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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (March 19, 1931)
PAGE FOUR -
The OI1CGON STAtCSIIAiT, C&!rr Ort'-c:f, Z2l7SS!Xr''l9gJT-r
iytE, . i aim
"No -Favor Sways Us; No Fear Shall Awe"
' From First Statesman, March 23, 1851 .
' ' THE STATESMAN PUBLISHING CO.
Charixs A. SraACur, Shldon F. Sacxxtt, Publuhtri
Chaelts A. vSrticns - - Editor-Manager
Sheldost F. Sackett ,
- -' Managing Editor
, - Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled te the tae for publica
tion of all Dew a dispatches credited to it or cot otherwise credited la
thia paper. M, , .- -y
Pacific Coast Advertising Representatives:
"Arthur W. F types, In, Umland, Security BUlg.
San Francisco, Bharon BlUg.; Los Angeles, W. Pac Bide ; ...
; ; Eastern Advertisins Representatives:
Ford-Paxsons-St;b?r,lr, New Tork, 171 Madison Are. 5
Chicago, tea N. .Michigan Ave. t
Entered at ths Potto ff ice at Salem, Oregon, a Second-Clot
Hatter. Published ever morninjr except Monday. Businejt
office. SIS S. Commercial Street. : , 1
I SUBSCRIPTION RATES:
Mail Buh-rirW Rates. In-Adanre. Within Oregon J Daily and
Sunday. 1 Mo. S cents; 3 MC $1.25 Ma. !.: 1 year Else
where 50 ctants per Mo. or for I year in advance.
By City Carriers S cants a month : IS. 5 a year la advance. Per
Copy X cents. On trains arid News Stands S cents. : ,
f The State No Inventor i l ; I
WHEN we consider the. public, ownership of technical In
dustries like electric light, the' public fail3 to realize
oftentimes that what success, public ownership has had, has
come chiefly in the wake of the technical inventions made
by private enterprise. The Chronicle,; New York, makes
some pertinent observations on this score as follows:
"Making waterfalls light cities Is a magic which. belongs to
"man net to the State. There is no inventive genius in gov
ernment. Law, as a rule of right action, is generated, or;
should be. out of public opinion, and has no creative V power ;
within. Itself. We have strayed fir from this original concept,
but we need not consider that here and now, left to itself, the
'State could never discover or. chain or control electricity. , It is
a product o the human mind more .accurately a product or
the divine mind.. Is the fiction of the State able to manage
this elusive power after man snatches It from the Unknown?
. Inherently, no! The State, represented, by Its officials selected
by the people, nsea the brains; of its creators and supporters
through delegated authority; the- individualism of the man is
still omnipotent. Not only can he, in a democracy, fashion
and control the State; -he can abolish it. Yet the State-can-Jnot,
must not we say, abolish the man. We think these tunda
- mental truths are Important - in considering the so-called
" . power trust'. - ''!?' ! : .
"They are important because no sooner does the State em
ploy Its delegated power in the generations and use of elec
tricity than It Is met by the' initiative, enterprise and invent
Ire genius of all free men within and without its borders in
the production of ' something cheaper and better. With this
mighty agency of ' progress it cannot compete. Since it uses
only man's own ideas. If It by State ownership and operation
eliminates man from the contest. It holds back the march of
Invention, uses the old and outmoded -machinery, or Is com-
pelled to replace it at extraordinary expense. Tot' so when
man (or hla representative the corporation)' competes with,
all other inventions in the open field of I progress toward
something cheaper and better. . At the moment the State
owls and controls an industry it becomes J a monopoly. It
must shut out all competitors. Since the State la in essence
the people in a representative democracy, it has no initiative,
follows and does not lead, retards development "and improve
ment, and enslaves the people by the monotony of the inertia.
Men, corporations, operating' in the free competition of the
most and best at the least cost are not so bound. They exist
only by virtue of an ever-increasing service."!
' - v
Genius for 1 Money-Getting
"Albert Engbrjetson, superintendent of the Astor experiment
station, and secretary and guiding genius of the Lower Colum
bia Co-operative Dairy association, is rapidly qualifying for
4h3 title), of "first aid to the Oregon Dairy industry." Ils latest
achievement is to secure from the federal farm board a loan of
-., $30,000 tor the Interstate Associated Creameries, $30,000 for
the Eugene Farmers eremaery, and $20,000 for the Pine Eagle
lo-oporation organization of Baker. ' i
"Mr. Engbretson's first appearance before the federal farm
board at Washington in company with Mark J. Johnson, pres
ident of the Lower Columbia association, resulted in a loan of
$205,000 to the local association for its expansion prograjn.
When the three other Oregon co-operatives named above wlsh-
March 19. IMA '
A long list of candidates, ev
ery one republicans, is running
ror ornce of state representative:
Oliver Beers, Mission Bottom;
W. M. Cherrington, Frank Davey.
3. A. Hughes, A. N. Mooree and
L. R. Stinson, all of Salem; Je
rome T. Jones, Macleay; James
W. McCown. Noble: John W. Me-
Klnney. Turner: H. D. Mount
snverton; u. t. Reynolds. - Che
ma wa: La. H. Settlemier. CTood-
ed to secure the advantages of this new federal agency, they T1.. . - Simmons. Mlnotlr;
consulted the local man, were advised by him. as- to prepara
tions and proceedings and commissioned him to represent them
before the board. His efforts were attended with success."-y
Astorlaa Budget. , f :
Just how getting a loan from the federal farm board
reveals genius Js beyond us. This five hundred million fund
was created for "loaning." What has been necessary how
ever is to "play ball.'' If a co-operative didn't "play ball'
with the overlords on the board; why it was given cold tur
key when the "loans" were ladled out.
Out here the Lower Columbia got its feet in the trough
first,, and ho one else has been able to get in on the dairy
products side, unless it accepted the dictates of the Lower
Columbia organization and their-higher-up friends. This
group has tried to dictate .markets, shut other co-ops out
of the Portland market,, and run things in general in the
dairv busineiut in Oreo-on. Si i
The state is pleased with the success of the Lower
Columbia organization, but we think "co-operation" ought
to extend to co-operating with other, co-operatives. -For all
that we hope the Lower Columbia and its friends live long
enougn to pay pii their loans from the government.
Tiger Hian ting in New York
OUT this far west we get mere whiffs of the scandals
being brought to light in .the investigations of munici
pal administration in New-York City. Now the probe has
reached the mayor's office, and the city affairs committee
has filed ten charges with Governor Koosevelt against May
or Jimmy Walker, who has gone to California "for rest."
The inquiry began with an investigation of the maeris-
trate's courts. It was disclosed that appointments to judge
ships were bargained for corruptly. It was disclosed that
nefarious practices prevailed in the administration of these
courts. A sinister connection with the Tammany machine
The complaints against Mayor Walker "charge failure
to discharge his duty as mayor in the adininistration of
public departments, permitting graft and inefficiency to
flourish. . ' . . ; j . "
-Little more could be expected of a boy fashion plate
who was selected purely for ornamental purposes. As offi
cial.greeter on the steps of the historic city hall Walker
kuucu vucau vckuil1J niocuuu aim BUUIllnLlC3.LPCl
air made him popular on the sidewalks of New York. But
behind the scenes the old Tammany tiger flourished, eating
yiciiiy iji iaw mcai, vut suiK vu wc corrupiion WniCn
muniopal maladministration tolerated. j t
Padlock the doors, a 11-nound roval Chinook Mlmnn ! tn.
4eea caught on the Rogue river, the first of the season. That will
start fisherman a Itch in au the men in these partsi i
We'd saV Dr. Cooper's memory knows its :"stoD-start, alrnals
quite weii. ; . i ;
Omer Hubbard -Laid
HUBBARD. March It Funer
al Mrricvs were aeia in AiCMlnn
vllle Wednesday afternoon for
Omer V. Hubbard, 8 1, who died
at a ; Salem hospiul Monday
night. r .
Mr. Hubbard Underwent aa op
eration last week 'from which-he
did not recover. Many years ago
he suffered an infection - in his
feet starting with chilblains and
causing him to undergo one oper
ation after another and finally re
sulting in his death.
He lived with his mother, Mrs,
John Hubbard, east of town., hav
ing com nere at the time of his
father's ; death several months
ago." .ma v
He Is survived by his mother
Mrs. Nethy Hubbard, one daugh
ter, . Miss Marlon Hubbard of
Opal City, and three sisters, Mrs.
Alice j erguson, Mrs. Earl Stone
both, of Portland and Mrs. H. R
Hamilton of Reno, Nov.:
By C. C. DATJER, M.D.
; Marion County Health Dept.
' While not as commonly found
in children as In adults, appendi
citis occurs .frequently enough to'
warrant a few
words Of discus
sion. Due to the
culty In diag-'
nosing this con
dition. In child
ren at times It
It well to point
out a few out--standlng
ly, occurs with
ances, pain in
Dr. c c. Dar - the: abdomen.
Colds or throat infections may be
ushered ' in with vomiting and
many children have quite pro
nounced pain in the abdomen. The
physician Is .often greatly confus
ed, Is the pain of no consequence
Or may it be one of the first signs
of an impending appendicitis? If
the latter, an early operation will
ward off a more serious condition
a perforation of the appendix.
If he wajts he la worried for fear
it may perforate, r
It Is a well known fact that ap
pendicitis in children, , especially
in small children, may progress
very rapidly to the stage of per
foration, i ;
In ordinary cases, that Is where
there has been no. throat infection
antedating the abdominal pain,
warning should be issued here,
never give a child or adult for that
matter a cathartic when there is
persistent abdominal pain except
by A physician's orders Two many
appendices have been perforated
from the vigorous action , of ca
thartics given unwisely because of
"pain In the stomach.' ,
Many physicians have been crit
icized very severely because a
child has been submitted to an
operation and normal, appendix
found, i Competent physicians,
among whom , one can count well
known pedJatrietaasv feel that it
is better to' operate and 'find m
normal appendix' than-to procras
tinate and allow a few children to
needlessly suffer with an appendi
ceal abscess, or even die on ac
count of a ruptured appendix.
rAN EXPENSIVE DZPETTOSffil ) h j
1 & ( IGCT CrVCKs 1
7r ' 'hSM.J. " - 1
Taa Xsfrioa eeonty departaseat at
aesua wilt gladly aaswer taronfh tkesa
cohnaeaay oaesUaaa pMtaiaiag ta pab
Ua feealta.. Scad in year aneatioas, ad
dressed either ta taa- health aepartaieat at
434 Jfortk High er to The Statsaaua.
i our Dams wiu aot oa printed.
.. . Of 014 Oregon
Town Talks txvgm The Staiee
nsasi Oar Fathers Read!
and W. A. Taylor, Macleay.
West Stayton The farm house
of Nicholas Sehmlts was destroy
ed by fire yesterday morning.
The bodr - of Howard Call in
who was drowned in the Willam
ette near the foot of Center street
February 12, was found yester
day afternoon on a little island
on the Gutherie place, nearly two
miles from where the young
man sank. r ;
Paul Hendricks cut off Quite
a slices from the northeast corner
of his thumb, while splitting kin
dling with a heavy axe.
IUIBI Pll lli
SILVERTON, March IS -War
ren Crabtree, . instructor of the
local Smith-Hughes department.
went to Salem Saturday night to
attend, a meeting of the state ex
ecutive committee of the Future
The meeting was nlanned to
make plans for next year's pro
gram. Palmer Torvend and Har
ry Way, two of the leading stu
dents in the SHverton denart-
ment, accompanied i Mr. Crabtree
to the meeting.
WASHINGTON. March 1$ '
(AP) A new policy calling fo
consolidation of soldiers' homes
and hospitals wherever feasible
was announced today by the vet
MASONS ARE HONORED
STAYTON. March IS On iUU
urday. March 14, W. H. Hobson
was 84 years of age and In honor
oLne occasion a special session of
the Masoale lodge was held. The
mam event of the evening was the
presentation of a handsome pin to
Mr. Hobson, for membership In
the Masonic lodge for SB years.
v. . maaeiy, who recently pass'
ed away had been a Mason ; for
more man 60 years and was to
have received hfs pin. The pin
SniJ'tT.?. KiTento widow.
f" aeier. air. Hobson has
held many state offices in th. r.
sonic organisation, j Mr. Blakelev
had been secretary of the Masonic
ior me past zz years, r
SCIO. March tw t
. x urn-
Wge, Sclosagent for the B. F.
Emery comuanv of tAt.n
states .that berry acreage in this
istva - ou iae increase and
prospects at present are that the
goal Of 100 aero nf ir..nt,.u
strawberries for the company will
be considerable exceeded: The
fruit will be received at ScIo but
processed this season at Lebanon,
as the company came Into the Scio
field too late to arrange for a bar
reling plant here for this year's
crop. Turaldge states, however,
that It is the announced plan et
his company to eroceea thh.
lies at Seie nert var anA k&.
aer u au goes welL.
"A Knight Comes Flying
Dave Ordway, . wealthy young
aviator, makes a forced landing
In an orange grove In the hinter
land of Florida. Looking for the
owner to pay for the damage,
Dave comes upon two beautiful
girls in overalls. ,
CHAPTER II i
; "How do we know you aren't
onerrrfMneller's men?" demand
ed the blue-eyed' girl uncomprom
isingly. "Call him up and ask Ibim,"
shrugged Dave. &
" The only telephone within six
miles is. at bis house.
"All right, then, 111 use his.
Which way do we go?" j
She turned and inspected him
deliberately. She missed no detail
of his sun-bleached brown hair, of
the wind-puckers at the corners
of his steady gray eyes, of the
somewhat too-prominent chin, or
of the broad, sloping shoulders
that gave a clear-cut line of
strength to his tapering, . lean-
"You mustn't go to Mueller's,"
she told him. "He doesn't like
strangers and, besides, you've
clipped off the tops of 20 or 30
or his trees. His groves meet ours
"Then I'll have to see htm any
way,- he said. Til have to pay
him for the damage."
"He isn't a pleasant man," said
the younger, black-haired . glrL
The best thing yon can do is to
go away as fast as you can."
"Have you a car that I could
hire to take me to hla house and
then to the nearest railroad or
"We have a car, answered, the
girl with the hair of glinting gold.
but it s out of commission. We
haven't been able to use it for
weeks." l . -
"I'm sort of a bright little .boy
around engines," he persisted.
Maybe X eould fix it"
A Helping Hand
"Oh. that would be wonder
ful!" exclaimed the younger girl,
hopefully. "Joan, please let him
"All light " agreed the other
negligently, "bat I still think that
he'd better go before Mueller
"May I Introduce myself f" ven
tured the flier. "My name is Dav
id Ordway." .
v "I am Joan Marbury," nodded
the older girl with perfect poise.
"This Is my cousin, Sally Mar
bury." ".j i ;
Sally's black eyes ell shyly un
der his direct faze. She turned
and followed Joan, who had al
ready begun to walk In the direc
tion whence they had come. Dave,
more than a little' diverted.
strolled after them. r
They merged from the gTove
Into a Iltle clearing beside the
rutted country road which he had
seen from: the air. At the other
end bt a pathetic attempt at
lawn-making stood a two-story
house of weathered brick which
had once been a perfect and beau
tiful example of Southern Colon
ial architecture. 'Across its front
was a wide verSnda, duplicated by
a railed, balcony at the second
floor level. The overhanging roof
was precariously supported by
several fluted Corinthian pillars,
from which grayish-white paint
was peeling in; long-, scrofulous
splinters. One of the columns was
missing, leaving a gap as conspic
uous as a missing front tooth. A
shutter on the r side facing the
groves was hanging at a rakish
angle; others had - been blown
away during the fleree 1 storms
that come to Florida in the early
fall. : ' - -j
Behind the plantation house
an old barn leaned wearily upon
its foundations as if hoping for a
sadden gust of wind which might
relieve It from' its duty of remain
ing longer in a comparatively. up
right posture., t
' Dave was conscious of a dis
tinct sense of depression. There
was something vaguely ominous
about the- whole place which the
sheer loveliness of the venerable
house seemed to accentuate rath
er than to dispel. An air of brood-
ins; melancholy had settled over
It, Intangible as a night mist but
Just as definitely there. What
were two such girls doing here
Surely there must be some man
about the property.
Joan led them to the rickety
barn and tugged at the sliding
door, which creaked and shud
dered upon its rusty -rollers. With
in was a dust-covered Ford tour
ing car of ancient vintage.
"Mueller tried to fix It," she ex
plained simply. "He told us the
repairs would cost almost - as
much as a new car."
The pilot opened the hood and
explored with expert fingers. His
face was bleak as he straightened
np and tnrned toward the girls.
: "Someone has deliberately
smashed the commutator with a
hammer," he said. "You can get
another tor a dollar or two and
It will take less than five min
utes to install."
"I'll order one sent from Tam
pa by bus," Joan said wearily. "I
"I think I can put It on myself.
Another score for, Mueller."
She turned abruptly and walk
ed toward the house. ,
"Who Is this bird.. Mueller,
anyway?" demanded Dave, 'walk
ing beside sally. rFrom every
thing I've heard you say, I'm be
ginning to think I'm going to like
The black-haired Sally placed a
small, - tanned N hind upon his
sleeve. " - .
"Please, Mr. Ordway, don't go
near him," she begged. ."Really,
Joan Is right. You must go away."
Her eyes looked ' into Dave's
with an expression of concern for
his safety that gave him a dis
"Look here. he said sudden
ly, "are you two girls here all
alone? Isn't there some man here
to look out for you?"
"My father died nearly a year
ago,'! Joan flung over her shoul
der, not looking back.
"Oh, I'm so sorry." he said
contritely. "But aren't there any
other men to help yon?" .
"Mueller has -offered his serv
ices." she replied, "but .we're on
our own, Sally and I, except for
Hannah, our cook." , .
"That settles It." lis declared.
"I've a longing to meet the ami
able Mueller that only an Inter
view' can satisfy. But first, if I
can find a bucket of water and
some soap, I'll come out from be
hind my disguise.
i He glanced down again . into
Sally's deep eyes and found some
thing reflected In their blackness
that stirred his pulses. She leaned
slightly toward him, watching her
"Please don't think -we're
rude,", she whispered, "Joan's
getting so she is hardly polite to
strangers. But it's Just because
she's had so much to worry her."
. There was n6 opportunity for
him to reply. They had reached
the taintless front steps which
led to the porch. Joan, still cool
and impersonal, led Dave through
a ; dim hallway, hign-cetlinged,
long and exquisite in proportions.
Great square rooms to rlght.and
left indicated that in the day of
Its youth the old mansion had
been the home of people both
cultured and wealthy. Now- the
wall paper was faded, the rugs
patched and threadbare. But the
dank, musty odor so often a part
of! aged houses was not there.
Poverty there might be; dirt and
shiftlessness none. .
The filer was shown to an old-
fashioned bathroom on the first
floor. Ten- . minutes later he
emerged, feellnjr himself again.
His shock of unruly hair had
been plastered down until the
hated wavlnes was no longer In
evidence. His bronxed face shone
from repeated applications of
soap and water. His strong, large
hands were a bright . pink from
the friction of a nail brush.' His
shaggy tweed sport suit, which
had been protected from the en
gine oil by khaki overalls, were
Immaculate and bore the invisible
imprint of a London tailor.
A tea wagon, one of - whose
wheels were slightly askewi had
been rolled to a shady, corner of
the hlgh-eellinged veranda.. Upon j
its glass top- was a pitcher bf
fresh orangeade and a chocolate
cake such ss no hotel or club
chef In Dave's experience had ever
fashioned. Sally, . who was pour
ing; had changed into a dress of
flowered organdy and looked dls
tractlngly pretty. Her piquant
profile was etched against the
background, of greenery beyond
and. when aha suddenly turned
and glanced at him, Dave flushed
guiltily, conscious that she had
caught him staring openly. But If
she had been offended, she 'made
no sign, turning demurely back to
the table and busying herself with
the filling of the tall glasses.
Some hlstorie memories
m ai "s -
Abner Lewis, whose boms Is at
1I2S flUte street, is one ot tne
oldest citizens in Salem and Its
vicinity, la point-- of continuous
residence. ; aBJi'i
. Reuben Lewis, of the famous
Dr. White party, of 114.. the
first considerable number of peo
ple to come to th Oregon country
as actual aettlers,-was his father.
Abner was born in .14 1, on the
Reuben. Lewis donation claim in
the Waldo HUls. So he Is a resi
dent of about SS years standing.
Mrs. Abner Lewis Is Just a younr
thing. She was not born until
Mr. .Lewis ran across the Bits
man on Tuesday. He had read the
news article about the . death of
Cyrus , F. Yeaton at Seattle. ' Mr.
Lewis remembered Mr. Yeaton
very well when he was In Salem,
In the sixties, running a meat
market. He had good reason to
remember Mr. Yeaton, for It was
with his help that Abner, as a
young fellow. 18 years or so of
age, was able to remain a student
of Willamette university. Mr.
Yeaton employed him, of eve
nings, to run hU sausage grinder,
and paid him well; about 25 cents
an hour. ' '
Mr. Lewis said he could not get
a proper recollection of the first
store in Salem, opened in the fall
of 18 47 with goods brought across
the plains in 1 four-yoke ox
wagons. There Is good reason, tor
Abner was only a year old tnen.
He said his first recollection of
the northeast corner of Commer
cial and Ferry streets, where the
first store was erected, was wnen
it was occupied by a hotel the
Union House. This Is explained
by a historical sketch of this city
in the Salem Directory of 1872,
written by J. Henry Brown, the
historian, and copied largely from
an article in the Salem Directory
of the year-before, written by
Rev. L. H. Judson, one of the
' , - "
E. M. Walte was "the printer of
the directory, and had associated
with him, in its publication, Frank
A. Cook, Salem's first book bind
er. The paragraph referred to
"In the summer of 1848, Mr.
-Ey IL J. HENDRICKS
I law aaw"
CHILDREN often cry for no
apparent reason. Many times wt
can't guess what is wrongl The crying "
may mean a touch of colic; the little,
bowels may be sluggish or some
other -upset. It may mean any of the
common little ailments that children
suffer. To I bring quick comfort to
your little one, give a few drops of .
Castoria. Most upsets of children are
soon soothed away by this pleasant
tasting remedy that children all love. v
, In r five nuHIon modern homes, .
Castoria is a mother's first, thought
when a child is out of sorts, feverish, ;
cross, doesn't eat right or sleep right. '
When bad breath, coated tongue, or
languor tells of constipation. These ;
five .million wise mothers know that
children should never be given stronger '
medicines meant for the fully developed
systems of gTown-ups. Castoria b
Centlesafe, yet always thorough and
: effective for a child of any age. It may
be given to the tiniest Infant for
, any little upset. When buying, look
for the signature of Chas. H. Fletcher
ca wrapper. . - ,
! "Too bsd I can't offer yon ice."
she 'apologized, - handing him a
cool tumbler. "Three years ago
we had electric refrigeration op
erated by current from Cathay.
But, of course, even the poles are
" 'Cathay?'.' echoed Dave, pus-
sled. :i. ' .-.--v.. ' : ."
. "Yes., You must be the only
person In the United States who
doesn't remember the name. I
thought every man, woman and
child in the country bought a lot
or a grove here."
"I was in Europe , during the
real estate boom in Florida," he
told her matter-ot-factly.
Just A Memory
"Cathay was an elaborate sub
division about two miles from
here";; she explained. "It was to
have been a sort of earthly para
dise set down In the midst of
orange blossoms and tropic flower
gardens. It was wonderful for a
wjille, : but when - the bottom
dropped out at the end of the
boom It gradually reverted to the
J Dave had ceased to listen. He
sat perfectly silent, his ears at
tuned to a familiar, faraway hum
Jn the afternoon sky. The girl
heard it, too, and looked toward
the southern horizon.
' ." "Mueller's plane. I guess." she
shrugged carelessly. ; -. , , .
"Is Mueller a flier?'.' demanded
Dave, astonished. .
I dont think he Is a pilot but
he owns at least one plane." Sally
explained. "Joan and I both think
he has several planes, but he's
never Invited us to look Into his
hangar. Joan wouldn't have gone
if he had Invited us."
Dave stared at the rapidly-
growing dot In the sapphire sky.
Larger and larger It became until
presently it roared over the house
at a considerable altitude. He rose
and walked to the, edge of the
porch Where he could follow It
with his eyes. - It flew straight
northward for a quarter of a
mile, then, suddenly, the beat of
its motor ceased as It swooped
Thomas . Cox, ' an Immigrant ot
1847, who-came la by the Barlow
route and brought a stock of dry
goods, and engaged la merchan
dising, the first In Salem, during
the winter of 1847-8, selected the
northeast corner of Commercial
and Ferry streets, in Salem, and
built a two-story house upon it,
which was used by him as a store
and 'dwelling during the time ot
his residence In Salem. His was
the first building put up In Salem
after the town was surveyed.
. : j '
"Afterward a two-story ihonae,
built by Thomas Powell, black
smith, about one block west front
Commercial street, was removed,
and placed in the rear ot the one
built by Mr. Cox, and these two
buildings formed the old Union
Hotel, which was burned, with
nearly all the-buildings in that
block, a few years since."
. : , v.. V V .
It Is evident," from the a bore,
that the, surveying of the down
town blocks and lots In Salem was
done in 1847 or 1848; or at least
commenced,, though the plat was
not filed until March 22, 1850.
The surveying was done and the
original plat was made by I. N.
Gilbert, an Immigrant of 1844. in
the. covered wagon train that
brought John Mlnto and many
other prominent pioneers. Gilbert
was afterward county surveyor.
and county clerk.
The books of Thomas Cox, Sa
lem's first merchant, show that
business was opened, and! sales
made, October 17, 1847. It Is the
theory of the writer that the first
sales must have been in a tent,
or tents, or perhaps from cover
ed wagons. A few wagons had
been brought, through, although
most of them were left at Mount
Hood prairie, on the Barlow
route, and the . goods packed on
(0 Indian ponies; the wagons that
were left being: brought out the
following spring or summer.
The theory that some tempor
ary quarters were used by the
first merchant tallies with the
above Salem Directory article.
Rer. L. H. Judson at that time
had, and for several years there
after occupied, his residence! in
what became Salem, in the center-of
the block surrounded by
uourc, Lineny, waemexeia ana
Commercial streets; the house af
terwards being used as the publi
cation office of the Pacific Chris
tian Advocate, and later, having,
been moved up to Court street,
next to the alley, and a -store
front added, was for a long time
occupied by the famous old North
Stsr saloon ot ."Sandy" Burns.
And J. Henry Brown was a grand
son of Thomas Cox, the first mer
chant, and came In the Cox train,
his father having died 1 on the
. 1 v s
No doubt the Union House, in
its flourishing days, was patron
ized liberally by members of the
territorial and stale governments,
and the legislators , of those days.
Their offices and meeting places
were - just" across Commercial
street, on the southwest and
northwest corners of Ferry. The
legislative sessions were held In
the Turner block, and some of the
state offices, including that of the
librarian, were In what is now the
Statesman block. -
There' Is no doubt at all that
the Thomas Cox store was the
first general merchandising estab
lishment fin what became Salem;
that he commenced business over
two years before the city plat was
filed and the town named, and
that the location of the store was
at the northeast corner ot Com
mercial and Ferry streets on the
corner north ot the Marlon hotel.
Just where the first -sales were
made,-before the .store building
was erected, is not definitely
It is also known that James
Turner Crump, a partner of Wil
liam Cox, son of Thomas Cox, who
succeeded the first merchant. In
the msnagement and at least part
ownership ot the store, was the
first postmaster; under the pro
visional . government postmaster
general, before the town was nam
ed Salem bi t was known as "The
Institute," and V perhaps Crump
was also the first territorial post
master.. An inquiry as to the lat
ter, point is now being made at
Washington, at .the instance of
downward in a long spiral, dlsap- I Congressman Hawley, tor the ln
pearing from sight behind the formation of the Bits man and
tops of the nearest orange. trees, the general public
1 ! I-1
AT ONE WAV i
IN EFFICT DAILY TO J UN I 30tm
comfortable cooches and
TO CHICAGO In Tourist sleeping cars.
Tourist sleeping car charges acldiHonal
FAUI AfrUCASll TO TIAYll Its 8TAR9AC9
tVUKJUit ON FAYMINT Cf USUAL rUUHAtl
CHAtOIS KOORTtOMAIIt,Y HIOMIB
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tars tleadord end TowrW alaapbn ears ead coodea
IWtlaad to Otleage. Uaerat stopovers et smJot palate.
Aak Union facta ewes far details.
General Passenger Dept. C37 Plttoek Ebds