UJU-KMtm.MWfga; WILIJAMETTE FARMER. 6 ttffcmtttt Mntmtv. SALEM, FRIDAY, XOV. 3, 1870. PEOF. HUXLEY'S LECTURES. Durine Professor Huxley's recent brief so journ In America, ho dellvored three lectures (the only scientific discourses given by him in this country) on " Tho Theory of Involu tion," Thoy were spoken nt ChickorinB Hall In Now York, on the evenings of Sept. 18, 20, and 22, before largo and appreciative audiences. There was a sbado of dlsappointmentvislhle on the laces or not a few of Prof. Uuxloy's hearers as they left tho hall at tho close of his first lecture It had not been all what thoy had come to hear. Tho absurd reports which certain or the dally nowspapers had circulated with regard to Prof. Huxley's at titude toward religion had led many to an ticipate something startling. As the "arch enemy of Christianity," he could not do otherwise than run a-muck with Genosls, and say things very oflenslvo to theorthodox. So, when tho speaker finished his calm, straightforward, logical, and perfectly rea sonable revlow of the thr60 conflicting theo ries of the origin of animal forms, a dis course in which there bad been no exciting language and no effort to say smart things, they were disappointed, and Inclined to blame him for not being the sort of man thoy had come to boo. Otbors, unablo through a lack of knowlodgo of tho subject in hand lo appreclato tho mastorly mannor In which Prof. Huxloy clovo to tho hoart of tho mat tor, nnd quietly took possoseiou of tho much contested Held, missed tho real point of the lecture, and came away half persuaded that soi johow thoy had been imposed upon. Any body, they complained, could hnvosald the samo, and more than one popular speaker known to the American platform could have said It moro oloquontly , Still another class, and that, wo fuar, not a small ono, shared tho disappointment, natnoly, thoso who had but a vague Idea of the scope and purport of geological ovidonce, and no Idoa at all of the enormous mass or facts boarlug directly or indirectly on tho theory or evolution, who yet expocted to be told, In tho coursoofan hour, preolsely how ovorythlng came about. Judging from remarks wo overheard among tho retiring audionce, moro thon ono of this class must have come away feeling that tho lectuie had boon altogothor different from what it ought to have boon. To thoso, however, who understood the situation or affairs, and woro proparod to ap preclato tho beauty and success of tho meth od which Prof. Huxloy choso for clearing tho way for an unobstructed view of the ovl donco bearing on tho problems of evolution, to bo sot forth In succeeding lectures, tho first oyonlng'a discourse was as satisfactory as an introductory lucturo could woll bo. Partic ularly happy was tho cornering of tho Biblical theory or creation iu " Paradise Lost." Tbero tho creation or living things Is dojcrlbod procisoly as all moil rend 11 In (Ion osls botoro geological revolutions cauipelled thoologiaus lo vary thoir Interpretation or tho Korlpturos, n.s occasion might require. Tho uttor Inconslsteuoy of tho " Miltonlo hyjiotlicsls," tested by tho goologlcnl record, both as regards tho luauuor and tho order of tho origination or plantH and animals, was shown conclusively: buttho lecturerdocllnod to commit blmseir In any way by calling that vlow of croatlou the lllbllcnl view. It was true that Milton's Recount of tho six days of uroatiuii was considered to bo iu per fect accordano!) with Ciouesls, by all Wbllcal scholars of his day, and for nearly two con tuiius thoroaftor, It was true that Unit Inter pretation had most likely been taught as scriptural, lu childhood, to every ouo or his hearora. Hut Prof. Huxloy would not for a moment venture to say that It could propor ly be called tho Biblical doctrine. in tho first plaoo, it was not bis business to say what tho Uobrow text coutalued, or what It did not, and lu tho second place, were ho to say that this was tho Hlblloal hypothe sis, ho would be mot by tho authority of many emluont divines, to say nothing of men of Selouco, who in rocout times have dnulod that this doctrine N to bo found In (louoals ut all. Koh 11 nil i In the Hlbllcal rooord Just what ho rcqulr&s to make It har monize with his particular scliouio of goology; titty may inoaii twenty-four hour:i,or a porlod us lougas convenience requires; tho creation of a species may bo directum! Immodlato,or, according to tho samo rocord, tho species may have been ovolvad front simpler rudlmouU by natural processes, lasting millions of years. Whou the accredited Interpreters or Sorlpturo could cotuo to any agreoiuout with regard to what tho llthllcal uccouut really meant, It would be time enough to oompaio (JonesU with geology; meantime " a person who U not a Hebrew scholar can only stand by and admire the marvelous flexibility of a language which admits of such diverse inter pretations." Tbaapplausi which followed this remark was evidence eucugh that the majority of the audience were iu sympathy with the speaker. The aecoud lecture was devoted to a con sideration of two lluMorgvologloil evidence, tho first liu'ludlug such fc:s as uio ueutral, whloh neither help evolution nor are Incon Uteut with It; and the second, thosti facts which give htroug probability to the theory but do not prove It. A Ihirdlluoof ovldeuce t'aat which, being as comtleto as any we can hope to obtain on auoh a tubject, and en tirely in for of exolutlon, may fairly bo o tiled demonstrative of evolution was ro nervod for tho (hint and lait lecture. Illitorlcally Imrottsnt among neutral facta aro thewe whloh Itnl Cuvlor to prououneo asaintt the theory of evolution as prostitut ed by Lamarck, Tho Kreuch expedition to "Kgspl had brought from that country tho tuummled reunlni of many aulmsh, msw. uials, birds, and reptiles. Cuvler argued that, If evolution were true, the Egyptian re mains, which were certainly three or four thousand years old, ought to be measurably unlike tho birds, crocodiles, and so on, now Inhabiting the valley of the Nile. Ho found on close examination that throe or four thou sand years had brought no important change to the animal forms or that region, and ac cepted tho evidence as conclusive against tho doctrine or Lamarck. Tho progress or re search since Cuvier's tlmo has furnished far stronger cases than those which he drew from tho mummified bodies of Egyptian an imals. As wo work our way through tho geological record, wo find at every age, oven the remotest, animal forms scarcely distin guishable from thoso which now exist. We also find great groups or animals, like the reptiles or the tnesozolc period, abounding In vast numbers in strata representing pe riods or immense duration, yet presenting no Important modification from first to last. Facts liko these are often cited as fatal to the theory of evolution; but they aro not at all in conflict with any intelligent view of that theory, though thoy are " fatal to any form of the doctrine of evolution which supposes an intrinsic necessity, on the part of animal forms which once come Into existence, to un dergo modification; and they are still more distinctly opposed to any vlow which should load to tho belief that modification in the different types of animal and yegetable lire goes on equally and evenly." Thero Is a manifest tendoncy on the part of living forms to vary; but whether such variations persist and accumulate, or die out sooner or lator, depends altogether upon surroundlag conditions. Tho persistence of old forms simply shows that they are better fitted for tho conditions undor which they flourish' than any modifications of thoee tortus havo been; and that, slnoo their origin, the earth has not failed to furnish somewhere just such conditions. Facts of such a character, and they are numerous, furnish no objection to o volution, nor any support to it; tbey are simply neutral, though porfoctly capabloof being Interpreted in consistency with it. or like naturo are the numerous facts showing the apparently sudden origin of forms, like the permian lizards, with no traie of antecedent forms. Such tacts would bo fatal to tho evolutionary theory, if the geological record as it stands were complete. Hut tho exceeding Incompleteness or the record Is a necessary condition from the manner of its formation; and besides, thero is abundant evidence of enormous gaps. A striking Illustration was furnished by the Hrontozoum tracks in the sandstones of Con necticut tho only vestiges thus far discover ed, or likely to be discovered, of the numer ous and variod order of (probably) reptilian Ufa which for a long porlod inhabited the shoros of tho ancient sea which oxlsted there. That we havo oven so much as a footprint to hint of that mysterious horizo.i of life de pends on tbo purely accidental circumstance that tho sand, since hardeued into rock, was accumulating undor conditions whloh allow ed tho tracks to bo proserved. Much more Interesting, on tbo whole, was tho ovldeuce In favor of evolution derived from transitional forms, or, moro correctly, forms standing botweon groups now distinct, and partaking of the characteristics or each. For the most part, tho ovidonce or this sort was drawn from recent discoveries tending to till up ouo of tho largest gaps In existing animato nature, that betwoeu reptiles and birds, and hinting bow tho ovolutlon of birds from reptiles may havo taken place. Tho ovideuco ombraced au array of facts, of a fresh ami Intonsely Interesting character, re lating to the archtoptcryv, a feathered ani mal, bird-liko In most ros poets, but having clawed wings and a reptillnu vortebral column, prolonged into a long slondor tail frlngod with feathors; to UespcrornisrcgaUs a grobo-Uke bird six feet high, with n long jaw thickly set with tooth; to tihthymim tlinpar, a est 111 moro roptiliau bird, with teeth lu distinct sockots; and to tho bird-like mod ifications of dlnosaurlan reptiles, culminat ing lu tho compsoqnathus longiprs, a type, possibly, of the reptilian blpedo which made the mystorlous tracks fouud lu Connecticut aud lu similar strata In England. Tho third and llual lecture was begun by pointing out an element of weakness lu tbo ovideuco prosouted In the preceding lecture. It was true tho mesozeio rocks furnished fossil forms so completely bridging over tbo gaps letweou reptiles and birds that It would bo vory hard to say whoro tho reptile ends aud tho bird begins. It was true that ovi deuco of that sort is far weightier than that upon which men undertake to say thoy be lieve many Important propositions. Hut it could not bo considered demonstrative evi dence, for the loasou that tho intermediate forms were found in contemporaneous de posits, whoroaa the requirements of demon stration demaud that tho gradations between one group of animals aud another should appear iu such order as they muU have fol lowed If thoy had constituted a succession of stages, In time, or the development or the form at which they ultimately arrive. Such demonstrative evidence haa been obtained in lute years In considerable and continually iucreasiug quantity. Indeed it is aouiowhat surprising how largo is the quantity or that evidence aud how satlatactory Is Its nature, whou wo consider tho exacting uharactor or the condition of its preservation nud dls coxory. Ah an illustration of that kind of evidence, thodWooverios with regard to the pedlgreo of tho horse wore chosen es special ly approprlato frr the attention of a popular audience. Having traced nt groat length the evolu tion of the hone from tho four-toed liorte liko creature of the ooctnio period, and show ed that tho history of tho horso, as recorded lu tertiary strata, U precisely that which could havo been predicted from a knowledge of the principles of evolution, the lecturer said: "If that U not tuleutlfia proof, thou there are no inductive conclusions which can be said to be scientific. And the doctrine of evolution at the present time rests upon as secure a foundation as the Copernican theory of the motions of the heavenly bodies." Inclosing, the speaker took tho precau tion to observe that his purpose had not been to enable those who had not made a study of these subjects to leave the room In a condition qualified to decide upon the validity or the invalidity of the hypothesis of evolution, but to put beforo them the principles by which all such hypotheses must bo judged, and to make apparent the nature of tho evidence rind the sort of cogen cy which is to be expected and may bo obtained from It: and he should consider that he had done his hearers tho greatest service it was in his power to do, if be had convinced them that the question under dis cussion was not one to be dealt with by rhetorical flourishes or by loose and super ficial talk, but one that requires the keenest attention of the trained intellect and the patience of the most accuiate observer. Scientific American. ,SJA full report of the three Lectures of Prof. Huxley is contained In the Supple ment to the Scientific American, Vol. 2, No. 11. Price ten cents. Address Munn fc Co., Publishers, 37 Park Row, New York. English railways are well built, without shary curves as lu this country, and still col lisions happen upon them more frequently than in America. Trains seeing each other at a long distance in England still often col lide, because the brake system is not so per fect as in the Unltod States, where a train was recently prevented by our brakes from running Into a river through an open bridge. It Is likoly to deficiency in the brake that must be attributed the awful collision on tho Somerset and Doset railway. And again the British roads are deficient In safety sig nals. Tho latter Improvement in that line is too expensive to be supplied oxtensively, and is not perfect in itself as tho American automatic safety signal, which works also by a system of springs placed under the rails aud communicating with dials by the side of tho road, and which has been successively operated for two years upon tbo New York Central and other railroads in this country. The Aqe or MAn. Lyell having, in a positive way some forty years ago, put back tho birth of man to an Indefinite period, tho anthropologists are endeavoring to throw further light on the nntiquity of man on earth. The researches made In Kent's cavern seem to show that at that far distant ponod, when geographically France and England were joined, tho primeval man ex istod. EQorts havo recently been made to fix man's recognized presence on this earth as far back as S0O,O00 yoars ago. The theory which gains grouud in some minds, every day, Is that of tho gradual development of man from soml-human form through count less ages of barbarism. If, however, our present type is not persistent, perhaps in the ton millionth year, from now, future an thropologists will be In the same troublos as thoy are to-day. More Canneries at AbToniA. Next sea son there will be ten canneries at Astoria. In addition to the fivo that were in operation here this seaspn, tho following are to be add ed to next season's business: Tho Fisher mon's Packing Association; Wadhams and Hanthorn ; the Anglo-American Packing Co., Corbitt aud Macleay et al: Robert Watson of tho Manhattan Cannery, is to build another cannery hero; and Messrs. Bradley, Davis & Co., also a cannery. These are severally to bo located in upper Astoria. Astonan. Thunder and Hail. On last Wednes day, about noon, as a variety to the rain storm which had continued from the pre vious twonty-four hours, preceded by thun der for an hour or two, there came a shower of ball which drifted in places to six or eight inches deep of slzos from a musket ball to buck-shot, the larger predominating, Tho ball fell only about tlvo or six minute, but in quantity and size heretofore uuknowu to tho experience of tho oldost Inhabitant. Astorian, During the past summer farmers In the vicinity f Booue's Ferry havo had their stock Injured by romo person shooting them with flue shot. Last week complaint was made and a Mr. A. B. Stronp was arrested, charged with malicious Iniury to animals. Tho case camn up before Justice Athey last Saturday, aud the defoiulout waived exami nation aud was bound over to appear beforo the next grand Jury in tho sum or foOO. KntajuUe. To ZincUos. JUIIS. OH. CItAIG l haw prepared to re ceive piticnU at licr oftlce. la Saiera. Daring tho pat jear fl'.e linn had cxtciulve practice at Dr. Adams' popular Medical lunltute at Portland, In trcatlug ladles, and feels confident of affording relief In most cae of a chronic cnaracter. tjpeclal atten tion paid to female weakneuand nctvoas 1 rostntton. lu conucctiou with her treatment, the u.ei tho cele brated Medicated Electric Vuyor Itattif, which aid VMtly In effecting enres. Oftlce and rcldenct, s, e. corner of Center and bummer Directs Salem. X. -u. Sxk3.1tl3., .ductlat, Salem, Oregon, dealer In Stereoscopes and Stereo scopic Views, anl s-ccues of Salem and tho (urround Ing country. Ltfe.sUe I'aotoraphs, In Iudla Ink. Oil orVater Color. U SPECTACLES, SPECTACLES! For Old and Young. Far-Sighted and Nenr-SigUtcd. Miooflnx-niaaara tor Spottmcu, bTKEL, SlLYElt, AND GOLD FRAMES. I AM preptml toupplr Spruc! to tit all eyes, tt price U suit. V. V. SlAliriiV, Jew oler OptUUn, Bank IllocS, Mate M, Salem, May Jf.lbTtl. 6m Storage at Portland. MfS ARE TOKPAIIED TO STOKE Grnln i on thomoit fo.rabl terms, cltacr In our sr proof mow, cr In our fram Warehouse mi the wharf, kitsornilco ho not uoublcd grata or.ilour in el-ttu-r. For further partlcuUrf appl to J, MoCSAKEN & CO., anlStf Ibt:-nd, On. BEST. My feet are wearied aud my hands aro tired My soul oppressed And with desire have I long desired Rest only rest. 'lis hard to toil when toll is almost vain In barren ways; 'Tjs hard to sow and never garner grain Iu harvest: days. The burden of my day Js hard to boar But God knowH best; And I havo prayod, but yain has been my prayor. For rost sweet rest. 'Tis hard to plant in spring and novor reap The autum yield; 'Tis hard to till and when 'tis tilled to weep O'er fruitless field. And so I cry a weak and human cry, So heart oppressed ; And to I sigh a wi-hI: and human sigh For rest for rust. My way has wound across tbo desert years, And cues In test My path; nnd through tho flowing of hot tears. 1 pinch for rest. 'Twas always so; when still n child, I laid On mollier'r) breast My wearied little head; e'en then I prayed, As now, for rest. And I am restloss still. Twill soon bo o'er; For, do xa tbo West Li'e's sun is eotting, and I seo tho shore Wbaro I shall rest. Tho ancient kingdom of Poland is now for all purposes an integral part of tho Russian Empire, tho hist remaining vestige of its semi-autonomical charac ter having been" swept away through the recent abolition of Secretary of State for Poland. CENTAUR LINIMENTS. Letter from a Postmaster. " Ahtiocii, III., Doc. 1, 1871, " Jters .T. H. Rise & Co.: " Mv wife has, for a Ion,? tlmo, boon a terrlblo suf- f,rni frnm 7! h prnn n H am . KhA lias trlflrt mflnv nhrsl- clans and many remedies The only thing which has given her relief i Centaur Liniment. I am prepared to say this has cured her. Iamdoln? what I canto extend Its sale. W. n. RING." This a sample of many thonand testimonials re- cel cd, of wonderful cures effected ly tho Centaur Liniment. Tho lugredients of this article aro pub. llshcd around each bottle. It contains Witch Ilazel, Mentha, Arnica, Itnck Oil, Carbolic, and Ingredients hitherto little known. It Is an Indisputable fact that tho Centaur Liniment is performing moro cures of Swellings, StllT Joints, Eruptions, TChcnmatlsm, Neu ralgia, Sciatica, Caked Breasts, Lock jaw, &c, than all other Liniments. Kmbrocatlons. Extracts. Salves, Ointments, and Plasters, now In use, For Toothache, Earacho, Weak Back, Itch, and Cu tihieous Eruptions, it Is admirable. It cures burns and scalds without a scar. Kvtracts poison from bites and stings, and heal fiojt bites and chilblains, in a short time. No fimlly can afford to bo without the Ccntanr Liniment, whito wrapper. TIio Centnur Liniment, Yellow Wrap per, Is adapted to the tongh shin, mucles, and flesh of tho animal creation. Its effects upen severe cases of Spavin, Sweeney, Wind Gall, Big Head, and Poll Ell, arc little Uss than man clous. Messrs. J. JlcCluro Co. Druggists, cor. Elm and I'ront streets, Cincinnati, O., say: "In oar neighborhood a number of teamsters aro ulngthu Centaur Liniment. They pronounce It su perior to anvthlng they havo ever used. Wo sell as high as four to uio dozen bottles per month to thoso teamsters." Wo havo thousands of similar testlmanlals. For Wounds, Galls, Scratches King-bone, &c, and for Screw Worm In Sheep, It has no rlial. Fanners, Livery-men, and Stock raisers, havo in this Liniment a remedy which Is worth a bundled times Its cost. Laboratory of J. 15. Rose & Co., 40 Dev St., New York. Pitcher's Castoria, Mothers may havo rest and their babies may havo health, ir they will nsc Castoria lor Wind Colic, Worms, rcvertshncsa, Soro Month, Croup, or Stom ach complaints. It Is entirely a vegetable prepara tion and contains nilthsr mineral, morphine, nor al cohol. It Is as pleasaut to tako as honey, and nei ther gags nor gripes Dr. E. Dlmooa, of Dupont, O; says: I nui nstng Castoria In my practlco w 1th tho most signal bemilts and happy lesults." This Is w hat every ono says. Most nurses In New Yoik city use the Castoria. It Is prepared by Messrs, J, 11, Hose & Co., lit Doy St.. New York, eucccssois to Samuel Pitcher, M. D. aullwlS Dr. L. S. SKIFF, 481ft DENTIST, Over til Tlnnli, S.tLEM, OltEGOX. .elCtf Tbe Autumu No. or VICK'S FLOBALl (iiiliw coat-.' uu iiuHTipnuj. ol iDacintu Tullpi, UllC. ua au. Uclb ami xdj r n Fai l Plantin J In the 0rJen, and for Winter 1 Lwr In the Route Jt pnUlitu-d. and ut tree to all. Ad-dr- .JA.li It vine, jepi UoctiCktcr, N. 1. p--:ioR THE HOUSeT J ..AND.. HARNESS. HAVING PtmCHASEU THE INTEREST Of Mr. Watkluds lu the old established house in the abovo line, the attention of the community is called t'j tho stock of 3Cs32n. js on hand, which Is offered at greatly reduced rates. SADDLES AND BRIDLES At lowest Granger prices. Hardware, Whips, Hobos, oto., To suit everybody. R. H. DEARBORN. Salem. Feb. 12. 1S!5. wtfd Mrs. Rohror's New Remedy FOR THE XiTTNCrS IS MEETING WITH lYONDEltKUL SUCCESS I I THIS PUKELY VEGETABLE REMEDY HAS no equal In the relief and cure of Coughs. Cold., Asthma, Bronchitis, Croup, Whooping Cough, Mea sles, &c. It has produced some remarkablo cures, bold by druggists i-enenllv. Pi epared only by Ilrs. ti. UOIIItlilt, Monmouth. Or., To whom all letters of business should bo addressed, P. O. SULLIVAN'. ATTORNEY AT LAW, OrERA HOUSE, SALEM. 8. E. corner, at head of stairs. felly &UOZU8 BEI.X,, Successor to J. M. 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BEST FAMILY FLOUR, BAKER'S EXTRA, XXX. SUPERFINE AND GHAnAM, MIDDLINGS, BRAN, AND SHORTS. ConstR.ii.tly on Hmul. HltjUest l?rieo In CAfdlX Paid for Wheat ATAZ.X, T2IUISS. It. C. KINNEY, Acent 8. V. M. Co Sept IStf E. SHE3L, M. D., PHYSICIAN & SURGEON, SALENS, OltEGOX. SPECIALTY: Oin-onio Siseasoa OP THE Ilcnd, TUroaJ, Chest, and Diirest ivu Organ, aud ot the Ner vous iivRtetii generally. Office Commercial Hotel. jelfiy OK. A. . BELT. B. T. BELT. BELT & SON, (Successors to Cox Si Belt,) Druggists and Apothecaries, AND DIALEBS IN Chemicals, Perfumery, Patent Medicine, Pure Wine aud Liquars, lc, Moorcs' Rlock, Commercial Srrect, SALEM. Br-HARRY I1RAR will have have charee of the Prescription Department. apHtf Home Made and Hand-Made B O OJT S . IK YOU WANT A GOOD-PITTING FINE BOOT ou can bo accommodated by calling At Armstrong's Shop, On State Street, opposite WILLIS'S BOOK STORE. Ail WoaK Waiinanted. Prices RtAa-ABLz. lieiialrms t.tittj and nn;rfy toif. Give Mb a Call. acUU WJI. 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