The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, May 24, 1949, Page 9, Image 9

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    Polish Vessel
Reported as
Spy-Runner
By DMflu B. Orwell
WASHINGTON. May 23 -(A)-Congressional
investigators ar
running down a tip that a number
of spies and communists haw
sneaked into and out of the coun
try aboard the Polish ship Batory.
on which communist Gerhart Eia
ler skipped out Mar
An informant whose informa
tion usually is reliable said a
mysterious "big-wheel" commun
ist using the party nam "At" Is
reported to have fled on the Bat
ory. References to "Al" appeared
in the spy hearings held last year
by the house un-American actl
viues committee.
In a report last September 25 oa
"communist espionage and the
atomic bomb, the un-American ac
tivities committee said that com
munist Steve Nelson talked about
"Al" and wrote letters to him fre
quently. NHsm Accused
The committee has accused Nal
son of having served as a wartime
red espionage agent on the weat
eoast. Nelson now is communist
party organiser for western Penn
sylvania with headquarters la
Pltt.burgh.
Eisler, who left the country oa
the Batory. once was described by
the committee as the number one
communist agent In the United
States.
English authorities took him off
the Batory at Southampton. Eng
land, at the request of the United
ates government. The Unfed
( demanded extradition and
the rase is pending In London.
Breads! 4 a Planned
The House un-American acti
vity's committee, meanwhile, plan
ned to open up a broadside espio
nage inquiry during the coming
week.
Officials said (he committee, in
a series of heanngs starting Tues
day, intends to:
I Iok Into the possibility that
soma United Nations agencies
hve been used as a screen to cone-el
the entry of spies Into this
c ijri'rv A woman employe of U.
N r,d her hj.iband are under
lub(Kieni.
t Reoten tie Arthur Adams
"espionage rane."
I Dig again into the S'ev Nel
son "scientist Xv"case.
4 Head down some entirely
new espionage trials about which
anemben are keeping num for
the time being
. 5
1
-A
V f
v
KEEPINC COMPANY
H DIFFICULTY Margaret Lackharts stirrup
rides high M ha take Silver Stream II aver a hurdle at the Rejal Winds Ilerse Shew. England.
Big 4 Opens Paris Talks with
Virtual Deadlock on Germany
By J. M. Kebert. Jr.
AP Tam&a New Analyst
WASHINGTON. May 23 The big four ministers seem to be
opening their Paris conference in a virtual deadlock on Germany.
The allies are determined to hold economic and political advan
ces gamed in western Germany in the year and a half since the coun
cil's futile meeting in London.
If there is to be any agreement on German unity, say the allies.
it must be through extension of
The gtqtwMTw,- Solent, Oregon, Today. May 24, 13t3
Stocks Drop to
3-Month Low
NEW YORK. May 23HP-Th
stock market dropped to the low
eat average level in nearly three
Biiiiths today.
Weakness in the steel group pav
ed the way for a general decline.
L e of fractions to nearly two
points were enough to puh many
key Usues to new low prt -ea for
the year.
Trading vol ;me t'jrn Jir
mounted to only 720,000 shares.
It wa one of the slowest lays of
the year. I
The Associated Press average of
t) itix'ki lost 4 of one pint of j
82 5 Industrial stocks hxe1 the 1
largest average loss. f.ii ) a e i by
rails and utilities.
The average wai at h lowest
figure sine 62 4 was ou.-hed on
February 18 and I ' h I 'i easy
allotting distance of the -tli low
f 914
Grains Make
FairS Advances
CHICAOO, May 23 -ir-Al-
fhougt It :wsnt much of a mar- i
ket from te standpoint of activity, '
grains made fair-sued advances on j
the board' of trade today. Moat j
strength was shown by wheat
among the major cereals, but both
rye and foybeans had gains ea
ten ling to 2 cants
There Was not a great deal In
the news to encourage buying,, but
apparently some speculative in
terest wa attracted into the mar
ket by the fact that wheat and
corn are telling so far below pot
ential government loan rates for
cash grain. Eastern commission
houses bought,
Wheat closed 1 - 1H higher,
torn was;- to 1 cent higher, oats
were S lower to S higher, rye
was 2 rents higher, soybeans were
S to 2 cents higher and lard waa
S to 8 cents t a hundred pounds
higher.
One reason for buying in wheat
may have been mora heavy rains
in wide section of the southwest
over the: week-end. traders said.
These rains are not wanted at this
time
ElfAtronr Low Bid
On Roofing Air Bae
MOUNTAIN HOME, Idaho, May
11 Air force officials today
rid the R. L. Elfstrom company of
item. Ore , had a low bid of $21.
Cub l'ak 10 Holds
Picnic at Dallas Park
Cub pick 10. sponsored by the
Richmond school Parent -Teacher
association, held its annual picnie
Sunday at Dallas city park Forty
seven parents and 31 boys were on
hand k
Following a picnic lunch 43 Cub
Scouts received awards The pro
gram included a variety of riaft
and contesta In which winner de
ceived prls of candy.
497 for Roofing approximately SO
buildings at this air base
No contract will be awarded un
til after- review at strategic air
force headquarters in Omaha.
FREEZE FOOD AT
HOME THE EASIER,
ECONOMICAL WAY
SAVE TIME 'SAVE SPACERS AVE MONEY
Q00
tend this cowpoa today
for prompt del vary
nmat cot, im
71 II
-i. ' , t
sdlsrd . 71 tssai 1 M.T. "
hMta-nyw, me omw to your nomt
freeze problems, is a complete kit with
six washable, soiWtory polythene bowls
and a fwN supply q4 moistvro-proof stor
oa bogs with spoce for notin data
and contents.
How yew con home-freeze even U yow.
refrigerator without the bother ood ex
pense of of lembltng boxet, by re-using
oty-to-stock, en break able freeie
Forts. "HOW TO HOaafl MCTCT" SNSTsvCTtOHg
WTTM IACN eaCKAOt
i
"v
11
West Germany
BAeicitsfittinn
1 .IIIILILLILIIIII I
Takes Effect
BONN. May 2-tP-The Bonn
constitution for 42.000,000 western
Germans was formally proclaimed
in effect today just five minutes
before the gavel fell at the open
ing of the four-power foreign
ministers conference In Paris,
Dr. Konrad Adenauer. 70-year-old
president of the Bonn parlia
mentary council announced "I pro
claim the basic law" after a color
ful 40-minute ceremony In which
all but two of the i delegate
affixed their signatures to the doc
ument. The two abstainers were com
munists Heinz Renner and Max
Reimaan. When his name was
called Renner went to the rostrum
as if to sign, bdt then announced
"I will not sign the division of
Germany."
Adenauer, however, concluded
the ceremony with a statement in
which he asserted the "firm con
viction that our work has contri
buted to a unified Germany. I
hope all Germany will be unified
under this flag soon."
The flag is the gold, red and
black of the pre-Hitler Weimar
republic, adopted by the conven
tion for the new west Germany
federal republic.
Should the Paris conference
succeed, the Bonn construction
the first written Germany guar
antee of democratic liberties since
Hitler may become the consti-
The main question at Paris is f tut ion for the Russian zone too.
whether the Russians will make Authoritative reports from Pans
real concessions in order to ob- I sald western power were
: agreed toe tsonn constitution must
be the basis for any political unifi
cation of German). They pio;xv-.e
j not to recognize the cnmnvitust
j dom.nater! people's congress as an
i east German government.
the western federal constitution
and its accompanying policies
Allied officials have been more
vocal about their plans for the
meeting than have the Russians.
However, Russian propaganda or
gan have repeatedly said no "ul
timatum" will be accepted, and
have given a general idea of Rus
sia's expected proposals. These
include unification of Germany
under a central government and a
peace treaty providing withdraw
al of occupation troop. But Rus
sia r. views of what a central gov
ernment should be are vastly dif
ferent from those of the allies, and
th. allies cannot envision the end
of occupation for a long time.
On one or two points there may
be some agreement. The ending
of the Berlin blockade has made
some sort of settlement impera
tive. Money, trade between the
east-west zones, and various ad
ministrative matters are expected
to com up. 1
The conference should reveal j
clearer Insight Into future Russian
policy.
It seems clear, from the lift-
ing of the blockade, the propa- j
ganda that peace can be attained, I
and from the more approachable j
attitude of her diplomats Russia '
desires a truce.
Western diplomats have not ac
cepted these actions as a desire
for real peace, but rather a shift
of tactics in the face of grow
ing allied unity and power. It Is
taken as a desire to dull the ur
gency with which western defenses
are being prepared, and to ease
the economic war which is hin
dering Russia's own development
and damaging her position in the
satellites states.
Released GIs
Tell of Czech
Fake Spy Trial
i STRAUBING. Germany, May 23
j -- Two American soldiers
claimed today that the Czechs
"railroaded" them Into prison as
"spies in a weird trial without
witnesses or evidence.
tain a period of truce.
ir""a
Top U.S. Red
Attacks Trial
C!ieiueketan8 Plan
Three-Day Trip to
ica's top communist Sunday issued. lOllfl ILJaV IkelOIl
a 27.000-word attack on U.S. gov- I P
eminent charges in the communist A three-dav trip to the geolo
conspiracy trial. The attack came i irk ally famous John Day region of
on the eve of the opening of : central Oregon is slated for Satur
defense arguments. ! day. Sunday and Monday by Sa-
The statement by communist na- ! lem Chemeketans. A. W. Hancock
tional chairman William Z. Foster j of Portland, fossil expert, will be
called charges against the 11 de- guest leader.
fendants "a lie" and "a complete j Saturday will be spent in driv
denial of free speech and a vio- j ini? to the camp aite. Sunday in
la t ion of our constitutional rights." collecting fossils and other geolo
Foster was Indicted with the I Kical specimens. Monday in visit
other U. S. communist leaders the John Day mammal beds
when the trial opened but was and the return to Salem Camp is
rranted a xevereanr. hecaua. of : to be made about four miles from
illness.
He will be tried later.
The American robin is a mem
ber of the thrush family. The true
robin redbreast- the old world robin-
is a member of the warbler
family.
Clarno grange hall, with campfire
entertainment in the evenings.
Chemeketans and others wish
ing to participate are to registex
by Thursday evening at 248 N
C ommercial st or with Margaret
E. Peper, who is in charge of arrangement.
WHEELED TAKEOF F Gloria Nerd. the American
Skating Vanities, dees a reJIer leap during a rehearsal in Paris.
XX
rtr aad Iwrntr UkMrs
Baked la a s4.
Had attain mm gd Maetee
Fee UmmpMm ymm sad L
FKEE PIOTOGKAPS!
Size S x 7 Inches
OF YOUR CHILD
Agm 2 months to S yr
Continued by Popular Demand
4
At your Grocer
Hurry ! Today. Wednesday and Thursday Last Days I
May 24-2S-2S
Positively Last Days)
1 a.'v" f m. - - v
k- 'V - "
1 m
v
V-.-
1T fe
t
"1' I'aX .'
SI 1
CHILDREN 2 MONTHS TO 5 YEARS
MUST BE ACCOMPANIED BY PARENTS
SELECTION Of PROOFS
NO APPOINTMENT NECESSARY
NO OBLIGATION TO BUT
To Al Metken of Salem and VMsUffy
To make new friends and in appreciation of past pairoev
aae, we have arranged with a specialist in child pho
tography, to make a FREE PHOTOGRAPH of your child
in our tor, today. Wed. and Thurs. May 24. 25. 28.
Ho coat, no obligation, nothing to buy . . . it's FREE.
STOtI HOURS JO AM. te $d00 fJA.
TOY and HOBBY SHOP
The soldiers were freed yester
day by pardon of Czech President
Klement Gottwald after serving
54 days in a military prison.
Recruit Clarence R. Hill. 32. of
Para pa. Tex, had been sentenced
to 12 years and Recruit George R.
Jones, 22. of Owens bo ro. Ky ta
10 years.
Both denied emphatically that
they were spies.
They were arrested just inside
the Csech border last Decern bar
f. U.S. army ' authorities aid they
were absent without leave from
their posts with the U S. Constab
ulary in Germany.
Triad Seeewtly
They were tried secretly hi
Prague March 2s.
"Hell, that was no trial." Jones
scoffed. Thst was just a railroad
job. They tried to get military
information out of us and told us
we'd be sent to Siberia if we didn't
give thorn th Information they
wanted."
Th court as four men and one
woman all wearing civilian
clothes took only 10 minute to
arrive at the verdict the soldier
bad
warned to expert, the
Both soldiers claimed they had
been beaten on the heads, backs
and feet during questioning" by
plainclothes interrogators they be
lieved to be Czech secret police.
"They asked us all kinds of
question trying to get military
Information.' Hill said. "But we
didnt tell them anything."
LA- Col. Charles Y. Talbot. Con
stabulary executive officer, said
the soldiers are under arrest ia
quarters here pending investiga
tion of their disappearance , last
December 1.
Four Injured
In Portland
Streetcar Fire
PORTLAND. Mar li-iJ-Tar
the second time in four month,
a- Council Crest streetcar burst In
to flames here today. The motor
man was burned and three naa-
sengers injured rushing out the
oack door.
It wa th. same motormin who
piloted the trolley car that burst
afire previously.
Motorman Jamas L. Johnson, 61,
said. "I think I must be a jinx." -A
abort circuit In the control
ler sent flames shooting up Into
the vestibule. Hi band were
burned as he stayed to sat th
brake.
About IS passenger wero
abroad. All escaped, but three suf
fered minor injuries in the rush.
lien a Westerner
Goes East
s
XltMII.IllX --
.
He choose Union Pacific th westerner's railroad
for pleasant, comfortable, luxurious travel... choice
of sleeping car accommodations, restful sleep-easy
coach seats, dining and loung car service.
Dally
CITY OF PORTLAND
Through to Chicago ... fast schedule early arrival
convenient connections to all Eastern center
Including
CLEVELAND
NEW YORK
MMwjraar!
DETROIT
BOSTON
WASHINGTON jLj j PHILADELPHIA
pOQITILACuE) QGE"
. . . through service every day
OMAHA i? CHICAGO & DENVER KANSAS CITY
connections to
ST. LOUIS TEXAS EAST SOUTHWEST
"0 ADA ADD
. . . ceo from daily for
DENVER KANSAS CITY & ST. LOUIS
EAST $ SOUTHWEST
Throve! cor connectm; with
Gty of Sf. Levi" Streamline.
EN ROUTE vi Union Pacific visit th recreatloi
and ac.nic wonderlands of the West . . . Sun Valley,
Yellowstone, th Grand Tetona, Zioo, Brce, Gran4
Cenon, eg th Colorado Kocki.
i7
Baaea 71 THUmk. WUmk.
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