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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 19, 1931)
Tha OREGON STATIC! A!. Ca!ia. On-zx Thtrcliy ?!srr.b, rctrr-ry 10, lnt
fWo Faror Swajs U$; No Fear Shall Atce"
From Firit Statesman, Mrch 28, 1851
THE STATESMAN PUBLISHING CO.
CkAXXES A. SntACTE, SHELDON F. Sackett, Ptibliahcru
Charles A. SrsAcrc Editor-Manager
Sheldon F. Saxkett - - llawginf Editor
Member of the Associated Press
- The Associated Press U er-lnslvlr entitled to-tbe nm for pttlln
t'onv of U aewa dispatches credited to It or not etberwtae credited la
ttola paper.. . - !- j
Pacific Coast Advertising Representatives:
Arthur W. Stypee, Inc Portland, Security 'Bide' ' ,
Cad Francisco. Sharon Bide: Lo Afigelea, W. Pac Bios.
Eastern Advertising Representatives:
Ford-Parsona-Steeher.Iae, New York. Xtl Madlaon Are. ;
.. . CUtcoo. tU K. Mictiia -Axe. . f -
Entered at the Postbffict at Salem, Ore go, as SeeoncLC!
Matter. . Published every morning, except Monday. Bunneee
office, tlS S. Commercial, Street. m '
SUBSCRIPTION RATES: '
Mall Subscript Ijrt Katea la Advance. Within Oregon : Dally and
Sunday, 1 Mo. 50 cents; SiMo. $l.S5 Mo. I2.JS: 1 year I4.S. Else
wbere 60 cents per Mo. for ,1 year In advance.
By City Carrier? $9 cehte a. month: 5.5 a year .la advance. Pet
Copy s centa, On trains and New Stands S cents. , , -
The House Abdicates !
NINE rahs for Gordon Taylor. His display of intelligence
is what you might expect from a newspaper man. Gor
don Taylor along with Ralph Hamilton and J. A. Thorn
burgh had the courage to vote against and speak against
house bill 77 "abolishing': the public service commission.
While the political cowards, the yes-men and the me-too
boys s&ssed, gulpeoTand uttered feeble "ayes", these men
defied sinai and condemned the, bill for what the majority
of -the house members knew it to be a backward step in
utility regulation. ... - '
Taylor is a little fellow from Clackamas county, and he
comes from a small town but he has never been a boot
licker, and his - speech against the one-commissioner bill
showed he had strength of character as well as independ
ence of judgment. He said in part: -n-
like. faith as this body exhibits. No on seems; to feel tree to
talk on the , merits , of this legislation. Personally I have no
faith In oar Moses nor do I have faith that this bill will sare ns.
. "I in tired of hearing about the 'mandate j of the people.
The people hare not spoken on.tnis bin airecuy, oniy oy mei
encfi. Tet you closed the Rogue river when the vote had been on
that specific matter. Where is the mandate- on that? ? " .
"The Irish and the English in me revolts at the -word absrj
lute' used in this MIL Oregon, has Oxen termed a '.pink' state;
I don't think re are menaced by the 'pinks'. Our menace is the
"monarchy. ; i" ; . s ; ,
Of the trinity of power proposals this one-commissioner
bill is theorst The hydro-electric commission bill is
probably the Best, though actually the net gain is very
alight and the, foolish gesture of defiance of the federal
government is ridiculous. But this one-commissioner bill is
an insult to the intelligence of those who voted for Joseph
and Meier, if they were honest in their votes. There is no
abolishment of the public service commission'; it is no
change in the system of utility regulation 1y the state ; and
the amorphic home rule option represents .no gain, but a
definite loss if it should ever be widely used. " '
. There was the opportunity to do -something construct
ive in this measure, but it was thrown away by the yes
men who filled the utilities committee.The Portland Trans
portation club outlined what "had previously .been recom
mended in these columns: retention of a public service com
mission of three, appointing a separate bureau of inquiry
mi ra .(. f lill - - - - ii.iiii auvuvj vn a arw - w
work of investigation and prosecution of cases before the
commission. This would havW been a real step in advance in
protecting the people from exploitation, . j
We do not agree with those legislators who say that
because Meier recommended it, the bin should pass. This is
merely an abdication of intelligence which I is inexcusable.
As Ralph Hamilton said, the bill as passed was- not the
legislation endorsed by the people; and its. principle, was
wrong, even if the -governor did endorse , it. :
Repeal the Market Road Tax
THE house should follow the lead of the senate and pass
the bill repealing the state market road levy, making
ther provisions for caring, for market roads. .
Our reasons for supporting this bill have previously
been elaborated. In fact The Statesman was the first paper
in the state to point out that the time was at hand for cur
tailment " of the burden of highway financing. This repeal
will afford real property tax relief, which will be felt unless
the legislature piles on the burden some place else. '
Here in brief are the justifications for passing this e
peal measure: the state has completed the major portion of
Its primary road system. 2nd, revenues from gas taxes and
inni lfrteo ahctor . Rtp&Av irOTe&ie. thns OTovidinfr more
aUV WV MVV44WVW a w WW w v ' " w - W -
revenue from year to year. 3rd, construction costs are declining-,
so the state gets more for the same amount of
money. n .' '
Naturally the highway commission will squawk over
the cut, but the commission is the servant of the state, not
its master. ;
Praise for Rain
ORE AT days these, with the rain pouring down copious-
VT ly. The rains may. be a bit disagreeable but they are
needed to soak up up the ground and in the form of snow
fill tin the mountain valleys against next summer's drouth.
TVia rlvai mi a era vtf T-rnv TnftrniTio fthrtwpd ht Atatye of
the river at 2-10ths of afoot under the iow .water mark, an
. nnntntalltr Invtttira fnT Hf M trtn : , "Tfe tftmrjl tVlA" dflUffer
there is for next summer unless rains and snows are heavy
thi snrincr. . - . - - . -
Another -gratifying report is that the rains have finally
fallen -over the middle west and south where last summer's
.-A.1- : - 1 J ' IA . .4.1. n!.lA- eeAkl-itW AAT) 1 1 V f 1 aA
siwiir n ttt aa m iirm rrmmrw n i ri a 11 mm . av miii .iwi mm kiiiv laiiiliuucu
bardships on the people and making a real threat against
next summer's crops The country hopes j the cycle of
drouth is now effectually Jbroken. j
: -Entidedo Be W
nRGING the Portland city commission to employ Carey
people, wise or foolish, are entitled to be wrong." -
That savinir deserves engraving, as one of the great
utterances of democracy: gone mad. No one is -entitled to
be wrong, least of all the mass of the people whose error
causes injury, suffering and loss. If the people are entitled
to be wrong, it may be said they get what they are en
titled to -and pay the price, they always pay the price for
By TLB, Cceland, It. D.
"The country will make an ugly face oTer the bonus hilt wfcfeh
congress seems determined to. pass. The man in the street doesn't
favor it; and the able-bodied ex-service man doesn't faror It, but
(eels he doesn't dare opposei it. And of course congress never hesi
tates to vote hundreds of minions out of the treasury to buy re-
icuua wtiu. i ' s. : -
. Of Oli Oregca
Tow Talks frtm She Statee
man On TVthera ISm4 '
- i-february 1U, ItMMi : i
A factory new to" Salem ' and
one which gives much promise is
that located In the second story
of the Chase and ialfe hail ding
f State and Front streets. F. A.
Loomis Is general manager, and
is Inventor of the renovator and
carpet cleaner which It being
Ex-Gov. J. H. Fletcher of Jef
fersoB was ealiitg on his aamer
ous MCnds herei.
' Another electrio railway Is
projected to reach out from Port
land, articles of Incorporation of
the Portland Terminal Railway
company -feelag . f Uad hero yester
day and showing capital stock of
We 1 saees and we aU
eongs. Tet how many of u cover
our mouths when we do this?
Neglect of this little precatWn
Is the mala
cams for most
of the colds
common ' . -1 m
' Do yon know
svery 1.0 09
A JT'i men employed,
I N. j f there are more
I VVlA than - a hnn
I TV red cases of
cry joari 4 bis
vk ULKLI.I iUness, . what-
- ever it is, lasts
anywhere" from one to eight days.
More than half of this number
are disabled because of diseases
in .the breathing organs. .Among
them are included colds, bron
chitis, grippe, influent and
Diseases -of this type are
spread by the spraying ot the se
cretions of the nose and' throat
in coughing, t sneezing, spitting
and talking. People who are tired
and are in run-down condition,
when exposed to such dangers,
quickly contract the Infection; In
their turn, they spread it to oth
ers.' . - . vi
Any person who has a cold
and Is In any way lowered in
health should keep away from
crowds. Children who have colds
should be kept home and not - be
permitted to attend classes. By
insisting on this rule, not only
wlU they get well Quicker.' but
they will not be a source of dan
ger to other children.
Sneezing or coughing in such a
way as to spread infection should
be avoided. Always attempt v to
catch a sneeze in a handkerchief.
If you have a cold do not talk
into people's faces. By no means
go close to a child if you have a
cold. . -
The common habit of embrac
ing and kissing children has led
to many infections that could
have been prevented. This i ap
plies to so serious a disease as
tuberculosis, too. .
In spite of the numerous signs
issued by local : health bureaus,
spitting is still a common rice in
this country, and It is most
dangerous to health.
We are too much concerned
wth the cure of these ailments
rather than with their cause and
possible prevention. ' We recall
the well-known adage, "an ounee
of prevention is . worth a pound
of cure. Yet in this matter rery
few of us apply that wise rule.
Proper, regard to the dangers
from sneexing, coughing, - spit
ting and talking -will do much to
better the public health. The dis
eases I have mentioned today are
preventable. They cannot be pre
vented until the pubUe will ob
serve the simple rules of hygiene.
Answers To Health Queries :
MRS. D. W. Q. Will yon. tell
me why my legs appear to swell
daring the daytime, while at night
they go down? What treatment
would be helpful in this case?
A. This condition mar be
caused by. a possible heart or
kidney disturbance, although it
la also possible that it is due to
over exertion, such as long stand-
In', walkinr. etc Have an exam
ination so that definite advice
and treatment can be outlined, i
MRS. B. J. F. Q- I have a
rash on my arms, shoulders and
back which is slightly Itchy, oc
enrring ia light - pink - patehee.
When I become tanned the. sum
mer, these patches remain light
THE PRIKC2 AA700ING GOSl
and are very noticeable.
would yon adTise?
A. This may be due to a form
of eczema, although. It would be
difficult to make a definite diag
nosis ; without seeing the existing
condition. Why. not see a skin
specialist for examination and ad
A. D. Q. What can I do for a
pain in the 1 area of the right
lungt This has persisted for tour
years and seems relieved when I
am careful of my diet and elim
ination. I have been examined
but the doctor pays little atten
tion to the pain, saying it is prob
ably due to gas. la this likely? -1
am afraid of Inns trouble and am
extremely nervous and high-pitch
ed. Also troubled with constipation.
A. The naln Is verv livelv rin
to gasesjudging from the de
scription or your symptoms. Eat
more laxative ioed, take plenty of
exercise, in the ones and vn
your bowels open. For further
particulars - send a serf-addressed,
stamped envelope and repeat your
question. An x-ray examination
will definitely rule oat the possl-
Dinty ot a lung-condition.
H. N. O. llTnw tn.T e-atr.
2- Do yon think cod llrer oil
win help one to gain ?
A. Eat nlentv ot ron nnnrii.
ing food. Including, milk., eggs,
fresh fruits and vegetables, cer
eals and Plenty of water between
uiea-a. eieep as many noura as
possible. Avoid worry and over
DeliAY IS KEfXrVKKCSQ 1
SILVERTON, Feb. 18 G. W.
DeLay, a member of the senior
high school faculty who has been
confined to the SUverton hospi
tal for the past two weeks, is rap
idly improving. He will be Uken
to his Jiome on Thursdav of thia
week. He win not. however, be
able to return to his work in the
high school for about two weeks.
Mrs. Anne Powell i substituting
for him. -
150,000. T. T. Burkhart, J.
Thornbum Rosa and C. B. Aitch
isoa are the Incorporators.
When registration, books for
the county were closed last night
at S o'clock, the records, showed
3.0ZS names on tli. hivnVa tut
of. whom are registered as re
rail wiOr I
''Murder at EaglesNesr Mg
Walter headed his list, as Cart
Carey had done, with the names
of Peter and Emily Hafdy and
the Baron von Wlese and after
bracketing the three together,
checked them off.
J 'Tlieir stories click, he . re
marked. "Separately and togeth
er : and the butler bears them
out. The ; three of them ; were
pow-wowing from - the time the
last guest left the last but Mrs.
Frost that is and William was
around more or less all the time
serving, high balls- and emptying
ash trays and finally - fixing
them up with sandwiches. -
: "Hardy and the Baron settled
in the library : around eleven
o'clock according to all accounts
and never moved till I got there
near two. Mrs. Hardy was here
and there ' till she Joined . them
about twelve but by piecing to
gether ell the stories we're got
her accounted for; she wasn't
out . of sight more than three or
four minutes at a time all eve
ning. And the Baron's gout was
bona fide; he couldn't have mov
ed it he'd wanted to."
On the 'jrob)
"And the bntlerf
; "He was on the job, according
to Mrs. Hardy. She's ready to
swear that he wasn't out of ear
shot, Of course." he added, ''she
had euite a lot to drink. Jef
Begin with the Frosts; . there
seem to be a red herring loom
ing, across their trail. Yeah," ne
interpolated hastily in response
to Bim'a look, "I know abont
Mary Frost salt ot the earth
and all that, I like her myself.
Bim and I'd a lot rather she
wasn't in this. But it's her own
fault she Is in. n
i -Walter, yon know Mary goes
around with Em'a crowd mostly
on account ot Ted. He won't mix
with the people she really cares
for eultured, quiet people
and she pala with the other kind
to keep him contented. Not, of
coarse, that she Isn't fond of
Em and the others.
"All right. Miss Fix-It The
fact remains that, she does pal
with that gang and now .she's
Into this with the rest Well,
then, she makes a great show of
being willing to ; come through
with all she- knows and. turns
around and gives us a lot of hoo
ey, which, wrhen someone else, is
pretty sure .- to : give the show ,
away, she , confesses. Tht lady
hasn't told all she knows; not
by a lot, . ..
"It she's stood for so much
from - that worthless husband of
hers, why did she get. an hot and
bothered when he made yes- at
the Baroness? What did they
Mary and Ted row about so
bitterly that he rushed away and
left her to get home alone?- Why
Is she so worried all - at once
about what he might do when
he's drunk? That boy had been
drank before and no one ever
heard of her throwing fit
abont It." ,
I "But this. Is different, Wally."
.'Certainly it's different; this
is one of the times ..when the
"atiag that always- may happen
"Then there's Ted who won't
answer questions. Why not? He's
a swaggering idiot but he knows
very well that this Is- no time
for - swank. He wont talk be
cause he's got something to hide
Something to Hide'
"Ted Frost probably has a lot
to hide. But surely ' you dort
think for a minute' i
"That he shot the Baroness?
Of course not. Why would' he?
But he was In a fury with his
wife and he was drunk.'
"And the Baroness in Mary's
shawl looked U- Mary. And it
he thought he saw Mary going
into the .garden going, to meet
someone he's wildly Jealous ot
her. fot that he's eves had the
slightest cause," Bim finished
"We're only supposing; Wal
ter said quickly.. "Don't take, any
of this too much to . heart. Ted
might, he added. "To continue
with out , supposing: not have
been thinking of Mary at all. He
might have thought it was an
other woman goinr to I keep a
date a woman who interested
him more than his wife did."
"But but he hasn't so much
ai glanced at anyone tor - agest
Mary said herself that for - a
whole year: j
'"We're- Just speculating, hon
ey. And so we may as well con-
aider what might ; happen if your
friend Mary suddenly went crazy
with jealousy herself. Yea don't
believe that possible? Remember
what Reynolds said when the
meek go haywire. Supposing she
had reason to believe her -pet
grief had stood her up to keep
a date with another woman and
that , she thought she actually
saw . the other woman- slipping
out to keep the date. And; going
off her head as I said, that she
got sjer hands on a gun?'
Bim laughed at that "You
could say those things about any
one, mr dear. You- co-aid ask
what would happen if anyone la
the- world Vent razy. f But it
wouldn't get yon anywhere."
"Maybe not. Only the motive
is there." " .'; .
"Anyway the Jealousy motive
lets Laura Allan out; She could
n't care enough about anyone to
lose her head. , . - .
i "Couldn't shef Walter asked
somewhat cryptically as he nev
ertneiess wrote Ljmraa name- af
ter Mary's. ,"8he tprea abont
something enough to lie about
going ito the garden according
"You believe. Imogene,! then?
"In this case, yes. Il'rn eort
of odd that Mary thought she
saw Laura Allan with the shawl
on, wasn't It?"
"She saw the Baroness really.
She understands this how.
r "But Miss Allan was in her
mind. Else why didn't- she think
of the Baroness In the first?"
"I don'r quite see"
"Never mind, kid. Thea there
is Bunny Baled -nice,, quiet fel
low. Mildly 'Bohemian but noth
ing rough. Almost a hermit in a
way even If he does entertain his
iaay inenas at two in tne morn
ing, while inquisitive gardeners
prowl about his diggings. Eu
rope once a year Paris, London,
Berlin, Vienna, the Orient. What
is he like' when he's 'In, Europe?
Who does he know? What's his
. (Continued on page 10)
t - . . - V. '
I t- i
I - , '-);
r, ... i. .- V
Baby: isn't gaining his . six' or
eight ounces a week? Constipa
tion may be the reason. It Is be
hind most of a babyV troubles.
Colic. Fretfulness.- Gas. It keeps
Baby from accepting or retaining
the proper amount of nourish
ment. :.- .
Dr. Caldwell's Syrup Pepsin is
good for . any baby. It is pre
scription for the bowels i written
by a famous, doctor onewho at
tended over 55,00 births withont
loss of one mother or baby a
record believed unique In Ameri
can medical history.
Half a teaspoonful of this sim
ple prescription often relieves oc
casional troubles like that in a
few hours, if Baby is bottle-fed
or for any other reason is regu
larly constipated, give half a tea
spoonful daUy until the little fel
low Is happy; gaining t as he
The pleasant, syrupy flavor ot
Dr. Caldwell's Syrup Pepsin com
mends It to-children. Its gentle
action makes it ideal for women.
It doesn't sicken. It cannot gripe.
So it is a blessing to elderly peo
ple... And it is thoroughly effec
tive for the most robust man. All
drugstores have the big bottles.
, eilota's tint stores
fContinnad and concluded from
yesterday:) "But this -pastoral
and contented state ot affairs
waa suddenly t r a n s f o r mod.
Strange rumors came from Cali
fornia, that gold aaa seen
covered In that country, u couia
be washed ont from the gravel
la the rtrer bars, and that great
fortunes could be made in a short
"The peaceful condition of af
fairs was dispelled as u by mag
ic! - Avariciousness developed it
self with astonishing, rapidity,
and all desired to visit this El
dorado and - dig , out fortunes.
Those who could.: and had the
ready means, ' made immediate
preparation 'to go. braving the
storms of mountains, the danger
of rapid and deep rivers, swollen
by winter rains and snows, for it
was late In the fall when many
started. Those who from lack of
means -were nnable to supply
themselves - entered into contract
to divide equally the sains if they
, were outfitted, and as- a rule
they honestly, divided the pro
ceeds. ' .. .
i "Excitement reigned unbrid
led ; Indian " ponies, provisions,
picks, shovels, - etc., , commanded
extraordinary prices; contracts
were annulled, land claims aban
doned,' and in fact the whole com
munity was utterly demoralized.
Within two. months three-fourths
of the men of the "territory were
on theirv way to California,
threading, the almost : unknown
trails and forcing themselves
over rivers and against hostUe
Indians. Soon , the yellow ore 'of
the Feather, Yuba and American
rivers was in circulation in our
midst, and in I860 it was very
plentiful, was paid out with : a
lavish hand, and - so continued
for several years, as if the sup
ply were inexhaustible. Labor
rose from $1 a day in 1848 for
common laborers and $1.50 tor
carpenters to $4 to IS and more.
"The , agricultural interests.
for two or three years were al
most utterly abandoned. Trading.
speculation, wild cat enterpris
es, were the rule. Fortunes were
made or lost with astonishlnc
rapidity. California in the mean
time had received thousands of
cosmopolitan inhabitants from
all parts of the world, nearly ev
ery nation on earth being repre
sented. Crimes, of every descrip
tion were perpetrated . .... The
discovery of gold brought a dif
ferent class of people from those
of the forties. ... The new class
immediately, commenced to con
struct steamboats fori' inmnd
transportation, establish ins
steamship i lines from New York
to Astoria tor the increase ot
mail facilities, carrying of pas
sengers and freight; establishing
intercourse and trade with the
natives of the -opposite side ef
-By n. J. iiend::jc::s
the Pacific ocean, and the popu
lation rapiaiy increased;
"I will now revert to a subject
that should have been meaUon
ed before. When I came to Ore
gon there were no mail facilities
whatever. We received newspa
pers only by the missionary
ships, once yean and letters
from friends by emigrants across
the plains, - and the war ' with
Mexico had been closed six
months before we heard of it. It
generally required two years to
write and receive a letter, and
then we paid 50 cents to have the
letter carried to the first postof
f ice in Missouri by persons re
turning to the states.
"When the Pacific Mail Steam
ship company established their
lines and crossed the isthmus, we
balled it as one of the remark
able achievements of the day.
We were then able to hear from,
our friends once every three
"The next great step was the
overland mall and telegraph, and
finally the completion of the con
tinental railroad, the acme, as we
thought, ot human progress
and now it there should be a de
lay of a few days on account of
a severe blockade, what a howl
is set upl -
. "The first U. S. mail that was
ever received in Salem was three
on a keel boat, and the day it left
that . place a gentleman . 1 came
through on t horseback and told
the good news; consequently we
were all excitement when it ar
rived." i i
(J. Henry Brown wrote in his
autobiography about an equal
amount of matter concerning the
Indian wars of the Oregon coun
try from the time of his arrival
Dan J. Fry, 8r.. whose body
was on Tuesday followed to its
last resting place by a large con
course of sorrowing relatives and
friends, was among the less than
halt a dozen men still In active
business life in Salem who are
able to date their commercial be
ginnings here back to the early
eighties..' : i '
a S a
Thus do the slow moving years
make swift ohanges, counting
time by decades ot scores of 12
month periods, tor the toll of the
grim reaper its relentless and the
vicissitudes ot fortune are many.
With the ancient philosopher.
Mr. Fry might hare appropriate
ly mused that had he been put
back at the hee-lnnfn with -m.
choice -of making the course of
his pilgrimage different, even re
membering all the struggles and
hardships, he would- have chosen
the lot the fickle fortunes gave
(Continued on page 10) "
SPEND A DAT SAFEGUARDING THE WORK pF; A LIFETIME
Oa.W. B. Calowcu.s "
A Doctor ramify Laxative
JkW ' X?
AN ADDITIONAL BURDEN
CVOUR friend or relaUva. for
J-L whoso ability And judgment
you have the highest regard, may.
bo well qualified to handle your es
tate wisely and to the advantage
cf your heirs. But has he the time
or faculties t After all, he is busy
with his own affairs and naturally
they are of primary importance to
him. The matters of ' youc estate
.very probably would con-.
jititute an additional bur
den. - '
Contrast such an indi
vidual with the Trust
Department of this bank,
whose business is " con- -
V7 H ir I.
fined solely to the handling of such
matters. Necessarily this depart
ment can offer far greater service,
and la addition, guarantee effb
ciency through adequate facilities
and a specially trained personnel
If you are interested our trust of
fleer win be glad to assist you in
completing these important' ar
rangements. Come in at your earl
The Trust Department of this
bank operates under authority
from the federal Reserve
System and under the super
' vision . of both the United
States Government and the '
State of Oregon,
IILIU'8 OOUUTJNIII OTTNKD DAlf XC