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About Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887 | View This Issue
rM.i 01 .yi.ii,
IWawJJ" ''"?", ''W .. v?rS Ti ; ir. .!? wpI
lVTft"TSCi-,-,-;"' ';'"" 'j-""i'
?!!HEHHr9ifi!Ki3fX9ft9!59QHflHHHBEIW ? - v 'wsjv rt-iBmii-
tialcm. Friday. Jan. 7, 1870.
State Grange Deputies for 1875
Yarmcr of Oregon, and Washington Bud Idaho
Territories : Organize for self-protection and for the
ennoblement of the Industrial pur'tilts. To facilitate
this work, I Imvo commissioned thc following per
sons o my Deputies, In this Jurisdiction, to Institute
Orange, and to have a general supcivlslon of our
orkln their re-pcctlie Jurisdictions:
rotl Office. Kjrjimt.
A A Math-w Looking Glass Itoscburg
jacrpon, . ,
DSKBnlck Ashland Jacksonville
Wra I)ron Baker Clt) linker City
Wm W Fldlir Applejnte Jacksonville
HSIIill...' Junction City... Junction City
tluu It lIani-loy Camp Creek Uuxcne City
WmCyr'iJ.7.'. Sclo Marlon Station
JIA Irvine i.tuanmi ..........
DSIInli-y I'corla Albany
J it Smllh Ilarrlsburir Uarrisburg
(IUVkji Corvallls Coivallis
Jacob Xlodli- "
DA Wliwl Turner balcu
Junes Tutum Rlchreil
YAH LI LI,.
Anifcnrv Laravott Laf.iyet e
Alex. Held .McJllnnvllIo McSUniivllle
TD Humphrey HHIsboro Illllsboro
A It Shipley
East Portland... East Portland
The Lesson of the Times.
W J Cirupbell ...
It W Morrison....
II F Hidden Tillamook Ivortli nrahlll
TvL'h Tho Dnlles
J II liorithlt UpperOchoco
V l IMncliert CanjouClty Canon City
J 8 While Westni eston
O WMaswell rvilnnilrin City
. . Walla Walla Walla Walla
HuiirT-paklliw.'. Ewartsvllle Colfat
Jl 7. Goodnln.
CO 1.1 IV.
JolmS. ilorurlli ....
I1 11 Kniipp
It W Helm
. . .QJympla
, . .(iolilcnil'ila
....Mt. Iil.iho ,
Any locality wlth'.u I'll- Jurisdiction Mr which i.o
Doimly has been nppohitul fur the ornnlAtlon ol
Orange, will rscclvo laimedliln attention if applica
tion lis mads to me. I will attend to It In person or
appoint or send a Deputy. .
Jlvler Oregon Matu (franco, P. of II.
i;lni'!tniuii Count)' Council.
The Cl); County Council meets on the fonlh
FrldtT of eiek Biouth at 11 oMoclc . m. Plf-ce ol
mooUnff, at J. U. Trulllnger mill, uur the leuter of
OMcers-N. W. B.iadall, VreMut; A. Xlchol, Ylcn
J'realdent; W. T. II Samson, Secietary, P.O., 'ewlj;
John Hliw, TrMniwi Frank Vatirlu,, 1st r-ternri
N. II. DAmn'.l. i.iSlewaid: Win lttg 1. lntcl.Lier,
Hioihro lu mod t.i.tdtiu urj liiTlted tii nuul with
Dy order of the Council.
W. W. II, Sajuox, Scc'y.
NtXltu ti I'atrou.
Tho Po-t Offlco aiMrcs of S. P. I.ee, Treasurer ol
tliu Slate tlranje of Ont:on,U cMnvd from Ouvou
City to Poitl'inJ, Kiiro puckilge. 111 nico w ;or.
warded to Porlluid.
Money due Ihe FAtiMrit can ba nld to Ihn SI lie
Attentat Poilliml, Mr. S. P. I.ee, If moreeonvciiluit
than sea llu.' tin iiimo m thl oilke,
ffWM j...w m
For llio Kolid.iyo
Jul rcpttlvliifr, nt C'otmN V.-.).v Storp, tlir
larKeat nuil tncit Uapl,v-c!rctn.l b'ock of
Jiollilu.v Guntltt vor liroiiKlittoSiiktu.wliloli
will lu kol.I :il mo lowest prlci'M for t-a-h.
Oar lock ot l'Vmi.v tluoils mill Vihtoil
Wnio will bo or ihu Di'M, Mithloul Inolru
mkmiIh In troo.l vurli'iy. nml imctul toTo.3.
Wo hitvo a coinplolo Moilc of Mlllliiory,
H'tts. Flowers, nml Kiullior", vliloh wo will
poll ut cowt, to titalto room for oilier pooils
also, it line Mock of llnlr Swllclies, from S'J
up; Curls, HthIiIm, ami nil kinds of ilalr
OooJn ; t1ro"Vnrtf mul oln"" Ware, of nil
kinds; In fret, a Kenornl nsoitment of nil
ItluiU of GmiiU,
Auy porona or Societies wililnj to pet up
Christum1! Troon, or tr noil again, .vlll fv
call anil pxnnilna our atocic,
T no Dollar Storo U tlin tu'r.r'qinrtorN for kII
kludsof O'joJ', ntitl csntiot ba nmleruolil
Coinmi'rclitl Ntreet, Suit m.
MiixiXKitT Mm. U. M. CtwH IltfB to
iuform UiolaJleiofSaletii tul vicinity tliat
bIio Int'j fust rtH'tlvetl an entirely nc ivnil
lfljat stock of ooif, otnutAflnv: tl'u UUM
B'.ylisoHmnneta, ha', cti lso new tt.vlea
ot rlnbons, flow-up", feathers, etc , etc. Her
iirlws Hft reai-onalile, nml Mm lnvii$ the
ladles lottail Riui oxRiniiio ner k""'" uciuio
Tki:i:s. T. II. Alien, of Salem, Is R?ent
for (ho Wooduurn Xursery, and can be
fouml with nno msortmenl offrult, slit-ilo,
buU nriiiiiuuulHl Ires', of Ml vnrlclks, ftt
MimIIu ,t Allen's K'.irr, OornnteMKl hired.
Wlicuroti visit Pori land Joint Oil ( Ra
r.iMlfc oWwU's. Muhtv, vl-U I'd T0.W-? on
il . 'e. Adi!u'ou oi.ly .'i cjV.
We have been reading of late that
the private secretary of tho President
has been indicted for complicity with
the frauds" on thc revenue department,
committed for years past by tho whis
key ring at St. Louis and other parts of
the west, and the telegraph quite late
ly indulged in unpleasant particulars
of the threats made by the executive
favorite that if he should not be pro
tected and shielded from conviction,
and diegrace, lie would drag down oth
ers to infamy and injure the reputation
of a great political party by implicating
its leaders in the same connection.
Tho same dispatch gave details of the
evil deeds dono through the privilege
possessed by this favorite; how official
records have been mutilated, papers
abstracted from the flies, and other il
licit acts committed with the inten
tion to shield from merited conviction
and disgrace this minion of power, who
seems to have really committed some
of tho criminal acts charged upon him.
as the prosecuting attorney at St. LouN
asserts that he can certainly convict
him on tho indictment found, if he is
allowed a fair trial and justice is not
held by any constraint.
If theso things bo so we have fallen
upon evil times. It is with no partisan
bitterness that wo consider this matter,
for past associations do not permit such
prejudice to exist. As independent
journalists we must forego partisanship
to recognize that the interests of the
nation are alwvo party, and to warn
the voters of the nation that the safety
of tho government is in their keeping.
It is time for them to recognize their
responsibility when they live to see
tho favorite of the President act as
spoilsmen and recognize that corrup
tion and fraud have crept into confi
dence if not into power. Wa are not
williug to believe that tho executive
has knowingly countenanced these
frauds, but ho is at least unfortunate in
being intimately associated with men
who thrive upon his confidence and be
come rich by trading upon His tavor.
It is to be hoped that no obstruction
will be placed in tho course of justice
and that tho guilty will find due pun
ishment, but tho question remains:
What course is left us to secure honest
govonimont? So far as political parti-
srn.s, who aro almost invariably office
seekers, arc concerned, it cannot be
claimed that either party is to bo trust
ed with power without equal fear of
corruption. The very touch cf our
politics, as at pre-entconductcd, is con
tamination, anil if we have taken as a
text the exciting topics of the present
time, it is because they illustrate a
theme and furnish an example, not bo
cause the facts aro an i-olated instance.
Tho partisan approaches his theme
with bitterness but we only probe a
wound to find the cau.e of evil. We
helievo tho masses who exerciso the
ballot to bo sincere and honest. Be
lieving this, and respecting tho virtue
of tho masse, wo still must consider
the voters themselves to blamo for the
corruption that robs tho public treasury
and contaminates tho public morals.
It has t'omo to bo a natural thing to ex
pect a government official to grow rich,
and tho masses act with indifference
until the ci'imo eats into their own
pockets and rouses a selfish interest.
Tho parties that strivo for iho spoils
are in tho hands of wiro pullers and
political speculators who consider the
official position", and tho opportunities
to steal that aro incident to them, as
tlio rewards for active efforts inado to
win success efforts generally more ac
tive than honest.
The duty ot tlto hour is for Ameri
cans to urou.-r themseves and take firm
hold of tho reins of government; and
to do this they must purify political
parties and mako honesty and ability
tho tost of qiialilleatiou for office, As
it is, tho man who lays his schemes
well gets office, wins it by his own
plots and counter-plots. Tho politician
stocks conventions as the gambler
stocks ItLs cards; tho voter Is like tho
unsophisticated countryman who plays
to lose and then bo laughed at. It is
not necessary that this should always
be so, for tho people nro omnipotent, if
so minded. What is required is wiso
unity of thought and action.
Whilo worccognizothat tho grango
is not, and never phould be, an inter
meddler in partisan politics, still it may
becomo an educator of tho pooplo and
to some extent the correction of abuses,
by instilling a higher public morality
and a purer system of public ethics.
Tho members can never agree on ques
tions of polities, and it is not best they
should, but they can ngrco upon this:
that no until shall bo worthy of support
If not wortny of nil honor nud respect
as ti iitt:cu and rclghbnr. What i.s
WiUilnl is vn UiHleiliiig principle; tho
rSlato Is belt. r i.i'vea.utcd by tho agri
cultural classes than by any other, and
when farmers as a class demand honest
government and work intelligently to
secure it, we may expect the dawn of
A New Year's Item.
Remember that the Wn.LAarr.nTE
Faumkr is now only $2.50 n year to
those who pay cash in advance. See
first article on first page.
The Centennial Year.
We have entered upon a year that
will be renowned in the history of the
Great Republic. Here, as in much
larger cities, tho midnight bell that
struck the hour when the shadowy
Old Year stepped over the threshold of
Time, and the New Year came forth
from its portals, was the signal for
peals to ring from many bells nnd for
tho thunders of cannon to wake tho si
lent hills and plains. It was an appro
priate welcome to the Ckntenjtiai.
Yi:au; and if it awoke the citizen
from li is slumbers it was to a remem
brance of days and deeds that are
made illustrious by the unselfish hero
ism of the Fathers of the Republic.
It is well for us to remember that tho
War of the Revolution was fought for
posterity. The men who mustered at
Concord, who fought at Bunker Hill or
suffered at Valley Forge; and also they
who perilled life and estate as the law
givers, councillor, and statesman of
the Young Republic, were animated
by the high determination to win free
dom for America and to bequeath lib
erty as a heritage to their chiklien.
They succeeded, and to-day the Repub
lic that stretche" across tho Western
Continent and builds cities and States
upon tne v estern Sea, stands as a
monument to their invincible courago
and determinep love of freedom.
Every hour of the Centennial Year
should bring to our minds the memory
of the events we commemorate, and
make us ambitious to perpetuate the
glory of our ancestry. As they who
inugnt me names oi a century ago,
did so because they would not leave the
conflict to their children, so wo have
many a battle to light and victory to
win, to preserve that freedom in its
purity and bequeath it uiistillcd to the
children of our Century.
The tyranny of 187u is not the despot
ism of l7(i, but it may become more
fearful if not restrained. Tho growth
of mind, of invention, and discovery,
liavo dwarfed the intellects that lived
a century since, nnd with all this that
wo proudly call '"progress" there has
grown up means of wealth and capaci
ty for power and tyranny that r equircs
the watchful intelligence of the labor
This is peculiarly an age when
" knowledge is power;" when educa
tion must be general to preserve tho
equality of men. The future of our
Republic must depend very much up
on tho wisdom of the ruasse?, and their
ability so cope with and restrain the am
bition of those who seek to subvert the
government'to private uso3. " Eternal
vigilance. " is indeed " thc price of
liberty, " and wo hope tho dawn of
tho Second Century upon our nation
will soon bo followed by tho inaugura
tion of a general system of free educa
tion that will'lnsure to us as a people
intelligence that shall mature into wis
dom, and make a foundation for Amer
ican liberty and enterprise to stand up
on, that jan insure to posterity giatul
ei' nationality and perennial prosperity.
We have received from Senator
Kelly two bills Introduced by him in
the Senate of the United States, re
lating to Oregon matters. One is "A
bill for the sale of timber lamb) In Cali
fornia and Oregon, and in the Territo
ries of the United States." Lands in
California, Oregon, and Washington,
not fit for cultivation but valuable for
timber, may be sold in ICO-ucre tracts,
to any one person, company, or corpo
ration, nt two dollars and a half an acre.
In the remaining Territories such sales
aro limited to tracts of forty acres.
The other bill is to grant $300,000 to
aid the construction of canal nnd locks
around the obstructions at the Cascades
of the Columbia river. It particular
izes depth of water nnd size of locks;
and the procuring of the richt of way.
the money appropriated to be expend
ed under the direction of tho Secretary
of War, towards the construction of the
This bill evidently looks o the con
struction and maintenance of the works
by the Government, a plan that strikes
us as not so satisfactory as to appropri
ate a less sum to aid a private corpora
tion to do the work, nt the Fame time
carefully regulating rates of tolls and
guarding the interests of the people
and the Government.
Protestant Episcopal Church.
We have received from Kev. John
Sel wood, secretary of tho Convocation
of this church, held nt Trinity church,
Portland, Oct. 7th, the pamphlet of the
proceedings, from which we gather that
there are twenty-two ehurchesand mis'
slon stations in Oregon and seventeenv
ministers: also seven churches and
mission Stations in Washington Terri
tory, the ministers being included Irr
tho above number. Under the able
and energetic charge of Bishop Morris
the church prospers and the work Is
made efficient to a remarkable degree.
A Great thing for our Commerce The
Darien Canal Project.
New Newspapers. Wo have re
ceived the initial number of tho Cert'
tennial, a new journal that has started
at Oakland, Oregon, a lively town that
will undoubtely do all it can to support
a local paper. Tho Centennial makes a
good appearance, and we wish it
The Utnpqua Call has revived publi
cation, tills time nt Roseburg, under
the editorial charge of Mr. R, New
comb. The Call is independent in
The Amateur Press, Vol. 1st,. No. 1st,
published at Vancouver: W. T., com
mences the year and though not large
in size promises to endeavor to be useful.
A dispatch from Washington, that
we publish below, speaks of a great
enterprise, calculated to revolutionize
much of tho commerce of the world
and to particularly benefit California pansy, myrtle and rose bud, and while
New Yeak's Blossoms. On-. New
Year's morning Mr. W. H. Adair, of
North Salem, brought for our accept
ance a boquet of flowers that were
celebrating the advent of the New
Year by blooming in the open air in his
garden. The bunch included the daisw
and Oregon by enabling us to send our
products to market at greatly rednced
cost and in much shorter time than nt
present. It will also at least one-half
lessen the cost of freighting from tho
Atlantic to the Pacific Coast, and it is
safe to estimate that it will in ten years
time bo worth its entire cost in advan
tages rendered to the Pacific Coast
States and Territories, not counting its
great value to the rest of the world :
the blossoms were not as perfect as we
have seen, still they spoke very plainly
of the mildness of the season.
O W. LAWSON. O. A. COTTINO.
ZiAWGOU & CtTTTICJO,
AUoi'iies'tt at O.aiv, nnd Kcal Es
SALEM, - - - - OREGON.
Of!l-c In the old Coiut-Hoiise. Jan. l,18TC-ff
A Icw Year's Itea.
Remember that tho Wii.lami-.tte
Faumi'u is now only $2.00 a year to
tliO'0 who pay cash in advance. Seo
first article on first page.
Washington, Not. 29 The coiiiiuIxHlon
ore apjioiiiiud dy ilin I'lruUlHtit, lo report k
io tlio rei-rectho inmilHot IUm Mirmiit mules
diirvnj'td lorn blup ciiml to oouiiout iIih At
jHiitloaml I'aelllo oivni'K report tluu in ilieir
opinion, filler h lull uis!.iiioii, ttie Nn-ar-eirn.i
iouU Is tlio bfsl, urn) Hiv citiui i o ihut
tlio prup.iM.'d ship (Mil .il, liOdi I'm tmiu ir of
llinoou llm Hu'itiu, to UrvyU)it on the At
iHiiiir, mii litwonmicioit ! n totkl c-l not
I'MJtMlin,; $Ui,C00,Uli0. 'lle (.'(.muiis'luutrs
mij- tlmi obxtaclto m hiimijios tiiMUriti'iiitn
HtilH tiHtmo were louiuliu nil but tln JNini
nut Mitl Nicaragua ioutc, iinrl luKwIthi-uuiil-uitflis
roster laiiKtIi.381 iml-s, tbpy nnt
Hit prslerencpto the lutlt-r. It Is lU only
loino ulmro tlio cliui.ile i- nor, danaerons io
health. In tlio lower nmlts the tnl.ila
would ciitiNH tlio fleatli ol tu,hrf.attr p.trr ol
tlio workmen, before tbi cr.nal could bn com
puted. It i-, too ihn oulvnmr, vho an
uolulling iiiid propar supply ot wotT could
bo fouud, Lalio Kloaranuii, upon tbia loute,
supplying a consmut and liultoim mreum.
Thu uotiiuiUslon, after tpcjliing in general
tpruirf of tut) nnurmouH savuip; of dWiunce,
1 1 mo, cost, anil rM: which the euccet-Mlui
bulhllni; of the c&uul would accomplish,
show the pntirt fs'islbillty of the Nicaragua
rouie, and add :
"It is uoiv regarded as the highest Impor
tance that tho Unittd Slaten protend at once
to carry out tbu fratiblo plans of the ship
cinal iu order to prevent either France or
England Irom coming iu and reaping the
honor and profit ol' I ho enterprise. Tueie
hubs of this work oaunot be tully apurtoU
ated, but doubtless wiien the cinal is coin
pletrd nearly one hall of the uirryinj; trade
of tho world will be revolutionized, lr
the comparatively small biiin ot blxty odd
millions ot dollars, the fommKslon iiNtanw
that an enormous lfcturn would b.i madu.
One item atone, it iM tliouitht, would make
tho expense of bulMlui; the canal r uood In
Vfstmtut, and thai in tlio t-hijtuent of Cali
fornia products to Hnti)p9 and tho ports
upon tho AiHririo const, but more rt-pei Lilly
to Kuropo. CVlifirni ships large quantities
of wfte.it to tho Uuiopvan markets. Av
pifSdnt all tlili wbe'it ht lo j;o ivound bv
L'rtpi Horn, nu-oiln fie daneie ol the
t'..irmy ijuirters an I encoiiuieriiii; a. louii
dvlav .mil oKpcme tliiu would all bd obvi
nted by th'j eniMl."
To allow any fmoUru power lo build this
c'Rii' while we p-tj loll to them for its w,
Usoniitt hint which lbs commission thinks
tho J -copies ot ihistvnmry will not tolerate.
Hill-Side Flow Oregon Invention.
Mr. F. S. Barzee, of this county,
shows us a drawingofa hill-side double
plow invented by him, on which lie
lias worked for n year and n half, ho
having one in use at his place iu the
hills towards Jefferson. The plan Is,
two plows, ou one land bar, facing both
wjys, nnd made available by an in
genious contrivaueo for reversing, tho
team simply swinging around and tho
beam comes a roil nil in to position to
tiso thu other shire. Tho weight is
not necessarily greater than that of
ordinary plows and any boy can use It
that can tiso other plows. Many who
sco tho plow work aro ordering it for
their own usomulit really seems that
Mr. 15arzeo has made n very useful
A New Year's Itom.
Remember that tlio Wu.LAMi:rri:
Faumi:u Is now only S-'.SO a year to
tho.o who pay cash in advance. See
th-pt tirticlo on firt page.
Cascades Locks and Canal.
Wo shall, in our next issue, publish a
map showing tho location of tlio pro
posed canal and locks nt tho Cascades of
tlio Columbia river. This map w ill also
show tho railroad portage, and the
point on tho river reached by tho " Wil
lametto Chief" a few weeks ago. Those
who wish extra copies will rleaso send
iu their orders early.
milK UNnKHMGNBD U.WK KAISnD THE PAST
JL je.ir, uudlmo fu- snlu
lOOO BusbeLs Dutch. Flax Feed
A.tliey Import's! thi's c1 mrn,nmlliivo cultlr.iltil
cnicl'iilly, tlu-y can wuirnLllho ttmc tu be
Good Clean KpccI oi ZCxccIIcnt
The it'll an'acn of tlil variety ! that, after saMntr
tlnj sc'l, thu straw i itry valiinli'c for mamiftictnr
liiLM'iirj'isi's Address, 1'AllItlWI MII.LKH,
Jm.u.'iry fl. T0 ti Jiffersou, tinfoil.
i. w. wiATBiiurcmo.
We&therford & do..
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
Por "u. :rra. ar zr
PUSS WINSaand LIQUORS,
Fur Jleilsclnal parposce.
Medicines Ocjnpouudsd, and
Weatherford & Co.,
.TinO-y Commercial street. R, l,Tt!IT.
Valuaiii.i: Woitus. .Air. ft. T.
Martin, well hnown in this vicinity as
it canvasser for standard bok, will
spend moit of tho present winter can
vassing in Marion county for tlio snlo
of Mitchell's Atlas, a most excellent
work for overy family to have; for Dr.
Gunn's Now Family Physician, which
is a standard work; Tho Great llepub.
lie, a book describing all tho States and
Territories; for Tlio People's History
of America, a largo and highly popular
work; and for a very hnudsomo family
Bible. Theso works aro all of a kind to
command respect, nnd would prove
valuable adutiloiij to every farmer's
I have for sleBi:eral
or I'otato, which I thiol, hiehly wnrthv or the attnti
Jlnu of every mo WHO ni!nn potatoes atall. My i-tatoe-wiieraWeilon
myb'aver-iluu fimiunr IIUB
HMID, -Mariuu county, and my experience, as well a
that nf many ethers, Is that u..tatoi llvm the l)-er-dam
plsnte I on uur common upland will produce from
ouu-thlrd to one-liiilf moro ttiau will potato from tlio
iiplmd. The potatoes that I wish to lntrn'uee am
twoiiuw varlttlc Jnt iutrodrctd In tlio East, and
cot tan one dollar i er prtinil two years ai-o. 1 now
oiler them ol j-J.AO per buslu-l in r-alera.
Fxtrii Mar J y Vermont-Id arporanet tons
m'.iii like the i-iuiyltuic, but co.istd..v il uiicli stipe,
rlnr to It, and about two tens earlier, aril a leudld
Ilrowiiell's Heanty Mine roi-sUnncd po
tat' thn handsomest pot .t i prowii a siileLdld crop-icr-aiidir
third ou-r wu5 p. tarn that rivaled tho
Illiulck for all purposes, lr is thl one. 1 Imvo all
Miid for .aid tu it ttieiiu-iuel worthv if ra tWatlou.
a noif which Is the KMtl.Y ItOSK KIXO O.' 'run
UAIIIJFS. tiAUMJTr 1'IIII.B. nml th- imilCK.
rJp-clmeu. to he tmu at I'jrrir rtw ' ind ntM.rtlu &
AlUii , ealcm. j. k. DI3IXCK,
"" lltibbarJ, ilarlou Co , Oregon.
T ?VR jnn SALE AT rOKTLAHD, iOOO
i trees of the -.
Polite Trimo d'Agen,
whUhfuc-cHsaora'.raMytii ('.Vlfmili. and mile- a
most scpcrir aril -le f url.nl fr .It. -i ba.ctr.e. utrro
,?m ftl".fj"'U cspre..iy lor loj o, and I Intend
Pn? 1?, nVUf """,u a.""re of '1"':n " "? I'111'1- nr
lorlii,rltais yei.r. Hw I h'.vo it nu-nh.r iilrwidy
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