The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, June 20, 1949, Page 4, Image 4

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    tp-The Stcrfe3nan. Salem,' Oregon.' lvfon&gyy Tun 23. 131?
Tol
erance
Of
Pafesmatt
RED NEf WORK
- r "No Favor Sways Vs. No Fear Shall Awt"
Frees First SUtettu, Marc It, 151
THE STATESMAN PUBUSHING COMPANY
CH.air A RPRAGUE. Editor and Publisher
Entered at the estofflee at Salem. Oregea. at see si class matter eader ad af HDtrtM March J. 1171
rabllk4 every irnlnr. Bealne e-fHce Zl S- C umcrelaJ. SaJe. Qw- xeiepnwie z-wi
.From the "Middle Way" to Ingsoc J
An appraisal of contemporary European so
cialism as a "middle way" to a future of greater
Kii;tv mnri a rviw nt "an indignant and
mm mj w . v- - y - .
prophetic novel" about an imaginary socialist
super-state in 1984 are featured in last Sunday's
New York times magazine and book review
sections.
It remains to beseen whether the economic
and political stability toward which modern
socialists aim is the forerunner of the horrify
ing totalitarian vacuum described in George
Orwell's "Nineteen Eighty-Four," but specula
tion that it might is justified. j
In his article, British Laborite Francis Wil
liams sees European socialism as an absolutely
essential element in European stability. We
points out that the areas in which stability has
been maintained despitepostwar troubles and
communism are the countries where socialists
are strongest; Britain, Norwary, Sweden, Den
mark, Belgium, the "Netherlands and Luxem
bourg. France and Italy are unstable because
the socialist parties there are weak and divided
and do not act as an effective balance between
extreme Right and extreme Left.
The rising strength of socialism is due to the
general postwar leftward swing in Europe and
the demand for economic and social reforms
by workers and peasants. However, there lis
no formal or integrated European socialist
movement comparable to the communist inter-,
national. Socialist parties are constitutionally
and organizationally completely independent'
of each other, Williams says. But they are
linked by common principles: they work for
greater equality of incomes, social services, na
tional control of banking and basic industries.
They seek these changes through parliamentary
means and aim to combine economic socialism
with complete political and religious freedom
For the most part, they reject the Marxian be
lief in revolution and the dictatorship of the
proletariat. f
George Orwell in his biting satire implies that
this benevolent welfare state must eventually
deteriorate into awful bureaucratic dictatorship.
The government becomes so concerned about the
(well) being of its citizens that it must observe
and direct their every thought and action from
the cradle to the grave.
In 1984 the world is divided into three giant
super-states Eastasia, Eurasia (Europe ab
sorbed by Russia) and Oceania (the British
Empire swallowed up by the United States).
Oceania is controlled by an Inner Party which
comprises 25 per cent of the population. Every
one el.se, the "proles", lives in complete slavery.
Patty members are eternally watched by the
Thought. Police through telescreens that Can
never be avoided. The English language is
transformed Into Newspak, a bureaucratic
jargon designed to kill all independent think
ing or "thoughtcrime."rhgsoc Is the News
peak word for English socialism. Permanent
war between the super-states is the .necessary
condition under which the proles slave away
for the party in the continual state of emer
gency. m
"Nineteen EightyrFour" dramatically shows
"the meaning and the means of society which
has as its single aim the total destruction of
individual identity."
The sober article by Williams points up how
American democratic capitalism is cooperating
with Europe's as yet mild and middle-of-the-road
socialism to check a greater evil, commun
ism. Orwell's book is an urgent warning that
the end does not justify the means when, , to
fight the destruction of individual freedom by
v communsim, the weapons used also threaten
to destroy liberty.
effectively spoken. More Oregonians will come
to know him personally when he enters state
service as general secretary and administrative
assistant to Governor Douglas McKay on! July
1st.!
McCall comes of distinguished ancestry, as
has been brought out in news reports of Jus
appointment. His given name comes from his
grandfather, Thomas W. Lawson, distinguished
financier of Boston, once styled a "copper king"
whose book "Frenzied Finance" caused quite a
commotion four decades ago because of his ex
posure of the frauds of high finance.
His paternal grandfather, Samuel Walker Mc
Call, was governor of Massachusetts for three
terms and congressman from that state for
seven terms. His parents for years have oper
ated a ranch in central Oregon near Prineville.
McCall, Idaho, gets, fits name from the same
family. . v j .
Young McCall however doesn't have to capi
talize on his ancestry. He has done very well
on his own. After graduating from the; Uni
versity of Oregon (it's a good endorsement that
his former classmates apeak highly of : him)
McCall worked on the Bend Bulletin, the Mos
cow Idahoan and the Portland Oregonian. He
served in the navy and after the war engaged
in radio work. His interest in politics spurred
him to activity among Young Republicans; and
now he is called to handle a very important as
signment in the dual field of politics, and
government, the keylposition of the governor's
general secretary. Clearly McCall is a man
for Oregonians to observe.
Ban Picketing of Courts
In front of the federal courthouse in Foley
square. New York City, pickets parade; daily
when court is in session. They are communists
or communist sympathizers picketing the court
trying the 1 1 top communists, presided over by
Federal Judge Medina.
Apparently in disgust at this picketing of a
court of justice a committee of the American
Bar association is asking congress to enact
a law banning the picketing of federal courts.
The court being picketed might hail the pick
eters before it and cite them for contempt, which
is their) obvious purpose; but in cases of labor
or political controversies a judge is reluctant
to do that lest he be accused of prejudice. If a
case growing out of this type of picketing ever
got to the supreme court it would bump into
Justice Murphy's opinion in a labor case in '
which he upheld picketing as merely the exer
cise of free speech, f
It may be free speech, all right; but it Is de
finitely intended to obstruct the judicial pro
cess. It assumes the; defendants are not getting
a fair trial; and the parade seeks to build up an
atmosphere of intimidation and coercion in their
behalf. -
The Foley square picket line is not the only
one that has covered the courts. The San Fran
cisco Chronicle tells of a picketline of 200 men
who picketed the federal postoffice and court
house in that city, to picket the ninth circuit
court of appeals. That certainly was contemp
tuous interference with the work of this court,
which ranks Just under the p: S. supreme court.
The bar association'ssppeal to congress
should be acted on with1 prohibitive legislation.
A newspaper couldn't get away with provoca
tive comment during a trial such as that which:
appears on picket placards; nor should these
gentry with the sandwich boards.
McCall Comes Jo Capitol j
Most Oregonians who know Lawson McCall,
know him, as does this editor, only as a name
and a voice. We liked him very much when
he did newscasting on KEX at the 10 o'clock
spot before the Richfield reporter moved over
from KGW to crowd him out. His broadcasts
were informative, intelligently assembled and
The superintendent of the Oregon Temper
ance league predicts that in five years Oregon
wil be a dry state, f He's much too optimistic;
in ;the present social climate a dry state would
stijl be wet
Rotary International has long had as a slogan
"He profits most who serves best." The con
vention in New York has dropped it because of
fear the word "profits" might be misconstrued.
What they doing frying to appease Russia?
rv
Commies May
Ruin Count
By Henry MeLemer
DAYTONA BEACH, June 1
When and if tills country goes
under It is my guess that toler
ance will be to blame. The Uni
ted States is crazier about toler
ance than a miser is for gold, a
chorus girllor furs, or a fish
for water
Our country has become so ob
sessedwith the belief in the dig-
4 V
McLfwi
the rights of the
human being
that almost ev
erything else
has been shoved
to the bottom
counter.
T h e r e is no
such thing as
moderation
any more. And
there must be
mo d e r a tion,
even in toler
ance. At least, that's the way I
feeL '
The U.S. is bending so far
backward to protect the rights
of other people thai it is swiftly
reaching the point inhere it does
n't take care of its own. Honest
to goodness, it wouldn't surprise
roe to see the Government allot
more to taking care of the Cana
dian side of Niagara Falls than
our side.
Why? I don't know. It seems
to me that as Americans we
should get the best deal from
Washington. If there is going to
be any quick play with the cards,
why can't we have it? If it is
all right to say that the 'people
of Upper Graustark should have
a loan of $5,000,000,000 to im
prove their agriculture, what
would be wrong in giving a simi
lar amount, or ten times as much,
to guarantee that the thousands
and thousands of Americans who
can't read or write, and who do
not have a decent place to" sleep,
have a chance to learn, and a
chance to live in even semi
comfort? Ever take a look at certain
places in New York, Detroit,
Birmingham, and well, name
almost any city you want to?
You'll see Americans ' living in
places a dog would not like to
live in unless he had six paws
to hold over his nose. If you
have seen them, then you'll won
der why American money has to
stray so far from home Remem
ber, too, that if we have to fight
again the boys from those places
will be called just as quickly, and
Just as relentlessly, as those from
Yale, Harvard or Princeton.
The way we coddle Commun
ists is enough to make a strong
man sick.
We hire lawyers for- them.
Judges are patient and gentle
with them. We do everything but
pay their cab fare to the court
house. And Communists, mind
you. say they hate this country,
want to destroy it, want to do
anything they can to break it
down. In my book, they should
be shot. Let them admit that
they are Communist?, and five
minutes later let their comrades
claim their bodies.
But this country won't do this.
Itf is so tolerant. It wants to go
down in history as the nation that
was beaten by being too fair.
.
If something isn't done to halt
this trend there'll come a time
when there'll be an open season
on the President. It will be the
right of any man to take a pot
shot at the occupant of the White
House between the months of
October and April. The gunner
will be able to say that, under
the right of the human being to
think, say, or act as he pleases,
he was justified in letting go a
shotgun blast at the President.
Too, there'll be nothing but the
best of defense counsel for a man
who decides to take up the poi
soning of wells as a hobby, or the
handing out of bubble gum with
a dynamite base to grammar
school kids. The chances are
that if this comes to pass the
poisoner will get off with a sus
pended sentence and a stern
warning from the judge that
three more such, performances
and he will be allowed to escape
to his native land.
These must come a time when
tolerance becomes a menace.
The U. S. is about to reach it.
480,000 Mine
Workers Due
Back on Job
PITTSBURGH. June !Mr-The
nation's 480.000 United Mine
workers arexpected back In the
pits tomorrow.''
John L. Lewis, UMW president
who ordered a week-long "stabil
ization" walkout last Monday,
flashed the green tight ' to his
miners in 'telegrams to district lea
ders. Full compliance was ex
pected. The miners will work only five
days before quitting afrain. On
June 25 they begin their annual
10-day paid vacation. The get
$100 vacation pay.
Last week's walkout was the
second Lewis has called this year.
Last April he ordered his UMW
dues payers, to quit work two
weeks to protest Dr. JamesH.
Boyd's appointment as director of
the federal bureau of mines and
to memoralize miners killed and
injured in 1048.
Both walkouts were called un
der a contract provision which
says the miners work only when
"willing and able."
That clause already has come
under attack of operators as they
seek to renew the contract before
it expires June 30. The miners
aren't expected to work if a con
tract isn't signed by the time the
vacation ends. Traditionally they
adhere to .ajDO contract, no work"
policy.
Last week's walkout didn't hurt
the nation's economy There's
still a lot of coal above ground.
The Why of the Hospital Drive
(Editor Not The Salem Hoipttal Development Program calls for the
raising of fl.loe.MS la the Salem area. The campaign It now la progress and
will be brought to the general public within a few weeks.
(To inform the public of the local needs for hospital facilities. The SUUa-
i will give space for a daily "Question and Answer."
were used to their fullest extent.
Reference to this authentic
case is not intended to be a re
flection upon the quality of hos
pital service but does point to
the inadequate hospital space and
equipment now available to the
people of Salem.
This condition should be cor
rected at once. By contributing
to: the present campaign for hos
pital funds, this can and will be
done.
(If yon have" auestlona yon want answered, write to the hospital program
headquarters. US N. High St. or phone 2-1S51. If you have experienced difficulty
la getting hospital accomaaodaUons tell the program office of your experience.)
Here's today's question:
QUESTION (to local citizen
whose name is withheld): Tell
us your experience due to the
overcrowded conditions in Sa
lem hospitals.
ANSWER: Not long ago, my
wife was stricken with a severe
heart attack. It was impera
tive that she receive Immediate
hospitalization. Application was
at once made to both hospitals
only to find that every bed in
both institutions was occupied
and that no more patients could
be admitted.
Three days later she had a
second attack. The doctor for
bade her to even try to lift a
hand lest that be too much exer
tion. In the home of the patient,
facilities for caring for a sick
person were such as might be
found in the average home and
adequate for cases of minor ill
ness, but not for a patient so
desperately ill and completely
immobilized.
It was seven long and tortuous
days of constant efforts on the
part of the attending physician
and myself before a hospital bed
could be secured. &
When space was finally made
available and the patient admit
ted, the services rendered by the
nurses, attendants and manage
ment were above reproach. Un
der this excellent care, the pat
ient recovered sufficiently to be
discharged at the end of the
sixth week. Such facilities as
the hospital staff had available
It is time Americans said that
no matter who much we love the
rest of the world, and no mat
ter how much we want to help all
living creatures, there are such
do.
McNaught Syndicate. Inc.
China Moslems May Hold Red Army grin and bear it ByLichty
By James D. White
AP Foreign News Analyst .
SAN FRANCISCO. June 19-(P)-AI1
plans for a stand against
the communists in China rely
on the Chinese Moslems to hold
the great northwest.
Who are the Chinese Moslems?
Will they! fight?
It seetns they already have
fought a small engagement with
the Reds. It happened near Sian,
ast of normal Moslem territory.
The Reds say the Moslems were
off-base. Someone may have
blundered into it. as the Reds
have a long record of leaving
the Moslems strictly alone.
This is natural, as the Moslems
of China are .tough customers.
There probably are 20 million of
them. This isn't much in a coun
try of 450 million or more people,
but the Moslems, by all odds,! are
the most determined minority ,
In China. This goes for politics
a well as religion.
About half of them live scat
tered throughout all China. The
other half of the Moslems out
number other Chinese in the
northwest provinces of Ninghsia,
Kansu and Tsinghai. There they
run things themselves..
, Or rather, government in, those
areas for a long time has been
the monoply of a family named
Ma. The word means "horse" in
Chinese but the n.'.rr.e comes from
that of the prophet, Mahomet.
The "big horse" ued to be a
warlord named Ma Chung-Ying.
but four of his c-umhs squeezed
him out in the early thirties.
They still rule the roost in the
northwest..
They include Ma Hung-Kwei H
(now known as the "big horse"Tr
who governs Ninghsia with the
aid of his brother, Ma Hung
Ping. In Ttinghai a distant cou
sin. Mr Pu-Fang. ' is governor,
and also has a brother, Mat Pu
Ching, who is the local rio. 2
big horse. ? .
Between Ninghsia and Tsin
ghai I sth narrow? province of
Kansu. through which runs the
old silk road to Europe. Ma
Hung-Kwei and may Pu-Fang
alternate in taxing the corridor
and divvying the take. As pro
vincial governs they pay nom
inal allegiance to j the Chinese
central government, but decree
their own. laws and remit taxes
to the capital only when and if
they deem it advisable.
When the Chinese reds limped
up through northwest China on
their long march 13 years ago, the
Ma cousins refrained from rub
bing them but. That would have
been easy, and in accord to
Chiang Kai-Shek's; urging. Pos- .
sibly the Ma boys were wary
from feuding with cousin Ma
Chung-Ying. just unseated as the
"big horse.' Possibly they saw
the Reds as a nice cushion to the
east against Nanking's persist
ent gestures of authority.
The Reds settleddown next
door in Shensi provmce. There
was sotne, trouble attirst about
Ma Hung-Kweis troops desert
ing to the Reds. Ten years ago
the Reds began building a small
Moslem army, but it seems to
have petered out.
Since then little has happened.
The Reds let the Moselems alone
and vice-versa. ,
-Big horse" Ma Hung-Kewi's
present importance is this: His
people will fight for him if out
siders attack. He could be sup
plied to an extent by air from
south and west China, if these
hold against the Reds. The Reds
know this.
Better English
By D. C William
Warren Asks
States Form ,
Health Plan
COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo.,
June 19-(P)-National health in
surance will be the only answer
if the states can't or won't set
up their own medical programs,
Gov. Earl Warren of California
.declared here today.
Warren, last year's republican
nominee for vice president, will
head a round table on social secur
ity and welfare as the annual gov
ernors' conference gets underway
here tomorrow.
For the first time since their
defeat last November, Warren and
Gov. Thomas E. Dewey of New
York, the GOP presidential nomi
nee, will meet face to face here
Tuesday, when Dewey heads up a
discussion of intergovernmental
relations. This will deal largely
with efforts of the state? to get a
large slice of overall tax receipts.
Warren made it plain his sup
port for a national health insur-
o n rA nlan tvViiVH mi far Kim of rAAm
things as Americans, who like to I with ome of hirepublican col
lue just as much as other folkheagues is contingent on the states'
J. What is wrong with this
sentence? "The man, as well as
the boy, were hungry.'" ;
2. What is the correct pronun
ciation of "replica"? ,
3. Which one of these words
is misspelled? Govern, southern,
brethern, modern. j
4. What does the word "mut
able" mean?
5. What is a word beginning
with, sap that means to
place"? i
ANSWERS i
1. Say, "The man, as well as
the boy, was hungry." 2. Pro
nounce with accent on first syll
able. 3. Brethren; 4. Capable of
change in form, qualities, or na
ture. "Nature is a mutable cloud,
which is always and mver the
same." Emersen. 5. Supersede.
re- n- i Vf.t.r- tii-'-H?-' n ,.z-?r -s j i
failure to do the job themselves.
He did not specify whether he
backs a national plan such as
President Truman has suggeseted
or whether be would support a
grant-in-aid program such as Sen
ator Robert A. Taft (R-Ohio) has
proposed.
'"The area of Norway is 124.558
square miles.
Plant Seizure
Clause Due for
Test in Senate
WASHINGTON, June 19-P-Senator
Douglas (D-Ill) insisted
today that the Douglas-Aiken plan
for government seizure of struck
plants in national emergency labor
disputes has "a good chance" for
senate approval. The test may
come tomorrow.
The Illinois senator maintained
his view despite:
1. A private prediction by a top
senate democrat that the proposal
sponsored by Douglas and Sen.
Aiken (R-Vt) is doomed. The sen
ator who made the forecast favors
the plan.
2. A contention by Sen. Taft
(R-Ohio) that his counter-proposal
to retain the Taft-Hartley
law's injunction provision against
such strikes will prevail.
Taft has claimed that about 16
of the senate's 54 democrats will
vote for his plan. He expects only
four .or five of the 42 republican
senators to ballot against his
amendment to the Truman ad
ministration's Taft-Hartley repeal
bill.
"Yes, I know all about that."
Douglas said, referring to Taft's
estimate. "But 1 still think we
have a good chance. I am not
worried."
Newest Drug
Used to Fight
Heart Disease
PHILADELPHIA, June lMfl
The University of Pennsylvania
announced today the development
of a new drug which doctors say
has been- used to bring about de
crease in blood pressure.
Penn's school of medicine said
the drug, technically known as
Dihydroergocormine, was develop
ed by four university physicians
engaged in the drive to combat
heart and circulatory diseases
the nation's number one Ttiller.
The university announcement
said the drug, developed from
a fungus which sometimes grows
on rve and other grasses, is In
jected into the muscles and tem
porarily lowers general blood
pressure.
The doctors added that the drug
is not recommenrieu for routine
treatment in high blood pressure
cases, explaining that its effect
is only temporary. But, they re
ported, the drug is an "important
step toward the development of an
effective therapy for the treat
ment" of high blood pressure.
Girl's Arm Found
Inside Tiger Shark
PERTH, Australia, June 19-;P)-A
fisherman at Broome, northwest
Australia, caught a 9 ft. tiger
shark. Inside the sharlc was the
arm of Kathleen May Passaris, 22,
who was attacked by a shark five
days earlier.
Miss Passaris was swimming in
5 ft. of water. The shark tore
her arm off above the elbow. Miss
Passaris, a beauty contest winner,
is in Broome Hospital.
The shark was hooked by O.
Davey of Broome.
FLY UNI TED
up and back the same day
to ponnAND
On SEATTLE -TACOH A!
Lv. Salem i 8:35 am Lv. Seattle . 7:30 pm
kr. Portland . 9:05 am Lv. Portland t 8:40 pm
Ar. Seattle . .10:20 am Ar. Salem ; 9:15 pm
low fares. (Standard times shown.)
Past, convenient nights to California and "all the East.'
UNITED AIR LINES
Airport TsrminoL Call 2-245S er m IhaiUsa' fctnraf
2
"Na I a rally there'll be a little scientific research . . . bet the main part
f the jetr is appearing before CengressJenai committees,"
BREAD TRAY
oD
Including Federal Tax
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