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About Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887 | View Entire Issue (April 11, 1874)
. J . "V7
The Brave Daughter's Defence.
1IY 1'. II. CALLAWAY.
It was a snd day for tho NeckerH. Wil
liam Necker. tho good, honest man, who
had risen up at his country's need, nud by
i !.. ..! i i -w it
IHS winu uuuunui rmuii L-ruuuu jruui mum-
, . , . ,,, . , , ..
cinl ruin, was today humiliated by tho
bitter reproaches of his sovereign oud tho
His nolablo corn-laws, which only n1'rnnco. .. . ,
, , , ' i 1 , Louiso throw open hor casomont and
grenl llnancicr could hitto concoivod nnd oatm out t brcotlio tho fresh morning
oxoculoil, had lifted. from tho Nation an air, fragrant from kissing "rnin-nwnkcned
onoriuous debt, and roplonishod hor troas- llowers." Littlo childron wero singing ns
ury. I.ouis XVI roiled on Nockor to sup- ll,ov Klcnncd : in tho fields; distniit bolls
' .. , .. . wero chiminu for matins: and a lark, noar-
pori ins loitering iiirono. nnu mo peoi io
Iookcii up xo nun iw mo oniy man who
could wivo Franco from bankruptcy,
Mnmn of his recent act, however, had ox-
cited clamor utnong tho royalists, who
wero nt lirart Ills enemies, and witli irnsc sun-ngni.
ingrutitudo they now ovorwliolmed him Hoeing hor father in tho garden, sho ran
with unjust consuro. down to him to say good morning, and
Louiso (lermaino Neckor, who sat in 'join him in his walk. Ho smiled as ho
hor littlo boudoir abovo her futlmr'H li-' took hor hand, nnd asked hor if sho could
brury, listened with aching heart to his i sing a song which would match that of
slow, henvy htcp, as ho paced his room Uio lark, for tho lark was still soaring and
wearily to and fro like ono who bends un-. caroling in tho bluo heavens,
dor a great burdoii. Although only n girl ' Iiouiso looked up nnd listened rnptur
of llflcon, sho understood well tho anguish ously for a fow moments to tho blitho nut
of his soul. Hnr liivu for hor father was I Mo falling upon her with tho sunshino;
ono of tho pasdlons of hor life, and nil of ' I lion, as if hor heart echoed thoccstnoy of
his Horrows were her sorrow, tho heavenly minstrel, sho caroled out
It was a stormy day: I ho rain imltorod this joyous littlo song:
in a sorrowim mouoioiio nguiusi titii i
quaint, old mullioned windows; tho
winds wailed mournfully around tho tur-!
rots nud gables of tho old chateau, and (
now tossed tho branches of neighboring i
trees wildly against tho oasementH, which I
rattled nud shuddereil ns with pain. '
Iiouiso stood in mi oriel window and
gazed out fearlessly nt tho darkening sky
and raving storm. Itsuitedhorfoarlessna
turn, and sho loved to watch it in its wild
est moods. Her imagination was so vivid
that sho would seo in tho Hying clouds
tlm ,ff of tho storm, whoso eyes Hashed
lightening, nud whoso chariot wIiccIh
rolled lilui thunder over tho ky.
often fancied that sho heard tho
vou gargolus under the eaves shriek when
tho storm was nt tho highest, and that tho
stony lioiiH below ciouched low as tho
foaming rain dashed over their shaggy
At such times as these, beautiful
thoughts would thrill her soul likostrains
of miisiit, and sho could dash olT whole
pages of rhymes which, in a fow moments,
sho would givo to tho llames. Her fath
er's guests, who wero attracted to the
bright young girl by her charming ways
and sparkling willies of wit, wondered
linn i) at her brilliant talents as nil inipro
n.iiori At a moment's warning, nlio l
would improvise the most charming little '
'lilllitiil. nut-lilt, un nil tiitiint I
soiigH, accompanying them with music of
such beauty nud tenderness that her list
oners wero always enraptured.
Hut I hero was no poetry in her soul
now. Her father's sorrow seemed to
crush nil joy out of her young life. Xow
nud then, as tho storm lulled, sho could
hear her mother trying in vain to comfort
Hho throw herself on a low couch i
sobbed iinHHionutnlv. Oh I if her i
father onlv had some true, uoblo friend,
i... ii,......l.i i.. ..1.....1 .... i. ...... i ..i i. .11
null iiiwiiK.it, !. pit, nil . iii.il. "i, mill it'll
the people what ho had done for them.
uii.ti.. ......-.. I... I, ...i I.....M 1.. I.V.,,..... :.. I
her hour of need I Hut who was brnvo !
enough to face tho strong tide of tho roy
nlist'H reproaches? None I no, not one
could sho think of in her sorrow.
Hho remembered tho cruel words of
malice which her father had read to them
from the morning journals, and theyseem
eil toburu thctiiKchcs into her brain. She
leaned her head on her hands and tried to
think of something sho could do to help '
her lather. If sho wero a king, she would
Iiiiwi his enemies banished to the farthest
comers of the earth, If sho wore a gen
eral nt the head of an army, she would do
n troy them. If sho were only a soldier,
she would mako them answer for those
bitter, unjust words at tho point of a
bayonet. Hut sho was neither a king,
a general, or n soldier sho was only a
littlo girl there was only one weapon at
her command. Would it avail ?
iter wuoie laco was iiiumiueii wnn a
gloiious thought. Springing to her feet.
sho ran to lock her doors, then wheeled a
little writing desk into her favorite oriel
w billow. For a few moments she sat lean
ing her face upon her bauds. Tho wind
rattled her casement, tho mill hurried
past; tho Hying cloud genii peered euii
oindy in, but none could divine her
thoiiKhts. She might hao been imkiui;
help fium lliiu who is a stronghold in the
day of trouble. Her arm was weak, but
ll . . . 1 .. -fit.. MM .1 i
'. " . . .... i
wv uMiiuinii l.;,K!llK V1",
,'!.?"';, 'i'1" w"""'! "bnriM the name fate,
1 ho third pugo she commenced carefully,
.iiiu.iK in n .urn. iuiHc.ii.im. ..ii.ui. .
sho wro eon, her father h wrongs rose un
j h idly t.efo,a her; her indignation w..xed
hotter ami hotter; bitter sarcasms Hashed
along her lines, lho wild music of tho
storm, too, pouriiiK in tinoii her soul, was
iiicmiiiii mi nti'ry pugo uini it'll uer
Shu was not it beautiful girl; her feu- Arri.tw. -It is stated that by n careful
litres were irregular; her complexion that analysis it has Wen found that apple cou
nt tho French brunette. Hut an artist tain a larger amount of phosphorous, or
might have chosen to paint herns she sat braiu food, than any other fruit or ege
thero in the gray light streaming through table, and ou this account they nro verv
the ancient window, hor raven curls 'ast- important to sedentary men, who work
ciiihI carelessly back with knots of scarlet their brain rather than their muscles,
ribbon, her cheeks glowing with excite- Thev also contain tho acids which are
lueiit, her lurgo dark eves sparkliiiL- with needed every day, especially for scdanta-
mi-tiro. There whs it radiance nt more ry
than bounty iu hor young face.
ll was tier
her work un
It was deep twilight lxfor sho finished
r worn utid unlocked her doors. Ulnu-.
ing for u servant, she bade him mail a let- c
I 1im tl1. tl ...1 IT)..t l.l ;.ff- it
iui nihil tin DJJUI'U. nut) juuucr'Mfseflc;,
Raid Picrro, hesitating, "tho night is
dark and stormy. Must it go '"
"It mutlt" nnd LouiBO Germaino Ncckor
Htarn)cd her littlo foot passionately
"Pierre, the houso of tho Nockcr family
depends upon it."
"Pardon rr.o, Mademoiselle, it shall go"
"You havo been a soldlor, Pierre, nnd
I know you nio bravo, so I trust you.
lint listen no ono in Paris must know
that you como at a Nockcr's bidding. And
hush! no ono, not oven in our own chat
eau, must suspoct your errand."
"You may trust mo to keen a secret."
said Piorro, bowing gratefully as Louiso
placed n purso in his hands.
linger warningly on her lips, sho then
T. M1 it.. i i -
It seems to Lonifo as if morning nover
wo(l com()) i,t it dawned, at last, clear
j and radiant. A bluer sky nover bont ovor
"'o lurplo hills and blooming vales of
,K from ,,, lowy ncHt iltilci her
ucnrt with Ills joyful cnrolings. Hho fan
clod that ovon tho grim monsters under
tho eaves nnd ovor tho windows of tho old
chateau, wore grinning and leoring in tho
'I Iiava mi w ItiUN to fly. Iitnlln.
Tdwur llk lino on lilffti
H fur mill fn.
lint my whir litl rlne, birdie,
AIkitk IIiii hiiiiijt M?:
Trl-ltl trl-lt-l irl-ld
"Wo lmtli will IiikiiI lov', lilnll,
I on mrlli.tiiil IIioii Inw,
Tho intii In nil will Ik r, t.lr.lle.
Our wmuuNt J.i.iiK, ,ir.
Trl-UI tri-Iot til-lrl"
"Tho lark could not do bettor than that,
daughter," said tho father, kissing her
tho mall now arrived, ami Iiouiso, ul
though a wild hope was beating madly in
I l'or breast, dared not trust herself to wntch
her father ns ho opened his letters nnd pa-
nors; so sho strolled on alono ocr tho
lawn skirting a park. Dreamily sho
watched tho golden clouds lloating lazily
through tho blue above her, ami com
menced to build beautiful air-cnstles, for
this was a favorite pastimo of hers. In
after years, when sho becatno a groat lady,
she said to Napoleon once:
"Do you never build caHtlos in tho nir,
(leneralV Do you never go and dwell in
them? Do you nover dream to charm
away tho monotony of lifo?"
"No, mndamo," said ho, "I leavo dreams
to sleep and retain reason for my waking
" ," !j'
." said Louiso "vou can nover bo
either amused or surprised."
i Presently sho was called into tho break
fast room, where sho found her father and
i mother joyfully talking over some ory
good news. It seemed Unit an anonymous
, ariicie Had nppeared in ono or tint morn
t ing journals, wnrinly defending Necker,
' indignantly reciting his wrongs, nnd, in
"" "" ','"," I,1,?':"n'u words, proving
""" "" "'" "" "'"
Louiso ohaiiKcd color usher father com
meiiced to read tho artielo aloud. Necker
, . it t i .
P""?1 om'""r tico 'is though in surprise
' ' t until ho had almost reached
l!'. "".1. that ho detected his daughter's
stylo. Throwing the paper aside, ho ex
claimed, with trcmoiing voice:
" Louise, my brnvo daughter, you nro
my defender) "
"Can it bo true?" cried her mother,
clasping Louiso in her arms, while tears
of joy sprang to her eyes.
Louiso could i-carcelv answer for weep-
? , '
Oh' that was a glad morning for tho
er family. ell might her parents
proud of Louise. Her elonueut de
fence struck even her father's enemies
with shame. Tho people lou'd Necker
more than ever before. His daughter had
struck mightier blows with her pen than a
general could have done with his army.
Louiso (lermaino Necker is now kuow'u as
Madame Do Staol, a great and wise woman,
who loved freedom and stirred tho hearts
of her countrymen with her own heroic
patriotism. Napoleon feared her burning
;'""1" "''. "" ne power oi ner im more
""" mMtitiii iv'!" n - iin uinn
From u uirl. sho loved to talk of tho won
ders nud beauties of nature, and tho im
mortality of tho soul, and she has left
Franco and tho world a rich inheritance in
her works, so full of beautiful and sublime
thoughts thoughts which will "roll on
from soul to soul, for ever,"
ls foon-usrowN thev tell a story of un
yMV joker who oiu-o visited Fonimoro
ooner. i oiiner was iiiimi I in must .nn.
Hpioumi - num in tlio littlo town.
Cooper was diuiui: with
tho Fnglinhmau, ho poured out (umio mi'
live w iua w ina from urnix's raised in
hi 0W1, K,,rti,m. Taking up a glass and
i,HlMllR tir,u,.h it wtlh pride. Cooper re-
wrKo,l: "Now, Mr. Slobbins, 1 call this
BlM, ,,, ttino. ,.Ve Mr Cooper, 1
, , vou. it is honest wine-"poor
i.,,, i, ,.,,.,.. i
Mr. Cooper went ou tell-
men, tho action of whoso liver is slug.
gish, to eliminate effete matter, which, it
retained in the system, causing jaundice,
sleepiness, scurry and irouPlesomodueas
of lho skin.
Oh, what misery ltos hidden in that ono
littlo word debt. Tlireo-fourths of tho
suicides nro committed on account of pe
cuniary embarrassments; threo-fourths of
tho defalcations aro occasioned by debt;
four-fifths of tho misory and suffering in
tho world is brought about by debt.
Debt is not nhvays an evidenco of oxtrava
ganco, but cxtravnganco is suro, sooner or
later, to lend to debt, dobt will lead to dis
sipation and speculation, which too often
terminates In hopeless ruin. How maDy
honest men, by fast living and oxtrava
gnnt habits, havo becomo involved; and
then with a hopo of extricating thomsclves
havo engaged in reckless speculation,
which ended in dissipation, shamo and
disgrace? Wo know it is almost impossi
bio for somo, nnd moro especially the
farmer, to Hvo without going in debt at
somo season of tho year; nnd, wo also
know that when buying on lime, most of
men aro not half as Bclf-donying as they
would bo if thoy woro "paying ns thoy
go." Merchants know this weakness of
humanity; and, if tho party is responsible,
often insist upon soiling this, that or tho
other, with success, wliero thoy would
fail if tho purchaser had to pay cash up
for it. Thus it is that many men uncon
sciously lay tho foundation of their ruin;
tho end of tho year rolls round; nnd, with
it, comes tho merchant's statomont; his
hos did not bring us much as ho ex
pected, tho corn or wheat crop was nearly
a failuro, ho had somo sickness in his
family, and is not prepared to sottlo in
full; tlia merchant must closo his ac
counts, so ho pays what ho can spare, nnd
Sivcs his note for tho balance; tho first
ownward step is taken, and tho chances
aro that tho end of tho next year will And
mm in n worso condition, nnd step num
ber two in tho great descent is takon, to
bo repeated, year by year, until his faim is
mortgnged sold tho man becomes do
pressed and changed, his friends aro
friends no moro, and ho is forover ruined.
This may bo considered an overdrawn
picture, but to draw it too strongly is n
dlfllcult matter, ami wo fcol our inability
to do it justice. Debt is a monster, avoid
it as you would tho bite of tho vonomous
reptile; teach your childron to abhor it
"pay us you go," is tho only truo nnd nb
soluto policy. Wo confidently look to tho
Patrons of Husbandry for a rndical ro
form in this mutter ns well as in tho ex
tortionate rates of interest now charged
for tho uso of money. MiComb Granger.
How to Succeed.
Tho young man who thinks ho can
carry his boyish pranks into tho sorious
business of life is not a man, nnd defrauds
himself and his employer. "After work,
play." That should satisfy the most san
guine, "llusiness before plcasuro," is
tho motto of tho prudent man, whose
guidoisi experience, and it is sulllcient for
tho novitiate in active life.
Hut it is despicable to seo tho young
man just starting in lifo so wedded to his
former enjoyments as to plucothcm nb,ovo
present duties. Yet this is often tho enso.
Tho young man, who, to steer his own
bark, launches forth en tho sen of lifo. too
often looks back on tho pleasures ho
leaves behind; and, forgetful of present
duties, steers back to past enjoyments.
There is no royal rond to success nnv
more than to knowleduo. Ho who would
succeed must work; nud,nfterull, there is
more real enjoyment in work; which has
n worthy object, than in play or plcasuro,
intended to kill time. Wo remarked a
few days ugo, to n business man whose
present means aro nmply sulllcient, but
who worked really harder than any of
his numerous employes, that ho ought
to "take it easy." S.ud he: "I nm never
so happy as when I havo moro tlmn I can
do. I may wear out in working, but 1
dread to rust out in idling." Ho was
right. His work was a part of himself, a
part of hi.-, lifo, and it was always faith
fully done. To apprentices, especially,
this earnestness ami interest m the'ir
work is necessary, if success) is ovor to be
Oud Minuti:hoi' W.utinii. Whiloyou
nro arranging tho parlor, just havo n
thought for tho visitors who must somo
times wait to seo you, and carefully refrain
from putting every object of interest bo
vond their reach. Of course, as a careful
hostess, you never mean ot keep Cillers
waiting; but, if they come when tho baby
is on the eve of dropping to sleep, or vou
nro in the midst of planning dinner with
tho cook, you must wait n little, while they
nro reduced to staring out of tho window,
or to an involuntary effort to penetrate
some iusigullieaut household secret. The
family phologrunli album is usually re
garded as siiiUeieut resouroo in moments
like these, but is thero not somothing
akin to indelicacy iu allowing strangers
nud ordinary acquaintances to turn tho
likenesses of our nearest nnd denrest; per
haps to criticise them with the freedom of
uufamiliarity, or tho uusympnthy natural
to a lack of personal appreciation?
Tim late maga.iuo, a book of good on
gMvingi, it household volume of poetry, n
stereoscope nnd views, photographs of
foreign scenes, and n dozen other things,
aro nil good it ids to tho occupations of
stray minutes. Moreover, they often sug
gest to the visitor and the lios't topics of
conversation more profitable nnd interest
ing than the state of the weather or the
history of tlm kitchen.
Nor ltr.nuiuwii.B. A Massachusetts
fanner says: "My cattle will follow me
until I leavo the lot, nnd ou the way up
to tho barn-yard in tho evening, stop and
can lor n iock oi nay. Miutlisou .tvs
there is nothing remarkable in that. He
neut into a bum-yard in the country one
day last week, where he had not the slight
est ac.piaintnuce with tho cattle, and the.
old bull not only followed him till ho left
tho lot, but took tho gato off the hinges
and raced him to the house iu tho most
familiar maimer possible, Smithson says
ho has no doubt that the old fellow would
have culled for something if ho had wated
a little while, but ho didn't want to keep
the folks waiting dinner, so ho hung ono
tail of his coat and a piece of his pants on
tho bull's liorus and went in tho house.
Don't DO It.
Don't kill tho fatted calf too often.
Well fed prodigals seldom reform.
Don't poke fun nt your wife's relations.
Too much lovity will disturb tho quiet of
your home. , , ,
Don't educato your children for Con
gressmen. Hotter let thorn "takothmg9
Don't imaglno that thero is any honor
In dabbling in printer's ink. Every
counterfeiter "writes for tho paper."
Don't chaso an idea. Too many of
them aro caught with another man's am
munition. Don't commit suicido. Thero is no
honor in taking tho lifo of a fool.
Don't study dovilment. It is n saving
of tirao to learn it by intuition.
Don't punish too much bad whisky.
It is wrong to injuro yoursolf in order to
got your enemy down.
Don't ask tho Lord to forgivo your on
omies. Practico charity a littlo whilo on
vour own account.
Don't spend anothor man's money too
froolv. Solf-constituted ulmoners are
Don't stoul an editor's thouchts. It is
wrong to appropriate n man's ontiro stock
of trado, uo it ovor so small.
A religious pupor says that tho only
wages not reduced in panic times nro thoso
Hn is tho happiest, bo ho king or peas
ant, who finds penco in his homo.
A Trusty Boy.
"A fow years nuo." cava n Now York pa'
por, "n largo drug firm in this city adver
tised for a boy. Next day tho storo was
thronged with applicants, and among them
enmo uqtteor-looking littlo fellow, accom
panied by his aunt, iu lioti of faithless
paronts by whom ho had bcon abandoned.
"Looking at this littlo waif, tho mor-
chant iu tho storo promptly said, 'Can't
tuko him placo nil full. Besides ho is too
'"I know ho is small," said tho woman,
'but ho is willing and faithful.'
"Thero was a twinkle in tho boy's oyos
which mado tho merchant think again.
A paitncr iu tho firm volunteered to ro
mark that ha did not seo what thoy wanted
of such n boy; ho wasn't bigger than n
pint of cider, ltut nfter consultation, the
boy was sot to work.
"A fow days later n cnll was mado on
tho boys in tho storo for somo ono to stay
nil night. Tho prompt rcsponso of the
littlo fellow contrasted well with tho ro
luctunco of others, Iu tho middlo of the
might tho merchant looked in to seo if nil
was right in tho storo, nnd presently dis
covered his youthful protege busy scissor
ing labels. 'What nro you doing?' said
ho. 'I did not toll you to work nights.'
' 'I know you did not toll mo so; but I
thought I might as well bo doing some
thing.' " In tho morninp; tho cashier cot ordors
to 'douuio that boy a wages; for ho is tell
Un,: "Only n fow weeks elapsed beforo a
show of wild beasts passed through tho
streets; nnd, very naturally, all hands in tho
storo rushed to witness tho spectacle. A
thief saw his opportunity; ami, entered in
n rear door to seizo t-omothing, but in a
twinkling found himself llrmly clutched by
tho diminutive clerk aforesaid, and, nftor
it strugglo, wns captured. Not only was n
robbery prevented, but valuablo articles
taken from other Btores wero recovered.
When nsked by tho merchant why ho staid
behind to watch when all others quit
their work, tho reply was: 'You told mo
never to leavo tho storo wlion othors woro
absent; nnd I thought I'd stay.' Orders
were immediately given oiico moro.
'Doublo that boy's wages; ho is trilling
and faithful' In lSilO .that boy was re
ceiving it salary of twonty-tlvo hundred
dollars; and, iu IS70, had bocomo n partner
iu the establishment." KrangelM.
"Tom, n word with you." "Do quick
then, I'm in n hurry. ' "What did you
givo your sick horse 'tother day?" "A
pint of turpentino." John hurried homo
and administered tho same dose to his fa
vorite charger, which died in n half an
hour. His opinion of Tom's veteriunry
ability was modified. Ho met him the
next ditv. "Well. Tom. I cavo my horse
a pint of turpentine, nnd it killed him."
"So it did iiiino."
I know mon who wouldn't Blmvo on
Suuday, but would black their boots.
Then I know soma who would shave ou
Sunday, put wouldn't black thoir boots.
And 1 know of others who wouldn't do
either ou Sunday, but would shave their
neighbors awfully on Monday.
A Snuu:x Ci.osr. A
vonni? licnn nl
ins sisters ovcuing party, began to sing,
"Why ntn I so Weak and We.trv?" when
a littlo brother brought tho performance
to a sudden close by yelling out, "Aunt
Mary s.ivs it's because you come homo so
late, and drunk most every night 1"
Fuss works hard nil dnv, and don't do
eiuiy thing, goes to bed tired ut night,
then gets up next morning, and begius
agin w liuro sho left oph. Hillings.
Tiir.iii: is a time at which lamb becomes
miittou. Thero is a time nt which the
mint sauce of ilirtation has tn i,n Ma.
. . ' a ...., ...
carded for the current jelly of serious in
tentions. A mix w.is bo.istiug that ho had beon
nnrried for twenty years, ami had never
given his wife a cross word. Thoso who
know him my ha didn't daro to.
"".", "i"',"' tlmt "w"'o n tho
vt est the broadest humor is enconr.iged
in tho T.nst, outside of certain charming
circles, it is d.ingorons to bo funny."
Eioirr hours should bo n day's work on
a ilog churu, the dog to bo allowed ono
day iu the wees to liimuU t
dog have his dnv. ' "w'
Yodflq Folks' ColvIimjJ.
Hints on Hop-Growing.
rconle who are 'about embarking in a now
enicrprige, will hardly expect to have their at
t ntion called to lho most forbidding features
of the undertaking by those who wish them
God speed. Bat vo are confident that our hop
growing friends will, nt the closo of even one
rear s experience, manic us iur puimiug uu, iuu
Taking it for granted that money is tho chief
incentive in the undertaking, wo will first
glance at the
Of tho subject. Wo hero find that the hop
market has, throngh its whola history, presen
ted nn irrefiiilar record. Probably no farm
product has been so utterly unreliablo as to its
marketable value. In 18G7 tho hop-growers cf
Wisconsin received, from eager buyers, CO to
55 cts. per lb; while, in 18C8, their hops went
beggiug purchases nt 8 cts. per lb. Only a re
markablo concurrence of fatuitous circumstan
ces could have produced this ruinous fall in
prices, nnd the like may never occur again;
still, thoso who havo had tho most experience
in the hop business will, wo think, most readily
admit that it is the most fluctuating in price of
all farm products.
This fluctuation is not owing to variations in
the demands of tho hop-market; for this de
mand is particularly unvarying. It is well
known how mnuy hops will bo wanted for each
s ason, and nothing abovo what is wanted will bo
bought; for, although the consumer is ready to
to lay In a full Bupply at desirable rates, a much
lower scalo would not tempt him to provido for
wants beyond the coming season, hops being a
Bad Stock to Carry,
Either by consumer or producer. They are
not liable, to actually spoil and becomo ntterly
worthies", but there is a gradual and inva
riable deterioration produced by nge, affect
ing their strength, llavor andjcolor. Producers,
especially, should bear this in tniud, and bo
careful how thy .attempt to " hold on for bet
ter prices." A casual glance at the hop-market
reports will convince tiirm of this gradual, but
sure depreciation iu value, which ago causes.
And we would remark here, that no market
requires closer watching than thin, Tho most
ready, nud also most reliable information on this
poiut, is to bo obtained from tho M'ctklv Hop
Circunr.BBUcd by Emmet Wells, Now York. It
has been accused, in rare Instances, of favoring
tho bnyer; but wo consider tho accusation un
just, and havo confidence in its figures and
suggestions. Wo find hero that tho prices
given refer to the new crop, invariably; whilo
tho "Olds," tho growth of tho preceding sea
son, nro put at figures considerably lower; and
thoso of still greater age, denominated "Old
Olds," rango still lower.
Tho fluctuations of the hop-market shonld
not frighten the hop-grower, for he will often
derivo unexpected profit from them; forthouch
he may sometimes bo compelled to sell u light
crop at prices that would scarcely bo remuner
ative with an ubiindant yield, on tho other
hand, ho will, probably, quito as often be nblo
to disposo of an abundant crop at prices that
would bring a good return with evon a very
Thoso who mako money out of hop-growing,
will do so, not really at tho expense of their
neighbors, but in conBcqucnco of thoir mis
fortunes. It will bo noticed that somo ot tlin linn.
growers of California are working with a view
to send their hops to England; but, unless tho
foreign crop fails, in England and Delgiuni,
more especially, thero will bo littlo demand
thero for American hons. Durimr lm hnn
panic in Wisconsin, in 18C9. lmrilpu wim
disgusted with lho stato of tho homo market,
shipped their hops to England, to bo sold on
xnntnilj.ini. H'l.n ..,...... 1 . .
..'.u.i....n,u,ll iui ii-iuiui irii.ii some lots
nfhrded ono cent per pouud abovo costs of
transportation, commission, etc., whilo others
fell a few cents short of this bill of costs.
Tho cost of producing this ciop should be
considered in connection with the financial
aspt ct of tho subject. Tho expenses will vary
but littlo from year to year. Tho poka form
tho most expeusive Item; but, when theto aro
onco provided, they will last for a term of
years, longer or shorter, according to variety
of wood, nud uaturo of soil. Tlio labor of
planting roots, setting poles, cultivating, tting
i.n.l biliug, is no moro pressing iu its demands
than ordluary farm labor; but, picking, when
it is ready to bodoue, must bo dmio quickly,
the va ue of tho crop depending largely ou tho
heps being picked as soon ns possible, ofter
liny are ready. This renders it n,lii,al1n for
each grower to procuro as many pickers ns ho
mi, i-iuimii iir; ncu, tnongU there is not
really any "bidding up" on tho prices of
picking, a uniform price being generally agreed
upon for tho season, thero is still a competition
among prowers to secure pickers, which some
times adds materially to tho cost of tho pro
duct. Picker becomo influenced by -unwarrantable
iuducemoi ts, ami thus bcoomlne:, in a
degree demoralized; the cost of procuring and
providing for them is materially Increased.
1 ut, ns we proposo to mako each of these do-
wo will dismiss them for tho present. Wo
would, how ever, Wore taking Wo of tho
financial aspect of hop.growing, nrgo, most
emphMical y, upon lho farming community
the necesity of making this aspect of evefy
fcE1?' fir culture ,ueir careful sludy7.
h.ft". :lruc'1: ' Mr cost, that a largo
TJ.?1 . ,rfl'! of their products sl?p
"T'f "',"', o" migers ami go into tho
pockets of dealers; but, ?s this not Swing some-
nientnt ' W0"" ,aek, ',Mr.ct b,,9lnrB
. ?..i .1 . "I'l'Kbend that such is the
S?i T n ,nrwc'"' UiI ''enouncing tho
im'L I",,,Mlc"f "V "" take to themselves
bJ't'uuo'Sl0'" nflWiUS theni301-8 l
Ikey should watoh closely, not onlv tlm nm.
ildents in tr.i.1., ul. ,,.',... "'J " V nn?
Tl "- -S.
and become so familiar ul.i, ...ihi..i. ..!?!
.1 t ' " BIlllllY flllMIlHHH
limttriM tlm i '.i
brought in contact , j h those wdVo haveUh
JteJ?."!'!?. ' 'heir despe'atloni
Oifwitl. ih r ,...; '" ,uc,r "operation:
We re we to point ont'the mistakes that society
haten,d,UblrrCil,!Uy ,,he Wn&tai
cW n .. I"0""11?,1)- ourselves open to the
Wi. .i ' ..
ml,. ...i ":.,' ".""- "? "';-
lnnLi i '. . "onowio.ii y, or the ac-
EW n t ,but we row & hop. In
r-ilern or for.im. n,.i..... m . . I. '.
avail. -o- -..Gin jh oa , Jlale
The firmer m Pope vallt-v have all rnt
their crops ,n. au,i a.,T :f ..a.T6 " Bot
disi Zd, nt iT", ot California is to be
m? Ktei1',' Pws. by middle-men,
vr uj cooperative arrancempne i, .o. i... i. '
el ltd luiln-io
M.n .1 aa 'MIni harvestNearly
it rrem ap,arance, turn off an abundtnee.