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About Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887 | View This Issue
A Four-Page Supplement with the Farmer this Week.
$3.00 per Year.
SALEM, OREGON, APRIL 28, 1876.
Volumo VI II. Number 11.
For the Willamette l'ariner.l
Blooded Hogs again.
Can spring pl?s bo brought to market ?
I am perfectly satisfied tbat ihey can, ami
are the only pork that c bo iiifulo prollt
ab!e. I brood my sow a the tore part 6f No
vember, then tbo pigs- cmt) the foio part ol
March . Feed the os eii aud have a pen
to teed pigs Id, with suiail'cracka so that Iare
bogs cannot get In; lee J thernin that at four
weeks old, dry wheat, untjl they ate about
four months nl J, nd thou ji've them slops
Blade of bran, aborts, or cboppod fcraln of
any kind, and give them a grass lot to run
jn. I usually sow a p'oceiu oats and turn In
wbon about six inchts hitth. Put a little
salt in your slop. Tt takes but little feed to
raise a pig iu this way, until be Is six mmi: lis
old; and then he is fit to take your stubblo
J would advise (eedinir wheat as soon as it la
in the dough. Cut him a little each day and
If yon havo a sufficient quantity of p-jts,
JeDceoff a piece and turn thetn in upnuMt
After it Is nearly cat ut throw op n ni other
p'eco to them, and when your wobble is ite'
tlug well picked feed a little oh morulrn
early, ahd then tbby Hill clean the stubble
anil train a llttloeaoh day.
Iu order to make a pltf lit f.r markot aid
make a pood artiole of bucon, honnglu to
gain a little flash each day and it cannot be
made profitable without. If ho dos not
pain, bis feed during tlmt time is lost. AtU'r
bo is four months olc1 howillgsinonepnund
each day. Have hint to that it will bo a
pleasure to you and you will talto pride In
sbowiut; him to j our callers. We all know
a bog la mibcbleviouM, esjievUlly if uot fed,
and a lot is needed, say near your kHohen.
aud it needs to bo large enough for film so it
will jjrow some fraud,
to the growth of the
.suckling. Never attempt to rake j oung pigs
upon a floor; they must be upou l ho dirt or
ground, and until yoar stubble is rnidy your
pigs ought uot to ba allowed out ol their own
pasture, and notbiugelso allowed to go in It,
and it pioperly cartd for they Kill uot be
called mischievous, and you will Jiae no
stoik on your pIhco giving you less trouble
or faying as well for what they eat, for with
out hogs a ar,6 amount of feed is w astcd
thati lie for tbeii urn.
If ycurorcliaid Is set la c'oyer or sowed to
i)rniu you can let them iu as abovestated and
it will be profllable, lor they will pkk up the
applou as tbey la.ll and conert them iuto
park. Sweet applui, alouu, will make good
pork I have killed hogs weighing 800 lbs,
loJ on apples nlono, Alter the pig Is weimed,
sty 8 wieks old, psy the tow and ftittuu her
with the pigs. Sae tow pigs tor your tics
spring's litters. You llieu get paid tor iaji
Ingjour sow up to bo ready lor bacon, in
getting p'gs. It would be well, howor, to
save ono good breeder tor a stand by, Hud
she iJi'gtu hao a Sepu mbnr litter, they w ill
be alwiii slx'oeu uion lis old when farrowed,
wbieh they cntht to be, and they will then
biin as good pig6 as at any oti.tr llmo.
Now I assert that no farmer can atl'ird to
be without hogs, and especially if he lias t.
haul his grain any distance lo market. Takn
It one yer with another, grain will brJnu
more fed to pork than to thrush and haul o
market it you are ten miles trnn P. Hut Ut
ile cutting is Deeded mid no threshing. M
experierce tells me that the most profitable
way to fatten a bog Is to give him w heat in
the head or the sheaf, as the chuff htlps to
till 11, no upaudla)hit upon their t-tomoh
until properly digeMtd. At 111 st sight It will
look like trouble to nx a lot, make pons and
feed plus, but nx properly aud it nil! bt
therefor many a long year. Wle't good ko.
nod leel properly and you will rind its
pleasure to fatten twenty good ( is to w ih
'00 lbs. eacn. say n takes ytu one dty to
drive tbem to market, it is no mure than
marketing a good load of wheat.
I hear you say: will ia'paj? I say je, I
know it will pay, for a certain q launty ui
hogs, and nothiug upon the farm will p.iy
better, if as well. 'It U not necessary to itcd
sll wheat; potatoes boiled is preferable leed
when tbey are growing. Mquaauand punp
Jtins for a change in fattening are very good.
Summer-fallow ycur ground by rahitig
corn. I know a number who have done this
eucoesefully aud made 30 bushels of com per
ere. I would cut it when in roasting-ear
aud feed it upon my timothy meadow; also
tieaf wheat; by so doing you would gtta
nach larger crop of bay nexr season. It wll
b necessary to ha e a tloiod pea to leed
your sheaf wheat upou when If gets muddy.
Jt will not ut much and will last mauy
Remember in foodicp: your gralo ppon
your farm you are enriching it. Ic was said
by an emiuuut writer: ''a shipper of grain 1
an enomy to his country." Mr. Editor, I am
pleased to say right here that last week 1 had
a letter from a Rmtlem.ui enst of the motio.
tahio, luiost n stranger lo me, thanking me
for introduction this subject, stating that he
bad considerable graiu he did not know what
to do with and could not Bllord to send it to
market. .Slid lie had wondered why there
were not mora hogs raised and made into
bicon, and so reduce the product of thecoun
try to a more concentrated form and pay loss
troighi'. Tli In was from a gentleman only
two yean in Oregon.
Ic might bo said tbat if wo rained two much
pork It will ro.iute the price. This will never
bHthocdso iu Oregou. There will not boa
sutilcieot quantity raised lor many years to
bring it up to It actual worth, 'ho supply
ofhosistis) limited to run one good pack
ing hnuro prcll ably, Tor the same rearon you
hrio given concerning our machine shops,
and without doub , in my mind, lbs more
hoi the bettor price, as the bucon trade is
largely upou the iticitaso.
Saltm, April 27, 187(1.
Ed Fahmkr: As another election Is draw
itig bear, will you (erinit roe lhrctiih the
columns ot your nluuble paper, to say a
tew words oi the tubjtct of temperance. I
wish to ak our timpeiame iriends what
tbHyluiend to do. I think it hi high time
that we nave smoothing definite lo work for,
I think if wo had something tangible to tvkp
noiti or, mat wjuia aa ureas itoli to tue uu
dirraDdlBK of the (risnda of huuiauity iu
HTU-i vW Jtwn. SSmjB&l,JiyJCM.e?m"im- A'aisltSW-.SU
pig, ami cemWi tut" XW'? ?:A'.,rT"a,pw,,B.VTJ:-P"rJ'.a "?. liriuh" ,i-hot)lH-
.. - s . .m.i ,A ..j(Wi' v. k uti.4 "ntn i. y.-u AttivjrM j'f r
'VtuWW-ww' l-wL-'HI"'' jyu w tt.llfirtj :
1 .. .1-77'.. 1 ... 'i .. 1 . .. '.TT -r 1. .l UI.MW. a
odt saloons in a aljort time. As.muoh as we
may desire ii, wu cannot any of us ixpoct to
lie lonirenohgh to see King Alchnbol ban
ished from our midst, so let us look mound
for some inttliotl of cropping lh muns'er'ti
wings, so mat he cinnut h.I1 on ho proudly
in denanie of law, Ma ing his 00,000 a ytar;
to tay nothing ol tho tqualidneba, nilserv,
obscurly, and dcgreda'iou arWng from this
accused tralllc. Alter looking carefully
lor the most ulnprublu point in tho enemy's
line, I havo concludtd th.it the bst point lor
an witatk is, by creating tin. i.inco ol Stale
Inspector cf alconullu drinks, to whom any
porbon may solid or take a baiupUi ol tlio nr
tide piuehu'od ot any vcudorol Buck drinks,
wiieu It hhni: lie the duty ot 6.iid lnspeLlur
toaiuljiosatd simplos, uod c.iroi'ully no'e
tho rumlt. Wiieu It is discovered that any
porson H guilty ot selling an impure article,
his hlouk iu trade should bo destroyed, aud
lie should ha punished byline and imprison
ment. For each lepetitioii ol the ciltnsc, tho
line should be doubled.
11 suoh a bill wsH piefcnted to tbo next
Icgis.ntlire, and a petition circulated iu eterj
nelgliburhLcd lor signal uus, aud then lor
wi.rdhil If i lltt tindv. T rltir.U ihuv wr.iilf f.. 1
coiittraluft'l 10 j,u 8 Itj UJClnJduIShi
Sytem of Public Schools.
Ed. Fabheii: I was handed ono of
your papers, issued March 21th. In
snine I found coinmunication from Cot
tage Grove, relative to our Common
Schrris. For tho sake of disseminating
tho trttth, and having all sides heard,
I will talto issue vou some few points
mentioned. His first proposition as re
gards public school funds, lie says
" The donation from our State or na
tional government, should be applied
for, the, benefit of our common schools."
This idea may hold good in principle,
but not In practice. The national gov
ernment donated to the State of Or
egon seventy-two tactions of lantV to
endow a State University, from which
our State Mill realize near $150,000.
Tills amount of land was donated for a
special purpose. 'The legislature has no
legal or moral right to apply the pro
ceeds of this land for any other purpose;
no nioio Uinn it would if tho philan
ihropist A. T. Stewart, had donated
$150,000 to the Stnte-of Oregon for a
Bohool fund for the blind. If this
amount of iund had beon donated to
the State of Oregon for common school
purposes, tlion the University could
have hud no claims upon feaid fund.
AVoail admit tho advantage and neces
sity of sin elementary education for the
yo'uug, for they w ill soon be called upon
to handle the reins of our government;
but not to thopicrlnceof our State Unl
Two Mr.s Puowxr.l). Mr. Jacob
Consor writes to tho Statesman as fol
lows concerning a snd accident that rc
suited in tho Santiam last Saturday.
Tho letter is dated Jefferson, April 23d;
Our citizens were thrown into a state
of excitement yesterday evening nbnut
7 o'clock, by tho arrival of a mossen
ger bringing the sad intelligence of tho
drowning of two of oar highly respect
ed citizens and tho third in u perilous
situation, hanging to .-.onto willows
nbbut'tho middle of the South fotk of
the Santiain river, near Bond's old
ferry. On Saturday afternoon about
3 o'clock, Mr. Absalom Smith, James
Elliot and D. II. Morton started in a
skiff from the mouth of tho Crahtreo
Crock to come to Jefferson. About
two hundred yards above Bond's old
ferry, their skiff capsized, precinitating
mem into mo river. Mr. amiin anu
Morton were drowned, and James El
Hot swam about ono fourth of a mile,
and caught on a small bunch of willows.
Mr. Elliot fastened himself with his
belt to tho willows then calling for help
he was soon found by some neighbors;
about ono mile distant. A messonger
was Immediately sent to Jefferson for
Sheriff and help to re-cuo Mr. Elliot
from his perilous condition, which some
of our citizens succeed ctl in doingabotit
ten o'clock on Saturday night after hav
ing been in tho water about G hours.
To day a iartro number of citizins havo
been examining and dragging tho liver
lor the bodies ol the unfortunate men
without success. The search will bo
continued until their remains are
iiiporranw.i How" ejso
would our children receive a collegiate?
education preparatory for high posi
tions of life? Our common schools are
only for the purpose of educating the
young in the first principles of science,
or that tho. may receive an elementary
education. A person with an elemen
tary education i not fit or suitable to
fill all capacities of life. Every one's
experience ought to be pi imafacio evi
dence of this fact. If vi e wish to make
an advancement in our common school
system, the first step in consideration
should be flee schools; freo to all over
four and under twenty years of age,
It is impossible to havo good common
schools, unless tliu fiee-school syttoni
is established; thou the rich and the
iwor would have equal advantage. In
addition I would advocate that a com
pulsory law should be put in force. In
order to cairy out a free-scbool system,
there would have to be an annual tax
levied for tliut purpose, so many mills,
on the dollar, ami should bo in excess
ixtkai foi i(scnior,Liii,..(. 1 am Wcii awaie
thateurh a measure would find opposition,
bven among our friends. It will be urged
that tho whlidty ring wolud el ct a man who
would pauuer to thtir iHtereBt. Well, sup
po-e iney do ativcetd iu electing one who
can bu inlluuiced by bribery! There is a
remedy in 0111 hands Tor such things, and 1
would like to Luow if our governors, judges,
and other ollU'ers ate not liable to be subject
to the Kuuu influence, and you do not hear
sine mtu urging us not to elect such clllccrs
tor tear they may bu bribed, or to do away
with their ollices, on that account. Now,
fearing my communication is already too
lengthy lor Insertion in j our paper, I will
cltixe, hoping to ht ar liom others upou this
subject; and, II any person has better plan
to propose, 1 should bo giad to hear from
them. The strongest argument in lavor of
ibis nil), is that those wuo drink would favor
it o s in be aDie lo get a pure article.
I now BUD.nbe myself as a Uuod Templar.
QUESTIONS AND EEPLIE8.
1:d. Kaiimeii: In your paper of March 21th
the question is propounded as to how many
feet, lumber measure, there is in a post Si ft.
Ion, tt Inches square at one end, and two
lutlitjeMiuare at rile other, tlv answer is
5114 ft el.
Will auy of your readers furnish mean
answer to the loilouiuu: Wb.it is i he least
muouiit of land necessary lu a piece so tbat
ouh rail will fence an acre, allowing twenty
rails lo the tod? Aualyls gheu.
Irving, tone Co. . it, .
The farmers of Yooealla act ahead orain
of what is noedetl yearly, and Jut this
surplus go into tt sinking fund and bo
loaned out ( iu connection with dona
tions, penalties, Ac.) on good land se
curity. Let tho interest of this fund
only be used iu helping to defray tho
expenses of keeping up a'six month's
school. As tho law is now, districts
are only compelled to havo a three
month's school taught in order to draw
their pioportion of tho school fund.
This is certainly an oversight in oar
law uiukes. A three month's school
is almo-t a sacrifice of time and money.
Tins law should bo repealed at the
meeting of our next legislature and
should read thus: " Districts shall not
bo entitled to their projwtion of the
school fund unlets thero biiall have
been taught in their districts at least
six months school, except in newly-organized
districts-. Thero Is too little
interest manifested in our common
fachools, both by parents and directors.
It is seldom the .directors ever visit
their schools, as tho law directs. The
law s.y Directors of school districts
shall (not may) visit their school once a
iiiontn." It is uot one time in fifty, it
is executed. Let us havo less law and
heavier penalties, and huvo them bet
ter executed. . u. .
Jrvjng, luno Co.
Stilt.. CAiutirs tub Ruoom. Tho
ship Western Shore, built in 1873,ut
Coos' Bay, Oregon, by tUImpsoh Bros.,
runtT'Sviliiphi mntre ft roivlnrkivUlyria;ili.
trip, from aan u'rancisco to ijivorpooi
Inst year, with a whdat cargo, has again
proved herself entitled to rank as the
fitstct sailer on tho high seas She nr?
rived hero form San Francisco last
December, under charter to Bogers,
Meyer it Co., to load wheat for Cork.
She Was load6d with 00,000 bushels
wheat, valned on board at $3(1,000, and
crossed the bar at the mouth f tho Col
umbia river on tho 10th of January.
She arrived at her destination on last
Friday, April 21st, 102 days out,making
(lie quickest voyage, by about 20 days,
ever made front Oregon to any Euro
pean port by any sailing vese.', a fact
of vthich those interested in Oregon
will lio proud, and which wo predict
will irivo tho vessel tho right to carry
the broom for a long time to come. Tho
Western Slioio is a wooden vossol of
superior model and rig. Her register
ed tonnage Is 1,178, and her canying
capacity abont 1,800 short tons. She
lias excellent advantages as an Oregon
gram ship, and speaks well for Oregon
in tho marts of tbo old world, whuro
her sailing qualities aie compared with
those of tho splendid specimens of naval
A Good Draft Horse,
"Wo call nUentiotVof horse-breeders in
this vicinity to the merits of tho well
known draft stallion, "Bon Hoy," as
proved by his progeny otio year oldt
Mr. Isaiah Mosier, of Clackamas coun
ty, took tho ilrst picmium last fall, at
the State Fair, for the best colt of all
work; John Downing and John llum
phuy and others, of the Waldo hills,
havo splendid colts, now yearlings,
that cannot bo excelled by those of any
other horse; F. 10. Eld ridge, of French
'Prairie, says $300 would not not buy
his Ben Hoy colt, and many othors
show ids progen" of rcfnarkabln size,
and put up in excellent shape. Tlioe
who havo experience and aro com
petent judges, claim that Ben Hoy's
colts excel any of tho l'orchcron got,
and that seems to have beon the con
clusion of tho committees at tlio Stato
Fair. Tho Mosier colt will 1)0 hero
next month, and those interested can
see for themselves. Tho Bon Hoy stock
scorns to combine tho best qualities for
tlio much talked of "agricultural horse,"
or liorso of all work.
archilecltuo of all other nntlotu, to her
advantago and the honor of tbo St'do
where she was mii.OrejunUt)t,
Body Found at Last. Some timo
last November Mr. Clias. Wtdker, lor
merly a resident ot Clackamas county,
but lecontly from Klickitat, disappear
ed mysteriously noar the D,tlleJ, and
all ellorts to discover his whereabouts,
dead or alive, proved fruitless. Walk
er at tho timo of his disappearance,
owned a farm in Clackamas. 116 came
dowitTou business to J'oriMnd, nnd
Tiaving"tr.nrs.ii!ted"lt, started back to '
Klickitat. Ho lett tho Dalles lu a two
liorsojteam, crossed thuiivorand camp
ed near the Qilmoro place about two
miles from thoColumbhi. Walker was
alone, and during the night ho disap
peared. The next day his horses and
wagon were observed, but no traces of
tlio owner. Soarch was instituted and
continued for some days', but it was
unrewauled. Weeks and mouths nass-
edaway, and still no tidings of the
missing man, and at length all hopo of
over iecoonug the body (for it was a
settled conviction that Walker was
diow tied, either by accident or inten
tionally), was abandoned. A lew d.ivn
ago a body was found near Brookilutd
fishery, and on tho person Were found
valuable pipers which proved Imvomt
all doubt tbat the tum.tiucs weio Walk
ers. Alter belnir in tho water lh-
about five months, and drifting over
I.)0 mike, tlio body was at last recover
ed. Tho widow will bo untitled ot tho
fact, and the loin litis treated to a Chris
tian burial. Oremriiuii.
John Love, of llarrisburg, has been
adjudged Jusauo uud sent to tho East
Maiuon Col'Ntv Tho Republican
county convention was hold last Friday
April 21st, and the following nomina
tions were made:
Eor Representatives D. I'nyton, F.
R. Smith, A. N. Gilbert, Stephen
Smith, II. K. Hunsaker, Win. Porter.
Clerk George A Kudos.
Sheriff Joseph A Barker.
Treasurer A F Wheeler.
Assessor W. G. Porter.
Commissioners J. B. Loouc.v. John
Hciiooi superintendent--!!. i urooic.
surveyor .John jnowsoui.
Coroner Dr. E. It. Fisk.
The Democrats held thoJrconvention
on Saturday, aud nominated the follow
Hepre-onlatives F. X. Math low, J.
M. Kitchen, J. M. Scott, John Savage,
Jocob McCIain. D. II. Murphy.
Work V. R. Hyde.
Sheriff P. K. Murphy.
Commissioners Charles Thomas, Jo
rouio B. Jackson.
Treasurer Samuel Parker.
Assessor E. T. Perkins.
School Superintendent W. M. Kai
ser. Survoyor Soth It. Hammer,
Coroner Dr. A. M. Belt.
The Democrats of Benton havo nom
inated the following for county oilices;
Clerk, E. A. Millncr; Treasiner, Thos.
Graham; Sheriff, W. A. Wells; School
Superintendent, J. W. Buyson; Sur
veyor, J, W. Webber, Assessor, Jacob
Modice; Corner, Dr. J. A. Davis; Coun
ty Commissioners, E. T, Skopton, John
Wiles; Representatives, G. B. Smith,
J. T. Hughes, G. W. Prust.
OituaoN- Mi:i)K'al Sociiirv. Tho
tegular mooting of tho Medical Soduty
of Hie Stuto of Oregon come on tlio
Afoudny lu Juno iiul, the day of the)
Stato election, and as but fow members
from a distance would bo likely to at
tend, it lias been suggested that those
present should adjourn till tho li'th of
tho following mouth, when a full atten
dance would bo secured, aud tljo mum
bres havo an npprtuuity to partlcipttu
iu the f'ourth ot July centennial cele
bration to which they h.tvo boon invi
ted. Tlioy should endeavor to reach
Portland on tho .Id of July. All moms
bers and medical men attending tbo
meeting, on paying full faro to Portland
will bo luturued freo upon a certillcalo
of the puriifaucnt secretary over tho
following routes: O. SN, Co., Willam
ette Transportation aud Lock Co., O. C.
It. H. and the O. fc C. It. R.
Tho Wasco county Democrats have,
nominutcd ,tho following. For Joint
Stato Senator, S. G. Tompson; Rep-ros-ontives,
D. W. Butler, J. II, Mosier; '
County Judge, O. S. Savairo; County
Commissioners, S. M. Baldwin, F. II.
Chastine: County Clork.lM. M. Cushlncr:
Sheriff, J. B. Crosson; Treasurer, E.'
wingato; Assessor, J. ju. uarrison
School Supreintendent, M. II. Abbott;
Survoyor, Thos. Slushor; Coroner, Dr,
J. A. Bobbins.
Tho Esther Minim: Company in
Josephine county are extracting ore
and hauling to their mill on Grave
creek, and will commence crushing in
a fow days. S. C. Shanks took out of his
mining claim on .Ionian guicii a mco
piece of gold, worth $17 ol),
Tho ground has been staked off and
the plans are being drawn for a fine,
brick hotel at Albany.