The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, May 11, 1949, Page 4, Image 4

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Available m certain areas.
Camble for a Redoubt
In London last Mk the United States asked
the Far Eastern commission to relax control of
Japan's foreign and economic policies so that
the Japanese may enter "trade, economic and
commercial agreements'.
The idea, U.S. diplomate said, la to put the ;
defeated country back on its own feet and '
lighten the $500,000,000 annual load on Ameri-
can taxpayers. And Time last week pointed out
the long-range significance of such a move: the i
establishment of a -Marshall plan for Asia in
which Japan might serve as the industrial
workshop . . . (to) help wean Asia from Red
But who says e ran count on Japan to stay
on our side if and when America's precarious :
foothold in Asia is threatened, Nathaniel Peffer,S
International relations professor at Columbia, ;
asks in last week's New York Times magazine. I
He writes:
"We Bee Japan as a bulwark, a springboard,
an ally against Russia. The sooner It Is rehablb
tited the more useful it will be. so we expedite
lu rehabilitation. . , . We have reduced repara
tion, especially with regard to (potential war
Industries). . . The came men who were in
power before tne war have . . . eased themselves
gJn to -power again. ... If nd when the occupa
tion withdraws the basic structure of Japan will
l what It was befoie. ... By what reasoning
n it be concluded that after Japan gets
strong again it will necessarily fight on our
site (in case of war)?"
Instead, historical precedent and human psy
chology give us reasons to predict that Japan
would play one fide against the other and deal
with the highest bidder if she ever gets a
chance. Peffer believes. Even more likely, Japari
will move again into Manchuria, Korea, China,
Thailand, Malaya "as our ally and on our be
Such possibilities have made the people of
China. India. Australia. New Zealand and the
Philippines cynical and uneasy end distrustful
of American motives, he claims. The opposition
of Britain, on behalf the commonwealth nations;
and France to the American proposal before the
Far Ha i tern commission would support Peffer'S
To regain Asia's moral faith In American de
mocracy, the United States should end en
couranement of Japan's recovery of prewar
strength. Enough American assistance to tide
over the transition to a peace economy is all the
Japanese should get, the professor suggests.
Peffer s argument sounds like a cross between
Russia's protests agsinst American "imperial
Urn" and Frances efforts to keep Germany;
wek and dependent.
As in Germany, the softened American policy
In Japan is a camble. We are taking a chance
that Western Germany won't turn sour on de
mocracy. And there's the chance that the grand,
perhaps noble, experiment in Japan will back
fire. But, as Time concluded, there seems to be
no better plan, no safer way.
, , . . . a
Henry A. Wallace in testimony before a sen
ate committee opposed the Atlantic pact for fear
it would lead to war. James W. Gerard, former
embassador to Germany, supported the pact,
predicting war if it is not approved. Each
reaches too far in his testimony. The pact itself
. will neither bring nor prevent war. The pur
ple of its frame rs is to serve notice that west
ern powers will defend themselves hoping the
warning will be heeded: and that they will de
fend themselves if attacked. War however would
spring from deeper causes than this 'treaty.
Incidental information dept: The Games arid
Apple Manufacturing Co. of Salem deals in rope,
wire adders and tow lines.
U.S.. Russia
By J. M. Reeeria. Jr.
AP Torrtga Affairs Auint
. The -united States is moving
eouuously, and Russia by frontal
attack, to see what ran be dime
about revived trade between
Mtern and ..western Europe.
The problem for the United
St ties has been to 'compromise
tw prime and conflicting needs.
One is to obtain for western
Europe the eastern products
without which, it was recognized
fn the beginning, the Marshall
Plan cannot be a complete suc
ces. The other Is not to give the
Etit. in return, anything which
ternis to build up Soviet power.
Technically, this latter objec
tive has been approached from
the military standpoint, but
since- economic power and mili
tary power go hand in hand. tne
practical result has been econ
omic war and damage to recov
ery on both sides ef the Iron Cur
tain. Official reports Indicate that
the' damage in the east has been
greater than in the west; that the
M,lotev Plan is failing aanoag
. the Russian satellites, and that
their own two. three and five
a yr plans are far from achieve
ment. But western Europe'
K -1
Jtaror Sways Us. ! Jer Stall Atee
Frees First suiiii. Mrcfc tt, mi
CHJ A. KPRAQUT. Editor and Publisher
More Power for the Northwest
The Walla Walla Union-Bulletin urges that
Bonneville Power administration be empowered
to borrow from that U-SL treasury sums required
to expedite construction of much-needed dams
on the Columbia river. The minor Increase) in
costa of electricity it figures about five per
cent 'would be a small price for the Pacific
northwests to pay in return for the advantage
of going ahead now when the power is needed."
The Union-Bulletin attributes the unwilling
ness of congress to appropriate more money to
the fact that much of the investment is not re
imbursable and so is charged off to navigation,
flood control, etc.
Are we not making a mistake in pushing too
many projects at once? Oregon has been plug
ging for the McNary dam; Washington for the
Chief Joseph (roster creek) and Ice Harbor
dams. Would it be better to concentrate on one
big dam and push It to' completion and then
build the next one?
Also, it is possible to construct steam plants
in comparatively short time which would pro
vide the standby power needed for peak periods.
What we lack is integrated planning and co
ordinated execution of our plans, as well as
money from Washington. A CVA would provide
the first two; but there are other ways in which
they can be supplied. Congress still Is the source
of supply for funds unless states, public and
private utilities will make investments in power
Leo "The Lip" Durochers suspension was lift
ed by Baseball Czar Chandler and he is back
as manager of the New York Giants. We have
thought sometimes that his antics on the base
ball diamond and off are net Just putting on an
exhibition to attract more customers. The rag
ging the referees and bulldozing everyone else
may be just part of the act. Some managers
would make a baseball game Into a wrestling
match, with lota of mayhem to gratify the
"bloodthirsty" bleacher crowds..
in response to a newspaper story that the
Portland city council turned down a request
for $1500 to buy a mate for the lonely camel In
the city zoo during Be Kind to Animals Week, a
letter to the editor of the San Francisco Chron
icle suggests that the friendly, hospitable thing
to do would be to Invite the Oregon ship of the
desert to San Francisco's zoo for a nice two
week' vacation .... Love, they say, will find a
When It looked as though Salem would not be
represented with a float in the Rose Festival
parade in Portland this year, Douglas Yeater
took hold and succeeded in raising to date near
ly the full amount necessary, $1500. with sev
eral firms yet to be heard from. The Salem
Cherrians will again march with the Salem
float and the capital city will thus present a
creditable appesrance in this great event.
Seek Revival of Trade
historic trade patterns also ase
heavily involved.
There is no argument in west
em Europe against the U.S. posi
tion that military materials must
not be shipped to the east. But
there is dissension among the
allies over ihe restof the pro
gram, conducted in secret by ex
pert veterans of the economic
warfare against Japan and Ger
many. It involves decisions as to
what machinery constitutes war
potential, and what does not
American rulings are enforced
through the Economic Coopera
tion Administration's power over
re-export ef EGA supplies and
over export of materials for
which Marshall Plan goods are
The U5. recently lifted export
license requirements on a long
list of non-controversial goods.
But the great need of eastern
Europe la .for ' machinery which
still ia subject to controls.
Pressure for easement of these
controls is two-way. France,
Britain. Sweden and . Switzer
land are all big producers and
need export markets. Russia has
been unable to keep her prom
ises to the satellites and wants
March X. 17.
The people in Mississippi who got panicky
when a radio announcer put on a fictional broad
cast telling that the moon had fallen into the
sun didn't know their astronomy. Such a colli
sion wouldn't hurt earth's mortals, for the sun
is 93 million miles away and the moon only
238,000 miles from earth.
Klamath Indians are said to be the second
richest tribe in the country, the oil-rich Osages
being first. Now the Klamaths are to get $300
a month apiece from tribal funds, derived chief
ly from sales of fine timber. With that regular
stipend the number of squaw-men is apt to in
crease. . ,
them to be able to buy to take
some of the heat off herself.
Russian propaganda is stress
ing the possibility of cooperation
between different economic sys
tems. If two different systems
could collaborate in war, even
more can they collaborate in
peacetime. the Moscow radio
says. The Russian delegate re
ported to the Economic commis
sion for Europe that the eastern
bloc wanted the trade and would
welcome a change In UJS. pol
icy. There is fairly general accep
tance of the theory that Russia
has no Idea of making war now.
This makes some of the most ex
treme measures seem unneces
sary. But no can say positively,
and mlsjudgment- on this score
could aneen suicide. Also. Rus
siaj communism has promised
repeatedly to "get" the western
countries sooner or later.
When the west has become
strong enough it may prove prof
itable to see how Russia wiU
react to some relaxation of pres
sure. The trick will be to recog
nize that time when it arrives
and not let it slip by without
action. For economic wax, pres
sed too relentlessly, historically
leads to shooting war.
(Continued from page 1)
(Continued from page 1.)
sharply attacked by residents
along the street who object to
widening and want one-way
traffic instead of two-way traf
fic four lanes.
The final vote was six to two
In favor of the resolution. While
the resolution Is comprehensive
It is by no means finaL The coun
cil will move as the highway
commission moves; and in view
of Its lack of funds that may not
be very fast, except on tne new
bridge. In the Interval new ideas
any be developed and plans al
tered accordingly.
What Is done however Is to In
dicate a readiness to cooperate
along the general lines recom
mended by Engineer Baldock,
with modification for the truck
access route from the north.
When agreement is made on
specific street and route changes
then the city will have to adopt
the necessary ordinance to im
plement the agreement.
I had anticipated that the
hearing would be principally a
field day for opponents of the
Baldock plan, because those who
are hurt by the change are more
apt to be expressive than those
who are not hurt or who might
be helped. But the supporters of
the plan proved stronger In num
bers and In arguments than I
had counted on. There was no
doubt that people were informed
on what the plan proposes. For
the most part the speeches were
cogent and the arguments well
I am satisfied that the program
sdopted by the council is a real
step forward for Salem, that if
will bring relief to what is be
coming a very critical municipal
problem: the movement of traffie
through the city and across the
river. And the sooner we start
to put it into effect the better
off the city will be.
Mayor Robert L. Elfstrom did
a good Job of presiding at the
Monday night meeting; and sup
plied the leadership which
TaaUsUc! ... yew saeasi to fen aa the vahUc Ttawws Basse aeeal
what it waats than i; g . . . T
6 f 1 1
I n C I I"! . . i r-li-ri rtJ
j By Max Ball
TORY, by Foster Rhea Dalles
(CroweDt $4Ji)
From any conceivable point of
view, the growth of labor unions
has been a factor in American
history! that can hardly be ig
nored. ' Yet history textbooks
have often dealt with the subject
skimpily. The wars and the
great political leaders naturally
get most of the attention. Many
Americans, witnessing with as
tonishment the immense effects
of labor-management relations
on the nation in modern times,
may feel that they have some
how missed learning when and
why they struggled to their pres
ent position.
Dulles, history professor et
Ohio State University, has writ
ten a (book that will do pretty
well for the reader who wants to
fill this kind of gap in his learn
ing. ;
Diues tells the story from the
colonial period to the Taft-Hartley
Without sensationalizing, he
Better English
By D. O. wnUasas
1. What Is wrong with this sen
tence? "I went past the post of
fice. 2. What is the correct pronoun
elation of -cajole"?
3. Which one of these words
Is misspelled? Fateeg, Fahrenheit,
4. What does the word "cavil
mean? 5. What is a word beginning
with eb that means "disused; out
of date"?
1. Ml went by the post office"
is preferable. 2. Pronounce ke
Jol, as in ask unstressed, as
in ne. accent second syllable. S.
Fatigue. 4. To make frivolous ob
jections or criticisms. "There is
always a disposition, also to cavil
at the conduct of those in au
thority." Irving. 5. Obsolete.
brought a reasonable decision In
a complex problem.
By Lichty
makes a readable book out of it,
even exciting in places. No
man's judgments are infallible,
especially in a field like this, but
Dulles' approach seems thought
ful and unprejudiced. And he
has packed a lot of information
In 402 pages.
Interesting personalities walk
through this book Fanny
Wright, William H. Sylvia, Ter
ence V. Powderly, John Mitchell,
Samuel Gompers, Eugene Debs,
John L. Lewis, Philip Murrtty,
Walter Reuther. (
The author describes the Inci
dents of appalling violence that
ocurred at intervals from the
1870s right up until 1937. The
historic strikes of 1946, which he
also describes, were largely
Organized labor's various es
says in politics, even as far back
as the Jacksonian 1830s, are dis
cussed in detail.
One of the best chapters is the
one called "Rise Of The CIO."
John L. Lewis is pictured in all
his force and flamboyancy. The
author relates how Big Bill
Hutcheson of the Carpenters Un
ion called Lewis a naughty name
at Atlantic City in 1935 and
Lewis replied with a savage up
per cut to the chin.
Other features of the latter
part of the book include the phe
nomenal expansion of unions
under the New Deal and Presi
dent Roosevelt's troubles with
Lewis before and during the war.
Comdr. Scott
To.Speak at
Realtors Meet
Featured speaker at a p re
tourist promotional meeting at the
Marion hotel Friday noon will be
globe-trotting Commander A. W.
Scott, the radio narrator.
The Salem Board of Realtors
is sponsoring the luncheon which
will coincide with a Salem visit
of the Oregon Advertising club's
tourist week caravan. Members
of Salem civic groups have been
invited to attend along with per
sonnel or nrms which deal di
rectly With tourists.
The meeting will be a send-off
for the tourist season designed to
emphasize the importance of the
tourist industry in Oregon. A film
which illustrates the problem of
dvingr tourists a proper welcome
will be shown, and the Oregon
Advertising club's plan to give
better reception to visitors will
be explained. j
rosiorricE burns
ROSEBURG, May .10-0P-Fire
wiped out the pcetoffice at Win
chester, on the Pacific highway
five miles north of here, today.
Lose was estimated at approxi
mately $10,000. i
im - : . : 1 :
ft? y
- j
Rocket Site
Offered For
Paltry Slim
MIAMI. Fla, May 10 Now,
why did they have to go and pick
Florida for a guided missile
There are 4T
other states, and
as crackers
down here felt
we'd be right
safe in case an
other war came.
because who
would want to
destroy what wei
Even a crazy
enemy wouldn't
spend his money
and resources
knocking out ba-
thing beauties.
alligators, - citrus
groves, ants.
cockroaches, race tracks, sunburn,
roulette wheels, the Gulf Stream,
fixed thermometers, and hurri-
But with the coming of the
guided missile launching site to
our state, the enemy would nat
urally pick on us right at the
start. We'd be the first to get the
be-daylighU kicked out ef us.
Pretty little things wearing
pretty near to nothing would be
afraid to strike a charming pose
agsinst a palm tree lest a bearded
Russian pop up and give the Si
berian wolf call. Tarpon, sailflsh
and marlin would be afraid to
strike a lure for fear they would
be pulled out of the water by a
Kremlin Kaster and sent off to a
fish labor csmp. And a Chamber
of Commerce secretary wouldn't
dare go to the top of a building
and breathe on a thermometer to
lift it from 63 to 80 degrees. He
might be picked off by a sniper in
a jet-propelled droshky.
missile business is going to change
our skinny little ol' state no end.
It might wind up with most Flor
ldans moving to California, and
that would tear their very hearts
out, even if they got out there and
found It to be just as good a state,
if not better.
e e e
But, being a man who faces re
ality, and who sorely needs the
money, if the government is bound
and determined to put that missile
contraption Jtn Florida, I would
like to suggest my front yard as a
perfect location for It. I began to
see the possibilities of my front
yard as a launching site when I
read that upwards of $200,000,000
was going to be spent" on the de
velopment. Frankly, I could use
more than $200,000,000, but there
is no use my denying that by
pinching a million here, and pinch
ing a million there, I could make
it last until my next month's sal
ary is paid me.
The covernment would have to
go to no expense to ready my yard
to install the slingshot, or what
ever it is that hurls missiles. No
bulldozing, no pulling up of trees
or shrubs, or even grass. Nothing
will grow in my yard, which I
know to my sorrow. I have plant
ed every known type of shrub
and grass, and it still remains as
slick as a hospital tray.
i e e
For an extra million or two I
would be more than glad to take
In the missile scientists as board
ers. We not only set a good table.
but the house Is filled with things
which I think would Interest these
learned men. For one thing, we
have a player piano, which even
the frailest of them could pump, so
easy does it work. We don't have
all the newest rolls, but we do
have some mighty fine ones The
Rosary,' for instance, and "Oh.
Promise Me," the "Sextet from
Lucia,- and "Yes, We Hsve No
Those who weren't musically in
clined could browse In my library.
I havent many scientific books, to
be sure, but the shelves are loaded
with interesting ones. "The Shiek,"
"Trader Horn," "Riders of the
Purple Sage," the complete works
of Robert W. Service. "Girl of the
Lim berlost." and "The Life of
John L. Sullivan,' to mention only
a few.
Those with neither musical nor
literary turns of mind could play
and cards for Authors, Flinch,
at games. I have a Parches! board.
Rook, and Old Maid. Not to men
tion a Crokinole board.
Oh, I forgot We have a room
where they can keep their miss
iles, too. There is everything else
in the world in there, so I don't
see why we shouldn't have a few
missiles also.
To show good faith. Ill take a
down payment of $100,000,000,
and trust the government for the
See if you can't do something
for me, Dr. Compton.
McNauffM Syndicate. Ine.
Silverton Woman
Elected President
Of Church Group
SILVERTON. May 10 Mrs. S.
L. Aimlie, Silverton. was elected
president of the Oregon Circuit of
the Women's Missionary Federa
tion of Lutheran churches meet
ing in convention here today. Mrs.
Aimlie is the wife of the Rev. S.
Ik Aimlie, pastor of Immanuel
Lutheran church, Silverton.
Other officers named were Mrs.
Karl Rogness.) Portland, vice pre
sident; and Christine) Magmisson.
Canby, secretary
More than 200 people attended
the convention at Trinity church
today which closed with a ban
quet tonight, served at Trinity
Lutheran church .by the women
of First Christian. Speaker both at
the afternoon and the evening
meeting waa 1 Mrs. Roy O. Stor-
vftck ox wadena,
WMF president.
Shipping Point
Checks Aired
In Meet Here
The federal-state shipping point
inspection service in Oregon Is
being reviewed and measures
studied to strengthen all angles
of this! service to produce grow-
ers and shippers in a three-day:
conference which opened Tuesday!
at the .Marion hotel-here.
Participating in sessions are of
ficials of the state department ef
agriculture, led by Director E. L.
Peterson and Frank McKennon;
supervisors and key men from
the shipping point districts, and
state and regional representatives
of thei production and marketing
administration which is joint co
operator in this activity.
M. C. Erickson. San Francisco
will lead discussions relating to
Oregon service in correlation
with the national program. Mar
keting programs in relation to
Inspections will be directed by ,
W. J.j Broadhead and E. Harvey
Miller. An innovation this year
will see Industry leaders from
each j district present Thursday
meeting with department officials.
In the first 10 months of the
1948- 49 crop year, the - shipping
point ! service in Oregon Inspected
31,710 cars of fresh commodities.
Supervisors estimate 33,410 cars
will l be Inspected during the
1949- 90 crop year beginning July
L j ,
Supporting Funds
Poise Problem for I
Salem Planners i
What steps will be necessary to
continue the Salem long range
planning commission after its sup
porting funds run out about next
February will be studied by a com
mittee of the body. !
Suggestions from members at
a commission meeting In Salem
Chamber of Commerce Tuesday
night Included a solicitation for
funds when present three-yesr
subscriptions run out, a solicitation
of firms new to Salem since the
original subscription was taken or
a possible merger of the commis
sion and the citizen's zoning com
mission, with a paid engineering
staff financed by the city. M
On the committee named by
Commission Chairman J. N. Cham
bers are George Putnam, William
Hamilton, W. W. Chad wick, J. L
Franzen, R. L. Elfstrom and lied da
May 11, Ufl
Sunday School Excvrslen.
The steamer Heag arrived
down from Albany last night
with only a light load of
freight. She laid at the wharf
all night and wlH go to Port
land this morning. There Is
talk ef the Heag being char
tared for a Sunday School ex
cwrslon to Oregon City en the
5th of June.
Should lend Their Aid The
business man and Real Estate
men of Salem should see to It
that the Willamette Hotel has
mora regular boarders. Every
one ef them were clamorous
for a first class hotel and new
that the city has such a hotel
they should see that H Is sup
ported. There Is not enough
transient travel coming to Sa
lem to keep up e first class
hotel. But the city can sun
port such a hotel if people
here will lend their aid. If
they will send employee and
others there to beard. This Is
not a paid Item. The writer
thinks the suggestion should
be acted en.
Another Mile.-The Capitol
Cty Railway Co. will extend
its electric line to the Sewth
ern Pacific passenger depot.
The contract for building the
railway has been let to' Mis.
chel end Maxwell and It Is the
purpose of the company to
have cars running direct from
Comemrclal St. to the depot In
60 days.
The cost of the mile will be
$14,000 and will make more
than 6Vi miles of Railway for
the Advertisers
Me rTrewerka. - Ne pyre
technics are Indulged tn by
the old reliable grocery house
ef Squire Ferrer ami Co., but
they always keep the freshest
and best stock of everything
tn their En. .
.-. - - ' .
17; T. DigSon
58 Years of Service
tS no. Cottage) Dial 34179
fT Ilemorios j
M 57 Years Ago L
l! The News in J