The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, July 24, 1930, Page 1, Image 1

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    :- r
ira a saving
- - 3. J"
A nhatrlnilna 1 a Th
Fair and copier today
and Friday, thunderstorms
in mountains; Max. temp.
Wednesday 85, Mia. 47,
north wind, rirer 2.4.
Statesman Is saving, mot
aa expense, -the average
housewife ; finds according;
to recent survey.
Salem, Oregon, Thursday Morning, Jnty 24, 1930
1 - - AW.
City and Company Seeking
Development Rights to
Confer Soon
Firm May Not Be Required
To File Over Again if
Salem's Plan Fails
. Definite action In connection
with the application of the North
west Power company, a subsid
iary of the Pacifie Northwest
Public Service company, for per
mission to appropriate the waters
of Marion Lake and ,the North
Santiam rirer for power purposes
was deferred Wednesday at a
meeting of the state reclamation
commission here until Tuesday,
August S.
The continuance followed a
discussion In which It was
brought out that attorneys for
the city of Salem and the power
company might agree upon some
procedure which would protect
the interests of both. The mu
nicipality previously had filed
with the reclamation commission
a petition asking that the appli
cation of the power company be
denied, and that the city then be
-feisu. 6lx months In which to per
fect its application for appropria
tion of the water for power.
It was specifically provided in
the city's petition that in case
municipality failed to perfect its
tiling the - power company then
would have authority to reestab
lish its rights to the water In
Object to Making
Renewed Filing
O. B. Caldwell, representing
the power company, contended
that his employers desired to be
fair, but he was not in sympathy
with the plan of the city to com
pel the power company to start
j new proceedings in case the city
failed to complete its filing. He
urged that the proceeding mere
ly be continued over the six
months period," which would
give the municipality- time . In
which to complete Its application
for power development
W. H. Trindle, attorney for
the city, said this was satisfac
tory as the municipality did not
desire to act unfairly In the con
troversy. Trindle said that In
event the municipality did not
complete its application
within the six months period,
then the Northwest Power com
pany should be allowed to pro
ceed with the development with
out unnecessary costs or embar
rassment. Plan for Election
Told by Trindle
It was explained by Trindle
that the city expected to refer to
the voters at a special election in
the near future the Question of a
charter amendment, which would
authorise municipal power devel
opment. Rhea Luper, state engineer, in
response to questions propound
ed by members of the reclamation
(Turn to page 2, col. 7)
w AsaiiMii i u., u. u.t juiy zx.
- (AP) - Senator McNary an
nounced today 32,6 7 8,81 $ In fed
eral aid thus, far has been allot
ted to the Roosevelt highway in
"Oregon. V
The funds hare been applied to
171 miles of road construction.
During the past fiscal year, Mc
Nary said, the Roosevelt highway
received 3939.912 to be applied te
4 9 ft miles of road. McNary safd
that In addition, 40 tt miles of
forest road Included In the Roose
velt highway has been finished
with an expenditure of 3794.545
by the federal government An
other 5 miles are under con
struction to which 350.000 will
be allotted. ,
CORVALLIS, Ore , July 23r
(AP) Fred Cockell, MUwaukie,
was elected president cf the Ore
gon Poultrymen's association at
the opening meeting of the annual
two dav convention hem tadav.
- . -
Other officers elected were J. L..
Russell. CoTvaUis, vice-president;
F. I Knowlton, Q..3. C, secretary
treasurer; Mrs. -W. H. Thompson,
Canby, and Lloyd Lee. Salem,
members of the executive com
mittee. ,r. - - .
Cockell, the president-elect. Is
ene of the IS American repre
sentatives at- the . world poultry
congress in London. -i
All Oregon nonltrymenV eon
ventlon records,, were broken to-uav.'-Mar
than S5S Or ran tkibT-
EZE2OeTfiril from ether '
i President Leo,' lnhl annual re
port, advocated establishment ef
an association booth at the state
fair, endorsed braaea county, associations,-
and praised the work of
the Oregon experiment station. He
said the discovery of a new chick
en pox virus more than repays
nil special poultry appropriations.
Tariff -ehanges,;he.aaid,vwiu be
beaeOdal to the somltrr industry.
Extorti on Charges
Follow Slaying of
Espousal of Recall Movement Also Suggested
as Motive for Murder of Announcer; All
Detroit Aroused at Crime
TTtaETROIT, July 23. (AP)
U C. Wilcox announced late
a confessed bootlegger which
icy, iauiu announcer siain Dy
torted money from him.
Buckley was political
Nearly 12 Million Shown as
Figure For This City
In Schramm Report
Deposits hi all banks in Oregon
at the close of business June 30,
1930, were 1290,541.621.85. or
an increase of 311,462,071.49
since March 27, according to a re
port prepared here Wednesday by
A. A. Schramm, state superinten
dent of banks.
Deposits increased 385,837.82
oviV Uefigures released June 30
1929. Salem wih deposits of
311,889,927.75 ranked second to
Total deposits reported on June
30 of this year were the highest
of any midsummer call, with the
exception of in 192 . 1927 and
1928, since 1903, which was the
first year that such records were
kept by the state banking de
The total deposits on June 30
of this year included $126,951.-
147.75 time an' daavings deposits
and $163,590,474.08 demand de
posits, an Increase of 3984,7(1.19
since March 27 In time and sav
ings accounts, and 310.477;-
310.30 in demand deposits. Total
time and savings deposits Irere
the highest on June SO of 'any
midsummer call since 1908.
"A , decrease of bills payable
and rediscounts of 33,184,686.89
since June 30, 1929, and an in
crease of cash and due from
banks of 38,703.892.53 indicates
a stronger position for the
banks." read Mr. Schramm's re
"A further Improvement was
shown in the total of -other real
estate of 31.628, 86.87, which Is
a decrease of 3145,803.71 since a
year ago. Banking house, furni
ture and fixtures showed a de
crease of 3207,941.54 over, the
same period. The value of bank
ing house, furniture and fixtures
on June 30, 1930, was 310,481,-
Loans and discounts have de
creased 34,449,217.90 since June
30, 1929, with a decrease noted
in United States government se
Fifty-two cities and towns In
(Turn to page 2, col. S)
Coast Highway Gets Aid
Fred Cockell President
Road District Opposed
Infant Paralysis Noted
JEWELL, Ore, July 23. (AP)
For two hours timber owners,
logging operators, farmers of the
Nehalem valley, and Clatsop and
Tillamook county commissioners
tiled before the state highway com
mission here today to protest the
creation - or a proposed '"super
road district" in Clatsop, Colum
bia, Washington and Tillamook
Lester Shelly, Ternohla attor
ney, appeared before the commis
sion with the statement he was
the only sponsor of the petition for
the district. The proposed district
covers an area about 48 miles long
and 16 miles wide. The major por
tion Is in Clatsop eounty.
PORTLAND. Ore.; July 23.
(AP) Dr. Frederick D. Strieker,
secretary of the state board f
health, reported today there were
two cases of infantile paralysis In
uregon, eotn ef them in Portland.
Dr. Strieker urred- tromnt at
tention to any unexplained ailment
PORTLAND, Ore Jily St.
(AP) William T. Reuther. 40.
pleaded guilty in circuit court to
day to a charge of assault and
robbery while armed and Jndge
Hewitt sentenced him to 16 year
fa the state penitentiary.
Heather was charged with rob
bing a pharmacy here at the point
or a gun jne 30. After leaving
the pharmacy he fired two shots.
t pursuers.
THE DALLES. Ora Jaty-23.-
(AP)-Clyde ; MeCaUlster. Pine
Crest wheat farmer,-Is harvesting
199 acres of Turkey hybrid which
Is expected to yield 4.909 bushels.
He also has two acres ef new soil
planted, to the variety mad wheat
from drill row . 14 : feet long
weighed tt pounds. At this rate
the two acres will yield more than
199 bushel to the acre. , - ,
Radio Man
Police Commissioner Thomas
today he has an affidavit from
states Herald E. (Jerry) Buck-
gunmen early today, had ex
commentator for radio station
vwiiflc. He waa an avowed en
emy of gangsters' and outspoken
eritm of the administration of
iuries uowies, Detroit s re
called mayor.
Through the mlcronhone h
had denounced lawlessness, rack
eteers and gangsters.
Commissioner Wilcox gave out
an arriaavit from an unnamed
man who said he had been m
dueed by Buckley to start boot
legging. After he became aligned
with a prosperous liquor selling
organisation, fie swore Buekley
demanded and received amounts
totaling 14,000.
Police apparently accepted that
purported revelation as a possi-
Die explanation of the slaving.
Other theories were advanced by
HUCKiey s associates. One group,
headed by the victim's brother,
Paul, former Wayne county as
sistant prosecutor, insisted he
was killed because of his espousal
of the mayoralty recall. Others,
including the police, had believed
ms continued attacKs on gang
sters oriered the motive.
A third theory was he was shot
to forestall his Identification of
the man who killed - two gang
sters in front of the hotel. In
which the radio station is lo
cated, on July 3. Buckley wit
nessed that killing from the win
dow of the radio station.
Buckley was shot from behind
by three unidentified gunmen as
as sat in the lobby of tVe La Salle
hotel at 1:50 a. m. His assail
ants pumped 11 bullets into his
body and he died shortly after be
ing admitted to receiving hos-
Recall Victory
Pltotietles Tiagedy -
The slaying came five hours
after Detroit citizens by a major
ity of So.600 had voted to recall
Mayor Bowles on the basis of
charges he had tolerated lawless
ness, it climaxed a series of 10
gangster killings in Detroit
streets during the past three
weeks. The effect was to arouse
the entire state.
Within a few hours the fall
weight of the state's law enforce
ment machinery was thrown into
the investigation. Under the di
rection of Governor Fred Warn
Green, state civil and military au
thorities immediately took an In
terest in the case wh the an
nounced Intention of aiding local
officers. 4
COBLENZ, Germany, July 23.
(AP) The recovery of 39
bodies from the Moselle river
here following yesterday's ' col
lapse of a pontoon bridge mark
ed the tragic end today of what
promised to be one of the most
Joyous occasions In lhe life of
venerable President Von Hind en-
burg, who four days ago started
from Berlin on a triumphal tour
of ' the liberated Rhlneland.
Gloom shrouded the Rhlneland
tonight and spread over all Ger
many. Radio programs, . social
functions, and . festive, celebra
tion were called -off everywhere
as aa expression of national
Sorrow was deepest In this eity
once occupied by - troops of the
American expeditionary, force. It
was for the most part cltlsens of
this town who. eager to see the
Illumination of the former fort
ress of Ehrenbreistein, on the
right bank of the Rhine to over
crowded the frail bridge that
spaas an estuary of the Moselle
Nart-, its confluence Into the
Among the victims, of whom 19
were : women . and " girls, four
young children and 18 men,
there was also an American boy,
six year old. Raymond Lawler of
Akron. O. Like the German
youngsters alongside of him, he
his German grandparents te case
athe fascinating, lights and the
fireworks, ; part ot thc Rhine
land's celebration. He and his
grandfather perished. y , -;
Cooling Breeze 11
Provides Relief :
A cooling ereexe brought relief
from the brief beat wafe in Sa
lem Wednesday : and the maxl-
murn temperature jell seven, de
grees under that registered Tues
day. , T he - mercery! ' hovered
around 89 degrees daring most
of the 4ay.-reaching : its peak of
85 degrees .early in " the after
noon. ;: ; . '.v- . - ,:
Clear skies with r moderate
north and - northeast - winds Was
forecast for ' Thursday '"and - Fri
day- -
j I - ! T -
G. 0. P. Chairman's Delay
In Making Announcement
Causes Surprise
Object of Attack is Away
From Washington and
Cannot Be Found
(AP) Confidently expecting the
early retirement ef Claudius
Huston aa chairman of the repub
lican national committee. Presi
dent Hoover and party leaders
today went ahead with arranging
campaign plans In the absence of
The republican campaign dis
cussions both at the White House
and at the capltol were based up
on the assumption Huston is get
ting out. However, his continued
absence from the city was begin
ning to receive notice.
The chairman who haa been
under fire of a powerful group In
the party, promised early In the
month to make an announcement
of his Intentions as chairman as
soon as the senate adjourned.
When the senate adjourned
Monday, the party leaders sat
back to hear his statement None
was forthcoming, inquiries were
launched but Huston was not to
be found. His office yesterday
said he was in New York but to
day there was no Intimation of
where Huston could be located.
Return Today in
Tentative Promise
It was said there he would be
here tomorrow "if he ean ar
range some things." What was to
be arranged was not disclosed.
Out of the round of conferen
ces today it developed that if
Huston does not announce his In
tention of resigning shortly,
steps will be taken to seek his
Meanwhile, harmonr was the
by-word as republican leaders
bent their efforts to rearranging
the national organisation from
the worst-split It has suffered in
News that Senator- Borah. Ida
ho. Is preparing to take stump in
tne approaching campaign of the
arm relief and tariff issues add
ed concern to the republican
managers. Borah Is on- the other
side of these Issues from the Hoo
ver administration.
Harmony Efforts
Being Launched
Senator Moses, of New Hamp
shire, the chairman of the repub
lican senatorial campaign com
mittee, conferred at the capltol
with-Senator Watson, of Indiana,
the party leader in the senate,
and Post Master General Brown.
Considerable Interest attached to
this meeting. Moses has been an
ally of Huston in his fight for re
tention of . the chairmanship
while Brown has been an out
standing opponent of Huston.
It was said' after the meeting
the Huston situation was not dis
cussed but the conference was re
garded as one of the first peace
moves in the new harmony pro
Hoboes Arrange
30-day Mourning
Period For How
Jeff Davis, for many years rec
ognised as "king ot the hoboes"
late today said the international
Itinerant hoboes of America will
go into a 39, day period ot mourn
ing for James Eads How, "mil
lionaire hobo." and a leader of
the brotherhood welfare associa
tion, another hobo organisation.
How died yesterday at Staun
ton. Va.
Davis said the International
hoboes organisation will erect a
statue ot How at the Eads bridge
on -a Mississippi- levee at St.
Louis. The bridge was built by
How's grandfather, part of Whose
wealth How later used fostering
better conditions among hoboes.
Kentucky Belle,
. On Drunk Charge
ory of th "Belle of Kentucky
Utian-tailred beauty who reigned
over San Francisco's ntrht Ufa. In
the hey-day of the Barbery coast.
Police Jndr fi T Rtalrar tnrisv
-dismissed charges of drunkness
against Hay Sheen an. 35. -
Jul is . old . woman. Judre "
pleaded the prisoner, "trying to
f arret thm' tariff faffrtiMi tt tfcna
who once fought for my favor.'
aomrags or the ence-eeautt-tul
May Sheehan still , adorn, the
walls of deserted eaf m wImm
doors; closed with the advent of
Jim : London - of Philadelphia
recognized in moat of the east as
the. world's championship heavy-
wigm wreauer, xonignt .. threw
Karl Posella of Baltimore, a Lith
uanian, with a head laelt In. mi
hoar; ten. minutes.
New Physica1
Director Here
vs. V
ft '
W. Vernon Gflmore, who succeeds
"Luke" Gill as head of the
boys' physical edncatlon de
partment t Salem high. He
was graduated from O. 8. C in
June, after starring la track
athletics at the state school and
devouring, all the physical edn
catlon courses offered there.
"Particularly Affected" is
Phrase in Statute Paper
Firm Relies Upon
"Particularly affected" are the
two magic words which Walter
E. Keyes, attorney for the Oregon
Pulp & Paper company here,
hopes to use as a key to unlock
the remonstrance gate which was
thrust across the vacation of
Trade street In the city council
Keyes is emphatic in the state
ment that Section 3821 of the
Oregon code relating to remon
strances to vacation of streets ap
plies only to such petitions when
filed by men and women who are
particularly affected. This means,
according to Keyes, property own
ers who would be more damaged
by the vacation than the general
rank and file of citizens.
"For example the party having
property adjacent to a "blind"
street is more affected than the
average citizen," Keyes declared.
"In the case of the proposed va
cation, the adjacent property
owners Joined with the paper mill
in asking the street be granted
to the latter organization."
. Mr. Keyes said he was not
alone In his opinion. City Attor
ney Grant of Portland is said to
hare told Keyes that in Portland
cases the "particularly affected"
Interpretation had always been
placed on the statute. Bert Ma
cy, local attorney, called Keyes
Wednesday to assure him he was
right in his views since Macy had
seen a similar situation in anoth
er city.
Under this Interpretation, the
city council could proceed at its
next meeting, August 4, to vacate
the desired part of the street. Un
less the 22 objectors wished to
carry the matter into the courts,
the matter would be at an end.
If the 23 petitioners sought
legal action, the next step would
be to ask an Injunction to prevent
the city assigning the portion of
the street to the paper company-
-roe matter of the rights of the
remonstrance makers under the
Oregon laws as well as the rights
of the eity council would then be
fully heard and the question of
"particularly affected" determin
ed. In a public statement Tuesday,
City Attorney Trindle said In his
opinion the remonstrance of the
32 property owners in Salem
made it Impossible for the city
council to vacate the street un
less two-thirds of the property
owners in town petitioned the va
cation, or unless the 22 signers
withdrew their remonstrance.
Murder Suspect
Held in Salem's
. Jail Over Night
Claude Rhine, wanted in Taco
ma for the murder July 11 of a
night policeman and Frank Gay,
a Jail breaker wanted in Spokane,
were in xhe eity Jail Wednesday
night. The men were apprehend
ed tn San Francisco and are In
eustody of Officers Larry Amund
son, J. E. Ferrar and Prosecuting
Attorney H. Gardner, of Tacoma.
Rhine, the officers said, was
staging a, small hold-op In Ta
coma Jnlv 11 and wtian tfl-
eer tried to Interfere, struck him
over tne head with a small jack
handle, causing his death.
Fund Available
In Market Road
Work Announced
' The state highway departmeni
Wednesday announced a total of
SP.19M99.49 -of market road
funds are available for construc
tion and maintenance work-? in
Oregon during lt3e. ';
- The segregation by counties
Includes: Clatsop, - $33,427.92;
Lane 374.203.24; and Marlon.
OF G. 0. P. NEAR
No Answer Ready For Vital
Query "Who Will Be
The Nominee?"
Tom Kay Believed to Hold
Inside Track But His
Enemies Numerous
Tomorrow brings the opening
of Oregon's "historic" Dolitlcal
convention. It is unique in that
it is the first time delegates under
the primary system, shall choose
the nominee. Whether it will be
historic depends more on the af
termath of the gathering than on
the events of Friday and the days
which follow It.
With the public concerned
largely In picking the winner. It
is a certainty on tne eve of the
convention that no one, not even
the delegates, have any fixed
ideas on who will receive the
coveted award.
Tom Kav. state treasurer, an-
parently has the Inside track. He
nas neen tne most active cam
paigners among the committee
men and throueh the nress. He
la undoubtedly the best qualified
oy legislative and orilce-bolding
experience among the field. His
knowledge of Oregon's nroblems
is thorough. He has the poli
tical advantage of beine an in
cumbent member of the board
of control and the nost he would
vacate If elected rovernor U nr
mean advantage in a trading con
Tom Kay Thought
Strongest Contender
Kay'g name will go before the
convention as probably the
strongest contender. He has
known weaknesses, it not real.
certainly pyschological. He waa
not an out-and-out Joseph sup
porter which many will say im
plies a weakness while other del
egates will love him for this posi
tion. Kay arouses marked anti
pathy from union labor. His age
and previous condition of health
are objections-, not to, be forgotten
by aa electorate. How far these
disadvantages will go is problem
Against Kay will be Metachan
wno is known to have cherished
for a long time the ambition to be
governor. From eastern Oregon
comes Ralph Hamilton, well-
anown enough to be a candidate
but not sufficiently long-time In
politics to have made manv ene
mies or to have made notable ac
Julius Meier Not
To Be Overlooked
Julius Meier is not to be over
looked. His comparative youth,
his successful, business experi
ence, his friendship with Joseph
make him a man to be watched.
Holman is eager but has not a
chance for republican favor. He
may break the party, lines and go
ont to drub the ntilities on an in.
dependent platform. George Neu-
ner stands well with the dries.
Without the publicity attached to
a federal attorney's office, Neu
ner would be much less seriously
(Turn to page 2, col. S)
23 (AP) Twenty-one accused
night riders of the Little Erick
community ot West Oklahoma,
pleaded not guilty here today to
federal charges they conspired to
rid their countryside of negroes.
With one of their number, Un
der Sheriff M. T. Baker of Beck
ham eounty declaring the charges
"politics" the alleged conspira
tors were told to furnish bond of
32.099 each by United' States
Commissioner Fred W. Green.
Baker also asked preliminary
hearing and it probably will be
held July 30.
The 21 men of Erick and two
more as yet un caught are
charged with conspiracy to vio
late constitutional rirht in m.
nection with the. alleged rustling
ui zvv negroes rrom their home
by "nlrht ridinr." elmiliHnn nf
petitions and other means. Scat
tered over the state In many
cases with crops left behind, .the
negroes' say they are destitute. -
The Statesman
At the G. O R
Special aews 'report wffl
be f aralshed daily to Ore
gost Statesman readers dar
tng the cowing republican
convention ..ia Portland. ; .
' BeginahiK Friday moraing,
the day the .cuenezrtjpa be
glnn,' The 'Statesman will
haw a special representative
ta Portland te give the be
hiadthe ecene aews' as well"
aa the actaal happenings ess
the convention floor. ..,
You'll waa t each Issue of
the paper while the eonven
tion lasts-for. It Trill wake
Oregon political history.
water for - these special
Pioneer ot Air f
Travel Mourned
f V
14 V -V-
Leader in Conquest of Air
Dies Suddenly After
Recent Operation
23, (AP) Funeral servic fnr
Glenn H. Curtiss, who died in
Buffalo today will take place at
the Curtiss residence here Friday
afternoon, It was announced to
night. The Rev. G. P. Summer
llle, rector of St. James Episco
pal church, here, will officiate.
Burial will be in Plaasanrvlow
cemetery in Hammondsport.
BUFFALO. N Y. Jul,. 94
(AP) Glenn Hammond r.nrHaa
pioneer aviator and guiding genius
oi me aeronautical world, died
suddenly today in the General hos
pital here. He had been operated
on for appendicitis July 11, and
had been renorted out of A
and well on the way to recoverv.
in cause or aeatn was pulmon
ary embolus, a blood clot in a
main artery close to the heart.
Mews or the death of the man to
whom aviation owed so much of
its achievement In the past Quar
ter century came with a shocking
Mr. Curtki waa said havn
been suffering from appendicitis,
with recurring acute attacks, for
soma time. He was fnvolvf In a
suit brought against him by the
tiemng-cnrtiss company In a
Rochester court to recover nArlv
a million dollars.
The complaint charged violation
ot patent right and misappropria
tion of funds. Curtiss failed to ap
pear in court. Attorneys for the
company charged he was feigning
Illness and thn prmrt nrriereri
three physicians to conduct an ez-
ITurn to page z, col. 7)
Program for the regular Fri
day night band concert to be held
at Willson park beginning at 8
o'clock was completed last night
by Oscar Steelhammer, director.
The music will begin at 8 o'elock,
with numbers to be played In the
following order:
Radio Waves March (Jewell).
Selection "The Prince of Pil-
sen," By Request, (Landers).
"Gems of Stephen Foster" (To-
Popular Numbers.
Selections "High Jinx"
vocal solo Miss Eva Roberts.
"When Irish Eyes Are Smil
ing" (By Request). .
"Sunnyslde Up."
Theme song ot "My Maryland"
Overture "Jolly Robbers"
The Liberty Bell March (Sou
i). Star Spangled Banner.
Govei nor Would Avert
Water Hole Range War
Threatened bloodshed resulting
from the alleged refusal ef Frank
DobksLake county rancher, to
allow the;attle of other farmers
to crust ' his property to water
holes.:' Wednesday caused Gover
nor Norblad to eend telegrams to
rreeiaeni noover ana v.. u.
Uoort, commissioner general of
the federal land efffee. -asking
that some immediate, action be
taken by. the government to net
tle the controversy.,. - v .
- The telegrams were arepared
after Governor Norblad had con
ferred with A. L. Cross and B. G.
Skulason of Portland, field rep
resentative and' attorney for the
Oregon, ' Humane' society. Cross
said he had received telegrams
from livestock- raisers that cattle
were dying by the hundreds ; be
cause - they eould not . reach .the
water holes. vv1Jn
The trouble was aald to have
originated when Dobkina filed en
If forty acre ; tracts of land,
which entirely surround the wat
er holes. : These water hole are
the v only sources for livestock
watering In a wide area of range
eountryj .
Thousands Injured and
Ten Times as Many
Homeless v"
All Italy Stunned at
Worst Catastrophe
Since 1908
NAPLES. July 23. (AP)
Southeastern Italy tonight ha
counted its dead to the number of
873 in half a score of towns tum
bled to ruins by a series of ter
rific earthquakes which began aa
hour after midnight and had cet
ceased to vibrate this evening.
Government estimates placed
the injured at more than a th Oil
sand and the homeless at ten
times that figure. Melfi, pictur
esque mountain city, nerched nerU
ously upon the crater of the e
tinct Monte Volt' re. was an ir
of ghastly debris. Event the an
cient cathedral, dating back to
the ninth century, waa wrecked.
The almost Inaccessible natnre
of some of the areas devastated
made difficult the work of succer
and the enumeration of casual
ties. Most of the towns hit th
hardest are off the beaten paths.
of tourists and transportation i
Several supply trains have beee
sent to points on the railroads in
the interior from Naples and
hundreds of relief workers touipfct
were penetrating recesses of tbe
agricultural area offering relief to
the still terror-stricken victims.
Wont Eearthquake
Since Messina, 1008
The quake stunned all Italy. It
was the worst earthshock tinoe
Messina was aU but obliterated !
in 1908. The first tremor came
an hour after midnight.. Its own
awful nature was supplemented by
a tremendous electrical etoraa
over virtually the whole arfecte
The Intense area extended froaa
the Tyrrhean sea to the AdriatSe.
but the coast settlements suffer
less in proportion 'than the moun
tain populations. Naples a
perienced several hours of parr
and scores of casualties. Among
the city's victims was the Count
ess De Rossi Vargas.
Rlonero. often visited by quakes
In other years, suffered at least
20 deaths, San Sosslo Baronia re
ported 14 dead and 100 injured,
Rapollo a score dead and 30 hurt,
Varile ll known dead with 40 in
jured. Rlonero is known as tb
"home of the flowers," and is a
celebrated city among tourists ef
the more ardent group who pene
trate far into the hills.
Fully one thousand building
were destroyed in Melfi and R?e
nero. Further Casualties
Believed Suffered.
Because almost all of the confc
munlties which were hardest kit
are distant from the principal cen
ters and communication lines, tbe
authorities tonight viewed the pos
sibility that the death list thuc
far supplied would be materially
increased. With torchlights and
every other available Illumination
the ruins of scores of towns were
being searched and emergency hos
pitals wers filling with victims.
Never In all Neapolitan history
had this classic city experienced
such stark mad fright. A freniied
populace raced " through streeta,
apparently heading nowhere.
Tonight the work oft rescue pe
ceeded as rapidly as the . meaa
available would permit.
The wster holes are on a quar
ter section of land owned by W
W. Brown, livestock raiser, whe
for the past 40 years . has kept
the water ' opea to the cntine'
range. Dobbins holdings com
pletely surround Brown's quar
ter section, so that Brown's cat
tle are barred from his own wafc ...
r holes. -. ;.; V.V--'
' President Hoover, after re
eclviag complaints a few month
ago, withdrew from entry, three
ot the II "forties" before Doe .
klne - had completed his filiansk -Dobkina
has appealed to the gen
eral land office. Governor Nes
blad's telegram "asked that the
.appeal 'be disposed of as soon at
possible, and that - tne fences a
kept open vending the final 4e
JIIHIkll ' . T . 1 -
Cross - said .Wednesday thaax
Dobkina has armed guards ptr0
ling his fences and that the dis
tressed cattle owners are amtu
their ; men. Cattle men declared
that Dobkina is holding him
rights, " with a view of ; aeUiaet
them at an exorbitant figure."
rThe state can act In the cae
only upon receipt of Xedersl la
stmaUona, - -lJ