The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, June 16, 1949, Page 4, Image 4

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lTao) Slot man, Salem. Oregon
frees Pint SUletaaae, March tt, LU1
CHAHMtS A SPTIAOUE. Editor and Publisher
Entered at the pestofflee at Salem. Oregon, a" oeee ad elate natter mttdt act of coBtrs March t, ll?f.
Pablished every morn Int. Business office tl ft. Cotnerclal. Kaleaa. Ores em. Telephone t-t!4l
Maintain Trade with China
A recent action by a croup of west coast Chi
nese is a small-scale counterpart of the general
American attitude toward China today.
The San Francisco Chinese Chamber of Com
merce, with business interests linked to the pros
perity of China, is campaigning to cut local lies
with the Thianff government and establish trade
relations "with theChinese communists. f
The chamber called for return to China; of
two Chiang Kai-shek government leader! to
face trial, according to the San Francisco Chron
icle. These two, T. V. Soong and H. H. Kung,
each onetime premier and director of China's
national economy, are now in the United States.
The Chinatown group wants them returned to
China to be charged with "corruption and caus
ing the downfall of the Nationalist government
through ffnancial manipulations and establish
ment of monopolistic business practices that
throttled free enterprise." 1
In effect, that is about the same way the Un
ited States as a whole feels: Americana are burn
ed up that the Nationalist regime they support
ed with dollars and supplies failed to come put
on top. They are sorry for the underdog but they
are particularly angry at those who caused; his
plight through corruption, inefficiency, misman
aged bureaucracy. Though it seems unlikely the
U.S. will send political refugees like Soong and
Kung back into the hands of the communists,,
popular sympathy for the Kuomintang will
probably be shortlived.
Americans who- have invested millions in
China are now willing to make friends, or at
least come to businesslike terms, with the Vic
torious communists. The Chinese need the ;oil,
equipment and skills that the West can provide
and will have to keep (trade channels opcrt to
get them. ) , ;
There's another, less cynical angle: Maintain
ing the flow of trade yould better serve "the
Nationalist cause than simply abandoning China
as a cold-war loss. Trade and communication
between the Far East and the United States will
discourage erection of a new wall around China,
and as long as this .new iron curtain is lifted
there is the chance that the communists will hot
be able to dominate China completely.
Navajo Uranium
Io! the poor Indian he's not so poor, after
all. .
There has been quite a fuss over the plight of
the Navajo Indians. Reports, some no doubt ac
curate, were circulated about how sadly the
Great White Father had neglected his south
western charges. The Indians were starving,
their children went around illiterate and ragged
and sick, their sheep were snatched away by
the government with nothing in return.
Meanwhile, as one writer put it, nature kept
her tongue in cheek.
This year it comes out that the 65,000 miser
able Navajos have been going hungry in a gold
mine, or, rather, they've been making clay pots
out of uranium. The metal that makes atom
bombs was recently discovered on the Navajo
reservations and now five open - pit uranium
mines are in operation there. They produce;200
tons a day and 30 other mines have been spot
ted. It's probably too early to tell, but the discov
ery of uranium to the Navajos may mean what
' oil meant for the Oklahoma red men. Some day
and it cannot come too soon the United
States' most primitive and least regarded native
Americans may be speaking English, sending
their children to good public schools, and given
French Make
Br Stewart Alsep
SAIGON, Indochina, June 15
The difference between China
and Indochina cai be simply
stated. In China, a world disaster
Is entering its final phases, in an
atmosphere of decay, disillusion
V and despair. But
r"x .in Indochina,
, . i world catastro-
- j gphe threatens, in
." rt'sn atmosphere
f I that is all light-
I hearted charm.
4 The catastro
phe that threat
ens here, of
course, is the
loss of the rest
of Asia to the
4" - . I . A I
danger point, where what has
happened in China 'may become
a chain reaction. But here in Sai
gon, the first thing-you notice
how well the French know how
to live. It Is only a rood deal
later that you remark how little"'
the French know how to govertw
The place is wonderfully
pretty, wonderfully ajrreeable
and wonderfully unreal. The
French colonial officials, who
were Indochina's only govern
ment for to long, have organized
for themselves in Saigon every
one of their favorite pleasures,
from the most admirable food
nd the most exquisite parks, to
the most interminable official
forms which the humble appli
cant must fill out with due res
pect; The while show is perfect
lit Its way, and entirely convinc
ing until you suddenly grasp the
fundamental fact that Saigon is
nothing but charming concen
tration camp.
The trouble to the rebellion
against French rule of Indo
china, which the communist
chieftain Ho Chi-minh and his
communist staff have been lead
ing since the end of the second
world war. Any European or
American venturing beyond the
perimeters of the city (except
by dubious court err of Air
France) risks death. Even with
Thnraday. Job 18. 1M1
Nmmi MM
"No Favor Sways V, No fear Shall Aof j
the right ' e unless the whites repeat their
spoliatio. uchre them out of their landa.
Bank Debits in Salem
Salem's gain in bank debits of seven per cent
for the first five months of 1949 puts it at the
head of the list in the Pacific northwest. The
gain for May was 14 per cent.
However, the figures are inflated because of
some duplication in deposits of state funds. The
Ladd & Bush-Salem branch of the United States
National bank is currently the state depository.
But since about the first of January the state
tax commission and the state liquor control com
mission have been depositing in the Salem
branch of the First National and then the state
treasurer has made a transfer by check to the
U. S. National. This duplicates the debiting of
these large sums. Commencing July 1, the First
National bank will be the depository and pre
sumably the transferring will not be continued.
Even taking off the total of this duplication,
Salem's showing wiU be Creditable. Business ac
tivity here is pretty yell diversified and stable
and hence is well sustained. We can't be an
isolated island of prosperity in a general slump;
but Salem will not suffer the acute dips that
come to communities dependent on a single
mercurial industry.
Robeffon and the USSR
Paul Robeson becomes ecstatic in praise of
Soviet Russia. In a contribution to Komsomol
Pravda, the youth communist publication, he
wrote of Russia as his "second motherland," and
said his impression of it when he first visited
the country in 1934 was that "here is a country
where a man can breathe easily and freely." He
felt he could raise his head high and sing songs
"with all my soul." j .
One sees in this the bursting of resentment
over the discrimination he and his race had felt
in America. All the accumulated bitterness flow
ed out. Russia claims to have abolished race
discrimination and so Robeson hailed it as a
"second motherland."
Not all negroes feel that way, despite the suf
fering they have experienced here. That was in
dicated when there was prompt rejection of the
declaration of one communist negro that mem
bers of his race would not fight for the United
States in a possible war with Russia.
We need not worry; about Robeson he is still
bitter against the status quo in America and
quite sympathetic to Russia. What we ought to
do in this country is to deal more justly with
minority groups, particularly the negroes who
have long been cast in an inferior role and
kept there.
To support a request for $18,000,000 more
federal funds to rehabilitate the federal barge
lines, a congressman cites how competition from
the lines has forced railroads to reduce their
freight rates. Yes, and look at the plight of the
roads, as indicated by the price of railroad
Steel workers are going after aAother pay
raise, but probably with little hope of getting
one. Maybe their economists will shift their line
of argument from "meeting the cost of living"
to "providing purchasing power" to avert a de
pression. But wage Increases do not come in a
receding market.
As the hearing on operations of the atomic
energy commission drag on, it looks as though
they would come a Hickenlooper.
Last Stand
in the city, when 'night falls,
one's sleep is apt to be disturbed
by machine gun and mortar fir
ing or by the explosion of gren
ades, which the followers of Ho
Chi-minh toss into restaurents
and theaters with monotonous
Somehow it is difficult to take
all this seriously, perhaps be
cause the French, who are really
much more indlfierent to per
sonal danger than 'Englishmen
and Americans, do not take it
very seriously. Indeed, for most
of them the little difficulties of
life in Saigon apparently add a
positive spice to existence. Yet
the stuation of the French in Sai
gon, and everywhere in Indo
china, is in truth serfous enough,
not only for the French but for .
the whole Western world.
Militarily, as they delight to
tell you themselves, the French
In Indochina in 1949 are in. the
same position as the Germans in
France in the early summer of
1944. Like the Germnas then, the
French now hold, at least during
the daytime, the larger towns
Saigon, Hanoi, Haipong.
They attempt to hold certain
main routes of communication.
In which their convoys and
trains are. regularly blown up.
They also ihold without dificulty
the racially distinct Interior pro
vincess of Laos and Cambodia
and certain key points on the
But for the rest, Viet Nam, the
important coastal part of Indo
china, is already Ho Chi-minh's.
That the French have come to
such a pass is, in the voluble
opinion of virtually every
Frenchman here, the fault of the
French, i
Viet Mmh, Ho Chi-minh's res.
istance movement, is now owned
heart and soul by the commun
ists. Yet the young men who
blows up trains or toes grenades
into cafes f for Ho Chi-minh art
not Marxists they have not
suddenly Is tree converted to
the theory of surplus value. They
simply mean to have the right to
make a mesa of things in their
inl Indochina
own way.
Every intelligent Frenchman
here will tell you that two years
ago, even one year ago, the
French should have offered them
that right under an authentic,
nationalist, non-communist lead
ership. Then the French would
have been able to retain every
important commercial, cultural,
and; political tie, losing only the
outer trappings of colonial rule.
This is precisely what the French
art now attempting to do, but
everyone agrees that they are
making the attempt very late.
Indochina today is a sort of
tripje distilled object lesson in
the f near fatal weaknesses of
the I French system of govern
ment. All softs of factors have
operated to make the French
position in Indochina almost
hopeless. But what is basically
responsible is the internal divi
sion, the necessity for endless
compromise, which is inherent
in French government, and
which makes any decisive ac
tion:: almost impossible.
Now at last the French are
acting. They have proposed an
independent government, of Viet
Nam, under the- former Anna
mite monarch. Bao Dai and they
have promised Bao Dai more
internal sovereignity than Ho
Chi-minh himself ever demand
ed. The intention is, of course,
to pare away from Ho Chi-minh
all but a small hard core of con
vinced Stalinists, rallying the
real nationalists around Bao Dai.
The French themselves say
that in Boa Dai they are playing
their last card. The card is being
played with the Chinese com
munists sweeping down toward
the . borders of Indochina. Ob
viously, much will depend on
Boa Dai. A forthcoming report
in this space will concern itself
with the ability of the young
monarch, and the assets which
he will still command la the
forthcoming struggle for? power
in this key country of Southeast
tCopyrifht. 1S4S. Hew York Bcrald
i TrttMia IskJ
beware or the
New Menace
Television! By Ilearr McLemore
NIW YORK, June 15 Tele
vision is here to stay. There's
no doubt about that
But art the,
television act-
ors and act
resses here to
It is my opin
ion that they
will all be cook
ed to death by
the blazingf
lights needed!
for television. If
was on televi-I
sion the other
night (if you McLesaere
missed it, drop to your knees
and thank Providence for giv
ing you such a break). When
I came out of the studio, a
man walked up to me, splashed
some Worcestershire sauce on
me. and started carving me.
"What in the world are you
doing, man?" I asked as he
sliced off a nice outside cut of
He fell back a few paces,
blinked in utter amazement, and
started running down the hall
crying as he went, "That's the
first roast beef I ever saw thst
could talk. Get me out of here."
I went to the nearest mirror
and took a look at myself. The
man was completely justified.
All I needed was a sprig of
fiarsley back of one eor and a
ittle Yorkshire pudding on my
Shoulders to double for a roast
(Continued from page 1)
smooth surface, the highway is
an inviting one to travel. The
kinks begin at the top of Can
yon creek, however, and that
section I understand is next in
line for reconstruction. Highway
99 is heSvily traveled, especial
ly in thy Eugene area, and on
the old narrow portion south
of Eugene speed must be accom
modated to the volume of traf
fic. The loop trip to the coast is
a "must" when one has guests
from other parts, as we have
had this week. From Corvallis
to Newport there are six miles
of dusty graveled road. On 101,
road work is under way at
Agate Beach and Delake, but
the stretches are short.
How many have driven south
of Waldport and Yachats to
Cook's Chasm, Just south of
Cape Perpetua? This is one of
the most interesting spots on
the Oregon coast. Tuesday, the
ocean put on a special perform
ance for our party: Spouting
horns in the clefts of the basalt,
and geyser sprays. A strong
wind drove big combers onto
the shore and over the rocks.
The summit section of the
Salmon river cutoff is being
widened, which will help the
week-end beach motorists great
ly by giving an outside lane for
slow-moving vehicles. This plan
works very well oon the rebuilt
hill sections of No. 99.
Not all the bad road is in
Oregon. The highway from
Walla Walla to Spokane it badly
broken up and when I drove
through the Pa louse country
Memorial day week end I saw
no signs that road repairing was
getting under way. I don't be
lieve any of the highways I have
traveled lately, however, is as
bad as the Kingwood Heights
road in Salem. You do need
good brakes to travel that
stretch without shaking your
dentures loose.
The tourist season is starting.
California licenses still predom
inate among foreign cars. Ac
commodations are abundant and
of good quality. The weather
has been excellent for touring
and it seems safe to predict
that Oregon will have a good
tourist season. But take it easy
when you motor; the roads in
many places will not permit
high speeds.
-One thlex abowt
tea ia the
f . v f ., . . , i
'beef any Englishman would ad
mire. I had literally been cooked
by the lights. For half an hour
I had been exposed to lamps
whose candle power must equal
that of the sun when the sun
is trying to show off. I had
freckles on me as big as serving
plates and must have looked, to
the audience, more like a sizzling
platter than a human being.
If you are at all ugly looking,
the way I am. don't ever accept
an offer to go on television. Re
ports are still coming in on the
way I looked on the magic
screen. A gentleman from Tex
arkana, Arkansas, called he
station and said that his child
ren, Pola. aged 11. and Bear,
aged 9. had run out the door
when I first appeared on the
set and had not yet been lo
cated. Tola and Bear are very dear
to me and my wife," he said.
"And we do not like to think
of them, two small children,
alone in this world, haunted by
the memory of McLemore's
face. Actually, ray wife does not
even know that Pola and Bear
have disappeared because he
fainted when McLemore first
made his appearance."
From Portland, Oregon, a man
wrote in to ask if I were alive
or dead when I made my first
television appearance. "I have
made a sizable wager that Mr
McLemore cme right to the
studio after being washed up
from the sea. If I am not cor
rect, then I will have to admit
that it'i possible for a man with
a green face, black eyes, no
ears, and a nose that resembles
a bottle cap. to make a per
sonal appearance. Please let me
know as soon as possible if the
apparition I saw was a man
or a zombie."
My wife saw the show and
filed suit for divorce before the
thing was over. "To think." she
told her lawyer, "that I had
given 10 of the best years of
my life to living with that thing
I just saw!"
Naturally, all this made me
feel very badly. The chances
ate that I would have gone out
and thrown myself under on
on-rushing tricycle had I not
stayed around to watch other
television shows and seen how
other people looked. They look
ed worse than I did. A beautiful
brunette looked like one of
Macbeth' witches on the screen.
A Barry more-looking man flick
ered around on the television
set like a baboon in a double
breasted suit. I came away from
the studio convinced I was one
of the right prettiest things in
the world, and I probably will
have to hire a secretary to han
dle my correspondence from
lonely heart ladies who fell in
love with me over the coaxial
Milton Berle just walked out
of the office, but before he left
the man they call "Mister Tele
vUion" said to me. "Lay off my
racket, Henry. What with your
oil wells and gold mines, you've
got enough money without try
ing to beat a poor fellow like
me out of a job."
I said that I would, but pub
lic demand will undoubtedly
cause me to haunt your living
room once again.
In closing, let me ask that
if any of you see little Polo and
little Bear return them to me,
express prepaid, and I will see
that they get back to Texar
kana. McNaught Syndicate, Inc.
Better English
By D. C. Williams
1. What is wrong with this
sentence? "Do you know who I
can get to succeed me?"
2. What is the correct pronun
ciation of "algebra"?
3. Which one of these words is
misspelled? Juniper, Junier, clo
thier, financier.
4. What does the word "irre
vocable" mean?
5. What is a word beginning
with po that means "born after
the death of the father"?
1. Say, "Do you know whom I
can get to succeed me?" 2. Pro
nounce al-je-bra, first a as in at,
e as in me, second a as in ask
unstressed, not as in day. 3. Jun
ior. 4. Incapable of being revo
ked; unalterable. "It is an irre
vocable law." S. Posthumous.
By Lichty
off, SBodgnas . . m have the
seggesttoi box
Sets Frequent
Work Meetings
The newly organized state tax
commission Wednesday decided to
meet frequently, probably as often
as twice a week, for the purpose
of disposing of a backlog of tax
On hand are a large number of
proposed adjustments involving
both property valuations and tax
assessments. Chairman Carl
Chambers said it was the hope of
the commission to dispose of most
of the accumulation of tax protests
within the next months.
Other members of the commis
sion are Ray Smith, in charge of
the state income tax division, and
Robert Maclean, head of the as
sesment and taxation department.
Millmen to Vote
On Wage Offer
Members of the Salem Millmen's
union, local 1411. will hold a spec
ial meeting at the labor temple
tonight to consider a 1H cents per
hour wage increase offered by
mill employers.
Portland millworkers rejected
the offer Tuesday. A union
spokesman there said the offer was
reiected br a vote of 402 to 0.
Nearly 100 union members in
Salem were laid off when union
officials and employers could not
reach an agreement on a union
request last April 25. The union
asked a 17 4 cents per hour in
crease. The present scale ranged
from $1.45 to fl.77',2 cents per
The dispute is statewide and
involves the Woodworker Employ
ers association. Salem plants in
volved include Oregon Pulp and
Paper company, plant, Keith
Brown, Salem Willamette Supply
and Reinholt and Lewis.
DOF.SK To Mr. and Mrs. Jack
L. Doerk, 156A Duncan ave., a
son, Wednesday, June 15, at Sa
lem Memorial hospital.
r,G R.MAN To Mr. and Mrs.
Jack Gorman, 2488 K. Nob Hill t..
a daughter, Wednesday, June 15, at
Salem Memorial hospital.
JOHNSON To Mr. and Mrs.
William N. Johnson, 248 S. 17th
st., a daughter, Wednesday, June
15 at Salem General hospital.
LENKAU To Mr. and Mrs.
Kenneth Lenkau, Independence
route 1, a son, Wednesday, June
15 at Salem General hospital.
FISCHER To Mr. and Mrs. Ed
ward J. Fischer, 1212 Dearborn
ave., a daughter, Wednesday, June
15 at Salem General hospital.
Gifts hXhi, sY0U choose
SttaMD I
HimiaoB asWI FaoW tosnplssaant
i tost of cssae. Sea
A Small Down Payiwewt-iaUnce Weekly or MontMy
At No hsra Ckarfe.
ST9 State Street
Statesman Sky
Weather pennltUnr. "Statesman 8kygrajnsn win be flashed fram the
Goodyear blimp ever the Salem area tonight. Bulletins will be tele
phoned direct from The Statesman's news room to the blimp's base
in Portland, but becaose of the several hours spread before they
can be flashed from the skies they will not necessarily comprise the
latest news at the time they appear. The 150-foot blimp "Volun
teer." skippered by Capt R. It.
man skygrams last year.
Grange Backs
CVA Measure
COOS BAY. June 15HP)-The
Oregon State Grange voted un
animously today to endorse the
administration's Columbia valley
administration bill and press con
gress for passage this year.
The grangers also called upon
congress for another matter that
the Troutdale aluminum plant be
AIICE CO., of IlcIlIHIiVILLE, have had
special low lire insurance rales for iaraerf
since 1894.
Ask hi also about Fam Liability Insurance.
It is a MUST COVERAGE lor Fanners.
Scellars, Foley & Rising, Inc.
A Progreaaive Insurance Office
143 8. liberty St. j. Tel. 2-4143
tbe i
t '
grams Tonight ;
Ilobensack. first flashed The States-
moved to another site unless the
problem of fluorine fumes can be
solved. Farmers have complained
the fumes damage their crops and
The sales tax will come before
the convention tomorrow morn
ing. A tax committee will bring
a resolution favoring a state sales
tax to the convention floor.
Other resolutions, passed by
committees but: not yet acted upon
by the full convention, approve
the old age pension law, and con
demn the "spoils system" of
himztlf. . .
Hontitom gifts that
shw Individuality
and goto tastt. Dad
will l thrilltd and
proud to roclv
thtm. And with
vary purchot goat
a Unf trm guaran
Wrist Yatchts
1mami1mfTU. tax