Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887, September 11, 1874, Image 1

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    ) 3NJUH
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' . ) ' ..
' ' ' III -
$300 per Year, in Advance.
(For the Willamette Fanner.
The Usury Lzv question.
Homk Hill, Sept. 1st, 1874.
Mb. Kbitor: It appears that a majority of
the newspapers of tbe State favor tho repeal
of the Usury Jaw by tho Legislature, wliloh
will convene this month; and, as Rtllnchor
to their argument, which are neither forci
ble nor tree, thoy claim that the people de
tnand It. Having had somo facilities for as
certaining the wantaof tbo people with res
pect to leglslatlonIvas nota little surprised
to read that tbo pooplo bad expressed a desire
for tho repeal of a law which wat'-aot once
moutionod by any Convention of envy party
during the reform canvass of lat wiatcr and
spring. iBankors, brokers, nioner-leudera
may desire tho repeal, but the farmers, me
cbanlcs and wagoraetvwho constitute threes
fourths or seven-eighths of the popn'-atlon ol
this State tloiiot, and-tho Xogialatnrt will act
without authority In repajullnglbelarv which
has given general vittefpctlon foreo many
years. TbidJiillctin Uvvralho ropea'rbocauso
"the law is a dead IeUeron the Statute book'."
This, also,"is an assumption whloh. has no
solid foundation. A law whloh lstielthor,
obeyed nor enforced u c, generally disre
garded la undoubtedly a dead letter; but
It Uobeyediby ...great
abiding people, and only falls in Jts penalties
because some men are. cunning- enesgh tq
avoid them, is no morea.dead letter Oban all
other laws. .People, generally, obey tho law
gainst gambling, although It is wsa3t arid;
entirely lnefflalent In It penalties to prevent
.gambling. Would the Mullet in c! almdheact
a ajdead letter, and therefore fa vocelie' re
peal of all law -upon the -subject? The 'truth
'is that onr Uttury late la the basis of snarly1
tall the business transactions throu boat tba
country and the entailer towns, and' is onore
.generally obeyed than many otl tor law
which are admitted to be .practical) yoatera-rtlve-and
During the past rear onr Slate baa i received;
large per cent, of population from tb e State
east-of the Rocky mountains; porto tuwho
have oome among us to stay; eiost o f tkem
farmers, who have purchased land, ) taring
part dawn and securing the balance by nwt
gage and notos at twelve per cent, p u au
nam, .In every Instanoe not to eceeed tl in le
sal rateof Interest. Maayofonryoungi nei,
children of the old settlers, have bought 1 'aid
ia the woo way, and expect to pay f. ir it
with the protlta of tho farm. But the el foet
of the repeal of the Usury law will be to re
peal the greater part of theao hopeful, en tf
getlo farmers, and sent them homeless out of
the State.
It la idle la say that' those mortgage note f
will remain at twelve per cent. Thoso who
want the repeal know better. Of courM there I
U a term of years, instalments and all men- 1
tloned in every such transaction; but the at
most universal history Is that purchasers do
not come to time and are obliged to run double
the time before completing the purchase.
Creditors are not alow Io take advantage of
such failures, to raise the rate per cent. In
consideration of more time; and even were
they liberally disposed, the prevalence of a
high rate of interest will force tbem Into It.
The time of many mortgages bat already ex
pired, but the mortgagees are satlaued with
the annual payment of twelve per cent., to
leave the landholders in undisturbed posses
sion, laboring for ultimate success.
Upon the repeal of the Usury law, the
bauka will raise the rate to two per oent. per
month, aa it is In California; the wholesale
merchants of Portland will have their bills
printed In the same figure; the country mer
chant will advance his profits to s'ult, and the
tendency will be to force creditors ol all de
scriptions Into the same channel. Mow, un
der each circumstances, who will aay that
persons owing for land will be effected ruin
ously, aad that they will not be crushed out
of existence. I challenge any persona to find
an instance where the contracting parties in
the sale of land have not been governed by
the law, that ia when they have contracted
tor a higher rate of Interest than twelve per
ecu.; and for every one such, I will find two
where the purchaser has been obliged to re
linquish the lead on account of Inability to
keep op the expense of the farm and family
and pay the legal twetvejpereenS,, upon the
unpaid balance. .Iknow of one farm that baa
twice reverted, each time the purchaser los
ing the Bret Instalment of the purchase mon
ey; andeveral other lnataaese of reversion
where the interest alone wae lost to fee. pur
chaser. At present 1 can call to mlad sever
al small farms, about tea wiles distent from
Salem, purchased by late Immigrants from
Jowa, who could pay only $1,000 down and
who will alsaoH cnalnly " tkt W"
asd all the interest fat the next eve yearn,
y the revamp to the preeeeding Mr.
3klak of It Sera la a btlaacaef ,
5s vl ifie-v'V! .. . yji A - - -- .JrK- -s"V-H" h
drawing intercit at twolve percent., amount
ing annually to I3G0; about one dollar a day,
Including Sunday. Add to this tho coat of
living and the exnonses of the farm, and then
nay what the prospect Is for the hardworking
former becoming the owner nf a farm. Cer
tainly it would require mora ability, energy,
Industry and oconcmy than'belnngs general
ly to mankind, in order to snecood In sirch n
case. Bccstso one man, by-a concurreneoof
uuusuallyttortunate clrcumstancos, such as
proximity to market, high prlco for grain,
tlno and cheap preparation of soil, cheap and
abundant harvest, baa been ablo by one crop
to clear his lnudof Incumbrance, it does not
change the common fact that farming does
uot pay more than twelve por cent, per an
num on tho whole amount Invested. After,
an elaborate and careful examination of tho
profit of farming In NovYorkStato, by llor
aeo Greeley and others, nat boforo tho war,
the conolnaloti arrived at was that while some
fortunately located farms contiglous to tho
groat cities were yleldlng-a line profit, as a
general rulo farmi did nofyleld six per cent,
on their ccih value. Near to this, It a tine
half aecllou of land salablo at 12,000, that has
not paid, by the stock and-graln method, ton
poroonUon tho value. Thore Is a farm In
" ZZ!Z!"
bany, .worth $20,000, that baa not, at any time,
paid ten per cent, on the money. I 'know of
scores of terms on the Atbany prairie that do
not pay twelve per cent, on their value. A
tract of 300 acres, every rod tillable, five miles
from Albany, waa lately sold for7,6J,whlch
did not rest for 500 per annum, thus show
ing that the owner made 400 a yearby sell
ing and -leaning the money at twelve per
cent I presume It could be likewise shown
that the aaaae la true of the trades and that no
frailroad,) telegraph, printing press or menu-
fjotery In the Htate la paying more than
twelve per -cent, per annum on the whole
amount Of money invested. I believe, too,
ttiat a vast amount of the business men of the
Slate would'deolde that no legitimate busi
ness can enn lve and pay more than twelvo
pur cent, forthe money. If that bethecaso,
why Insist on removing the present legal re
(The Hullrtir. says "to make money plenty."
'But what difference wholhermoney is plenty
or scarce if pooplo dare not borrow? The
uncwor Is, "that people will borrow:" And
the-consequence will come that they will also
broak, and thus tho condition of the country
c in'be plainly .read: Labor and industry will
go to tho wall,end everything will bo at tho
mercy of the capitalist, as it Is In California.
Tlioro the faruKr has his bankacoouiitat two
per omit, a mouth, and as every thing de
pends upon a spoedy liquidation, bin crop is
wlrtllrillv At tllA rilntviiul tt th nwn1atnr
, CMC o fUnK or ntro Wu
h(jh n a ,ja 10 vroewil, of
yrs''kanl labor Is swept away by tbe mer
eAesa two per cent., and tbe farmer Is obliged
I o .commence the world snow, or sometimes
aa-se, ifsces a mortgage upon the future at
t wmt dreadful two per cent, a month.
Ttio.plea that money Is like any otlior spe
ck s -at property and should be allowed to
ae. x dta own market, and also the Interroga
tive 'argument of Mhow would the farmer like
to b e the "Legislature fix tbe price upon his
pro KMi w wo irtwHminan upon nis waresT '
seem 'Mime to be very wide of tbe true state
ment srftbeae.
In M Unit place, tbe Government has en
acted how aauch gold or silver shall consti
tute a taller, and stamped It as the standard
ofvalu es, without regard to tbe quantity In
clrciilai fc" Ids not, however, the question,
wbetbe. 'that asuountofgoldorsllver la worth
more or less than a dollar, any more than It
Is wbeth tr slaty pounds should be more or
Io than a bushel of wheal, but what per
cent, shal t he charged for the use of property,
rated by t Vt standard of values. And as tbe
standard o rvalues U tbend of tbo law and
can be den waded and enforced for Indebted
ness, bowe ' arising, the Government has
Inflicted a l eaktveinury upon the people In
making a 1; P' tender unless it also provides
a remedy for theseorciry of the legal tender,
coming from fluctuations In production, trade
and cominerc . orarialng froan tbe operations
of bankers, bi ikera aad the Shylocks who
can board, ou ""' nd otherwise Interfere
with l ib circuit tlon. This r eased v is accom
plished, to a gn t extent, by aaing the rale
per cent, for the lime Intervening before ful
fillment. Tbe h VJ ff per oeej. ia not only
upon money loai. d but upon ell kinds of In
debtedness, reatrii ting not alone tbe capital
ist who loans his money, but npea the farm
er or mechanic who .sells hta products, or the
wageman bis labor, and Is In the tatereat of
society and good government, preventing ex
tortions, frauds, pauperism, and LWafore,
crime. '
The effect of the repeal of the law will be to
raise the rate per cent, on money aad all in
debtedness; and more, to advance the prior)
of everything sold upon the usual predlt
Prv goods, grooerleeand firming Implement
will advance In price Io cover the oVffereeo
between the present rate per cent, t,nd that
which will follow abort otse Mr cent, aei
ESHMith-aBd ibeea-riouUunUceeaaiMKr wfli
eaflhr to that extent. The saaaa wTJT take
place with all other Industry, for all taxet of
that kind oome olf the producer. When tho
Govern mini t requires the alllxlng of stamps
ou lticifor matches, fish or fruit van), or a II
conte for the manufacture, of ardent spirits,
the ciikt In each case Is carried over to tho
consumer, bo It will tie when the merchant
Is required to pay two percent. ht month on
bis bank account, tho amount It cbarwd, to
each debtor and dually paid by the con
sumer. I f tho Le irbtlaturn la to ImlUrreet si to repeal
the law, there mil bn mi additional Induce
ment Torino Industrial olaavi io purrhtt'o
directly from the uianufaetnrlea and estab
lish Union Ntorei for self protection.
T. W. DAVKMroitT.
(Tor ttia WllUmrlle Farmer.)
PralrlcM ol tbe llluiiiettc.
Tho pralrlos and bottom lamia, and espe
cially thono lands whloh wero naturally
moist, or could bo easily Irrigated, were tbn
first occupied by the hardy plonecra; becaueo
It waa thought, during our ilry hiiuimors,
only such 'lands would bo productive. Kx
perlenco has, however, provon that thli early
Idea of tho .first settlers wss not wholly true;
for any lands ausoeptlble of thorough culti
vation can 'bo, and for years has boon, made
highly productive, not only of coroals, but
also of vegetables.
The prairies of the Willamette are wonder
fully fertile; deep, mellow and lasting.
When, in geological ages long gone by, this
volloy was -under water, tbe tiotr prairies
were iften the tleep hoiet of the bsy, for it was
aueb, and, as a consequence, tho(c&t-M from
the various stvers, oreeks, ete., rushed down
from tbe Cascades, Coast Chain and Calapoola
mountains into this bay and necessarily Bot
tled in th lowest places llenoe, logs, leaves,
sand, gravel and vast quantities of organic
substances .formed these immense deposits.
Deposits which, lu after ages, were to become
tbe home of men, animals and forests t
buty scene of hfe! For ages, Impossible to
number, the winds sported with the wild
waves of this ancient bay; clouds and storms
wsged war; glaciers poured down from the
Cascades ; avalanches swept down and
abraded the mountain sides, depositing what
was then but civile materials for future chem
ical action to convert into eitcmlal tracts of
rich, level lands. Uere, on this then lonely
aud far-off Held of walor, thousands on thou
sands or swans, ducks, brunts, pollcuns,
cranes, etc., etc, frolicked upon Its bosom or
reveled upon It shores. Tlito primitive
ages have left their xmjtrcss on the iom Tual
atin Plains, Yamhill alleys, 1'olk, Denton,
I-ane, Lliiu and Marlon county jiraiucs. Wo
mart el at tboorcnAl adaptation and pow
er otlioojetslstent mice, used as means to
ends. Their convulsions, their war, tho heat
the "central jiowor" which lifted tho moun
tains, shook tbo ortrtb, and inado tbe ocean
boll I How vait I Tho liumeaatirable ages
which nave elapsed since old Hood, Jellor
son, St. Helens, tbo Throe HlMors, ct ul. were
"boloN in the ground." How long did their
deep-mouthed bellowlngs roar? How long
did molten laud, amoke aud flame pour from
tliete "trni holet," through whloh rich mate
rials aud surplus power found exit? No an
swer can be made to these deep questions.
the theory of our greatest geologlste. as
Uutlon, Lyell, Hitchcock, .Smith, Miirch).
son, Macculloch, 1) la iteche, Webster, lluvk
land. Mantel), Itogern, Phillips, Dana, and a
hokt of writers of the new school, who havo
not altered, but simply modified those fun
danitnlal principles advocated by Hutton,
I-J ell, rJaralra,etc.,seemstobelhla: Along
tbe oteau-llne or continents chains of moun
tains are formed. Ihe agencies are these:
First, tbe weight or pressure ul the ocean.
Secondly, tbe Internal beat combined with
external or oceanic pressure. Thirdly, chom-
"- -'. .-., w. '.v-w.uiU. .IUITi
the Immense weight or ;'rrre of the ocean
as tbe Pacldo along tbo water line or this
coast, produces beat In tbe molten land be
low. This being extra heat, causes, through
both chemical and mechanical action, expansion-
through this expenslon the earth. alouK
the water-line, Is gradually eometimos sud
denlyupheaved, This upheaval forms a
chain of mountains parallel with the ocean.
This pressure continues sogreal, that not on
ly ia a chain of mountains formed, but tbe
Internal forces burst up through the earth's
cruet, forming "vent holes" these become
volcanoes. The volcanoes lessen the press
are, and hence tbe chain of mountains cease
Io become elevated. The Internal aad exter
nal forces are In equilibrium. Iurln this
volcanic era, the oceanic pressure lessens
Immediately uaJer the chain, and ha dmi.
ure Imodium ouuventreitd, according to Its
Uetb, oat at m. aoiuatlsoae seventy-Ave,
aaq some nnjue one nnaorea ana any or
aaor allee ob
, aad parallel wttb, the
fertsvar chain or mountain. Hence, chela I
of mountains aro formed In succession; but
not always so.
Now let It bo clearly, distinctly under
stood, that at the forces coixho lu ouo portloiti
they bocfliiio active In another. Ages ago,
tho Casvadra losanued in their activity; as a
consequence, then, the pressure being from
tho Meet, In tho ocean, wherever thoso con
cnutratvd a second tlmo, a now chain must
arlso. Honco, tho origin ot tho ikhc Coast
Chain. Of uourt.0, Imtwoen llio Cascades and
Coast Chain thero must bu n biisln or valley.
This waa covered by tbn water aud waa a bay,
surrounded by the Cascades cast, tho Cala
poola south, and west by tho Coast Chain, On
the north It was open to tho ocean; fur wboro
the Columbia now flows onco rolled tho Pa
cific). It was tho (iffi'df proHMirooftlio water
whlchproducod thoCulapoolamnuntalntaml
those across or north of ihnColnmbl.i, nndat
tho now falls or tho Willamette. Wbun,
from gradual pressure, tho Coast Chain was
olevated to Its present holght, tho prosauro
ceased westward and concentrated under the
waters of the tiotc Wlll.imotte ami itpluMivcil
tho lied Hills of our valley. This upheaval
caused tho waters to How over and break
through below, at tho Willamette Falls.
The gradual elevation of this valley wat a
taeaiu ot diainino off its tcater and thus tbe
"dry land appeared." For agea this process
waa going on: First, tho elevation of the Cas
cades and their voloanlo era; second, tho ele
vation of the Coast Chain Ita gradual eleva
tion and leas voloanlo era; third, the lateral
pressure reuniting In tho elevation of tho
Calapoola and northern chain at Oregen City;
fourth, the later and hut volcanic action nf
tbe Cascades and u;Arii'ri( of our Red Hills,
In the valley; and, finally, the filling up and
drying off ot our now beautiful Willamette.
We have thus seen that means haveibeen
medio produce riu.i. The end and ultima
tum of the means used Is a home for man In
the Willamette.
The prairies of tho Willamette aro various,
rolling, Hat, with low swales, and without;
many aro of a dark, rich mold, othors aro
whitish, or aluminous; omoslllclous,as lin
ker's prairie, north of tho Molalla. Tho pral
rlos or Plaint of Clatsop, also, am slllcioiis.
All others, so tar as my knowledge extends,
are mostly diluvium at folluwa :
French l'nilrle. Howell, Ualrm, Mill Creek,
Sautlaiii, Chuholpiim (Chuholpiiin nieaim
pleasant), Albany (tho Inrguaidu ilio Wlllniu
iittiO, I.h Croolo Olio Creole), now called Kick
real, l.a Camas (an esculent root), now writ
ten I.Ui'klaiuiltii, Noap Creek (mi called be
cause tho clay aluminous it miflund miry
along ita margins. Tho prnlrlex arn exten
sive on the Willamette Imlow and above Cor
vallit ;(hoart or tlio valley), on Oak Creek,
above tvUry'a river, ou Inug Tom (so (ullml
fioin a mountain man of that liamo who, In
cnwslng with his companions, rodo a low
animal, and hit long legs reached down Into
the w ater, so that hu " sdod and rodo" acros
tho rlvor, making the crowd qulto merry
this was over thlrlv-alx yean nun )
Tho pralriut or Long Tom, in winter, aro
"low and miry," with swales, or clay lauds,
almost destitute of allies, lime, Hitasa and
soda. Nearly all the white, low strips through
tbe prairies of the Willamette, sru like Ihn
tang Tom4lat orswaleN. Ditching, culture
and manure will reclaim them.
There are some of lliu prairies slightly
gravelly, at the Hautlsm, and the pralrlii
south or, and along the Willamette river be
low, snd srnund,KugoneClty, eto.,itu. Kx
cept tba small portion of gravel and tho clay
swales, the prairies of tho Willamette are tho
finest agiicullural land known. The prairies
are diluvium; and worn made, lu a large
measure, during the glaoeous, or ulaceu
aqueous iwrlod, sometimes called the drift
period. This It demonstrated by tbe iloeii
gravelly beds below the surface, by logs and
other debris, often found n digging wells,
ditclit-t,eto. by erratic MockMof Kranltw.ainl
baaalilu holders, gneiss, clay slate, mica slate,
greenstone and felspar. Ttio lust are of ill it
origin, and decomposing, bave formed our
prairie soils.
In William J. Horren's field aroerratln nr
granite blocks; T. I.. Davidson's farm, near
naiom, aim on rauruua Mmltirs, lliere are
many urjntsiis oi tue gioceo-aqueous era.
Wherever iiraiilte moulilert awav. there fa a
strong wheatsull. Tho ellowUb-while soils
on iuo norinern skips or our hills are all ill
luviiiin ; and were, lu a largo measure,
brought down from the great granite otoun
tains, north, during the drift era, ou mosses
or Ice, which, soourlnglhe mountainsides,
rocks, and other dobrls, fell on the Ice, floated
south, till the warmth melted it; and when
wilted, or broken on by storms, (sidles,
strong currents, etc., these wero deposited on
our mm prairies, but then submerged valley.
Jiow wonderful the means used to sixxim
pllsh ends! Matter, motion; causes, etrect ".
means, and ends. How vast Intricate)
Howell Prairie was once like DabUh is
now a bog. Hence it richness. The sur
face Is now not a It wu when the "water
dried off," smooth, luriy, and muddy-but
undulating, picturesque, and dry. It was
through corrugation and slight pressure from
Iwlow, that ha glvea this prairie ita beauti
ful wave-like appearance.
I am proud of thn prairies of lha Wlllsm.
le; proud nf lu hills; It oopea of oak ; lis
groves of nr, pine, haiulook, aad spruce; Ita
uaequaled climate; lu eternal aaow-clad
main cnains; it vast resources: and lu
Jnsi I
IIHaaUable graaoear.
Voluino Vl.-Xumbcr 30.
Kvnllnn .Smith appellants, vs. David H.
Smitiii resHiudent; argument concliidodnud
cause siilnullted.
Ihe (litttl Hill Quart Mining Co., appell
nut, vs. .facob li.li, nss)udent; ordered by
tlm Court that a decree bo entered In this
cause i ii lie; ro fiittf.
Ii. Kleisliuer, Treasurer, vs. S. F. Chad
wick. Secretary of Statu,
I.. FlolaiMier, Treasurer of tho State ofOro
gnu, vs. Stephen F. Chadwlek, at Secretary
ofthoStntn of Oregon ;argued and submitted.
T. II. Glaro vh. Siikiiii Whtley, exts-ntrlx
of tint last will aud testament of A. H. Willi
lev. iteccHted; urueii ami suluulttod.
D.ivld II. l.invls and Mury Uuvlt, plalntlllt
mid appellautt, vs, Delia II. Iiwitand F. (i.
Lewis, ilerciulnnts mid rospouduiits; cause
armied and Niibmltted,
Stato of Oregon reHoudnnt vs. Thnmat
(errand appellant; Judgment below reversed
aud a new trial onlpred. Opinion bv D. 1..
T. II. (1 Urn respondent vh. Susan Whllhiy
appellant; Judgment Itduw reversed aud
cause remanded tor a new trial. Opinion by
P. P. Prim.
Ii. Flelschner. Treasurer of tho State, a
)'lnt vs. Stephen F. Chailwiok, Secretary
of State, ressnident Jui1guieit In tho Court
below stllruied. Opinion by John llurnett.
Kiallna Smith npiwllant m. David II.
Smith respondent; Judgment below reversed
ami divorce granted.
I. Delstdiuolder ri, at, appellentt vs. I).
Farg Aly '. ul. respondents. Com argued
and submitted.
James II. llalley rcsHiiidnt vs. Jamee
Chambers appellant. Motion heretofore
filed for a rehearing. Allowed and eauso
continued Until I he next lorni of this Court.
M. Hsgsy rT. at, resoudeiit vs. Titus
Smith rppotlant. Mo' Inn hnretoforo filed by
appellants, counsel fur a rhearlng In thla
case. Allowed and cause uontlnuod until
the next term of thlt Court.
Tho city of Portland appellant vs. O. N.
Denny liespondent. Argued and submitted.
W. Hi Musgrove plalntlfTand appellant
vs. It. M. Hon so r et, nf. defendant and res
pondent. Cause endinu on adjournment.
l.ot'ls Allen vs. J. Ii. Adams; demurrer to
complaint argued, ieriuled and defendant
given until to-morrow.
Stale ol Oregon vs. II. A. Wllrd; assail
with a dangerous wespon, ilerendsnt walvn
oxamlualloii ami waa admitted to ball hi tba
sum of fWO, to await tbe action of the grand1
In tho matter of guardianship nfthe heirs
of Wm. I. Maschur; ou application f.irNtlu
real osiatn, cause continued.
In the matter nf Ihe guardianship rf tbn
minor heirs of llaivey (loidnu, deceased; P.
I. Willis, guardian, remleied tual iiciotiut
of his prnceedlit. Ai'isuinl approved aud
guardian relcnulfroui farther trust.
In tho matter nt guardianship of William
i.crwltt, dt'erasod; order giautud forhuloof
leal 1'Ntate.
In tbn matter or 'he estate of John (J I.lm h
a minor! application lor sale of real estato
In tho action of M, I). S'wlggetl. deceased;
on applicailou lomll real is'ale. Hearing net
nir iiiiiiiunjr, ii'(iiurr eui, film "-n !
and that uollee boglven tiy imlil.'"llon.
In the lustier of tlm gilardiaiiahlr Of Allen
ami J. i:. Malouo. W. It. Magers, guHrulati,
llual setlleiuunt of tho sciNiunlHaluwiil,
Lewis Allen vs. J. I,. Adams, action at law,
CaiiMi hi aril and Judgi uivnt fur pliiliitltr.
This suit wat brought iiy surlly on prom
Issary nolo iigalnsl tho maker, The Court
held that at tho Judgement wat lest than
g,0 dollars, tho J'lslutlll was not eulltled to.
recover costs and disbursMiieiita.
Tho will of Lauder S. Davis, deceased,
was admitted to probate.
I.cllcr Iroui I'ulk Couiilr.
Mil. KtifToti: Thinking you may like to
know how filings are over lu i'olk, I venturo
to Itll you that farmers are getting along
nicely, taking carecf (heir crops, with per
haps feu dajs work for their headers to do
yoi and then thehantst of seventy-four will
be fllnislicd In our vicinity and ready for
market. It Is a at range fact to record that
snow fell on the night or August aoth, In lha
hills at Mr. Hublet nlaoo. five inlhis from
Salem, of sullleieiit depth for a rabbit tob
ussiiy raoaeti, utii me morning suustiluc
caiiiijoutln lullstrengtldisiielledlheclouda-
auu a new auu ueaiiumi osy snone out over
the hills audube heads of the harvesters so
that by ten o'clock all hands were heading
at a busy rate. Harvest U not slone work for
tho nieu, but brings equal amount of labor
for tho wotuuu aa though tbey too were In
In tho Holds, for ihey have the harvest hand
to provide for. Ho we will ask the due credit
for them which they richly deserve, hut do
not always get from the fact alone Ihey are
and ever must remain Woman.
I.oc.w. Oition. We are Informed thai a
bill has been prepared and will be '.iTawtsrl
to the Legislature, asking that oody to gtvv
tbe citizens of each locality 'he nrlvlUffa or
voting whether license .1 . bVaTauleU or
not, at the m.orty or l rieiUaifts 'ot Vuch
A0t'r,,'X.m'y U,"ir,,r.'t. W are ,ii told
that tli liquor aell r VottiMi and other
T", KS cliu,,b '"h nKHhmt their money, to
defeat the l''a" f7uy.such law, by esy.
tetnofthnrjugmoijt,,,, Whloh will win
l'n Coot cotiMrvt JuiigM Jolii Burnett
left .lost evening for hat ftowe la CorveUkv
where ke goes to get ready to leave for Cooa
county io astend llreult Courf, whleh con
veae next Monday ihe lth AU