The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, June 20, 1949, Page 7, Image 7

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    Seriate May fyiine
Arms Aid Program
1
, -
i f
DJL J. ROBERT OPPENHE1MEX (right), one of A-Bomb pioneers,
lauds work of David L lilienthal at Senate-House atomic In
quiry. Htro ho chats with Son. McMahon, commhtoo chairman.
Qov't Keeps
HqatonR&ds
ATTORNEY General Tom stage at home and abroad, with
Clark sayi that alien Com- it ultimate success at stake,
fhunists are fleeing the country Not only is the four billion
$nd th number of Reds In this doUf PW"? meshed in a Con
country is now about one third fftf10 tti- w cos but-th!f?
.what i was three years ago.- SSftriKi LS.h
Communists in the United States Xmf fnJL problems
r on the run." he asserted during
the week, j threat to government,
s
aniniluencoinUbor.orasapoUU-
eel party."
'Super Report on Splee
The House Committee on Un
' American Activities Committee is
preparing what It calls a super report
' pn Soviet espionage, covering the
(Complete history of Communist spy
ing in this country and abroad, f
It probably will be several weeks
before the. committee is ready to re-
lease the report It still is compiling
some information, such as details of
atomic- espionage, for instance, oiC
which hearings were still being held,
he spotlight on
Red activities
continues unabated.
In Washington, Dr. J. Robert Op-
Knheimer testified before the Seaate
use atomic energy commission
that David E. Lilienthal had done a
splendid job in directing the postwar
atomic bomb production. He declared
Lilienthal had protected national se
curity, and denied that export of
, radioactive isotopes would be of any
- use for military atomic purposes. -
Secret FBI Reports
Anerv denials, one with a demand
for an apology from J. Edgar Hoover,
boiled up in the wake of secret FBI
reports bared at the Washington
trial of Judith Coplon on espionage
charges.
The demand for an apology came
from Dr. Edward U. Condon, director
of the Federal Bureau of Standards,
whose, wife was mentioned in one re
port as having arranged a "contact"
between a bmine.'s rr.an and a sus
pected Russian agent.
''Who attacks my wife's reputation
must take me on," said Condon.
"Hoover owes ber a personal apol-
. . .
The till director-, maintained si-
lence but ait aide explained there
would be no comment on anything
coming out of the CoplSn ; trial.
This aroused Condon. again, "I do
not choose to accept 'rut. comment for
an answer," he sa!d. t
In New York. Mrs. Whittaker
Chambers underwent the same, sear-
ing cross examination to which her
husband was subjected earlier: at the-
Alger Hiss perjury trill. m nt ' ------
Court Upholds Contempt Citations
In i unanimous decision, the U.S. Decided; By the University of Calt
Circuit Court of Appeals upheld con- nations third largest, to re
tempt of Congress convictions of film Quj" loyaltjoaths from its faculty of
writers John Howard Lawson and .0. . V I
Dalton Trumbo. , . -' , !
During the week the Army's new
secretary, Gordon Gray, apologized
for a slight to Gordon Clapp, chair
man of the TennesseeValley Atrv
thoxity, who had been classified as
"unemployable" for the AMG in Ger
many. '
Gray explained that a junior officer
had checked over a list of seven
candidates proposed by the military
government to conduct a series of
lectures on civil, service in Germany.
This officer. Gray said, decided
Clapp's qualifications didn't fit him
for the post but in cabling Frankfurt
used the wrong word "unemploy
able" in connection with- Clapp's
name.
Quotes
Joha Is. Lewis, president of
the United Mine Workers: "If
we" are going to starve in this
(coal) Industry, we will just all
starve together." ,
Geo. Charles de Gaulle, head
of the Rally"of the French Peo
ple (RPF): "Political parties ere
. finished. We are a country that
is becoming more united.
TFfo
V.
CONGRESS: Problems
S1
TATE DEPARTMENT officials
say the European Recovery
Program i$ entiling a critical
STM.n t '
President Truman' tried to focus , 1
portancf o erp , specn j
week and at the Little Rock war f
memorial. He denounced as "false
economy" any reduction by Congress
of funds fot the second year of the i
Marshall plan.
The President linked his fight for f
ERP funds to a basic warning to the I
American' people against slackening
support of the home team in the Cold
War just when things are looking i
better. He also urged congressional i
approval of the Atlantic Pact and the I
military aid program for western Eu- f
ropean and other "free nations."
At Midway Point i
,"Wi are Only midway in carrying i
out our pjolicy," Mr. Truman said, f
"We have a long way to go before we
can make the free world secure
against the social and political evils I
on which Communism thrives."
The President's statement high
lights one of the fundamental prob-
lems which recently has been wor-
rying some of his foreign policy Abroad, that is translated into in
advisers. This !s how to sustain public ! creasing restiveness by labor and
interest in and support for foreign pol- other groups against austerity meas-
icy at tirr.H when international events i
move along without a daily air of
crisis. I
Experience has shown that the less f
people are; afraid of Russia the less!
In Short f
Opposed: By Geii Eisenhower, Col-1
umbia University president, blanket!
federal education grants to states,
claiming greatest threat to nation's!
freedom comes from those urging j
more powers fo- federal government.!
Voted: fly Trieste citizens, by a 1.
to 1 ratio, against communism and for.:
reunion with Italy,
Ratiflrd: By the Senate, the inter-?
national wheat agreement, providing1
a ceiling price rf $1 80 a bushel and a
floor price ranging from $1.50 the
first year to $1.20 the fourth year.
Used: By the British, occupation
XJ?V to quell German protests at
dismantling Ruhr manufacturing
I EQU1UBWUM TEST
W(m) Tfeos w
L
BERLIN STRIKERS, whh pistols takon from Soviot guards,
forco lockod door In Russian-operated rail headquarters,
American MPs lator aidod Russians in ejecting striktrs.
CROSSING THE
Iwilling they are to carry on an agreed
juPn on range poUcy.
ures, wage ceilings and industrial
priorities. At home, it means renewed
attempts to cut down on some of the
Uxpayerdollars going overseas,
Congress warly kept its eye on
Music
Reds & the Blues
Paul Robeson, Negro baritone,
reportedly told a Moscow audi
ence last week that words of
the song "Ol" Man River" should
be changed. He suggested the
phrases about a man being tired
of living and afraid of dying be
changed to "We, must fight to
the death for peace and free
dom." In New York, Oscar Hammer
stein 2nd, retorted: '
"As the author of these words,
I should like it known that I
have no intention of changing
them or permitting anyone else
to change them.
"I further suggest that Paul
Robeson write his own songs
and leave mine alone."
' - I- f ' " r I - v- - - ; 1 -! : " X --.r.: ' 'Jl
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I I If'' I Cr '.N
w xyrzi
LiutiiaaMMtiWBaaHHj T -i ii Tin i -rn mm IT -f"SiTYi iiV-iii 1f
at Home and Abroad
Tart, ItmmHIu fam
PICKET LINE
COULD IT
disquieting trends in the domestic
economy. The stock market fell to its
lowest point in four years. Unemploy-','
ment jumped 273,000 in May to a new
postwar peak of 3,289,000, according
to the Census Bureau.
'Stabilizing' Industry
Coal miners took a week off "to
stabilize the industry" as John L.
Lewis opened negotiations for a new
INCOME: Before the Tax Bite
Top Ten
It's getting tougher to earn a mil
lion dollars a year. The nation hasn't
had such a wage earner, says the
Treasury, since 1944 when Leo
McCarey, film producer, was cred
ited with $1,113,035. The trend" has
been downward since.
The top man in a new list by the
Treasury Department of the best
paid corporation1 employes in 1947
(or fiscal years spilling over intq
1948) is Charles P. Skouras. It's his
third straight year as highest salaried
man or woman in the U.S. Skouras,
president of National Theaters
Amusement Co., Inc., and of Fox
West Coast Agency Corp., got $810,-
Youth
Time to Think
Daniel F. McCarthy, 22, Brooklyn
born former GI who wanted to re
nounce his American citizenship to
become a German, was sentenced last
week in Frankfurt to eight months in
jail in the United States.
The son of a late Wall Street
broker pleaded guilty in a U.S. mili
tary court to entering the VS. zone
of Germany illegally. He said he had
fallen in love with the German way
of life and denied a girl was in
volved. "I like America all right," he
said, "I just like Germany better."
Telephoned appeals by his mother
in New Hyde Park, N. Y, failed to
change his mind. She was overjoyed
at the court's verdict.
The sentence to be served at the
Fort Hancock, N. J, Army disci
plinary barracks, apparently blocks
any chance McCarthy might have of
renouncing his citizenship within the
next eight months. He had been free
without bail, to get the feel of living
in postwar Germany without a ration
card.
The -military court held that the
law controlling entry into Germany
is similar to the immigration law of
the United States and must be up
held. McCarthy was told he had five'
days to file a petition for a review
of the verdict and sentence.
MARSHAL TITO (Uft), Yugoslav prtmior, was tht targtt of
a socrot Cominform mooting last wook in Silosia whoro Krem
lin handed down plans to smash Yugoslavia economically.
f 1
BE 'PURE COINCIDENCE'?
contract with mine operators. The
mine shutdown caused furloughs for
thousands of workers in steel, rail-
way and other affiliated industries.
Unions in the steel, coal and elec
trical industries opened negotiations
for new contracts which may go a
long way toward determining if la
bor is to get t fourth round: of pay
increases since the war.
000. That is $175,300 less than he was
paid tfce, year before.
lnenopsaianea woman tor
was raovie star Betty Grable with
$208,000. And that's $91,333 less than
she raadethe year before.
"-Movie stars were crowded out of
the top ten earning spots in 1947 as
businessmen made one of their best
showings in years. All income is be
fore taxes.
The ranking after Skouras includes
Vincent Riggio, president of Ameri
can Tobacco Co., $484,202; Preston
Sturges, movie director, 20th Century-Fox,
$470,650; E. H. Little, presi
dent, Colgate, Palmolive. Peet Co.,
$350,000; A. A. Somerville, R. T. Van
derbih Co.. $319,398; Seton Porter,
president. National Distillers, $310,
0C0; William Randolph Hearst, pub
lisher, $300,000; Theodore Seltzer,
president, Bengue, Inc., $295,613;
Eugene G. Grace, board chairman,
Bethlehem Steel, $292,279; G. A. Bry
ant, president, Austin Co., $270,789.
There were more than 1,000 men
and women listed as earning at least
$75,000. Forty-seven drew more than
$200,000. V
Dates
Monday, June 2$
American Institute of Electri
cal Engineers convenes in Bos
ton. Wimbledon, Eng., tennis cham
pionship tourney opens.
Tuesday, June 21
Summer begins (year's long
est day).
Wednesday, Jane 22 ,
World heavyweight champion
ship boxing bout, Joe Walcott
vs. Ezzard Charles, Chicago.
Anniversary (fifth), GI Bill of
Rights.
Thursday, June 22
Young Republican convention
opens in Salt Lake City.
Saturday, June 25
National Railroad Fair opens
Chicago.
. Anniversary (39th), postal sav
ings banks.
Syrian national elections.
'Cold War Still En,
Big 4 Parley
OUTBOARD CHAMPION Vic Scott, 32-yoar-old aircraft inspoc
tor from Lovittown, N. Y flashes past finish of the 140-mile
Albany-New York race at average speed of 37.6 miles per hour.
Foreign Ministers
Deadlock at Paris
IT HAS been said that the Big Four foreign, ministers at Paris
achieved 90 per cent agreement on small matters and 100 per cent
disagreement on important issues. rA
As the Paris session neared its windup, the ministers turned over
such key problems as German unification and the drafting of a Ger
man peace treaty to their deputies for study. The deputies are sched-
uled to report at the next Big Four
Science
Slicing It Thin
The Bureau of Standards has ex
plained how to slice tissues one one
quarter millionth of an inch thick.
Take, a monomer and a catalyst
and stir them into a clear plastic
polybutyl mcthacrylate, for instance.
Embed the tissue in that.
Now get out an ordinary old con
ventional microtone. Shoot some car
bon dioxide gas into it. The gas enters
the specimen chamber and cools the
specimen. Bring up the microtone
blade to the specimen, which is
mounted on a brass block.
Then, as the brass warms again, it
expands, advancing the specimen a
distance imperceptible tothe human
eye, like progress at a foreign min
ister's conference.
1 Now cut!
If you have followed directions
precisely, your slice should be ap-
proximately one-tenth of a micron
thick. An average human hair is
about 75 microns in thickness. '
The bureau says thin sliced tissues
are sought for eagerly by researchers
in bacteriology, immunology, pathol-
ogy and industrial technology.
People
Hoover's Credo
Herbert Hoover spoke last 'week at
the OhieWesleyan University gradu-
ation. What lifted his speech above
other commence
ment oratory from
coast to coast was
that this country's
only living former
President outlined
hit credo.
Hoover advised
graduates not to
abandon self reli
ance in a quest for
security.
While security uciicit HOOVER
eliminates the risks
in life, he saia, it also kills the joy
that lies in competition, in individual
adventure, new undertakings and
new achievement. He declared:
"These contain moral and intellec
tual impulses more vital than even
profits.
"At all times in history, there have
been many who sought escape into
security from self reliance.
"Some tell us that in their new era,
life is still a race, but that everybody
must come out even at the end. An
other modernistic school adds that
life still may be a race, but each step
must be dictated by bureaucrats with
stop-and-go signals."
He described his own commence
ment at Stanford six decades ago, the
fears the depression of that day cre
ated and the warm welcome he and
his classmates found in the "cold.
cold world." Then he added:
"I found the Drofit-takers a cheery
and helpful lot, Who took an enor- factory administrators producing poor
mous interest in helping youngsters quality goods be sentenced to wear or
get a start and get ahead in life. use personally their i vwn shoddy
"And you will find that is also true products.
today . 1 Danbury, Conn., j Walter Trask,
Hoover described the wealth of 50. amateur rao operator, went to
possessions and jobs in the United Ieep on the air Fellow "hams
States and said: "It is very sad, but heard his voice die away and
did it ever occur to you that all the "groans" stan They telephoned po-
neoDle who live in these houses and
ail those who run this complicated
machine are going to die?
' "Just as sure, as death, those jobs
are yours The plant and equipment
come to you by inheritance ready to
run. But the best of these jobs are
never filled by security-seekers."
"
t
meeting scheduled forsometime in
September in New York.
Creation of a deputies' "group to
study a German treaty would, it was
felt, maintain contact among the big
powers and rtelp ease international
tension. Their continuing study would
also make it easier to convene an
other ministers' council without loss
of face.
Hope Dwindled
In the fourth week of the Paris
parley, there was little real hope of
reaching any basic settlement of the
main problems which brought the
ministers together. Progress had been
made, however, on a number of tem
porary trade agreements I
The Paris parley opened a month
ago under a facade of hope. It had
been called at Soviet suggestion to
discuss new proposals on Germasy.
Andrei Vishinsky. the new SoVM
foreign minister, turned up with the
same old arguments that had dead
locked the council at London, a year
and a half eailiei. ,
The Russian stand, unacceptable at
London, was even more unthinkable
at Paris. In the inrm. the three
western powerr h?d unified their
zones politically and economi"clly. A
government for 40.00f' 00f) firmans
had been $ot up Wider the Bonn con-
stitution. The Russian bloekcle of
Brrlin wis cirumvnt?' by the air
lHt vi the weftwi c'mter-block;"ie
we-. i!ce7in.! nw.ern Germany and
the roviot 3tel!i,r mMr.tri!s.
Propaganda Turlics
The facade A hope ''.rumbled swift
ly at Paris wv,eu Vi.unsky refused
even to consider western proposals '
for a unified Germany Unwilling to
conriliafi, he tred to turn the council
forum into a sounding hoard for
propaganda appeals to Ine Germans.
The patience of western diplomats
was rubbed thm At one point. Dean
Acheson. US Secretary of Stte,
called one of Vishinsky's proposals
"as full o propaganda ax a dog is of
fleas."
"In fact." Acheson said, "I think it
is all fleas and no dog."
Sidelights
In Baltimore, death came for the
third and lasl tirm to James" W.
Stanck. 49, wpo 'died" twice before.
The printer ntered the Maryland
General Hospitar-for arr operation."
While on te ble, his heart stopped
beating. Dr. Joseph V- Casta gna cut
open the patient's chest and mas-
saged the heart It waj 20 minutes be
fore he showeo signs of life- Later
his heart stopped again, but responded
after nine mini of massage. On the
third day he succumbed to pneu
monia. -)
In Clarksville, Va., C. W. Blanks
recently offered a substantial rewaj
for identification ol the motoristwho
ran over and kiljd-jajsjjog: Last
week. Blanks was killed when he
swerved his .ar to avoid hitting a
dog. The car overturned
A humorist in IzvtsUa, Soviet gov-
eminent newspaper, suggested that
"ce wno iouikj ir nsierp. snorm.
into the mike.
Near Port Jervis on the New
York-Pennsylvania boundary, Clare
Pounell's motrcycle hit a deer on
National " Highway Six The deer '
kicked him. broke his leg.
(All ffiffhU Rmmwd A? Nrwrltmtitm)
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