The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, January 06, 1933, Page 3, Image 3

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TEa OIIEGON STATESMAlf, EaUsi, Orcfron. Ttilzf Morning. January 6V 1933
"No Favor Sways Us; No Fear ShaU Awe
From First Statesman, March 28," 1851
9 Cbaxles A. SraAGUi EditorJdanagtr
Srxldon F. Saccett . - - - - Managing Editor
f Member of the Associated Press
TIM associated PrM Is exclusively entitled to the dm for pobllca-
'tlon. ot all news dispatches credited to tt or not. otherwise credited t
y papr- Li
Portland Representative
f Gordon B. Bell. Security Building. Portland. Ore.
'i Eastern Advertising . Representatives
V?' Bryant, Griffith Brunsoa, Inc., Chicago. New York. Detroit
,.. " Boston, Atlanta.
Entered at tko Potto ff ice at Salem, Oregon, as Seoond-Clast
Hatter. Published every morning except Honda. BuHneeo
.office, SIS S. Commercial Street.
- Ifitr SnbserlDtlon Rates. 1n Advance. Within Oregon I Dally and
Sunday, 1 Ma 10 cents: S Ma 1X2 : Ma.; 1 year
' Elsewhere S cenU per Mo., or I5.0S for 1 year In advance.
';? By City Carrier: 45 cents a month; tS.B a year ta advance.
Copy S cents. On trains and News Stands cents.
it ; J. ,
Salem's first cannery:
Spirit of pioneers needed:
" ' V V -
Aa Inquiry tu mad of. the
writer: "When was that flnt tan
nery built la Salem? 1 '
- S '
It belonged to the- Salem Can.
nlnr oompany. the Incorporation
papers tor which were filed Feb.
S, 1890. Th leading spirit la the
enterprise wis R. S. Wallace, fa.
ther ot Paul Wallace, and nearly
an mo principal people of the city
were stockholders. ' In amounts
from S to $500. -
The New Tear edition of The
Statesman of January i mi,
telllnc of the manufacturing en
terprises of the city, printed the
following; as a part of that record:
"The people Of Salem have wan.
derful recuperatlT force. This is
not a young or new eltr. and hr
growth has been demanded by the
derelopment of the resources
back-in her. Therefor her own
people hare absolute faith la her
and her future. This says a treat
deal la a few words to on look-
ins for a new field for his ester
prise and capital.
e e
"While the Willamette rtrer
was on the rampage, the ilka f
which SO yean had not witnessed,
and the bis bridge bad Just been
washed out enough to discour
age a less confident neoDle the
buildings ordered.
"This Is the most imnortant
manufacturing concern Salem has
gained during the naat Tear a
the big woolen mill was the most
important In the year before.
The main building: of the can
nery Is 40x140 and part of it two
stories. There is an addition to
the main building on the west, for
warehouse Is 30x80 feet, two stor
ies, with a wing 80x40. also two
stones. .
The eraporator of the Willam
ette valley Fruit comnanv. ad
joining, and really a part of the
same institution, has buildings
and sheds covering about the
same amount of ground, the main
Doner, enclosed by a brick build
ing, furnishes the power, being as
sistea by a water wheel on the
race, along which the buildings
are erected, of SO horse power
This is the largest and best
evaporator on the coast, and there
are lew larger canneries. They are
capable of taking care of three or
four times the amount of vege
tables and fruit offered the past
season, and the capacity can be
easily increased.
... Of Old Salem
Town Talks from The States
man of Earlier Days
January 6, 1908
The Breyman estate has nlans
being made to erect a modern
three-story brick business block
on Its land Just east of the old
White corner and adioinine- th
alleyway on Court street. Part of
Calvin Coolidge
aftALVIN COOLIDGE is dead.
Vj - The nation was shocked when this news trickled over
the) wires yesterday morning, shocked and grieved. Cool
idge in retirement became more popular that Coolidge in
the presidency. Originally a myth, he became something of a
tradition when he left office and took prosperity with him.
Coolidge was a bit of old New England; he was a chip
off of hard Vermont granite. Prudence and caution never stock for the cannery was an sub-
found irreater exemrjlara than in this dia tin finished NewJcr?ed th materials for the
Englander. He was conservative, almost provincial in his out
look. He avoided trouble because he avoided issues. Yet on
occasion he administered executive vetoes on bills, like the
McNary-Haugen bill, which violated his conception of gov
... eminent and of economics.
i The element of luck went along with Calvin Coolidge.
His rise was steady, with numerous accidents along the way
which turned to his advantage. He did not rate high in in
tellectuality or in qualities of personal leadership. He won
his promotions, most of them, by doing humble chores satis- the reception and husking of corn.
' xactoniy. rnus ne moved irom local ouices to tne senate ox etc., iz by 140 feet. The main
Massachusetts and on by grace of smooth-working politics to
the governorship. H13 part in breaking the Boston police
strike was small, even non-existent according to many obser-
vers, yet he reaped the glory and stepped into national fame.
In 1920 the vice presidency was offered Hiram John
son who was being defeated at the Chicago convention. He
scorned the office: and Calvin Coolidge was' named. Har
ding's death pitched him into presidency at a time when the building being two stories high.
administration was under heavy fire because of the scandals . !.A 100 hora power engine and
of the Harding regime. Coolidge was too much alarmed to
do anything but keep quiet, building up a reputation for be
ing a manof few word3. He rode out the storm, maintained
the character of the sphinx, was elected by a decisive vote
in 1924, rode along with the tides of good business for four
years: and in a moment of inspiration penned the famous
words in his camp in South Dakota in 1927: "I do not
choose to run". How often since 1929 he must have chuckled
to himself over the luck which had attended him, even to the
moment of his decision to step out of office.
While Coolidge was a man of limited vision and of lim
ited capacity, he did possess what so. many great men lack,
. balance of judgment and a political sense which rarely be
trayed him. Thus he was able to give the country a fairly
. j J" 1 ; 1 A l - 1
successiui aaminisxrauon ana iarae accrued 10 ms name ue
cause of it. Out of office, he never lost his head or his tem
per, never compromised himself, never got "in bad". He was
too canny.
There were those who wanted to turn to Coolidge in this
hour of depression. Coolidge rejected the overtures. While
bis name might have stimulated confidence in business cir
cle it is doubtful if he would have made a single contribu
tion to the solving of problems. He would merely have adopt
ed a stand-pat policy (though after all that might have been
The death of Coolidge brings to mind again the exhaust- ffaVJrt" IS!4 !
ine nature of the presidency. He took the work as easily as Chinese store managed ' by the
any one could, lie was not an 01a man; yet ne aia not uve rm 01 time wing sang & Co
out the term of his predecessor. No ex-president is now nv-
inar. The work burns out the vitality of a man, no matter
how he may atrive to conserve his strength.
The nation will pay its tribute of respect to Calvin
Coolidce. He was not a ereat man. nor a great president. He
1 ewras a commoner who was thrust into high place and still
d reserved his native virtues of common sense, conservatism,
frugality. His name will stand for that in American his
i 1
Don't Take the Fatal Leap
vSONGRESS is flirting again with rubber money. Senator
- J Borah says the country needs an "easier dollar". Does
- he 'mean a dollar easier to get or one easier to spend?
: Schemes will be proposed for inflation though it may be
" called by some less offensive term. The meaning will be the
same: printing press money.
, The Dalles Chronicle inquires: "If controlled inflation
can serve as a life preserver, why not try it 7
The answer is brief: there is no such thing as control-
led inflation; and inflation is no life preserver; it is a final
leap over the precipice to economic chaos. History is full of
such examples, the latest of which is Germany which ought
to stand forever as a warning against ballooning the cur
rency. ,
The danger is greater now because the need is less.
The need is less because our deflation is completed. There
is a growing stability in the economic structure; and a
growing convicition in informed circles that the trend is
upward. The last six months has seen definite progress. Let
this continue and in a normal and healthy way economic
health will be restored. If on the other hand we commence
pouring dope into the system we merely invite inevitable and
more drastic deflation later on.
We place little stock in proposals for "planned econ
. omy' The greatest f iascoes we have had have been in com
; modity controls. Witness Brazilian coffee, British rubber
restriction, Cuban sugar control, the effort of copper pro
ducers to control price, and finally our federal farm board
and its failure to stabilize prices of wheat and cotton. How
may currency inflation "controlled ' by politicians succeed!
We are in the depths now. We shall get out if we stick
to tested methods of normal progress rather than fooling
ourselves and nobody else with fiat money.
The Other Side of the Picture
SENATOR WOODWARD in the course of an address be
fore the Salem Rotary club deplored the importation of
goods into these markets from foreign nations, which results
in displacing similar goods produced in this country. News
print and salmon were cited as destructive of local Indus
tries.'' f.- .
, a When that aide of the picture is presented the natural
impulse is to raise the barriers andnst imnortattona In nr.
der to hold domestic markets for domestic manufacture. But
Senator Wbodwarld failed to comment on the other side of
the picture. The same ships which brincr in foreitrn muda
take away products of our own fields and factories. Read
the shipping lists in Portland and you will note that after
discharging miscellaneous cargoes the vessels in the foreizn
tjzde pick up dried fruits, canned fruits, apples, wheat, flour,
"The manager of the cannery
Is Mr. A. Bird, and the-president
of both concerns is R. S. Wallace.
The directors of th canning com
pany are Dr; J. Reynolds, R, 8.
Wallace. H. W. Cottle. Dr. H. J.
Mlnthora and John Van. Eaton.
concerns the first
seasoa was a successful on.
About half a million cans ot
vegetables and fruits were pat up
and readily sold by th cannery.
The value of th outsat ot th
two concerns was 114.001, bring
ing jast that sum of money from
abroad t b distributed amonx
horn producers and laborers.'
That pioneer cannery was the
start out of which baa grown th
piania or ta Oregon Packing-
company, the 18th street prop
erty of that concern occupying th
sit ot ta old Salem Canning
company, aad theta 18th street
plant being la th building that
was originally erected by th
Southern Pacific railroad people
for a hop warehouse, and much
enlarged a few years ago.
Xt Is likely that a day's run ot
84 hours ot th plants that bar
grown out ot th pioneer on will
equal In valu th whol annual
output ot th original plant la its
first year ot operation, 1810.
This articl will b continued
tomorrow, la order to give som
mor particulars, aad mak addi
tional comparisons.
saiem neeos rigat now a re
juvenation of th pioneer spir
it ine spirit of th pack trala
and covered wagoa immigrations
ot th beginning days of the
thirties, forties and fifties: and
of th later pioneers of the
eighties and nineties, such as
made possible th raising ot
880,000 subsidy tor th woolen
mm and subscribed the stock ot
th company that started the
canning and packing develop
ment Here, aad has given Salem
leadership tor the Paeiflo north
west in that field
With a fourth to a third of
the whol annual pack ot these
three states going from this oity
and immediate district.
W "e
There are many fields right
now for such pioneering. Take
Just one, merely for an illustra
w .
rroposais were maae, some
years ago, for establishing a
potato starch factory in Salem,
or rather.Jn its suburbs.
With the right leadership, that
could be done now. There is a
market for the primary product,
the starch that Is used for su
ing in paper manufacturing and
in other lines the crude form
of the output of such a factory.
S .
Then there should come pota
to flour and the starch products
that are used for human food,
and on up to face powders and
dozens of other articles.
Such a factory could be or
ganized by our growers on a co
operative basis, using the cull po
tatoes that are largely waste
now. It would oar. Part of the
capital could be had from the
federal government. Such a fac
tory might grow Into an Immense
concern, serving all this coast
and all the lands along both
sides of the Pacific
(Continued tomorrow.)
Dr. R. E. Lee Steiner officially
took over the management at the
state asylum yesterday, suceedlng
Dr. Calbreath who resigned.
WASHINGTON The case of
former Congressman J. N. Wil
liamson of Oregon, charged with
unlawfully euttlng timber on the
public lands In Crook county, Ore.,
In conspiracy with 100 others, wss
decided by the United States su
preme court today in favor ot
January 0, 1923
The Oregon legislature, that
meets next week will have at least
one measure presented that has
been talked for practically half a
century to require that fruit
products canned or prepared in
Oregon shall bear the state name
In some way that won't wash off.
H. s. Glle told Marlon county
realtors Thursday that a camp
should be started to advertise
Oregon products.
A vigorous crusade against cir-
arette smoking, which is indulged
in by a number of boys attending
rural schools, is. being launched by
the sheriff and , other county au
thorities here.
Rapid progress is being made
on the paper mill additions so that
actual paper manufacture in the
new units may be expected at an
early date.
Daily Thought
"We are living today In a new
freedom ot the arts, particularly
of literature. One of the secrets
of life is to keep our Intellectual
curiousity acute. At a certain age
some people's minds close ud
They live on their Intellectual tat.
A new Idea produces aa unsleas-
ant shock. They comprehend its
strangeness but not it value."
William Lyon Phelps.
New View!
Yesterday Statesman reporters
asked: "Do you think a short
wave radio should be installed for
Salem police T Is a public dance a
good way to raise the needed
11000?" The answers:
Paul V. Johnson, merchant,
chairman civil service commis
sion: "I think it would be a good
thing. It might take a couple f
dances to finance It. That's all
d BsjralS WvmOsd tie
Floyd Ellis, loan aad insurance
agent: "I think it's a mighty good
Idea, myself. It is very necessary
and it will be a big saving In po
lice problems. I am very much la
favor of the dance idea."
stood carafuOy snaanrng the ship.
Ther flew av fls7t bA thai Uas
left slat in a doubt f their ideav
As ka dosed the telescope, a grim
anil waa atamned em hi dark.
narrow fae. la am hour thay w21
kav th Island abeam.
TaerVs a time t be lost.
Thaw sned back as swiftly as
they had eom. Ia all they bad not
ban absent abors aa hour when
thay stepped out ef th woods again
baside their hut. Ther Monsieur
d Bernia paused. From under bis
am a took th telescope, which
h had retained untu now. and
banded it to Pierre, wh went off
with it ta his tent.
Monsieur d Bends stepped iat
th hut, wbT ta Major sat drows
ily watching? Priseffla, wh was
ageia busy with bar needle. They
looked up as a entered and want
t take down his sword aad bald-
rick from th book where tt
Why thai!" the girt asked Urn
Monsieur d Bonis ahragwed.
TWina nmnin aa tt do, it isl
wall to go prepared.1 By passed
tfca heavily encrusted baldrick
his bead, aad settled tt oa bis
ahoulder. "It laspire respect. It
acts aa aa Inducement to crvflity."
Reassured by that smiling axpea-j
nation and his easy manner, tawy
let him ro.
Outaid the hat h paused.
tar what a went to d. he
moved to a last word with Prls-
eflla, a last instruetioa to th Major
ia ease the worst should berau aim.
Instead, however, after an instant's
thought, he passed ea to the half
caste's teat,
- "Pierre, If the worst should hap
pen to me, see to Miss Priseffla.
Yen should meet few difficulties.1'
Pierre's eyes, dark aad soft as
velvet, were filled with alarmed
concern. 'Monsieur! Could you not
wait! Is there a other way?"
"Ne way so sure as this. Besides,
X owe it to myself."
"Sure! the half-caste echoed.
"But not sure for you."
"Eh, pardieu! But yea. Sure
enough for me."
Pierre clutched his master's hand.
He bore It to his lips.
"Dieu vous garde, monsieur!" he
De Bernia patted the bowed head.
"Soise tranquil! e, moa fils." And
upon that he departed resolutely.
Chance favouring his design, he
came upon Tom Leach walking with
Wogaa within fifty yards of the
buccaneer encampment. He rave
them a friendly good-day; gave it
deliberately, with a flourish. Tom
Leach looked him over without
"What d'ye want here?"
"What I want?" Monsieur de
Bernia displayed only surprise, to
mask his satisfaction at finding the
Captain so readily disposed to cre
ate the situation which the French
man desired. "What I want?" he
said again, his eyebrows up, his lip
curling, his eyes looking down his
nose at the buccaneer.
The very insolence of his attitude
waa steel to the flint of Leach's
humour. "Aye, what ye want. If
thee's come to make mischief again.
taee'd better ha' stayed away."
They were making excellent
progress, thought Monsieur de Ber
nia. He stepped close up to Leach,
with arms akimbo, whilst Wogaa
looked on inscrutably. "I dont think
yeYe civil, Tom."
"Civil?" Th Captain spat with
deliberate offensiveness. "I gees no
call for civility."
award was
whew the
than half eat ef the
hang was aimed at alas.
"Set Ia fact, Tom, I find you
darned provocative."
"Provocative! Eat He find ma
preToeatrf, MOcet tBifet At you
to be provoked? Seem to me yours
is th kind eourag that likes to
have a shelter, to make catVpaws
for itself."
That is what yea know of me, is
"If s what rs seen."
Woran aeeoaatad tt time to make
a pretence of intervening. "Och,
now, will ye be remember! mg
what's ahead of aaf Woat ye be
making th peace, now, both of ye.
and working together lik rood
Brethren ef th Coast. Come, now."
"It Is what I most desire, Wo
gaa," Bed Monsieur de Bernia. Tve
been thinking that yesterday Tom
said that to me which hurt my hon
our. If heU unsay tt now, I am
ready to forget It."
- Thus, in his desire that the prov
ocation should appear to com en
tirely from the other side, he gam
bled upon his knowledge of the
Captain's mood and nature. The re
sult did not disappoint him.
"Honour!" Leach crowed deri
sively. "Your honour! Faith! That's
good! That's very good for thee!"
And he laughed, his eyes inviting
Wogaa to join him in his derisory
But the tan, lanky Irishman pre
served a preternatural gravity.
Mor was he entirely without anx
iety. He was almost aa solemn ai
Monsieur de Bernia, who was ask
ing in solemn tones: "WTO you ton
me what's to laugh at. Captain?"
. "You! You and your honour, you
cuekoldy lackaaapesl"
Ia the next moment he waa red
ing under the sound and unexpected
cuffing he received from the
Frenchman. Monsieur de Bernia,
accounting that things had gone far
enough, and that Leach's words
were mor than sufficient to justify
him, had acted quickly before Wo
gaa could intervene.
Leach, recovering bis -t.
momentarily unsettled, fen back a
paae or two, aghast and furious.
His eyes biased ia his livid face.
He began to unfasten his coat. "Bv
Judas Isearletl IT1 cut your liver
ous ror that, yoa French kite."
"Steady. Caotainl Steady, aewt"
cried Wogaa.
Leach turned som of hi race
ami him TWe (W thfciV TT1 tak
a blow from any man? XH be
steady whoa rs skewered aa lousy
vitals!' Ther was froth a his lips,
msdneaa la bis eyes.
Wogaa wrung his hands la dis
tress. "Oca, now, Charley what
have ye dona, ye fool?'
Monsieur de Bernia, following
the example set him by Tom Leach,
was already peeling off his eoat ef
fin violet taffetas. "What X had
no choice , but do. TO ask yoa to
bear witness to tt, Wogaa. Could
I have my honour mocked by that
dirty cut-throat J"
la sheer amazement Leach sus
pended his preparations. Not ta
years had any man dared apply
such terms to him in his hearing,
and the last man in th world from
whom he would have expected It
was this Frenchman who only yes
terday had swallowed his insults
with sueh cowardly meekness.
When he recovered from that
gasping astonishment, he loosed a
volley of obscenity, at th end ef
which came blood-curdling men
aces. "TH flay thee bones for that, thee
French dandy! FU carve the lousy
hid into ribbons or ever I ym
thee, thou daweock!" He drew his
sword with a vicious flourish, and
flung seabbard and sword-belt
from him. "Guard the self I" b
snarled, and bounded In, to attack,
So treacherously swift and sud
den waa the action that Monsieur
de Bernia waa almost taken un
aware. His sword was no more
than half out of th sheath when
that murderous lung waa aimed at
him. He parried in the last fraction
of a second with th half -drawn
blade, stfO holding: In his left hand
the seabbard from which th bald
rick trailed. 'Having parried, he
broke ground, so as to disencumber
himself. He cast scabbard and bald
rick from him. and cum m
again promptly to meet th pur-
uuf voaiaognb
Hands Across the Sea
Kirs. I. It. Nilson, home maker:
"I should think such a radio serv
ice would increase efficiency la
handling th crime situation. I
see no reason why the funds from
a public dance should not be used
for this."
Mrs. Anna Wood, homemakert
"It hardly seems that Salem needs
sueh a convenience when It is so
close to Portland."
Oscar Gilbert, laborer: "I
should think there are enough
policemen her that It would be
a flu idea. Th dances ought to
be as painless as any way to ex
tract the money."
STAYTON, Jan. S. Father Jo
seph Scherbrlng early Wednesday
morning received word ot the
death of Archbishop Howard's
mother Tuesday night la Portland.
Father Joseph Scherbrtag and
Father Francis Scherbring of Sub
limity attended th services which
were held at the cathedral ia Port
land Thursday morning.
paper products, lumber, canned, salmon all destined for var
ious markets over the world. Portland's development has
been largely based on its world trade. Its exports, wheat and
lumber, leading, have been far greater in value than its
We can all wax enthusiastic over, "Buy American"; but
if we do all our buying at home how may we do any selling
abroad? Oregon must export to other lands. Our coastal
frontage gives us commanding advantage in world trjide.
Our development depends on our cultivation of our over
seas market. Before we are swept off our feet by the prop
aganda of patriots who see a menace in imports we should
take a look at the other side of the picture. Our prosperity
win be greater and more diffused when the total volume
of trading increases, foreign as well as domestic
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