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About Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887 | View This Issue
My Well Spent Summer.
Tills story Is for the "common people," o II
you aro one of the uncommon people, or think
vou arc wlilcli is just the same turn the leaf
and pass on. This is not for you,
"Kitty, IM Rive the world if I only knew how
to keep house like you. I feel to discouraged
and disheartened that It seems as if I'd just like
to give it all up and die. With the children,
and the housework, and my ignorance, life is a
great burden to me I"
FoorcousinJIcllc 1 a dim suggestion of a plan
hy which I might help her out of her trouble had
heen floating through my brain for several days,
and this pathetic appeal brought my Ideas to a
For I know how to keep house. Why ? lie
cause I had a New England mother; and if there
arc any 1x.-ttcr housekeepers in the world than
New England housekeepers, there ought to le a
separate department in llarnum's for exhibiting
them to an admiring world.
My mother had a "faculty." She was a gen
tle woman, but when she walked through a room,
the chairs, tables, rtc, used to marshal them
selves into place, as if a general was giving the
wonl of command to his soldiers.
All her daughter) were instructed In house
wifely duties, I not only .served an apprentice
ship as "second girl," but was "chief cook" as
well, ami when my father said:
"Kilty, this bread is just as good as yptir
mother'," I thought I had graduated with the
highest honors. Mils was my good fortune,
1'iHir Itcllc had never Ikicii taught anything but
piano, and a she sagely remarked, "they
louldn'i eat music."
This was her ill-fortunc, and so il came aixiul
that poor lie Mr, n thousand limes prettier
ami liilghler than I ever thought ol liciug,
gotten the threads of her web of life all in n tan
gle, ttlicii I lould have woven without let
Now this was my plan. Ilclle was naturally
very quick ami hiighl, and 1 could stay His
months, and train tier in housekeeping. All
that she needed was to 1 taught. Hut alas
for the "buls" in ibis wmld we had planned
for n lovely summer at home. We had talked
almiit it all vv inter. Wo were going up the St.
Lawrence In see the Thousand Isles; to visit
Montreal ud '.lueliec; then In Mount Dcscit,
and on Inlhc While Mountains, then to finish up
the summer at Newport,
Could I give il up and stay at this lillle
"pokey," unfinished Western village, teaching
cousin llclie what was ns easy to me as Mother
(iuose's melodies ami the nlphaliel ?
Thai night when 1 went up to my iskiiii, I put
on my "thinking cap," mid ial down to make
All at once the (rue ipiestioii at stake flashed
across my consciousness. My pleasures against
another's need. And so this is )imr Christianity,
slid I In mysell; llns is the "ciilhusiatni lor Hu
manity" which on talk about so loftily I Whole
upon I gave myself ns sound a flagellation, mor
ally, as ever monk gave himself p)i)sically with
a knolleil ionl,.aiul, thu iuesiiou iteing Kcllleil,
at htcakfast, "I
ictiml In sweet similiter and pleasant dicams.
"Ilclle," .ud I, nest inoining at
think iheie isa way out of our tumble,"
...... .. . i . ..
s.iiil she lailiantly, "II you only help
"Hut, Ilclle, if we find a way mil you will
have to alaliralr and let me Iv a kind of absolute
I'mpicss of I'hiua for a fewinoiilhs. How would
sou like Ihal?" 1 said, a little doubtfully, for
Helle was seter.il tears my senior, and a ilia
lion's dignity must lie veiy tendeily approached.
"Kilty, ou haw! no Idea how heavenly il
would Ik: to me to have some one lo tell me each
day just w hat fo do, again. 'I hat is is one of my
woi.l tumbles. To think every iiiiuuiiig when I
gel up that 1 must tell myself mid evervWsly
rise wlul In do, when I ilon'l know what I want
"Well, then, we will commence now," said I.
"Listen, Hairy and childirn," said she, clap
ping her hands gleefully, "you must all mind
cousin Kilty, and so mint I. We will all bit
young togethei. 1 begin lo feel restmed al
ready." "Very well," said I, judicially, "today Is
IlimsiUy. VU will ilcvotc tlio teuiaiiiiler ol the
week to getting llic house in pcilcct older. We
must have a clean casket lo put our jewel of a
Talk about gymnastics I '1 here may lc great
pleasure in throwing out a pair o( womlen dumb
U'lls and then drawing llieui Kick again, but
how can il po.siMy compaie with Hying lomnl n
tiMin and pulling it in esipiisiie older, that those
you love may Ik' coiufoi table III II.
Co enjoy your woik ihoioiighly, you must
i.lcalue II, and who could idcaliica pair of dumb
Salunlay night came, and the house was like
a bandbox. 1 licit I I hi I my linger on a "tcudei
.pot" in Ihe household economy.
About oue.foutlh of llic necilleis woik was
caused b) the l.uk of order.
The I .Old of Mlsiulr was soveicign, and il
sometimes looked nsiflutts and coats, dresses
-and playthings laiued down,
"Now" said I, quoting my mother's wonls,
the house cannot lie untidy if cvciy pel von puts
his oi her things in place "
'Heat I heat !" shouted cousin Harry, Hcllc's
"You may laugh, Hairy," said I, shaking my
head at him, "but it is Hue."
"Dial's so," he icphed, thcic'a considerable
sense in dial only head of yours, after all."
"Vcty well," said I, "what's the use of sense if
it won't help us out of our trouble? Now 1 am
going to diaw a what do you call it ? -an
agircuicnt, by which each incinlscrof the family
binds himself lo keep his or her things in pel fret
All enteied mcnily into the arrangement.
Harry diew up a fonnidable looking document.
He and ilclle signed tint, underneath thcehll
iliru wiote in tegular onler, and one ol them
gleefully put the pen Isriwern the baby's chubby
iingeis and guided llieui to nuke "his inaik."
'Then we icduccsl the icgular louliue of the
woik to a pet feci system, and everyday cousin
Ilclle was lo devote her spate lime to learning
some one thing.
Monday nun nine; came. This house was in
perfect older. Ilclle says, cheerily.
"Well. Kitty, what is the juvenile pupil to
"What would you like?"
"If I could only make such bread as you used
to have at your house I It was the very pswlry
of food I Mine It sour, or It won't live, or some
thing Is the mailer with it, so that half the lime
it it not fit to eat,"
"Ilclle," said I, profoundly, "haven't you
learned from Tynd.11 and Huxley and Maria
Mitchell and the Popular Science Monthly that
making bread is a chemical process, and that ev
ery chemical process Is governed by certain fixed,
unchangeable laws ?"
ISellc looked a little bewildered; then smiled
archly, and said:
"I haven't devoted much time to chemistry
for the past ten years,"
"Yes, that's the trouble," said I, "It hasn't
been chemistry but something else beginning
with C, vit: chance. Now, given your ingredi
ents combined in a certain manner, and as an
absolute icsultyour bread Is as sure to rise as the
sun is to rise in the cast. You can't keep it
down unless you put a mill stone on It. I sup
pose you have wasted some food In your experi
"Some 1 II you could see the pies and cakes
and bread I have thrown away you would be
horrified. I sometimes think we shall come to
want as a punishment."
"Well, we won't waste any more. In six les
sons you can learn to make as good bread as any
body, or you arc not the bright woman I think
you are. So this week we will make bread ev
ery day. Of course we cannot eat it all, but
what we don't want we will give to the poor,"
And so evi ry day I sat by the table and gave
Ilclle instructions, while the pretty hands, wlilch
even hard labor could not deface, moulded the
bread which came out of the oven snowy within
and a delicate brown without, the sweet and
odorous stall of life. Saturday I left her to her
own devices, and I don't believe she blushed
more when Harry proposed lo her than she did
when he gave her that highest praise a man can
off, r "'lids is j mt ns good as my mother's."
Poor Harry I what a digestion he must have had
to liegin with, nd what ztetenoir "my mother's
ureail ' Is lo many a young housekeeper I
ho here was one great trouble imposed ol.
I.ikc many other troubles in life, it needed only
to be grappled with, and it disappeared.
Hut how, in the mean time, did it fare with
the order of the house?
Disorder is a chronic trouble, and, like many
olhcr chronic troubles, sometimes needs a sharp
alterative to break it up.
Thursday afternoon I saw something in the
parlor which made me sit down and think a little.
The result was a note, thus:
"Dcaii llAinir, sslll jnii nuno down to tlio limine
ouii yuu eu cnuvt'iiiriillyT In unit liiHe,
Down came Harry at a pace like the lope of a
California horse, lircathlcss he rushed in,
"Is Ilclle sick!"
"No." 1 replied; "but come Into the parlor a
Now dial he was here, I confess I was n little
afraid ol llic result. Men have so much amour
roper, and do so hate to lie made ridiculous,
that I felt ns if I had drawn the elephant in a raf-
lle ami ilitln t know what to ilo with it,
"Harry," said I severely, "you rcniemlier our
compact, and the duly ot parents to set a good
I could see a glimmer of suspicion in his face.
Then I made n desperate plunge.
"l,ook on the sofa, I only sent for you to
hang up your trverco.it. "
Cause, awful lo me, while Harry vibrated lie
Ivvceu nnger and merriment, finally, good fel
low that he was, he sat back in his chair and
laughed heartily, "Kitty, I'll pay you for this,
if 1 live. The idea of getting a man home from
his ollice lo hang up his ovcicoall What will
you bet that you don't catch me again ?"
"Hell you are demoralizing! I have lived in
New York, and seen Icronic 1'ark, I have been
in Saratoga, and heard nlmul the races, but I
never made a bet. However, just to make up
willi you, I'll liel thu price of that new China set
which Hetle looked at so longingly the other
"scry well. Mill Harry, "Mil you see II she
K"'"1 .. .
alter mis u was n loutce oi much nmiisemenm
lo Ilclle and myself to see Harry every morning
saunleinig caielessly around the room as II he
had no object whatever in view, but, slyly look
ing out of the cornels of his eyes lo see If any.
thing of liu was astray, and then xiuiicing upon
die olfenibiig article, lik'e the eagle upon his prey,
I lost my bet.
Now, a New I'nglaud house keeper is a lalxir
saving institution; so, one day, 1 took a basket
and disappeaied, When 1 returned with it full,
Ilclle looked up aghast,
"My goodncssl aie we going to have a regi
ment lor dinner?" said she.
"No," I replied. is for die week. One
journey for louiteen."
Ilclle s eyes spaikleil wiin a new thought.
( luce plant the gem of forethought m a woman's
mind, mid it will blossom out in a thousand un
llul tlieic is one thing in housekeeping before
which the most New I'.iigland-lile faculty must
stand abashed: there is no "laving that specter,"
who is continually asking for "clean dishes."
The god i of Olympus, it is said, toss aside their
goblets and take liesh ones every time, but we
isvor mortals cannot do that, so comes the inevit
able soap and water Hut one can Iv helped through
the pincess, and so one day I walked In the shop
of a kind of half-way llooMcr caiK'iner and gave
him ditcctimis for making a dish drainer, a tiling
he had never heaul of, lie brought It o u the
new day, and we found it asomec of solid com
fort; but alas! I lost my standing with the lions
ier That evening when he went home to "bacon
andgiechs" for the third time that day, he told
Ids wife, who, vvtih kind consideration, managed
lo .end it along to me, that
"Them Yankee cult was power fill cute, but
he didn't lliiuk he should want one for a wife
He'd rullier have one of 'oinary ' kind, For a
woman In lo telling a man how to make things,
somehow seemed to him agm natur "
And yet this nun had never heard of Hushell's
Iscfoim Against N.uuie, and didn't even know
Iheie wn such a question as women's lights.
One nioic espeiimcnt, and that is all. , The
test wcie like unto them, Hood couVe is a dunk
hi for the gods, I believe it is the original nectar;
but poor colfee, alas' if the deities, in that other
place, have anything to assuage their thirst, it
must lx thai, il is such a punishment to drink it'
"Now, Helle," said 1 one morning, "codec "
Ilclle hmked sulslued at once, as if she expected
a lillle mors.- chemistry, but I .pared her. "(liven,
gi od collee, prverly roasted and ground, plus
boiling water, and a subtile something which
Sambo called Me know how,' and Ihe icsult mint
S this week we will have colTc for our "text,"
and the icsult was, at it must be, nectar. So it
went on, and before the espiraliouof six months,
1 formally aUlicalcd, and Itcllc took the icins
again, because she knew just how to manage
And did things goon in this smooth way, and
lucad, and codec and all die necessaries of family
cpmfoits come without any slips or mishaps ?
My dear fiicnd, I will lc lontidciitut. lliere
are "sjHits on the miii," there aie erratic wander
lugs among the stars, then. aie clouds as well as
sunshine, and this little household was human,
There were davs when things were very wrung
indeed. When die children w ere crvvss, and Helle
was lired, and 1 well 1 had "nerves," 1 believe
that is a nice way of saying it.
There were days when letters came from my
patty of fuendi, enjoying the summer trip, which
tills si me with hateful discontent. Hot days
when the waters of the St. Ijwicncc sparkled
before my eyes; Thousand llct arose out of the
mist of my vision like the Isles of the Hlest; days
when the velvet lawm, the exquisite (lowers, the
spreading beach, and the festive throngs of New
port, mockca mc in the distance, and above an
the sunny summits of the White Mountains lifted
themselves like a dazzling mirage.
Hut those days were few. There is nothing
like a sense ol duty to curb the wandering fancy,
Ilclle, like many another troubled housekeeper
needed only a little instruction and writes me
that she has now a happy, well ordered home.
As for me, it is certainly a very deplorable and
mournful thing for a woman to be called "cute"
but then if one has managed to help another
by it, the odium is more supportable.
I have had my gay summer since, but this I
still call. My Well Spent Summer. Kale Pay
ton, N, . Statesman,
A Remarkable Operation.
Ilonj, Franklin made his namo famous
wlion bo flow Lis kito and brought down
lightning from tbo clouds, which had
beon flying around without paying their
way. Now wo not only flash through on
wires, but soionco has crippled electricity
and used it to perform miracles. The
Timet' roadcrs will remember when Gen
eral Kilpatrick returned from Chili, three
years sinco, of his having a rcmarkablo
oporation performed on him by a physic
ian In Now York, who romoved n largo
fleshy formation from tho Ooncral's neck
by filling it full of nccdios and thon at
taching a galvanio battery to it. Ton
minutes after tho ourrout of electricity
was let on tho bunch had entirely disap
peared. A romarkablo oporation was per
formed by a Whitehall physician a fow
days ago. A gentleman who had beon
suffering from a superabundance of adi
poso tissue) consulted a physician, asking
for relief from its burden. Tho doctor
told him ho could reliovo him if ho would
consent to a painful oporation. Tho gen
tleman consented, and when tho medical
practitionor cntcrod tho tolograph ofllco at
this placo, t'uo fat man was requested to
rcmovo his cout and vest, aftor which tho
physician stirrotided him with wires, at
taching tho ends to n powerful battory.
At a signal from tho doctor, mnnager W.
II. lCildy lot on tho current. Tho pntiont
writncii mm twistcu wnon no loll tlio cur
rent passing around him, still ho stood it
liko a martyr. J'resently ho bogau to
shrink; ho grow smaller and smaller, his
clothing hung in bugs about 1i!h diminish
ing form; tho doctor felt muoli plousednt tho
result of his experiment, wiiilo tho form-
orly fat man's joy was very great, although
ho scorned to bo miHoritm auutn nuin. All
of a suddon thoro wns aloud clicking at an
instrument, as if Pandotuoniiim's great
hall hud boon lot loose. Tho operator
spring iiuickly to nuswor tho call, Ilo
iiKcortuini'd it was from tho Now York
ofllco. Ilo (iniekly asked, "What's up ?"
An nnswor camo back ns if somo infuratcd
demon was at tho othor end of tho wifo,
"What in thunder aro you about? Cut
nil' your wires nuick you nro tilling tho
Nusv York ofllco with soup gronso. H'iltt
Tho most perfect homo I over saw, was
n littlu hotiHo into tho sweet license of
of whoso llros wont no cosily things, A
tliousiinii iiniiiirs served lor a year s living
of father, mother mid tlireo akildroii. Hut.
tho mother was tho creator of a homo;'
her relations with her children vtaiotho
most beautiful I have over seen; ovou the
and enabled to do good work for souls
dull and commonplace mini was lifted up
by tho atniosphoro which this woman
created; every inmuto of her houso in
voluntarily lookod into lior faco for tho
key note of tlio day; and it always rang
clear. From tlio rose-bud or clovor-lenf.
which, in spite of her hard house-work,
sho always found time to put by our plates
irl breakfast, down to tho story she had on
h.iud to bo read in tlio evening, there was
no intermission of her inlliioueo. She
has always been and always will bo my
ideal of a mother, wifo, home-maker. If
to her quick brain, loving heart and ex
quisite faco had been added tho applian
ces of wealth mid the enlargements of w id-
er culture, hers would liuvo been absolute
ly the ideal homo. As it svus, it was the
best I have ever seen. Helen Hunt.
V.lrJ Pnura' CaLllUfJ.
vwp-H w.w w ,-,-
Strange and Curious Reptiles and Fishes.
Nothing Is more wonderfnl than the end
less variety of forms observed in fishes and
reptiles, and of these two classes of animated
nature, wo here present the Torpedo and the
Iguana, which are amongst tho most strange
and curlons. In
Wo find a living electrical apparatus which
might havo led men to tho discovery of that
wonderful agent and to the method of produc
ing it, even had the celebrated savans who
have investigated its properties, never had an
existence. And indeed, it may with some be
a matter of doubt whether the discovery was
not thug made. Our illustration represents
tho Naraclon California!, which has a flat, car
tilaginous body, which is very smooth, and
which presents nearly a circular disc The
anterior border is formed by two prolongations
of tbo snout which go on each side to join the
pectoral fins, leaving between these organs and
tho head and gills, an oval spaco in which is
placed tho t-lectricul apparatus. This is com
posed of a number ot membranous vertical
tubes pressed acutust ono another like the
cells of bees, and subdivided by horizontal
partitions into small rolls, tilled with mucous
matter. Tho nppurntus is supplied with veins
by several very largo brunches from tho pneu-mo-caslrio
center. The powerful nature of the
electricty generated in tho apparatus may bo
better understood when it is kuown that n
singlo medium discharged from tho rtninofits
is equal to thu maximum onu from n buttery
of y.COO srpmro inches. Tho ytmnntus, cr
electric tel, is a dim-rent species which is
found in the rivtrs ot South America, and is
the most powerful of tho genus. It is from
flvo to six feet long aud can kill a horso by
repotted discharges. In South America, when
the Indians -want to catch theso fish, they
drivu n number of hursts and cnttlo into the
water. This rouses tho eels, which, gliding
in among .Ihu animals give Mich shocks as
spiedily to expend their forco aud render them
capable of being easily captured. Tho torpedo
proper is found in tho largest numbers in the
seas of Europe.
Tin: Comi'Iiaint or thi: 1'rori.n.
"When the people complain," said iv wise
mull, "tho iieoplo aro iilwaysright." Tho
long-sutlering of tho poor under tho in
oiiuallties of fortune is it phenomenon
which, us long us it lasts, shows that the
spring of all tho virtues which havo at
any time done honor to humanity is still
flowing among us. Cold, hunger, linked
ness, they boar them all with Preternatu
ral patience. Kven injustice tlioy endure
till it becomes insolent. Ho long as mas
ters condescend to bo courteous, the
drudges of society accept thoir inferiority,
and honor and respeot those whom Pros'i
iletto seen' a to h ivo sot over them. Only
when tliejhuniiiti relations aro at an end.
when they find theuisevles treated as if
they were lniulo of other clav, as if they
were machines to extract wealth from the
soil, aud were row u nled sufficiently in be
ing permitted to exist, only they begin
to ask the meaning of the word gentleman,
and for what purpose tho lord and lady
aro robed In silks, aud housed in palaces,
while tho peasant doe tho work, shivers
in soiled fustian, aud is worno lodged then
his employer's cattle, .1inni ofan Kmj'
lish Abbei, ' in Ssri!nifr..
V'amr, Much do mon love fame.
Much do they seek after it. Hut is this
an object truly worthy to man? No. Ho
w ho lives forjamo alone is as likely so be
it demon as a man. Ho is a, boggarf ask
ing that which others may givo without
asking, if they givo at all. He lives for
the shittlow, mnl not the reality. Fame
that is lived for is a bubble, hollow aud
thin, which bursts in attempting to secure.
To live tor fume, is to miss it. To make
this the object of life is to fail. Heal famo
is that which follows, not that which is
run after; that which comes, not that
which is f light. He who lives nobly be
cause he loves what is true and good, se
cures fame as tho freo gift of those who
know him. Honest speech , brave dtvds,
heroic sacrifices, saintly lis-es, bring true
fame. Nothing else can. Th JS'uion.
At a mkan of avoldiui rxplosious in tho use
of livdrogv-n apparatus, Fresemu says the gat
may bo passed through a tubo contaiuiug a
uutnber of small disc ot Ano wire placed be
Jr " "fVSHIktiu '
One of tho most formidablo looking, though
in reality, onu of tho most harmless of reptiles.
Their distiiiguishiiig peculiarities are thu long
flap or fold ot skin under the throat, similar
to the dewlap ot oxen; two series of small
palatal teeth, tho long compressed tail, and
the serriitid rest that runs along the back. lis
very fonnidable nmx'iirnnco seems to protect
it from animals Hint would otherwise prey
upon it. It is very nimble, being nblo to run
ulong tho ground or climb trees with surpris
ing dexterity. It lives in warm climates,
being chletly found in South America, the
West Indies, and Australia. Somo iguanas
live on iinitiuil, some on vegetable food. They
are arboreal in their habits, generally living
ill trees. Their flesh is very delicate, said to ie
senible chhkeii, and is much sought uterus
mi article of food by Ihu natives vt the coun
tries in which they are found. Thev nro princi
pally huiiKd In spring. The upeeles found in
Australia differs from tho American in hnviug
neither dewlap nor scales, iu being much
longer tiimio being twelve feet long), and ii.
said to lie poisonous.
Specimens of the nbovo may bo found at
Woodward's gardens, to the courtesy ot whose
malinger, Air. Henry Andrews, we nro indebted
for the illustrations.
An uneasy boy, whoso mothor tried to
to (iiiiot him on tlio Dos Moinos Valley
train tho other day, by telling him that
tho conductor sometimes swallowed
naughty boys, astonished lior a fow mo
ments after, as the portly form of the
conductor nppeared at tho door, by creep
ing behind her aud exclaiuiiug in a whis
per: "Ma, I guess that conductor has
swallowed ono nl ready 1"
Ihe nKTKCTioN or I)kath. The late Mar
ipiis d'Ourche, one of whose friends was buried
alive, left a sum of 20,000 francs to tho French
Academy of Medicine, to be given to tho in
ventor of a simple processor nseertiiiniugwheu
death bus really occured, aud a further sum of
n.tKXI francs to be awarded to tho discoverer of u
scientific method of verifying death. Alto
gether IW essays were sent in for adjudication,
Most of the papers contained such absurd sue
Ktstions that the list was practically limited fo
UJ comivetitors. The Urge prize was not
awarded, lint the 5,000 fraucs were divided be
tween four competitors. No new facts, likely
to eularge the domain of forensic medicine,
havo been elucidated by these investigations.
ANkw Matkiuai. oa Ink, Moigno states
that the juice of the eorliri Mymlolti, or iuk
plant o( New Granada, re-ists most chemical
sgeuts better than ordiuarv ink. When used
fresh, the writiug is rvddi'.h. but it become
black in a few hours. It does not corrode
stcel-pcus, and cannot be removed from paper
by sea-water, on which account it sens moil for
all imblio documents when New (irauada was
under Spanish dooiiuioti, under the name of
Kmiusji I.iun AND Silvsiu The keeper ol
mining records reports, in the year 1S72, tsJ.Oiy
tous of lead ore, of the value of jC1.Hi3.1G5,
were raises! and sold in the United Kingdom;
aud that there was produced from these ores
C0,45o tons, 15 owts. ot lead, of the value ot
l,i09,U5, ndC28,9iO oru. ot silver, of the
value- of 157,230. Therefore, iu 100 tons of
ore- theps wer 72 Ions of lead, and iu a ton of
load 10,-t ou. ot silver.
Law of Transmission.
The lltrald of Health, In answer to a corres
pondent, republishes Dr. Hongh's observations,
with comments, as follows:
1. In general, children of both sexes resem
ble their mother more than their father in
physiognomy, habits, constitntion and tem
perament. 2. Usually boys resemble their mother more
than their father, in physiognomy, habits, con
stitution and temperamont. In the same rela
tionship girls resemble their father moro than
3. As to whether there is any constant rela
tionship between tho physiognomical resem
blance and a predisposition to the diseases of.
the person resembled, it ia very difficult to de
cide from the data at hand ; but it would appear
from the few facts in which any observations
weto made in this direction, that there was a
largo percentage of cases in which inherited
diseases were exhibited where there was such
physiognomical similitude. In other words,
children havo resembled ono parent in general
physiognomy, while they bavo inherited tho
constitutional peculiarities and diseases of the
other moro frequently than where they have
derived both these conditions from (one) the
In general, then, hereditary, and acquired
diseases and defects aro more likely to be trans
mitted to offspring of tho sex in which they
originated, and thereafter to be snbject to the
principle of sexual limitation, either directly
(rem tho parent to child, or by interrupted or
atavic descent, from grandparent to graudcbild.
Though sons aro usually best ablo to follow
tho advocation of their fathers, it is undoubt
edly true thnt men iuherit tbo cenins. talent
and intellectual excellence and morality of their
mother or mother's father, whilo daughters
inherit the satno quality from their fattier or
Females moro frequently transmit hereditary
diseases nnd dofects than males, though thev
less frequently exhibit them. Males less fre
quently transmit, ami moro irequentiy oxmuu,
iuberited diseases nnd defects.
Tho reason that females do not exhibit hered
itary dlsenBo ns frequently as malts is because
ol a higher degree of vitality iu them which
gives them greater power to restrain the ap
pearance of tlio predisposition, and nil inferior
degree of development evolution, retaining in
their constitution as germs what in men, be
come fully developed diseases and defects.
Topical Application of Heat.
A correspondent of tho Boston .oiirrml of
CUtmhtry recommends tho topical application
of dry heat instead of cloths moistened with
hot water, fuslous of hops or other plants, in
cases whero these remedies aro usually em
ployed. He considers this application much
better than moist applications, an the Utter,,
when they becomo cold, often chill tho parts,
nnd require to bo frequently renewed nnd re
applied. In making tho application of dry heat
ho has sought for the best medlnm, and instead
of sand and other substances, of which tho
weight is objectionable, ho proposes to substi
tute ordinary Indian nioal, which is of very
light weight and not unpleasant in odor, and
holds heat for a very long tlmo. In regard to
the bent-holding qualities of the meal ho speaks
" This latter fact I noticed when a mere boy,,
finding that corn meal would, after grinding,
bear several miles' transportation, aud, after
delivery and deposition in tho bins of tho
granary, would for hours still bo warm from
the frlctiou of grinding. When, therefore, it
Is desired to apply dry heat to any person, it
is only required to placo a quantity of the In
dian meal in a baking nan on a heated stove,
and stir constantly till thoroughly warmed. It
should not bo burnt. It can now bo put into
woolen sacks nud tied up and applied ns a hot
bottle usually is, or into largo flannel bags, if
for the abdomen. In n ease of Riirwuafnl rni.
citation of n now-born child, Ihe heated meal
was poured into an oblong chopping tray, a
(laurel cloth laid o' er it, and the infant iu it.
Tho cloth yielded, and tho child was partly
buried in tho warm meal. It is fonud thnt tho
meal retains its hent long, and when it cools
it does not chill, which is a very important con
sideration. Two sets of bags or wrappers may
be provided, so that whilo on its being applied
tho other may bo heated. Tho meal Is not
weighty. The aroma of It when heated is rather
agreeable than otherwise."
Diseases of Artisans and Mechanics.
A careful invesligatlon has been mado of the
special diseases incideut to tho occupation of
artisans and mechnules. nud thx fnllnsrliu. .
somo of tho most iuterestiugamoug the mass of
mem iiiiii uniii orougui 10 llgut:
It appears that Rilder are Btibject to mercu
rial nflectlons. lhey suDer from giddiness,
asthma, and very freonentU- from n,.nl,,i .,..
ulysis, which, of leu induces a peculiar kind of
on.iuiueiiiiu.-, luey mso irequentiy sutler from
unpleasant ulcers in tho mouth.
Miners iu tho quicksilver mines suffer from
vertigo, palsy nud convulsions, nn.l il, oc
cupation cannot be pursard a long lituo.
Pottery glazers, who nso lead largely, get
into a conditiou very.similar to that described
above, wilh tho rd lition of dropsy, loss ot teeth,
aud enlarged spleen. Palsy of the limbs, es
pecially of the arms, Is n common disease amonc
ll... t, ma .iljn I. ,1
"M' "a ii-u IS SUUSIllUpilOIl,
Glius-blowers are the victims of those, affec
tions produced by Midden vicissitudes of tein
peraturo rheumatism and various inflamma
tions. They are apt to become thin and doli
cute, sod their eyos get weak.
Stone-cutters inhalo the sharp particles,
which tend to produco disease of the lungs,
while plateierssufftr from thogaufsdUeuguged
and from excessive moisture they are also
troubled with labored breathing, aud they di
riusioLoov. Prof. Garrou has set up a hy
pothesis that nerve force is geiwrated by ther
mo electricity, generated by the difl'erencti in
temperature of tho Insido und outside of tho
body. The experiments ot men exposed for a
long time to a temperature equuliug tho blood
heat appear not to favor this hypothesis, be
causo notwithstanding it must be acknowledged
that such a temperature is not promotive of
health or comfort, the simple fact that man can
live in an atmosphere of which the temiieratnre
equals that of the interior of the body, is a
proof that nerve forco does not depend oil this.
It depeuds ot course on the consumption of
food, absorption of oxvgen by the act ot respi
ratiou, aud tbo continual repairs of all the tis.
sues, nervous and muscular, by the materials
contained iu the blood.
Vomoxino dt Plants and Insects. A stand
ing autidote for poison by oak, ivy, etc., is to
take a handful of quick-lime, dissolve it in
water, let it stand halt an hour, then paint the
poisoned parts with it. Three or four applica
tions will never fail to euro tho most aggravated
case. Poison from bees, hornets, spider-biles,
eto., is instantly arrested by the application of
equal parts of common salt and bicarbonate of
oda, well robbed in on the place bitten or
sluug. Boston Journal of CAontstry.