The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, July 22, 1949, Page 1, Image 1

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Mrs. Clark Signs a Receipt
WIiv Garden?
There are a lot o good reason
and except ionallj good result.
In The Statesman'i feature sectiea
Sunday.
POUNDBO 1651
99th YEAR
20 PAGES
Tha Oregon Statesman. Salem. Oregon. Friday. July 22. 1949
PRICE So
No. 125
mm m
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WASHINGTON, July 21 Mrs. Georgia Nees Clark, first woman to
become treasurer of the United States, today signs a receipt to take
1 custody of $27,424.54 1.375.7SH in paper money, silver, gold coins
i and government securities beld in the treasurer's vaults here. Watch
lug is Michael Slindee who has been actinic treasurer. (AP Wire
photo to The Statesman) (Story on page 2.)
t-
Congressmen Given
Okeh to Quiz Vaughn
SQ3I3QS
WD
Dr. BohusBenes, visiting pro
fessor at Willamette university,
nephew of the late Dr. Edouard
Benes, president of Czechoslov
akia, in two lectures at Waller hall
has discussed the plight of his
country: deserted by France and
England In 1938 and then over
run by nazl Germany; and ten
years latn'artlur liberation by
Russia, brought within thefUis
hian orbit by a communist coup.
Dr. Benes (expressed profound
faith that his country will regain
its independence. Internal revolu
tion is not probable as a means of
escape because of the way the po
lice state operates. Military inter
vention from outside, thinks Dr.
Benes, is not required. Instead he
pins his hope on unremitting
pressure from the west, especially
from the United States, to crowd
Russia back within its former
borders.
Czechoslovakia suffers from be
ing a small nation lying across the
path of larger and more powerful
nations. Thus Austria enveloped
old Bohemia and for 300 years it
was ruled by the Hapsburgs. Lib
eration came with the collapse of
the central powers in the first
world war. Czechoslovakia was a
child of Wilson's famous doctrine
of self-determination of peoples.
Its constitution literally was
"made in America." Successively
It became a victim of nazi and
then of communist penetration
and aggression. Its restoration as !
an independent nation will not
come unless there is a crackup in
Russia or is forced by pres
sures, diplomatic or military,
from the outside. In brief
Continued on Editorial page.)
French Liner on
Maiden Vovage
LeHAVRE, France, July 21-0-The
45,330-ton French liner He
DeFrance, fourth largest ship a
float, sailed today for -New York
on her first postwar voyage.
Boarding the ship at LeHavre
for the maiden voyage of the com
pletely reconditioned ship were
882 passengers. Another 305 were
booked to board at Southampton.
During the war the He DeFrance
was a troop transport.
Animal Cracker
By WARREN GOODRICH
"Ever sine At listened to
a radio progrsm A saves not A
Ing bet box tops"
WASHINGTON, July 21 -iffy-President
Truman gave congress
the go-ahead today if it wants to
question his military aide, Maj.
Gen. Harry Vaughan, about Wash
ington "five percenters."
At the same time the president
said he does not believe Vaughan
is involved in "five per center"
operations.
Senator Hoey (D-NC). subcomr
mittee chairman. Said that Vau
ghan will be called if he has any
thing important to tell. Vaughan
has been quoted as saying he
knows about 300 five percents in
Washington.
At his news conference today
the president was asked whether
he had decorated Vaughan in a
mock ceremony at the White
House. Newsweek magazine said
Vaughan was given a mock medal
because of his angry encounter
with newspapermen who tried to
ask him about Washington five
percenters. It was then that Vau
ghan said he knew about 300. of,
them in Washington. '
The Incident occurred "it the
Washington Union station when
Vaughan and his family returned
from a vacation trip to Guatemala
July 6.
Vaughan was asked who paid
for the Guatemala trip. He re
plied that it was "nobody's god
damn business" but added that
each passenger paid his cvn way.
Italy Approves
Atlantic Pact
By Big Margin
ROME. July 21 -&- Italy's
chamber' deputies i?noi eel a
protest from Soviet Russia and
approved the North Atlantic
treaty 323 to 160 today. i
Approval by tlfe senate, expect
ed by a slighter margin, will com
plete parliamentary ratification.
The signature of President Lujs
Einaudi will make it official.
Russia charged yesterday in
notes to- the United States. Brit
ain, France and Italy that Italy
violated terms of her peace treaty
when her government signed the
Atlantic ;pact by invitation of the
western i powers. The United
States, Britain and France were
accused of responsibility.
G r;i rige Head A skfe
Query Into Retail
Prices of Foods
PORTLAND. Ore.. July 21 -(Pi
The master of the Oregon State
Grange asked today for a con
gressional investigation of food
prices, saving farmers were being
blamed : for distributors' mark
ups. Morton Tompkins charged that
farm prices on many commodities
have dropped to "ruinously loW"
levels, but that retail prices haVe
not.
He declared that many retail
prices are due to "high mark-ups
by processors and distributors."
and asked the secretary of agri
culture and Oregon congressmen
for a "full-scale congressional in
vestigation." Red Troops Close on
Cliangslia Rail Center
CANTON, China, Friday, July
22(Ar-Privat reports from the
central China war front early to
day placed red spearheads only 16
miles from Changsha. nationalist
defense center 400 miles by rail
north ot Canton.
The communist; were reported
driving i from the northeast and
north. They already had entered
Hunan, fice-rieh province of which
Changsha is the capital.
TINY TOT DROWNED
ASORIA, July 21 A)- Sandra
Patterson, 5. tumbled from her
boat house home into the John
Day river today and drowned. :
Mouse Scuttles Brannan Plan
Subsidy
Measure
Downed
WASHINGTON, July 21 -iffy-In
a major defeat for the Truman
administration, the house today
scuttled the Brannan farm sub
sidy plan 239 to 170 and voted to
continue the present price Support
program through 1950.
The Brannan plan, offered by
the secretary of agriculture, would
let the market price of perishable
foods drop to their natural level.
If they went below a point con
sidered fair to farmers, the gov
ernment (meaning the taxpayers)
would pay subsidies to the far
mers. Under the present program, the
government keeps surpluses off
the market by means of purchases
and loans. Prices of major com
modities are supported rigidly in
this way at 90 per cent of parity,
which is a price aimed at giving
the farmers a "fair" purchasing
power. Any losses on such opera
tions are made good by the tax
payers. The bill continuing this program
another year was passed and sent
to the senate on a vote of 383 to
25 but the previous roll call by !
which the Brannan plan was beat
en, 239 to 170, was the crucial
test.
The house also made another
major decision shouting approval
of an amendment to kill the Aiken
Farm law enacted by the republican-controlled
80th congress.
Set to become effective in 1950.
This law would permit a flexible
60 to 90 per cent of parity sup
port for major crops,
A democratic-republican coali
tion, headed by Rep. Gore (D
Tenn.) took complete charge of
the house, and not even a personal
appeal by Speaker Rayburn could
save the day for the administra
tion. Many men such - as . Gore
and Monroney of Oklahoma who
have supported many administra
tion bills, joined the opposition to
the Brannan plan. '
Video Aids to
Disarm Shells
PORTLAND. July 21-(P)-High
explo.-ive shells returned from the
Pacific areas will be made harm
less via television and remote con
trols at a plant at Ordnance, Ore.
Pl-ns for the installation were
revealed by the army corps of
eningeeis.
Big '"block busters" and lesser
mt.-siles will be anchored on a
"work mounting pier." Wrenche
will be adjusted to the detonators
and the actual turning of the tools
be guided via television from be
hind concrete and steel barricades.
The engineers will work from a
distance of 163 feet. After the dis
armament, the shell power will
be salvaged and stored. The cas
ings will be cleaned, repainted and
packed away for any emergency
future need.
Sweet Home Finn to
Install Radio System
SWEET HOME, July 21 (Spe
cial) The West Gat Lumber
company of Sweet Home today
received word it has been granted
permission from the federal com
munications commission to install
a ; short wave radio system from
its mill to logging operations in
Quartzville.
The information came from Ore
gon's U. S. Rep. Harrison Ells
worth in Washington, D. C.
;J. Weiss, West Gate owner, said
installation of the system will start
immediately.
T-
FDR's Unconditional Surrender
Criticized by Churchill, Bevin
I
LONDON, July 2MVTwo of
Britain's top wartime leaders ques
tioned today the wisdom of Pre
sident Roosevelt's "unconditional
surrender" policy toward Ger
many. They were Winston Churchill
who nodded agreement at Casa
balanca when President Roosevelt
first announced such a fight to
the finnish in 1943 and Foreign
Secretary Ernest Bevin, who was
labor minister in Churchill's war
cabinet. i
Both Bevin and Churchill also
criticized fluctuations in the Am
erican attitude toward the dis
mantling of German war plants.
They attacked the so-called
Morgenthau plan which Churchill
himself initialed with Roosevelt at
Quebec, in 1944. This called for
turning postwar Germany into a
farming country by stripping away
her industry. Th plan subsequent
Civil D.efensei Posts Filled
Mews Leak
Louis E. Starr
To Head New
State Agency
Appointment of Louis E. Starr.
Portland, as director of civil de
fense under a law of the 1949
legislature, was announced by
Gov. Douglas .. McKay Thursday.
Starr, a practicing attorney,
formerly served as national commander-in-chief
of the Veterans
of Foreign Wars and as con
sultant to the American delega
tion at the United Nations con
ference.
Members of the civil defense ;
advisory council, also provided j
under the new act. are Paul B. i
McKee. Irving D. Winslow. Harry
C. Brumbaugh. Claire Warner
Churchill, all of Portland, and
Clifford G. Schneider, Gresham.
Designated as deputy directors
by Governor McKay are Jack A.
Hayes, deputy state fire marshal,
Salem, representing administra
tion; Col. John M. Poorman,
Armv Transportation association,
Portland, representing transpor-1
tation; Major General Thomas E. ;
Rilea, adjutant general of Ore
gon, representing military: Dr.
Harold M. Erickson, state public
health officer, representing med-'
ical. and Manley Robinson, di
rector of the state travel bureau, !
representing public welfare.
The last legislature, in estab
lishing the state civil . defense :
. . m t. ft,, t I
agency, saia u was Decause m
increasing possibility of the oc
currence of disasters of unprece
dented sire and destructiveness
resulting from enemy attack,
sabotage or other hostile action,
or from fire, flood, earthquake or
other natural causes."
Ford Workers
File 10-Day
Strike Notice
DETROIT. July 21 -iff)- The
state of Michigan was givn of
ficial notice today of a threaten
ed stuke of 106.000 Ford . Motor
Co. employes.
The CIO United Auto Workers,
singling out Ford to spearhead its
pension and wage demands, filed
a 10-day strike notice with the
state labor mediation board.
Efforts by the board to med
iate the dispute would be "with
out avail," said UAW National
Ford Director Ken Bannon.
The notice was made manda
tory a state-conducted strike vote
among all Ford workers in Michi
gan estimated at 75.000.
It did not necessarily mean,
however, that a strike after ten
days would conform with the
state's Bonine-Tripp labor law,
which requires the vote.
Portlaml Accidents
Claim Two Victims
PORTLAND, July 2l-iffy-rwo
traffic fatalities were reported in
the Portland area today.
Hyman Reiter, 57, Portland, was
injured fatally in a collision- on
the Sunset highway west of here.
Samuel Bay less, 79, Portland,
succumbed at a hospital of injur
ies suffered when struck by a
truck here Sunday.
ly was dropped.
Churchill said he was "sorry I
put my initials to it."
Churchill, now leader of the op
position, Said he had agreed to the
Roosevelt "unconditional surren
der" policy, but only after the
term was used by the president
"without consultation with me."
"I was there on the spot and
I had rapidly to consider whether
our position in the world would
Justify me in; not giving support
to him," Churchill said.
"I did give support, but it was
not the idea I had formed in my
own mind.
"If the British cabinet had con
sidered these words around the
table they would have advised
against it
"But, working in a great alliance
with our friends from across the
ocean, we had to accommodate
ourselves to it."
Miss Salem
7 j
if Mft-sr-i; J.
; I - i i
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I
Salem's beauteous representative
at tbe Seaside "Miss Orejon '
selection pageant today and this
week end la Connie Cress, 21,
sponsored by Miller's depart
ment siore wnere sne is rm-
ployed here. Girls from cities
throughout Oregon are rompet- Vada Hill of Salem is national ! vote was 84 to u
Ing for a $1,000 scholarship and President of the women's service i Minutes later, another Watkins
entry in the Miss America eon- organization; Lorena Jack is pre- ! proposal to deny that the treaty
test. sident of the Salem Rotana clubJ obligated congress to declare war
. Registration of delegates at 6 1 or use U. S. armed forces to de-
Vets' Housing
Acreage Sold
Leo N. Child and Duane Gib
son have bought from the Otto
Klett estate the 19-.4 acres in south-
j east Salem where the veterans' j
housing project is: located. j
It was purchased subject to the '
lease which still has about two
years to run.
Consideration was said to be ,
in excess of $20,000.
The area involved Ls bounded
by Hines street on the north.
Southern Pacific tracks on the
west, South 16th street on the east
and the southern boundary lies j
just south of Wilber street. j
No change in the status of the
veterans housing units, which are
situated on land leased to the v et- ,
erans housing authority, is con
templated, said Childs.
All-Hands Safe in Crash
Of B-29 Superfortress
WISECH. Eng., July 2HP)-An
American B-29 superfortress on a
routine flight crashed and burned
near here tonight. A U. S. air
force spokesman said all 12 crew
men escaped serious injury,.
Occupants of the plane para
chuted to safety.
Capt. G. A. Harty, public rela
tions officer for the American third
division in London, said the worst
injuries were a possible skull frac
ture suffered by the pilot and a leg
fracture for another member of the
crew.
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Sal m ..
Portland
San rranciscf.
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Chicago
New Y
ork
2
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Willamette rivr -S feet.
FORECAST tfrotn US. weather bu
reau. McNary fveld, Salem : Partly
cloudy today and tonight with little
change in temperature High today
near 78: low tonight near 4S. Continued
favorable weather for all agricultural
activities.
SALEM MECrPITATIO.V
l Sept. 1 t July 2J
This Year Last Year Kormal
41.7 44 M S7J0
Truman
Public Told
Secret Meets
Not Important
WASHINGTON, July 21-4V:the United States stand in any
President Truman said today, that way. Three bitterly contested res
hts secret atomic energy meeting I ervations - - declaring that the
at the Blair house last week wasi treaty does not commit us to send
relatively unimportant and noth- i arms or go to war - -were
ing for the nation to be alarmed
about.
But he expressed considerable
anger over what he called a leak
that the meeting was td be held.
He said at his news conference
that he didn't liko that anH h
still doesn't like it.
He knows the person who leak-
ed, he said, but he refused to
divulge his name. Whether this
person will be invited to another
conference will be decided when
and if a second meeting is held,
he added.
Afterward, there were manv re-
i ports that the conference dealt
with the question whether to share
the latest A-bomb secrets with
Britain. Following another con
ference on Capitol Hill yesterday,
legislators indicated a belief that
Mr. Truman would not divulge the
secrets to the British without the
approval of congress.
He agreed with a radio reporter
that stories about the meeting were
overplayed and said that when the
facts eventually come out it will
be shown that there was no deep
dark secret in connnection with it.
However, he said, he did not in
tend to disclose what happened.
Rotana Clubs
National Meet
To Open Here
The 18th annual rational con
vention of Rotana clubs will open
in Salem today with a Marl on hn
tel luncheon for the national board,
o'clock tonight will be followed i fend a pact nation --was beaten
by a western fun night program 1 87 to 8.
in the Marion hotel's marine room. ' Opposition Vote
The McMinnviIle club will have' Two democrat.. Johnson of Col
charge of the party. j orado and Taylor of Idaho, joined
On Saturday a breakfast forlH republicans in voting against
the entire group is to be at 7:45 ' the treaty. The republicans were
o'clock, followed by an 8:30 meet -
ing which will formally open the
convention.
Guests will tour the state build
ings at 1 o'clock and attend busi
ness session In the marine room
at 2:30. The formal banquet is
set for 7 p.m., Saturday at the
Marion hotel. Neva Elliott, Port
land attorney, will be the speaker.
The national board will meet a- : The treaty becomes effective
gain at 8 o'clock Sunday, followed i when the seven original sponsor
by a trip to the beaches by char- ' ing nations approve it. All but two
tered bus. j 0f these, France and The Nether
PEACE BID REJECTED
HONOLULU. July 21-(-Em-
nlover riArtd tnHaw rrnrucnH
negotiations with Longshore Lead-
er Harry Bridges in Washington
for settlement of Hawaii's 82-day
CIO stevedore strike.
Guardsmen Ready for Trouble
' l ;
r u
r. - !
GROVELAND, Flaw Jsly 21 Florida National Guardsmen ef the
- lllth field artillery battalias are shewn manning a 50 calibre mach
ine gun at cross reads outside ! Greveland. The gaardstnea were
breaght la t yrerent farther TMlenee following eatbreak a ad
burning ef negra hemes. (AP Wlrepbet to The Statesman.)
Cordon's
No Vote
Surprise
By John B. Owen
WASHINGTON. July 21-OV
The senate, by the overwhelming
vote of 82 to 13, late today rati
fied the North , Atlantic treaty
pledging 12 nations to give mutual
aid against aggression.
All reservations were defeated.
Designed as a bulwark against
any attack by Soviet Russia, the
pact put the United States into a
military alliance with European
nations for the first time in his
tory. More Than Needed
The 82 yes votes were 18 more
than the two-thirds majority nec
essary to ratify
The senate refused to modify
swamped.
The votes came at the end of 13
days of furious debate in which
opponents of the treaty cried it
i "is likely to lead to war."
But Secretary of State Dean
! Acheson issued a statement of
1 gratification on the heels of the
j smashing victory: "The decisive
! nature of the senate vote makes
clear to me woria tne oeiermin
ation of the American people to do
their full part in maintaining
peace and freedom."
Arms Bill Next
The administration will follow
up quickly with a $1,450,000,000
arms program, of which $1,130,
000,000 would be spent to baik up
the treaty with arms for the alli
ance partners in Europe. It may
go to congress tomorrow. Unlike
the treaty, majority approval ct
both houses is required.
Most of the opponents rf the
treaty centered their fire on the
arms program
Throughout the closing day,
three republican senators fought
bitterly to get the senate to de
clare that the treaty does not com
mit this notion to share the atom
ic bomb or other arms with Eu
rope.
Reservation Beaten
Backers of the treaty said the
reservation was not necessary and
would weaken the alliance.
The reservation was beaten 74
to 21. It was offered by Senators
Wherry of Nebraska, Taft of Ohio
and Watkins of Utah.
Quickly then the senate fmoth
e red a reservation offered by
Watkins alone. It wouid have de
clared the U. VS. not obligated to
defend the North Atlantic area
j without approval by congress .The
' Cordon (Ore ), Donnell (Mo.),
1 Flanders (Vt), Jenner (Ind.),
Kem (Mo ). Langer (ND), Malone
(Nev), Taft (Ohio), Watkins
(Utah), Wherry (Neb) and Young
(SD).
One mild surprise was the vote
of Senator Cordon against the
treaty. He generally had been
listed among those expected to
i vote for it.
lands, have ratified. France may
vote this week.
EI GENE BAND NAMED
EUGENE. July 21-OVEugene's
! concert band will be the official
I band at the Oregon state fair this
fall.
i i
. . . -r-
. v -l'm V " v 'V t e, .'
How Thev Voted
WASHINGTON. July 21-
SenatorMorse CR) of Oregon
voted its on the treaty, Ccrdoo
(R) of Oregon voted no.
On tne Watkins reservation to
deny obligation of tiongress to de
clare war both senators vcted
against. They also formed a solid
block against a prdposal to deny
an obligation to us armed fcrces
without approval of congress.
Another reservation to deny r b
lightion to give military aid, in
cluding the atomic bomb to the 11
ether pact nations found Cordon
in favor and Morse; opposed.
Hospital
Drive t
Tally Set
?: I
First results off public cam
paigning for Salerrt :; Hospital ' De
velopment program's $1,1000
construction fund Will be r "-tf-d
today. ., r I
All indications were (hat rm-st
of the 300 men and women now
in the field to accept hospital
fund contribution!: wilt join in
the first report l.jnchcon tndy
at the Senator hotel. Many hv
points of general inforrliaticn 1o
straighten out; many have i
warding totals to show, for t
first three hectic days of orRriru
7ation and campaigning.
Report Success
Even though th public driv
is barely underway, several vol
unteer workers dropped by 1 K
campaign headquarters Thursday
for their second batch of rite1?
cards. Workers started! with 10
earns each and an individual goal
or $400.
The women's division orsaniid
under Mrs. Ralph Wtoodyi and Mia.
Chandler Brown reported a veri
table flurry of activity sine h
drive opened Tuesday. Some last
minute additions Werej made to
,the women's campaign f personnel
but in general the 25 womtn't
teams were well under way. Thir
field commanders .are Mrs. Arth
ur Roethlin, Mrsii Ralph Sen if r
inger. Mrs. Donald Biirke, Mrs.
Robert Wulf and Mrs. Ward Davia.
$25,000 Donated "::
While the citywide j campaign
force under general chairmanship
of Alfred W. Lourks prepared for
today's report. the: earlier-started
memorial gifts campaign posted
another $25,000 .in Idonationo
pledged., I; 1
This group's report iThursday
noon at the Marion hotel showed
several larger gifts, including a
$5,400 contribution of Sthe Curl
Gerlinger family !of Dallas, to
sponsor a private bedroom In th
new hospital part pf th develop
ment program. g f
The doctors' committee which
has undertaken to rais $11C,(10
from local doctors reported n
additional $4,160 tT bring its total
to $64,780. These arly icamraign
phases have raised $277,000 so far.
White Terrorism
Breaks Oitl Again
In Florida'; Town
POLK CITY. Fli;. July 21--A
shooting foray and cross burn
ing has fixed this ibintefland vill
age as the newest potential
trouble spot in Florida's outbreak
of white terrorism against ncRrt es.
With 300 batt!-equ)ped na
tional guard troops encamped at
Groveland, 20 miles to the nrrth,
"protective measures" were taken
here to prevent i recurrence of
last night's flareup.
. Night riders firjd 2$ shots at
random in the negro quarter i.nd
burned a cross in front bf a negro
school. No casualties were re
ported. Deputy Sheriff j Paul Jennings
said plans had been made to ccpa
with any new outbreak but did
not disclose whats they were".
NUTG ROWERS WARNED
NEWBERG. July 21 1- (T) - The
Oregon Nut Growers warned
growers today aainstjan arhid
infestation of walnut treei in thla
area, and suggested quick spray
ing with nicotine dust f
BEAN CROP READY j
SHERWOOD. July Jl-fT)-Tha
bean crop in this regiorf will begin
moving into procession plants to
morrow. Growers? report the crop
the best of recent iyeatis.
WESTER IXTEKX.VriOXAt.
At Salem . Ticom
At Yaktma S. Brertrtotj 0
At Wena tehee 5. Victoria If
At Spokane 4. Vancouver 7.
COAST LKAOt'E
At Seattle 0-3, Portland 3-4
At Oakland S. San Franctaca 1
At Sacramento-Saft Dugo
At Bollywood 1. L Ancelea
NATIONAL,! LEAGL'K
At Philadelphia S. Chicago 4
At New York a. C(nnnaU S
At Boaton 1. St. Louia
At Brooklyn t. PitUhutrh
AMUtlCAV LEAGl'K
At Detroit S, WiK;nfn 3
At Cleveland 3. New York
.At Chicago-Boaton, tratni
At St. Louis 13-3 rtuXtelptua 3-3.