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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 9, 1930)
The OREGON STATESMAN, Salem, Oregon, Sunday Morning, November 9, 1930
The Vallev A&
ITYa MJJe)a!na Catlln," Valley News editor
of The Oregon Statesman, l also In charge
'of the market news of this paper. Each
Sunday she vrttea eoncarninf ILe agrleeltaral
dw interest te valLyj Urmtra. Coatribs
tioas ef aicrit are taTlted,
Markets Crops Farm Home --
The Diversified Interests of
Willamette Valley . Farmers
HER JERSEYS WIN
1 Smith-Hughes Department
V At Silverton Will Again
SILVERTON, Not. 8 The
Smith-Hashes agricultural de
partment of the Silverton high
school is again this year spon
soring a discussion group for
adults tor a study of the prob
lems of the local poulfrymen.
The classes open Monday night,
November 10, at the agricultural
class room behind the high
school building and are open to
everyone who Is interested in
noultrv raising. There will be
- at least ten meetings on Monday
and Wednesday evenings during
November and December, start
ing at S o'clock.
Sometime during the course
the members who desire will
make a trip to look over the
poultry plant at O. S. C. and to
visit the poultry ranch of J. A.
Hanson near Corvallls. Mr. Han
son has flock averages of "200
; gs per hen for 11 years" and
I "220 eggs Per hen for 8 years,
while he holds the official world's
record 10-Hen pen for 120.
4 Warren E. craotree, locai
Smith-Hughes Instructor, and
who will lead the classes in dis-
usslon.has put out some charm
. inn; . . .1 Y. .k. I ..hLiArnlnl
t rJi? v ; I U,Tv .
i..t '-a Tfir. v w ur ii
v,y ' s :. .
Dorothy Morrow of Itirkreall with one of the Jerseys sbe showed at
the- Orrg-osi State fair. )
Sessions of State Society,
Will be Held at Eugene
Chamber of Com.
'Orderly Marketing" and
Stabilizing" Save,: the Wheat
Raising Industry for Farmers?
A recent issue of "The Na
tion" contained a discussion of
toe operation of the Canadian
wheat pool which has attracted
much attention in the United
States. The article which Is en
tiUed -Wheat Prices and Wheat
.roots" is as follows:
them will appear on the program ,.'.7" UA -lU8Fir,
itnrlnr th. tho rf.. m.- r." '."vv " """S crisis OI
eomnl-tr nrnIm "fnrt bought on by the severe
The anneal meeting of the
Oregon Horticultural society
which will be held in Eucana on
November 12, 13 and 14 will be
4-H Club Work Gave
Three Young Morrows a
Start in Jersey Breeding
By MRS. WARREN BURCII
HICKBEALL, Nov. 8 Dor-
Ins; little ftrculart' concerning 0thy Morrow, 'Whose father .aad
this night' poultry tenooi. ins mother. Mr. and Mrs. W. O. Mor-
closlng paragraph In the circular row, own a 140 acre farm one
is: and one-half miles from Rickre-
I "This is a day and age or all, and are also members of the
adult education we hope you p0ik County Jersey club, has
may be able to attend every ses- been grooming and training Jer
alon and help yourself as well as Be, stock for exhibit at tat mil
others of our community to be county fairs for several years, i
She together with her sister.!
May (now Mrs. John Robisonl!
and her brotner, Henry, a senior
in the Rickreall high school, re
ceived their first experience along
this line from their work in the
4H Jersey Calf clubs. The two
I girls being state prize winners
and attending the O. A. C. sum-,
mer school at different times.
more successful and prosperous
fn poultry production."
The Morrows exhibited seven
head of Jerseys at the Oregon
state i fair this year j and carried
away three ribbons & worth
while winning with? competition
as strong as it was this year.
Several times Mr. Morrow has
about decided to go out of the
cattle business but never has the
heart to sell quite ill his stock
At present he has ? 32 head of
fine pedigreed Jerseys, a plea
sure to behold and a treasure to
Mr. Morrow's farming activi
ties are not all alonr the line of
dairying as he has a very prom
ising young walnut 'orchard, not
yet in Dearing. ancrjaiso a small
orchard of filberts 1 which have
been bearing for several years
tVl. 4 -i V. w .t-l .1
President Of National Uairy handled by private enterprise.
such as ours, then I must likewise
say to you with equal frankness
that the cooperative distributive
farmers' organization has no per
manent place in the economic
structure of this country.
"Cooperative dairy associations
have their field of efficiency in
Products Assn. Praises
Collective Bargaining t
DES MOINES, ta.. Nov. 8 Col
lective bargaining in the sale of
raw materials Is not only ecoirom-
Ically sound but is welcomed by bargaining activities of produc-
fair-minded private business, said erg. and private enterprise has
Thomas H. Mclnnerney, of New iu fleid oI efficiency in manufac-
Yerk. president of the National tuT9 and distribution. This. I
Dairy Products corporation, ad- m Inclined to believe, will ulti-
dresslng the convention of Na- mately prove to be the fact. Re-
tional Cooperative Milk Produc- gardless of any difference of
ers' Federation here today. uniopnlon We may hire, the final
the other hand, he said attempts I outcome of the situation will be
- iy cooperative dairy associations i determined through the inexor
:o engage in the manufacture and I abJe iaw8 or competition."
the retail distribution of dairy Mr Mclnnerney Bald that the
eroduets usually- resulted in fi- National Dairy Products eorpor-
lanciai unasirr i anon was eager to cooperate in
and Impaired service to the pub- developing the output of the dairy
tic. farmers of the United States.
Mr. Mclnnerney, who Is the ac- which "would not only Increase
live head of one jot the largest the wealth of the country enorm
dalry products distributing organ- ously but would tend to relieve
Izations in the world, a company and solve agricultural depression
which pays each week to the and rural problems which, so vi
tamers of America more than tally threaten the well-being of
$S. 000,000 In cash for their milk, our people." He quoted authori
was invited to address the Na- ties to the effect that the present
tional Federation on "'The Rela- consumptive demand for milk
tionship of the National Dairy and dairy products would permit
Products corporation to Dairy of an increase of SO per cent over
Cooperatives." That relation, he the present volume,
said, could and should be one of . "The bringing together of
frank cordiality with three ob- many units In the National Dairy
jectlves in view "to Increase the Products corporation." he said,
profit to the farmer for his milk "including not only plants for the
to the degree that Is consistent distribution of milk, but manu
with the public interest, to extend facturing plants of cheese, but
consumptive demand for dairy ter, ice cream, condensed and
products and, always to serve the evaporated milk, milk powders
public at such a price as will and casein was done to develop a
command the largest consumptive more economical distribution and
Coops Are Needed
According to Mr. Mclnnerney
cooperative bargaining associa
tions of farmers should be main
"The farmer," he said, "is en
titled to a fair price for his milk.
' The public must have this food
' at a fair price, which must in
clude not only a fair cost of milk
but fair cost of plant handling
and efficient service."
But. in the opinion of the
speaker, when cooperative organ
- izations seek to enter the manu
facturing and retail distributions
fields, the attempts "usually re
sult in wasteful duplication of
facilities, impaired service to the
public and ultimately serious fi
nancial losses to farmers and
supporters. Such organizations in
my opinion are not sound."
Distribution Another Problem
"It is- apparent." continued
Mr. Mclnnerney, -that for any
cooperative distributing organiz
ation to serve the public in the
distribution of milk and dairy
products as efficiently and econ
nomclally as does the established
private business, such coopera
tive organizations must success
fully duplicate the facilities, the
ability, the talent, the executive
capacity, and the experience and
trained organizations which pri
vate capital has developed
through many years of experience
and effort. It is clear to any
one, it would appear to me, that
this cannot be done over night.
It -Is my judgment that until the
millenium arrives private enter
prise and self-interest will do a
better Job in distribution In the
interest of the consumer and the
farmer than will cooperative ef
fort. The : farmer Is a better
farmer than merchant and the
merchant is a better merchant
"If this lob can be more effi
ciently done by cooperative dis
tributing ; organizations of form
era," he explained,- "then I say
frankly. to you that there is jno
excuse for the existence of an or-
ganlzatlon such as that which I
represent.. If on the other hand, I
to create a wider market for
"In the organization of this
corporation it was the purpose of
Its founders, through the use of
large capital to cut down distri
bution costs by increasing vol
ume, to reduce the margin of
profit per unit but still to make
such aggregate profit .through
volume as would make the busi
ness profitable, of service to the
public and of real benefit to the
T TURNIP IS
GROWf. BY THURMiN
WACONDA, Nov. 8.
"Mr. Finny had a turnip
And it grew behind the barn
And it grew and ;grew and
grew and grew"
And the turnip did no harm!"
This particular turnip, grew
behind the barn on the G. W.
Thurmon farm near Forest
Grove. It grew and grew until
when "plucked" it weighed 3tt
pounds, measured 22 inches in
circumference and J eight inches
In diameter. The J turnip seed
which produced turnips this size
was planted in July, no special
method of cultivation was used.
Although part of the farm is
beaver dam soil the garden in
which the turnips grew is on a
hillside. This 13 pound tur
nip is only one among many,
and when -cooked they are most
delicious, tender and sweet, not
the least bit pithy.
O. W. Thurmon and R. W.
Nusomre both former residents
here. At present they raise pep
permint, but Mr. .Nusonot . who
was famous for his fine vegeta
ble gardens here still finds time
each year to plant 'and cultivate
garden, vv believe his: efforts
were rewarded in 1930 with the
biggest turnip ever grown, big
ger than the noted Mr. Finny 'sS
Tientsin Grand Old Man Dies
James Stewart, known as the
Grand Old Man of Tientsin, died
recently in the Chinese city. He
was an engineer, and joined the
Chinese Imperial Service 6
years ago. He built the first
steamboat for the late Empress
of China, and was governor of
the Arsenal of Tientsin in 1900
at the -time of the Boxer-rebellion.
Stewart was born in Scot
land 89 years ago.
Indian Vote to
TTTMTCATT Ala.Va ! Tw .T
(AP) Although actually trailing
his democratic rtval by 80 votes
tonight. Judge James Wicker
sham expected to be swept into
office as Alaska's delegate to
congress when the Indian votes of
the southeast are reported.
George Grigsby, the last demo
crat elected by the, territory as
delegate, hoping to be returned to
Washington after an absence of
10 years, had 4883 Votes to Wick
ershaml 4603, but the bulk of
possibly - 2,000 unreported rotes
will come from Incians in the
panhandle, whose j court : fights
against the' government for land
payments have been made ' by
Wickersham for many years.
Wednesday, November 12
10:00 Meeting called to or
der by President II. S. M err lam.
10:00-10:15 Address of wel
come, A. F. Steele, Secretary Eu
gene Chamber- of Commerce.
10:15-10:30 Response and
president's address,, H. S. Merrl-am.
10:30-10:50 "Growing Car- Z'n
. I. x". v r m n I " "
ruis, c. xj. vsox, Eugene, ure.
Beans." E. R. Clarke, West Stay
11:30-11:50 "Bean Hand
ling Movie." J. O. Holt, manager
Eugene Fruit Growers' associa
tion. 12:00-1:30 Noon.
1:30-1:50 "Pickles." J. F
Stafford, Aurora, Ore., Stafford
Pickle cAmpany. t . . , , . , ,
s 2 1 pp.2 : 1 5 "Red , Berxy JQtar
ease, o. t. Mcwaarter, cortav i Arxm n.iA
O" . Extension Hortlcultur- lln proved to be also the
arop in wheat prices. - For five
years the central pool office at
Winnipeg managed to carry on
and find markets throughout the
world at prices which the farm
ers considered satisfactory. Then
suddenly, with Canada's small
1929 harvest, began an unex
pected but continuous and heart
breaking decline in wheat prices.
The pool carried out its program
of "orderly marketing" as it
term. But now
with the biggest carry over of
wheat on record and a new crop
on hand, large in volume and
high in quality the poos is on
trial for its life. Can it survive?
First Payment Made
During the first five years the
pool made a first payment to the
farmers, called the initial pay
ment, followed by a second or in
terim payment and the final
payment after 'the windup of the
crop I year J via i the
maf f : an Initial payme
Zeiia District Has
Ripe Berries of
ZENA, Not. 8 The con
tinned mild weather in,
this . section of Oregon con
tributes greatly to the
growth of berry bushes as
well as flowers. There are
yet many green strawber
ries on vines In the numer
ous hlg strawberry patches
at Zena and many growers
report . now having ripe
strawberries for table use.
Bed raspberries and ever
green blackberries can be
gathered in jnany places.
Hoses, which always do well
here are still In fuU bloom
on many Zena residence
Mrs. James A. French of
Zena, has discovered a 12
inch branch on a red rasp,
berry bush on her farm
that has 20 ripe berries on
it beside numerous blos
soms and green berries.
During the Past ten rears
there has come into wide circul-
ist, O. S. C
2:15-2:30 "Observations in
California on the Red Berry Dis
ease," Ray Glatt, manager Wood
burn Berry Growers' association.
2:40-3:10 "Vegetable Pro
duction Problems," Lee Turner,
plant superintendent Eugene
Fruit Growers' association.
3:20-3:40 "Prunes for
Canning," Hon. Lloyd
olds, Salem, Ore.
Local tours as desired.
Thnrsday, November 13
Since the pool like the ordin
ary grain dealer, advances money
before it sells. It has to borrow
from the banks and make ad
vances to .the farmers. The
pool's credit became impaired on
the 1929 crop in this manner: Of
the one dollar advanced, 85 cents
T. Reyn- .
eicu w ucai prices declin
ed until the grain paper was no
longer adequate security for . the
loans. The pool Is strong enough
politically to dominate politics
0:00-10:15 'Cherry Fruit lftT1, ftiti-.fn. i th. ri
Fly," S. C. Jones. Corvallls, En- nrovincAs- o tnthr with
. -t n o n I '
the banks, It went to the three
prairie governments and got
guaranty of the grain-paper loans
for all the grain marketed up to
the end of the 1929 crop year,
but no longer.
Credit Problem Serious
tomologist. O. S. C.
10:20-10:35 "The Best We
Know on Thrip Control," J. Wil
cox. Corvallls, Entomologist, O.
10:30-10:55 "Spider Mites."
E. J. Newcomer.' Yakima, Wash.,
Senior Entomologist. U. S. D. A.
11:00-11:15 "Brown Rot,"
t VbYioIl, LJstanc
grain warehouse space. j
Under the Agricultural Market
ing Act of 1929 the United States
has a Farm Board.. The act pro
vides for "orderly marketing
The Farm Board came into
power, a little more than a year
ago. committed to attacking the
wheat-marketing problem first.
and committed also to the order
ly-marketing theory. The board
considered the Canadian wheat
pool an outstanding success j and
began at once to promote the or
ganization of a gigantic wheat
Pool, in the United States, hop
ing to amalgamate for that pur
pose the eight existing wheat
pools and the 5000 local farmers'
elevators. A small fraction of
these concerns came together In
a quaai-pool known as the Farm
ers National Grain corporation.
At that time both the Farm
Board and the Canadian wheat
pool were forecasting higher
prices for wheat, though actual
prices were moving downward.
Such forecasts did much to drive
European - buyers to other sour
ces of supply. Since wheat prices
were not behaving according to
the schedule of the pool and the
Farm Board, the board took the
next step permitted by law a
step which It later regretted. It
concerning I entered the market .and . bouaht
lit Stt: hW fooWfT I so i d ifoTcel the
fUngi" . It price) tin III the Sta iftlsaoul to.
i, thzt If The board entered the Chicago
WINTER KILL -
?.rwe" !ut the market with wheat pit through its own agen- trees
aw iir-wucrnes or Deacnes. tne i xr r rAmnrsfUa
. . t m , - - I Jtu vviyviavivui snaa va
r -8 ,rpiy 11 tnere bought futures, hoping thereby
h. r ripe "awDeres, to. lift cash prices. Cash prices
ZZ""a.Z r " WM "-responded for a day or two and
fUKi JSli! Whai !s truev,of per' for a cent r two to this new and
isable, fruits and vegetables was unknown nower. then voided
true or wheat. But wheat is a once more to the domination of
oTcijr wuuueni, narvestea at wnrM vn4(t!nn. ..r.ni
some place every da7 In the year, demand. Wheat prices continued
easuy snipped long distances, to ink PnrAn. nntfn,ia,i
Unique Appliance to Protect
Trees is . Displayed by
Polk Co. Agent
DALLAS. Nov. 8 Winter in
Jury, that bug-bear1 of so many
fruit trees, may cease- to be a
problem if a new appliance just
received In County Agent J. R.
Beck's office should prove a suc
cess. .This appliance is a prepar
ation made up in a flexible man
ner that can be loosely fastened
around the trunk of a tree effec
tively cutting down the wide
range in temperatures.
Winter Injury la supposed to
do its damage through the alter
nate warming effects of the win
ter sun In January and Febru
ary followed by quickly lower
temperatures as the sun goes
down, causing freezing. Last
year a great many cherry trees
were almost completely ruined
here in Polk county and other
fruit trees also suffered, consid
erably. Such injury occurs to a
greater or lesser extent every
-This new appliance Is a light
material made from Yucca wood
In southern California. It is sup
posed to be able to stand heavy
rainfall. Is porous and effective
ly turns away the warming rays
of' the sun diii-ing the winter
nbnths. It fis; fastened' taoseTy
about the trunk of the young
Several samples of this appli
ance are now in Mr. Beck's of
fice and he states that he plana
on putting them out in the near
future but In the meantime in
terested growers are invited to
call at his office and look t
and safely stored for long per
iods of time. The concept of or
derly marketing, which origin
ally meant the feeding of the
market In a regular.
tasiiion and the avoidance of
dumping, is, I repeat, good for
ripe strawberries but not for
The pool practiced what it
consiaerea orderly marketing on
me six wneat crops
find wheat elsewhere, and to use
non-perishable commodity rrown
more substitutes fo wheat; Sev
eral countries even raised ! their
oraeny tariffs against imported wheat.
The Farm Board decided to
quit the market and withhold Its
wheat, some 9, 000,000 bushels,
till some time in the future, un
specified, when the price should
be "right." The Farm Board and
the pool thus had the same ex-
Of 1924 to
1929, inclusive. Strictly sDeak- perlence in withholdinr wheat
The credit nroblem and the I m this theory should mean the I in order to force a rise fn nrlce
low wheat price make it difficult marketing of one-twelfth of the The result in the end. as later
Polk County Reports In
creasing Number of
DALLAS, Nov. t Slowly
H P Bars.. CorvalHs. Patholo-! " ", . . . " I --7C'ZZV-?Z--V CZ" SKwiy out
' I ior mm pool 10 iinance tne wxieai i oui me pool to, pruveu, was merely surely the work " of ellmfnaMnv
SlSt. CI B. C. I & a 1 Mrl 4.l an l- ai. tn Iaw.. ..-(. I1 1 n ii.., . -
gist. O. S. C
11:20-11:50 "Produce for
the Cannery," W. G. Allen, man
ager Hunt Brothers Cannery,
1:30-2:00 Business session.
2:00-2:20 "The Year's Pro
gress in Small Fruit," George
Darrow, Horticulturist, D. 8. D.
Problems," J. J
Agricultural Agent, Oregon
Problems of Oregon." T. A. Sam-
mis, Jr., The Dalles, president
Oregon State Board of Horticul
Strawberry Plant Stock," George
Darrow, Horticulturist, U. S. D.
Local tours as desired.
Night session on University of
Thursday, November IS
8:00 "Overseas Markets for
Oregon Prunes," H. C. Hawkins,
Eugene, Ore., Dept. of Business
Research, U. of O.
Friday, November 14
Under the auspices of North
west Dried Fruit association.
10:00-10:45 "What the
Northwest Dried Fruit Industry
Means to the Dried Fruit Associ-
movement now on me wav in i ijwicu mur bucu riaia w juwci yrrces sun more.: f or lniMtMiii . hnriinn . u
. . . .... i .,11 i ... i. . - - i .v. ii- - . - i . . v-r. .- - w ui. m
large volume ana tne panics m oi (ne meory, Decause. 1 lu OJa carry-over, to oe mar-I aairr herds of - Piv onim i.
. . . . hnw... hm .. l.i.j ' t . . I . .1 - ''J
V V UlbUIICU bUCU I . .U IU, I r W " V UIA.UVV11 II1UO, IB I ft Ul 11 J O I WS I Q , VT ' ll XJ
terms, xne initial payment on i "memaucai ana oraeriy rash- aepressmg iactor. a supply i terson. countr Teterlnarian -
. I. - . . . A .... . r I inn m w tl a r . . . .ti .u. i 1 sllhk.M I - ..... jtt - . m i . .. . . - - -
me aav crop wu iixeu i oa I iwt ah, iub ouyers i is uui uispusea or. I pons mat thinnmhtr ,u,.
wuw utuuci, un lur run - -" umiki, ucmiaa I "7 " ouara mi quit l neras IS eonstantlvi (nrrmalnr
tviiiiams nuinuer x wneai, wij. oo me pool l. . uen prices oy I uuring the bast 10- mnnihi
inougn an initial payment 01 vu i n quoia irom month to I uu'u seiung wneat. it nasi 1.099 head nf am n ttt
cents had been announced some month according to buyer de- J nw Program to reduce acre-1 farms have been tested of which
weeks earlier. The farmer in mand, but yet undertook to sell I a"e nd raise prices. The pool. I number 91 re-acted ' Of thi
Saskatchewan, the principal about one-half its wheat durinx to. i looking for a new sro- nnmhr iimA.t i,.tr . 11...
.V a sa .nv...f 1 i h. firm .Iw .i l.i, mm A . . I . . . " .uvu urio
yiuTiiivc, iuubv buuli .li. i uawui.ua uu Dneoiii -" n. tuieruiueui wneai I in two nirni
Doara has been proposed, but I Dr. Pelcnnn mi rnin i...t
- - - T"- wahb.j Aai ua
IV.. t . . . ' . 1
au&L ii H ii 1st nnw inm msiisa tsb a ti . T . a . m
- - i pi'i cooperate in lining ud
fZStlCeWVL,L at.J,r"!t oman, re veTerybody
province" on The stlon of a Where tMg is" SSTiJJ- !SfS
u u t-aitir. i l win nrnnaniT .
Soil Fertility I treArht 4hirr f 90 in(i durinc the ncnnd
xnBm.ecy, vuuui bnahel from thi navment Thus I v.
i m. ism imi
ho receives 40 cents a bushel I By following this system for
cash for the best grade with the five years it was able tn zot in
promise of more later If the price some years a little more for its'
evo uu uub . J o wi nucai, iu oiuerS a little Ins a than
perlence is repated he will get I the non-oool farmer.
no farther payment. But the average was good enough mean breaking up of th? pres- era.
a m I - T a--w- - v. 0 " " a a-aasaa, UV3 AUIilll itfSra raniaWaTa1 I
vfZV hl OT"ion by a legal five- their contracts at the end of the
year contract, ii ne Dreaaa tms iirst rive-year period In the
contract he can be sued and I sixth year, the first vear nt h.
compeiieu w pay a ceais i secona-term contracts, the son.
shel as liquidated damage and pool farmers came out ahead nv
money saver to the farm-
A tra r-orlv nn.. .VI- .1
Meantime, the most successful I Hon . ttaa. ,.. ... ,Z '
farmers' marketing arenrv in h.n .-ii w. t. iL
crowt?. , United iGrain ty. A.fMrmer traded out-of-state
Growers, which follow, the us- nronertv lf rn t. " I
commercial practice. of .Tr
aiso me costs or tne litigation, at least 50 cents a bushel. The ue" B5 ine ruur market his horned. Within a month se v.
If he threatens to break away I dooI thf- tfm. n. ..M.v. ... nd exporting throurh the oif I r v v" ... " .
from the pool an Injunction can own theory of orderly marketing inf hed -l I" Europe. It on consulting with Dr Peterson
be served on him enjoining spe-1 to mean the wUhhaMtna f h" 20 7W of experience behind I and mnWinr t .!- 7
cifle performance of his contract, weat in the fall In order to force ":.and doe' 50.000,000 bus!- was found that practically every
The system is legally perfect, for higher prices in the anrinr. in.. ne"- animal i. rfl.I.. tk.",V
the courts uniformly uphold tlfylng itself bv savinr that thr- Tn successful farmer-leoma ir thi. .... Vn .V.
these contracts: but marketing Is Wa, absence of buying power In ryZ'FM" cy loss of the herdj the pwbab
more an economic than a legal the fall. So there was; but ! thV?nn,ted SUte ,B tbeiritem moTinr of the farmer to Mother
problem. In the farmer's eyes there Is still rrear.r .h, 11 ot M00 country elevators, with l.tin T.iS 7T,1 r? 1...!
the touchstone is; What price do buying power now. 12 months la- fv..urn.0Ter $750.000.000 or with aerlous financial Tniurv tl
ter, - and more wheat than ever
on hand to be sold.
Theory Does Not Work
There are two reasons why the
PIG NURSERY SUCCEEDS
MonmoutK Couple Feed 12 With Bottles
REGULAR HOURS KEPT
By BEULAH H. CRAVEN
MONMOUTH, Not. g Mr.
and Mrs. C. H. Parker are spon
soring a somewhat novel nursery
at their farm on N. Monmouth
avenue, where they are rearing
12 little white pigs which for
four weeks they , fed - from bot
tles. The mother pig farrowed
a litter of 18. and Mr. Parker
immediately segregated six which
he began to feed from a bottle.
Some of the largest of the utter
were left with the mother, but
she developed milk-fever and six
of the litter died. Mr. and Mrs.
Parker then ted the remaining
12, using bottles supplied - with
nipples such as are used fa feed
ing lambs. .-
The first week a feeding was
given every , two t hours, using
equal parts of fresh and skim
cows' milk. . For two nights they
received one feeding, hut this
was . discontinued by feeding at
10:30 p. ra., and at 5:30 a. m.
The second week the time be
tween feedings was lengthened
to three hours; -then they were
fed six times daily! and now they
get four feedings dally. When
about tour weeks old the pigs
learned to drink; from little
troughs and to eat, some mlllfeed
also. Now they are almost seven
weeks old, and all j are husky and
Considering the financial value
of pigs at present the Parkers
feel that their achievement, is
not only unusual,! but decidedly
meritorious. . . .
I ret for my commodity?
Wheat is Bootlegged
In normal years about 10 per
cent of the pool members boot-
IATt' Iff. T2Sr lhJL ?tht Poor- . curreVt- theory" of order,?
. ----- juuucy riA .7 mar""" -ot work for
-. . dr oiiereu. or swmw wimj vhMi mi. . . y .v.
10:45-12:00 Discussion of urT.. th,m. In the present . :,'.a.r 4U .ine
..lit. rrAm hv th- on.iitv "r;- - Jl7T,' - iM ice. me tuture maraet
w V.' crisis Btif"5 taxes care of "dumoinir " For
scale nas begun, in on" co"- instance, the average recelnts of
mnnitv 70 farmers were hailed rt,. ' ,v. v..." ..?iB ?l
-,t Hundred, of f arm- . r.a OI
u,v - . i imue are ouv.uuu bushel, a
r hV badT n ftH! I . -e'en S.oSo.Ooi9 bu-
unnn inini ii luix i w nva w i ar aia x .a a s .
Prrttl Wan. 1 will m n uumpru QU IDS. DiaHCt m
- - - - " 7. . i cornea a iniuvcun n .....
the end of the pool as now or
ganised. The temptation to
hootler la esnecially great now
discussion on haoan the rerular rrain aeai-
Grower-Packer m ran actnallv nay 20 to 30
Committee. Chairman W. G.
Fisher, Salem, Ore., and others :
of the committee.
of Handling Prunes," W. G. Wle-
gand. corvallls. Horticultural
Products, O. S. C.
matters such as
three times that of the Canadian both parties.
goes and tie Farm iZ?t P01 .Mo,t l" oC red herds,
fh-. i . Board quits. of the county are now being ac
f!?.0.111" l.wo will .till cedited Iree f rom Ai. di.!...
ce7.fulU0.via ZIX? f. SW' "t In thi
On the whole, our hT " 11' J.l.ra F01
centralised farmer orrnfH;: 171 .1 LS"V" .ineT
have not had a record of irt iant uun.fl
ancc.a ' I.. - "iBvuuf Kuor-
i i ' i iiAn
Committee and advertising plans, I ,,nt hnshel more than the
Chester Arthur Jones. Secretary-1 nnoia initial navment. In this
one day and the price rise. This
corn was bought," paid for In
cash, and sold at once for fu
ture delivery. The buyer of the
cash grain had no risks from
price fluctuations and hence
bought freely. He was ready to
buy any quantity up to the phys-
association. I hi. wheat and has his money la ... .u . .. - '
" ,. . w- I vou iur. it, jliiu sett II lor
full. If he sells through the . delivrr. wlthnt ruv 1
dooI he Will get more money V .",.
ter if the nriee goes np. The pool T. "n,rA"
. 1 Z k.llu I " - - c miiiiuuB more
??z "t" " or nothing to u.
strongly ' 7." oi tne great terminal raar-
w.it,..niA on!yT"li!UMru ket ts plugged wtth excesslTe
HARDY CLOVER IS
SUCCESS SO FAR
(SaoEa -I7eGc3 IPe?)
Rolled Oats, 60 lb. sack, 85 els.
Mill Run, 80 lb. sacks, 90 cts.
Snatch Feedf 100 lb. sacks, $15
EGG MASH, 80 lb. sack!, $1.85
- Beet Pulp, 100 lb. sacksj 1.75
Free delivery In the city. ifompt service.
D. A. WHITE & SONS
Phone lo, ZC1 Stato St.
receipts so that the railroads
DALLAS. Not. 8 The hardy
U Wtf,rr xrcu uiuu6u. i m mAmH.
. . 1 ... - . larmpii KC uvv. - ,
i. a cuuuij iobl spring irum . , - T . .
i-. . ji...i . . i are sun-uuui. "
wu.v .1 1 vtcij lauivaiiuu ui i
the pool: the one who Is pessl-
milUC IDDUl 1.UV v.ivw w " nlou V. - ... .
I w hi, wheat But T rarely oceurs.
ihonf ne-half the wheat 1 . e second plsce, the
hair I wuoi uariei is geared
. iio me present system of world
.nM ms wheat di- -arrests tne Northern
proTlng to be an' outstanding p "''Zl 'l' , Vn phere clearin It. aeaboaM wht
success Th!rtv-fhrP firman I rect I rom tuo .v. r
m..u7 . or il.KO i bushel; tne pool
aneaa of the southern. If the
for . his. American iarmer "dumps" 50
, ti.. mjt fa i uci cent di nia wnear tna rmr
- S5TS SIS
Just the past few
in cooperation with the county Umer A.01.h.T.
leTidenee as this. The pool real-
W USTS ab affe I ..... a a II.
ftrm.r. 1,,,. iia PI i.v I IxeS fUllT that K IS BQT in lis
w atiiTu acuwaLM . wiui I - . . .
Mr. Beck whtch tnio.t. .-. llfe-and-death Dame.
and it la
fields seeded to this strain of moblllxmg. every pcioi- agency
red elover average better than education ana vropw"-.
similar fields where the loeallT radio, eircuurs, ana
arrnwn aaaui waa n.a ivi. ... l lit. . . .
Only two .mall ft-rida intara I es,
mainder when it is convenient.
ana tne Canadian farmer . does
exactly the same with his wheat
and this is his habit the flow
of wheat to the European buyer
la fairly -orderly." For then the
way. is cleared . for - the hearr
flow from Argentina f olio win r
me uecemaer harrect there; and
nnauy ior tne now from Austra-
' ' -
i . .
pianung. . r I Ing his planting of eloTer Is that ilia. To this eommeretai w.r.m
This has been a good year, for made by A. H. Rhode of McCoy. I the world market t.
elorer and unless the .winter is Mr. Rhode states, "I hare a won-1 wisely so, for it save. Europe
especially hard on It next sea-Iderful stand of doTer.Uward I the exnensa in' . t.-.
son should see a harvest that Miller of Amity says,, "I am very storage- facilities The area
win provide plenty of seed for well pleased with the clover and terminal elerators for eleanlnr
almost all of the farmers in I am counting on a good crop drying,, processing mixing and
Polk count - .who desire to next, year. Q I Bush of Inde- storage are in the homelands
cna-npe over to tnis naray strain, i penaenee reports " or tne oesti where them belonr i pnrnna
l.v. ..j. -
usuiicr. ueeas .nor has ranch
A typical statement concern-1 stands he has ever had.
BOND-LEDGER - GLASSINE
; i Support Oregon Pirotiaeia
Specify "Salem Made- Paper for Your
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