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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 3, 1932)
The OREGON STATESMAN. SalenV Oregon. Suwbj Handu JuarrVl932
'No Favor Sways
- . From First Statesman, March 2SM851 "
".. "THE STATESMAN PUBLISHING CO.
Chkle3 A. SreAcpCTs, Sheldon F. Sackett, Publishers
Charles A. SpraGue t . - r . - Editor-Mnnager
. Sheldon F. Sackett i - . - Managing Editor -
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Pres 4s exclusively entitled to the use for publica
tion of all news dispatches credited to It or not therwtse credited In
this paper. . i- . i
Pacific Coast Advertising Representatives:
Arthur W. Slypes, Inc.. -Portland, SecurJty Bids".
- i Ban Francisco, Sharon BJdg. ; Los Angeles, W. Pae. Blic
Eastern Advertising Representatives:
"1 Ford-Parsons-Stecher, Inei, New Tors, Salmon Tower Bid..
' tl W. elnd St.; Chicago, 389 N. Michigan Ave.
Entered at the Pc staff ice at Salem, Oregon, as Second-Class
Matter. Published every knowing except Monday. Business
office, its S. Commercial 6
, SUBSCRIPTION RATES:
stall 8utscrtptton Rates, In Advacc. Within Oregon : Daily au
Sunday. 1 Mo. CO cents; S Ma $1.25; ila. $2.23: 1 rear $.&
Elsewhere fit cents per !., or $ J.00 tor 1 year In advance.
By City Carrier! 45 cents month; $5.04 a yesr Ir advance. Per
Copy I cents On trains and News Stands 5 cent
x s Short Sand Beach
IT was in 1924 that we first visited Short Sand beach which
has now been deeded to the state as a park by E. S. Col
lins, Portland lumberman. With a small party we made an
over-night trip of it. Then to reach it one had to take the nar
row trail around the, f ace. of -Neah-kah-nie mountain, which
- shoulders out into the very ocean. The marine view along
the trail was magnificent, one that has few parallels on this
coast. Tillamook Head is something like it, and Cape Perpet
ua down in Lane county. From Neah-kah-nie mountain one
... may see far out over the ocean, and the fringe of summer
homes along the shoreline in the settlements of Neah-kah-nie,
Manzanita, the mouth of the Nehalem with its spit of sand
where the beeswax ship grounded centuries ago, and on be
yond to Manhattan and Rockaway beaches and Cape Mears
with its light. To the north is Treasure Cove, and beyond is
Short Sand beach is tucked in between Cape Falcon and
; one of the ridges of the mountain which breaks down to
the sea. The water runs in and forms something like a hol
low square instead of the usual v-shaped indentation of the
coastline. Mighty hemlock and spruce rise beyond the" short
stretch which limits the tides; a creek meanders through
the woods and spreads out over the tide-washed beach. On
the Cape Falcon side there are agate caves, accessible at low
The beach itself is long and shallow, perfect for bathing
when the tide comes in. At extreme low.tide clamming-is a
major sport, with these fancy razor clams to reward the
Last, summer we revisited Short Sand beach. Now a road
has been chiseled around the mountain, hanging over the
edge of precipices, possessing the matchless marine view like
the old trail did. The highway will cut in back of Short Sand
beach, though at present there is a half-mile of trail from
" the end of construction to the beach. When the road is built
and tourists roll in over the oiled macadam, then thousands
will see and enjoy this little gem of a beach. We hope it may
be preserved in its wild state; for the tourist overrun might
soon bring desecration to a beauty now almost divine.
One by one the threads of highways are woven into
strange places, the remote is brought near, and the charm of
distant mountain glen and ocean beach laid open for the mul
- titude. The state is richer for this gift of Mr. Collins. It pre
serve for the people one of the most lovely spots on the coast
line; and saves it from the ruin of commercialization.
Profits in Bond Flotations
THINGS look pretty bad for some of the big bond houses
who have admitted making millions in selling foreign
bonds to American investors. On New York i nsf ifiiTinn ad
mitted making over $29,000,000 on sales of oyer five and a
half billions. Kuhn. Loeb and
of $4,224,395 on sales of a little over a billion in bonds. Prof-
us oi millions ioojc enormous to our eyes because we are ac
i customed to think of profits in terms of dollars or hundreds
of dollars. But when you figure it out in the first case the
margin, of profit was 5-10ths of one per cent ; and in the oth
er case less than 4-10ths of one percent. From gross profit
also would need to be deducted expenses of handling such
- bond issues. The profits appear large but the percentage of
profit is small.
Had the bonds turned out good, there would be little
- criticism of the bond houses. We were starting out to fill the
role of a creditor nation and to lend money all over the world.
England had done it for centuries at great profit to herself.
Our brief experience has been a sorry one;
Just how much blame attaches to the financial houses
which sold the bonds we do not know. In some instances the
v. deals were putrid, as in the case of financing some South
American countries and cities. Eut the great majority of tjjje
loans were legitimately negotiated and were for honorable
purposes, and no skullduggery is apparent in any part of the
., While the finger of shame is pointed at the foreign
bonds because of their political aspect, the record of foreign
bonds, aside from South 4merica, is not much worse than
that of domestic bonds where values have melted away. Is
sues brought out even since the depression started have sunk
down into the thirties in the quotation tables. Some one is to
blame; hut it is difficult to say just who. The times are out
of joint and the judgment even of the most experienced men
has gone sadly awry in many cases.
I A Famous Editor Dies
DEATH has removed o4e of the greatest editors of the
western world: C. P. Scott for 57 years editor of the
Machester Guardian, in England. His paper was little known
this far from the seat of its publication, and the name of its
editor scarcely at all. Yet the influence of the Guardian tin-
de.r. tw. editorial tutelage of Mr. Scott was world-wide. His
retirement from active work a few years ago was the occa-
expression of tribute to Mr. Scott from all quarters
. of the English-speaking wof Id.
The only papers we trkink. of as comparing with the
Guardian under Scott are the Springfield Republican under
the elder Samuel Bowes, and the Nation, New York, first un
tier L. Godkm and now,uder Oscar G. Villard. Scott made
it nFiS " mss circulation after the fashion of Lord
rthcliffe. He held to the! highest ideals of his profession,
lie stood for principles wlich were rooted in instincts of
idealism and social uplift, knd did not debase his ideas in
. the race for subscribers. 1 -
,-,UAat Mo,uat Angel only $378.66 of the town's 1930 tax levy
, of 2I0 remains unpaid. That's a fine record. We doubt If It is
t'lH V7 WhCTe rJV31 te. Muck of the credit snould go to
MriUw W1?enUi "srita coffee as a source of fuel tor an
- I tomobiies. We have had soma caps, with lots of horsepower in them.
PHILADELPHIA,, Jan. 3 -
., (AP) Carrying out the highest
Ideals of the ethics at his profes
sion. Dr. Francis X. Derenm, not
ed neurologist of this ity, Im his
will ordered destroyed the private
ecordi f hu satlents,. ia-
Us; No Fear Shall Ave" ,
eluding those of President Wood
row Wllsen. '
Dr. Dercum. who died last Ap
ril, had among his patienta many
noubla persona. He coaaidered
the records so confidential , that
they should never be permitted to
be seen, even by other bysic1ans.
URGE FOB ram
Whites Exploit Colored Peo
ples, but Races may
By P. B. COLTON
NEW ORLEANS. Jan. 2(AP)
The urge for wealth that gara
the white race world supremacy
has created a new kind of "racial
peril" that may threaten white
rule, the American association for
the advancement of science was
The new "racial peril", includes
yellow, brown and black races and
arises from rapid increase of these
races in. response to the white
man's world-wide demand for la
bor and markets." said Dr. a. J.
Holmes of the University of Cali
fornia. It is financially profitable for
the whites to eneourare. increase
of the world's colored races, for
these races help produce, the white
man's wealth and buy his goods,
he declared, but this aolicr may
result in an intensified struggle
lor existence between the colored
races and the whites.
"The tendency of industrial de
velopment to cause dominant peo
ples to be swamped out by the de
scendants oi - more primitive
stocks who are utilized as laborers
is one which every wiselv-eov
erned people should consider with
great care." Dr. Holmes con
"Just 3 bad money drives out
good money, so a low standard
population tends to drive out i
high standard population.
"The white race's nolicr of m
ploitation has contributed not onl
to the Increase of the white race
out it nas aided also the increase
or its rivals," he said.
"In the present period of the
worms history, the white race,
after having spread over and ex
ploited very considerable portions
of the earth's surface, and after
ward wrought unspeakable havoc
as a result of Its domination, has
uuw come to minister to .the wel
iare or its colored cohabitants,
oecause it is rinding them a valu
able financial asset."
NEW ORLEANS. Jan. 2 TAPi
The annual S1.000 nrize for an
outstanding discovery was award-
ea tonight by the American asso
wutuun ior me advancement of
science io Dr. Carl Caskev Spledel
of the University of Virginia
He is the first scientist to make
a nerve grow so that all Its secrets
are visiole from its birth'' to ma
... Of Old Salem
Towb Talks from The Statee
auut of Earlier Daya
January a. 1907
Local democratic chleftans are
preparing to entertain William
Jennings Bryan here on January
z. ine opera house probably will
be used to accommodate the large
crowa expected to turn out to hear
The coldest day during the last
December was 28 degrees, the
warmest, 58. Only 4.75 inches of
rain fell and no snow at all.
The total estimated expense of
the state for the year If 07 is Jl,
435,565.88, of which 81,000,000
will have to be raised by direct
taxation among the several coun
ties. January 3, 1922
The Marion county road hnnd
issue of 1200,000 has brought bids
with a premium of 84860, or a
price of 8102.43 rer 8100 hmid
Seeking to make nieic
flax growing center. farmr of
that district will meet next Wed
nesday to order seed and pledge
business and the gradual restora
tion of normal conditions ar in
dicated in the comparison of re
ports in the last month with those
of December 1920.
Daily Health Talks
By ROYAL S. COPELAND, M. D.
SCARLET FEVES Is a disease
of children, rarely seen in
Adults. It is highly contagious
ana rapiaiy spreads Irom one child
to another. All too often serious
to this malady.
A child with a
mild form of
may pass it en
to another child,
who then may
have the disease
in a much mors
I wonder how
many of von . Dr. Oant j
faow tJ there is a test by which
, child s susceptibility to scarlet
lever can be determined. This Is
called the "Dick test." It is based
on the same principles as the
test." which deUrmJne. .
' T ?K1!P,t':to tok "Phtherla.
In the Dick test a small amount of
ths skin. It la a simple and pajnless
Procedure. It a reddish spot ap
P25. kla within twenty-
s,n tha to "WtrtSd as
S"" to scarlet fever. It the
is poaiuve this soot does not
aappea far from twe to three
Answers to ifealth 0ocrien J
. w. vrnat treatment Is
Jafcate for sciatica? paln has
this require operaUoar
A. Sfclatica can usually be traced
to some untiring tafeVtiW Try
IN MAGtLLANESE, OflJ, SOUTH
' ERNMOST CITX IN THE WORLD
TAILINGS FROM NEARBY GOLD
MINES, MIXED WITH
rrtlCIJr r r rt r-
.USED IN MAKING
' PAVING STRPPTg Al
I OASf CONG$TEO AND BY WKUSS
imwne itu. LAND COPS WHBtE TO
Resolution Broken Better
Than No Resolution At All
By D. H. Talmadge. Sage of Sal
Eight death notices and eight
birth notices la the day before
Chrlstmaa local newsprints. The
same old common level.
Ah, many a burst of genuine
eloquence has burst Itself against
a sudden stoppage of the throat,
and one small trickling tear
sometimes speaka mora loudly
than a rush of many waters.
And ah again, if you would be
listened to yoa must learn to
listen and be patient.
And why should a person be
vexed la spirit because another
person evidences a weakness sim
ilar to the weakness of the vexed
When one human oalls an
other a fool, meaning to the
understanding of those who hear
that he himself Is the fool. It
would appear that there is no
need for further words.
How shall we know our neigh
bor? Note the tone and manner
in which he saya "Pass the but
ter," both whea he la alone with
his dear ones and whea company
The bee atings but once, but
man stings many times. Man Is
the superior Insect.
There Is dignity la a retinue,
Sometimes, sometimes not. A ret
inue of bill collectors Is not so
Lire is sweeter to him who
hopes not overmuch. The year
just gone was tough in s"Dots
Most years, are tough in spots for
some of us. So long as we coma
through a year In a fair condi
tion of body and spirits, with our
appetite for botcakes unimpaired.
Much Is to be said, and much
has been said, for the man who
makes two blades of grass grow
where one grew before. And much
is to be said, also, for the holiday
shopping season, which some
times makes two corns rrnv
wnere one grew before.
We may laugh or we mar err
t me. iaugn wnen yoa can,
brother or sister, - blubber when
A. US. T . "
you must, and thank God you do
not suffer more grief than you
can weep ror.
It seems as if there should be
some means of relief, other than
singing, for those folks who can
not sing,, but who feel they must
When the test la nesaUve and the
child is not susceptible to scarlet
fever, there is only a alight discolor
atfam and this disappears with la
Although scarlet fever la extreme
ly contagious some chUdrea do not
eon tract it. This la due te a natural
Immunity which they possess. -This
Immunity, or resistance to the dis
ease, increases with ara and that is
one of the reasons why the slsnssi
Sa rarely seen la adults.
Few roans children possess
Immunity, it Is Important tor them
to acquire ft. If possible. I
A Bisspte Test"
Many authorities believe every
chfld should be tested to find eat
whether he Is susceptible to scarlet
fever. If the test la peslUve, the'
child should receive a series ec In-'
jections of scarlet fever toxin a that1
he may build vo his resistanoa to:
the disease. These Injections are'
given at weekly Intervals. Their
success Is checked by another Dlckj
test, to determine whether er not
the dssh-ed immunity has heesvde-t
Encourage by the amasfng success
of the efforts to control diphtheria
It is hoped that scarlet fever wUi be
eradicated eventually. This can only
be hoped for when there Is complete
cooperation between parents aad
Since the teat Is ss sfurole. averv
mother should think seriously about
the advantage at this added protec
tion far her child. Anyhow, talk
with your doctor about tt
to find the source first of eft Mas
sage and application) et heat shenU
ve relief sum while, ror further
Pfrtteulaxa mod s wtf-addressed.
" n9mt w
. . i .... r - .... - -.. . - ii
' 11 W - .... . .
sing. However, there isn't, anil
there is nothing for It but te ut
em sing. It should be no cause
ior serious annoyance. There are
worse vocal effects than thoae
produced by singers who cannot
Again comes thans-hr nf u
Tennyson "Ring out. wild bells'
to the wild sky. the flvln in
.thrroaty Utht; th 7far la dying
hu aigai; ring- out, wild bells,
and let him die." We have rwa
did we seemed unable to think
oi anyxning else to do.
Quite a lot of rain in Decem
ber. Isn't the rain wonderfnl? As
a matter of fact. Isn't all nature
.TnaerruJT As Mr- whittler says.
ine warp at nature's advent
Strang nas never ceased to play;
mo song iue stara or morning
sung hAs never died away. So
nature aeeps the reverent frame
wun wiucn her years began, and
all her signs and voices shame!
mo prayene3s heart of man.
Ana tae Deauiirul Willamette is
naving a swell bath.
Which reminds me a whisper
Is passing about that the "Willam
ette river has nedbugsT The same
old gossip. I'y heard that story
about the neighbors so m in
"pa3; .r.rtK trat
i pay no attention to It any more.
I calculate a good resolution
shattered 1. better than no gooi
resolution at all. One has at bt I were
rate the fragments t ihL J mns the earliest -arrivals over
Sfendini SmotSS-I thnw the settlemtnt of Oregon
Praise be for w-omedv! Pah.
land, with her battleship and her
whale and her elephant, move
us m smile, and heaven knows
wo need something to move us to
mu. fn tw. r"Tu" "
7 J.,.! .r"'"' .C1L' n,
s"t iruin am gous! UllDeXt I
and Snlllvan might have done
something with it aon
Tusko lost his rood name,
While back, and Whether nr nn
it was his own fault doesn't mat.
ter now. an f m
. . "OTDUt I
oieesxe due to a blemished repu-
tatlon. NntiA. .ari.,.i. I
tatlon. Nobody serlouslv wants
elephant with a complex for gly
iag more or lest correct imita
tions of tornadoes and earth
quakes. Portland, I presume,
wight be induced for ths chil
dren 'a aaka tn aitAn . .i.
phnnt of sweet disposition, left, I
in a manner or speajtlng, on the
mnnlclpal doorstep. But even ths
genial showman. Mayor Georgs
Baker, whose heart Is palpably
wrung by the predicament In
whlch the elephant finds himself.
shakea his head.
There are upwards of Kn nnh.
He eatlnc places in the city of
Salem. Hall to the chef!
Mother O'Leary, Incorporated,
is taking over ths White House
restaurant on state street and
Mrs. Olmsted has rescued ths
Rosa Cats., from ths dark on
North -Commercial. Good luck to
the Georges, who are leaving the
wnite House art or many years,
and rood lack to the 0'Learya,
and rood luck to Mrs. Olmatsdl I
All thoroughly eXfJUrfeat restaur-1
ant people. X cannot eat orrery-1
where. Sorry. Lack of anaca. sal
tho editor nays. i
-,wairmsavj sa jjrhj chsarnni .
i The If ex-can peons, frown tired
of Paco Morales' oppression, await
the word from "El Coyote," their
" VT. Protctor. to overthrow him.
Morales has enlisted the aid of the
U. S. Cavalry to capture the Jratori-
. ous bandit. Ted RadcKffe. a young
"-wnwi. Jearns that Morales waa
' responsible for bis late father's rain.
oe war-mesa, Ted s friend, urges
tuns not to make an enemy of Mo
rales, as he has other plana. Ted is
enamored of Morales' beautiful niece
Adela, At a fiesta. Jko, Morales
warn, jeaiooa of Ted, challenges him
to a wrestling match. Ted wins, and
Adela, senator Jito's hatred, exacts
a promise from Ted never to fight
with him. Morales informs Bob that
men win. join m the search for
EI Coyote" and that Jito has dedi-
caiea nanseu to kill the hit
Adela tells Ted ho must not let his
oi wealth keep him from love.
Bob receives a note and leaves the
merrymaking. Shortly after, news is
rwrea ? mat jito's vaqueros are
raiding the village. When Morales
refuses to interfere, Adela leaves in
her car. Ted and Morales eo, to
Straight into the crawrf AAi,
arove me car. Horses and men
ieapea wuajy aside as she threw
the brakes, almost in the -Mtr
the vaqueros. Ted leaned forward.
Hemmed in by shouting horsemen,
an old man stood, bound with leather
mongs, and directly beside him
young vaquero held a girl in his
arms, tielplessly she struggUd there.
Her blouse, caught in his fingers,
had ripped, exposing her breasts.
Laughing, the vaquero held her high
up io uie aeugnt ot his fellows.
Tor Dios." he called, "what
morsei, tms little pigeonl I could
eat her in one bite," And he pre
tended to close his teeth on her
The girTa head had fallen back.
ncr eyes were closed. The old man
Ted gathered himself to jump, but
Adela had already leaped from the
car, and, snatching the quirt from
the hands of a rider, lashed it full
in the vaquero's face with all her
might. Dropping the rirL the Mex.
ican turned savagely, while' a white
scar stood out across his cheek.
Once more the quirt bit deep into
ms sain, lie raised his clenched fist,
then, seeing Adela Morales, started
back and snatched the sombrero
trom his head.
"Sefiorita," he began.
xou damned dog!" Once more
she lashed the quirt into his dark
tace, then hurled it at his feet "Yoa
drunken, cowardly curl Out of here,
you and all your blood pack."
Before her white fury the dis
mayed crowd pushed back. Adela
kneeled and gathered the girl in her
arms. Ted still stood on the run
ning-board, ready to strike if the
need came. His hands were clenched,
but the vaquero, like a beaten dog,
crept into the crowd. The sobbing
gin na ner tace in Adela's arms.
From the outer fringe of the crowd
came the sound of renewed shouting,
and the galloping of horses. Tri
umphantly the vaqueros raised their
hats in greeting. Jito, their leader,
had arrived. Who now would come
between them and their Just loot?
Jumping from his horse the big
Mexican shouldered his way to the
little group. He had eyes for none
but Adela, and at her he frowned.
"Why are you here? Yoa ought
not be here among these people"
Ho turned to Morales. "Seftor,
why do you let her come out on a
night of fiesta r
"Why do yoa do-gs come among
these people on fiesta?" the girl de
manded, and Jito stepped back a
pace before the hcjt anger of her
eyes. The contemptuous voice went
BITS for BREAKFAST
HBj R. J. HENDRICKS
Now you tell one:'
Bancroft aald of "Black Harris,"
(Continuing from yesterday:)
who held the palm as the prince
J "'L "rcI f
"Moses Harris, the 'Black
Squire a famous scout and trap
per, came to the Willamette val
ley in 1844. Hs was Well versed In
the Shoshone dialect, and was In
this and other wava of m,,rh
.i.. . , ' '71
Tice A0. thf "Pinion (meaning
the 1844 Immigration.) He re-
turned to the states In 1847, and
oiea at Independence, Mo."
Bancroft referred to him azain
in this way: "Moses! Harris, eom-
tnl 1 r T
TL 7. " . imc "rr or
tne Black Squire, among moun-
Uln men. Ilk others! of his class,
had the gift of story telling, and
waa noted for a famous fiction
about n petrified forest which he
had seen, on which the leaves and
birds were preserved in all the
If?17..0' Uft' tn outht of the
aV . V n j alll m e J eat a St S X A A s .
7 ,, vyu in m oi sing-
iae- " 4 I
. t .
TT , find the first (reference to
?arrIi br writers of i Oregon his-
tor7 a r9Mrl ' f-
migration covered wagon trains.
with the information: "Moses
Harris, well known in the moan-
Uln aitt0n fur! traders and
trappers as Black JHarrts. acted
as guiao iinat u, of the compan-
ping Bureau. Salem: Factories
and plant of the Chisel Red Ink
Syndlcata, Ksw York.j entirely de
stroyed by Are. Losf $711,000,
00. Syndicate completely rnlned
President Scrim ey of; the Chisel
Red Ink Supply Industry Syn
dicate SSVS "W will innf nVf
as the nrnanard Vnl tk. i
red Ink during nil am not
bright. This means - tie th
a. n t a r a h.MMt &
Hannr Maw Year tA TsTi.
Bandit ,j Border" B?9M
"Por Dios," he caHed, "what a morsel, this Httle pigeon! I could eat
her In one bite."
on. "Your damned wolf pack must
nave Diood, always blood, from these
peaceful people. Each year it is the
same. Always the same Uie of ran
and terror and drunken raids along
the border towns, and always a shrug
or ine snouiaers. It is just Jito's
boys at their pleasure." She raised
her clenched fist "I hope to the
Mother ot God some day El Coyote
seeks you out and finds vou at Toar
play. Your cries will have a different
tone. You win taste a different sport
from tearing clothes from uncon
scious girls and strikics: down mu
already tottering with age. Is there
no other way to show your bravery
than here at peaceful ranches? Last
month at Aeua Duke vea. I heard
about that too, and what you did at
i lerra a reva, when your pack went
blind mad because the people of the
village had fenced in their farm land.
You are a brave man. Jito. and a
eauer ot brave men, and some day
l nope to uod 1 shall see vou all
fawning at the feet of El Coyote for
tnat rotten ate of yours."
She would have said more. ht
Morales placed his hand over her
Not another word." he said.
will not have it." -
With the strength of anrer she
struck her uncle's band aside. "Tell
him you will not have his cruelty or
cowardice. TeQ him! Do vou re.
member two years ago, when your
vaqueros raided the village? That
was sport too, wasn't it? And do
you remember the girl who never
became quite sane after those ruffi
ans of yours and Jito's had their
A sob caught the rirL "Be rr
giaa nave not ray way tonight, or
some ot these merrymakers would
Jito raised his hue handa tr
of pent-up anger stood in his eyes.
ix a man bad spoken to me as you
have, he would have died." His only
answer was the girl's disdainful
Jito turned to Morales. "I come
here tonight to deal out justice to
one who defies your rights. This is
no time for the interferons of
Steadily Morales looked at Adet.
She will not interfere. I forbid it
But let your justice be brief."
unoer uapt. Nathaniel Ford
and Capt. John Thorp.) A com
pany under Sublette (likely Min
ion ouoiette) traveled with them
from the Platte to Green river"
We find Harris with the party
starting fromthe old
what became Salem with Dr. El-
ijan nite on July 12, 1815, in
his then well known attempt to
find a passage over the Cascades
for future covered wagon trains
arriving from beyond the Rock
ies. The other members of this
party were Joseph Gale, Baptists
DuOuerre, John Edwards, Orris
Brown, Joseph C. Saxton, and two
others. They explored up theSan
tiam, and further south, perhaps
as far as the MeKenzIe, but made
no headway In finding what they
were searching- for.
We find Harris in the spring of
18 4 going with another party
up the Santiam on the same quest,
the other members being the J.
M. Garrison, J. B. McClane, Thom
as Holt, James P. Martin, J. W.
Boyle and A. a R. Shaw, known
as "Sheeo" Shaw.
Stin later in that year, Harris
was with the party on the sajne
quest, mentioned by John Mlnto;
the party headed by Col. Corne
lius Gmiam, and of which Judge
T. C. Shaw was the youngest
member and in which was Jo
seph Gervais. Certainly ft is a
wonder the Mlnto pass was not
found in time t5 give great relief
to the covered wagon trains from
Established 1 868 ; ii
OommcrclAl tad Sarlaitt Deprtment
Jito gave his vaqueros an order,
and in the instant they brought the
bent old man before him.
His faded blue overalls were tat
tered at the edges. The shoes upon
his feet wtre cut and worn. He
looked up fearfully at the towering
"For the love of God, sefior," his
thin, high roice began, "what do yon
want of me? I have nothing here.
I am poor."
Jito smiled thinly. "And you will
be many times poorer before the
night is finished." He rolled a cig
arette. "Two months aa. YeWn
Dominguer, I told 'you to leave this
country. I told you we would not
tolerate your presence here in the
midst of our range."
But I own these fire acres. I
have my papers." The voice trem
Papers, you peon dog. What are
papers to; us? Are we clerks and
schoolboys that you talk of papers?"
eut, se&or,- the voice had token
on a puzzled tone, "I own this land."
Now, by the cross, you - own
nothing here except through the tol
erance of Paco Morales. You all
know that. He tolerates you. By
his favor, he lets you live, and when
he chooses to raise a finjrer and sav
go, it is better that you eo. or ths
you had never been born. Yon know
an this is true, yet you thought
God alone knows what vou thn,rht
Perhaps yon thought that El Covts
would protect yon. Men teH me that
this bandit has promised to protect
all of you. WeD, he makes poor suc
cess of it tonight, eh, amigo? But
let that pass. You have been warned
to go. One month aero I warned to
again. You said nothing. You did
I asked for time." the thin M
voice replied. ' I asked only to stay
until after harvest. It would ruin
me to leave my home before har
It will ruin you in any case, old
one. Jito pnffed slowly at his cig
arette. The flames roared higher,
gleaming on the vaqueros' bridles
and polished conchas, casting long
shadows out toward the black night
about them. Beyond lay the village
in ab3o!jte quiet. Morales had laid
his long arms about Adela. Beside
her Ted stood, grimly alert.
To Be Continued)
154 on; especially since the
Hud3on'a Bay company men had
used it up to the thirties or later,
and the Indians had come that
way from time immemorial up to
the early -part of the last centnrv.
And the search for a better way
across the Cascades went on. That
same year (1840), Black Harris
started JuneS from the Apple
gate settlement on the Rlckreall
in search of the "southern route."
Jesse Applegate headed the party,
and the other members besides
Harris were Lindsay Apple?ats,
John Scott, Henry Bogus, John
Owens, John Jones, Robert Smith,
Samuel Goodhue, Bennett Os
borne and Wm. Sportsman. The
party had a Journey of many
hardahlps and dangers, through
southern Oregon, the Klamath
country, and on eastward, and ar-
Fort HaU 118111 fter JulX
-5. Henry Bogus learned there
that a son of James Grant, fac
tor at Tort Hall, had started for
St. Louis, and,-wishing to return
across ths plains, followed him.
and was never again heard from.
Ho was probably killed by the In
dians. The use ot the southern
route, by war of thi tri.m.ti.
Rogue and Umpqua valleys, re
sulted from the efforts of that ex
ploring party. It is often TAfArr.it
to aa ths Applegato routs.
We see Black Harris in the role
of lifs saving service on two no
table occasions. Stephen H. L.
Meek, probably on the I advice of
Dr. Elijah White, who ras on hla
way east after serving as sub
agent for the Indians, Attempted
to lead about 200 families ot the
11 4 S Immigration front n point
near Fort Boise by wa of what
became. known as "Meek's cut
( Continued on page t)