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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 8, 1930)
PAGE FOUR y
The OREGON STATESMAN. Salenv Oregon Wednesday Morning, October 8, 19S0
- 7 .
"No Favor Stcays Us; Ko Fear Shall, Atce"
From First Statesman, March 28, 1CI
THE STATESMAN1 PUBLISHING CO.
Charles A. Spkactje, Sheldon F. Sackett, Publisher $
Chakles A. Sjtucvb ..... Editor-Manager
Sheldon F. Sackett ..... Managing Editor
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Entered at the Postoffice at Salem, Oregon, at Second-Clas
Hatter. Published every morning except Monday, Businest
215 S, Commercial Street.
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Copy 2 cents. On trains and News Stands 5 cents.
We Hear from Up-River
FRANK Jenkins in the Eugene Register takes us sharply
to task for discounting the booster talk up-river about
opening navigation on the WiHamette. We ought to be
ashamed of ourselves he says; and thinks we are conspicuously-
selfish in favoring improving the river below Salem
and not above Salem. Jenkins goes on to show possible sav-j
aings of eighty million dollars in Register small caps if not
in ood coin of the realm if the river is improved up as far
Just why the development should stop at Eugene, Jen
kins doesn't say. Surely it should go on to Cottage Grove
where it would get some real freight, or on u to' West Fir
.to get some of the lumber milled there. Why stop at Eu
gene? So long as the government spends the money, why
rot make each trickle a canal, with locks at every riffle?
To justify the canalization of the river, Jenkins refers
to the sixty billion feet of standing timber in Lane coun
ty. But what proportion of that amount would move by wat
er if the river were open? The cutting will extend over a
period of at least forty years ; only a small percentage could
move by water economically because of the expense of get
ting it to the stream. Take Jenkins' estimate of 2,400,000
cars of lumber "available," divide it by forty for the aver
age movement per year, and you have 15,000 cars. If all
this moved to Portland the freight bill would be only f 1,
000,000 per annum. Now take out from this the big amount
of timber that will move down the Siuslaw to the ocean;
and the lumber that will go by rail south to California, and
over the Natron cut-off to the middle west; and by rail
through Portland to the middle west. It is safe to say that
not over ten per cent of the Lane county lumber would ever
move by water to Portland because of the excessive cost of
transshipping. The mills are not on the'Willamette but back
in the hills. To put the lumber on barges at Eugene would
require truck or rail haul and extra handling. The total
freight on this proportion of the annual lumber haul by
water to Portland at rail rates would be $100,000. If the
water rate was one-half the rail rate the saving would be
$50,000. Now multiply this by three to allow for other ton
nage and service to other intermediate cities and the total
saving is $150,000.
It would cost a minimum of $3,000,000 to open a four
foot channel from Salem to Eugene, and provide docks and
terminals. The interest on this alone would be $120,000.
The maintenance cost would be from $150000 to $250,000.
The annual cost would be $300,000 or about twice the es
timated freight savings.
These figures, we admit, are mere guesses, the same as
those of Jenkins. But realizing how hard a battle Salem has
had to get approval for its project where the amount re
quired is very small and the amount of tonnage actual and
definite, it looks like a pipe-dream to talk of dredging a
channel up to Eugene where the river gets so low in sum
mer you can't float a fir log down stream. The agitation is
a combination of political molasses, chamber of commerce!
goose-grease and newspaper hot air.
Jenkins says he thinks few people in Salem agree with
The Statesman in our "narrow, ignorant and selfish views."
And we credit the majority of the residents of Eugene with
too much intelligence to put much faith in the after-dinner
oratory of candidates for office and the booster buncome of
blue sky developers who would have imaginary steamboats
. soon tying up at imaginary
The Statesman would be
velopment clear to Eugene if we believed the improvement
practical from a business standpoint. It. would be a real ben
efit to Salem and the valley. But you can't justify invest
ment of millions by hopes and expectations not based on
facts. - - s.
PEOPLE are hoping for better times. And better times
seems to mean for them, higher prices for their pro-
The copper miner wants a higher price for copper.
The rubber grower wants a higher price for rubber.
The wheat grower wants a higher price for wheat.
The cotton grower has similar hopes for cotton.
The wool grower wants a higher price for wool.
The turn of prosperity seems to hinge on the recovery
of commodity prices.
Without doubt there will be up-swings in prices, in the
normal operation of supply and demand and their influence
A V 1 1 -V a 1
upon ine price structure, isut we may as well reconcile our
selves to a commodity price level substantially under that
of 1926-1928. The war left us on a high price peak. 1920
1921 saw sharp deflation, and when a bottom, was found at
last, we thought we were down as far as prices -would go.
Not so, we were still on a high plateau. The intervening
years have seen Gradual slinnatre to lower levels; but not
till 1929-1930 was there another sudden avalanche carrying
prices down to a still lower plateau. Without a doubt some
prices like copper and wheat have dipped too far and will
work back, because they have gone far below pfe-war aver-
T - - A. A. A. J 1 J 1 V 1 1
ages. rui we muse conieni ourselves wiin tnis lower pia-
tMll nf nrirPS nnrl VinnA thnf VL-a vaU nnf ha crmnrod val.
leywtfrd any farther for a number of years.
Prosperity does not depend on the height of the price
leved, but on the balance which exists among commodities
and services. Money wages move more slowly in either direc-
tion, than do commodity prices; and rarely do money wages
recede to former low levels. But .there must be a balance;
wages cannot be so high as to stifle production, nor so low
as to kUJ demand.
The forces that make for depression have a reverse ef
fect in starting the influences that make for revivaL Thus,
lower prices eventually stimulate demand. As soon as peo.
' nip Are satisfied that "hnttam Ko hMn -rehaA " efnrt
to buy, lest prices wing-the other way. Every person with a
steady, job at fixed wages or salaries has increased buying
power with every decline in the price level We hear much
about unemployment, but little of that vast, army of men
and women, the great majority, who arei-ealljr enjoying
"wage increases' because their money wages have not been
; reduced while the buying power of that money has been
' increased." Soonor or later that becomes felt. With reviving
demand, production which 'has been curtailed for months,
revives,-more workmen are employed and in a year or two
rre may set started cn the upswing of the business cycle
.which always' ends in speculative debauches preceding an-
docks in Eugene for imaginary
ardently in favor of river de
By R. S. Copeland, M. D.
No personal possession can
mean more than a beautiful skin.
Fortunate is the person who Is
born with a
skin of fine
texture. He Is
if he has the
t hat usually
ion. Of late years
in this country
ence has been
p 1 a e ed on
WWPtLDib ty." There are
any number of
good facial creams and other aids
which, thanks to publicity; are an
open book to all who read. In
spite of this, the number of per
sons with unsightly skin Is le
gion. Why is It so many young peo
ple have to ge through long pe
riods, sometimes years, of pain
ful embarassment on account of
some skin disorder? The face
may be marred with rashes,
pimples, acne, eczema, and yet no
particular fault can. be found
with the habits of the suffering
Skins differ much In texture
and in the sice of the' pores. We
differ in the circulation of the
blood and the quality of the
The person who has a coarse,
large-pored, greasy skin -must be
careful to bathe regularly , and
thoroughly. The skis' most be
kept clean if it Is to-function
well. It can only do ibis when
the pores of the skin are open
and kept free fronv dirt and
The first thing of Importance
is cleanliness. The unhealthy
skin must have the most rigorous
treatment. A little dab of soap
and water is not enough.
After the ordinary washing of
the face, it is astonishing how
much dirt is left. Did you ever
try moistening a cloth with alco
hol or cologne and rubbing it
over the face? You will be shock
ed at the smudge left on the
Such a skin should have a
thorough cleansing every night
Never go to bed without follow
Ing a set rule. A good one is to
wash the face and neck vigorous
ly with some soap and plenty of
warm waiter. Then cleanse the
skin still further with diluted al
cohol or other solvent of grease.
After this apply a good cleansing
cream and massage the skin
gently. Be sure that the hands are
scrupulously clean as well.
In the morning wash the face
again with soap and water and
can be found with the habits of
the rinse. Then massage the skin
gently and press out the greasy
substances of the pores and the
blackheads. After this bathe the
face in cold water. You will aoon
see a distinct difference in your
The person with a poor skin
should follow a simple, nourish
ing diet. Take plenty of outdoor
exercise. Do away with constipa
tion If present. Keep the bowels
freely open, for you must get
rid of the toxic poisons of the
system. Drink much water so
so that the kldeys will carry
- . v ,v WWW
on me Doaiiy poisons as well,
for that is their function.
For the boy or girl who has a
oaa complexion the purest of
milk should be included in the
diet so as to get all the vitamins
needed. They should learn to
like green salads, and eat much
of them. Cleanliness of the skin
and the right diet can do ranch
Answers to' Health Queries
Jay. Q. My back between the
shoulder blades aches and at
times has a "pricky" feeling.
What is the cause?
A You may be nervous or
troubled with neuritis. For other
information send a self-addressed
stamped envelope and repeat
E.M. Q. What will destroy
superfluous hair on the chin?
A. For full particulars send
a self-addressed stamped envel
ope and repeat your question.
. . . Of Old Oregon
Town Talks from The States
man Ov Fathers Bead
, .October 8, 1005
'A. T. Kelllher has addressed
an open letter to the press fol
lowing accusation that he and H.
H. Turner forged instruments In
alleged procuration of thousands
of- acres of state school lands. In
his letter, Kelllher charges that
the governor was "duped" and
insincere In his "repudiation
raids," and that ex-land Agent
Morrow secured 4,500 acres of
school lands now in irrigation re
serve. Fire, presumed t$. be due to
carelessness of tramps, broke out
in the residence of Richard O.
Keene, 13th and Lewis streets,
lat last night. Tramps are
thought to have entered the
house and helped themselves to
use of the stove, as the fire orig
inated from the kitchen stove.
The toss runs to about $2,009.
Today is the. 20th anniversary
of the Capital National bank of
this city. Ai under the law bo na
tional bank is chartered for more
than 20 years, the local bank bad
to apply for extension. The ex
tension, was granted following examination.
other cycle of collapse and depression.
Times are hard for the producer who has to take, a
lower price than he wants for his produce. But the producer
is a consumer as well. And he gets some -benefits from the
pains of other producers. Good flour at $1.70 a sack; sugar
at $4.69 a bag; these low prices and others mean more mon
ey remains in the consumer's purse to be spent for other
things. Economics, like the world of nature, has a natural
tendency to be in balance. It is the throwing things out of
balance like booms and depressions, which causes afl the
-n U- o
Silt' W fUY UK6 O ., "P)k
' '"Tie' "a s rr --: :- : -"
r TD I T
Ardetti works in a shop and la being
wooed by Neil Burke. Her home life
Is far from pleasant. She lives with
an aunt and a snooping girl cousin.
Nell is all right until she spies a
"swell" riding a horse. Neil chides
Ardeth Jealously. The next day Ar
deth sees a picture of Ken Gleason.
the man on the horse. In the rotogra
vure section and her heart thumps.
But Ardeth comes to earth with the
usual bickering with Bet about stock
ings. Jeanette Parker calls at the store
where Ardeth works and offers the
latter a job in the "swell" shop she
is starting. Ardeth accepts. Nell ob
jects to Ardeth's plans and they have
a row. Ardeth meets Ken when he
visits the shop. Shortly after, knowing
that Jeanette has left for the day.
Ken calls at the shop, feigning that
he had planned to drive Jeanette
home. He asks Ardeth to go instead.
Next day. Ken plana a foursome of
Ardeth, Jeanette, his friend, Tom Cor
bet t, and himself. Jeanette and Tom
are unable to go, so Ken Is alone with
Ardeth. They picnic together, their
hearts racing with each other's near
ness. Unable to resist. Ken kisses Ar
deth. When she mentions Cecile, his
face darkens. Life to pretty Ardeth
Carroll meant working in ahop, an
unhappy home with her aunC and the
courtship of Nell. When days go by
with no word from Ken, Ardeth feels
he was just another flirtation. Ce
cils calls at the shop and when Ar
deth overhears her talking of Ken, her
neaxt arc pa. i nat night. She is over
lnd Ken waiting fer her. Af-
happy evening together.
Ken tells her he couldn't stay away
any longer. He comes to the shop with
Tom Corbett and joins. Ceclle in the
tea-room. Ardeth Is consumed with
jealousy. Looking up from her work,
she Is surprised to find Tom leaning
across the case, gasing- at her.
If Tom Corbett noticed Ardeth's
agitation he gave no sign. His
eyes had dropped to the trinket
she was arranging on its satin
"What la the name of com
mon sense is that?" he asked in
astonishment, "A bunch of glass
The girl drew a deep, breath.
Her tone took! on protective light
ness of manner. Golden eyes
crinkling to smiles as she an
swered. "You're an excellent guesser,
since that's what it's supposed to
look like! They're each a tiny
bottle of perfume. See unscrew
one from the rest of the cluster,
and you have a little dash of per
fume. It's an Imported novelty
Jeanette picked up yesterday."
"Gosh the trouble you women
go to !" Tom's honest square face
She laughed and be could never
guess her mind was strained to
the babble in the back room.
"A different perfume to match
different moods;" she said gaily.
"It goes according t o colors.'
When one feels joyful take this
amber grape. That perfume's
Mountain Holiday. And if you're
pensive this orchid one Faint
Regrets, and If you feel the
world is your oyster, here's this
red one. Whoopee! And when you
have a headache or a heartache
or your rich uncle has Just
died and left you. nothing, you'll
find consolation in this tender
green Never Mind."
"And you women keep that
sort of truck on your minds along
with your other troubles? Good
"Oh, I don't think a woman
with real troubles would remem
ber she had this bunch of
grapes! Ardetb couldn't keep
the bitterness out of her voice.
Something to. the tone which
raised the maa's eyes fb study
that lovely averted face.
'A sal of laughter came from
the other room. "Cyril, your
priceless!' sounded Cecile'i high
clear voice. The Inevitable Du
vant "Not ree-ally!" echoed.
Tom's light brown eyee be
came a little grim.
They're reading - that Spy
IMA CD A TFY' By GLADYS
thing . . . you know, that scan
dalous weekly called The Spy?"
"I saw Jeanette bring It in this
morning," she answered.
Tom's square fingers tapped a
tattoo on the top of the case.
"Weil named, isn't it? How can
a thing like that flourish for
years in a civilized community?
Nobody likes it, and everybody
reads it. Afraid they'll miss
some dirty crack about them-
Ires if they don't, I guess. Says
enough to smlreh reputa
tions and not quite enough so
they can get the -rotten sheet for
libel. Wonder who's the gar
bage collector who reports the
"Like an assassin striking in
the dark, isn't it?" Hot color
had run to Ardeth's eheeks. It
was suddenly Indicative of them,
those perfumed, sophisticated
women smoking and chatting
scandal. And Ken with his
breezy, out-of-door air, his frank
smile sitting beside Cecile . . .
She dropped her head, feeling
that her face betrayed too much.
Tom's admiring eyes feasted
on her. "Pretty kid ..." ran
his thoughts, "and sweet, too.
. . . Nice, steady way she looked
at a fellow."
The dream stretched through
the days, yet now beneath was a
vagne fear like a beating of
wings. Only when she was with
Ken did it still. There was a
measure of anxiety in her man
ner now, something wistful in
the hazel eyes when they silently
searched the man's face. She had
a breathless sense that the time
was drawing short. The time for
Each day she saw him was an
other precious pearl added to the
string. Noon hours when he
would be loitering by the flower
stand at the corner. His tall slim
figure white smile flashing in
the warm tan of his face. Hurry
ing to her through the sunshine.
Grasping .her elbow with a teas
ing "Woman, I'm starved for
Why did they keep these meet
ings secret? Later Ardeth recog
nized this as the tribute she paid
the fear the fear which beat
under her happiness like wings.
So long as nothing definite was
slid to break the spell, the dream
went on. Nothing definite between
them . . . nothing to struggle for
or against. Just the sweet se
curity of knowing she would see
him sometime during the day
without pre-arranged appoint
ment. She didn't want to think.
If she did, she would be afraid.
Sometimes Ardeth found Jean
ette watching her with that cur
ious narrow smile. But Jeanette's
manner was very kind.
The days, going by, bright and
easy. One must skim the surface
of them, lightly oh, so lightly,
lest one break through and drop
into the fear below.
6he lived only for his presence
for the moment when he would
come In the shop, calling a care
less greeting to Jeanette, his
leaping across at her in laughing
caress. Often Tom Cdrbett came
with him, friendly as a. great dog.
His brown eyes watched Ardeth
admiringly as he talked.
But at night the fear pounced
on her. Dull nights when she
moved as though in a dream
about the Harrison flat. Washing
her underthings. Mending her
clothes. Busy with tasks for real
life in the shop the next day. Hot
flames of Jealousy burned her
Where was Ken tonight? What
was he doing In that other world
where she could not follow? Was
be with Cecile? Jealousy scorch
ing her as she thought ef Ken's
vivid face bent close, to Ceclie's
provocating lips. , .
Bitter moods washed away the
next day when she saw him wait
ing up near th fiowerstaad.
Saw bis white smile In -the sun
light. Heard, his murmured "hun
gry for you, Mothf"
Dancing with Ken out at the
beach on Saturday nights. Seeing
his eyes darken with; emotion a
they looked at her face so tempt
J - a k- w
ing near . . . Ken holding her so
tightly she could feel his "heart
beating on her own.
Then, in a moment, this dream
She had come to the store
early this morning. Jeanette was
coming down later and later now
that the novelty of the place was
Ardeth slipped off her hat and
coat and was standing at the mir
ror pressing the waves in her hair
when a flash of something green
caught her eye.
The postman, pushing the
weekly issue of The Spy through
the letter slot.
Ardeth's lip curled at the sight
of the insinuating magazine, but
she was a true daughter of Eve.
A moment later she was stand
ing by the door, her eyes running
down a column called "Through
Words leaping up, to part her
lips and send the hot color puls
ing through her face.
Personalities framed in the af
fected stinging style of the publi
cation. "ThVSpy has watched with in
terest .the engagement of a cer
tain beauteous blonde and one of
our former collegiate football
stars. This engagement, like those
of royalty, was made by family
arrangement. But in our bumble
opinion, long engagements are a
mistake. There are other beaute
ous blondes though not of royal
ty and blue eyes will rove. To
your knitting, Cecile!"
(To be contiued)
Valve - -
If those who know the facts do
their duty, the controversy over
the salaries of our-state officers
has just begun.
In the short editorial reply to
my recent article published in the
Statesman's "Safety. Valve," ye edi
tor told the truth, but did not
and could not. In his limited space,
tell the whole truth. HU answer
only covered one phase of the
questions I tried to bring out and
we are thus left' to believe that
he accepts the fact that all state
officers, other than the supreme
court Judges, are receiving uncon
stitutional salaries, and to my best
knowledge and belief, they are.
But what about the Judges of
the supreme court? Wasthe law
quoted by the editor constitution
al? Or, if it is constitutional, was
it really and truly mads consti
tutional honestly, or was it put
over by fraud? Is fraud consti
tutional? Let us look into this
It la very important and can
not be set aside by insinuating
that Hosmer doesn't know bis
stats constitution or by playfully
offering him a full salary f $7,
500 to case of his election. The
legislature may now, if nothing is
done to prevent It, raise the sala
ries to $10.09f, to 125,000 or
950,000 before a Hosmer can be
This law that gave the legisla
ture power to gtve their pals any
darned old "salary they happen to
demand is rotten, to the core. It
Wli nhtaln Af hw franA anil 4 . .
L H .1 V 1 a . . . .
tuiuuiuuuuu, nut ess ic is eonsu
lutlonal to deceive the voters fate
voting for something they would
have turned down, and unless it
is constutional to leave out of the
title any mention of the true, na
ture of the amendment, and unless
It . Is constitutional te Word an
amendment so aa to deceive the
great majority of the voters.
Do you suppose, Mr. Editor, that
the amendment from whlcn you
quoted as follows: "The Judges
of the supreme court and other
courts shall receive such compen
BITS for BREAKFAST
-By R. J. HEMP5ICKS'
Getting history straight:
Who was the tint wblto cbU4
born in Ore-
born In the
try, or what
was then called
Wail la t p a,
March 4. 183T.
in the Walla
a. J. Hsndrickt
June 22, 1838. That was the
name of the Whitman mission,
in Washington, near what is now
Bancroft's history says: "In
August (1838) White's infant
son was drowned, the first boy
born in the Willamette valley of
white parentage. This accident
occurred at the cascades of the
Oolumbia, a canoe containing
Mr. and Mrs. Leslie and Mrs.
White and her infant being up
set. Mrs. White and Mrs. Leslie
escaped with great difficulty."
That was the first Mrs. David
sation as may be provided by law"
do you suppose that the people
would have voted for this if it had
been put up to them "on the
square?" Did the voters of Ore
gon know that this amendment re
pealed the constitutional law
which guarded their interests and
put the power to raise the salaries
of the supreme jutges into the
hands of the legislature? It was
a cunning niece of stratagem.
The heading of the bill said
nothing about salaries. Here it is:
"PerMitting three-fourths verdict
In civil cases." Now that heading
"caught" thousands of voters. Was
the trick really constitutional?
Then the reading of the amend
ment, "as may be provided by
law" of course the average In
telligent voter would say, "sure
we want the salaries of our offi
cers regulated by law."
Now- that was legally correct
language but it was trick langu
age to deceive the vofr.- and it
did deceive them.
But the salaries of the judges
of the supreme court were raised
before 1910. In 1907, according
to our esteemed secretary of.
state's blue book, the legislative
assembly increased the salaries of
the Justices of the supreme court
to $4,500, in 1919 ' 35,200, and
in 1925 to 17,500.
Now I hold that raising of sala
ries in this manner is unconstitu
tional, and, in the case of the su
preme court judges in 1910, the
amendment was at least aeainst
the spirit of the constitutional
law. I have no enmity against
any of the Judges. Probably most
of them never theught of the
method of the salary fixing, but
just took their pay as a matter of
course and their election as polit
ical good luck.
Many people, however, under
present conditions, want all they
can get and when it is plicd in
their reach they go after it.
Vast sums of" money that rep
resent thb wealth produced by the
workers are thus paid out for
useless, unfair cost of govern
ment. This produces ppverty for
the many and excessive wealth for
the few, and finally, crime, rebel
lion, civil war and decay. Eternal
vigilance is truly the price of lib
erty and the only way to preserve
this great republic is for the peo
ple to keep the government in
their own hands.
Our constitution, our Initiative,
and our referendum are great
forts for protection of the people,
but when their servants organise
and use these same forts for their
own defense, then we are all on
the road to slavery.
Let the state officers ask for a
reasonable increase above the con
stitutional salaries In a constitu
tional rinanner. Let honest states
men, explain the reasons for such
increase and the people will be
fair. It Is the people's right to
vote It down, but money-politicians
can refuse to serve.
It is service that real states
men think of rather than big sala
ries. Politicians seek high office
and Increase their salaries as fast
as possible. Our primary law has
been corrupted by and for these
politicians. They control every
branch of our state government.
It is my understanding that
some of the more conscientious
state officers, including at least
one of the supreme judges, at first
refused to take the unconstitu
tional salary. Does this show that
ho did not "know his state con
stitution along with his Black
stone" or that he realized as some
of us now realize that either this
state is to become a real democ
racy or remain a plutocracy a
government for our legislators, for
our executives and for our fudges.
Seven thousifnd five hundred
dollars per year means luxury for
a few, but it a!:? means poverty
for the many.
Does the majority of the vot
ers know that their constitutional
safeguard, regarding salaries of
the state officers, has been over
ridden by the legislative assembly,
and In case of the supreme
judges, that It has been, cunning
ly destroyed by the voters' own
votes? Let's keep at it dear
"Statesman, until every voter in
the state Is a student, and force
upon all branches bt our govern
ment a simplification of our laws,
the just judging thereof, their
tearless executltion, and all this
at a reasonable expense.
In teaching civil govi.nment for
several years I became quite fa
miliar with our federal and state
constitution and I am now very
much In lore with these most won
derful preservators of our liberties.
Their violation hurts everybody,
and if elected, my offer still
stands. I will turn back to the
people .all of my salary excepting
$2,000. giving back to the pro
ducers of wealth, $5,000 every
year of my term of office.
J. E. HOSMER,
Nominee for Justice
of the Supreme Court.
Leslie. The Whites were
Mr. VI Hah White.
Bancroft says in another place.
"Jason Lee White was born in
July 188 1: be was 1 months
old I at the time of his death.' If
Jason Lee WWtf n
July, 1834V he was not bora in
the Willamette valley, for his
parenj.8 were in their home in
Tompkins county. New York, at
that time, having left Boston on
the steamship Hamilton July 28.
1836, going to the Sandwich Isl
ands, and leaving there on the
Diana the latter part of April,
1837. and arriving at Tort Van
couver about May 18 of that
year, whence they came to the
old mission. All the historians
say Dr. and Mrs. White had an
infant son when they arrived
here. So it may be Bancroft
made a mistake of. a year, and
there was a second son, Jason
Lee White, born in July 1887. at
the old mission. But in that case
he would have been IS months
old when he was drowned, in
stead of 11 months. There was
no doubt a boy in the Dr. White
family, and he was named Jason
Lee. And that boy was likely
born in the Willamette valley;
and in it probable that he was
born in May or June, 1837, and
therefore was, .If or 15 months
old when he wasj drowned. The
Bits man thinks the Bancroft
writer, or his proof reader, made
several errors, or allowed them
to get By. Is there any one now
living hereabouts who can defi
nitely straighten this out?
Bancroft says: "On the 15th
of September. 1837, Joseph
Beers was born, arfd in 1882 re
sided in Marion county, the old
est American native in Oregon.
On the 15th of November, 1S37,
a daughter named Eliza was
born to Mr. and Mrs. (H. H.)
Spalding at Lapwai. and she
married a Mr. Warren of
Brownsville. Linn county. The
next birth was that of Jason
Lee's son, June 6, 1S38. who
died soon after (his mother died
June 26), and who was the fifth
child and third boy though J.
L. Parrish claims hki for the
first." (Mother and child were
buried in the same grave, at the
old mission, and their bodies
were afterward removed to the
Jason Lee cemetery.)
Bancroft further says: "On
the 7th of December, 1S38, a son
was born to Mr. and Mrs. Walk
er (Elkanah), at Waiilatpu. the -first
boy of white parentage in
eastern Oregon, or what is now
Washington. A son was born to
Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Gray about
the same time. In the autumn
of 1838 a daughter was born to
Mr. and Mrs. (Cyrus) Shepard,
named Anna Maria Lee, and a
son to Mr. and Mrs. Perkins."
(Rev. H. K. W. Perkins.) (The
Shepard daughter was of course
named for Anna Maria, wife of
Jason Lee, who had died.)
Two daughters were born to
Rev. and Mrs. David Leslie at
the old mission the first Mrs.
Leslie, and other children came
to the families of the missionar
ies there in the late thirties; aft
er the middle of 1837.
Who was the first white child
born in what is now Salem? The
Bits man knows thre is a dis
pute about this. If there are
any old timers who can enlight
en him on this point, he would
be glad to hear from them.
There was a child born to Rev.
and Mrs. J. L. Parrish at the old
mission, and died there and was
buried in the cemetery for the
whites a different one from
that for the Indians. Was the
body of that child removed?
There Is doubt on this point, too.
The Bits man hopes that now,
after the long fight, the matter
of the vacation of The stub end
of Trade street .may be allowed
to rest, or be speedily cleared
up, in order that the paper, mill
people may be allowed to go
ahead with their improvement,
which will lead to the employ
ment of about 100 new people,
and add at least 500 to the- pop
ulation of Salem eventually a
great many more to this city, and
its metropolitan or trade area.
A great many more, because
this projected improvement in
the arrangement and operation
of the paper mill will result In
better operating conditions, lead
ing to a more certain ssiow of
net returns, and therefore giving
encouragement to the owning
company to make further addi
tions increasing the output and
requiring still larger forces in
the city and in the country that
supplies the raw materials.
And a favorable attitude to
wards such concerns, like that
shown by 'the large petition for
the vacation of the stub end of
the street by the people of Sa
lem, will help in encouraging
other paper mill concerns to
come here. There are two or
three such projects now not far
around the corner. The available
permanent supply of raw mater
ials will surely in time bring
more mills to Salem or to this
section. The pulp wood supplies,
in the forest reserves, for in
stance, which will have to be
harvested, and not destroyed;
for which there Is a down hill
haul -to Salem. This city la
bound In time to become an Im
portant paper making center.
The sooner the better, for all
who have a stake here.
There seems a prospect of re
organizing the Oregon Linen.
Mills, Inc., and putting its busi
ness on a stable basis.
That this cam be done, there
(Continued "on page 10)
So Ions as we love, we serve.
So long as we are loved by others
I would almost say we are in
dispensable; and no man la use
less while he has a friend. R, U
Thought . . .