The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, November 20, 1932, Page 4, Image 4

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Tna OREGON STATES21AN, galtst, Orsson, Sandar Xfornlnsf, NoTerabera; ISSl'-
' v- r.t
. Wo Faron Steals t;. tf Fear SAairAtfe:
rrom urst statesman, oiarcn zs, x
THE STATESMAN ? PUBLISHING CO. - P
Charles A. Snuccn - - - . Editor-alanagtr
" Sheldon F. Sackxtt .- v- Managing Editor
Member of the Associated Pre
Th Associated Press to exclusively otttlod to the bm (or publlce
ttea ( all Mil dispatches credited to tt er sot otherwise crediud to
sape. - '
. " . , , ADVERTISIXG r v,
Portland ftepresentatlre
Cordon & Bell, Security Building, Portland, Ore.
Eastern Advertising Representatives
- Bryant. Griffith A- Brunwoa, Iat, Chicago New Torn, Detroit,
i. - , ..... Boston, Atlanta. .
'Entered et th Poetoffics ct Salem, Oregon, as Second-Class
Matter. Published wry morning except Monday. Business
office; tlS S. Commercial Street.
SUBSCRIPTION BATES:
Ifall Subscription Rates, la Advance. " Within Oregon : Daily and
Sunday, 1 Mx C cati; Mo. ( Ma. 13.25 ; 1 year 4.0.
Slsewhere it cents par Mo or 15.00 tor 1 year In advance,
By City Carrier r 41 cent a month; 15.00 a year In advance. Per
Copy cent, On trataa and News Stands ft eenta.
J ;l iconomic Stalemate
fpHE JVIiiineapolia Tribune, Frederick E. Murphy, publish--X
erf has been a valiant partisan of the farmer. The Trib
une at its own expense has conducted campaigns for legisla
tion and reforms which would benefit the men on the soil
So when Mr; Murphy pictures agriculture as "steadily sink-
; lngr to the level of peasantry" the country may sit up and lis
ten. There is' troth in what he savs. thnuo-ri t.rA farmpr is
not the only one broken on the wheel of misfortune. The
jobless pving on charity or on work-doles of the government
are likewise undergoing a moral deterioration which is
alarming. When Murphy further declares that "intergovern
mental debts are at the bottom of the difficulty, and the fun
damental cause for the stoppage of international trade", he
drives home a fact which merits consideration in the pres
ent rtudyof war debts.
In his address, which was delivered before the Academy
of Political Science, Publisher Murphy said, as the press dis
patches quote :
"Inter-goYernmental debts bar forced all the debtor na
- tlont on a. buyers' strike. The debtor nation obviously mast sell
- nations seek to train a favorable balance of trade in order to
meet their debt requirements. When every nation refuses to buy
t and strives only to sell, we arrive at a condition reminiscent of
t trench warfare.
f "And thus it comes about, that the products of the American
farm are belnj sold in dimiaishiBg qnantltes In Europe and at
, prices which will not sustain the American farmer.
t The fear of another war, undoubtedly plays a part
fa this determination of Europe to attain a food self-sufficiency.
! It follows ineritably that the removal of these causes for suspi
cion and hatred will rebound to the benefit of the American
i,'. farmer. Unless the United States adopts a policy of isolation,
which Includes a system of bounties, sufficient to insure the
: American farmer a fair, exchange basis for his products, the
- American farmer mnst look to the prosperity, peace and confl
m dence of Europe for any Immediate benefit to agriculture."
i - Murphy puts the issue clearly before the people : stop
. our policy of economic isolation and let international trade
revive, though this means postponement, reduction or can
cellation of war debts, and downward revision of tariffs; or
else we must hold to embargo tariffs and adopt internal
v ' M a at . rvti i
Dounuea ior mose groups producing surpluses. ine country
faces the dilemma; and gradually the people are coming to
understand the factors on each side. The time is one which
; calb for great leadership. What will Hoover do in the few
months of his power which remain? What will Rdosevelt do
as he enters office backed by the strongest mandate tht
people have ever given a presidential candidate since the
"era of good feeling"?
8TMOr8Ul '
PrUcffla, Lrrl esg daaxhttr 1
f th UU Sir Jok Darraliaa,!
uaauuUeertJ af Lha Leeward
Islea, leaves the West Indies aboard!
the "Cantar- in4 fr EaelaBd.1
db is acceaipaaiac y the peaf
. Attidle-trei Majer Sands,
fcer father aide, wae aeek te wla
her kaad aa4 f ertaae. The tint is
lS9e, Che accsMw the Spaaiah afaia.1
I Tf haaxh aia eaaaeaa f er a
tasj Sir Joha aa Canfshi Caaerali
were arilriWL the Maer leaia
rttacllla te hdfere he rava p the
pparunuty la erder U he withl
She. hewevar, eaMiders hii
af the faaaOy. At Barhadaa.
hsadsesse, yeaaaj saaa realeaeat
tm Ma taffeta, hear th
teas." Th amajer aaya th traaeri
Ueks Eh Imesjaeer, hat rria-i
cm claims he has aa air af 1m par-
New Views
The question asked about town
yesterday by Statesman, reporters
was: What Is your reaction to the
latest angle of the friction be
tween galem charity organisa
tions: that is. the demand made
by the Legion upon Community
Service for certain funds?
E. U. Brooks, 475 South 24th:
I should not think they would
be entitled to anything from Com
munity Service any more than the
other groups here."
Daily Thought
the
, : Harmony Without Pain
T TILL it be possible to heal old wounds between
' ff university and the state college? It would seem that
tinder a single administration in which both institutions had
. confidence that such might be accomplished, thoueh never to
, U VAVAUVMVAi WA Wltti 411 tUI. J lV TV Vvti LUV OVllWlOf
The interchange of professors and their families ought
,to be beneficial. We have had reports that those transfer
,ring from one school to another were very graciously received
: . and made to feel at home in their new enviroTiment. Oera-
- sional interchange in the future may also be helpful.
There are possibilities also in the way of conferences of
1 scholars. Teachers of mathematics, sciences, engineering,
mar have, entirely outside of their retrular duties, occasional
' - "smokers" for discussmg new developments of common in
terest in. their field. Teachers of English should always find
plenty to talk about in new trends in literature. Teachers of
social sciences and of commerce on both campuses may find
: real inspiration in informal "get-togethers".
A start was made in this direction in a banquet given
journalism, rne emerald at Eugene speaics approvingly oi
the affair and hopes for a repetition m other departments
of activity. To quote the Emerald:
MA stronger feeling of cooperation between Oregon State
college and the University has beea brought about by such af
" fairs as the banquet given last night at Corrallis in honor of
-1 Dean Allen. It la this type of thing that will help as fast anything
. .. else to bring about a new and better understanding between the
' ; two sehools. The banquet was given by th Oregon Stat chap
ters of Sigma Delta Chi and Theta Sigma Phi, who invite mem
7 bera of the local chapter to attend th atfafr, .
r -1 "similar affairs are being planned en both campuses by oth---
er professional and honorary organisations at 'the coUege and
v a kere In Eugene. Whll such Joint meetings hare always been
, , held ia th past, Iher Is every reason t bellere that under the
' new system of organization pat lnt effect this year by th Stat
' Board of Higher Education, with one man la some eases head
- lag departments oa both eazapsse and other cooperative meaa-
are being carried out. we can be assured of closer fellowship
l" and a better understanding between th two Institutions.
' : . "The pioneers who founded th two stat sehoola probably
- : never dreamed of students being abi to go over to uorraiu
and back in a single evening or of, professor teaching some
classes ia Eugene and aome ia Corrallis, bat w or confident
that those pioneers- would reloice In knowing the dose coopera-
tioa braaght about through modern means of transportation.'
ART
This rock, this quarts, this crum
pled wall of life-
Carre at its granite crust with
pliant knife,
See if the stubborn' grove will
glean with gold
Before the knife is worn, and you
are old.
Robert McBlalr.
BITS for BREAKFAST
-By R. J. HENDRICKS-
IHrst Congregatloaal church:
SOth anniversary ef foandingt
(Continuing from yesterday:)
"If Judge Boon's example had
been steadily followed by later
officials in both the state and
counties, the people would have
been better served, and large loss
es of public funds avoided; for
our large defalcations In public
money have not arisen from the
fault of bookkeeping, but from
the mlstakea of some officials in
putting the nubile money In the
wrong sack.
"The days of compulsory side
walks had not then dawned, and
the profession of boot and shoe-
shlners was unknown. There was
one barber, but even that Impor
tant department of skilled labor
waa not then, aa now, performed
by learned professors, having di
plomas. Of physicians, there were
several, but no drug stores, and
Why Buy Theatre Tickets When -Auction
Sales are Still Going?
By D. H. Talmadge, Sage of Salem
TWO auctions bar been going
on in Salem's business dla
A M a f . . i k
inci a,unng m wee. aoin
eemlng to attract considerable
attention from the buying public.
Ther bar been, and perhaps
still are. places in th country
wher an auction, more partlcular-
an a action of household goods.
Is looked upon as good entertain
ment, and especially so If the sale
be a forced one and if the scene
includes a weeping woman, a wor
ried-looking man and a number of
small children. The star In every
such drama Is, of course, the auc
tioneer. In my younger days I
hare listened with delight to
small town auctioneers. Their pat
ter was almost as enjoyable as
that of the various street sales
men, known in the vernacular as
pitchmen. Ther is much of seat
and somewhat of art in iorcing
neonle to buy. The auctioneer, big
town and little, still has hi lor
for all of us.
Senator Wesley L. Jones of Washington died Saturday after It
years of service in th lower and upper houses of th congress. He
met bis only defeat at tho polls in th last election. In some cases
defeat baa hastened the death of aome senator. Medlll McCormick
for example, failed physically after hi loss of. the Illinois senator
ship and soon died. McKinley of Illinois did not long survive his de
feat, nor Albert B.. Cummins of Iowa. Such was probably not the
case with Joaes who had been in Tery poor health for some years
and was physically unfit for th strenuous campaign bo entered.
Jone waa faithful to his party, faithful to his state, faithful to moral
j was not a oruuant man: out considered important teg-
ll.tatt.. h. VI- - .
)
As we suspected Raymond Robins strayed away while suffer
ing from amnesia. The mystery' Is that he remained undiscovered as
long as he did. Roblna Worked alwavw at fefe-tt miIm ana.
ing himself. One of America'a most useful and self-sacrificing cit-
wen. .1X9 country nopes ior ms early ana complete recovery of mea
, v Testerday'a saulb t tho effect that each candidate for congress
la this district lost his hem country was incorrect. Uott carried
tlarion county by 2300 rotes and Starkweather btr county by fewer
IBSB 1VV.
The newspapers of late hare
toll of the death et a prisoner on
a chain cane in tho south, and the
evidence has seemed te indicate
that the nrlsoner waa killed -by a
guard who had taken a personal
dislike to him. One chain gang
horror et many that bare come
to nubue notice: one or many oiu
era not heard of by me general
public. Giro us tlm and w take
notice of such things in our lana:
give us more time and we become
aroused to tne point or protest,
Perhapa we are slow in such mat
ters, because, removed from act
ual contact with deplorable con
ditions, we are loath to believe. A
book written by a man named
Burns, published under the title
I am a FuKltiv from a Chain
Gang", giving th experience of a
nrlsoner in one of these gangs,
prior to bis escape ana alter, a as
done much to create sentiment
against this system of punish
ment. I not thatfone of the mo
tion picture producing companies
fWarner Brothers, I think) is re
leasing a film under th title of
th . book, with Paul Hunt, of
"Scarface" tarn featured in the
cast. I shall await with interest
the early showing of this picture
lit Salem. Perhaps the story Is not
entirelr a pleasant one, but. un
fortunately, many life stories are
unpleasant, and we improve no la
mentable conditiona by refusing
to see them for what they are.
Whatever may bo th reason
tor it. election result or somen
thing else, the average Salem bus
iness man Is In a more cheerful
frame et mind than ho was four
edUer etW gotUh loo b itelWJh-.-.. ,, mfng mnt rife
th doctors, who had to travel on
horseback, carried their medl-
oiaea and surgical Instrument ia
their saddlebags . . . There were
several merchants, .... Joseph
Holntaa, J. H. Moo res, J. D. Boon,
William Grlswold and Geo. H
Jones . . . Money was plentiful,
consisting of gold dust from the
mines of California and southern
Oregon. There were Mexican a li
ver dollars, and doubloons, and
soon afterward gold 50 pieces,
called slugs .... I knew wheat to
sell tor $1 a bushel. In 1853, and
flour at $11 per hundred. This
flour was loaded oa pack horses.
at the Nesmlth mill (now Ellen
dale), in Polk county, and des
tined to Jacksonville In southern
Oregon. (Before that, much of It
was carried in the same way to
Fort Sutter and the California
mines.) . . . Although in crossing
the plains (the covered wagon im
migrants), they had generally
lost most of their worldly goods.
they had brought their religious
notions safely through with them
and their churches were served by
sealous and earnest preachers
who rendered very acceptable ser
vice.
"There were few charehes. and
those were small, unfurnished
and rude; but when the rainy sea
son was over aad our delightful
summers came with clear skies.
th ministers resorted to the shady
grere aad held religious meet
ings .... Once at a cam meeting
held en th Luckiamut, in Polk
county. X saw the meat ef a whole
ox, that had been roasted under
tho supervision of Uncle Sol Te
therow, parceled out with other
abundant provisions to feed the
congregation. (Tetherow had been
pilot of the first steamboat oa the
Yesterdays
. . . Of Old Salem
Town Talks from The Sta tea
man of Earlier Days
CBAPTEB TXUtEB
To say that their curiosity on
the subject of the newcomer waa
gratified ia th course of the next
hour, when they met him at dinner.
wwua not do merely an overstate
ment, it would be in utter conflict
with the fact. That meetinar. which
took place ia th met cabin, where
dinner waa aerred, merely want te
excite a deeper curiosity.
He was presented to his two fal
low passengers by Captain Bran-
aome as Monsieur Charles de Ber
nia, from which it transpired that
he was French. But tha fact wa
hardly to have been susDeeted from
the smooth fluency of his English, I thing of them. So I'm giving a wide
w iuy ui uunxest trace berth to a pirate's nest like Guade
ef a Gallie accent. Major Sands, who loupe. It's bad enough to be taking
aaa come prepared to dislike aim, I yon to Saiate Croix."
wm giM te fuscover m tne XeUoWs "Oh, that . . . The Frenchman
personality no canse to do other- smiled and waved a long brown
wise. If there had been nothing else hand, tossing back the tne Mechlin
against the man, his foreign origin from his wrist.
would nave been more than enoush: I Rut Branaome frowned at th
for Major Sanaa had a lofty uls- deprecatory gesture. Te may smile.
om ior au uxoae wno CM not snare Mossoo. Te may smile. But I know
what X knows. Your French West
India Company aint above suspi
cion. All they asks Is a bargain, and
they dont care how they come by it.
There's many a freirht roes int
ta its ereaaeiea pal bha stocking Isafait Croix te be sold there for a
looked as if made of whipcord. Be tenth of its value. The French West
was very swarthy, and bora, as I India Company asks no questions, so
Major Sanaa perceived at one, a I km as it can deal on such terms as
emrioua BLanaas te his late Majesty ther. And H dont need te ask bo
King Charles XI fal his younger lejaestiona. The truth's plain enough.
oays; ior ta rreaenmaa eeuia oe I it shrieks. And that's the fact. May
be ye dldnt know it,"
The Captain, a man hi middle
Ufa, broad and powerful, ruddy of
hair and complexion, lent emphasis
to his statement and colour to the
lipa about which hovered the earn I annoyance it atlrred in him by
faintly aardooi express! thallbiinciag down on the table a
had marked th countenance ef thai give freckled hand oa which
Stuart sovereign. Under Intensely I red hairs gleamed like fir,
black brow his eyes were dark and I "Saint Croix sine I've and
large, and although normally soft I taken to carry you there. Aad
and velvety, they could, aa be oonithafs bad enough, as I say. But
revealed, by a biasing directness of In Guadeloupe for me."
giane b extremely diseoocertrng.! Mistress Prisdlla stirred in her
If Us fellow paasengen were in-1 seat. She leaned forward.
terested ia him, ft could hardly be I "Do you speak of pirates. Cap-
said that be returned th compU-ltain BransomeT
hla own good fortun ef having I
beea bera a Briton.
Monsieur 4 Bernis waa very talL
if spar be yet eoareyed a
sense ef tougtine Th toaa lg
scaicely mor than thirty-nv. He
had the same hatchet face with Its
prominent cheek-bones, th
fnHnm rhht md nftlft. th
tiny black moustache above full
ment at first Th very quality of
bis courtesy towards them . lemed
la itself to rahet a barrier beyond
which he held aloof. His air was
preoccupied, aad such concern
his conTersatioa manifested whilst
they ate was directed to the matter I tioned before a lady. And anyway,
ef bis destination.
Ia this he seemed to be resuming
aa earlier cismssioa between him
self aad the master of the Centaur.
"Even if you will not put la at
Mariegalante, Captain, I cannot
percerre that it eoeld delay er in
eonrenienee yoa te send me ashore
ta a boat."
"rhaVa bernnse ye dont ander
stand my reasons," said Braasome.
Je a mind te eaB within tea
axilea Gadloup. If trouhl
aome my way, f alth, I can deal
with it But Tm act seekmg It Thl
ia my last voyage, and I want it
safe and peaceful. IVe a wife aad
feer ebfldssB at horn ia Devon,
aad tfs time I
Monsieur de Bernis dark eyes glowed aa they rested apoa her.
"By ay faith, mademoiselle, yea mast compel a bis te de ee."
been, for his good-humour was be
ing restored by the discovery that
this intrusion was to be only s
short one.
No farther," said Monsieur de
Bernis.
The Laconic anaarer did not en
courage questions. Nevertheless
Major Sands persL : d.
"You will hare interests ia
Saints Croix?"
"No interests. No. I seek a ship,
ship te take me to France." It
was characteristic of him te speak
in short, sharp sentences.
The Major was puzzled. "But
surely, being aboard so fine a ship
aa this, you might travel comforta
bly to Plymouth, and there find a
sloop te put you across the Channel."
"True," said Monsieur de Bernis.
True I I had not thought of it."
The Major was conscious of a
sudden apprehension that he might
have said too much. To his dismay
he heard Miss Priseilla Yoking the
idea which he feared he might hare
given to the Frenchman.
"Tu will think of it now, mea-
sieurT"
Monsieur de Bernis' dark eyes
glowed as they rested upon her;
but his smfle waa wistful.
"By my faith, mademoiselle, yoa
must compel a man to do ao."
Major Sands sniffed audibly at
what he accounted aa expression of
irrepressible impudent Gallic gal
lantry. Then, after a alight pause.
Monsieur de Bernis added with a
deepening of his wistful smile:
"But, alas! A friend awaits me
in Sainte Croix. I am te cross with
him to France."
The Major interposed, a mild
astonishment ia his voice.
"I thought it waa at Guadeloupe
that you desired to bo put aahorei
aad that your going to Sainte Croix
waa forced upon you by the Cap
tain."
If he thought to discompose Mon
sieur de Bernis by confronting him
with this contradiction, he waa
soon duullusiooed. The Frenchman
turned to him slowly, still smiling.
but the wistfulness had given place
to a contemptuous amusement.
"But why unveil the Innocent de
ception which courtesy to a lady
thrust upon me? It is mor shrewd
than kind, Major Sands."
the
"Aye!" said Bransome. "And
that's the fact1
Conceiving her alarmed, the
Major entered the discussion with
the object of reassuring her.
"Faith, if s not a fact to be men-
it's a fact for the timorous only
nowadays.1
"Ohor Vehemently Captala
Bransome blew out his cheeks.
"Buccaneers," said Major Sands,
"are things of the past"
The Captain a face was seea to
turn a deeper red. His contradiction
took the form of elaborate sarcasm.
"To be sure, it's as safe cruising
ia th Caribbean today as oa any
mZ the English lakes,1
After that he gave hi attention
to his dinner, whilst Major Sands
addressed himself te Monsieur a
Bernis.
"You go with ua, then, no farther
than Sainte Croix?" His
was mor pleasant than tfc had yet
(T & Ctind)
bMfak. 122. kr MmiaA S
PUtoaietas ay Kaac rcatarea Sfaaicm. lea,
upper Mississippi river, was with
the Ashley (American Fur com
pany) Rocky mountain trapping:
expeditions, led a covered wagon
train to Oregon la 1S4S, was a
member of the Applegate party
that opened the southern route
la ISM; first settled on the site
of Dallas, then on the Luckia
mut. ) The people cared little for
style or ceremony. They had come
to Oregon and founded a state.
and, like their Revolutionary fa
thers, they had formed, a church
D. EL TALMADGl
Xeveenber 20, lOOT
Electric 1 railway service be
tween Salem and Portland will be
a reality within a month. Last
spikes on tho tracks were laid yes
terday. Train will start as soon
as the crews finish laying ballast
fined euasworda. There Is stta
room for improvement, aewever.
Tho avrag Salem- busiuass ma
is bv n meant threatened with
ecs tactics because of trade con 41-1
Hons. He Is Just feeling better.
And that is something.
Fine, large rip strawberries at
this ttm f the year! A bog et
them. Magoon grown by Mr. Bus
by ot near Turner, 1s on display
at the board ot trade rooms.
A number ot local business
houses which have had the pallor
of death noon them, for months
hav com agata to life. Th Cap
itol theatre ha paased from dark
ness Into light and Is presenting
regular programs under the sched
ule that prevailed prior to ta
slumn epidemic. Commercial
dera are easier to get Collector
report th promises of debtors
mor reassuring. Th quality ot
five-cent cigars shows a steady
upward tendency. All ia ail and
everything considered, conditions
are better.
The aew chemical fir extin
guishing system recently installed
la th eapttol was yesterday off)
clally tested and accepted by Gov
ernor Chamberlain, Secretary f
Stat Benson, and Walter Low,
chairman of tho city fir com
mittee. . i
Tfovember SO, 192a
The 1X3 city budget adopted
by tho council last night, calls for
th expendituro ot $111,411. An
ordinance was adopted raising the
salary f th city sanitary inspect
or from S100I to $1290 a year.
The "card ot thanks" habit U
spreading. Formerly confined t
obituary occasions, it Is now ta
rogue among candidates for po
litical office, both successful aad
otherwise. The use ot th publish
ed card ot thanks has beea crit
icized. I do not know why. It Is a
gesture of gratitude, ot courtesy,
and goodness knows humanity has
never- beea overburdened with
either. v-i ,1; .r: - -
Every ex-service man who be
lieve that h has a claim tor fed
eral vocational training should get
la hla application at once, it was
announced; yesterday..
The question of allowing a tax
payer to pay Tor street assess
ments with city warrants was
brought up at th council session
last -night; Ray L. Smith, city aU
torney, pointed out that it was
not a regular procedure. The mat
ter was referred to Smith.
' I reckon m eve got to get out ef
our heads th notion that suffi
cient money to max a down pay
Yacht! Lindsay, America'
tramp poet, will appear hero le
rember IT under tho anspbJe of
without a bishop . . .
" 'What to them were gilded dome
or towering spire?
'Neath their sturdy oaks and pines
arose their anthems winged
with fire.
"The people who lived In Ore
gon prior to IS 5 3 had nearly all
crossed tho plains, endured the
hardships aad taken the risks of
their perilous journey .... Here,
nestled among magnificent moun
tains, was the WUlamette valley,
a land as fair as where Arcadian
plains extend, or the tamed Hy da
spec flows . . . When they had
achieved their daring and danger
ous journey, and passed the Cas
cade mountains the last rampart
that barred their way to the prom
ised land and rode out on their
weary horsee Into the luxuriant
meadows surrounding them,
where the native grasses covered
them above their saddle skirts,
and saw their worn out oxen feed
ing and lying down contented oa
(Turn to Page I)
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