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About Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 23, 1881)
WILLAMETTE FARMER: PORTLAND, OREGON, SEPTEMBER 23, 1881.
Issued every Week by the
TTILIAMKTTK PARMKIt VI IIMSHIMJ CO.
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ADVP.ltSlSINO MATES :
Advertisements villi ho lnscrUil, providing tn aro
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U..1.. nM.ln. anl.t trfit flTt niltllU'lltlOn.
Publication MUttr No. I Wiislibixton htreet. Ip
stairs, rooms No. f and f.1
SAVE THE FRUIT.
Judging by tin: ic)ort of Kastcrn nows
paners of llio tcrnldo dry Reason and loss of
orchards, ns well as other crops, and tho con
sequent enhanced price of all green fruits, and
also of diied fiuitH, we may reasonably ex
pect that there will he a fair market this Kail
and Winter for nil good dried fruits from this
coast. Drying fruit in the nun is a great
waste of lalior and material, under many cir
cumstances. Wo lately heard a merchant
here read a letter fiom his partner in San
Francisco, where ho spoko of sun-dried fruit
as nothing hut skins, and Kaid much of it was
worthless. Now we have always held that
any person with ordinal y intelligence could
build a dry house to cure frui' in, and believe
it yet, but it is something to have a model to
follow, after all, and as wo were disappointed
n few weeks since in having fruit sacd ns wo
expected, and needed n dryer, wo purchased
one of the I'lummcr machines put up by J.
W. Crawford, S-lom, and found it answered
the purpose admirably. Experience, however,
has taught us that such machines bhould be
placed higher than tho projectors have pro
vided for, Ho we iccomnicml that a brick
foundation, well laid in moitar, be piepaied,
M that the lowest tray of fiuit shall be at
least three, or better still four feet above the
healing apparatus, which will prevent any
danger of burning the fruit and insuie a more
uniform tempciatuie, and better woik all
loillid. This is our Hiimuicr'H expel icuce, and
as Mr. Crawfoid hends a man to put up the
machines, it is well enough to secure about
f(K) Inick and two hairels of mortar fur liiin
to lay it in, in ease any of our subscribers
buy a machine of him.
What is worth doing at all is woith doing
will, and as Oregon has choice fruit nalur
nlly, it should bo prcpaicd 'litli such caio us
to secure for the very nanio of "Oregon fruit"
an excellent market. Whero a person has an J
oichaiil, the investment needed to put up a
good dryer is not a matter of a single season,
but may bo considcied permanent. Tins or
ehnids nlreidy in existence, and which will
be allowed to shed their fruit for stock to eat,
could pr.ducu a handsome levenuo for thu
owners, if well managed, and diied fruit of
tho belt posiildo ipiality can bo furnished, as
well as that of infeiior grade. If you dry in
the sun you hnxo to do all the woik necessary
if you uo a machine, and commonly much
mole, as the fruit his to be watched and
tended with eaie, and taken ill if it rains. It
is dillicult to liud loom lo diy any great qinu
tity, and besides that, insects of all kinds will
infest it, and yellow-jackets cat the best of it;
so tint the lionscw i'ii has lots of tiouhlc on
baud nil the while the opciation goes on. If
j on have a drying nppir.itus, with wire cloth
(rays, it will last a long while, and always bo
in older at an hour's notice. Ti iity dollars
i pcnded in linnbtr, shingles and nails will
furnish the m.iteiiils for a eniriuodious house
for the ill rr nml for winking room that will
last a lifetime; and if ,u am a lit'le extrava
gant, and do as wo did, and lav dow u a good
dressed Moor, that J oil can mop oil clean when
it becomes stiihy willi fruit juices and diit,
j oil will ncM'l icgict it. It ia just as leason
uhle to lull' a house and apparatus to dlj
fruit, if )ou iniso fruit, as it is to have har
vesting machines. I'l nit growing should be
come a piofession milling farmers, and ntl'ord
n relief from the monotony and iniccitiiuty of
grain growing, whi.'h p.na'yzes the producer
at times. It is tine that fruit cannot always
be forced oil' as wheat cm, but the only way
to ui.iko iiicliaida leliably piolit.ihbi is to bo'
pup. u id to diy or can the pioduct in the
very best manner, and t lit n put it on the
market in such shape ns to command the
icspect of mclehnuts and iiimiic the pitrou.ige
of a good chits of customers.
ISradshaw is not good to plant because it dries
away tocHnuch to be profitable, which is not
the case with all the others named, Colum
bian and Washingtons come in to occupy the
time until the 10th or middle of September,
Another good plum as good as any there is
is tho Yellow egg, which dries spendidly and
bears uniformly. All tho plums named arc
good bearers and considered fairly long lived
and hardy. The Itcinc Claude is a small but
most delicious plum and can bo dried to good
advantage as a prune, as we discovered at
.Shannon's dryer at East Portland, and is good
cither whole or cut. The King of all plums
is the Coe's golden drop, which dries well and
heavy and cats diied as well as figs or raisins.
The prunes arc all purp'c and come along in
order through .September, commencing
with tho l'etito prune d'Agcn, which though
small makes a delicious dried fruit; the Ger-
Imati an 1 Italian prunes come next, b ith g'od,
but the Italian is considered chief among
piunes. These thrco are established vaiieties
and good bearers, but Mr. Oeo. W, Hunt, of
Whitcaker, asserts that they will ndl live to
be six years old, but we have a few healthy
ones of that age that don't look at all liko
1'ioin personal oxpciienco we commend the
I'each plum, Wash'untoii, Columbia, Jeffer
son, Yellow egg, anil Coo's golden drop as
plums to commence drying August 1st., or
sooner and continue until October loth, or
perhaps later in cool seasons; while the I 'elite
prune, Italian ami dcrmau prunes, ami too
Jlcino Claude de llavay plums will last from
August 20th for two mouths nearly, to dry
whole or to cut up, as persons choose, but we
think they should be diied with tho pits in.
If there aio moio varieties equally as good it
cannot b' any advantage ti plant too many
kinds. HcioaioA 1 varieties that cover tho
whole dcabon and have known maikctable
nine. If any of these are not hardy or do
not bear legularly, then it might bo well lo
plant only those that do, but it seems prefer
able to havo a few varieties of known value
t'inii to cxpciimcut in many kinds to find
many of them unprofitable, flood oichaidists
give the highest possible charade r to all these
fruits. So far as the yield of diied Iruit can
be stated, we think that tho above named
when pitted, will yield one fourth their
weight green, while prunes, cuicd whole,
should yield one pou. d for thice, or at least
thiity per cent, of dricil fruit. Apples yield
one pound in eight or ten, and w ill not tell for
more than half thu price of plums and piuncs.
Some varieties of plums and prunes aro woith-
lu's because they dry away almost entiiely,
but tho varieties wo have named weigh heavy
dried and also hao superior flavor, We have
siino ,'!00 Itaitlctt pear tieis that coininceiiccd
bearing this year and we diied tho fruit,
making a delicious product that no other pear
can eipial, and as the liaitlett pear ia certain
to bo a valuable aiticle to ship green and is
most valuable of all pears to can, it is natural
to lielicxo tlrjt we ought to plant out very
large orchards of that variety, ns they have
done in California and are already leaping tho
growers arc mistaken in their figures j that
the surplus from 1880 was 700,000, ami the
surplus for 1881 is 000,000 tons, making a
total of 1,300,000 tons, of which there is
shipped 200,000 tons, leaving the quantity to
be shipped 1,100,000 tons, instead of OJO.000
tons as stated. If they have miscalculated,
the error may be fatal to their success in put
ting down freights ; but if they hold their
wheat for a rise the effect must be favorable,
and we arc prepared to urge all whocanafford
to do so to hold in Oregon, simply because it
will be suicidal to fill shippers' wants ahead,
which they did early in September in Cali
fornia, and the consequence is that exporters
now look on, waiting for prices to drop.
The aspect of the tonnage matter on the
Columbia river is about as follows: The wheat
held over from last year added to the crop of
18S1, for the whole Columbia region can be
safely placed at 300,000 toas, and the tontiajre
on tho way and in port, and the ships already
loaded sinco August 1st, will take off al'out
half of this quantity, leaving another hall to
be provided for by vessels not yet reported.
We are surprised to know of the great num
ber and capacity of ships on the way, which
is far in excess both as regards California
and Oregon of tho situation ono year ago,
and wc may expect that this great llect will
be rapidly augmented as tho wants of this
country become known. The effect of this
action of California wheat growers will cer
tainly bo favorable to Oregon, ns it will have
a tendency to turn ships to the Columbia
liver in preference to California, as ship
owncre will consider the action of wheat
growers thcio hostile to their interests.
Coder these circumstances it may not be ad
visable for our producers to take any public
action in the premises that would deter ves
sels; but they can prudently hold their crops
a3 far as they aro able, and see what will
happen. Tho most wo can hopo is to pi event
speculation in charters, but we can hardly ex
pect to get ships at less than tho price con
tracted' before they leavo Livcrp ml. So far
as we can judge from tho worM's crop ie
pjits, there is more leasiu to expect an ad
vance than nnv decline in breadstuff's.
GARFIELD IS DEAD.
Tas nearly midnight when his ll(tht went out.
n,n tliitlv the ulres. with IL-htnln? flash.
Proclaimed through all the land : " Uarfleld Is doad 1'
the weary millions slumbered, with tho heavy sleep
rt.nf nnlnl. nil llht OHS Of DlO toilsOIHO d.1V 1
Hut eacrt where, through cities great, through town
1...I .IllaVn uliLre'er the electric word was stilt,
(or w here a clanging hell could take the tale
a n,i ilirnw lis harden on the mournful wind
blow tolling echoes gave it utterance, and
Each solemn peal re-said : " Garfield Is dead r
The deepest tones from grand, cathedral dome
rho rude, wild clangor of tho fire alarm
The sellout-house hilfrey and the factory tower
Ml said the same sad onl mat no was ueaii.
DROUTH AT THE EAST.
WHAT CAN WHEAT GROWERS DO?
GOOD VARIETIES OF PLUMS TO DRY
A friend requests us togno n statement of
tljo dilli'icnt varieties of plums and prunes to
dry, and so we make a statement so far ns
our knuwodgo extends, not pretending to say
that other varieties may not also i ,iluable.
It is getting towauls Fall, and October will
Kn good season fr planting out tiers ami
our leaders should know what tltTi to pin
cuii' nnd who to proem them of.
Our nun oicluud is planted with I'each
plums, Columbian, Washington, liradsliaw s,
Coe's golden drops, and Iteino Claudes, which
ripen somewhat in Ihooulcrof their naming.
This year all fruit ripened two or thro weeks
in advance of tho usual time, nnd fruit that
was supposed to hang on the trees through
OetolKT, was gone by tho middle of Septem
ber, totting tho tule of fruit grow eiii at ilcfi.
mice. Tho I'each plum diioa well mid is quite
tart, coming always oaily in August nnd this
year were in their pi line with us the middle
of July. Tho Peach is said to Ik a late heater
nml will not produce plentifully until eight
yearn old; wo had perhaps ten bushels on four
hundred trees six years old thu Tall. A tho
Vach plum is inaikcUblo fruit and counu
in eai licit of nil tho good drying varieties, it
is therefore important to commence w ith tlioui.
The Utter vit of August the Coluuibu come
along nnd so doe the Washington. I'each,
Columbia and Bradsluw aro all dark purple
Wo publish on the inside, this week, the
full report, from tho J'nrijic h'unil I 'fen, of
tho w heat growers' meeting at San Francisco
September (Ith, and we give on the outside
tho fuither lepoit of their conclusions at their
second meeting, wheie (hey icsolved to hold
their wheat foi one dollar. The matter is
now bcfoie us to consider how f.irmeis of
Oregon and Washington can help themselves
in this saum connection. We have also pub
liihed several appeals Iroin our ow'n sub
scribe! s on the same subject, urging their fel
low f.irmeis to resolve not to sell at cm rent
figures, and claiming that we are justly enti
tled to receive a dollar a bushel.
Wo hat o liucil sorely bl lined because last
year the II i.amktii. 1 kmui boldly took
this same giouud, and insisted that tonnage
could bo held ill check bv the united action of
wheat grow eis, but we have no doubt that
tho position of this paper kept wheat up all
the I 'all and to Jamiaty, IHS1, at least ten
cents a bushel, and so was of gieat use to the
public; but tho situation now nod then do
not eonespond. A yoir ago it was not be
lieved that California had oer 800,000 tons
mi pins, and it was not pmbable that over
1100,000 tons would be sold at going lates.
Wo ilncoveicd that much mote ti'iiuaga was
on me way man was auiiouueeil, ami our
position was based on tho belief that with
800,000 tons of shipping dming tho year there
would bo enough to answer all the needs of
both California and Oregon. How well wo
computed tho extent of tonnage available is
showr, that, although some of our contempt)
latiet ndiouled our position anil denoimetd us
bitterly, tho actual shipments of wheat from
Sail rraueisco and tho Columbia liver from
July I, 1SS0 to July 1, ISS1 nggregated
000,000 tons, and tho only reason that ton
nage did not tleolitio ns wo expected wns Us.
cause California hail a surplus of twenty mil
lion buMiels nliove the 800,000 tons calculated
upon in tho Tall,
Since that time the world has developed an
actual scarcity of shipping to answer tho uses
of commerce, nnd we know that exporters
aro contracting for tonnage to airier in Do
comber and January at SOs. per ton, while it
is estimated that the surplus of the const held
over from 1SS0, added to tho surplus of JSSl,
will make a total of 1,1100,000 tons at 'least,
illicitly shipped or to bo shipped, if possible,
the present harvest year.
The wheat growers of California assert that
the amount ready for shipment has Wen
greatly ovorostuiatoil ; that the total surplus
of 1SS0 nml ISSI, now remaining, will not
exceed KA 000 tons, mid that vosstls known
U on the way and now in poit, ha-e capacity
that exceeds 700,000 short tons ; o that fully
tin eo-fourths of the possible, surplus is already
provided for. Sa California farmers resolve
to hold their xvheat for one dollar, though it
I'lom early in July until now there has
prevailed a terrible drouth through the mid
dle and Atlantic States, reaching from the
Missi-sippi liver to New York, and extending
Southward almost to tho Gulf of Mexico.
Tliis drouth was not in time to injiitc the
wheat crop generally, but it comes with terri
ble effect on corn fields, pastures, orchards
and gaidcns, and in Michigan several coun
ties of forest lands were burned over,
ten thousand people left homeless, nnd one
thousand supposed to be burned to death ; a
harrowing talc of suffering such as, thank
3od, we seldom hear.
This disastrous drouth that has cause 1 such
unprecedented loss and suffering, nnd has
spread for over two months over such a vast
area of territory, must ndtl to tho loss of
crops by Usscning tho yield of corn and vege.
tables, and also of fruit. In Michigan dried
app'es, that would not bring over 3 cents
a pound last Spring, were rculily sold at 7
cuts litely, nnd green fruit of all descriptions
was selhjig at the Kast at far ab.ivo custom
ary juices. Tho dis'iess to be caused by this
terrible dry season is only a matter of conjee
t u iv, but it may produce serious effects on
general piospuity if its effects me so wide
spread and disastrous as we see repoi ted by
tel.grap'i nnd in llastcin papers.
multitude of friends to favor him. In all
this community it seemed difficult to name
one more favored by Nature, with kinder
heart and more agreeable manners, but the.
demon of drink was able to change all this,
and did change it, so that this model husband,
father, friend and citizen, became an infuri
ate beast who was dangerous to his best loved
family nnd dreaded by his best friends. In a
miserable, drunken brawl, ho was killed the
other day, and went down to a dishonored.
grave. Those who knew mm of oltl buried
him with kind hands and irrievine hearts, foi
they remembered that when ho -s hi.nselThes,ecpingl
in was an that Ktnt ncss.courtesv, iium oreeu-kivo ccs that waken lo wee nngsaiu. t.arueiu iiut"i i
ing antl a tender heart could make him, butgiic whom we all had learned to lme so well ;
., . ,,..., , .i, ,, iff . ...nr-iKIIc whom we placed so many hopes upon
the story of his life and death has left a inoraljflstril(.k uo j vrime hj an assassin's hand.
wo must not neglect. Let us remember hitng njc gnni M nolhcr ualtln? mevage (rom her " hoy
always as ho was at his best, but let us alsoBllcard the cold hells proclaim that lie was dead ;
' .,, , . ,. . ,i . .. ,Brruewifeaseterlitcdlojkcdonastle.ith
learn with now hatred to denounce this llciulBrja,l.(iti,1t loved husband for his own.
intemperance that seeks out the noblest,
natures to destroy them anil bring wretched-
. - 4 n . -s. tn.. .. fnlllnn IMiia IB (in Cillimilill-I
,.cs, it, u ..any ,........ .... "'"b-"'ni,lk.edsnnlshed. After weeks of asony,
case, for tho history of life and death is madeThe mat n r sleeps tho long, unending sleep,
up of such instances and so many .ad. fear-A,ul ..C-u.-'
fid wrecks strew the sands of time that wcMThe story of his noble life ho told
.. , .. . , , . . W To gito the world's ambition higher scope
must trace tliam to their cause and detcriinnea(Ti,.v,,,. n.i-pi,c kiiait cam new thought of life
how far we are responsible for the state of Inicolilsnallnon Jcritand lcamtodle.
society that makes such things poible. Thegn ; sha 1 1 . w '' -,
land is lull ot pitialls into wlncli tte unwarysshall he : Washington, Lincoln, uarfleld.
stumble, intemperance could not exist if wc
could abolish the cause; the evils that afflict
society from this source multiply as wo look on
them: this curse fills our jails, asylums Midi
poor houses, besides causing the despoilments
of so many thousand homes; it leads to death,
suicide and murder; it goes hand-tn-hauil
with every other crime and builds a highway
Oh, saddest hour ' Oh, weary world I Dark fate,
L'ould'st thou not take one not so w ell helot cd 1
Was there not one less lit to lite than lie 1
H. A. C.
DEATH OF TnE PRESIDENT.
fruit, nml dry w ell, but will not suit o wel
for caiming light colorssl fruit is demanded remains to lw seen if enough ot them can hold
for that purpose, but it u tafti to say that the their crops to sensibly affect the market,
world will soon overcome that prejudice. The The San Francisco Mrixhaul tayathe wheat
I.iim County Agricultural l'air is to be held
next week at the grounds ot tho association
near Albany and as t licit' is to be no Statu
l'air this Kilt the farmers of l.iim and sur
rounding counties should spare no effort to
make this fair a success in o cry particular.
.Marion, Uentoii and l.iue county fanners can
all take an interest in this fair and bring their
products an I their stock for exhibit. A fair
of this kind is not merely a local interest but
ledoiiuds to tho credit of the whole State,
especially when mi State l'air is held in the
Kail, as is tho I'aso this year. Wo should
have been glad to have our friends in I.inu
county send us cniumuiiic.itious on this sub
ject as it would htvo been a pleasure for us
to do anything in our poner to aid this effort,
and not having any such information furnish
ed we havo taken what we have found in the
Alb my papers. Tho following week Wash
ington County l'air will bo held at Hillsboro,
as the fanners of that county susuin their
association to the best of tl.eir nbility,
always. If the weather continues favorable
we sh ill look for largo attendance at both
A FEABFUL LESSON.
Last week wo announced tho minder at a
low drinking place on l'oss' Island, in the river
near Pintl.uid, of James A. Snii h, who was
lately clerk of this lounty and cry popular
and much respected as the possessor of many
tine qualities, including a wry liberal and ten
der heart. Two years ago we saw him at the
Court House in this city, iu the clerk's office,
when his little children brought him his lunch
ono day, and were struck with the great af
fection ho showed towards them, repeatedly
kissing them More they returned home.
Within a month from that time wo were
shocked to hear that when intoxicated he did
some act that i-aimsl or battened the death of
one of these same children, and that in a lit
of intoxication ho had almost killed his wife.
His friends interfered nnd had him temporar
ily i-ontined in the Insane As!um. Ho soon
after left tho remunerative office to which ho
had Ik on twice elected as a popular fat onto,
and from that time his course went dowuwnrd
with fearful elovity . 1 1 U-came necessary to
procure a divorce for his wife and that made
him worse yet. Ho sank to lowest depths.
x lien himself, uith was an affable ami ac
complished mm of business and univer
sally popular. His official gains should have
made him independent for life; he was atill
young and had the world before him ami a
:o tho icry gates of hell, but it is licensed liyjfl
aw and has tho full unqualified support oloj
both the State and National governments
Shall this go on foreer and forever? Shall4
time bi ing no cure? Must humanity bo de
gradetl antl destioycd by this curse that lnakcsjl
lienils of men and demons of women, and
have no end ? And the inquiry comes home
to us, who arc not drunkards and have taxessj
to pay antl the duties of citizenship to main
tain: What can we do to assist a needed re
formation ? Wo can refuse to countenance
the evil in any form and can woik and vote
with those who demand legislation to check!
its course. We can labor for tho abolition
of tho manufacture and sale of alcoholic
stimulants, for that is the only possible rem
edy, and half-way measures will have no true'
effect. The men who insisted on tho abolition
of slavery were right and they labored long to
cicate the public sentiment necessary to bring1
it about. The friends of temperance must
work steadily and perpetually for tho same
cud, and in time the end will be attained. It
may be generations or even centuries off, but
we, and those after us, must fight with faitl
and perseverance for this and all other great
moral ends, nnd even as men now wonder;
that blavery was ever possible, so in the
iiiillcuium when drunkenness cannot exist, the
woihlof mankind who shall bo clothed in
their right minds will read the terrible history
of tho drunkenness of past ages and wonder
that such things were ever possible as they!
shudder at the recital.
Monday evening tho noiseless wires sent to
every village between the oceans tho dreaded
but expected news that the President was
lead. Through all tho hills nnd vnlleys the
. . . ii. p .... i i ,.:ii ,m
myr.au ueus oi cues, eowus ui.u "'-o-HMisa Mary K. strong ami Mr
tolled, in mouruiuicuoius, io uto giic-iii ingiu,
mil tho millions pf our people knew the
meaning without a spoken word, otiong
men who had waited lor tins word lor
'months broke into weeping ; women and
Jchildren shed their tears, and tho nation was
lost in a sorrow that has all tho world for its
participants. The long weeks of expectancy,
lutead of lessening, havo rendered more
poignant the universal grief, because the in
tervening time lias brought tho common
heart of America's grand humanity iuto close
uablo showing in two particulars, as it con
firms tho statement that Odessa wheat is rust
proof, nnd also shows that it would bo more
productive than most other -arieties. Anoth
er important matter in relation to it is; What
kiuu oi uour uoes in uiaKe anu what is its mar.
ket valuo compared with tho best white
wheats? If it will sell well, even at i:i.i
liscotmt, and can be planted in Sprinc with
safety from rust with certainty of producing
well, then our farmers xvho sow Spring grain '
havo especial use for it.
It is probable that theso gentlemen ran
supply a limited demand for clean seed nf the
Odessa variety, and those xvho wish to sow
rust proof grain next Spring can learn further
particulars by addressing Messrs. Beatty and
I'ngli, balem. U lien traveling last Summer
through tho country, wc heard of snn,0 per
sons whoso wheat was severely injured by
rust, nnd it made its nppcaranco on the leaves
of wheat in many localities, on the straw also
in many instances, doing a considerable dam- J
ago in a -cry few cases. While rust very sel
lout causes much loss, yet in x-iew of tho mil-
lions of damage resulting from it in '79, every
farmer who sows Spring grain xvill suffer less
trouble and apprehension, if he knows his
ecd was rust proof. The straw and chaff of
this variety appear very hard with an enamel
1 -d surface, which no doubt protects it against
this terrible parasite.
A Happy Marriage.
Wc receive cards of the marriage, last Tues
day, at the house of Mr. and Mrs. Klisha
'Strong, at Salem, parents of the bride, of
Wm. S. Kin
ney, son of the late Kobert Kinney. We have
known both tho young people for many years
land consider the union particulaily congenial
anil calculated to insure happiness. Both
come from pioneer stock, and we know that
their parents possessed the very best qualities
of citizenship and private worth. Kobert
Kinney left a namo that was irreproachable,
and he xvas eminently successful in business.
Atleast a quarter of a century ago we attend
ed the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Strong and
ll.'f. V.llinil lltm. I.IAIIilall.n m.n n. ......
i ., ... .1 . .1 J.....U ,..u,i ...... iiiuinouiu uvu since.
sympathy with the great man whoso lossxveJAi ..,,.., , ,,
J , ..,., ., , , , i . SAbout the best xvish xve can givo theso x-ouns
people is that they may be xvorthy of their
parentage and livo to win the respect and
DEATH of MRS. JUDQE WAT30N.
Mrs. Isabella Watson, wife of Hon. , I. K.
Watson, Judge of .the Second Judicial Dis
trict, died at their home in Roscburg lastj
mourn, and with the family who have lately
;so nobly sustained him. Tho picture of that
long death bed, of that primitive but grand
old mother iu Ohio who stood so often at nci
loor waiting for some word or token from her
"boy ;" of that devoted wife who has so well
earned tho love and sympathy of all human
ity, xvill go down in story and history, on
canvass and in marble, among the storied
recollections ot all tunc. Hut while wc grieve
for him and mourn with them, tho nation
sorrows for itself, because such a terrible fate
has robbed it of the noblest and the best, and
taken, in his very prime, the man chosen foi
our ruler, upon xvhom such a wealth of hopes
General Garfield was sonicthfue more than
i political aspirant ho xvas a statesman,
whoso counsels had been prominent in Con
,'ress, anil whose moderation commanded tin
,love nnd admiration of his political opponent.
He was the typical American, who had stir
mounted tho obstacles of poverty and igno
ranee, xvho commenced at the bottom and
esteem they inherit, for there is no doubt that
"Blood will tell."
Splendid Potato Samples.
A few days since xve received a package con
taining half a dozen potatoes. They xvere
long and smooth and made a nice appear
ance. Mr. A. ii. linns, of lilkton, sent
them, and also sends' tho following remarks
"I also send you by mail a sample of a new
potato which xve received from the Commis
sioner of Agriculture as a variety that had
been sent from Peru. Tho first two years
hoy did not seem to do well, but this season
they did very well; in fact I had tho largest
yield of any early potato I ever raised, and
ilfo tho best flax'ored. The first that we dug
this Spring xvas on June 4th, nnd they xvere
almost grown. They aro earlier and much
more prolific than any other potato I have
had experience xvith. If any person xvauts to
I......... i . . .
ci.inocu iuoja.ii.er ny sen cuorc, ac Uiriiij.fBullvthcmI have a few that j win selI
ueii itu eiiucaiion ami literary research as
seldom is gained by the most fortunate in
birth and position, rising from ono station
Thursday, of a brief and severe illness, andfinto another, filling all well, and growing into
tho news of her sudden decease sent a thrillgt'ie heaits of all who knew him as ho toiled
ti.rougu social circles wlicro she was wcIlHlI1(i won his weary way upward. When wa.
known and a popular favorite. Mrs. Watson..,, ,10 turned from peaceful pursuits, and
was young, beautiful and very attraclive..on reputation most honorable on fields ol
lite world seemed to promio her uncoininoi,iiattle. Laving down the sword ho entered
.i..,.,....., ...... ,. iieiigiiiiui uome, an allec-SJComrrcss to frame nml mnbl Wiabitw ,..,M
tionate li.iab.iml antl one child who inherited
her beauty and grace. Sho was tho daughtei
of A. 1!. Flint, Ksq., of lioseburg, one ot scv-1
oral daughters, all of whom possess more than'
ordinary attractions. Her sudden death has'
a skill and conscience equalled by none of his
associates ; and when in tho midst of its
louhts and rivalries the Chicago Conx-entionS
placed him before the world as its candidate.
the nation rallied to his support as a fit em
inof i nlixnin ni'nsi .! ,"!.. f f 1. . 1 . 1
v. .. b.Uv,.i. ..... .. .imueiicie m irienns nasw,,,,- . ,-, t), . .. ....
.shadowed n Miarmini, l.n, i.,.l 1 l.t . ST" ' '" '""" """ l"-'P" "
..... ., ....mni iiuillli (lllll J1UI1UI L MH'SM .. ?! 1 1 t- -w
. ., , . ; . o fcjixmerican itica antl mane nun President.
row to the hearts of parents and many rela-H n . 1 1 i i ....
,. , if- i i ui.iiiyreiaH Oarheld had won, e-en in manhood's prime,
"'" ,-",,i """ ""ouu can wnto ineT!.!. i.:,.i, i i ii .....i .......
. . ... , . , , . PV,,U i'S,,l!,f 'iui'vio euu weiiiu count uesiow,
grief of tho husband who cherished her lifeSLi,:i fi, ,..! .. .f..i ....:.. ......
attiw utuvid "IIU lUU DUtv.i;i331UI tVillly 1U1 l!lUIl
wi h tendei est care. Death is tho universal
lot, but it seems sail to die so young and leave'
so much of youth antl joy behind. The young1
people of our family had just returned from a'
delightful visit at Judge Watson's, nnd came
home, full of gratification at the warmth of;
hospitality that had welcomed them and made'
their brief stay a life memory. It is difficult
to understand, much less express, tho grief
with xx inch they hear so soon, and suddenly
tli.it the welcoming lips are silent and light ofi
those eyes gone out foi ever.
Manufacture of Agricultural Implements .
It is often a matter of wonder thai manu
facturing is not carried on here, especially of
afarming tools, as xvo havo xvood and iron of
native production to make them of, and it
nay bo interesting uexrs to many readers that
W. T. Guiy it Co., of Salem, have now ex
tensive works nt the agricultural building,
under the management of J, M. Patterson,
whero tney make plows, cultix'ators and road
scrapers of the best kinds. They have com
menced to make steel plows ami propose to
extend their operations to include all kinds of
steel and chilled iron plows. Their Monitor
cultivator is' a great success, gotten up by
themselves, and gives good satisfaction. They
have sold large sized cultivators to Col. Ne
smith and Hon. J. B. Stump, of Polk county,
who consider them just tho thing. They
u.m-k every lew ,veeKs, ow ing no doubt to1
its xvant of confidence in itself, a certain'
newspaper that need not be named, recites to
its readers the catalogue of its virtues. It
reminds us of the graudiloqucnce of poor old
Christopher Swinesburger, who, if still alivcj
is now in tho Insane Asylum, but used,
quarter of a century ago, to have n harmless
notoriety at Salem. He had served in the
army, and his usual expression when a little
full wast " Who whips the British? General
Scott; who xrhips the Mexicans? General
Taylor; xvho saves tho people? General Pierce;
who does all the bnsiness? Christopher Swines
burger, miVi ijfltlf and according to our con
temporary n 11 noes mi me nusiness, soB
there is no excuse for any fair iniudcd man to
take any other newspaper x hatever, for it is'
more religious than the .liftwtirv or Church
wtiN'hnd among the catalogno of its cmin
ent virtues it publishes more about agriculture
than nuy fariuinir journal in the United
States. Now, if nil theso things are so, the
reading public aro intelligent enough to know
it w ithout bein,; told of it in monthly parti
and if not so which it is not then there is
fraud somewhere, antl an attempt to pass
counterfeit coin upon the public. It does
seem as if a ucwspapsr that by chance, and
very favoring circumstances, happens to have
a field practically to itself, might exist xvith
out show ing continual jealousy of the HVf
Short, the Catholic Seutiml, SmKti HVfVoixr,
and the liural Spirit.
to later yeats. During the few months lu
filled tho picsidential chair he had laid tin
foundation for an administration w'hich hi
hoped would benefit tho nation, and the terri
lo erimo that ended in his death, taken with
all tho attending circumstances, had knit till
nation s heart to him in closest bonds. Kvery
possible hopo of tho popular mind xvas based
on his recovery. His death stills all prejudice
kind faction, and his nation mid the xvholt
world nrc his mourners.
Tho murder of tho President came as a re
sult of a great defect and criminal practice in
our political system, i he greed for ollice.tht
spoils system that has grown liko a canker in
our politics, the claim of Congressmen to con
trol patronage for their personal following,
has culminated in tins dastard act. Ameri
cans must never rest until tho evil is eradica.
ted and our civil service reformesl as it needs
to be. It may have been necessary that this
noble victim should be sacrificed to rouse the
Nation to a sense of duty, and his martyrdom
should not be in x-ain.
v-nester a. Arthur is President of thd
United States. He cannot have failed to read
tho popular mind and understand what hisl
people expect of him. His conduct duringl
una xerriuio emergency lias done much to dis
arm prejudice and win confidence. Fifty
millions of American citizens live with the
hope that ho will prove a worthy successor of
.i.artield and will carry out the beneficent
policy he inaugurated,
RUST PROOF WHEAT-ODESSA.
Messrs. Beatty and l'ugh, of Salem, sendusa1
boy containing a sample of Odessa red wheat
that is perfectly clean and white in chaff and
stalk; and they also enclose some heads of
Club wheat, that grew among it that is badlx
rusted, which confirms the claim put up for
me lAirssa variety mat it is rust ttrrvtf
Mciirs. Beatty and Pugh also inform us that
it is very productive, for three pecks per acre
produces! a yield of 20 bushels. This is a vil-'
make a simplo road scraper intended to either
pull Equaro or diagonal, that has been trisd
on Mnaion county roads xvith cntiro satisfac
tion. When you go to Salem it xvill be good
policy to give them a call.
The New Northwest.
This enterprising paper and advocate of
woman's suffrage has recently made vnluablo
improvements in the appearance of its pages.
But now they again further improve by using
tinted paper. Tba typographical work on tho
Xorthtcat is faultless. Besides a largo amount
of interesting reading matter they are now
publishing an original serial, by Mr. A. A.
Cleveland, entitled "Tho Beginning of the
End." Great credit is due the Duniway boys
for their able and fruitful efforts to make their
journal the best and neatest paper in Oregon.
Resources of Oregon and Washington
David and V. G. Steel have laid before us
copy of the above named publication fur Ju
ly and August. It is compiled for Eastern
distribution, and is neat in typographical ap
pearance, ilie trontis-piece is a colored map
of Oregon, Washington ami Western Idaho
which is in itself a x-aluable item.
During the past week Mr. D. C. Ireland,
kf the Atlorian, called upon us. We learn
'from him that he has disposed of the Attorian
and will turn it over on the first of the coming
month to the new management.
A reaiier asks us to ascertain when the
Washington Territory fair begins. It is held
atOlympia but are not advised when it opens.
Will some of our Territorial subscribers let
us know concerning the above.
On the 10th of August, Laura A., beloved
wife of Mr. R. J. Bowles, of East Portland.
She leaves an infant child four months old.
We are under obligations to Mr. J. O.
WHteaker for copies of late Xew Zealand ja