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About Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887 | View This Issue
For thf Wlllnmctto Farmer.
Flax Culture-Its History.
The great interest awakened In our
Shxtc, on the subject of flax-culturo
and flax manufacture, has induced us
to trace up its history and to follow its
gradual developement Inlw an article
of trade and commerce, not only in
our own country and during modern
times, but nraong the most ancient
nations of whom we have any authen
The ue of linen is extremely ancient
and thomanufacluroof it into garments
antedates the founding of Troy, Thebes,
Athens, or Home. We find the ancient
Phienicians, who lived contemporane
ous with Abraham and among whom
ho and his descendants lived for two
hundred and flften year.-, 2100 AJ M.,
and 1900 11. C were a commercial and
, manufacturing people. Their capital
cities, Tyro and Sidoti, were early cele
brated for their " textile fabrics and
for their commerce in purple and fine
Lidcn was tlio national manufacture
of the Egyptians in the time f the
Pharaohs, and tlio prolific holders of
the river Nile, furnished from the re
. motcst periods, as at the present time,
abundance- of tiie finest flax. They ox
ported their " linen yarn " and " fine
linen " to the Jewish Kingdom, in the
days of Solomon 1000 15. C., and in
the time of Herodotus l.'iO II. C
they Pent to Greece their " fine linen
with broidered work.
It appears from sacred and profane
history, that linen continued to form
tho most estemed clothing in Egypt
till after the Christian era. Specimens
of Egyptian linen, at least three thous
and yeara old, are preserved in abund
ance in tho numerous swaddling-bands
in which the mummies are wrapped
up, and these show that tlio arts of
spinning and weaving had advanced to
great perfection; for not only ii the lin
en very similar in every respect to
what is made now, but some of it is of
" extreme fineness resembling fine
muslin or cambric, " though evidently
mado of flax; as may lie seen in the
IJritish Museum and as we saw in tlio
Oriental Mnseum last summer at X. Y.
The quantity of mummy-cloth found
in the mummy pits and sepulchres of
Egypt is so great, it is said, that it has
even become an object of speculation to
employ it formaking pupcr.3 From the
Kgyptiaus, the neighboring nations,
the Jew, Greeks, and Homaus learned
the manufacture of this material,
which was held in such high esteem,
that it was used as raiment of royalty.
Tiie earnest mention wo nave of tins
in sacred history is found in Ex. 9. 31
" And the flax and the barley was
smitten in tho car and the 'flax was
boiled." This occurred before tho Jews
were a nation and after Joseph and his
descendants had remained two hun
dred and fifteen years in Egypt.
Again it is mentioned in Josh. 2, C;
" And sho brought them up to the
roof of the house and hid them with
tlio stalks of flax, which she hnU laid
in order upon tho house." The oriental
houses were flat-roofed witli parapets
surrounding, as they are to-day as we
have witnessed with commodious
stairway leading thereto and was un
doubtedly used in this instance, for
drying tlio flax, by the heat of the sun.
In fact tho Jewish historians and
prophets speak of it incidentally, all
through their writings, as though it
were a common article of production;
and our Savior illustrated his new and
sublimo doctrines by referring to the
" rich man clothed in purple and line
In modern times, the manufacture of
linen arrived at the greatest perfection
in aflnels; and was not in common use
in England till 12o:l, when it was intro
duced by tho Fleming's woolen shirt
having been worn before that time. In
i:i(JS a company was formed in London
for manufacturing it, and Lord Went
worth introduced it into Ireland in
1G34. Tho inhabitants of the Nether
lands, however, long excelled England
in its fabrication and the finest linens,
called Holland, wore imported into
that country. At pic-ent very littlo is
imported, tho production of tho Irish
and Scotch looms being moro than suf
ficient for homo eon-umption. Tlio
linen trade, of Great Britain has been
moro than doubled within tho last half
century .owinggroatly to improvements
in flax-.-pinuing. Tlio manufacture in
that country may now be valued, it is
said, at$-10,i00,0(xi annually, employing
' 180,000 hands, young, and old.
W. F. Wm,
Jeitki'vSon, Jan. Jutli, IfcTO
It s Sjlo-flft in tun t'u-fi Jww, If net .
vir-f, to cuffor coUi:l 4b I vV!i! to -;i!nil
Lf iu tfoowimntfon, iitn a Most) luo?'l. off
EW Baur of W(lKcfi'i and 'lr, LWen
. t..- e, -' f "" '"', i4 n4:rn)anoci
.n c ...cti";
Frxil Vrtnr. Vn.lnnl.it. .,., .,n.i
at the St. Charles Hotel to inspect tho
vanous samples of flno graded wools
iwui niivu uuen eoiioeicu and arran
ged in proper condition for shipment
to I'hlladflhhin. in lr nWnil mi v-MK.
ilion at tho coming Centennial. These
Moms mo ciiroiuuy arranged according
to tho iinnlltv nf tlin irnuinu in c-.,..-,,,..
each samplo'being hold to its place by
pieces of ribbons. These eight frames
containing as many samples. Mr. M.,
Wilkins, of Linn county, enjovs tho
credit of having grown six of tho sam
ples on exhibition. One frame contains
n specimen of tho finest grade of a
muiwuiu nece, anotner, a sample ol
Lecoister wool, while four frames con
tain an equal number of grades of im
proved Oxford wool. These wools are
Of GXtmnrdilllirV flnnlln mill tlin iv.
hibition of the same cannot fail to im
press the world most favorably with
tho superior grades of that article
grown in Oregon. Mr. Wilkins also
has a sample of lino wool cut fiom tho
fleece of an improved Oxford lamb onlv
six months old. which for beauty and
delicatoness of fibio can hardlv be dis
tinguished from silk. Mr. Thos L.
Davidsou, who resides near Salem, has
two framns containing extraordinary
lino samples of wool taken from the
fleece of a Merino sheep. All these
specimens have been selected with ex
treme care, and prepared with tho ut
most taste. Such an array of wools
cannot fail to attract general attention
and elicit flattering comment. The
sample will bo placed in a compact box
and shipped East along with the
cereaN nnil nthfr iirriidos tn ho nlnpml
on exhibition. Every precaution will
be observed to have tho specimens
reach their destination in the best pos-
si'lliln mvlnr irnaaiu "Willrliu .in.l
Davidson deserve much credit for their
eiiorts to place bolero the world in the
most advantageous light, one of tlio
l?M'.lfpst indllfrii'-i wnul orrnu'inrr nf
Cj:iu:ai.s ron Tin: Ci:xti:xnial.
Tlio Centennial Commissioners have
succeeded in collecting u magnificent
assortment of cereals, which arc tem
porarily on exhibition in one of tlio
rooms of tho St. Charles hotel bnilding,
whore they will be allowed to remain
until shipped East. There are about
forty-two varieties of the cereals com
monly known in this State, including
tho various wheats spring, fall, etc.
grasses, barley, rye oats, etc. Great
care has been exercised in the selection
of tlio varieties of grain and grasses
and none but the very cut collected.
Without an exception tho grains are
large, plump and fully developed, and
are marvels of what a fertile soil and
favjrablo climate can produce. These
cereals are now arranged in largo round
glass jars which aro kept tightly closed,
and tho contents excluded from expos
ure to tho air. By this precaution tho
grains can bo prevented from shrink
age, aud will reach their destination
plump and clean. When ready for
shipment East, the cereals will bo
placed in small sacks, appropriately
labeled, to prevent confusion and facil
itate easy aud rapid classification, put
Into tight boxes and sent as ordinary
freight. On reaching l'hiladelphiahe
grain is to bo taken out and arranged
in squaer glass jars, which will onablo
tho varieties to bo exhibited most ad
vantageously. Each bottle will liavo a
label attached, giving tho variety of
grain, where and by whom raised.
A LAiiriE Cakgo. Tho Orcironian.
Jan. 29, says: Tlio ship Uowdon, which
cleared for Liverpool yesterday, carried
tho largest cargo of wheat over ship
ped from Oregon, and considering the
size of tho vessel, sho had a very good
dispatch. Sho arrived in tho river
about tho 4th inst., and camo up to
Pacific wharf whero sho was discharg
ed, and whero .-he took on over 1,700
tons of hor cargo. Sho went down tho
river without difficulty, drawing 17
feet, and finished loading at Astoria
several days ago. Her cargo In weight
oxcoeds that of tho Baron Aberdare by
abont :Mi0 tons, though that of tho latter
being p irt flour, w.ts more valuable by
about 7,000. In round numbers the
Bowden earriPd 90,000 bushels, and
Messers, CorbittA Mncleay, who loaded
and dispatched her, can pride them
selves on the fact that no other vessel
has ever carried a larger cargo from
our State; none so largo over had bet
ter dispatch. We wish the llowdenas
successful a voyage all round as sho has
Oregon State Temperance Alliance.
Tlio minimi raeetlns of tlio Stato TBtnper
nnot AlUanan will b li-jld in tlm ulty of
ro"tliiuJ mi VVodiKiwItiv, Feb. 10. IsTll. coin-
menclns; Kt 10 o.olotk A. M m rooJ Tem
Iilari' Hall, corner Alilsr and thlnt streota.
All tempfjrnniw boci(tls, rhurchm, Httnday
KohfHilR, nnd all ornuled bndlei wlilnh aro
knowu to b in iiotlve worklns f-ympatby
witntlio temjieranro rt-lorm, nro rfjnestHd
to send illozutrH. Tbo uasln of roprussnU
tion ib: Ono delegate for the orKanization,
iinb ono lorevory twenty tuomhorb, and one
for itvpry tiAidlna ovrtsn.
Arrntitiipnts Jiave bfeu mad) with the
various transportation coinpiniis for the
usual reduction of faro to delegates wbo at
tend. W. R. Dunbyr, President.
Insnwprto pn Itujiilry, the r.cconl says
tbflm ia a onnsidri) hlu quantity of irood pov
ernment land on tbo Unqullle river nud its
trlbuwrlt,!!. Tliw-o IuikIh, of course, aro not
ImtuclI.iUily ujion cavlablo walon., nor on
rnailH nlrhHilf nrlAfln: lint lliov ran hn ffinnfl
by tbo oniorpriiilng irntnlraut who Is will
ins to ticca pi laud vlileb is a few miles back,
vroll wntHrod, with oxcollont hoII. and covor
o.i v.'lt'i llruber. No luau neid o'ltcetotiio
C09fct r.f 'ir.i.t'iirn Oct)? u looking for . titiiui,
prairia ' ud; b'lt ni-iu v !i- t.r-5 wi'linv to
tvir.e f t 'f'uniu ilio wbilf-riKn.n, pii) Jin 1
pis n v r . (m n , i y ? s f.i iutid v ,u M
fteiifcv if1''1, " - ffwi fviu'r.-y'
tfc,ii'Japul w ft . tji.fC bJuaais " e'i
bid rrilf.ii("rl 111 n n-, .) Hlf, ttrrisl. T". ji
i I is'l b'j n- .'luil i'll'l fll fOO-l fIU.iliy
INFALLIBLE AND FINAL
ALL PERSONS SUFFERING FROM ASTIIMA,
lltoncbltls. Inilu'cd Phthisic. Incipient Con
sumption, nnd w!hlne to bo PERMANENTLY
CUhMl, plei-o lurorm m In person or by letter.
U address Is NliliuY, Cln:k.ilni comity. Urcimn.
JiiSlmO II. M. DAUGHKHTY.
Oregon Steamship Company's
THE STEAMER ALICE WILT. LEAVE SALEM
for Corallls awl intermediate points on Mondiy
inrt ThiirrcHv of each week anint 3 p. in. Returning
Mill loo suem for Portland at a. ra.
Steamer UllNANZ V will leave for the same points
on Tueedaj s and .Friday.
W. II. McCUI.LT. Agent.
Jin 51, If.
SOMK OF TIIE REASONS WHY EYKRY FAR-
mer t-houla proenro feed of these vilmblo Oat :
lft. They will ripen at lesst two week ctrller thaa
side oils. 2d. They arc mtj thrifty, and grow o
fat that they chokudown tilth to a stteit ettent; and,
a they triinv ey tall, aro ca-lly cut abo e fern, on
thowout tern land. SI. They wok-h flfiv pound? to
the bncoel, strnrU meauro 4th. 'They nil All, plump,
no hlnrku. and are worth far mors fr iil or for inik
inr? oatmeal thin any other oit. r.t'i. They can be
"ownon land th it in seeded with wild oat. and will
be mdy in head beioro tho wild oils .will 1 1 pen.
tlicrcbvslUn. a irood crop uf oats and at tho name
timo cleano tho land I havo rnif cd thcte nate three
yearn, and kmitvul at I state to bs tr.iu. Theyluve
'aken tlioswecptake prtmlnm o er all othir o.it,
theIatto jia- at tho Oregon S'ntn F.ilr, which
anyone cm moViv refeirlus to the preminm llt.
Theynmnbcantlfiil nlittu rain, nud ero Impoitcd
tiorn Cnnndi by the Doenrtinent nt Wahlngtiin. I
now ofler theo valntblo o it to Farmers In -rd only
at tliolollowins rate: Two bnhels or oer, ilCfi
pcrbit'lioi; anything les, ten ci ts p-r pound. Any
ono nishluj tutiniclinaloliushcl or more will ro
LClvo a samplo by hendin'j tio lliree cen stamps to
J ii. ltmsuiiss,
lfothcl, Polk co., Oregon.
Las' sprlnslfoned some of tho Hopeton Oaton
fi in land, and they rruv till cnomh to int abnio the
fern and mil.OKOodsnoie3 I solved some stdnobts
at tho sime time, tho land th? same kind, with the
eimi) tieatment. Tho Hopeton Outs jleldcd one
third more to tho aero thin tho side oats, and nf mnch
hotter finality. And better than all. the Hopeton
oats ere ripo two wcel;9 befoio the side oat.
M. L. ROaniNS.
Bethel, Polls co.. .Tan. 31. lSTd Jli "'
aUOWN w Ith care and painstaking, from selected
stofk. Alwais Pa! Try mine. 8co adver
tisement "All About (iardenlmr." J. B. ROOT,
(iroiver, Roukford, 111. Jal4wl3
Hpooncr's Prize Flower Seeds
Market Vcgctablo Seeds
The cheapest and best seeds
in tho market. Send two 3
cent stamps forourlllmratoo
cat.ilouu and sto tho prices,
,W. H. SP00NEK.
Gifcy of Salem and Ohio,
WILL LEAVE POUTLAXD. TIUIOUOII TnE
Locks, forbalcin, Albany, Con jllis, Harrlsbiiri;.
Kul'ciiu Citv. nud nil wav uulnts. two and thice times
I a week, and luuni.
FllEtUIir fonMided by this line will rccchc quick
i despatch and the best of care.
Oiirsteami'M lue nncq'iahd aceommo'iations. be
I in? pnvided wltliocrytlilui;iii.ca.iry to make tra
Ilavimr leacd tiie IHCIFIO WHRF and WARE
1 noUSE ftho best in Poitlmd. tcimr nil enclosed) wo
aie prepand to lectho on stori'o ,),(l')0 tons of
, ireigm. ff? uiiAui.ua itusuiNAUiji;.
For iurther information, awply on hoard stctmcrs,
or to N. INKKIISOIA.,
I General Airent, Portland.
I F.O, FOIIWATKA Salem, Agent.
U. B. SCOTT & CO.
THK UNDERMOSBn HAVE RAISED TIIC PAST
jeir, and line fo'sulo
lOOO BuslieJs Dutch Flax osd
A they imported the s ol sown, and hao ciiltlvitcd
caiLfully, thoy can wjirauttno same to bo
Good CJlcnn Rued of Excellent
The adianlnioot Iht iticty 1 that, after savini;
the se-d, tho still iv i ery valuable for iivinuftctur
intpnri si-4 Ailfhu-ffi, PAKIOSH A,3IILI.rJlt.
Januiry.") 'li-tl Jellerfon, Oregon.
J. W. WEITIIBILFOHL
Weatherford & So.,
Wholesale and Jtetall Dealers In
In FAIN i S.
:E o :r fum ery
PURE WINES and LIQUOB.S,
For Mullcma! purjiosts.
IrZudicincs Compouuded, aud
Weatherford & Co.,
JanV-y Cocmcrclalrlreet. SAK.-fi.
lTOriC'lt i herebv itcii lhat th underifrnol In
i,i Ij. hii dily appoli lil adnilnut'-iiur f tho ei.tito
of !UvM V(ou, iv .oai, id. "ill ptituus Ifnini!
rnnrsii in h.in n.itrii rv rpci!iin I nr.l tilt un
ii wiiji xmipor V,iea. s "i- it m rei;i iu
; xnrinri enoa'.y, reia. wuu i s-..iiii
qw s"j- w
Jc. i: i- I
GARDEN CITY PLOWS, IMPROVED
E HAVK ON lUKP. AND AKE RKCFIVTNG
lldiV ever liefon known in this bUt, Tluwo nor on
V.W -, . 1 1)1.. ...... f..,,....l
pl.rnipil llo v. ever lioiioiieii toin'1 racuicci a-t.
Warranted Superior to any Plow in tho United F tates !
THE GARDEN CITY SULKY PLOW,
Cuttinpc 14 and 1G inchoa. with 3-horso attachment, and 16-moIi
rolling Cutter is without a rival. It has been so thorough
ly tested that wo warrant its operation in any soil in
tho Stato. These Plows ara sold with that guaranty.
t2T SEND FOR CIRCULARS AND PRICE MSTS.-S
SCHUTTLER WAGONS, ALL SIZES,
SEEDERS AND CULTIVATORS,
CULTIVATORS AND HARROWS, sg
T. CUNNINGHAM & CO.
SALEM, October 1, 1S75.
- i mm i -
Stubborn Coughs and Colds yioid
promptly to tho healing and cura
tlvo properties of Dr. Jnync's Ex.
pectornnt. It loosens and promotes
tho expectoration of irritating mat
ter, mitigates much paiu and dis
tress, and chocks Inflammation.
Asthma, Bronchitis, and Throat
Troubles aro at onco reliovod by
Mr. JnynoH Expectorant. It re
moves constriction of tho Bronchial
tubes, loosens phlegm, soothes nnd
heals tho mucous membrane, arrests
any fovorlsh tondoncy, and helps to
forward a gradual euro.
Consumption, Pleurisy, and Lung
AffCCtiOIIS aro generally controlled
and ameliorated by Dr. Jnjno'w Ex
pectorant. It saves tho lungs from,
much irritation and distress, by ro
lioving thorn of tho irritating rnnttors
by which thoy aro clogged, it also
suppresses inflammation aud gives
tho alToctod parts a chanco to heal.
Whooping Cough.Croup and Hoarse
ness aro ofH caclously treated by Dr.
Jnyuo'M Expectorant. It removes
difficulty of broathing and oppres
sion in tho throat or lungs, promotes
tho ejection of mucus and subdues
the violence of theso complaints at
tho outset. It is a Safo Family Cura
tlyo, of long-ostabllshod reputation,
and whero promptly ndminlstorod,
has enabled many to cscapo serious
I j u..tfj .v vw,. I, .u.v.-..k. ,ime, LtliLlmill,
JOHN Y. GILBERT'S,
Fruit Trees JFruit Trees !
I havo CO,000 Jrtho
Finos fc Pruuo and Plum Treos
In the btate,
Kor sale ttiM rail, 1T1, nn.l ;irliiu of 18T1. Truon froti
tljUMiHtUlitfuet In lilrfit, nil irntfiud oil omulii.'
75,000 other Fri'i- Tn-.'s ewi hrub,.
(lrttw wilU-'M. UjuKii u Cttitlfx.'u. utirr!i.
Mt jbi fhx. ut iijr ninttnr,
m. w. aiXTyAfv,
Prorti...vt a. J ilrmil .. iv i
i'nl iit l'riiuud, Wr.
HO. i 1MB - lUIB
TUB LAliHEST Muni ur iut Aiiuf. uttiy
1 ed ore made with new nnd special impro cmcnt,
i io uti---t. "i imcci. i,m,? i. wu ...j
-frff'l ir-lr ii
Foroist Grovo, Oi'osou.
T!r.- S. II. MYlMit, D. B President, and 1'rores
orol Intollortiml lhllo-onhy.
H-.v HOKYOB LYMAN, A.M., 1'iofossor of Rhet
oric ami llletortr.
HBO. II. UULLICR, A. M., rrofessor of Math
eiiitlei. Hisv. T. CO.VDON, A. St., Professor of Natnral
.1 IS. V. MA1MII, A. M Prorosor of Latin and
r I) iwnil, .M. Prlno'pilor Aoiaomy.
ll-n. M. P. si'ir,l.urt, I'r-ujpUoo.
Thoc'iiol vonr cjnlts of three terms, licslnnlnj;
ropvMlvi.l)r "ii Mio ilut SVeliujila of deptember,
Uvccin lor. nnil f lull.
In itii UnWi-i.ltv tho tuition Is ?I5 per yotr. ond
In tho AciJeni7 iftl'J per year piyiblo per term la
JJiml fin he hul a fun -1 to l nor week,
Utitiiliittioi-f fi- iJiiiNloii wilt l)j held on S
temli'i tt, at')a, in , t I'leCillen.
l'pftrtlier inlinnttlon, tllros tho President or
tny other moi'ihew of tho Pic ilty,
BooK and. Tot
MUNKBRS & REDINGTONp
Commercial Street, 8.1LEH.
Always on Unutl.
Jno. W. Reilington. Wood W. Munkers.
Chances for Good Invest
ment. rOYVF.n FOK HALE, ON I.ONO CREDIT, TO
itiiiiislhlu parties, alnaulo proporty and lnter
i ttt at tolloMs:
huts nnd Uiocks in 1'ortland, Or.,
With or lthout lionsen on them.
IT'ix-xrx'O, favorably located, with or with-
I 1 ,000 or more ncrcx or Tlmhored, Pralrlo. or
Vwilo LANDS, neir rlvus and rulhoads, at less than
An Intertut In a STEAM SAW MILL, which ha
tho liet-t puyin hiidntss la tho Utnto,
ValuiililuI'laiornnd 0'iartzMINEq In Ranlnrn Or.
ttrm, with wai( r miupiy nntl moilc'in injchlnery for
. willing uitach -ii. Also, Unart. Jtlll, Forry Itlicbt.
I mid Toll Uoaiin all of which inupony cau bo paid for
ijubiii mi. jirui-i wii oi iiiu uiuiliuss,
Monoy Loaned and Borrowed on f;ood so
enmy, una note. illjcuulitcU.
Alo. Locto Ho neHfads, Land Warrants, acd Col
K'L'ii .".r!p, on rclectea (iovirnuient Lauds,
Pruncity In Portland, and oiitnlili lands EX
CIIAN(IUI) tor propeity In other btius,
On all nlon, tlmo will bo given for nearly tha who!o
o. zvr. OAHTun,
Ileal KsUlollcjlor, l'Ort'i'LANI), Or,
dcrjllf (iittvi't llloclc l'nint Street.
A Fumisliod fein.
flViB miuoHtifufil, a n..fviiii r, with plfiuv or
a bii,, cie.ni CD at; iT nu . mi rio i 4a
.K) CiW u' ' M'itOV'Li) i. lj.i.1. i, I I T j J,
li'i f ii.uJ4m iXA fir.i'f.! i.il 4 , . i iriM i k
I 'n, mhi-H t intra to rent, . ' t ti. ...o w'r n"
.u- juin.mx nuint in too . iijiiru ' c. y, will eim
Ur ii WW r h firl. ' J . . o i lr
'.J ViltJ .i, 1.-1.1. U vj , Orcaoa,
". I i