ul ..C-u.-' fid wrecks strew the sands of time that wcMThe story of his noble life ho told .. , .. . , , . . W To gito the world's ambition higher scope must trace tliam to their cause and detcriinnea(Ti,.v,,,. n.i-pi,c kiiait cam new thought of life how far we are responsible for the state of Inicolilsnallnon Jcritand lcamtodle. society that makes such things poible. Thegn ; sha 1 1 . w '' -, land is lull ot pitialls into wlncli tte unwarysshall he : Washington, Lincoln, uarfleld. stumble, intemperance could not exist if wc could abolish the cause; the evils that afflict society from this source multiply as wo look on them: this curse fills our jails, asylums Midi poor houses, besides causing the despoilments of so many thousand homes; it leads to death, suicide and murder; it goes hand-tn-hauil with every other crime and builds a highway toll 1, Oh, saddest hour ' Oh, weary world I Dark fate, L'ould'st thou not take one not so w ell helot cd 1 Was there not one less lit to lite than lie 1 H. A. C. DEATH OF TnE PRESIDENT. COUNTY FAIRS. fruit, nml dry w ell, but will not suit o wel for caiming light colorssl fruit is demanded remains to lw seen if enough ot them can hold for that purpose, but it u tafti to say that the their crops to sensibly affect the market, world will soon overcome that prejudice. The The San Francisco Mrixhaul tayathe wheat I.iim County Agricultural l'air is to be held next week at the grounds ot tho association near Albany and as t licit' is to be no Statu l'air this Kilt the farmers of l.iim and sur rounding counties should spare no effort to make this fair a success in o cry particular. .Marion, Uentoii and l.iue county fanners can all take an interest in this fair and bring their products an I their stock for exhibit. A fair of this kind is not merely a local interest but ledoiiuds to tho credit of the whole State, especially when mi State l'air is held in the Kail, as is tho I'aso this year. Wo should have been glad to have our friends in I.inu county send us cniumuiiic.itious on this sub ject as it would htvo been a pleasure for us to do anything in our poner to aid this effort, and not having any such information furnish ed we havo taken what we have found in the Alb my papers. Tho following week Wash ington County l'air will bo held at Hillsboro, as the fanners of that county susuin their association to the best of tl.eir nbility, always. If the weather continues favorable we sh ill look for largo attendance at both pl.u cs. A FEABFUL LESSON. Last week wo announced tho minder at a low drinking place on l'oss' Island, in the river near Pintl.uid, of James A. Snii h, who was lately clerk of this lounty and cry popular and much respected as the possessor of many tine qualities, including a wry liberal and ten der heart. Two years ago we saw him at the Court House in this city, iu the clerk's office, when his little children brought him his lunch ono day, and were struck with the great af fection ho showed towards them, repeatedly kissing them More they returned home. Within a month from that time wo were shocked to hear that when intoxicated he did some act that i-aimsl or battened the death of one of these same children, and that in a lit of intoxication ho had almost killed his wife. His friends interfered nnd had him temporar ily i-ontined in the Insane As!um. Ho soon after left tho remunerative office to which ho had Ik on twice elected as a popular fat onto, and from that time his course went dowuwnrd with fearful elovity . 1 1 U-came necessary to procure a divorce for his wife and that made him worse yet. Ho sank to lowest depths. x lien himself, uith was an affable ami ac complished mm of business and univer sally popular. His official gains should have made him independent for life; he was atill young and had the world before him ami a :o tho icry gates of hell, but it is licensed liyjfl aw and has tho full unqualified support oloj both the State and National governments Shall this go on foreer and forever? Shall4 time bi ing no cure? Must humanity bo de gradetl antl destioycd by this curse that lnakcsjl lienils of men and demons of women, and have no end ? And the inquiry comes home to us, who arc not drunkards and have taxessj to pay antl the duties of citizenship to main tain: What can we do to assist a needed re formation ? Wo can refuse to countenance the evil in any form and can woik and vote with those who demand legislation to check! its course. We can labor for tho abolition of tho manufacture and sale of alcoholic stimulants, for that is the only possible rem edy, and half-way measures will have no true' effect. The men who insisted on tho abolition of slavery were right and they labored long to cicate the public sentiment necessary to bring1 it about. The friends of temperance must work steadily and perpetually for tho same cud, and in time the end will be attained. It may be generations or even centuries off, but we, and those after us, must fight with faitl and perseverance for this and all other great moral ends, nnd even as men now wonder; that blavery was ever possible, so in the iiiillcuium when drunkenness cannot exist, the woihlof mankind who shall bo clothed in their right minds will read the terrible history of tho drunkenness of past ages and wonder that such things were ever possible as they! shudder at the recital. Monday evening tho noiseless wires sent to every village between the oceans tho dreaded but expected news that the President was lead. Through all tho hills nnd vnlleys the . . . ii. p .... i i ,.:ii ,m myr.au ueus oi cues, eowus ui.u "'-o-HMisa Mary K. strong ami Mr tolled, in mouruiuicuoius, io uto giic-iii ingiu, mil tho millions pf our people knew the meaning without a spoken word, otiong men who had waited lor tins word lor 'months broke into weeping ; women and Jchildren shed their tears, and tho nation was lost in a sorrow that has all tho world for its participants. The long weeks of expectancy, lutead of lessening, havo rendered more poignant the universal grief, because the in tervening time lias brought tho common heart of America's grand humanity iuto close uablo showing in two particulars, as it con firms tho statement that Odessa wheat is rust proof, nnd also shows that it would bo more productive than most other -arieties. Anoth er important matter in relation to it is; What kiuu oi uour uoes in uiaKe anu what is its mar. ket valuo compared with tho best white wheats? If it will sell well, even at i:i.i liscotmt, and can be planted in Sprinc with safety from rust with certainty of producing well, then our farmers xvho sow Spring grain ' havo especial use for it. It is probable that theso gentlemen ran supply a limited demand for clean seed nf the Odessa variety, and those xvho wish to sow rust proof grain next Spring can learn further particulars by addressing Messrs. Beatty and I'ngli, balem. U lien traveling last Summer through tho country, wc heard of snn,0 per sons whoso wheat was severely injured by rust, nnd it made its nppcaranco on the leaves of wheat in many localities, on the straw also in many instances, doing a considerable dam- J ago in a -cry few cases. While rust very sel lout causes much loss, yet in x-iew of tho mil- lions of damage resulting from it in '79, every farmer who sows Spring grain xvill suffer less trouble and apprehension, if he knows his ecd was rust proof. The straw and chaff of this variety appear very hard with an enamel 1 -d surface, which no doubt protects it against this terrible parasite. A Happy Marriage. Wc receive cards of the marriage, last Tues day, at the house of Mr. and Mrs. Klisha 'Strong, at Salem, parents of the bride, of Wm. S. Kin ney, son of the late Kobert Kinney. We have known both tho young people for many years land consider the union particulaily congenial anil calculated to insure happiness. Both come from pioneer stock, and we know that their parents possessed the very best qualities of citizenship and private worth. Kobert Kinney left a namo that was irreproachable, and he xvas eminently successful in business. Atleast a quarter of a century ago we attend ed the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Strong and ll.'f. V.llinil lltm. I.IAIIilall.n m.n n. ...... i ., ... .1 . .1 J.....U ,..u,i ...... iiiuinouiu uvu since. sympathy with the great man whoso lossxveJAi ..,,.., , ,, J , ..,., ., , , , i . SAbout the best xvish xve can givo theso x-ouns people is that they may be xvorthy of their parentage and livo to win the respect and DEATH of MRS. JUDQE WAT30N. Mrs. Isabella Watson, wife of Hon. , I. K. Watson, Judge of .the Second Judicial Dis trict, died at their home in Roscburg lastj mourn, and with the family who have lately ;so nobly sustained him. Tho picture of that long death bed, of that primitive but grand old mother iu Ohio who stood so often at nci loor waiting for some word or token from her "boy ;" of that devoted wife who has so well earned tho love and sympathy of all human ity, xvill go down in story and history, on canvass and in marble, among the storied recollections ot all tunc. Hut while wc grieve for him and mourn with them, tho nation sorrows for itself, because such a terrible fate has robbed it of the noblest and the best, and taken, in his very prime, the man chosen foi our ruler, upon xvhom such a wealth of hopes lepcntled. General Garfield was sonicthfue more than i political aspirant ho xvas a statesman, whoso counsels had been prominent in Con ,'ress, anil whose moderation commanded tin ,love nnd admiration of his political opponent. He was the typical American, who had stir mounted tho obstacles of poverty and igno ranee, xvho commenced at the bottom and esteem they inherit, for there is no doubt that "Blood will tell." Splendid Potato Samples. A few days since xve received a package con taining half a dozen potatoes. They xvere long and smooth and made a nice appear ance. Mr. A. ii. linns, of lilkton, sent them, and also sends' tho following remarks concerning them: "I also send you by mail a sample of a new potato which xve received from the Commis sioner of Agriculture as a variety that had been sent from Peru. Tho first two years hoy did not seem to do well, but this season they did very well; in fact I had tho largest yield of any early potato I ever raised, and ilfo tho best flax'ored. The first that we dug this Spring xvas on June 4th, nnd they xvere almost grown. They aro earlier and much more prolific than any other potato I have had experience xvith. If any person xvauts to I......... i . . . ci.inocu iuoja.ii.er ny sen cuorc, ac Uiriiij.fBullvthcmI have a few that j win selI ueii itu eiiucaiion ami literary research as seldom is gained by the most fortunate in birth and position, rising from ono station Thursday, of a brief and severe illness, andfinto another, filling all well, and growing into tho news of her sudden decease sent a thrillgt'ie heaits of all who knew him as ho toiled ti.rougu social circles wlicro she was wcIlHlI1(i won his weary way upward. When wa. known and a popular favorite. Mrs. Watson..,, ,10 turned from peaceful pursuits, and was young, beautiful and very attraclive..on reputation most honorable on fields ol lite world seemed to promio her uncoininoi,iiattle. Laving down the sword ho entered .i..,.,....., ...... ,. iieiigiiiiui uome, an allec-SJComrrcss to frame nml mnbl Wiabitw ,..,M Iclightful home, tionate li.iab.iml antl one child who inherited her beauty and grace. Sho was tho daughtei of A. 1!. Flint, Ksq., of lioseburg, one ot scv-1 oral daughters, all of whom possess more than' ordinary attractions. Her sudden death has' a skill and conscience equalled by none of his associates ; and when in tho midst of its louhts and rivalries the Chicago Conx-entionS placed him before the world as its candidate. the nation rallied to his support as a fit em inof i nlixnin ni'nsi .! ,"!.. f f 1. . 1 . 1 v. .. b.Uv,.i. ..... .. .imueiicie m irienns nasw,,,,- . ,-, t), . .. .... .shadowed n Miarmini, l.n, i.,.l 1 l.t . ST" ' '" '""" """ l"-'P" " ..... ., ....mni iiuillli (lllll J1UI1UI L MH'SM .. ?! 1 1 t- -w . ., , . ; . o fcjixmerican itica antl mane nun President. row to the hearts of parents and many rela-H n . 1 1 i i .... ,. , if- i i ui.iiiyreiaH Oarheld had won, e-en in manhood's prime, "'" ,-",,i """ ""ouu can wnto ineT!.!. i.:,.i, i i ii .....i ....... . . ... , . , , . PV,,U i'S,,l!,f 'iui'vio euu weiiiu count uesiow, grief of tho husband who cherished her lifeSLi,:i fi, ,..! .. .f..i ....:.. ...... attiw utuvid "IIU lUU DUtv.i;i331UI tVillly 1U1 l!lUIl wi h tendei est care. Death is tho universal lot, but it seems sail to die so young and leave' so much of youth antl joy behind. The young1 people of our family had just returned from a' delightful visit at Judge Watson's, nnd came home, full of gratification at the warmth of; hospitality that had welcomed them and made' their brief stay a life memory. It is difficult to understand, much less express, tho grief with xx inch they hear so soon, and suddenly tli.it the welcoming lips are silent and light ofi those eyes gone out foi ever. Manufacture of Agricultural Implements . It is often a matter of wonder thai manu facturing is not carried on here, especially of afarming tools, as xvo havo xvood and iron of native production to make them of, and it nay bo interesting uexrs to many readers that W. T. Guiy it Co., of Salem, have now ex tensive works nt the agricultural building, under the management of J, M. Patterson, whero tney make plows, cultix'ators and road scrapers of the best kinds. They have com menced to make steel plows ami propose to extend their operations to include all kinds of steel and chilled iron plows. Their Monitor cultivator is' a great success, gotten up by themselves, and gives good satisfaction. They have sold large sized cultivators to Col. Ne smith and Hon. J. B. Stump, of Polk county, who consider them just tho thing. They u.m-k every lew ,veeKs, ow ing no doubt to1 its xvant of confidence in itself, a certain' newspaper that need not be named, recites to its readers the catalogue of its virtues. It reminds us of the graudiloqucnce of poor old Christopher Swinesburger, who, if still alivcj is now in tho Insane Asylum, but used, quarter of a century ago, to have n harmless notoriety at Salem. He had served in the army, and his usual expression when a little full wast " Who whips the British? General Scott; who xrhips the Mexicans? General Taylor; xvho saves tho people? General Pierce; who does all the bnsiness? Christopher Swines burger, miVi ijfltlf and according to our con temporary n 11 noes mi me nusiness, soB there is no excuse for any fair iniudcd man to take any other newspaper x hatever, for it is' more religious than the .liftwtirv or Church wtiN'hnd among the catalogno of its cmin ent virtues it publishes more about agriculture than nuy fariuinir journal in the United States. Now, if nil theso things are so, the reading public aro intelligent enough to know it w ithout bein,; told of it in monthly parti and if not so which it is not then there is fraud somewhere, antl an attempt to pass counterfeit coin upon the public. It does seem as if a ucwspapsr that by chance, and very favoring circumstances, happens to have a field practically to itself, might exist xvith out show ing continual jealousy of the HVf Short, the Catholic Seutiml, SmKti HVfVoixr, and the liural Spirit. to later yeats. During the few months lu filled tho picsidential chair he had laid tin foundation for an administration w'hich hi hoped would benefit tho nation, and the terri lo erimo that ended in his death, taken with all tho attending circumstances, had knit till nation s heart to him in closest bonds. Kvery possible hopo of tho popular mind xvas based on his recovery. His death stills all prejudice kind faction, and his nation mid the xvholt world nrc his mourners. Tho murder of tho President came as a re sult of a great defect and criminal practice in our political system, i he greed for ollice.tht spoils system that has grown liko a canker in our politics, the claim of Congressmen to con trol patronage for their personal following, has culminated in tins dastard act. Ameri cans must never rest until tho evil is eradica. ted and our civil service reformesl as it needs to be. It may have been necessary that this noble victim should be sacrificed to rouse the Nation to a sense of duty, and his martyrdom should not be in x-ain. v-nester a. Arthur is President of thd United States. He cannot have failed to read tho popular mind and understand what hisl people expect of him. His conduct duringl una xerriuio emergency lias done much to dis arm prejudice and win confidence. Fifty millions of American citizens live with the hope that ho will prove a worthy successor of .-....... r .i.artield and will carry out the beneficent policy he inaugurated, RUST PROOF WHEAT-ODESSA. Messrs. Beatty and l'ugh, of Salem, sendusa1 boy containing a sample of Odessa red wheat that is perfectly clean and white in chaff and stalk; and they also enclose some heads of Club wheat, that grew among it that is badlx rusted, which confirms the claim put up for me lAirssa variety mat it is rust ttrrvtf Mciirs. Beatty and Pugh also inform us that it is very productive, for three pecks per acre produces! a yield of 20 bushels. This is a vil-' make a simplo road scraper intended to either pull Equaro or diagonal, that has been trisd on Mnaion county roads xvith cntiro satisfac tion. When you go to Salem it xvill be good policy to give them a call. The New Northwest. This enterprising paper and advocate of woman's suffrage has recently made vnluablo improvements in the appearance of its pages. But now they again further improve by using tinted paper. Tba typographical work on tho Xorthtcat is faultless. Besides a largo amount of interesting reading matter they are now publishing an original serial, by Mr. A. A. Cleveland, entitled "Tho Beginning of the End." Great credit is due the Duniway boys for their able and fruitful efforts to make their journal the best and neatest paper in Oregon. Resources of Oregon and Washington David and V. G. Steel have laid before us copy of the above named publication fur Ju ly and August. It is compiled for Eastern distribution, and is neat in typographical ap pearance, ilie trontis-piece is a colored map of Oregon, Washington ami Western Idaho which is in itself a x-aluable item. PersonaL During the past week Mr. D. C. Ireland, kf the Atlorian, called upon us. We learn 'from him that he has disposed of the Attorian and will turn it over on the first of the coming month to the new management. A reaiier asks us to ascertain when the Washington Territory fair begins. It is held atOlympia but are not advised when it opens. Will some of our Territorial subscribers let us know concerning the above. Died.. On the 10th of August, Laura A., beloved wife of Mr. R. J. Bowles, of East Portland. She leaves an infant child four months old. We are under obligations to Mr. J. O. WHteaker for copies of late Xew Zealand ja pe rs.