i PAGE FOUR The OREGON STATESMAN, Salem, Oregon, Friday MonOng, Febrtutrr Kg "1 U3 I 4 : i - I i -,- - I f 1 i I -4 " t I'. vx i : n J 1 v.. Li "No Favor Sways Us; From First Statesman, THE STATESMAN Charles A. SrsAcur, Sheldon P. Sacxxtt, Publitker Charles A. Spracve Sheldon F. Sackett Member of the Th Associate! Press is fcrislvly Woa of all mw dispatches credited thia paper. Pacific Coast Advertising Arthur W. 8type. Inc.. Ban Francisco. Sharon Bids. : Losi Angxlea, w. I'ac. Bids. Eastern Advertising Representatives: Ford-Farsons-Steeher.JiK, New Yirk. 27 1 Madison Ave.; Chicago. 360 N. Michigaa Are. Entered at the Postoffice at Hatter. Published every morning execpt Monday. Business, office, tl5 S.. Commercial Street, j I SUBSCRIPTION RATES: Mall Subscription Rirtes. la Advance.! WiUiln Oregon: Daily and Sunday. 1 Ma SO cents: 3 llo. $1.25 Mo. $2.25: 1 year $4.00. Else-j whera to cents per Mo. or $13.00 lor 1 yiear in advance. j By City Carrier: 50 cents; a month; IJ.50 a year iir advance. Tert Copy 1 cents. Ou trains and : News Stands 6 cents. The Hydro-Electric Commission Bill THE second of. the canonical power bills is senate bill 62, introduced by Sam BWn of this county as drafted by CoL A. E. Clark at the request of Gov. Meier. In its vital provisions it conforms closely to existing state and federal jower Laws, thus verifying the position taken by The States man in the late campaign that the public interest was well conserved under existing. legislation with no need lor pout ieal hysteria over imagined dantrers. I This bill, however, as lenges the authority of the federal power act, wnicn seems to make the bill a futile gesture. The law of congress is the supreme law of the land; and no Oregon enactment is going to take precedence. The net result will be to paralyze future development for a considerable term of years until either congress or the state recedes from its claim to authority. When Secretary Wilbur suggested handing control of water back to the states there arose a great cry that the utilities would gobble quick control But this new bill, without wait ing'for congress to act, asserts powers which it is doubtful the state posessesj Comparing the old law with the Clark bill, it is found that the length of tenure, 50 years, is the same ; the re quirements for investigating and starting construction prac tically the same a maximum of seven years. Both the present law and the new bill carry right of recapture to the state or a municipality, the former at the end of the license period, and the latter at any time.; Both permit condemna tion at any time. ' The terms of recapture are quite similar: fair value plus severance damages,- but. the new bill would add the words "not exceeding net investment" after "fair value." The annual fees to licensees are greatly increased. This is an advantage to state revenues but a loss to consumers of electricity who will have to pay the increase. The essential difference of the new bill is that it calls for strict accounting as to: investment, provides for amorti zation of the investment, and controls security issues against the project. These gains are more apparent than real. The federal power commission already has very strict rules re garding accounting, amortization and restriction of invest ment credits. The bill as drawn by Clark calls for amortiza tion of the investment out of surplus earnings "in excess of a reasonable rate of return." But how under our system of strict regulation of earnings will there be any consider able surplus of earnings? The federal power act makes requirements for determ ining the net earnings of a plant even if it is part of a large system; the Clark bill does not. How then can the state find out what the earnings would be of particular plants in a system like Pepco or California-Oregon Power company? f, The apparent ctTntfoi of securities issuance impresses us as largely persiflage- in iew of. the confession of Col. Clark in the hearing on the Lawrence bill of the difficulty of 'exercising genuine control over companies not domiciled in Oregon, whose capital secured from security sales may be scattered over many states. The same objections would apply to control of financing, of individual plants, and the result would be that the commission would have to give vir tually pref unctory approval of whatever securities the cor poration issued. The Clark. bill considered in and of itself represents some gain over the present law, though slight, because the people's interest was already well safeguarded. Considered with the federal power act it is a useless challenge of authority which threatens to make the Oregon act abortive. In our judgment the good attempted by the Clark bill could be better secured byjtwo moves: First, amend the present law to give state or munici pality recapture privilege "at any time" at fair value "not exceeding net investment" plus severance damages. Second, recognize the Recounting and amortization sys tems covering investment and earnings of the federal power commission, and legalize them for purposes of rate-making and recapture. This latter provision would avoid the conflict, make for great economy both to the state and to the utility, and per mit rather than paralyze development. Meantime Oregon inj company with other states could ask the federal govern-1 ment to give the states with' proper control laws jurisdic tion over their own water power. ; High Cost of Dying. NO, this is not a comment on the cost of a first-class burial in these times. It is a reference to the burden which the recent outburst of self -caused funerals has thrown upon insurance companies..! In the annual report of one of the great insurance comnanies we note thi mmmmt rovl ering its 1930 business: 1 1 j ! "When we turn to the. record ot the mortality experience, now- . ever, we find a material reflection ot 'bad -times in a verjr high rate of claim for both suicides and casualties. The claims from. uese iwo items aione amounted to no less than V 3.219,009, or 20 l ot the total claims paid a .most unusual amount even If a sonre- what natural consequence ot the financial conditions of the year' Financial depression has its reaction on the minds lof ?men and those who buckle under the-strain bump them selves off. This was particularly true among the. speculators on a large scale who usually carry heavy life insurance pol icies. When they saw their pyramid of profits transformed to a mountain of liabilities they Kdthe fade-out themselves via the suicide route leaving the insurance companies to pay heavy death losses. ; It is of course a sad. commentary on the morals of those who legally rob from-the insurance companies. It carries its own moral as to the tragedy of failure under the tense com- xnercialism of modern life, i i Representative Mott and Anderson are proposing a constitu tional amendment to guarantee everyone a Job. IJke -Ifott's bill to abolish state property taxes. It stops too quick. .The amendment should provide that no one would- have to work.' It we are to lexis late heaven to earth, let's do it all at oiree. , , , j " j Ralph Hamilton complains because people and rrasixaUons end in two seta of resolutions ths legislature, one calling to tax redactions and the other for more gevernment xece. Te. the poor legislature gets the cusstag tor failartt I sosra'thls laulab!e proDiem in numeuc. - ; - : . The 8eattle Jory eoncloded Rath Oarrtss tri t f to he at large. A murdereas and ' hushaa4-ehhr Tm . yrfHNaMy la Mfc o he at Urge after it years la the pealtwattary. Her &nee ot hsiss'a tt uuw pr.iy weii rrmpea.r Fear SuiW Awre" March 38, 1851 PUBLISHING CO. - Editor-Manager Managing Editor Associated Press j titled t th ub for pubYIra- to or not ouaerwu credited 13 Representatives : Portland. Security Bids. Salem. Ore a on. a Second-Clot friends and foes agree, chaM N6 HEALTH Today's Talk 1 iBylLS. Copelantl, It D. . Diphtheria la a highly contag ious disease, most prevalent among children. It la a prevent- - able disease. It la a shame : to have It in cluded among the dangers ot childhood. There has bee a great reduction lb the number of deaths caused by diphtheria. It Is the hope rand aim of all public health officials to er adicate this dangerous all This can be ac DQCDPCLAJS ment entirely. complished only when there Is complete cooperation ot the pub lic.: j This disease is raiiKfvrl ftv'th dlDhtberia eerm which finds its way to the Hose or throat. Thera it multiplies in number. Its pres ence is stiown by a greyish mem brane which I mar interfere with breathing. ; j -'; . f. r Kistting Transfers Germs The germs produce a toxin, a powerful poison. This Is quickly absorbed Into the blood stream, causing general nolsonlnr of the system. ' - j The germs of dlnhtherla tnav be transferred from one person to anotlrer by kissing. They may De carried in the spray produ ced by coughing, sneezing and talking. Drinking cups or other utensils used by an Infected per son serve as a common means of! transmission. The possibility of contamina tion by the germs of this disease is particularly great in crowded and congested communities. Moreover there are persons who' carry these germs without know ing they have them. Sueh per sons are spoken of as "carriers. How ean we combat this dls-j ease? Fortunatelv. we hv at our disposal the. knowledge of diphtheria "anti-toxin." This Is widely used. In the treatment and cure, . Diphtheria ! may be prevented by the use of the "toxin-anti-tox-In" Injections. When this treat ment is given, it enables chil dren to go through life without contracting the disease, even though exposed to it. Test for roeaible Victims By means of the "Schick test" we can determine whether a per son, if exposed to diphtheria, will contract the disease. The proce dure is simple and may be ap plied by any physician or by the local health bureau. I If all our people would coop erate by having their, children in oculated against diphtheria, this disease would, soon disappear. We rarely hear of cases of smallpox. It Is, indeed, a rarity. Nowadays most students go through medical school without everseeiffS a case of smallpox. At one time this was an exceedingly common disease and caused many deaths. Since the rigid insistence upon vaccination against small pox, this disease has become ex tremely rare. Diphtheria is another disease which will disappear when we all help. Yesterdays ... Of Old Oregon Town Talks from The States man Oar Fathers Read February , 190 Chico, Calif. An attempt was made here today to arrest Fred Collins, said to have escaped from, the Oregon penitentiary. Collins was on horseback when the demand tor surrender was made, and lashed his horse to a gallop. Officers, following in a buggy, were unable to capture hfm. Collins and Edmund Louis Ignot escaped from .the prison road gang on June- , 1$05. Lou isignot was captured at the Lew is apd Clark fair after a desper ate struggle. The Young Men's republican club is gettinr readv for Lha Lin coln banquet, which promises to oe one 01 the biggest events here in; years. Silverton is preparing for the Farmers and Shippers con gress, to be held there the mid dle of the month for two days. John L. Rand of Baker City filed i. petition for congressman from the second district. The Safety Valve - - t Letters from Statesman Readers l Wuou-ien of the World, head camp protest committee, will hold a convention in the Port land council chamber. tiaii. n. February J atS a. m. Important business nertalninsr to uuttnu and so-called legal reserve mem- wera win do taxen up. The committea baa iiwMui A call, this convention In order that we all might get together and agree on some concrete plan that would 1 be beneficial in 'S. am members who have been forced out: ana to the so-called legal re serve members who have been In veigled Into taking out these new policies that give them the right to raise the rates practically when ever they feel like it- Now that rfe hMd anin ) no dded to include women and child ren, too on assessment members' should renala In the fight to pre vent the head camp officers from SAteatatJcany robbing them ot everything- they put Into the orgaa Uattoa. That ls what they did to so ntlet them do it to jur children. r ! : DANKELLAHER, f ! -Chairman ot protest committee. ; 1 A . h . '" - ' : Ij ; -VvtA-.::: - r "Murder at The murder ot Baroness von Wlese at Eagle'a Nest stirred the town of Kiugeliffe. Walter Vance; assistant .chief of poUce is in charge of the Investigation aided by his fiancee. BIm" Martin, young newspaper reporter. A note, written br the Baroness, Is found near the body. Bim re calls seeing the Baroness slip the butler a piece of paper, which he denies. Suspicion la cast on Mary Frost, whose husband, Ted had flirted with the Baroness. Mary's ahawl is found wrapped around the body.' Mary claims she was unable to locate the shawl and left with Ted. It develops she re turned, late for the shawl. Com plications arise when it Is learned that Laura Allan had borrowed the shawL Emily Hardy's maid heard the Baroness quarrel with her maid. Bim wonders about the wounds on the head and arm of the Baroness' maid. The jewels of the Baroness have been stolen. Laura slys she saw Mary enter ing the garden wearing her shawL Bim finds a stone front a man's ring on the Summer house path. Bim learnt from the gardener that Bunny Baird was entertain ing a -lady in his bungalow. CHAPTER XV After Bob Trent had helped his wife out of their creaking old car, he climbed back under the wheel and drove the Tattle-trap piece ot mechanism, sputtering and com plaining, around to the west and parked it behind a tulip tree as it wishing to conceal its decrepi tude. Yet he needn't have bothered, Bim considered as she hurried ov er to Millicent, since everybody knew that the car was on a par with everything else about the Trent menage a household bur dened by the calamity of Illness, getting by on hope and makeshift. I Millicent looked unusually dowdy in a three-year-old sports dress, whose white had yellowed with two much laundering, and a painfully mended sweater.- Yet there was a certain gallantry about her. The fierce, unbending pride Of one who takes the blows of fate standing, banners unfurled, i Bim felt a thrill of admiration for the woman, born butterfly and turned grub for the sake of the man she loved, she pressed a kiss upon a cheek still smooth and childlike,' in spite of hardship, and saw that Millicent had been cry ing. ! "Bim," wailed Millicent, cling ing to tho girl, 'lt it just can't be! I've been telling: myself and telling myself that it's nothing but a bad dream, a terrible night mare. There must be a mistake, isn't there f Oh. I'm sure it's all i mistake "You know, then, deart'p ""Mary Frost stopped by. Bob doesn't know yet." She seat a frightened look toward tho gaunt man who was trying clumsily to back the old car Into lace. ''I'm afraid I'm so desperately afraid "But why, darling T There'll be just a tew questions about last night and then yon can go. I'll tell Waltef to make it easy as he can." "But don't you see, Bim ? The way Bob la any little excitement roh i She choked back a sob sad managed a shaky smUe for her husband. Bim gave the sturdy little shoulder a pat and went with them into tho house; - There was nothing to be done. Millicent had told the -truth; what Bob soon would learn easily might send him in another ot the periods of semt-deliriam-when the Trent finances, already strained to the breaking point,, would bo forced to stretch COO LIQUID or TABLETS ' Core Colds, Headaches, Feret -6 SALVE v.- CURES BABrstXOLD MISTAKEN IDENTITIES " 1 11 i i i i - , , J. ,1 l .T. 3 Eagle's Nest" still farther to provide for night and day nurses and dally medical attention. j Before the sessfdn in the I li brary Bim managed to whisper something of this to Walter, and ho shook his head regretfully. Walter, had hnown Bob Trent as long as he could remember. Back in the World war days the older man had been Van object jot hero-worship to the boy, who saw him march debonairly down Main street, while bands played and flags lifted on the breeze, and people cheered the little company of soldiers KingcUffe sent away to France. j Many who marched that day never returned. It peraps, would have been better for Bob Trent and for the girl he married just before he sailed, Walter was thinking, if. Bob had been among those who now slept the eternal sleep in a far away land. He was very gentle as ho spoke to the sick man; very gentle with the fluttering, woebegone little woman who. watched him with wide, scared eyes. 1 "There's been a bit ot a mix-tip old .fellow, and we're trying to straighten it out- Nothing that concerns you or Millicent. Sorry to bo a bother, but there's no help for it." , Trent's face broke into a drawn smile but his eyes; were glassy. "Trying to let me down easy, are you, WallyT Don't then; I know when the police are around some thing's broke loose. What Is it robbery, divorce, assault, may hem? Drive on, Wally; I can stand It." But moments passed before Walter drove bn, casting about as he was tor- the least startling way of Imparting the news. His own face looked rather drawn and his eyes full of pity as he survey ed his old friend. I "Someone was hurt last night. Bob; the Baronees It was. We're running down the the trouble!. you see." I "You mean she was kllle don't you? Murdered?" 'Easy, old man. Such things happen." I ', .rm' EF We all catch colds and they can make U3 miserable; but yours needn't last long if you will do this: Take two or three tablets of Bayer: Aspirin just as soon as possible after a cold starts.' Stay in the house if you can -keep warm, i Repeat jwiih another tablet br two of Bayer Aspirin every three or four hours, if those symptoms of cold persist. Take a good laxative when you retire, and keep bowels open. If throat is sore, dissolve three tablets in a quarter-glassful of water and gargle. This soothes inflammation and reduces infection. There is nothing like Bayer Aspirin for a cold, or sore throat. And it relieves aches and pains almost instantly, . The genuine tablets, marked Bayer,: are absolutely harmless to the heart . . .ffls ipnioiflRi , aapata br faelsaoa asar at aysr Ifiasfansis a If Uai llnlsf at tafkytiwrl ' tr-- x t- I 3T.- E r "Yes." Trent smiled again In a ghastly way but there was no change in the half-mad glitter ot his eyes. The others sent out a breath of relief" when they realiz ed he was taking It so easily. tYes, such things happen," ho eat on. "A disagreeable wo man, tho Baroness. ' Impossible TJpstart. She Insulted my 'wife.1 I MilUcent's protest caught on a sob.; "Bob! Bob, darling! Why, ft was nothing nothing!" she cried frantically. "You just did n't understand. A woman like her rich and beautiful what would sh see la me?" ! "You, Millicent?", He turned a wondering gaze upon the stricken, loyal little face and a strange aweetbess swept his expression. "He thinks," Millicent explain ed half proudly, half pleadingly, ''That everybody should feel about mo just as ho does. You understand, don't you?" she beg ged of Walter, of Reynolds, of Em. , "Yon do understand ?" j "Of course we do, Walter said, ijusklly. , Em wiped away a tear and oven Reynolds was moved. It's all right," Walter continued. smiling at Bob. "Don't think any more about It. If you'll just tell a thing or two what time you left here and what you did after ward; We have to go into all that.' , ; j Miiueent answered the ques tion. "It must have been a little after eleven, Walter. Mary and Ted had gone and Laura Allan was just going; I think she was waiting, for Bunny Baird. Wo heard their car coming behind when we turned into Lowland Drive." "You went right home, did FPU?" v , ' There was a slight pause dur ing which Millicent glanced at her husband who did not appear to bo listening. "Wo drove through the village first." she said then. Bob had a headache and t thought a; little air might do him good. We weren't out long It didn't seem a great while and then we came back up Pine Hill and went home." t- "See anyone in the village?" ItmtT'O DOT A TS T7 A HT ID! i o ror Dii--ikro i L By R.1 J. 'Two areat bishops: . . U -m au "' fConUnnlnr' from yesterday:) In a tender, gentle tone, and in a somewhat pathetlo manner, the bishop said. 'Do you think your mother knows what kind ot life you are leading? Tho young prodigal here quite broke flows, burst into tears, and said, ;I would not have her know it for the world: it would break her heart'. . 1 "Tho bishop foUowed this up with other klndl- words. Reach ing Dog river,, on, the Oregon side, at dusk, the young man crossed over the river to what is now Washington state, and the bishop saw him no more. We stayed in tho Indian's tepee for the night. Wo went to bed our bed on the sand supperless. The dried salmon which the In dlan offered us, after he had toasted it upon a stick, smelled too rank, and we could not eat It. "This occurred in March 1854 (It was April 3. 1854.) In Octo ber, 1864, I was going down to The Dalles from Umatilla, on a large river steamer on tho Co lumbia. There were many pas sengers returning from the Sal mon river, mines. One of them In a'uired mr name. and. after ; 1 gave it to him, he recalled the canoe ride from the. Cascades to Dog river, and he asked me if I remembered It. He said he was one of those two passengers that the other one, whom he had then called 'Sandy,' had been for several years in the state prison; and then, in answer to my inquir ies, he said that that day had been a day. of destiny for him; the questions of the bishop had led to his reformation. j "He tad ceased his drink hab it, and left off swearing, and had begun a life of prayer. God bad converted him; He was a happy man. He had a wife and three children, a half section of land. and money in the bank, and he was on his way to heaven, and "No o; ; no, we didn't see aay one I can remember." "You retired at once?" , Again the pause and Bim thought a sharp anxiety struck tnrougn the look Millicent flicked in the direction of Bob. But she answered in a firm, rather loud tone that they had retired imme diately. "Bob needs his sleep. you see. we don't keep late hours. "It would have taken you about thirty minutes to drive through the vilage and back; that ' must have made It near midnight that you were on Lowland Drive pass ing Eagle's Nest. Did you hear anytning or see anything about the grounds?" - un, no. nut of course .we dldnt look. Still, if there'd' been anything unusual" Walter let them go then. He walked out to tho car with Bob Trent, talking earnestly, and Bim assumed he was trying to soften whatever shock had been dealt the sick man. And Millicent cried a littie m inm's arms and said she meant to be brave. "It's only that X love him so and I can't see him hurt. He depends on me like a child. Why. I'd die if any thing- happened to him!" "Hush, dear; nothing -will. Trust Walter for that. And, Mil licent, if you need me day or night 111 come any time. Re member that, won't you?" Millicent was a little comfort ed, but It was evident that a deadly, tear had taken possession of her. When the dilapidated old car had rattled away Em explained that Bunny Baird had no tele phone; acordingly Reynolds and Walter and Bim set out for a visit to the artist's bungalow. ; , (To be continued) 1 i ''-'! " " ' r The officials in a such as the United HENDRICKS - his wife. also, and ho owed it all to that wise counsel and the kind ly treatment of that good man, tho bishop; and he desired me, whenever . I should have tho op portunity, to tell tho bishop that his faithful seed sowing of more than 19 years before bad brought its hanrest in due time. k "In! June, 1868, on the sum mit of the Rockies. I told tho bishop the story of his success in that wayBido ieed sowing which he did on the Indian's canoe 14 years before. It was a notable ful fillment of the promise, 'He that goeth forth and weepeth, bearing precious seed, shall doubtless come again with rejoicing, bring ing his sheaves with him.' I W - W .,, . "After j our first day's canoe sailing; and our night at Dog riv er, Wei embarked tho next day In the same canoe for The Dalles. The wind was blowing a stiff gale up the river. The river being in freshet, the wind caused high waves! to roll across tho river; but wo were : plowing through them 10 knots an hour. The bi shop became nervous, and we went ashore. There was no shel ter, and tho March (April) wind was bleak and cold, j I V "We relaunched our craft, and reached The Dalles in an hour's sailing., After transacting our1 business at The Dalles military post, we secured Indian ponies. and rode up the river four or five miles to see the Grand coulee, where the river had once flowed. and to see tho Grand Dalles; or narrow passage of waters. ' We had to ascend a canon to find safe crossing of a small but swollen, unfordable stream. We crossed bn a log and descended the canon; we saw the wonderful passage of the great Columbia, which 1 carries nearly as much t water as the Mississippi. Return- f ing up the canon for our log- bridge! crossing, we encountered a large, gray wolf, who for a time refused to give us the right! of way.. By dint ot bold rldlnr and loud hallooing and swinging our larlatsi wo started his wolf ship, and .proceeded bn our way. "Enlerglng later from the can on into the open, we encountered a large cavalcade of Indians, some ! 200, all mounted and armedj There was a general un rest among all the Indian tribes of Oregon. Several murders by the Indians had occurred, and an Indian war broke out a few months after this. The proces sion halted. We were In deadly peril. I j' i The bishop said. 'Are we not In great danger?' I told him that if the Indians should find us, or believe us to be, Indian agents or traders, or United States mili tary, our scalps would be taken within i half an hour; but that if could convince them that we were Methodist preachers. I be lieved we would not be harmed.) We' boldly rode up to the head of the column. I addressed one of th chiefs In tho Chinook jar gon, 'Clalhalam six, i which is 'How are you, chief? J ! li 'He answered me la English. I do not talk Jargon.' 'Where did you learn to talk English?' 'In Ithaca. N. T.' 'How did you go there?! 'With Commissioner Par ker?' (Rev. Samuel Parker, who came la 1835 and picked out the American j Board mission sta tions at WallLatpu and Lapwai. ot Dr. Whitman and Rev. Spald- ng,. respectively.) I introduced Bishop Simpson to him. and. through him, to the Indians pres ent, as! a great ministerial 'Tyee' or chief; and Bishop Simpson in troduced mo as a great Oregon chief. Or minister of the gospel. (Continued on page S) ' The NATIONAL Bank offers advantage ! National bank States National are called upon to assume a great er degree of accountability than In any other corporation. In addition, our executives enjoy the respect and confidence of this community and bring to the direc tion of this institution a wide and diversified experience thereby as suring to customers a guarantee of sound, conservative inanagementi United States Uationol Bona 5ali. Oregon A. ! l ; j v.