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About Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 28, 1872)
$2,50 por Year, in Advtmco
NOTICK TO Sl'BSCHIBEHN.
The dalo nppenrlUK alter the printed
name on the paper In the date of the
FXPIKATION or nbeerlptlon.
Dcstructhe Fire In Portland.
Wo copy the following from tho
Bulletin of Monday last :
At half past nine o'clock Sunday
forenoon a tire was discovered In a
wooden building on tho cast side of
Front street, In this city, by Police
man Mercer, who gavo the Depart
ment the alarm from No. 1 bell, wliluh
lifniMvltf tn Mm ftnotiA m t lin llri run mil !
forco of tho city firemen. The firemen '
were quickly stationed in positions for
active sorvieo, out noi uiuu uie lire
had made such headway as to be for a
timo wholly beyond control. The
result is most disastrous. There have
been destroyed over twenty buildings
lying between Morrison street on tho
south and "Washington street on the
north, for tho space of two full blocks
on tho east Hide of Front street and
thrco fourths of tho block on the west
side of Front street between Morrison
OKKIl.V OK THE KIHK.
Tho flro was originated In a careless
manner by some Chinese, who were
boiling pitch and tr, which wn being,
USCd hi' them to till cracks 111 the lloor
OI iiicirupnriiiieiiis. iiii'iiuujm nun
to make the flooring waterproof, so
-. -r ..-.,. m .!n1. nA. nnA
that in their washing operations there
should bo no leakages upon tho ten
ants below them on the wharf. Ono
of tho kettles In M'lilch the composi
tion was being prepared boiled over
into the Are, and throw tho Celestials
Into such n terrible fright that they
wero powerless to do anything to stop
tho spreading of tho flames, oven if
they had been possessed of senso
enough to do anything.
BI'IIRAD OK THE KI.AMKS.
The wholo row of buildings adjoin
ing that in which tho flro originated
was of tho most inflanimablo materi
als, and burned with the quickest flash
and wonderful rapidity. From Kast
& Richards' to tho corner of Alder
street tho entire row was soon envel
oped, and the crackling embers wero
carried across tho street, to Carter's
flue, largo thrco story building. Tho
Franklin Book Store, a lire-proof
brick, was burning simultaneously
with Carter's building and the Intcn
sest heat was thrown out, with a
brisk wind from tho southeast, which
caused tho greatest consternation on
First street. When It seemed impos
sible to stay tho progress of the
flames, everything moveable was
taken out from tho Tost Office,
tho Occidental Hotel, and places of
business ou tho east sldo of First Htreet
from Morrison to Alder. Luckily this
was unnecessary and tho flro was
stopped in tho center of the block
before reaching First street. It was
thotigbt at nan-past leu wto u
tho tiro would ue subdued at Alder
street, ou tho east side Front, but In
n.iu nil worn mistaken. It kept down
tho wharves until Washington street
was reached, and four more fine i brick
buildings owned by Messrs. H. W.
Corbctt, Jas. W. Cook, O. Rlsley und
Wm. Masters, besides several twp
story frame buildings, Mere wholly
destroyed before the flro was under
control at twelve o'clock. Tho heat
from this row caused damage to the
fireproof bricks on the west sldo or
At tho root or Aider street mere was
vniit accumulation of Inflammable
":r.-i.1. . -ul..,. lin.ilr trnnl
with many thousand, of feet or planed
and seasoned lumber and several nun-
dredcsofdry wood. Tills led the1
lira across tho street and around In tho
re of tKick buildings occupied by
.G. Walling, job printer, G. L Hlb-'
baiaCo produce and commission
merchants i. B. Congle, saddler and
Cbw. HopklM, hardware dealer.
wi.m KMiiAinm. withstood the flames
w - o- "'---; - .. . ,... l
1GWII w - a - . -
Mf ab tn a names huiuuvuij
thought tho American fcxcnaiige
building must go. Butjust before the
flit retched thU point the wind, which
bad been blowing freshly from the
south, suddenly veered around and
ort Kea't SrSTSS " V : ; building; $10,000.
ffilMoff burning cord wood In Jlieir Partially ," . f, $, ...
curried the heat back toward tho iIIh.
trlet already burnt over. Here the
KIHK WAS CHECKED.
, At half-past twelve o'clock It was
found that there need be no further
i fears of the tiro spreading and It was
I Indeed mot fortunate that it was
enecKcu wnere it was, because the
next building In the Hue to be destroy
ed was the American Exchange Hotel
a largo frame structure, of sufficient
material to give the tire a fresh start
that would be sure to end In double
the amount of damage which we have
to record as It K
INCIDENTS AND C ASCIITIE.
In the heat of the lire the north wall
of Carter's building fell out Into Alder
street wiin a tcrriuio erasn, paruany
uuryiiijr in tue ruins several men
some of whom Including James Galla
gher, Foreman of No. 4 Fire Company,
who, it Is feared, cannot survive their
Injuries. Itobcrt Holniau, Roliert
Austin, and young man named Moores
were alo carried of. "badly hurt. l,ater,
in the afternoon, Thomas Ityan was
badly injured by a falling wall at
Corbet t'H building, on Front street.
Two book binderies and n largo Job
printing office, tho latter owned by A.
O. Walling, were destroyed by the loss
of the row on Front street, below Aider.
J ' 'c '' ' Yrec of p nt ng by
u T MopM-ml..!.- W. miitnraTnml
in Air. waiting's omce was 1110 aihui-
"' ....... ..v ,.......v..
that not even so much as a proof-
sheet or page of the cntiremanuscripts
or this important work was saved.
Even tho notes and memoranda made
by tho principal compiler, J. M. Mur
phy, wero lost. Some or Mr. Volluni's
material was saved, but not enough to
bo of use to him, and besides this he
had a largo quantity of work on hand
which goes the way of tho rest.
Tho malls were all taken out of tho
Post Office and removed to a place or
safety. This was a wise precaution,
as It seemed for a tlmo very certain
that tho wholo building In which tho
Post Office is situated would go. In
tho afternoon tho malls wero returned,
but tho office was so torn up and dis
arranged that business could not nt
once bo resumed. The partition in
which tho boxes were situated was all
torn out to admit the passago or tho
hose and firemen through tho building
so as to bring streams to bear ou tho
mass of burning materials in tho rear.
J. B. Congle's stock of saddlery and
harness, ns well as furnishing goods
in his line, was wholly destroyed. No
effort was mado to save any portion
or tho stocks In that locality. It
would have been useless.
ItECAI'ITULAHOK OK LOSSES.
H. J. MeCormlek, books and station
ery; $27,000. $5,000 Insurance In
C. H. Woodard & Company, drugs;
$18,000. 59,500 lusurance-artlally
In tho Phauilx, and balanco in other
William Currier, clothier, $30,000.
About $25,000 Insurance.
CM. Carter, building at corner or
First and Alder; S35.000; adltlonal on
opposite sldo or First, $5,000 total,
$40,000. $25,000 Insurance.
O. L. Hlbbard, grain dealer: $10,000.
$3,000 lnsurancoln Union.
Charles Hopkins, hardware; $15,
000. $2,500 Insurance.
O.W. Vaughn, buildings and wharf;
$30,000.' No Insurance
Mathews & Pickering, lum!cr, $10,
000. No Insurance.
Charles Welberg, Dunning; i&,-
B. Congle, saddlery; Sl,OW.
Slfi.000 lllHUmnCO 111 PIlOMllX.
A'. O. Walling, Job printer; $1,000.
$2,500 Insurance. . -
E. Cohlln, boots and shoes; $7,000.
Kast & Richards, boots and shoes;
$10,000. No Insurance.
Flager A Harris, clothiers, $3,000.
B. Ii. Stone, Jeweler, $.,500. $3,000
insuranee-equally divided betwoen
. T..,.. :.,w li
noo limumnee In the Union.
Occidental Hotel, damages In mov
ing goods; $2,000. No Insurance.
K. Marks, tailor; $2,500. No Insurance.
VUV I " -"( .r....... - - . -- -F
J. Harrison. Oriental Saloon; $1,500. 1 threo fourths of the farmers of Old ! Wiley llnulnmn and Mr. Drowry
Nnllu"rvlfi('' i in i -, Linn will put their tluiinlw to their 1 HwlgcH, of llonton county, nay tho
NnsimMM!" y nosCS nml my HlBiilllcnntly to Hen ' yield on their farm where tho drill
P.O. Stewart, jeweler; $4,000. No Jlolladay, "We don't know you." was u-hm! far exceeded their expec
Insurance. A word to the farmers of T.lun: (atlons, nml they say they would not
S" O00en,Nor Insurance l"l,fcc,,0liew'' j You hnvo boon In tho habit of going he without the drill hereafter, ns tho
VJ. Jubltz. Occidental Hath-rooms: . o tho warehouses mul getting sacks 'extra yield per acre would pay for
$2,000. No Insurance.
A i K
" J. M.U MeCov, policeman; SHOD In I
furniture and clothing. No lnsur -
nn,Sre" . ....,,. . . i
ho'nseflNo teES.'" W"K'
Bailey & Wnll, saloon; $3,600. No
i. j. uniiitiiu, i;iriier-suup, ?i,iuu.
K.W. ltyan, J. P., Court records
destroyed; $1,000. No Insurance.
Beck fc Waldman, clothiers, $1,000.
John Clark, saddler; $1,000. No
Win. MeAuley, liquors; $250. No
A. A. Colin, dealer In hides 250.
E. F. Russell, personal property;
1,000. No Insurance.
C. E. Dubois, furrier, by moving
goods; 500. No insurance.
S. Levy, toys; 1,000. No Insurance.
P. Coakley, saloon; 1,000. No In
surance. Hall & Hanley, wood dealers; 1,000.
Besides the above, there are many
others who suH'ercd looses ranging
from one thousand to ono hundred
dollars, whose names are too numerous
to mention. Tho total sum of tho
losses, tho Bulletin says, amounts to
$411,170, or which $111,000 Is covored
with insurance. Thousands or dollars'
worth or property destroyed nro not
Included In tho above list. In
most cases we havo only been able to
secure the amount of stock on hand,
exclusive of the buildings which In
nil probability belongs to nnothor
party. Large amounts of property
wero lost or destroyed In tho hasto at
tending tholr unceremonious removal.
Thousands or dollars' worth were
soaked beyond all redemption.
LKTTKK FK0X LINK COl'XTY.
Ei. Farmkk: Probably n few linos
from this wheat - growing county
might bo of somo Intcrost to tho
many readers of your most valuable
In tho first place, I would say that
wo havo had ono of the finest fulls
and winters so far for farming pur
poses that ono could wish for, and
the farmers generally hnvo been
making good uso of this golden op
portunity by plowing and sowing,
there being moro plowing done than
over bofore in this county. Thus far
tho prospect for a large wheat crop
next year In this county Is very
Tho suplus of wheat on hand of
Inst year's crop Is probably ono half
of what was produced last year in
this county, or nearly so, being held
for better nrlces and lower freights.
ns it costs ono fourth of tho amount
sold to convoy tho other three fourths Recollect, economy is tho ground
to Portland; or, in other words, tho work of our experimenting, and, If
farmer has to give ono peck out of economy Is worth anything, let us
every bushel to get tho remaining p have. 'l "li-
three pecks taken to Portlond. Now I hnvo nmdo some considerable In
you will plainly co why ono half of qulry In different localities, and find
the wheat produced In this county, that thoio persons who havo used
lust year remains unsold. Rut wo i tho drill this last season speak of It
farmers anticipate n change in this jas superior to the broadcast system
ruinous system as soon as tho Locks of sowing wheat. Mr. 8. J. Arch!-
are thrown open and the Company's
boats smoothly glide over tho pure
waters of tho Willamette. Thon tho
wharves In Portland will bo literally
crammed with wheat, taken by tho
Company's boats at fair rates. Then
to haul your wheat to tho wurehouso
,n' for tho l,urJ)OS0 r storing your
whent in. This moile of procedure
has been quite an accommodation
trom the warehouseman to you, yet
Ht thp ""p . '"" "I th W,ru-
houseman quite an advantage over
lie ships your wheat In the
sacks that you filled and sowed upnt
1 home, as fast ns you haul your wheat
I to the warehouse, In which it rarely
ever remains two months, und In
I many Instances not half that tlirio,
j mid the farmer is charged live cents
per bushel .storage for the same when
I the wheat Is half way to Liverpool,
I Its plnco of destination; yet tho far -
mer is virtually giving the ware-
houseman u capital to work on, with-
out ft dollar's outlay from himself.
Still the farmer imys the five per
cent., while his wheat Is halfway or
moro to Llvoriiool. Now, Farmers
of Linn, would it not he better for
you to procure your own sacks,
which can lie done at Portland nt
fair rates nml ou sixty or ninety
days' time, and ship your own wheat,
thus saving the flvo per cunt, which
you havo been In tho habit of giving
to tho warehouso, and expend tho
sanio in graveling tho public high
way, which, when done, will enable
you to take your wheat to ninrkot,
wlionovcr tho prices will Justify you
In selling, and bo of vast importance
to tho traveling public besides '.'
Theso suggestions 1 merely offer
ns u remedy in part for the gross
outrages practiced against tho pro
ducers mid tax-payers of th Is county.
In No. 33 of the Faumiui I notice
that Mr. Flulayson challenges my
self mul Judgo Uubour to meet him
on Mr. Luper's farm next spring,
and there sow flvo acres of wheat
each, ho (Finlaysou) by tho broad
cast system, and I or Judge Rnliour
with tho drill, and then and there, I
suppose, test tho merits ami demer
its of sowing wheat by either of
theso processes. Now, Mr. Kditor,
this Is just to my hand, as I shall be , intruded on your patience, as I have
happy to meet Mr. Flulayson ou Mr. j extended these suggestions much
Luper's farm, und I will show to Mr. ' longer than I Intended nt tho com
Flulayson or nnyliotly else that econ- j mencement of this article,
omy is the groundwork of accuiiiu-, C. I'. IIl'kkiiaut.
lation und prosperity, and that no' Albany, Dec. 1!0, 187:!.
man can prosper without ho learns
to economize. I will rule Mr. Flu -
layson down to sixty-five pounds of' from till tho States glvo Grant .'1,097,
wheat to bo sown to tho acre, und I 771; Greeley, 2,8r0,8,TJ. Grant's ma
will sow tho same amount with thojjorlty, 710,028. Tho fotul vote was
drill. You must use only one spun IG.IIUJOI, agiilnst.,710,7881ntho year
ot horses, as I will uso but one spun
bald informs mo that tho drltted-ln
' Ism. 4 nm l(f.J .W... Inul ftA ..I..1.1...I
about flvo bushels per aero moro
than tho broadcast sowing did.
Mr. David Ilouk says his wheat that
was drilled in was far the best. Mr.
Volume IVt Numbor 45.
mo irm in one year's sowing on ti
common-sized farm. W. C. Powell
says that while ho was Imvlng two
headers .un during last harvest, he
found Invariably where the drill had
been u.ed In sowing the yield was
heavier than where the broadcast
wnsused. lie also says It would be
far better for the farmers who con-'
template heading their grain crops'
to use tho drill, as the grain invaria
bly annuls up the best, and or course
can be better taken euro of nml u
much neater job done.
Mil I i .a . 1.1
i ins smieiuoiii oi .Mr. rowoirs
alone Is of vital liiiportunce to tho
1 fanner who heads his grain, because
the need of some process or other to
prevent the wheat from straw-fall
lug, so that tho header may bo able
to do the work us it should bo done,
Is of great benefit mul economy to
tho producer. Now, It Is my earn
est conviction thnt tho grain drills
nro the lulwr-suvlug machine for the
farmer to use, as It liehooves ovory
farmer who makes this part of the
farming industry his special pursuit
to economize ns much us osslhlc,
especially where ho profits by sa do
ing. As l tun not it manufacturer of
cither the driller the broadcast seed
sower, or a capper for either, I think
I am capable of satisfying myself of
the merits of these machines. On
the other hand, I do not Mipposo I
could convince, If I wero to try, my
friend I'lnliiyhoii, us he Is tho getter
up of n broadcast seed-sower, and Is
ulao u manufacturer of the same.
Ills seed-sower Is u very good onu of
the kind, In fact Is u line machine,
und I urn proud to hnvo machinery
manufactured in this country, and
would like If Mr. Myers, of tho Sa
lem Agricultural Works, would get
tho right to manufacture tho Stager
drills here, us u vast amount of mo
ney would thus bo saved to the State
which now goes nway to pay for the
In conclusion, I hope I have not
1 F.I.i:TION'Rktuiinh. Thurotiirns
1818. Increuso In four years, 727,810.
Philip Ritz, who Is now out ou the
survey of tho proponed Walla Walla
and Grand Rond railroad, reports the
routo much more favorable than was
expected. The grade coming out of
the I'liiutllladoes not exceed 60 feet to
tho mile, although the obstruc
tions are vastly less tiiun wasexpected.
Wo learn by private letter from a
gentleman In Oyiterville, that Pacific
county was considerably shaken up by
an earthquake ou Tuesday night, De
cember 18. The shock commenced at
10-30, lasting about ten seconds, the
vibration being north and south. Na
damage but thy people were aaiue who. t