The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, June 11, 1940, Page 1, Image 1

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No Substitute! 1
You'll find no newspaper
en give more real satisf ac
tion - than your I LtK'AL
, WOH Ml N EV8 and IIO.MH
Italy Plunges Darner
Into 'NHgfrftir&ffl
Neutrality Law Effect Is Extended
in Proclamation but President
in Address Far From Neutral
Pledges Resources of United States
to Aid of ' Allies and to Rapid
Preparation for Own Defense
1 WASHINGTON, J u n e ;
Italy of plunging "a dagger into the back of its neighbor,"
.president Roosevelt tonight pledged the allies "the material
resources" of the United States. -
Speculating grimly upon' the consequences to America
should the "gods of-force" achieve-world dominance, the
chief executive held up the prospect of 1 a "helpless night
mare," of the American people , without freedom, lodged in
prison, handcuffed, hungry and fed through the bars from
day to day by the contemptuous, unpitying masters of other
continents." , H
" These statements he made in a bristling address to the
graduating tlass of the UnlversityC
of Virginia at Charlottes vine, an
address so strongly worded that
sources close to the administra
tion said it was obvious the Unit
ed States' had abandoned a PobI
tion.of neutrality forgone of non
Cheers and rebel yells from
audience greeted every reference
to sympathy with Great Britain
and-France. . i
"let os not hesitate all of
us to proclaim certain truths,"
he said. '.'Overwhelmingly we, as
a nation, , and this applies to all
the other American nations, are
convinced that military and naval
victory for the gods of force and
hate would endanger the institu
tion of democracy in the western
world and that equally, there
fore,! the whole of bur sympathies
lie with those nations which are
giving their life blood in combat
against thoseforees." j - 4 i-
His reference to the dagger
thrust was contained in a depart
ure from hit prepared text, r He
ald that "on this 10th day of
.June, 1940, the hand that held
the dagger has struck It into the
hack of its neighbor."
The speech had already con
tained a grim rebuke for Italy,
and a narration of his previous
efforts to keep that country from
for "full speed ahead" upon a two
fold program of unstinted mater
ial help, to the allies and unf lag
extending the war to the Mediter
ranean. Italy's entry, he said,
showed a disregard for the rights
and security of other nations."-
To protect the United' States at
-this juncture, Mr. Roosevelt called
(Turn to page 3, coL 8)
Independent put
i - For Legislature
Nicklas Zylstra Announces
j - t .
Candidacy; Socialists
, s to Talk Nominations
Two announcements,- one of an
Independent candidacy for v the
legislature from Marion county
and the other of a local social
ist party meeting, for the purpose
of discussing presidential : elec
tion plans, yesterday interrupted
the quiet that followed on the
heels of the May 17 primary election.-
l-: v .- ' r- -
' With a awing at the Oregon
Commonwealth federation and a
Call on anti-fifth cofhtnn senti
ment, Nicklas J. Zylstra, who is
putting -out a community news
paper In the ; Hollywood district,
announced he would run . as fcn
Independent for the legislature.
He formerly resided in Poli
county and was active In' poli
tics there. '
The socialists . will make me
, (Turn to Paga S, CoL S)
Pageant Practice
To Start Tonight
Dance groups for the Salem
Centennial pageant' will rehearse
for the first time tonight in the
Willamette, university gymnasium"
at 7:30 .o'clock. Director Alfred
Ljiuraine announced yesterday.
Rehearsals for. the pageant cho
rus, in charge of Yrjo Koski, will
start Wednesday night rat the
First Methodist church at 7:3 d
o'clock; and of the Centennial or
chestra, Friday night at Crystal
Gardens at the same hour. Edou
ard Hurlimann is music director
for the pageant.
- Koski said yesterday that he
had recelved.the complete musical
score for the pageant and : felt
that only a few chorus rehearsals
would he required.
Temperature Reache$ 93,
New High; no Relief Near
No relief from the hot weather
of the past three days, which yes
terday pushed the mercury to, a
- 1940 high of 93 degrees In Salem,
' is seen before Thursday at the
earliest. The weather bureau has
tc recast "fair land- continued
, warm"! for today and Wednesday.
The coast however Is, predicted to
J.ave an overcast eky with fog.-
10 (AP) Sternly accusing
In One
Paul Hauser$ Column
was a warm day yesterday
and nobody noticed it more than
Mr. Zlzzle, the demon motorist.
BUT. IS p w- f
temporarily : in S
the plight of un-
mounted cavsl- ft
ry because " the
Sylph Six has
been sent to the
hospital for a
minor operation.
Mr. Z i s s 1 e
dislikes walk.
ing. He has been i
a mo t o r, 1 s e d
unit . for some
time and if he
must n ii i his
feet i prefers- t T1E'
use them to keep hie desk hraced
tightly against the wall. This Is
purelya precautionary move, he
reasons, in case an earthquake
should come along and upset his
desk, thereby Uttering the sur
rounding block with debris and
old paper clips. j
There is not much yon can
do about the heat: except get
out of it and, as Mr. Zlnle
learned to his sorrow, this is
sometimes impossible. He want
ed to walk around with an
Ice pack On Iiis brow, but was
afraid someone would think it
was a hat and mistake him for
a female Impersonator. ' So he
just walked in. the sun once
more and suffered.
! Brave man, Mr. Zizzle.
, ' i --
We have been reading the pa
pers again and we , have found,
tucked away behind the reams of
the war, that a California scien-
(Turn to page 3, column 6)
Barrels Roll out
' ' - ; , "
As Strike Halted
PORTLAND, Ore.,j June lHf)
-Barrels rolled out of the West
ern Cooperage plant here today
under ji strike-recess agreement
to help save the Washington-Oregon
strawberry crop.
The Cooperage Workers' union
and the management agreed to a
two-week truce in the 14-week
trike to satisfy the berry indus
try's pressing demand for barrels.
The union demanded, however,
that sale or shipments of the con
tainers be restricted to' users in
the i two states after charging the
company was attempting to ship
barrel stock to its California ware
house against future labor, trouble.
200 Salem Guardsmen Leave
Toddy for Defense Practice
While headlines scream gloomy
news of the war in Europe some
200 Salem I troops of the Oregon
national guard leave here in a col
umn of 24 trucks at 7 o'clock this
morning to join other units of Ore
gon's 2 4 9 th coast artillery , regi
ment in annual maneuvers at
Camp Clatsop and Fort Stevens at
the mouth of the Columbia. ,."
; The training camp is scheduled
for a two weeks period, but with
talk of mobilizing the national
gu ard for defense purposes going
on in congress, many of the youths
leaving here today are. packing an
extra toothbrush on the chance
that they' may be ordered to re
main on full time service beyond
the regular camp period. c
- Officers ' of the regiment have
been studying plana for mobiliza
tion with the regular army in case
of necessity. -
With the devastating effect of
airpower as demonstrated in the
European war now of prime con
sideration in military minds the
maneuers will center about myth
ical air attacks on the Columbia
fortS. '' if- -r. - - T ::' ; ,. ; ? '
Major Arthur B. Bates of Salem
commands the anti-aircraft battal
ion cf the regiment,' the second
Crowds Sjttt-v
i-W1-;': -:i :'t" ' ';- !'! - fyrf:' 'T' 1 . :"
Britisli Arc K Reseutf ul ;
4 Defiance; : Expressed
During Dark Day
. LONDON, June 10-VAngry
crowds participated In wild anti-
Italian riots tonight In London,
Liverpool, Edinburgh and else
where, smashing Italian cafe and
shop fronts with bricks and bot
tles. Several persons were injured.
Mace-brandishing police
charged the crowds in Edinburgh,
where several were hurt, but
failed to stem the .throng of per
sons protesting what they regard
ed as Italy's "stab in the hack" in
declaring war on Britain and
France.; J
Several were Injured by police
batons, and ' the crowds showed
their hostility to police interven
tion by knocking off the police
men s helmets.
A London policeman was' se
verely cut by flying glass.
Similar scenes, involving thou
sands of milling persons, were en
acted in Liverpool.
. Police, who already had begun a
general roundup of alien Italians
immediately upon Italy's declara
tion of war, patrolled the streets
heavily. .
LONDON, June 10-flVGitf
Britain called Italy's entrance
into the war an act of "cowardice
and treachery," and responded to
the challenge tonight with a tre
mendous assault by land, sea and
air forces on : the reinforced nasi
war machine. :
Italy's plunge into the conflict
at the side of Germany, coupled
with acknowledgement of the
greatest single day's naval losses,
including the! 22,500-ton aircraft
carrier .Glorious and, 23,2 Of tons
r --other vessels, brought r
tons their blackest day of the
But they responded defiantly
by announcing:
"The allied governments for
some time have discounted the
decision of Italy ; to enter the
war as Germany's vassal. Their
preparations are complete and
they will know how to meet the
(Turn to page s, col. 3)
Ten Are Selected,
Pilots' Training
Entire Class Passes Exam;
Flight Training to
Start Soon
Names of the ten ground school
students who received top grades
in the CAA air training exami
nation and qualified for actual
flight training were announced
yesterday by Instructor Vera
The ten were selected from a
class of 25, all of whom passed
the private pilots written exami
nation. Selected for flight training,-' in
order of grades received, were
Edward Felton, John A. Trumm,
Melvin Holt, Stephen Stone, Jr.;
Russell A. Mohney, Lei and V.
Williamson, Adrian A'. Elchelber
ger. Dean G. Grimm, John L. Zur
eher and Varnel E. Denham.
Chosen as alternates were
Richard Holt, C. H. Reese, Rob
ert B. Ramage, William K. See
ley and Paul M. Koenlg.
The ten successful . students
must first pass physical ; exami
nations before being given flight
training, v DeAutremont said flight
instruction will start in about
ten days. ; . ;' f
battalion, ' 1 , .
Salem also has one of the newly
formed searchlight : batteries, a
unit of 71 men commanded by
First Lieutenant Donald G. Pon
jade. The battery will work with
huge army searchlights in spot
ting "enemy" planes during sim
ulated night aircraft attacks. .
Oregon artillerymen this year
for the first time also will operate
three-inch anti-aircraft guns, and
anti-aircraft machine guns In
training for defense, of the Colum
bia river entrance. One battalion
of three firing! batteries will train
as in the past with ten-inch disap
pearing coast artillery rifles.
Most of today will be spent in
establishing camp. The troops will
take over the harbor defenses on
Wednesday, firing subcalibre guns
daring the remainder of the week.
Practice with regular service am
munition will follow next week.
Salem Is also the location of
headquarters 'battery of 70 men
and the medical detachment of 22
mien. An Albany battery also will
be at camp. r- u., i ;--;..r.:-"-4 .
j Personnel of the entire regi
ment includes E93 men and 41 of
ficers with Colonel CUf ton M. Ir
win of Salem commanding.
Salexrv Oregon, Tuesday Morning, June) . 11. 1943
Grangers Hear
Pblicy Outline
By State Chief
Broadening of Tax Base,
Jtiepeai 01 rieciprocai
i Trade Advocated
1! ' I;
67tii Oregon Convention
Underlay; Delegates
re Greeted Here
Opening the 7th annual Ore
gon state grange conviitlon, -Master
Ray W. Gill in, an address yes-
ierdav afternoon advised grangers
to support public ownership of
power, repeal of reciprocal trade
agreements, registration of lobby
ists and broadening the basis for
taxation and to oppose fall pri
mary' in the state.- i
Also touching briefly on war
and national defense. Gill empha
sized; the need to Iprotect the
tountry from fifth column activl
ties but warned against spy hunt
ins; by "over-xealous patriots."
"It is the duty of evry patriotic
citizen to supply any information
that will lead to the protection of
pur country from fifth; column ac
tivities . . but there, is danger
that in the excitement that pre
vails, over-zealous patriots may
try to take the law info their own
hands." he said. h-
After describing grj&mge activi
ties in attempts Xo establish pub
lic utility districts, the master
declared. "With our country con
fronted with the greatest war de
fense of all time, we j should not
hesitate to strengthen the power
of our government through the
expansion of publlely owned
power. " 1 1-
Reciprocal trade agreements, he
said, have handicapped American
(Turn to Page t, noi. )
Mrs. W. D. Smith
: ... Is
Dies Here Monday
Writer, Methodisi Church
Member Is Victim of .
Heart Ailment
Mrs. William ' Dllimon Smith,
12, resident of Salem since 1908,
idled last night at galjem General
hospital where she eras taken Sat
urday after suffering ia heart at
tack. She lived at 1865 Center
Street. 7" !;
Born In Wayne county, Indiana,
April Iti. 1858, Mary Elizabeth
Leonard moved with her family to
Iowa in 1S64. She was married to
William Dillmon Smiti in Guthrie
county in that state July 8, 1877.
Before coming to Salem they
moved to Kansas in 1888 and later
back to Iowa.
Mrs. Smith was a member of the
First ! Methodist church here, of
Chapter AB. PEO sisterhood; the
Salem Woman's club afcd the Mod
ern Writers' club.
Survivine are' three! sons. Wil
11am E. Smith, Veal estate broker,
iand Rav L. Smith, law professor
at Willamette universfty, both of
Salem: and Paul R. Spiith, attor-
iney at Santa Monica, Calif.; two
daughters, Grace Elisabeth Smith,
an assistant attorney J general ot
Oregon, of Salem, and Mrs. Elva
Mae Walton of Montclsir, NJ, and
lone grandson, Ralph Wilfred Wal
ton, jr.; of Montelalr.
Funeral services will be held at
3 p.m. Wednesday from the chapel
of the W. T. Rigdon company with
Dr. J. C. Harrison, pastor of the
First "Methodist church, officiat
ing. Concluding services will be
jheld at Cityt View cemetery.
Voted at (jttawa
OTTJLWaI - June 1 D-flPV-T h e
Canadian bouse of commons un
animously j approved declaration
bf a state of war against Italy
late today as Prime Minister W.
Lu MacKenzie King called Italian
Premier Mussolini 'a cjarrion bird
waiting for brave med to die."
j The resolution, calling on' King
George ; formally to proclaim ,
state of war between panada and
Italy, was proposed bjf the prime
minister, seconded by opposition
Leader j R. B. Hansom, and car
ried by i acclamation. '
1 vThe senate, scheduled to- meet
tomorrpw, -was summoned hastily
to give! its expected, endorsement
to the resolution.
i - MacKenzie King, speaking to
ia house subdued by the news that
Canada's Defense : Minister Nor
man Rogers had just been killed
In an airplane crash,! lifted his
voice as he upbraided Italy for
entering the war at j Germany's
side. , 7 ; ; . I
.. . , 1 :-. ,1- ....
Lato ' Spori
Louls Jennings, and Vincent Dolp.
bota Portland, i each cirded a 71
today to lead at the halfway point
of qualifying In the Oregon ama
teur golf tournament. '
uoip naa 34-ST, Jennings 8S-3 s,
jto finish one under par."-; ,
The final 18 will be played to-
jmerrowi, - . : r r - ,
p Siasy Green. PortlandJ long
jbitting 15-year-old, won medal
honors In the women's tourna
ment Krith as SO. She was two
stroker below the ' f defending
champion, Marion McDou gall and
JDabe Freesei both Portland,
-SSSSSSn3EP WSx "- - i ak 1 ' t .m . a "i. s . V . -K. aw If 1 Mm
DCD 1651
France Moves
Capital; Nazis
Nearing Paris
.2 .
Some Tanks Reach City
Region; 1 Main Front
Is 35 Miles. Away
Seine Is Combat Scene
on West; Center of
, Line Holds Weill
i ! - i
PARIS, June ip.-V-Thei gov
ernment fled from , Paris: : the
capital of the republic of France,
tonight as marauding German
tanks were reported to have
reached the region of the city it
Premier Paul Reynaud has gone
to join the French armies, a brief
ministry of information communi
que said. 1
"The high command asked the
ministers to effect their with
drawal to the provinces in con
formity with established disposi
tions. This withdrawal has been
effected." '
Havas, the French news agency.
suspended services in Paris, start
ing at 2 a. m. tomorrow. (5 p. m
PST Monday).
Newspapers already had ceased
to appear in the French capital.
which in peacetime has a popula
tion of nearly 3,000,000.
Some German armored advance
guards were said to have pene
trated to the environs ot Paris' it
self in Isolated raids through the
French lines.
But the main front was about
miles west and northeast of the
- ai.reB.iu ok civiiiu
the city was steadily swelling.
Delay Announcement
Until Move Completed
The announcement of the de
parture of the ministers was made
only after - they were safely in
stalled "somewhere in France"
in the southern provinces.
The government transfer at
Generalissimo Weygand's "request
was approved last night at a cab
inet meeting.
Under cover of darkness the
ministers drove to their new of
fices last night with their prin
cipal aides. This morning the rest
of the functionaries followed. Most
(Turn to page 8, col. 1
Battleship Oregon
Sinking Attempted
600 Tons of Water Pumped
out; Sabotage Act,
Mayor Asserts
! ' - ' '
hundred tons of w a t e r were
pumped from the historic Battle
ship Oregon today as pouce press
ed investigation of an attempt to
Bcuttle the old sea greyhound yes-
The" Battleahia' Oregon com
mission offered .91600 for infor
mation linking any person or per
sons with the scuttling attempt
and planned to ask assistance of
the federal bureau 01 investiga
tion. . i : ,'ir ' -: i -
Two se arv'es were opened,
allowing 0"O -tons of water to
flood the after magazine compart
ment above the- engine room.
Damage , w a s negligible, Capt.
Samuel A. Munroe, chief custod
ian said. , i.-K.i?:
Maror Joseph K. Carson
blamed saboteurs and ordered De
tective Chief John J. Keegan to
make a thorough investigation.
Harry V. Reed, vice chairman
of, the commission, said opinion
is- uivldeu, some 'believing it
was 1 the work ot juveniles and
others maintaining it' was delib
erate sabotage. .
Preliminary Investigation show
ed the valves were opened be
tween 2 a.m. and 2:30 a.m.: Sun
day. ' . i- -
The. 44-yesr-old , vessel, wnicn
made: naval history with Its 15,
00 0-mile record run to participate
in the -battle of Santiago in 1898,
is enshrined in a marine park.
Dewey Criticizes
: Belligerent Talk
NEW June 10-H-Com-
menticg oa President Roosevelt's
radio speech tonight, Thomas . E.
Dewey, candidate for the republi
can presidential nomination, de
clared the president spoke la "the
voice of a belligerent."
PresI1ent Roosevelt's speech
gives cstjpe for grace concern." he
said. "Th words may bai : the
words cf a neutral but the voice is
the voice cf a,.beSigerent . . . If
the'president iatenda to involve us
In this war he should say so open
ly. That is an issue for the -people
to decide.' ' . T '
Gives Fascists
Order for War
Army Is Ordered
Boosted, 400,000
Authority .for i Mobilizing
Guartl Is Favored by
House Committee
WASHINGTON, June 10-(ff)-
An unprecedented., peace-time in
crease in the size of the army-
from 280,000 to 400,000; was
approved today by the house mili
tary committee together with leg
islation empowering the president
to mobilize the national guard for
duty In the United States and Its
possession- ' v : . 'L
This action on a quostloa which
had aroused much controversy in
congress topped a day of many
developments In connection "with
America's armament program
1. The house accepted senate
increases of about' 8667.000,000
in the regular army appropriation
bill, and sent the measure back
to the senate for further consid
eration. The increases, all in line
with the administration defense
recommendations," raise the total
of the bill to about 11,500.000,
000. i2. The senate passed compro
mise measures authorizing an 11
per cent increase la the navy and
an expansion of the air force to
10,000 planes, and authorizing
appropriations of 1655,000,000.
The house has yet to give its final
approval. "
3. The house rules committee
approved the 81,004,000,000 de
fense tax program ank scheduled
It for debate in the house tomor
row. 1
4. President Roosevelt sent con
gress a request for legislation au
thorizing the navy to build three
llghter-than-air craft of 1,000,000
cubic feet capacity for experimen
tal purposes and coast patrol
work. ' -
6. The army was reported pre
paring to trade In about 150 com
bat training planes.) mostly bomb
ers, to manufacturers who would
be free to Sell them to the allies.
t. The senate jndlciary com
mittee urged the senate to ap
prove legislation requiring that
aliens be registered and finger
printed, as an anti-fifth, column
15,000 Served Oysters
!';' -; ''v : 'V ""''- ' -''
BAY CITY. Ore.. June 10WJP1
-More than ; 200.000 Tillamook
bay oysters were served to 15,000
persons at Bay City's fourth an
nual oyster festival Saturday and
Sunday.- . . -
Balkans Agog;
; To Fill Obligations, States
BUDAPEST, June 10-VTur-
key's imminent fulfillment of her
mutual assistance pact with ; Bri
tain and France became the key
tonight to the future of the vastly-worried
Balkans, which rum
bled with frenxied military prepa
rations as a result of Italy's decla
ration of war against the allies.
Cloaked in sudden strict cen
sorship, the Turkish government
declared a state of "alert," put
ting the nation on a virtually full
wartime basis.' 1
Turkish, officials- said unoffic
ially they were ready to . lire up
to their own military precautions
whllfr casting anxious eyes toward
taly and Soviet Russia. . '
Despite Premier Mussolini's
statement that Italy's little neigh
bors would be safe as long as they
observed strict neutrality, the
Balkans were taking no chances,
for they haye expected the worst
while hoping for the best ever
since Germany and the allies went
to war last September.. . -
By nations, this la the way the
situation shaped up tonight in
this traditional! Under box ct ga
roref ' I P,
Turkeyt ! -- ;.. v- . j
Strict censorship was enforced
Pric 3a newsstands So
- Indicated; Kiviera
Mussolini's Peclaration Is Greeted With
Cheers and Tears; Calls 'Allies
'Holders of Gold"
, : ' :ri$- -'"- f--v". '-"e'h"": . :'y-'
Mediterranean Control Is Cited as Aim;
British Consulate Is Stormed
but Protected hy Troops
r ROME, June 11 (Tuesday) (AP) Italy Was at war
today oil the side of Germany against France and Great
Britain but the ominously blacked out Italian. capital gave
no hint as to where Premier Mussolini's blackshirt legions
struck first. -j- .: , -' f., v -
Although Berlin reports said Italian troops already had
set foot upon France, striking up through the Riviera, thers)
was no confirmation here. j
This would comport with the long-anticipated Italian
plan to strike secretly with the first blow, making fullest use
of the strategy of surprise. i
Rome was blacked out except for feeble blue lamps and
Uas Bulletin
NEW YORE, June .
The official BriUsh wireles in'
a broadcast intercepted at 10:18
p. m. (PST) today by , CBS said
there have been no reports as
yet of any engagements grow
ing out of Italy's entrance into
. the war.' ' S --'::,"
SHANGHAI, Jane -llflV
The government of ; the British
crown colony of Hongkong to
day took over all Italian prop
erty of the colony.. . j .
SHANGHAI, June I 1 l-(ff)-The
United State marines, part
of the defense forces of the in- ?
ternatJonal settlement here;
took up precautionary patrols
in f heir sector today to preserve
order amidst increased tension'
arising ont of Italy's entry into
tho European war. I ' :
The British, French, and Ital
ian force acted similarly to
their defense areas, j
RepresenUtives of all gov
ernments concerned stated that '
the status qno in the settlement
would be preserved. .
TOKYO, Juno llP-Vlce
Foreign Minister Masayukl Tani
today 'advised the diplomatic
representatives of Italy, Ger
many, France, England and the
United State that Japan is
anxious to eliminate ' any inci-
(Turn to page 3, column 4) s
Child Dies After
Being Hit by Car
Alice Marie Lane, , daughter
of Mr. and Mrs. Harold Lane of
route 3, Salem, died late Monday
night following injuries sunerea
when .struck by an automobile
about 7: SO. o'clock Sunday night
near : Llbertr. according to a re
port filed with the sheriff's office.
. The automobile was I driven by
Mark O. Half leld of Garden oad.
Funeral arrangementrtfor tne
Lane child had-not been completed
Monday night. The body is at the
Rigdon mortuary. p
Turkey Ready
and telephone communication
with the outside world was cut
off for a short time as tho na
tion hastened emergency military
preparations looking . to Joining
Britain and France. , i .
Semi-official statements failed
to disclose when and how Turkey
would fulfill her pact. :
It -was disclosed that ' Turkey
and Russia withdrew troops from
their mutual frontier recently un
der a secret agreement,
Tho foreign office declared
"Hungary at the outbreak ot
war" had defined her attitude,
which will not change now when
Italy enters the war. Hungary has
reason to believe that the peace
of Europe will not be affected fcy
this new conflict." - -
; For, all 'these optimistic words,
Hungarian troops, which a v e
been mobollzed in force for the
past several weeks, were reported
already on the march toward the
Rumanian, border.
. Rumania: ' -. T- ': .. - -.
King Carol strengthened his
defense forces on the 1 Yugoslav
and Rttss!an frontiers Immediate
ly upon the news that Italy had
CTurn to page 3, col. )
; . 7ealher
Pair and continued warm
with low humidity today
and Wednesday; overcast
with ; log on coast. Al a x.
temp. Monday 03, mio. 41
River -2.0 ft. West wind."
17o. 65
dimmed headlights on the few
automobiles and' bicycles allowed
to be at large. St ee 1-helmetcd
blackshirt troops patrolled tho
city through the night.
Premier Mussolini cast the fate
ful die in a dramatic announce
ment ) which called- the allies
"starvers" and the holders of "all
the riches and gold on earth,"
Jtaly ; cheered bis decision, and
wept tool but mostly it cheered.
r'' Attacks on French possessions
in, Mediterranean were considered
imminent in response to tho
continual cries for Italian , con
quest of such prizes as Corsica
and Tunisia. I
Mussolini defined his princlpsl
war aim as control of the Mediter
ranean and warned ills non-belligerent
neighbors to rigidly pre
serve .neutrality; lest the war
spread to the Balkans and to
Egypt and Turkey.
The hate which had been ham
mered into Italian minds in a
five-year propaganda campaign
was epitomized in Mussolini's as
sertion that recent history might
be summarized in "phrases, prom
ises, threats of blackmail .
and the. League. of Nations' siege.
This was in reference to the sanc
tions Imposed on Italy during its
conquest of Ethiopia.
Italy finally took the field with
Germany, Mussolini s a id, Mto
smash the territorial : military
chains suffocating us in our own
sea."- , i;! , . ': ; . 1 " . '
Posters On walls of every Italian
community proclaim Italian rights
to Nice, i Savoia, Corsica, Malta,
Tunisia, Jibuti and the Sues
canal. -;.' , i
In fighting for them, Mussolini
asserted, Italy will . keep her
pledge to Germany .to "march to
the end with friends." I -
The plunge clearly was seen
here as the fruition of the his-
(Turnt to Psge 8, Col. 1)
Manila t tan Brings
Load of Refugees
NEW YORK, June 10p-Her
eight decks packed with humanity
in search of peace, the liner Man
hattan sped into safe harbor to
day carving a record load ot 1J1
refugees 8 6 7 of whom were
aliens from Genoa and Naples,
only a few hours after Italy threw
her armed forces into the caul
dron of war.
Cradled in the vessel were- so
many babies 194. minor children
were .j aboard that the ship's
laundry, suspended all other serv
ices to wash diapers. '
Only yesterday, a similar refu
gee ship the . President Roose
velt landed more than; 700 per
sons, including 220 children, from
England and Ireland, and racing
across the Atlantic is a third ves
selthe President ' Harrison
with some 600 men, women and
children from Genoa. A fourth
American ship, the liner Wash
ington, sailed from Lisbon for
Galway, Ireland, en route, to New
York to add more passengers to a.
load already exceeding her normal
capacity, 5
Butteeteers Hear
: Citizens Tonight
Citizens hearing on the pro
posed 19 40-t 41 school budt-ft vi:i
be held at the rrc!;nx cf tYi
school board toclgbt at S o'r' ,. c
at the ' administration 'iniliaii-.",
434 North High street.' ,
The budget provides for a t?x
levy of S361.5SS.50, sn -lncr--.
of 14,3S2.32 over Ir.;t roar.
tal requirement for tLa yc:r
set at I676.001.S9. .
r,-V-- '-51 .".'.V-'. "H"