The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, July 03, 1949, Page 6, Image 6

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CZECH PRIMATE Arckbishop Jowl Branr TOGETHER Alger Hiss and wife, Priscilla, ar- STUNT MAN
noW under "house-arrest." is acclaimed by rive at court where both took ; witness stand throttle of a
Vrowds after denouncing Communist tactics. to deny accusations of
trOWdS Otter denouncing tommunul taCtlCS. - IO aen f accusaiions or
Capitol Hill Ready
J.' Uf clglt ;X tf-
THERE has been a conspicuous slackening on Capitol Hill recently
of criticism against the European rearmament program. This has
been interpreted in some quarters as a sign that it, like the Atlantic
Pact, will fee. approved at this session o! Congress.
The pact must e ratihed by thobenate alone. iotn nouses must
mnrnvo thp arm? aid nrorram.
.JV.IV ...W " I O
When the lawmakers return from
their Fourth of July holiday, the
docket will be full of high priority
bills to implement the Jforeign policy.
Global Policy
Congress has approved but not yet
ppropriated funds for the second
year of the Marshall plan. The House
passed a bill authorizing $3,568,470,000
to carry the Econo.mic Cooperation
Administration (which passes out
Marshall plan funds) through fiscal
1950 but a Senate committee pro
posed cutting it so deeply that ECA
director Paul Hoffman threatened Xj
resign. .
.Sen. Arthur Vandenberg (R-Mich.)
and other sponsors of the Atlantic
Pact were disturbed somewhat over
the procedure in tyin the arms-aid
o directly to the pact's coattails. Sen
ate preoccupation with such domestic
legislative problems as labor has de
lsyed action on the pact and tended
t telescope action on the two issues
Into the final period.
Dean Acheson's return from the
Paris conference, with, a picture of
dynamic western progress in Europe
which must not be slowed down just
when the Russians show signs of
needing a breathing spell, has had
it effect in Congress. Some senators
who once "intended to write reserva
tions into the pact have declared they
would not oppose it now.
No Time to Relax
Othc,r events abroad are tending to
crystalize -the sentiment that now is
n t I he time to lose momentum in the
campaign to nalt the spread of com
n.unism. In Czechoslovakia, 'there
was being unfolded another chapter
in t:ir struggle between the Kremlin
and the Vatican.
Archbishop Josef Beran, whose 9.
Oou.OiKI ' Czech Catholics comprise
nearly three-quarters ot the pecula
tion, was denounced as an agent of
ftiegn enemies of the People's Re
public. Recently Archbishop Beran
sid in a sermon: ' Perhaps sori you
will hear all prts of things about me.
u miiy her I have' made a confes
sion . . . but no' matter .how often you
heir . . . I hope you will Relieve in
The sityation in Berlin still is not
harmonious despite the limited ac
ciid reached by the foreign ministers
at Paris. The airlift is being continued
into its secoVid year. Russian troops
have seized truck convoys of machin
ery and again western allied protests
.ate being made.
Showman Ojolden
More than 2.000 residents of Bay
siclr, Long Isl.Thd, just within the in
corporated' limits of New York City,
-jammed the estate of theatrical producer-philanthropist
John Golden
lait Sunday to prove theirs a har
monious town. "
It was an old-fashioned son fes
. dreamed up by Golden as an ex
ample of racial, religious and nation
al harmony in a small suburban com
munity. Everyone who lived in Bay
side was invited.
The more than 2,000 participated in
rollicking renditions o popular and
semi-classical songs. Choirs and
choruses from 11 local churches and
civic groups sang religious and gos-r
pel songs. -
The affair was held on the; spacious
lawnof Golden's 20-acre estate, which
slopes down to Little Neck Bay.
Golden's estate has been open to
neighbor's children for years. The
producer- built a baseball Idiamond
hr them and play areas where, they
can romp a IT they want
Golden's butler doubles as umpire-in-chief
tp settle the inevitable rhu
barbs and insure that all teams get
an' equal chance to play. -
Golden, who was 75 last Monday,
explained his open-door policy this
way: "I don't have any children, but
I'm making a fool out of the little
old woman who lived in a shoe." '
tAU Ri0hU Reserved. AP-Nrwtteaturttt
Canada & Belgium
: The Canadian Liberal Party won a
smashing political victory last week
reminiscent of the 1936 Roosevelt
landslide in the United States,
' The Liberals, headed by Prime
Minister Louis St Laurent, won 193 of
the 262 Commons seats and led in all
provinces but Al
berta in the great
est party triumph
in Canadian his
tory. The Liberal' Party
is Canada's near
est, equivalent to
U. S. Democrats.
Their chief oppo-
i nents, the Progres-
siVe Conservatives
who resemble U. S.
' ...
42 seats.
- It was a personal triumph for St
Laurent, 67, soft-spoken French
Canadian in politics only eight years,
lie became Prime Minister last fall
when : W. L. Mackenzie King retired
because of ill health.
St Laurent broadcast a promise to
work . for peace, prosperity and Lib
eral party aims. One of these is to
extend social security to include a
system of contributory health insur
ance. Canada's present social security
system encompasses a "baby bonus''
that piays all parents about $5 a month
toward each child's support.
v George Drew, former premier of
Ontario headed the Progressive Con
servative drive.
i The Liberals won 56 of 83 seats in
Ontario, 68 of 73 in Quebec. The So?
cial Credit Party, which governs Al
bertaV won 10 seats there against the
Liberals five. The Socialists took 12
seats in five provinces.
All 19 Communist candidates lost.
So did all the 15 women running.
Belgium joined the European swing
to the political right in general elec-;
tions last week. The Liberal Party,
Corresponding roughly to U. S. Re
publicans, increased its popular sup
port about 65 per cent over its 1946
showing to displace theCommunists
as Belgium's third party.
;; The Social Christians, only a little
less conservative, made, some gains
also. ;ine aociai umiswaiis luiieu vy v
three! seats, however, to obtain the
Parliamentary majority they called
for th clinch holding a referendum
on the return of exiled King Leo
pold III.
Whittaker Champers. later made
nningnr wngmwn, larer moot
CONGRESS grappled last week
with some of its most ticklish
domestic 'legislative problems
labor, housing and education
It's been; virtually seven months
since the 81st Congress, controlled
by the Democrats, started work.
Until this week, except for rent con
trol, it hadn't enacted one major item
of President Truman's campaign
promises or the party platform.
The case of labor legislation ap
peals typical of much of what Con
gress has been doing or rather what
it Wasn't been doing. It is not at all
certain ; even now that' a new labor
law' will be passed to replace the
Taft-Hartley Act
The Coalitions
The House took first crack at writ
ing it and narrowly averted passing a
bill which would have retained most
major provisions of the T-H law, get
ting rid of only its name.
In the Senate, as earlier in the
House, a coalition of southern Demo
crats and conservative Republicans
administered a crushing defeat to the
Administration. They forced inclusion
of -plant seizure and injunction pow
ers for the President in all emergency
disputes affecting national health and
The new bill, including the major
provision of the T-H law, is to go to
the House and thence to the Presi
dent u ,
Mr. Truman's veto is considered
practically a certainty and thus the
Taft-Hartley law may remain on the
uwviva vu uccuine a major issue in me
1950 Congressional elections.
The Administration ,iared better on
Monday, July 4
Independence Day.
- Anniversary (third), Philip
pines independence.
Tuesday, July 5
Venezuela's Independence Day.
Carnival of the Confederacy
opens in Vickburg, Miss.
Wednesday, July 6
Anniversary (95th), Republi
can Party, founded at Jackson,
Thursday, July 7
Anniversary (195th), Colum
bia University.
Saturday, July 9
Argentina's Independence Day.
Ymrt, Ituimitlm I'm
Gen. Eisenhower grins in an engineer's cap at DOCK j FIRE Smoke
new five-star streamliner "the General," which coal loading dock
an inaugural run from New York
an inawgwrai tvn irwn rww i wi
I o) fl fi
: Seven Months of Hot Debate
v Cmwd,
housing. Democratic leadership in
the House beat back a number of
crippling amendments to the multi-billion-dollar
national housing bilL
A year ago public housing was a
focal point in the revolt of the 80th
Congress. The Taft-Waener-Ellender
housing bill was long ard hotly de-
bated but finally was rejected.
Deep-seated differences over fed
eral aid to education have provoked
long and bitter debate in both houses
of Congress. When the House returns
from its July Fourth holiday it will
Pay Off Coming Up
.Nearly four years after V-J Day,
the govenment is getting ready to
tackle the long, difficult job of paying
off World War II claims for damages.
Congress authorized the new War
Claims Commission a year ago but
didn't vote funds for it until recently.
Meanwhile, with preliminary claims
piling up by the hundreds, the State
Department has resorted to form
statements in reply to inquiries.
The commission is authorized to or
der compensation for (only certain
types of war losses such as those suf-
Too Realistic
The first reaction of British resi
dents to air exercises testing defenses
of industrial England against an
atom bomb blitz was that they were
too realistic.
Thousands of aroused parents, their
sleep broken on a hot weekend by
low-flying planes, telephoned the Air
Ministry to complain. Many said their
children, reminded of wartime blitz
raids, ran Screaming from their
To all complaints the Air Ministry
had one answer: "If we are to pre
pare an adequate defense, our prac
tices must be as real as we can make
Referees and aerial expert: of three
countries were close-mouthed about
results of "Operation Foil" in which
British bombers and fighters, Ameri
can Superforts and jet fighters, and
Dutch jet fighters participated.
Operations continued all week with
another gigantic raid j planned for
this weekend. Targets included air
fields in Kent Essex, Suffolk and
Sussex and metropolitan centers such
as Bristol, Birmingham, London,
Liverpool and Sheffield.
Interception of "enemy" forces was
aided by. good weather, according to
an Air Ministry communique. It ad
mitted unusual summer fogs helped
, attackers somewhat. "
But war-experienced Londoners,
judging by the sound of heavy bomb
er formations overhead, knew with
out being told that England's capital
had been "heavily pounded in the
first two night attacks.
to Chicago. Coast Guard aided
iv wiiwyw. w wwvi, m mixox
consider a new bill fashioned along
lines of the one passed by the Senate.
School Aid
The Senate measure would make
available $350,000,000 a year in grants
to assist the states. Each state would
be allowed funds at the rate rof S5
per pupil, plus additional aid tip to
$29 per pupil for the so-called "back
ward" states.
Former President Herbert Hoover
and Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, pres
ident of Columbia University, both
Long, Tough Job
fered by Americans interned by Ja
panese in the Philippines, and By
military prisoners mistreated by Ja
panese, German or other captors.
The commission can receive claims
of all kinds, however, by Americans
or other nationals. The commission
is to report to Congress by next
March with recommendatons for pos
sible broader legislation.
In the beginning, at least, claims
will cost taxpayers little or nothing.
They. will be settled from the;sale of
enemy property seized in wartime
which is estimated to be worth at
least 300 million dollars.
Whether that will be enough to
cover costs of all damage claims de
pends on future legislation.
The time limit for filing claims has
been extended to March 1, 1951.
Substantial progress has been made
in settling a different type of war
claim. In 1946 Congress voted 400
million dollars to pay for property
losses suffered by Americans and Fili
pinos in the Philippines. The Philip
pine War Damage Commission set up
under that legislation has paid off
about 1,250,000. claims of this type.-
Times & Customs
A Worcester, Mass., clergyman has
changed a, portion of the wedding
vows which reads "so long as you
both shall live" to "so long as you
both shall love."
The Rey. Gordon B. McKeeman of
All Souls Universalist Church says
the original version is "antiquated."
He holds it does riot conform to the
present cultural pattern of society.
"My belief is that marriage legally
is a civil ceremony and the basis of
marriage is love it has not always
been so but on the basis of our
present culture it is," the clergyman
"If a minister says 'so long as you
both shall live he is binding a cou
pie to take a vow that is not true ac
cording to civil law.'
The Rev. McKeeman says he sees
Im Sct Monitor
no reason to asK couples to take a
vow they may not keep.
The Universalist Doctrine, he ex
plains, ! does not bind ministers to
any regulations on marriage but the
legal requirements.
and flames billow. from EAST-WEST
on Staten Island, N. Y. Florida and
fireboats battling blaze. Jill out marriage license. They were wed in LA,
have come out againstfederal grants
to all states on the grounds that it
would open education to political
pressure. They advocate federal aid
only for those states too poor to sup
port a high level of education.
Eisenhowers position was criti
cized by Sen, Elbert D. Thomas
(D-Utah). He pointed out that Eiscn-
hower had been educated at federally-
supported WTest Point and that the
general's present school, Columbia,
received $18,000,000 in federal school
aid in one year.
Superior Court Judge Joseph
E. Warner, who abolished the
Customary luncheon jecess in
his Northampton, Mass.. court:
"Eating lunch makes people food
Chancellor Edmund E. Day,
Cornell University: "Freedom,
though priceless, is not to be had
for nothing."
TRADE: Cold Shoulder for U.S.
Bilateral Pact
Britain and Argentina signed a-five-year
trade agreement last week,
despite American objections.
The pact calls for exchanges of
goods worth 50Q .million dollars the
first year, and at least an equal vol
ume in the other years. Britain will
supply the bulk of Argentina's im
ports (oil, coal, automobiles, whisky
and machinery) in return for an es
timated 300,000 tons of meat, cereals
and other foodstuffs.
The pact commits the two nations
to virtual barter. Originally the U. S.
State Department protested that this
violates the spirit of free competitive
international trade.
Fear Freeze-Out
American; businessmen fear th
two-way pact may cut this country
off from one of the principal South
American markets.
The State Department softened its
attitude later, however, by observing
there was more flexibility in the
agreement as finally adopted than had
been planned originally.
r Actually, three-way trade between
Argentina, Britain and the U. S. had
been practically impossible since
1947 when the British blocked pound
convertibility. Y
New Crisis
Britain was reported facing another
economic crisis. London newspapers
said the finance ministers of Australia.
Canada, Ceylon, India, New Zealand.
Pakistan and South Africa were to
meet with Prime Minister Attlee and
Sir Stafford Cripps. the -economics
czar, in London on July 8.
Purpose of the emergency meeting,
it is understood, is to discuss ways
and means of cutting down the drain
ilNITY-Cov. Fuller Warren of
Barbara Manning of California
Atom &
THE atom looms large in every
nation's concept of security.
Congress was asked last week
to declare that the United States
will not use atomic bombs!, except
as a reprisal weapon in the event
some' other nation resorts to atomic .
warfare. :1 I
So far as has been disclosed, the
U. S. is the only country!now:ca,pabl
of producing the A-bomb, f
The 'proposal was, introduced by
Sen. Ralph Flanders (R-Vt)He said
the A-bomb, like biological jwarfat
and poison gas, is not a military de
vice but a means for mass iimurder.
Sen. Flanders said if an .Atlantic
Pact nation were attacked with , an
atomic weapon that in his judgment,
would be an act requiring retaliation.
' He emphasized, howeye, that the
resolution would in effect tell other
Atlantic Pact nations thrf U. S. would
expect them to adopt th same policy
as that followed by this covintrj-.-
. Secrecy 4t Security!!
A op government scientist! declares
that too many people are confusing
secrecy with security. Unfortunately,
he says, secrecy and proircssare mu
tually incompatible.
The result says Dr. Karl T. Comp
ton, chairman of the National Re-
search and Development Board, is
that real security is suffering.
"True security," he says, :consists
in being as far ahead sis possible of
any unfriendly compe.itpr
"To a rather astonishing degree, in
the public and even in; the! military
mind, security has come; to mean se
crecy. "If we simply sit tighl and lock up
our secrets, it will not be Jong be-
'fore our active competitor forges
ahead of -us."
Brake to Progress;
Dr. Compton says scirn lists make
progress in an atmosphere ot free in
quiry and free interchange of ideas,
with the ciintinual mutual stimulation
of active minds working imthe same
or related fields. Any Jm position of
secrecy in science, he said, is; like ap
plication of a brake to
-Compton quote's David E- Lillinthal,
chairman of the Atomic Energy
Commission, to support: his view s
Lilibnthal is currently engaged in
defending his agency's operations
against charges of "incredible mis
management" leveled by Sen! Bourke
Hickenloopcr (R-Ia ). One of Hikcn
loopcr's charges has been that secur
ity measures have beeh d around
atomic installations. v i
on Britain's gold and dollar Reserves.
U. S. Treasury Secretary .John W.
Snyder is to go to London soon to
confer with Sir Stafford onjRrtain's
dwindling dollar reserves. '
There was a storm ; of -criticism
against the British-Argentine pact on
Capitol Hill where soo;n the! new re
quest for $3,568,470,000 for the sec
ond year of the Marshall Plan is to
be considered bv the Senate.
CaU It 'British Selfish.iew'
Sen. Kenneth Wherry (R-Neb.) ac
cused Britain of selfishly promoting
her own economic interests at the
expense of other European nations
and the U. S. .
"This bilateraf-4rade ; paefr defeats
the very purpose of recovery and
free exchange of goods in th world,"
said Wherry. . : j
Paul Hoffman, chairman of the Eco
nomic Cooperation Administration, in
charge of administering the aid to
Europe, said he is opposed tnj bilateral
r.fireeients. He added, hbwever, that
Britain had no other means of ob
tiining meat except from Atgentinia.
In Short! .
Resigned: By Robert F. Wagner, 72,
stalwart New Dealer throughout the
Roosevelt administrations, the U. S.
Senate seat he held 22 year
Fstianated: By Housing Expediter
Tighe Woods that a tnUljon U. -S.
landlords may ask rent ceiling in
creases by giving tenants rcw serv-'
ices or improvenoenU. f , fj
Reported: By, the National Founda
tion for Infantile Paralysis,!; $25,728,
C00 raised in 1949 by the "March of
Dimes": last jear's total: $21,600,000.
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